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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A 48-week study of fat molecular alterations in HIV naive patients starting tenofovir/emtricitabine with lopinavir/ritonavir or efavirenz.
J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2014
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Conflicting reports on the effects of efavirenz (EFV) and lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) on subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) have been described.
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Intravitreal docosahexaenoic acid in a rabbit model: preclinical safety assessment.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the retinal toxicity of a single dose of intravitreal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in rabbit eyes over a short-term period.
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Effects of switching from stavudine to raltegravir on subcutaneous adipose tissue in HIV-infected patients with HIV/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS). A clinical and molecular study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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HIV-1/HAART-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) has been associated with exposure to stavudine (d4T) through mitochondrial dysfunction. We performed a 48-week study to assess the effects of switching from d4T to raltegravir (RAL) on metabolic and fat molecular parameters of patients with HALS. Forty-two patients with HALS and a median exposure to d4T > 7 years were switched to RAL and followed for 48 weeks. Fasting metabolic tests, HIV RNA, CD4 cell count, and fat measured by DEXA were obtained at baseline and week 48. mtDNA and gene transcripts for PPAR gamma, adiponectin, cytochrome b, Cox IV, TNF alpha, MCP-1 and CD68 were assessed in paired subcutaneous fat tissue biopsies. Lipid parameters, fasting glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR did not change significantly. Whole body fat (P?=?0.0027) and limb fat mass (P<0.0001) increased from baseline. Trunk/limb fat ratio (P?=?0.0022), fat mass ratio (P?=?0.0020), fat mass index (P?=?0.0011) and percent leg fat normalized to BMI (P<0.0001) improved after 48 weeks. Relative abundance of mtDNA, expression of PPAR gamma, adiponectin, Cyt b, and MCP-1 genes increased, whereas Cox IV, TNF alpha, and CD68 did not change significantly from baseline. Switching from d4T to RAL in patients with HALS is associated with an increase in limb fat mass and an improvement in markers of adipocyte differentiation and mitochondrial function in SAT.
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Resistin and visfatin in steatotic and non-steatotic livers in the setting of partial hepatectomy under ischemia-reperfusion.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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This study examined whether the regulation of resistin and visfatin could reduce damage and improve regeneration in both steatotic and non-steatotic livers undergoing partial hepatectomy under ischemia-reperfusion, a procedure commonly applied in clinical practice to reduce bleeding.
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Association of thymidylate synthase polymorphisms with acute pancreatitis and/or peripheral neuropathy in HIV-infected patients on stavudine-based therapy.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2013
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Low expression thymidylate synthase (TS) polymorphism has been associated with increased stavudine triphosphate intracellular (d4T-TP) levels and the lipodystrophy syndrome. The use of d4T has been associated with acute pancreatitis and peripheral neuropathy. However, no relationship has ever been proved between TS polymorphisms and pancreatitis and/or peripheral neuropathy.
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Polymorphisms of Pyrimidine Pathway Enzymes Encoding Genes and HLA-B*40?01 Carriage in Stavudine-Associated Lipodystrophy in HIV-Infected Patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To assess in a cohort of Caucasian patients exposed to stavudine (d4T) the association of polymorphisms in pyrimidine pathway enzymes and HLA-B*40?01 carriage with HIV/Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS).
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Targeting nanosystems to human DCs via Fc receptor as an effective strategy to deliver antigen for immunotherapy.
Mol. Pharm.
