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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Epidemiological analysis of malaria prevalence in Jiangsu Province in 2012].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
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To understand the malaria epidemic situation and characteristics in Jiangsu Province in 2012, so as to provide the evidence for formulating and adjusting effective malaria elimination strategies and measures.
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Multicenter phase II study of Apatinib in non-triple-negative metastatic breast cancer.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2014
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Apatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR-2). This study was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of apatinib in patients with non-triple-negative metastatic breast cancer who had received prior chemotherapy for their metastatic disease.
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Upregulated expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in human periodontal ligament cells induced by interleukin-1?
Aust Dent J
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2014
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Root resorption during orthodontic treatment is a complex and sterile inflammatory process, which is characterized by the recruitment of mononuclear cells in the local periodontal ligament. This study aimed to investigate whether interleukin (IL)-1? could induce the migration of monocytes through upregulating monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 expression in human periodontal ligament cells.
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PARP-14 combines with tristetraprolin in the selective post-transcriptional control of macrophage tissue factor expression.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2014
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Tissue factor (TF, CD142) is a 47 kDa transmembrane cell surface glycoprotein which triggers the extrinsic coagulation cascade and links thrombosis with inflammation. Although macrophage TF expression is known to be regulated at the RNA level, very little is known about the mechanisms involved. Poly(ADP-ribose)-polymerase (PARP)-14 belongs to a family of intracellular proteins that generate ADP-ribose post-translational adducts. Functional screening of PARP-14 deficient macrophages mice revealed that PARP-14 deficiency leads to increased tissue factor (TF) expression and functional activity in macrophages following challenge with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. This was related to an increase in TF mRNA stability. Ribonucleoprotein complex immunoprecipitation and biotinylated RNA pull-down assays demonstrated that PARP-14 forms a complex with the mRNA-destabilizing protein tristetraprolin (TTP) and a conserved AU-rich element in the TF mRNA 3' untranslated region. TF mRNA regulation by PARP-14 was selective, as TNF? mRNA, which is also regulated by TTP, was not altered in PARP-14 deficient macrophages. Consistent with the in vitro data, TF expression and TF activity, but not TNF? expression, were increased in Parp14(-/-) mice in vivo. Our study provides a novel mechanism for the post-transcriptional regulation of TF expression, indicating that this is selectively regulated by PARP-14.
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Five miRNAs as Novel Diagnostic Biomarker Candidates for Primary Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2014
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in the development and progression of nasopharyngeal carcinomas (NPC). Despite advances in the field of cancer molecular biology and biomarker discovery, the development of clinically validated biomarkers for primary NPC has remained elusive. In this study, we investigated the expression and clinical significance of miRNAs as novel primary NPC diagnostic biomarkers. We used an array containing 2, 500 miRNAs to identify 22 significant miRNAs, and these candidate miRNAs were validated using 67 fresh NPC and 25 normal control tissues via quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Expression and correlation analyses were performed with various statistical approaches, in addition to logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses to evaluate diagnostic efficacy. qRT-PCR revealed five differentially expressed miRNAs (miR-93-5p, miR-135b-5p, miR-205-5p and miR-183-5p) in NPC tissue samples relative to control samples (p<0.05), with miR-135b-5p and miR-205-5p being of significant diagnostic value (p<0.01). Moreover, comparison of NPC patient clinicopathologic data revealed a negative correlation between miR-93-5p and miR- 183-5p expression levels and lymph node status (p<0.05). These findings display an altered expression of many miRNAs in NPC tissues, thus providing information pertinent to pathophysiological and diagnostic research. Ultimately, miR-135b-5p and miR-205-5p may be implicated as novel NPC candidate biomarkers, while miR- 93-5p, miR-650 and miR-183-5p may find application as relevant clinical pathology and diagnostic candidate biomarkers.
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Sulfur-doped graphene quantum dots as a novel fluorescent probe for highly selective and sensitive detection of fe(3+).
