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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Myocardial protective effect of Danhong Injection evaluated by velocity vector imaging in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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To observe the myocardial protective effect of Danhong Injection evaluated by velocity vector imaging (VVI) in patients with unstable angina pectoris after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and elucidate its possible mechanism.
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Estimation of the latent mediated effect with ordinal data using the limited-information and Bayesian full-information approaches.
Behav Res Methods
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2014
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It is common to encounter latent variables with ordinal data in social or behavioral research. Although a mediated effect of latent variables (latent mediated effect, or LME) with ordinal data may appear to be a straightforward combination of LME with continuous data and latent variables with ordinal data, the methodological challenges to combine the two are not trivial. This research covers model structures as complex as LME and formulates both point and interval estimates of LME for ordinal data using the Bayesian full-information approach. We also combine weighted least squares (WLS) estimation with the bias-corrected bootstrapping (BCB; Efron Journal of the American Statistical Association, 82, 171-185, 1987) method or the traditional delta method as the limited-information approach. We evaluated the viability of these different approaches across various conditions through simulation studies, and provide an empirical example to illustrate the approaches. We found that the Bayesian approach with reasonably informative priors is preferred when both point and interval estimates are of interest and the sample size is 200 or above.
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Prevalence of Suspected Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Hispanic/Latino Individuals Differs by Heritage.
Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2014
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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was shown to disproportionally affect Hispanic persons. We examined the prevalence of suspected NAFLD in Hispanic/Latino persons with diverse backgrounds.
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[Predictors of in-stent restenosis in coronary heart disease patients complicating with diabetes mellitus within 2 years after drug-eluting stents implantation].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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To determine predictors for in-stent restenosis (ISR) within 2 years after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in coronary heart disease patients complicating with diabetes mellitus and to establish predictive model.
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Capillary dilation and rarefaction are correlated with intracapillary inflammation in antibody-mediated rejection.
J Immunol Res
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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Antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) remains one of the major causes of graft loss after renal transplantation. It is dominated by endothelial damage in microcirculation. Clarifying the mechanism of microcirculating damage is obviously a key step to understand the pathogenesis of ABMR. Here we characterized capillary variation in ABMR and its possible mechanisms. Compared with T cell-mediated rejection and stable grafts, there was a significant dilation and rarefaction in peritubular capillaries (PTCs) of the ABMR group; Image-Pro Plus revealed a significantly larger intra-PTC area. Interestingly, the dilation of PTCs was strongly correlated with the intra-PTC cell counting. Moreover, peritubular capillary inflammation is correlated with in situ T-bet expression, and there was a good correlation between the intra-PTC expression of T-bet and the PTC diameter. HIF-1? up-regulation could be observed in ABMR but it was not necessary for capillary dilation. In general, ABMR is characterized with early capillary dilation and rarefaction; our data confirmed that the dilation is strongly correlated with intracapillary inflammation, which in turn is correlated with in situ T-bet expression. T-bet plays an important role in the development of microcirculating injury, and thus it is a potential target for the treatment of ABMR.
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ST elevation acute myocardial infarction accelerates non-culprit coronary lesion atherosclerosis.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2014
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The previously study found, using a mouse model, that acute myocardial infarction accelerated atherosclerosis. This study assessed whether ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) accelerates the progression of non-culprit coronary lesion (NCCL) in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Four hundred and forty-nine patients who underwent successful PCI with stents and follow-up coronary angiography in a single center were enrolled. The NCCL progression was assessed using three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography and was defined as ?10 % diameter reduction of a preexisting stenosis ?50, ?30 % diameter reduction of a stenosis <50 %, development of a new stenosis ?30 % in a previously normal segment, or progression to total occlusion. The patients were classified into two groups according to whether the progression existed or not. The median age of patients was 58.4 years. The mean angiographic follow-up period was 12.3 months, 134 (29.8 %) patients had NCCL progression. Multivariate Cox regression analysis (step-wise) showed that STEMI was the only independent determinant of NCCL progression. Compared to the other coronary artery disease group, the crude hazard ratio (HR) of NCCL progression for the STEMI group was 3.20 (95 % CI 2.27-4.50; p < 0.001), and the association remained significantly after adjustment for age, sex, BMI, SBP, DBP, serum lipids, fasting blood glucose, peak monocyte count, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and lesion characteristics of NCCL (adjusted HR 3.56, 95 % CI 2.41-5.27; p < 0.001). The ST elevation acute myocardial infarction accelerates non-culprit coronary lesion atherosclerosis.
