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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Four-Component Bicyclization Approaches to Skeletally Diverse Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine Derivatives.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-04-2014
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A novel four-component bicyclization strategy has been established, allowing a flexible and practical approach to 37 examples of multicyclic pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines from low-cost and readily accessible arylglyoxals, pyrazol-5-amines, aromatic amines, 4-hydroxy-6-methyl-2H-pyran-2-one, and cyclohexane-1,3-diones. The polysubstituted cyclopenta[d]pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines were stereoselectively synthesized through a microwave-assisted special [3+2+1]/[3+2] bicyclization with good control of the spatial configuration of exocyclic double bonds. The novel [3+2+1]/[2+2+1] bicyclization resulted in 17 examples of unreported pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyrrolo[4,3,2-de]quinolones. Reasonable mechanisms for forming two new types of multicyclic pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridines are also proposed.
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[Study on method and its optimization of improving seed germination of Astragalus membranaceus as gansu traditional medicinal herb].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
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To break the hard testa and improve seed germination situation of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus, in order to solve the problems of low success rate of seed germination and seedling.
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TGF-?1 Protein Expression in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers is Correlated with Prognosis.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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To investigate the expression intensity and prognostic significance of TGF-?1 protein in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), immunohistochemistry was carried out in 194 cases of NSCLC and 24 cases of normal lung tissues by SP methods. The PU (positive unit) value was used to assess the TGF-?1 protein expression in systematically selected fields under the microscope with Leica Q500MC image analysis. We found that the TGF-?1 PU value was nearly two-fold higher in NSCLC than in normal lung tissues (p=0.000), being associated with TNM stages (p=0.000) and lymph node metastases (p=0.000), but not to patient age, gender, smoking history, tumor differentiation, histological subtype and tumor location (P>0.05). Univariate analysis indicated that patients with high TGF-?1 protein expression and lymph node metastases demonstrated a poor prognosis (both p=0.000, ). Multivariate analysis showed that TGF-?1 protein expression (RR = 2.565, p=0.002) and lymph node metastases (RR=1.874, p= 0.030) were also independent prognostic factors. Thus, TGF-?1 protein expression may be correlated to oncogenesis and serve as an independent prognostic biomarker for NSCLC.
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Selective sulfonylation and diazotization of indoles.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2014
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A metal-free synthesis of bifunctionalized indole derivatives was developed through a novel TBHP/TBAI-mediated oxidative coupling of C2,C3-unsubstituted indoles with arylsulfonyl hydrazide. Under the same conditions C3-methyl substituted indoles underwent a diazotization process, affording 2-sulfonyldiazenyl-1H-indoles. The former reaction simultaneously established C-S and C-N bonds through selective sulfonylation and diazotization of the indole framework, enabling a mild and practical access to polyfunctionalized indoles with good to excellent yields.
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Losartan inhibits LPS + ATP-induced IL-1beta secretion from mouse primary macrophages by suppressing NALP3 inflammasome.
Pharmazie
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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IL-1beta is a potent proinflammatory, pro-fibrogenetic and pro-athrosclerosis cytokine which has been shown to play an important role in an expanding number of noninfectious, chronic inflammatory conditions including cardiovascular disease, renal fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis and even type 2 diabetes. Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist widely used for the treatment of hypertension, diabetic nephropathy and congestive heart failure. In this study, we attempted to clarify whether losartan has an inhibitory effect on IL-1beta. To further elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the anti-IL-1beta property of losartan, we studied the LPS+ATP-induced activation of NALP3 inflammasome which controls the muturation and secretion of IL-1beta.
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[Mechanism exploration on synthesis of secondary metabolites in Sorbus aucuparia cell cultures treated with yeast extract].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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Suspension cultures cell of Sorbus aucuparia (SASC) was used as materials, the changes of physiological and biochemical indexes of SASC after treatment with yeast extract (YE) were detected, and the synthetic mechanism of secondary metabolites in SASC treated with YE was preliminarily explored. The results were as follows: under the assay conditions, SASC was induced to synthesize five biphenyl compounds, and these compounds content changed differently with induction time prolonging; YE treatment inhibited cell growth, the culture medium pH was gradually reduced after treatment; water-soluble protein content showed a trend of slow decline, which was significantly increased in YE treatment group (YE group) compared with the control group (CK group), the maximum relative content was 147.76% in contrast with CK group; both YE group and CK group were extracellular Ca2+ flow influx, but the YE group flow was significantly slow than CK group. The results indicate that YE induced the cells in a stress state, which was not conducive to the growth of cells and forced the cells to synthesize biphenyl compounds against external stress; water-soluble protein may serve as intracellular enzymes involved in the synthesis of compounds regulation; Ca2+ may as signal molecule mediate cell signal transduction respond to YE stress.
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Direct sensing of fluoride in aqueous solutions using a boronic acid based sensor.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2014
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Binding of the fluoride ion triggers aggregation of a pyreneboronic acid-catechol ensemble in acidic aqueous solutions, giving rise to intense excimer emission, allowing for sensitive fluoride ion sensing at ppm levels, with an apparent fluoride binding constant higher than 10(3) M(-1) which is unprecedented for boronic acid sensors in water.
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Three-Component Bicyclization Providing an Expedient Access to Pyrano[2',3':5,6]pyrano[2,3-b]pyridines and Its Derivatives.
ACS Comb Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2014
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A new three-component bicyclization for the efficient synthesis of a fused pyrano[2,3-b]pyridine library has been developed. The syntheses were achieved by reacting diverse C,O-containing nucleophiles, aldehydes, and 2-aminoprop-1-ene-1,1,3-tricarbonitrile under microwave irradiation, providing 50 examples of chemically and biomedically significant pyrano[2,3-b]pyridine analogues with the concomitant formation of two new rings and four ? bonds. This procedure features short reaction times, low-cost, and easily available starting materials, reliable scalability and mild reaction conditions, as well as operational simplicity.
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Neddylation pathway is up-regulated in human intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and serves as a potential therapeutic target.
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Therapeutic intervention in neddylation pathway is an emerging area for cancer treatment. Herein, we evaluated the clinical relevance and therapeutic potential of targeting this pathway in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Immunohistochemistry of neddylation pathway components in a cohort of 322 cases showed that E1 (NAE1 and UBA3) and E2 (UBC12) enzymes, as well as global NEDD8 conjugation, were upregulated in over 2/3 of human ICC. Notably, NAE1 was identified as an independent prognosticator for postoperative recurrence (P=0.009) and a combination of NEDD8 and NAE1 provided a better power for predicting patient clinical outcomes. In vitro treatment with MLN4924, a small-molecule NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor, led to a dose-dependent decrease of viability in both established and primary cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. Additionally, MLN4924 exhibited at least additive effect when combined with cisplatin. By blocking cullins neddylation, MLN4924 inactivated Cullin-Ring ligase (CRL) and caused the accumulation of CRL substrates that triggered cell cycle arrest, senescence or apoptosis. Meanwhile, MLN4924 was well-tolerated and significantly inhibited tumor growth in xenograft model of cholangiocarcinoma. Taken together, our findings indicated that upregulated neddylation pathway was involved in ICC progression and interference in this pathway could be a promising target for ICC therapy.
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Chemical constituents and insecticidal activities of the essential oil from Amomum tsaoko against two stored-product insects.