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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Sulfur-doped graphene quantum dots (S-GQDs) with stable blue-green fluorescence were synthesized by one-step electrolysis of graphite in sodium p-toluenesulfonate aqueous solution. Compared with GQDs, the S-GQDs drastically improved the electronic properties and surface chemical reactivities, which exhibited a sensitive response to Fe(3+). Therefore, the S-GQDs were used as an efficient fluorescent probe for highly selective detection of Fe(3+). Upon increasing of Fe(3+) concentration ranging from 0.01 to 0.70 ?M, the fluorescence intensity of S-GQDs gradually decreased and reached a plateau at 0.90 ?M. The difference in the fluorescence intensity of S-GQDs before and after adding Fe(3+) was proportional to the concentration of Fe(3+), and the calibration curve displayed linear regions over the range of 0-0.70 ?M. The detection limit was 4.2 nM. Finally, this novel fluorescent probe was successfully applied to the direct analysis of Fe(3+) in human serum, which presents potential applications in clinical diagnosis and may open a new way to the design of effective fluorescence probes for other biologically related targets.
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Dispersive Micro-Solid-Phase Extraction Using Mesoporous Hybrid Materials for Simultaneous Determination of Semivolatile Compounds from Plant Tea by Ultra-High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Tandem Mass Spectrometry.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2014
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This report described the use of mesoporous hybrid materials (MHM) in a dispersive micro-solid-phase extraction procedure to extract semivolatile compounds from plant tea that were then analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Dihydrotanshinone I, tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone, and tanshinone IIA were selected as the model compounds, and the extraction parameters, including mesoporous concentration, extraction time, sample agitation and desorption solvents, were optimized. The interaction with the analytes and the large surface area of the MHM facilitated the adsorption of analytes. The method showed good linearity, with correlation coefficients >0.9980 in the range 0.25-100 ng/mL, and low limits of detection (0.012-0.046 pg). Finally, the recovery values were 91-103% for Danshen tea, 89-102% for Danshen, and 88-96% for tanshinone capsules. The results showed that the proposed method was suitable for the extraction and determination of tanshinones in complex samples.
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Effects of Chromium Methionine Supplementation on Growth Performance, Serum Metabolites, Endocrine Parameters, Antioxidant Status, and Immune Traits in Growing Pigs.
Biol Trace Elem Res
PUBLISHED: 09-26-2014
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The effects of dietary chromium methionine (CrMet) on growth performance, serum metabolites, endocrine parameters, antioxidant status, and immune traits in growing pigs were investigated. A total of 180 crossbred pigs (30.18?±?0.28 kg initial body mass) were randomly divided into five groups, each group with six pens, six pigs per pen. Pigs were fed on the same basal diet supplemented with 0 (control), 100, 200, 400, and 800 ?g/kg Cr from CrMet for 35 days. The results showed that supplemental CrMet did not affect growth performance. Cr at 200-800 ?g/kg significantly decreased serum glucose levels (P?
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[Laparoscopic hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after previous open hepatectomy].
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2014
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To evaluate the feasibility, safety and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic repeat hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following previous resection.
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Triptolide induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells via inhibiting the overexpression of MDM2.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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Triptolide has been reported to exhibit antitumor effects in several cancers. This study investigates the mechanism by which triptolide induces apoptosis of gastric cancer cells. Gastric biopsies were collected for histological evaluation and detection of murine double minute 2 (MDM2) expression. Gastric cancer cells were cultured and treated with different concentrations of triptolide at indicated time points. The expression of MDM2, p53 protein, and target proteins including p21, PUMA, and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) was detected. Apoptosis of cells treated with or without triptolide was evaluated. Our results showed that MDM2 protein was overexpressed in gastric cancer (p < 0.01, resp.). Triptolide induced significant apoptosis of gastric cancer cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner (p < 0.05). In addition, treatment with triptolide strongly inhibited the overexpression of MDM2 in gastric cancer cells, and this MDM2 inhibition led to increased levels of p53 protein and inhibition of XIAP (p < 0.05). However, triptolide failed to increase the expression of p53 target protein p21 and PUMA (p > 0.05). In conclusion, triptolide may induce apoptosis of gastric cancer cells via the inhibition of MDM2 overexpression in a p53-independent manner.