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Chronic treatment with trimetazidine after discharge reduces the incidence of restenosis in patients who received coronary stent implantation: a 1-year prospective follow-up study.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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The incidence of stent restenosis (SR) has risen with as more patients are being treated with drug-eluting stents (DESs). Trimetazidine has multiple favorable effects on the cardiovascular system. Here, we aimed to evaluate whether chronic treatment with trimetazidine reduced the incidence of SR.
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Effects of clonal integration on microbial community composition and processes in the rhizosphere of the stoloniferous herb Glechoma longituba (Nakai) Kuprian.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The effects of rhizodeposition on soil C and N availabilities lead to substantial changes of microbial community composition and processes in the rhizosphere of plants. Under heterogeneous light, photosynthates can be translocated or shared between exposed and shaded ramets by clonal integration. Clonal integration may enhance the rhizodeposition of the shaded ramets, which further influences nutrient recycling in their rhizosphere. To test the hypothesis, we conducted a pot experiment by the stoloniferous herb Glechoma longituba subjected to heterogeneous light. Microbial biomass and community composition in the rhizosphere of shaded offspring ramets, assessed by phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) analysis, were markedly altered by clonal integration. Clonal integration positively affected C, N availabilities, invertase and urease activities, N mineralization (Nmin) and nitrification rates (Nnitri) in the rhizosphere of shaded offspring ramets. However, an opposite pattern was also observed in phenoloxidase (POXase) and peroxidase (PODase) activities. Our results demonstrated that clonal integration facilitated N assimilation and uptake in the rhizosphere of shaded offspring ramets. The experiment provides insights into the mechanism of nutrient recycling mediated by clonal integration.
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HLA-DR Overexpression in Tubules of Renal Allografts During Early and Late Renal Allograft Injuriest.
Exp Clin Transplant
PUBLISHED: 12-19-2013
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We sought to discover which types of injuries were related to human leukocyte antigen DR expression in acute rejection and late chronic injury in renal allografts.
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Immunophenotyping in BK virus allograft nephropathy distinct from acute rejection.
Clin. Dev. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2013
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Differentiating BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) from acute rejection (AR) is crucial in clinical practice, as both of them have interstitial inflammation in the grafts. The purpose of the study is to describe the inflammatory cellular constituents of BKVN and to determine the clinical utility of immunophenotyping findings in distinguishing BKVN from AR. In addition, the expression of the HLA-DR was investigated. Sixty-five renal allograft recipients were included in this study, including 22 cases of BKVN, 31 cases of AR, and 12 cases of stable allograft. Immunostaining for infiltrating lymphocytes showed that the number of CD20 cells (P < 0.001) and the percentages of CD3 (P < 0.001), CD4 (P = 0.004), CD8 (P = 0.005), and CD20 (P = 0.002) cells were all significantly different between BKVN and AR. Moreover, there were no statistically significant differences in tubule cell HLA-DR expression (P = 0.156). This observation suggests that the number of CD20 cells and the percentages of CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD20 cells in renal biopsies would aid the distinction between BKVN and AR. On the other hand, the presence of HLA-DR upregulation may not only be specific for acute rejection but also be a response to BKVN.
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The diagnostic value of transcription factors T-bet/GATA3 ratio in predicting antibody-mediated rejection.
Clin. Dev. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2013
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Previous data showed that the predominance of intraglomerular T-bet or GATA3 is correlated with different mechanisms of rejection, suggesting that the ratio of T-bet/GATA3 might be used to distinguish antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) and T-cell-mediated rejection (TCMR).
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A flexible model for the mean and variance functions, with application to medical cost data.
Stat Med
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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Medical cost data are often skewed to the right and heteroscedastic, having a nonlinear relation with covariates. To tackle these issues, we consider an extension to generalized linear models by assuming nonlinear associations of covariates in the mean function and allowing the variance to be an unknown but smooth function of the mean. We make no further assumption on the distributional form. The unknown functions are described by penalized splines, and the estimation is carried out using nonparametric quasi-likelihood. Simulation studies show the flexibility and advantages of our approach. We apply the model to the annual medical costs of heart failure patients in the clinical data repository at the University of Virginia Hospital System. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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CD20+ B-cell infiltration is related to the time after transplant and poor prognosis of acute cellular rejection in renal transplant.
Exp Clin Transplant
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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This study sought to determine the relation between CD20+ B-cell infiltration and time after transplant and outcome of acute cellular rejection in renal allografts.
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[Effects of monocyte chemotactic protein-3 on ICAM-1, VCAM-1, TF, and TFPI expression and apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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To investigate the effect of monocyte chemotactic protein-3 (MCP-3) on the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), tissue factor (TF, and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) and cell apoptosis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs).