J Oleo Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2014
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The aim of this research was to determine the chemical constituents and toxicities of the essential oil derived from Amomum tsaoko Crevost et Lemarie fruits against Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Lasioderma serricorne (Fabricius). Essential oil of A. tsaoko was obtained from hydrodistillation and was investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). GC-MS analysis of the essential oil resulted in the identification of 43 components, of which eucalyptol (23.87%), limonene (22.77%), 2-isopropyltoluene (6.66%) and undecane (5.74%) were the major components. With a further isolation, two active constituents were obtained from the essential oil and identified as eucalyptol and limonene. The essential oil and the two isolated compounds exhibited potential insecticidal activities against two storedproduct insects. Limonene showed pronounced contact toxicity against both insect species (LD50 = 14.97 ?g/adult for T. castaneum; 13.66 ?g/adult for L. serricorne) and was more toxic than eucalyptol (LD50 = 18.83 ?g/adult for T. castaneum; 15.58 ?g/adult for L. serricorne). The essential oil acting against the two species of insects showed LD50 values of 16.52 and 6.14 ?g/adult, respectively. Eucalyptol also possessed strong fumigant toxicity against both insect species (LC50 = 5.47 mg/L air for T. castaneum; 5.18 mg/L air for L. serricorne) and was more toxic than limonene (LC50 = 6.21 mg/L air for T. castaneum; 14.07 mg/L air for L. serricorne), while the crude essential oil acting against the two species of insects showed LC50 values of 5.85 and 8.70 mg/L air, respectively. These results suggested that the essential oil of A. tsaoko and the two compounds may be used in grain storage to combat insect pests.
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Tuftsin-based, EGFR-targeting fusion protein and its enediyne-energized analog show high antitumor efficacy associated with CD47 down-regulation.
Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
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Tuftsin (TF) is an immunomodulator tetrapeptide (Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg) that binds to the receptor neuropilin-1 (Nrp1) on the surface of cells. Many reports have described anti-tumor activity of tuftsin to relate with nonspecific activation of the host immune system. Lidamycin (LDM) that displays extremely potent cytotoxicity to cancer cells is composed of an apoprotein (LDP) and an enediyne chromophore (AE). In addition, Ec is an EGFR-targeting oligopeptide. In the present study, LDP was used as protein scaffold and the specific carrier for the highly potent AE. Genetically engineered fusion proteins LDP-TF and Ec-LDP-TF were prepared; then, the enediyne-energized fusion protein Ec-LDM-TF was generated by integration of AE into Ec-LDP-TF. The tuftsin-based fusion proteins LDP-TF and Ec-LDP-TF significantly enhanced the phagocytotic activity of macrophages as compared with LDP (P < 0.05). Ec-LDP-TF effectively bound to tumor cells and macrophages; furthermore, it markedly suppressed the growth of human epidermoid carcinoma A431 xenograft in athymic mice by 84.2 % (P < 0.05) with up-regulated expression of TNF-? and IFN-?. Ec-LDM-TF further augmented the therapeutic efficacy, inhibiting the growth of A431 xenograft by 90.9 % (P < 0.05); notably, the Ec-LDM-TF caused marked down-regulation of CD47 in A431 cells. Moreover, the best therapeutic effect was recorded in the group of animals treated with the combination of Ec-LDP-TF with Ec-LDM-TF. The results suggest that tuftsin-based, enediyne-energized, and EGFR-targeting fusion proteins exert highly antitumor efficacy with CD47 modulation. Tuftsin-based fusion proteins are potentially useful for treatment of EGFR- and CD47-overexpressing cancers.
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Cytotoxic compounds isolated from Murraya tetramera Huang.
Molecules
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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A new compound and seven known compounds were isolated from Murraya tetramera Huang for the first time, and they were identified with NMR and MS spectral analysis. It was confirmed that the new compound was 10-methoxy-7-methyl-2H-benzo[g]chromen-2-one (3) and the others were ?-eudesmol (1), trans-3?-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-8a?-methyl-5-methylenedecalin-2-one (2), 5,7-dimethoxy-8-[(Z)-3'-methyl-butan-1',3'-dienyl]coumarin (4), 7-geranyloxy-6-methoxycoumarin (5), 5,7-dimethoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-oxo-butyl)coumarin (6), murrangatin acetate (7) and toddalenone (8). Furthermore, the cytotoxic activity against human lung adenocarcinoma (A549), human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (SMMC-7721), human bladder tumor cells (EJ), human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa), and human B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia 1 cells (BALL-1) was evaluated for all compounds. It was found that five of them displayed various degrees of cytotoxicity against different testing targets. Compound 1 showed significant cytotoxic activity against the five cell lines (A549, SMMC-7721, EJ, Hela and BALL-1). Compounds 2 and 5 showed significant cytotoxicity against three cell lines (A549, SMMC-7721 and BALL-1). Compound 4 showed significant cytotoxicity against three cell lines (A549, EJ and BALL-1). However, compound 3 only showed fair cytotoxicity against the BALL-1 cell line. The structure-active relationships were investigated as well. These active compounds might be potential lead compounds for the treatment of cancer.
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One new alkaloid from Chelidonium majus L.
Nat. Prod. Res.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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One new alkaloid, together with 10 known compounds were isolated from the aerial parts of Chelidonium majus L. by repeated silica gel column chromatography. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical and spectroscopic data. Among them, 6-acetonyldihydrochelerythrine (4), 6-acetonyldihydrosanguinarine (5), 6-ketenesanguinarine (6), demethylchelerythrine (7) and demethylsanguinarine (11) were isolated for the first time from this plant. Compound 6 was identified as a new compound. These compounds were screened for cytotoxicity against human non-small lung carcinoma (H1299), breast cancer (MCF-7) and liver cancer (SMMC-7721). In a series of cytotoxic tests, compounds 9 and 10 displayed potent cytotoxic activity against H1299, MCF-7 and SMMC-7721, with the IC50 values of 8.16-35.25 ?g/mL.
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Rapid production of novel pre-microRNA agent hsa-mir-27b in Escherichia coli using recombinant RNA technology for functional studies in mammalian cells.
Drug Metab. Dispos.
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2014
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Noncoding microRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) have been revealed as critical epigenetic factors in the regulation of various cellular processes, including drug metabolism and disposition. However, research on miRNA functions is limited to the use of synthetic RNA and recombinant DNA agents. Herein, we show that novel pre-miRNA-27b (miR-27b) agents can be biosynthesized in Escherichia coli using recombinant RNA technology, and recombinant transfer RNA (tRNA)/mir-27b chimera was readily purified to a high degree of homogeneity (>95%) using anion-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography. The tRNA-fusion miR-27b was revealed to be processed to mature miRNA miR-27b in human carcinoma LS-180 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Moreover, recombinant tRNA/miR-27b agents were biologically active in reducing the mRNA and protein expression levels of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), which consequently led to lower midazolam 1'-hydroxylase activity. These findings demonstrate that pre-miRNA agents can be produced by recombinant RNA technology for functional studies.
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SDF-1/CXCR4 promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition and progression of colorectal cancer by activation of the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2014
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Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and its receptor, CXCR4, play an important role in angiogenesis and are associated with tumor progression. This study aimed to investigate the role of SDF-1/CXCR4-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as the underlying mechanisms. The data showed that expression of CXCR4 and ?-catenin mRNA and protein was significantly higher in CRC tissues than in distant normal tissues. CXCR4 expression was associated with ?-catenin expression in CRC tissues, whereas high CXCR4 expression was strongly associated with low E-cadherin, high N-cadherin, and high vimentin expression, suggesting a cross talk between the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis and Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway in CRC. In vitro, SDF-1 induced CXCR4-positive colorectal cancer cell invasion and EMT by activation of the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway. In contrast, SDF-1/CXCR4 axis activation-induced colorectal cancer invasion and EMT was effectively inhibited by the Wnt signaling pathway inhibitor Dickkopf-1. In conclusion, CXCR4-promoted CRC progression and EMT were regulated by the Wnt/?-catenin signaling pathway. Thus, targeting of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis could have clinical applications in suppressing CRC progression.
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Removing residual DNA from Vero-cell culture-derived human rabies vaccine by using nuclease.