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Effects of dry method esterification of starch on the degradation characteristics of starch/polylactic acid composites.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Maleic anhydride esterified corn starch was prepared by dry method. Esterified starch/polylactic acid (PLA) biodegradable composite was produced via melt extrusion method with blending maleic anhydride esterified corn starch and PLA. The influence of the dry method esterification of starch on the degradation characteristics of starch/PLA composites was investigated by the natural aging degradation which was soil burial method. Test results of mass loss rate showed that the first 30 days of degradation was mainly starch degradation, and the degradation rate of esterified starch/PLA (ES/PLA) was slower than that of native starch/PLA (NS/PLA). Therefore, the damage degree of ES/PLA on the surface and inside was smaller than that of NS/PLA, and the infrared absorption peak intensities of CO, CO and CH were stronger than that of NS/PLA. With the increasing time of soil burial degradation, the damage degree of NS/PLA and ES/PLA on the exterior and interior were gradually increased, whereas the infrared absorption peak intensities of CO, CO and CH were gradually decreased. The XRD diffraction peak intensity of PLA in composites showed an increased trend at first which was then followed by a decreased one along with the increasing time of soil burial degradation, indicating that the degradation of amorphous regions of PLA was earlier than its crystalline regions. When the soil burial time was the same, the diffraction peak intensity of PLA in ES/PLA was stronger than that of NS/PLA. If the degradation time was the same, T0, Ti and residual rate of thermal decomposition of NS/PLA were larger than those of ES/PLA. The tensile strength and bending strength of composites were decreased gradually with soil burial time increasing. Both the tensile strength and bending strength of ES/PLA were stronger than those of NS/PLA.
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Endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin 1? mediates hepatic endoplasmic reticulum stress in homocysteine-induced atherosclerosis.
Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin. (Shanghai)
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is emerging as an important modulator of different pathological process and as a mechanism contributing to homocysteine (Hcy)-induced hepar injury. However, the molecular event that Hcy-induced ER stress in the hepar under the atherosclerosis background is currently unknown. Endoplasmic reticulum oxidoreductin 1? (ERO1?) plays a crucial role in maintaining ER stress function. In this study, we determined the expression of ERO1? in the hepar in hyperhomocysteinemia and the effect of ERO1? in hepacytes ER stress in the presence of Hcy. HHcy model was established by feeding the methionine diet in apolipoprotein-E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice, and the hepatocytes were incubated with folate and different concentrations of Hcy. Our results showed that Hcy triggered ER stress characterized by an increased contents of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK), activating transcription factor (ATF) 6 and X-box binding protein-1 (XBP-1). The ERO1? expressions in HHcy mice and Hcy-treated hepatocytes were decreased compared with those in ApoE-/- group and control hepacytes (P < 0.05), respectively. Knocking-down the expression of ERO1? with small-interfering RNA significantly augmented Hcy-induced ER stress. Meanwhile, the expressions of ER stress-related factor including GRP78, PERK, ATF6 and XBP-1, were significantly decreased when the ERO1? gene was over-expressed in hepacytes. Our results suggested that ERO1? may be involved in Hcy-induced hepar ER stress, and the inhibition of ERO1? expression can accelerate this process.
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[Simultaneous laparoscopic resection of colorectal carcinoma and synchronous liver metastasis].
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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To investigate the safety and feasibility of simultaneous laparoscopic resection of colorectal carcinoma and synchronous liver metastasis.
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Increased micro-RNA 17, 21, and 192 gene expressions improve early diagnosis in non-small cell lung cancer.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
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Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer worldwide. About 90 % lung cancer patients died within 5 years after diagnosis. It is reasonable to assume that early detection of lung cancer could reduce mortality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding, single-stranded RNAs that regulate gene expression by affecting the stability or the translation efficiency of target messenger RNAs. Altered expressions of miRNAs were associated with the development, invasion, metastasis and prognosis of cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Here, we describe a blood test based on detection of serum miRNAs that distinguish early NSCLC patients from healthy volunteers. Three miRNAs, miR-17, 21 and 192 expression levels were significantly higher in the stage I NSCLC patients than the healthy volunteer groups. This suggests that miR-17, 21 and 192 could be considered as biomarkers for diagnosis of early-stage NSCLC.