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Effects of nutrient heterogeneity and competition on root architecture of spruce seedlings: implications for an essential feature of root foraging.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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We have limited understanding of root foraging responses when plants were simultaneously exposed to nutrient heterogeneity and competition, and our goal was to determine whether and how plants integrate information about nutrients and neighbors in root foraging processes.
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Overexpression of angiotensin II type 2 receptor suppresses neointimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid arterial balloon injury model.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2011
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Angiotensin II (ANG II) type 2 receptor (AT2R) has been recognized to suppress the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The aim of the present study was to determine whether AT2R overexpression inhibits neointimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid arterial balloon injury model and to examine the underlying mechanisms of its activity. Balloon-injured rats receiving Ad-AT2R showed significant diminutions in neointimal area and intima/media ratio compared to non-treated rats or rats receiving adenovirus containing green fluorescent protein (Ad-GFP). In addition, extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and basic transcription element-binding protein 2 (BTEB2) were significantly down-regulated in the arteries and VSMCs of Ad-AT2R-treated rats and compared to Ad-GFP-treated rats. However, Ad-AT2R transfection failed to affect the expression of ANG II type 1 receptor (AT1R) in carotid arteries and cultured VSMCs. The present study provides direct evidence that AT2R plays a beneficial role in balloon injury-induced neointimal hyperplasia, which is mainly attributed to the inhibition of VSMC proliferation and involves the down-regulation of the ERK1/2 and BTEB2 pathways, but is independent of the expression of AT1R.
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Special malignancy pattern in Chinese renal transplantation recipients: a single center experience and literature review.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2011
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Malignancy is one of the main complications after renal transplantation but the situation in Chinese renal allograft recipients remains an enigma. We therefore reviewed 1,000 (8,531 person-years follow-up) renal allograft recipients from Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University, revealing an incidence rate of 2.4% of post-transplant malignancies, with a standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of 17.8 (95% C.I.: 16.7-18.8); the standardized rate is 1.67%, compared with 0.29% in the general population. However, our group demonstrated an extremely low incidence of skin cancer, which dominates in western countries. To confirm the findings, we reviewed the literature on post-transplant malignancies in Chinese renal allograft recipients, covering 296 malignancies in 18,548 renal transplant recipients in 21 reports. The top three most common sites of malignancies were the digestive tract, bladder and liver. The incidence of skin cancer was very low in most centers. These data show that Chinese renal allograft recipients have a unique spectrum of post-transplant malignancies, with an extremely very low incidence of skin cancer as compared to populations from western countries.
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De novo development of circulating anti-endothelial cell antibodies rather than pre-existing antibodies is associated with post-transplant allograft rejection.
Kidney Int.
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2010
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Anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECAs) are thought to be involved in the development of renal allograft rejection. To explore this further, we determine whether AECAs play a role both in predicting the incidence of allograft rejection and long-term outcomes by analysis of serum samples from 226 renal allograft recipients for AECAs pre- and post-transplant. Surprisingly, the presence of pre-existing AECAs was not associated with either an increased risk of rejection or a detrimental impact on recipient/graft survival. Subsequent de novo AECAs, however, were associated with a significantly increased risk of early acute rejection. Moreover, these rejections tended to be more severe with a significantly increased incidence of both steroid-resistant and multiple episodes of acute rejection. The acute rejections associated with de novo AECAs did not correlate with C4d deposition at the time of renal biopsy, but did demonstrate an association with the presence of glomerulitis and peritubular capillary inflammation. Significantly more patients with de novo AECAs developed graft dysfunction. Thus, our prospective study suggests the emergence of de novo AECAs is associated with transplant rejection that may lead to allograft dysfunction.
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Adrenergic receptor blockade-induced regression of pressure-overload cardiac hypertrophy is associated with inhibition of the calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2010
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Calcineurin and its downstream effectors nuclear factor of activated T-cells 3 (NFAT3) and zinc finger-containing transcription factor (GATA4) have been implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. The aims of the present study were to investigate alterations in the calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway in pressure-overload hypertrophy, and to determine whether adrenergic receptor blockade affects this signaling pathway. In aorta-banded rats compared with sham-operated rats, a significant increase in the phosphorylation levels of calcineurin and GATA4 was observed (both p<0.05), while the NFAT3 phosphorylation level was markedly decreased (p<0.05). Oral administration of either the non-selective ? blocker/?-1 blocker carvedilol or the selective ?-1 blocker metoprolol, but not the selective ?-1 blocker terazosin, significantly suppressed the activated calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway (all p<0.05) in addition to inducing a regression of cardiac hypertrophy. Pressure overload-induced up-regulation of c-myc was markedly attenuated by treatment with either carvedilol or metoprolol (both p<0.05). The present findings may expand our understanding of the correlation between sympathetic activity and the calcineurin/NFAT3/GATA4 pathway, and highlight these signal transducers as effective targets in the management of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy.