Biologicals
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2014
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The clearance of host cell DNA is a critical indicator for Vero-cell culture-derived rabies vaccine. In this study, we evaluated the clearance of DNA in Vero-cell culture-derived rabies vaccine by purification process utilizing ultrafiltration, nuclease digestion, and gel filtration chromatography. The results showed that the bioprocess of using nuclease decreased residual DNA. Dot-blot hybridization analysis showed that the residual host cell DNA was <100 pg/ml in the final product. The residual nuclease in rabies vaccine was less than 0.1 ng/ml protein. The residual nuclease could not paly the biologically active role of digestion of DNA. Experiments of stability showed that the freeze-drying rabies virus vaccine was stable and titers were >5.0 IU/ml. Immunogenicity test and protection experiments indicated mice were greatly induced generation of neutralizing antibodies and invoked protective effects immunized with intraperitoneal injections of the rabies vaccine. These results demonstrated that the residual DNA was removed from virus particles and nuclease was removed by gel filtration chromatography. The date indicated that technology was an efficient method to produce rabies vaccine for human use by using nuclease.
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Bioactivity of essential oil of Artemisia argyi Lévl. et Van. and its main compounds against Lasioderma serricorne.
J Oleo Sci
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2014
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Artemisia argyi Lévl. et Van., a perennial herb with a strong volatile odor, is widely distrbuted in the world. Essential oil obtained from Artemisia argyi was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 32 components representing 91.74% of the total oil were identified and the main compounds in the oil were found to be eucalyptol (22.03%), ?-pinene (14.53%), ?-caryophyllene (9.24%) and (-)-camphor (5.45%). With a further isolation, four active constituents were obtained from the essential oil and identified as eucalyptol, ?-pinene, ?-caryophyllene and camphor. The essential oil and the four isolated compounds exhibited potential bioactivity against Lasioderma serricorne adults. In the progress of assay, it showed that the essential oil, camphor, eucalyptol, ?-caryophyllene and ?-pinene exhibited strong contact toxicity against L. serricorne adults with LD50 values of 6.42, 11.30, 15.58, 35.52, and 65.55 ?g/adult, respectively. During the fumigant toxicity test, the essential oil, eucalyptol and camphor showed stronger fumigant toxicity against L. serricorne adults than ?-pinene (LC50 = 29.03 mg/L air) with LC50 values of 8.04, 5.18 and 2.91 mg/L air. Moreover, the essential oil, eucalyptol, ?-pinene and camphor also exhibited the strong repellency against L. serricorne adults, while, ?-caryophyllene exhibited attracting activity relative to the positive control, DEET. The study revealed that the bioactivity properties of the essential oil can be attributed to the synergistic effects of its diverse major and minor components. The results indicate that the essential oil of A. argyi and the isolated compounds have potential to be developed into natural insecticides, fumigants or repellents in controlling insects in stored grains and traditional Chinese medicinal materials.
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Developmental Validation of the AGCU 21+1 STR Kit: a Novel Multiplex Assay for Forensic Application.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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In this study, we describe the developmental validation assay performed on a novel designed short tandem repeat multiplex system, AGCU 21+1 STR kit. This kit contains a sex-determining locus Amelogenin and 21 non-Combined DNA Index System STR loci, i.e., D6S474, D12ATA63, D22S1045, D10S1248, D1S1677, D11S4463, D1S1627, D3S4529, D2S441, D6S1017, D4S2408, D19S433, D17S1301, D1GATA113, D18S853, D20S482, D14S1434, D9S1122, D2S1776, D10S1435 and D5S2500. The 21+1 kit was validated by a series of tests including optimized PCR conditions, sensitivity, precision and accuracy, stutter ratio, DNA mixture, inhibitors and species specificity according to the revised validation guidelines issued by the Scientific Working Group on DNA Analysis Methods. Our results in this study showed that the kit was a useful tool for forensic application. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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The protective mechanism of schisandrin A in d-galactosamine-induced acute liver injury through activation of autophagy.
Pharm Biol
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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The principal bioactive lignan of Schisandra chinensis fructus, commonly used for traditional Chinese medicine, is schisandrin A. Schisandrin A has been widely reported as being very effective for the treatment of liver disease. However, the mechanisms of its protective effects in liver remain unclear.
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PPAR? Agonist Fenofibrate Ameliorates Learning and Memory Deficits in Rats Following Global Cerebral Ischemia.
Mol. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2014
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Increasing evidence demonstrates that local inflammation contributes to neuronal death following cerebral ischemia. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) activation has been reported to exhibit many pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of PPAR? agonist fenofibrate on the behavioral dysfunction induced by global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (GCI/R) injury in rats. The present study showed that fenofibrate treatment significantly reduced hippocampal neuronal death, and improved memory impairment and hippocampal neurogenesis after GCI/R. Fenofibrate administration also inhibited GCI/R-induced over-activation of microglia but not astrocytes and prevented up-regulations of pro-inflammatory mediators in hippocampus. Further study demonstrated that treatment with fenofibrate suppressed GCI/R-induced activations of P65 NF-?B and P38 MAPK. Our data suggest that the PPAR? agonist fenofibrate can exert functional recovery of memory deficits and neuroprotective effect against GCI/R in rats via triggering of neurogenesis and anti-inflammatory effect mediated by inhibiting activation of P65 NF-?B and P38 MAPK in the hippocampus, which can contribute to improvement in neurological deficits.
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MR diffusion tensor imaging of normal kidneys.
J Magn Reson Imaging
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2014
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To assess the feasibility of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of normal kidneys and the influence of hydration state.
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Differentiation of noncalculous periampullary obstruction: comparison of CT with negative-contrast CT cholangiopancreatography versus MRI with MR cholangiopancreatography.
Eur Radiol
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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The purpose of this study was to compare CT with negative-contrast CT cholangiopancreatography (nCTCP) using subvolume minimum intensity projection (MinIP) versus MRI with MRCP in differentiating noncalculous periampullary obstruction.
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Genotype-Phenotype Correlations in Severe Acne in a Han Chinese Population.
Dermatology (Basel)
PUBLISHED: 04-28-2014
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Background: Two novel susceptibility gene loci (1q24.2 and 11p11.2) for severe acne have been identified in a genome-wide association study of a Han Chinese population. Objective: The current study investigated the relationships of these gene loci with clinical phenotypes, including onset age, atrophic scarring, hypertrophic scarring and family history. Furthermore, we investigated the correlations between these four clinical phenotypes. Methods: We used the ?(2) test to compare the allele frequency among the different clinical phenotypes. We calculated Spearman's correlation coefficient to measure the relationship between the different clinical phenotypes. Results: We identified significant associations between the 11p11.2 locus and disease family history (p < 0.05). We also determined that hypertrophic scarring was moderately correlated with atrophic scarring (rs = 0.315). Conclusions: This study suggests that the susceptibility gene locus 11p11.2 may contribute to the complex phenotypes of severe acne, particularly in cases of hereditary severe acne, whereas there are also correlations between the different phenotypes. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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[Effects of land use and abandonment on soil labile organic carbon in the Karst region of southwest China].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 04-12-2014
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Effects of land use and land abandonment on labile organic carbon (LOC) in whole soils and different aggregate sizes were studied by sampling analysis of the soils in some typical land uses of the Karst region, southwest China. Results showed that the content and degree of dispersion of labile organic carbon decreased with soil depth, and the content of LOC was highly significant (P < 0.01) in 0-10 cm than in 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm. In the 0-10 cm soil layer, the content of LOC distribution in different aggregates was higher in the < 0.25 mm size, while no obvious changes of LOC among aggregates were found in the 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm depths. In different land use patterns, the LOC was the highest in paddy whether in whole soils or aggregates, followed by shrub, and the lowest in abandoned 3 years grassland. Within-between principal component analysis showed that the accumulation characters between land use and LOC were in the order of paddy > shrub > abandoned 15 years grassland = dry land > abandoned 3 years grassland, the content of LOC increased by 20.3% as compared to dryland, and had reached 80% of the content of shrub in abandoned 15 years grassland at the 0-10 cm depth, indicating that at the early stage of land abandonment, the natural recovery of carbon is relatively slow, while with the abandonment time increase, the carbon sink effect gradually appear.