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Ionic-liquid-micelle-functionalized mesoporous Fe3O4 microspheres for ultraperformance liquid chromatography determination of anthraquinones in dietary supplements.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2014
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A magnetic solid-phase extraction method using ionic liquid (IL)-micelle-functionalized mesoporous Fe3O4 microspheres (MFMs) was proposed for the preconcentration of anthraquinones in dietary supplements. The analytes were then determined by ultraperformance liquid chromatography combined with an ultraviolet detector. The extraction parameters, such as the choice of ILs, the concentrations of ILs and MFMs, the pH of diluent, and the concentration of acetic acid in the eluent, were presented. Under the optimized conditions, the limits of detection and limits of quantitation were 0.4-2.8 ng mL(-1) and 1.4-9.4 ng mL(-1), respectively. The accuracy of the proposed method was investigated by recovery in herb and granules of Radix et Rhizoma Rhei, yielding values between 89.25% and 96.48%. The use of the proposed method in the sample pretreatment of complex dietary supplements is feasible due to the high surface area and excellent adsorption capacity of MFMs after modification with IL.
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Stimuli responsive chiral liquid crystal phases of phenylboronic acid functionalized rodlike viruses and their interaction with biologically important diols.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2014
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The rodlike M13 viruses with chemically decorated phenylboronic acid moieties form pH responsive chiral nematic liquid crystal (LC) phases. Binding with biologically important diols results in LC phases with microstructures that closely correlate with the molecular structure of the diols and can be conveniently discerned by visual cues.
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Development and application of an AllGlo probe-based qPCR assay for detecting knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Anopheles sinensis.
Malar. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2014
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Anopheles sinensis is one of the most important malaria vectors in China and other Southeast Asian countries. High levels of resistance have been reported in this species due to the long-term use of insecticides, especially pyrethroids, for public health and agricultural purposes. Knockdown resistance (kdr) caused by a single base pair mutation in the gene encoding the sodium channel is strongly associated with pyrethroid insecticide resistance in many Anopheles mosquitoes. There are few methods currently available for detecting kdr mutations in An. sinensis.
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Clinical Characteristics Related to Central Lymph Node Metastasis in cN0 Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Retrospective Study of 916 Patients.
Int J Endocrinol
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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Background. Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a form of thyroid cancer with high risk of cervical lymph node metastasis. Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and the predictive factors for occult ipsilateral central lymph node (CLN) metastasis in the patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods. A total of 916 PTC patients (1017 lesions) undergoing central lymph node dissection in our hospital from 2005 to 2011 were enrolled. The relationship between CLN metastasis and clinical factors such as gender, age, tumor size, tumor number, capsule invasion, and tumor location was analyzed. Results. Occult CLN metastasis was observed in 52.41% (533/1017) of PTC lesions, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age ? 35 years, tumor size > 1.5?cm, present capsule invasion/extracapsular invasion, and tumor located in upper/middle pole/whole lobe were risk factors of CLN metastasis. Conclusions. Tumor located in upper/middle pole/whole lobe, less than 35 years old, tumor size > 1.5?cm, and present capsule invasion/extracapsular invasion were risk factors of CLN metastasis. We recommend performing ipsilateral prophylactic CLN dissection in cN0 PTC patients.
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Estrogenic activity of organic extracts in the effluents treated byivity present treatment and the new process.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2014
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Evaluate the estrogenic activity of organic extracts in the effluents treated by present treatment and the new technique find the scientific evidences of the new wastewater treatment technique to compare the removal efficiency of trace organic pollutants.
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Characterization of a novel exported esterase Rv3036c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Protein Expr. Purif.
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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Mycobacterium tuberculosis possesses an unusually high number of genes involved in the metabolism of lipids. Driven by a newly described esterase motif SXXK in the amino acid sequence and a predicted signal peptide, the gene rv3036c from M. tuberculosis was cloned and characterized biochemically. Rv3036c efficiently hydrolyzes soluble p-nitrophenyl esters but not emulsified lipid. The highest activity of this enzyme was observed when p-nitrophenyl acetate (C2) was used as the substrate. Based on the activities, Rv3036c was classified as a nonlipolytic hydrolase. The results of immunoreactivity studies on the subcellular mycobacterial fractions suggested that the enzyme was present in the cell wall and cell membrane in mycobacteria. In summary, Rv3036c was characterized as a novel cell wall-anchored esterase from M. tuberculosis.
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The sterile 20-like kinase tao controls tissue homeostasis by regulating the hippo pathway in Drosophila adult midgut.