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Changes in the peripheral blood transcriptome associated with occupational benzene exposure identified by cross-comparison on two microarray platforms.
Genomics
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2009
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Benzene is an established cause of leukemia, and possibly lymphoma, in humans, but the underlying molecular pathways remain largely undetermined. We used two microarray platforms to identify global gene expression changes associated with well-characterized occupational benzene exposure in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of a population of shoe-factory workers. Differential expression of 2692 genes (Affymetrix) and 1828 genes (Illumina) was found and the concordance was 50% (based on an average fold-change > or =1.3 from the two platforms), with similar expression ratios among the concordant genes. Four genes (CXCL16, ZNF331, JUN and PF4), which we previously identified by microarray and confirmed by real-time PCR, were among the top 100 genes identified by both platforms in the current study. Gene ontology analysis showed overrepresentation of genes involved in apoptosis among the concordant genes while pathway analysis identified pathways related to lipid metabolism. The two-platform approach allows for robust changes in the PBMC transcriptome of benzene-exposed individuals to be identified.
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Penalized likelihood estimation for semiparametric mixed models, with?application to alcohol treatment research.
Stat Med
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In this article, we implement a practical computational method for various semiparametric mixed effects models, estimating nonlinear functions by penalized splines. We approximate the integration of the penalized likelihood with respect to random effects with the use of adaptive Gaussian quadrature, which we can conveniently implement in SAS procedure NLMIXED. We carry out the selection of smoothing parameters through approximated generalized cross-validation scores. Our method has two advantages: (1) the estimation is more accurate than the current available quasi-likelihood method for sparse data, for example, binary data; and (2) it can be used in fitting more sophisticated models. We show the performance of our approach in simulation studies with longitudinal outcomes from three settings: binary, normal data after Box-Cox transformation, and count data with log-Gamma random effects. We also develop an estimation method for a longitudinal two-part nonparametric random effects model and apply it to analyze repeated measures of semicontinuous daily drinking records in a randomized controlled trial of topiramate.
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The prevalence of immunologic injury in renal allograft recipients with de novo proteinuria.
PLoS ONE
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Post-transplant proteinuria is a common complication after renal transplantation; it is associated with reduced graft and recipient survival. However, the prevalence of histological causes has been reported with considerable variation. A clinico-pathological re-evaluation of post-transplant proteinuria is necessary, especially after dismissal of the term "chronic allograft nephropathy," which had been considered to be an important cause of proteinuria. Moreover, urinary protein can promote interstitial inflammation in native kidney, whether this occurs in renal allograft remains unknown. Factors that affect the graft outcome in patients with proteinuria also remain unclear. Here we collected 98 cases of renal allograft recipients who developed proteinuria after transplant, histological features were characterized using Banff scoring system. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used for graft survival predictors. We found that transplant glomerulopathy was the leading (40.8%) cause of post-transplant proteinuria. Immunological causes, including transplant glomerulopathy, acute rejection, and chronic rejection accounted for the majority of all pathological causes of proteinuria. Nevertheless, almost all patients that developed proteinuria had immunological lesions in the graft, especially for interstitial inflammation. Intraglomerular C3 deposition was unexpectedly correlated with the severity of proteinuria. Moreover, the severity of interstitial inflammation was an independent risk factor for graft loss, while high level of hemoglobin was a protective factor for graft survival. This study revealed a predominance of immunological parameters in renal allografts with post-transplant proteinuria. These parameters not only correlate with the severity of proteinuria, but also with the outcome of the graft.
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Trajectory analyses in alcohol treatment research.
Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res.
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Various statistical methods have been used for data analysis in alcohol treatment studies. Trajectory analyses can better capture differences in treatment effects and may provide insight on the optimal duration of future clinical trials and grace periods. This improves on the limitation of commonly used parametric (e.g., linear) methods that cannot capture nonlinear temporal trends in the data.
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[Effects of Bushen Huoxue Fang on rat cardiac fibroblast proliferation and collagen production in vitro].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
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To investigate the effects of Bushen Huoxue Fang on the proliferation of rat cardiac fibroblasts and collagen production in the cells.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.