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Recombinant murine fibroblast growth factor 21 ameliorates obesity-related inflammation in monosodium glutamate-induced obesity rats.
Endocrine
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2014
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The aim of this study is to investigate the role of FGF21 in obesity-related inflammation in livers of monosodium glutamate (MSG)-induced obesity rats. The MSG rats were injected with recombinant murine fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) or equal volumes of vehicle. Metabolic parameters including body weight, Lee's index, food intake, visceral fat and liver weight, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance, glucose, and lipid levels were dynamically measured at specific time points. Liver function and routine blood test were also analyzed. Further, systemic inflammatory cytokines such as glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1), leptin, TNF-?, and IL-6 mRNAs were determined by real-time PCR. FGF21 independently decreased body weight and whole-body fat mass without reducing food intake in the MSG rats. FGF21 reduced blood glucose level, Lee's index, visceral fat, and liver weight, and improved glucose tolerance, lipid metabolic spectrum, and hepatic steatosis in the MSG-obesity rats. Liver function parameters including AST, ALT, ALP, TP, T.Bili, and D.Bili levels significantly reduced in the FGF21-treated obesity rats compared to the controls. Further, FGF21 ameliorated the total and differential white blood cell (WBC) count, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, and TNF-? levels in adipose tissues of the obesity rats, suggesting inflammation amelioration in the in the obesity rats by FGF21. FGF21 improves multiple metabolic disorders and ameliorates obesity-related inflammation in the MSG-induced obesity rats.
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Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 24 Y-chromosomal STR in Chinese Hui ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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In the present study, 24 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci were analyzed in 115 unrelated Hui male individuals from Haiyuan county or Tongxin county, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, to evaluate the forensic application of the 24 STR loci and to analyze interpopulation differentiations by making comparisons between the Hui group data and previously published data of other 13 populations. A total of 115 different haplotypes were observed on these 24 Y-STR loci. The gene diversities ranged from 0.4049 (DYS437) to 0.9729 (DYS385a, b). The overall haplotype diversity was 1 at AGCU 24 Y-STR loci level, while the values were reduced to 0.999237, 0.996949, and 0.996644 at the Y-filer 17 loci, 11 Y-STR loci of extended haplotype and 9 Y-STR loci of minimal haplotype levels, respectively; whereas, haplotype diversity for additional 7 loci (not included in Y-filer 17 loci) was 0.995271. The pairwise FST , multidimensional scaling plot and neighbor-joining tree indicated the Hui group had the closest genetic relationship with Sala in the paternal lineage in the present study. In summary, the results in our study indicated the 24 Y-STRs had a high level of polymorphism in Hui group and hence could be a powerful tool for forensic application and population genetic study.
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No association between Y chromosomal haplogroups and severe acne in the Han Chinese population.
J. Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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Severe acne presents sexual dimorphism in its incidence in Chinese population. It is more prevalent in males. To assess the possible Y chromosomal contribution to severe acne risk in Han Chinese males, we analyzed 2041 Y chromosomal SNPs (Y-SNPs) in 725 severe acne cases and 651 controls retrieved from our recent genome-wide association study data. After data filtering, we assigned 585 cases and 494 controls into 12 Y chromosomal haplogroups based on 307 high-confidence Y-SNPs. No statistically significant difference in the distribution of Y chromosomal haplogroup frequencies was observed between the case and control groups. Our results showed a lack of association between the incidence of severe acne and the different Y chromosomal haplogroup in the Han Chinese population.
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Structural polymorphism analysis of Chinese Mongolian ethnic group revealed by a new STR panel: genetic relationship to other groups.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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Mongolian is the eighth largest ethnic minority on Chinese population data according to the 2010 census. In the present study, we presented the first report about the allelic frequencies and forensic statistical parameters at the 21 new STRs and analyzed linkage disequilibrium of pairwise loci in the Mongolian ethnic minority, China. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium tests demonstrated no significant deviations except for the D1S1627 locus. The cumulative power of discrimination and power of exclusion of all the loci are 0.9999999999999999992576 and 0.9999997528, respectively. The results of analysis of molecular variance showed that significant differences between the Mongolian and the other eight populations were found at 1-9 STR loci. In population genetics, the results of principal component analysis, structure analysis, and phylogenetic reconstruction analysis indicated shorter genetic distance between the Mongolian group and the Ningxia Han. All the results suggest that the 21 new STR loci will contribute to Chinese population genetics and forensic caseworks in the Mongolian group.
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Primary ectopic atypical meningioma in the renal hilum: a case report.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2014
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Primary ectopic atypical meningioma involving the renal hilum is rare. This is, to our knowledge, only the second case report of a primary retroperitoneal meningioma and the first case of an atypical subtype in this location.
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3T magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging in chronic kidney disease.
Abdom Imaging
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2014
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To investigate the relationship of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) values with renal function on 3T diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in chronic kidney disease.
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The Cyclic AMP-binding protein CbpB in Brucella melitensis and its role in cell envelope integrity, resistance to detergent and virulence.
FEMS Microbiol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-12-2014
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Brucella melitensis possesses an operon with two components: the response regulator OtpR and a putative cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit encoded by the BMEI0067 gene. In the previous study, the function of OtpR has been studied, while little is known about the function of the BMEI0067 gene. Using a bioinformatics approach, we showed that the BMEI0067 gene encodes an additional putative cAMP-binding protein, which we refer to as CbpB. Structural modeling predicted that CbpB has a cAMP-binding protein (CAP) domain and is structurally similar to eukaryotic protein kinase A regulatory subunits. Here, we report the characterization of CbpB, a cAMP-binding protein in Brucella melitensis, showed to be involved in mouse persistent infections. ?cbpB::km possessed cell elongation, bubble-like protrusions on cell surface and its resistance to environmental stresses (temperature, osmotic stress and detergent). Interestingly, comparative real-time qPCR assays, the cbpB mutation resulted in significantly different expression of aqpX and several penicillin-binding proteins and cell division proteins in Brucella. Combined, these results demonstrated characterization of CbpB in B. melitensis and its key role for intracellular multiplication.
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Use of statin during hospitalization improves the outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage.
CNS Neurosci Ther
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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To examine the relationship between statin use in Chinese patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) during their hospitalization and the outcomes.
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Diversity study of 12 X-chromosomal STR loci in Hui ethnic from China.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2014
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X-chromosomal STRs (X-STRs) have been used as complements of autosomal STR application in recent years. In this work, we present population genetic data of 12 X-STRs including DXS101, DXS10159, DXS10162, DXS10164, DXS6789, DXS7133, DXS7423, DXS7424, DXS8378, DXS981, GATA165B12, and GATA31E08 loci in a sample of 231 unrelated healthy individuals from the Hui ethnic group in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China. Allelic frequencies of the 12 X-STR loci and haplotypic frequencies of the reported linkage groups (DXS7424-DXS101 and DXS10159-DXS10164-DXS10162) were investigated in the group, respectively. No STR loci showed significant deviations from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibriums and no linkage disequilibriums of pairwise loci were found after Bonferroni correction, respectively. A combined power of discrimination in female individuals was 0.999999999985 and that in male individuals was 0.99999967, respectively. The combined mean exclusion chance in deficiency cases, normal trios and duo cases were 0.999934, 0.995754, and 0.999796, respectively. Significant differences were observed from 0 to 8 loci, when making comparisons between the data of Hui ethnic group and previously reported data from other 16 populations. The results indicated the new panel of 12 X-STR loci might be useful for forensic science application.