PUBLISHED: 12-20-2010
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Dendritic cells (DCs) are increasingly being explored as cellular vaccines for tumor immunotherapy, since they provide an effective system of antigen presentation both in vitro and in vivo. An additional advantage of this cell type is that it is possible to target specific antigens through the activation of receptors, such as FcR (the receptor for the IgG Fc fragment) and TLR (toll-like Receptor). Thus, the uptake capacity of DCs can be improved, thereby increasing antigen presentation. This, in turn, would lead to an enhanced immune response, and, in some instances, the tolerance/anergy of immune effector cells present in cancer patients could be reverted. Here we studied various nanotargeting systems, including liposomes and gold nanoparticles of a peptide-based immunotherapeutic vaccine for the treatment of androgen-responsive prostate cancer. Building blocks of the immunogenic peptide consisted of the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH), also known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) peptide (B- and T-cell epitope), in tandem with a T-helper epitope corresponding to the 830-844 region of tetanus toxoid. Three new peptides with several modifications at the N-terminal (palmitoyl, acetyl, and FITC) were synthesized. These peptides also contained a Cys as C-terminal residue to facilitate grafting onto gold nanoparticles. To target different antigen formulations to human DCs, the Fc was activated with a cross-linking spacer to generate a free thiol group and thus facilitate conjugation onto gold nanoparticles, liposomes, and peptide. Our results show that gold nanoparticles and liposomes targeted to FcRs of human DCs are effective antigen delivery carriers and induce a strong immune response with respect to nontargeted LHRH-TT-nanoparticle conjugates and a superior response to that of naked antigens. In addition, dual labeling using gold and FITC-peptide allowed DC tracking by flow cytometry as well as transmission electron microscopy. Nanoparticles were observed to show a homogeneous distribution throughout the cytoplasm. These results open up a new approach to the development of a novel strategy for cancer vaccines.
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Reduced levels of serum FGF19 and impaired expression of receptors for endocrine FGFs in adipose tissue from HIV-infected patients.
J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
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To determine the role of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-19 and FGF21 and the endocrine FGFs receptor system in the metabolic alterations that manifest in HIV-1-infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART).
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Targeting nanoparticles to dendritic cells for immunotherapy.
Meth. Enzymol.
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Dendritic cells (DCs) are key players in the initiation of adaptive immune responses and are currently exploited in immunotherapy for treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Development of targeted nanodelivery systems carrying vaccine components, including antigens and adjuvants, to DCs in vivo represents a promising strategy to enhance immune responses. Delivering particulate vaccines specifically to DCs and preventing nonspecific uptake by other endocytotic cells are challenging. Size represents a critical parameter determining whether particulate vaccines can penetrate lymph nodes and reach resident DCs. Specific delivery is further enhanced by actively targeting DC-specific receptors. This chapter discusses the rationale for the use of particle-based vaccines and provides an overview of antigen-delivery vehicles currently under investigation. In addition, we discuss how vaccine delivery systems may be developed, focusing on liposomes, PLGA polymers, and gold nanoparticles, to obtain safe and efficacious vaccines.
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Effects of rilpivirine on human adipocyte differentiation, gene expression, and release of adipokines and cytokines.
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
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Rilpivirine is a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) recently developed as a drug of choice for initial antiretroviral treatment of HIV-1 infection. Disturbances in lipid metabolism and, ultimately, in adipose tissue distribution and function are common concerns as secondary effects of antiretroviral treatment. Efavirenz, the most commonly used NNRTI, causes mild dyslipidemic effects in patients and strongly impaired adipocyte differentiation in vitro. In this study, we provide the first demonstration of the effects of rilpivirine on human adipocyte differentiation, gene expression, and release of regulatory proteins (adipokines and cytokines) and compare them with those caused by efavirenz. Rilpivirine caused a repression of adipocyte differentiation that was associated with impaired expression of the master adipogenesis regulators peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR?), CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBP?), and sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1 (SREBP-1) and their target genes encoding lipoprotein lipase and the adipokines leptin and adiponectin. Rilpivirine also repressed adiponectin release by adipocytes, but only at high concentrations, and did not alter leptin release. Rilpivirine induced the release of proinflammatory cytokines (interleukin-6 and -8, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 [MCP-1], plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 [PAI-1]) only at very high concentrations (10 ?M). A comparison of the effects of rilpivirine and efavirenz at the same concentration (4 ?M) or even at lower concentrations of efavirenz (2 ?M) showed that rilpivirine-induced impairment of adipogenesis and induction of proinflammatory cytokine expression and release were systematically milder than those of efavirenz. It is concluded that rilpivirine causes an antiadipogenic and proinflammatory response pattern, but only at high concentrations, whereas efavirenz causes similar effects at lower concentrations.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.