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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Systematic immunohistochemical analysis of the expression of CD46, CD55, and CD59 in colon cancer.
Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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The expression of membrane-bound complement regulatory proteins (mCRPs) that inhibit the complement system in normal tissues is essential for self-protection against an autologous immune reaction. However, the expression patterns of mCRPs, including CD46, CD55, and CD59, are inconsistent in different types of cancer cells.
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Decreased Expression of FOXJ1 is a Potential Prognostic Predictor for Progression and Poor Survival of Gastric Cancer.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2014
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FOXJ1 is a member of the forkhead transcription factor family, which has been mostly studied for its role in the development of ciliated epithelium and immunology. However, the role of FOXJ1 in tumorigenesis remains largely unknown or even conflicting. We thus investigated FOXJ1 expression in gastric cancer and analyzed its correlations with tumor progression and prognosis.
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The transcription factor CUTL1 is associated with proliferation and prognosis in malignant melanoma.
Melanoma Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-02-2014
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The transcription factor CUTL1 (CCAAT displacement protein 1) has been reported to participate in the proliferation of diverse types of cancer. In the present study, we investigated the potential involvement of CUTL1 in the proliferation of malignant melanoma. We found that CUTL1 expression was upregulated in malignant melanoma tissues and cell lines, and CUTL1 expression was selected as a prognostic predictor for malignant melanoma patients by both univariate and multivariate analysis. Knockdown of CUTL1 by short hairpin RNA significantly reduced the colony-forming ability of malignant melanoma cells in vitro and reduced tumor growth in vivo, whereas forced overexpression of CUTL1 produced the opposite results. Consistently, cell cycle progression was impaired upon downregulation of CUTL1 and enhanced when CUTL1 was upregulated. Additional experiments suggested that CUTL1 may regulate the proliferation of malignant melanoma by modulating the expression of cell cycle-related proteins.
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The significance of LRPPRC overexpression in gastric cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2013
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LRPPRC is a multifunctional protein involved in mitochondrial gene expression and function, cell cycle progression, and tumorigenesis. We analyzed LRPPRC gene expression in 253 paired cases of gastric cancer and noncancerous regions and six gastric cancer cell lines to demonstrate the importance of LRPPRC expression for the prediction of prognosis of gastric cancer. Our results showed that LRPPRC expression in gastric cancer tissues is significantly higher than that in paired control tissue (P < 0.001). Patients with higher LRPPRC expression showed a poorer overall survival rate than those with lower LRPPRC expression (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lymph node metastasis (N), distant metastasis (M), TNM stage, and LRPPRC expression were independent prognostic factors for gastric cancer (P = 0.004, 0.002, 0.017, 0.004 respectively).Moreover, Western blotting showed that LRPPRC expression was increased in SGC7901, BGC823, MKN45, and XGC9811cells. The in vitro proliferation assay showed that LRPPRC expression is inversely associated with gastric cancer cells growth. Our results indicated that LRPPRC could be used as a predictive marker for patient prognosis of gastric cancer and may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer in future.
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Ran GTPase protein promotes human pancreatic cancer proliferation by deregulating the expression of Survivin and cell cycle proteins.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 09-09-2013
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Ran, a member of the Ras GTPase family, has important roles in nucleocytoplasmic transport. Herein, we detected Ran expression in pancreatic cancer and explored its potential role on tumour progression. Overexpressed Ran in pancreatic cancer tissues was found highly correlated with the histological grade. Downregulation of Ran led to significant suppression of cell proliferation, cell cycle arrest at the G1/S phase and induction of apoptosis. In vivo studies also validated that result. Further studies revealed that those effects were at least partly mediated by the downregulation of Cyclin A, Cyclin D1, Cyclin E, CDK2, CDK4, phospho-Rb and Survivin proteins and up regulation of cleaved Caspase-3.
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The genetic architecture of zinc and iron content in maize grains as revealed by QTL mapping and meta-analysis.
Breed. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2013
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Micronutrient malnutrition, especially zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) deficiency in diets, has aroused worldwide attention. Biofortification of food crops has been considered as a promising approach for alleviating this deficiency. Quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was performed to dissect the genetic mechanism of Zn and Fe content in maize grains using a total of 218 F2:3 families derived from a cross between inbred lines 178 and P53. Meta-analysis was used to integrate genetic maps and detect Meta-QTL (MQTL) across several independent QTL researches for traits related to Zn or Fe content. Five significant QTLs and 10 MQTLs were detected. Two informative genomic regions, bins 2.07 and 2.08, showed a great importance for Zn and Fe content QTLs. The correlation between Zn and Fe level in maize grains was proposed by MQTLs as 8 of the 10 involved both traits. The results of this study suggest that QTL mapping and meta-analysis is an effective approach to understand the genetic basis of Zn and Fe accumulation in maize grains.