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Adoptive transfer of pregnancy-induced CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells reverses the increase in abortion rate caused by interleukin 17 in the CBA/JxBALB/c mouse model.
Hum. Reprod.
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2014
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Could adoptive transfer of pregnancy-induced CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) reverse the increase in abortion rate caused by interleukin 17 (IL-17) in the CBA/J × BALB/c mouse model?
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[The profile of IGF2R gene expression and H3 histone modifications in replicative cell senescence].
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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To study the profile of IGF2R expression and histone modifications in replicative cell senescence.
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Differential diagnosis of periampullary carcinomas: comparison of CT with negative-contrast CT cholangiopancreatography versus MRI with MR cholangiopancreatography.
Abdom Imaging
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2014
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Negative-contrast CT cholangiopancreatography (nCTCP) has been introduced into clinical practice recently. In the present study, we compared CT with nCTCP vs. MRI with MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for the differential diagnosis of periampullary carcinomas.
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Expression and significance of the novel tumor-suppressor gene SMG-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2014
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Recent studies have demonstrated that SMG-1, a newly characterized member of the family of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related protein kinases (PIKKs), is involved in tumorigenesis as a new tumor suppressor. However, its expression and significance in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain obscure. The present study investigated SMG-1 expression in HCC tissue specimens, aimed at defining the association with clinicopathological significance. Both immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR were employed to analyze SMG-1 expression in 157 HCC and corresponding distant normal tissue specimens. The results revealed that expression of SMG-1 was significantly lower in the HCC tissue specimens than that in the distant normal tissues. Moreover, a lower expression level of SMG-1 was significantly correlated with serum ?-fetoprotein level (P=0.001), poorly differentiated tumors (P=0.009) and more advanced TNM stage (P<0.001). Further study showed that SMG-1 expression was exactly associated with tumor differentiation and clinical stage in HCC. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated that low SMG-1 expression was related to poor overall survival, and the prognostic impact of SMG-1 was further confirmed by stratified survival analysis. Importantly, multivariate analysis revealed that low SMG-1 expression was an independent prognostic marker for an unfavorable overall survival. We conclude that SMG-1 is downregulated in HCC and may represent a promising biomarker for predicting the prognosis of HCC, including the prognosis of early-stage patients.
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Fibroblast growth factor 21 expressions in white blood cells and sera of patients with gestational diabetes mellitus during gestation and postpartum.
Endocrine
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a recently discovered regulatory factor, plays an important role in glucose and lipid metabolism. In this study, we firstly found the FGF21 expression in white blood cells (WBCs). Then, we enrolled 51 women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and 50 pregnant women with normal blood glucose levels to determine the FGF21 levels in the WBCs and the sera at the 28th week of pregnancy, and tracked the dynamic changes of FGF21 in these women until the 7th day postpartum. Repeated Measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that there was a significant interaction effect between group and time on FGF21 levels (P < 0.05). FGF21 levels were significantly higher in the GDM patients than those in the controls at the 28th week of pregnancy. The 7th day after the delivery, the FGF21 levels decreased in the WBCs and the sera in both groups. The D values (the difference between pregnancy and postpartum) for FGF21 levels were significantly higher in the GDM group (P < 0.05). Serum FGF21 level during gestation positively correlated with leptin, triglyceride, and HDL-cholesterol, and FGF21 may act as a glucose and lipid metabolism compensatory regulatory factor to improve glucose and lipid metabolism during the period of pregnancy. Further, FGF21 level in the WBCs (during pregnancy and the D values for FGF21) was chiefly influenced by GDM.
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Valproic Acid Alleviates Memory Deficits and Attenuates Amyloid-? Deposition in Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
Mol. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2014
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In the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and transgenic AD mouse models, astrocytes and microglia activated by amyloid-? (A?) contribute to the inflammatory process that develops around injury in the brain. Valproic acid (VPA) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory function. The present study intended to explore the therapeutic effect of VPA on the neuropathology and memory deficits in APPswe/PS1?E9 (APP/PS1) transgenic mice. Here, we report that VPA-treated APP/PS1 mice markedly improved memory deficits and decreased A? deposition compared with the vehicle-treated APP/PS1 mice. Moreover, the extensive astrogliosis and microgliosis as well as the increased expression in interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) in the hippocampus and cortex of APP/PS1 transgenic mice were significantly reduced following administration of VPA, which attenuated neuronal degeneration. Concomitantly, VPA alleviated the levels of p65 NF-?B phosphorylation and enhanced the levels of acetyl-H3, Bcl-2, and phospho-glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3? that occurred in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 transgenic mice. These results demonstrate that VPA could significantly ameliorate spatial memory impairment and A? deposition at least in part via the inhibition of inflammation, suggesting that administration of VPA could provide a therapeutic approach for AD.
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High-level pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans var. melanogenium P16 isolated from mangrove system.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2014
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After over 100 strains of Aureobasidium spp. isolated from mangrove system were screened for their ability to produce exopolysaccharide (EPS), it was found that Aureobasidium pullulans var. melanogenium P16 strain among them could produce high level of EPS. Under the optimal conditions, 65.3 g/L EPS was produced by the P16 strain within 120 h at flask level. During 10-L batch fermentation, when the medium contained 120.0 g/L sucrose, 67.4 g/L of EPS and 23.1 g/L of cell dry weight in the culture were obtained within 120 h, leaving 0.78 g/L of reducing sugar and 11.4 g/L of total sugar in the fermented medium. It should be stressed that during the fermentation, no melanin was observed. After purification, the purified EPS was confirmed to be pullulan. This is the first time to report that A. pullulans var. melanogenium P16 strain isolated from the mangrove system can produce high level of pullulan.
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IL-10 Deficiency Increases Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury.
Nephron Exp. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Background: Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a frequent cause of acute kidney injury, which results in high morbidity and mortality. Inflammation is an important factor that is involved in kidney repair after renal IR injury. IL-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine that inhibits inflammatory pathways, but the role of IL-10 in repairing renal IR injury is not known. Here, we investigated the role of IL-10 in kidney repair after renal IR injury. Methods: We used an IL-10(-/-) mouse model and examined the serologic and histomorphology of kidney after IR injury. We also measured ki67, TNF-?, IL-6, and macrophages with immunohistochemistry or Western blotting. Results: There was a greater increase in serum creatinine in IL-10(-/-) mice than in wild-type (WT) mice. And compared with WT mice, IL-10(-/-) mice had increased histologic renal injury and decreased proliferation. Moreover, the expression of TNF-?, IL-6 and macrophages was clearly increased in IL-10(-/-) mice compared with the WT mice. Conclusion: These data reveal an important role for IL-10 in the improvement of renal IR injury, acting through suppression of inflammatory mediators, and that IL-10 would be a crucial target for the treatment of IR injury. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Direct conversion of inulin into cell lipid by an inulinase-producing yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides 2F5.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2014
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In this study, an inulinase-producing yeast strain 2F5 of Rhodosporidium toruloides was obtained. It was found that the yeast strain 2F5 could produce higher amount of oil from inulin and larger lipid bodies in its cells than any other yeast strains tested in this study. Under the optimal conditions, 62.14% (w/w) of lipid based on cell dry weight and 15.82g/l of the dry cell mass were produced from 6.0% (w/v) inulin at flask level, leaving 0.92% (w/v) of total sugar in the fermented medium. During 2-l fermentation, 70.36% (w/w) of lipid based on cell dry weight and 15.64g/l of the dry cell mass were produced from 6.0% (w/v) inulin. Over 99.09% of the fatty acids from the yeast strain 2F5 grown on inulin was C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 and C18:2, especially C18:1 (52.2%). The biodiesel prepared using the lipids produced by the yeast strain 2F5 could be burnt well.
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Two new susceptibility loci 1q24.2 and 11p11.2 confer risk to severe acne.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2014
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Severe acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by widespread inflammatory lesions including nodules, cysts and potential scarring. Here we perform the first genome-wide association study of severe acne in a Chinese Han population comprising 1,056 cases and 1,056 controls using the Illumina HumanOmniZhongHua-8 BeadChip. In an independent cohort of 1,860 cases and 3,660 controls of Chinese Han, we replicate 101 SNPs of which 3 showed consistent association. We identify two new susceptibility loci at 11p11.2 (DDB2, rs747650, P(combined)=4.41 × 10?? and rs1060573, P(combined)=1.28 × 10??) and 1q24.2 (SELL, rs7531806, P(combined)=1.20 × 10??) that are involved in androgen metabolism, inflammation processes and scar formation in severe acne. These results point to new genetic susceptibility factors and suggest several new biological pathways related to severe acne.
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Polymorphic distribution and forensic effectiveness study of eight miniSTR in Chinese Uyghur ethnic group.
Mol. Biol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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We obtained the allelic frequencies and forensic efficiency data for eight mini short tandem repeat loci including Penta E, D12S391, D6S1043, D2S1338, D19S433, CSF1PO, Penta D and D19S253 loci from a sample of 128 unrelated Uyghur individuals from China. The amplification products of the eight STR loci are <240 bp in size. A total of 94 alleles were observed and the corresponding allelic frequencies ranged from 0.0039 to 0.3438 in the present study. Observed genotype distributions for each locus do not show deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium expectations. The combined power of discrimination, combined power of exclusion and combined matching probability of the eight STR loci equaled to 0.999999999963373, 0.9997770 and 3.6627 × 10(-11), respectively. Because of the small fragment length of PCR products and the high degree of polymorphisms, the eight STR loci are highly beneficial for the forensic analysis of degraded DNA samples which are commonly observed in forensic cases. The STR data of the Uyghur group were compared with the previously published population STR data of other groups from different ethnic or areas, and significant differences were observed among these groups at some loci.
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miR-219 inhibits the growth and metastasis of TSCC cells by targeting PRKCI.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Tongue squamous cells carcinoma (TSCC) is the most common type in oral cancers. Recently, accumulating evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in tumorigenesis. Here, we demonstrated that miR-219 was significantly downregulated in TSCC tissues and cell lines. miR-219 overexpression remarkably suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion of TSCC cells. In addition, protein kinase CI (PRKCI) was identified as a target of miR-219, and overexpression of PRKCI could significantly attenuated the tumor suppressive effects of miR-219. Furthermore, PRKCI inversely correlates with miR-219 in TSCC tissues. Taken together, miR-219 inhibited growth and metastasis by targeting PRKCI and might be used as a potential target for the treatment of TSCC.
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Experimental comparison of the reproductive outcomes and early development of the offspring of rats given five common types of drinking water.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Tap water (unfiltered), filtered tap water and processed bottled water (purified water, artificial mineralized water, or natural water) are now the five most widely consumed types of drinking water in China. However, the constituents (organic chemicals and inorganic ingredients) of the five waters differ, which may cause them to have different long-term health effects on those who drink them, especially sensitive children. In order to determine which type of water among the five waters is the most beneficial regarding reproductive outcomes and the developmental behaviors of offspring, two generations of Sprague-Dawley rats were given these five waters separately, and their reproductive outcomes and the developmental behaviors of their offspring were observed and compared. The results showed that the unfiltered tap water group had the lowest values for the maternal gestation index (MGI) and offspring's learning and memory abilities (OLMA); the lowest offspring survival rate was found in the purified water group; and the highest OLMA were found in the filtered tap water group. Thus, the best reproductive and offspring early developmental outcomes were found in the group that drank filtered tap water, which had the lowest levels of pollutants and the richest minerals. Therefore, thoroughly removing toxic contaminants and retaining the beneficial minerals in drinking water may be important for both pregnant women and children, and the best way to treat water may be with granular activated carbon and ion exchange by copper zinc alloy.
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Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor is a robust enhancer of anticancer agents against hepatocellular carcinoma multicellular spheroids.
Onco Targets Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Celecoxib, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), was investigated for enhancement of chemotherapeutic efficacy in cancer clinical trials. This study aimed to determine whether celecoxib combined with 5-fluorouracil or sorafenib or gefitinib is beneficial in HepG2 multicellular spheroids (MCSs), as well as elucidate the underlying mechanisms.
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No association of four candidate genetic variants in MnSOD and SYNIII with Parkinson's disease in two Chinese populations.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene, which encodes a chief reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging enzyme, has been reported to be associated with the risk of developing sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) in some Asian races and the synapsin III (SYN3) gene with some neuropsychiatric diseases.
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TNF-308 G/A polymorphism and risk of acne vulgaris: a meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The -308 G/A polymorphism in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene has been implicated in the risk of acne vulgaris, but the results are inconclusive. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the overall association between the -308 G/A polymorphism and acne vulgaris risk.
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I2/O2-Promoted Domino Reactions of Isatins or 3-Hydroxyindolin-2-one Derivatives with Enaminones.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2013
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I2-promoted domino reactions of isatins or 3-hydroxyindolin-2-one derivatives with enaminones under O2 conditions have been established. The reactions of isatins with enaminones afforded functionalized tetracyclic pyrrolo[2,3,4-kl]acridine derivatives in moderate to good yields through domino cyclization and C-H oxidation. The reactions of 3-hydroxyindolin-2-one derivatives with enaminones proceeded well to give functionalized pyrrolo[2,3,4-kl]acridine derivatives via tandem ring-opening/recyclization/methyl migration sequences with two C-C bonds cleaved.
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Value of T cell receptor gamma alternate reading frame protein and keratin 5 in endometrial carcinoma.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2013
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Tumors with different gene expression develop and progress in different ways. To deepen our understanding of the progression in endometrial cancer, and provide a useful tool for accurate diagnosis and prognosis assessment, we identified the new molecular prognostic markers in endometrial carcinoma and analyzed the relationship of them with clinical and pathological features of endometrial carcinoma.
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[A three-dimensional finite element study on the reaction of different force values generated from maxillary protraction appliance].
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2013
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To analyse the stress distribution of temporomandibular joint(TMJ) and jaw and the displacement changes of each part from the reaction force generated from maxillary protraction appliance by establishing a craniomaxillofacial three-dimensional finite element model (3-D FEM).
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[Study on clinical effect enhancement of acupuncture for depression with chronic pain treated with SSRI antidepressants].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2013
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To compare the difference in the clinical efficacy on depression with chronic pain between the simple medication of selective serotonin uptake inhibition antidepressants (SSRIs) and the combined therapy of acupuncture and SSRIs.
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Activation of JNKs is essential for BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.
BMB Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2013
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Although BMP9 is highly capable of promoting osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs), the molecular mechanism involved remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we explore the possible involvement and detail role of JNKs (c-Jun N-terminal kinases) in BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. It was found that BMP9 stimulated the activation of JNKs in MSCs. BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of MSCs was dramatically inhibited by JNKs inhibitor SP600125. Moreover, BMP9-activated Smads signaling was decreased by SP600125 treatment in MSCs. The effects of inhibitor are reproduced with adenoviruses expressing siRNA targeted JNKs. Taken together, our results revealed that JNKs was activated in BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. What is most noteworthy, however, is that inhibition of JNKs activity resulted in reduction of BMP9-induced osteogenic differentiation of MSCs, implying that activation of JNKs is essential for BMP9 osteoinductive activity.