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Transcriptional up-regulation of RhoE by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 promotes epithelial to mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells during hypoxia.
Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2011
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Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process that drives cancer invasion. Recently, hypoxia has been reported to induce EMT, accompanied by cytoskeleton remodeling. As RhoE is a key regulator in cytoskeleton formation, we hypothesized that RhoE may play a role in hypoxia-induced EMT. For the first time, we report that RhoE protein levels increase in gastric cancer cells under hypoxic conditions. Rigorous analysis revealed that RhoE up-regulation is at the transcriptional levels and requires hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1? induction, and that HIF-1? binds a hypoxia-responsive element (HRE) on the RhoE promoter. Additionally, we discovered that hypoxia or overexpression of RhoE in normoxia up-regulates the mesenchymal marker Vimentin, down-regulates the epithelial marker E-cadherin, and significantly increases cell invasion in vitro. Silencing of HIF-1? or RhoE by specific siRNAs rescued these hypoxia-induced effects. Ectopic expression of RhoE also induced up-regulation of MMP2/MMP-9 in gastric cancer cells. This study identifies RhoE as a direct target for HIF-1 in gastric cancer cells. In addition, RhoE up-regulation represents a pivotal cellular adaptive response to hypoxia with implications in gastric cancer cell EMT and invasion. We propose that RhoE-targeted therapy might inhibit the high invasive potential of gastric cancer cells in hypoxic regions.
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Dynamic expression of CEACAM7 in precursor lesions of gastric carcinoma and its prognostic value in combination with CEA.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2011
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The significance of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 7 (CEACAM7) expression in gastric carcinoma and precancerous lesions and its correlation with CEA expression has rarely been previously investigated.
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[Effect of rpoS mutation on two gene clusters of phenazine in Psedomonas aeruginosa PAO1].
Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2010
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As an opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 can produce phenazine and its derivatives, which play a critical role in their pathogenesis. In many bacteria, RpoS, the product of rpoS gene, mediates biosynthesis of a set of secondary metabolites.
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MicroRNA-149 inhibits proliferation and cell cycle progression through the targeting of ZBTB2 in human gastric cancer.
PLoS ONE
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An increasing body of evidence indicates that miR-149 can both suppress and promote tumor growth depending on the tumor type. However, the role of miR-149 in the progression of gastric cancer (GC) remains unknown. Here we report that miR-149 is a tumor suppressor in human gastric cancer. miR-149 expression is decreased in GC cell lines and clinical specimens in comparison to normal gastric epithelial cell and tissues, respectively. The expression levels of miR-149 also correlate with the differentiation degree of GC cells and tissues. Moreover, ectopic expression of miR-149 in gastric cancer cells inhibits proliferation and cell cycle progression by down-regulating ZBTB2, a potent repressor of the ARF-HDM2-p53-p21 pathway, with a potential binding site for miR-149 in its mRNAs 3UTR. It is also found that ZBTB2 expression increases in GC cells and tissues compared to normal gastric epithelial cell and tissues, respectively. Silencing of ZBTB2 leads to suppression of cell growth and cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase, indicating that ZBTB2 may act as an oncogene in GC. Furthermore, transfection of miR-149 mimics into gastric cancer cells induces down-regulation of ZBTB2 and HDM2, and up-regulation of ARF, p53, and p21 compared to the controls. In summary, our data suggest that miR-149 functions as a tumor suppressor in human gastric cancer by, at least partially through, targeting ZBTB2.
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High Ran level is correlated with poor prognosis in patients with colorectal cancer.
Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
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The Ras-like nuclear protein (Ran) is involved in the regulation of nuclear transport, microtubule nucleation and dynamics, and spindle assembly. Its fundamental function is nucleocytoplasmic transport of RNA and proteins. The expression and potential role of Ran in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Ran expression and CRC characteristics. The potential role of Ran as a prognostic indicator was also evaluated.
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RhoE is associated with relapse and prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
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RhoE, an atypical Rho protein, is differently deregulated in some solid tumors, and there are conflicting data describing the role of RhoE in tumor cell migration and invasion. This study aimed to investigate RhoE expression in human colorectal cancer and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis.
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Osteopontin contributes to TGF-?1 mediated hepatic stellate cell activation.
Dig. Dis. Sci.
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Liver fibrosis is characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix. Our previous study found that osteopontin (OPN) increased in plasma of cirrhotic patients and indicative of cirrhosis staging. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of OPN in liver tissues and plasma of cirrhotic patients and further explore the role of OPN in human hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.