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Genetic profile characterization and population study of 21 autosomal STR in Chinese Kazak ethnic minority group.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2013
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Short tandem repeat loci have been recognized as useful tools in the routine forensic application and in recent decades, more and more new short tandem repeat (STR) loci have been constantly discovered, studied, and applied in forensic caseworks. In this study, we investigated the genetic polymorphisms of 21 STR loci in the Kazak ethnic minority as well as the genetic relationships between the Kazak ethnic minority and other populations. Allelic frequencies of 21 STR loci were obtained from 114 unrelated healthy Kazak individuals in the Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region of China. We observed a total of 159 alleles in the group with the allelic diversity values ranging from 0.0044 to 0.5088. The highest polymorphism was found at D19S433 locus and the lowest was found at D1S1627. Statistical analysis of the generated data indicated no deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibriums at all 21 STR loci. In order to estimate the population differentiation, allelic frequencies of all STR loci of the Kazak were compared with those of other neighboring populations using analysis of molecular variance method. Statistically significant differences were found between the studied population and other populations at 2-7 STR loci. A neighbor-joining tree was constructed based on allelic frequencies of the 21 STR loci and phylogenetic analysis indicates that the Kazak has a close genetic relationship with the Uigur ethnic group. The present results may provide useful information for forensic sciences and population genetics studies, and can also increase our understanding of the genetic background of this group. The present findings showed that all the 21 STR loci are highly genetically polymorphic in the Kazak group, which provided valuable population genetic data for the genetic information study, forensic human individual identification, and paternity tests.
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[The investigation of humic acid by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2013
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Humic acid (HA), which are organic compounds widely existing in the oceans, rivers and soil, has important significance for the environmental monitoring of soil and water. In this paper, ai ming at the problem of Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) applying for HA detection in water, the characteristics of the humic acid on silver colloids was studied by means of SERS. The influence of laser irradiation time, HA concentrations and pH value on the surface-enhanced effects of HA were investigated. The experimental results show that the SERS spectra of HA is ideal when the laser irradiation time between 20-30 min. The SERS of different HA concentrations was detected. It was found that the relative intensity at 1 379 cm(-1) increased as a linear function of the concentration of HA with correlation coefficient R2 of 0.993. The SERS of HA was found to be very sensitive to pH, the SERS spectra of HA was very weak at neutral pH, but at acidic pH and alkaline pH a remarkable increase of SERS intensity occurred. The SERS of HA in running water was detected too. The experimental results show that it is feasible to detect HA in natural water by means of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy.
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Population genetics and forensic efficiency of twenty-one novel microsatellite loci of Chinese Yi ethnic group.
Electrophoresis
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2013
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In this study, we investigated polymorphic distributions of allelic frequencies and forensic genetic parameters of 21 novel autosomal microsatellite loci from 110 unrelated healthy individuals of Chinese Yi ethnic group. Expected heterozygosity, power of discrimination, and polymorphic information content ranged from 0.617 to 0.812, 0.777 to 0.936 and 0.560 to 0.790. The microsatellite loci showed high forensic efficiency. The total discrimination power and cumulate probability of exclusion were 0.99999999999999999986902 and 0.999998818, respectively. Locus-by-locus allelic frequencies were compared using analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) method, and the statistically significant differences were observed between Yi group and Russian, Tujia, Kazak, Bai, Ningxia Han, Salar, Tibetan, and Uigur groups at 5, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 12, and 13 loci, respectively. The results of genetic distance comparisons, genetic structure analyses, and principal component analysis all indicated that the Yi group showed relatively short genetic relationships with Russian, Salar, and Bai group. The experimental results showed that the 21 loci in the multiplex system provided highly polymorphic information and forensic efficiency for forensic individual identification and paternity testing, also basic population data for population genetics and anthropological research.
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[Fire severity of burnt area in Huzhong forest region of Great Xing an Mountains, Northeast China based on normalized burn ratio analysis].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2013
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Based on the TM images and 3S technology, and by using normalized burn ratio (NBR) , this paper quantitatively evaluated the fire severity of burnt area in Huzhong forest region of the Great Xing an Mountains from 1986 to 2010, and analyzed the relationships of the fire severity with environmental factors such as vegetation type, elevation, slope, and aspect. In Huzhong forest region, the fire occurrence frequency and total burnt area had an obvious inter-annual change. High incidence of forest fire was from June to August, and heavily burnt area occupied 84. 2% of the total burnt area. In the burnt area, larch forest accounted for 89. 9%. 68. 8% of burnt area located at the elevations from 1000 m to 1500 m, and 62. 5% located in eastern, southern, western, and northern slopes. There was no obvious difference in the burnt area between sunny and shady slopes. The burnt area at the slope degrees 15 degree-25 degrees occupied 38.4% of the total. High severity burnt area was the largest (70% of the total), followed by moderate severity burnt area (about 10%), and low severity burnt area and un-burnt area (<5% ). The majority of the forest fires in Huzhong forest region were of high severity fire, which caused great damages to the forest resources. It was suggested that in the forest fire management in Great Xing an Mountains forest region, it would be urgent to implement forest fuel treatments to reduce fire severity to guarantee the forest ecosystem security.
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[Normal pneumatization time of paranasal sinuses in 799 children: evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2013
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To evaluate the onset of initial pneumatization of paranasal sinuses with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and provides references in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric paranasal sinuses disease.
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[Influence of transplantation and some clinical factors on prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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This study was aimed to analyze the survival status of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and to investigate the influence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT), different pathological types, International Prognosis Idex (IPI) on prognosis. One hundred and sixteen cases of DLBCL were analyzed retrospectively. The treatment efficacy of R-CHOP alone and R-CHOP combined with auto-HSCT as well as the influence of different immunopathologic types, IPI, hypersensitive C-reative protein (HSCRP), ?-hydroxybutyric acid deaminase (HBDH) on the prognosis of DLBCL patients including overall survival (OS) rate, progression-free survival (PFS) rate were analyzed. The results indicated that the 5-year OS for all patients was 72.4%. in which 30 patients with Ann Arbor staging III-IV received auto-HSCT plus R-CHOP. The prognosis of the 30 patients was better than that of 86 cases received R-CHOP chemotherapy alone (5-year OS was 82.5% vs 69.0%, 5-year PFS was 77.1% vs 68.3%) (P < 0.05). The prognosis of patients in germinal center B-cell-like group (GCB group) was better than that of patients in activated B-cell-like group (ABC group). Some clinical features were associated with poor prognosis including OS and PFS, such as age, B symptoms, IPI scores, the level of LDH, HSCRP and HBDH (P < 0.05) in which the level of LDH, age ? 60 years and B symptoms were independent prognostic factors in DLBCL patients (P < 0.05). It is concluded that auto-HSCT combined with R-CHOP can improve the long-term survival of DLBCL patients. The prognosis of patients in GCB group is better than that of patients in the ABC group. The clinical features such as age, B symptoms, IPI scores and LDH are associated with prognosis.
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[Analysis of bone marrow and peripheral blood cytologic features in hyperleukocytic acute leukemia].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2013
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This study was purposed to investigate the cytologic features of bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) in hyperleukocytic acute leukemia (HAL) and their clinical significance in accordance with high leukocyte count as poor prognostic factor for acute leukemia. The smears of BM and PB were collected from 68 out-patients and inpatients including 28 cases of HLA and 40 cases of non HAL (NHAL) in our hospital since 2009. The proliferation degree, morphology and abnormal appearance in each cell lineage were observed with HE, POX, PAS, NSE+ NaF staining for BM mears and HE staining for PB smears by means of optical microscope. The final diagnosis was made by cellular chemical staining results, then the counting and classification were performed in 200 nucleated cells to calculate the percentage of each cell lineage, the myeloid/erythroid ratio and so on. The BP smears were observed with the same methods, the counting and classification of 100 nucleated cells were performed to calculate a varietry of nucleated cell percentage. The resulted data were analyzed by the SPSS 12.0 statistical software, the difference of proliferation degree and ratio of each cell linege in BM smears were compared, the relationship of morphological features of PB smears with BM smears was analyzed. The results showed that obvious or extreme active proliferation of nucleated cells was observed in HAL and NHAL groups, but the myeloproliferation in HAL group was more active than that in NHAL group (P < 0.05). The erythrocyte and megakaryocyte lineages were suppressed in both groups, while the HAL group showed a lower proportion of erythrocyte and megakaryocyte lineages in BM as compared with NHAL group (P < 0.05). The hemoglobine and platelet levels in PB of HAL group were obviously lower than those in PB of NHAL group (P < 0.05). The leukemia cells could be seen in PB smears of NHAL, but the proportion of leukemia cells in NHAL group was smaller than that in HAL group (P < 0.05). The leukocyte count in PB of HAL group strongly positively correlated with the proliferation degree of leukemia cells in BM of HAL group (r = 0.422). It is concluded that the significant difference of proliferation degree, cell levels and blast ratio in BM and PB exists in HAL and NHAL groups, moreover the leukemia cells ratio, leukocyte, hemoglobin and platelet levels in PB of HAL all show characteristic changes. Therefore the contrast analysis of characteristic changes from laboratorial detection contributs to grasp the regular pattern of HAL, meanwhile has an important value for guiding correct diagnosis of acute leukemia and choosing suitable treatment options.
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Allelic frequency distributions of 21 non-combined DNA index system STR loci in a Russian ethnic minority group from Inner Mongolia, China.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
PUBLISHED: 06-05-2013
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We studied the allelic frequency distributions and statistical forensic parameters of 21 new short tandem repeat (STR) loci and the amelogenin locus, which are not included in the combined DNA index system (CODIS), in a Russian ethnic minority group from the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. A total of 114 bloodstain samples from unrelated individuals were extracted and co-amplified with four fluorescence-labeled primers in a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system. Using capillary electrophoresis, the PCR products of the 21 STR loci were separated and genotyped. A total of 161 alleles were observed in the Russian ethnic minority group, and corresponding allelic frequencies ranged from 0.0044 to 0.5965. The 21 non-CODIS STR loci of the Russian ethnic minority group were characterized by high genetic diversity and therefore may be useful for elucidating the populations genetic background, for individual identification, and for paternity testing in forensic practice.
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[Clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of 216 cases with primary gastrointestinal tract non-Hodgkins lymphoma].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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To investigate the clinicopathological features of primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkins lymphomas (PGI-NHL) and their prognostic values.
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[Effects of methane on proximal colon motility of rats and ion channel mechanisms].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2013
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To explore the effects of methane on proximal colon motility and elucidate its ion channel mechanisms.
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An Experimental Study Addressing the Promotion of Mandibular Defect Repair Through the Intermittent Subcutaneous Injection of Parathyroid Hormone.
J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a major regulator of bone metabolism. Various animal studies and clinical trials have addressed the treatment of osteoporosis and fracture healing with the intermittent administration of PTH, whereas few studies have investigated the effects of PTH on mandibular defect repair. This study sought to examine the feasibility of using recombinant human PTH (rhPTH) to promote the repair of mandibular defects and to provide a preliminary investigation of the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon.
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Prognostic value and clinical pathology of MACC-1 and c-MET expression in gastric carcinoma.
Pathol. Oncol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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This study was to assess the expression of MACC-1 and c-MET in gastric cancer, and to correlate this expression with clinicohistological parameters and patient prognosis. Total RNA was extracted from cancer tissue and adjacent normal mucosa from frozen biopsy specimens of 30 patients with gastric cancer, and MACC-1 expression was assessed by RT-PCR. MACC-1 and c-MET protein expression were also assessed in paraffin-embedded tissues obtained from 436 tumor mucosa and 92 normal mucosa specimens by immunohistochemistry. The correlation between MACC-1 and c-MET expression and clinicopathological factors (age, sex, histology, tumor depth, lymph node status and vessel invasion) were also evaluated. RT-PCR analysis revealed that MACC-1 expression was significantly higher in cancerous mucosa compared with normal tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that MACC-1 and c-MET were moderately or strongly expressed in gastric cancer tissue, whereas expression was weak or absent in non-cancer tissue. Expression of MACC-1 or c-MET was significantly associated with larger tumor size, deeper tumor invasion, presence of lymph node metastasis, lymphatic involvement, venous invasion, distant metastasis and advanced clinical stage. However, only MACC-1 exhibited significantly greater expression in carcinomas from the higher age group. The intensity of MACC-1 and c-MET expression was also positively correlated. Survival analysis of the 436 gastric cancer patients revealed that patients in clinical stages I, II and III exhibiting lower MACC-1 and c-MET expression had a higher 5-year survival rate compared with patients expressing high levels of these proteins. Multivariate analysis revealed that MACC-1 and c-MET may be independent prognostic indexes of gastric carcinoma (P < 0.01). Our findings confirm that MACC-1 and c-MET expression is strongly related to gastric cancer stage and degree of malignancy, and is inversely correlated to patient prognosis. Thus, MACC-1 and c-MET may interact to promote tumorigenesis and their expression may be used as independent prognostic markers in gastric cancer.
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Increased LEF1 expression and decreased Notch2 expression are strong predictors of poor outcomes in colorectal cancer patients.
Dis. Markers
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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We aimed to examine the expression of lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (LEF1) and Notch2 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and their association with clinicopathologic variables and CRC patients prognosis.
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Effects of insulin, insulin-like growth factor-I and -II on proliferation and intracellular signaling in endometrial carcinoma cells with different expression levels of insulin receptor isoform A.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2013
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Hyperinsulinemia, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and -II (IGF-II) are associated with increased risk of endometrial carcinoma. Insulin receptor isoform A (IR-A) is more frequently expressed in endometrial carcinoma than in normal endometrial tissues. To better understand their roles in endometrial carcinoma, we investigated the effects of insulin, IGF-I, and IGF-II in endometrial carcinomas cells with different IR-A expression levels.
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?-Catenin/POU5F1/SOX2 transcription factor complex mediates IGF-I receptor signaling and predicts poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2013
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Cancer stem-like cells (CSLC) are crucial in tumor initiation and progression; however, the underlying mechanism for the self-renewal of cancer cells remains undefined. In the study, immunohistochemical analysis of specimens freshly excised from patients with lung adenocarcinoma showed that high expression of insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) in lung adenocarcinoma cells was positively correlated with the expressions of cancer stem cell markers CD133 and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A1 (ALDH1A1). IGF-IR activation enhanced POU class 5 homeobox 1 (POU5F1) expression on human lung adenocarcinoma stem-like cells (LACSLC) through PI3K/AKT/GSK3?/?-catenin cascade. POU5F1 could form a novel complex with ?-catenin and SOX2 to bind Nanog promoter for transcription to maintain self-renewal of LACSLCs, which was dependent on the functional IGF-IR. Genetic and pharmacologic inhibition of IGF-IR abrogated LACSLC capabilities for self-renewal and tumorigenicity in vitro. In an in vivo xenograft tumor model, knockdown of either IGF-IR or POU5F1 impeded tumorigenic potentials of LACSLCs. By analyzing pathologic specimens excised from 200 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, we found that colocalization of highly expressed IGF-IR with ?-catenin and POU5F1 predicted poor prognosis. Taken together, we show that IGF-IR-mediated POU5F1 expression to form a complex with ?-catenin and SOX2 is crucial for the self-renewal and oncogenic potentials of LACSLCs, and the integrative clinical detection of the expressions of IGF-IR, ?-catenin, and POU5F1 is indicatory for predicting prognosis in the patients of lung adenocarcinoma.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.