J Genet Genomics
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2014
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The proliferation and differentiation of adult stem cells must be tightly controlled in order to maintain resident tissue homeostasis. Dysfunction of stem cells is implicated in many human diseases, including cancer. However, the regulation of stem cell proliferation and differentiation is not fully understood. Here we show that the sterile-like 20 kinase, Tao, controls tissue homeostasis by regulating the Hippo pathway in the Drosophila adult midgut. Depletion of Tao in the progenitors leads to rapid intestinal stem cell (ISC) proliferation and midgut homeostasis loss. Meanwhile, we find that the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling activity and cytokine production are significantly increased, resulting in stimulated ISC proliferation. Furthermore, expression of the Hippo pathway downstream targets, Diap1 and bantam, is dramatically increased in Tao knockdown intestines. Consistently, we show that the Yorkie (Yki) acts downstream of Tao to regulate ISC proliferation. Together, our results provide insights into our understanding of the mechanisms of stem cell proliferation and tissue homeostasis control.
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A novel anti?cancer effect of resveratrol: reversal of epithelial?mesenchymal transition in prostate cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 06-09-2014
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Carcinoma progression is associated with the loss of epithelial features and the acquisition of a mesenchymal phenotype, a process known as epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Resveratrol, a natural polyphenolic compound found in grapes, berries and peanuts, has a wide range of pharmacological properties, including anti-tumor metastasis properties. The underlying mechanism through which resveratrol inhibits metastasis of prostate cancer (PCa) is not yet fully understood; however, it is thought to be associated with the disruption of EMT. In the present study, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to trigger EMT in PC-3 and LNCaP PCa cell lines, and the cell lines were subsequently treated with resveratrol. The results demonstrated that exposure of PC-3 and LNCaP cells to LPS resulted in morphological alterations characteristic of EMT, as well as an increase in the expression of the mesenchymal marker vimentin and a decrease in the expression of E?cadherin. In addition, LPS exposure resulted in an increase in cell motility, along with an upregulation of the transcription factor glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1). However, treatment with resveratrol inhibited LPS-induced morphological changes, decreased the expression of LPS-induced markers of EMT and inhibited the expression of Gli1, resulting in the inhibition of in vitro cell motility and invasiveness. These results provide a novel perspective for the anti-invasion mechanism of resveratrol, suggesting that the effect is in part due to its ability to inhibit the EMT process through the Hedgehog signaling pathway.
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Impaired contextual fear extinction and hippocampal synaptic plasticity in adult rats induced by prenatal morphine exposure.
Addict Biol
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2014
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Prenatal opiate exposure causes a series of neurobehavioral disturbances by affecting brain development. However, the question of whether prenatal opiate exposure increases vulnerability to memory-related neuropsychiatric disorders in adult offspring remains largely unknown. Here, we found that rats prenatally exposed to morphine (PM) showed impaired acquisition but enhanced maintenance of contextual fear memory compared with control animals that were prenatally exposed to saline (PS). The impairment of acquisition was rescued by increasing the intensity of footshocks (1.2?mA rather than 0.8?mA). Meanwhile, we also found that PM rats exhibited impaired extinction of contextual fear, which is associated with enhanced maintenance of fear memory. The impaired extinction lasted for 1 week following extinction training. Furthermore, PM rats exhibited reduced anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus-maze and light/dark box test without differences in locomotor activity. These alterations in PM rats were mirrored by abnormalities in synaptic plasticity in the Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses of the hippocampus in vivo. PS rats showed blocked long-term potentiation and enabled long-term depression in CA1 synapses following contextual fear conditioning, while prenatal morphine exposure restricted synaptic plasticity in CA1 synapses. The smaller long-term potentiation in PM rats was not further blocked by contextual fear conditioning, and the long-term depression enabled by contextual fear conditioning was abolished. Taken together, our results provide the first evidence suggesting that prenatal morphine exposure may increase vulnerability to fear memory-related neuropsychiatric disorders in adulthood.
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Preparation and photoelectrochemical behavior of 1,4,6,8,11,13-hexazapentacene (HAP).
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2014
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Photoelectrochemical studies demonstrated that 1,4,6,8,11,13-hexazapentacene (HAP) exhibited active n-type semiconductor behavior under visible light (? > 400 nm) illumination.
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Epirubicin combined with oxaliplatin and 5-day continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil as a first-line treatment for metastatic gastric cancer: treatment outcomes and analysis of prognostic factors.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2014
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In order to confirm the efficacy, tolerability, and baseline prognostic factors of an epirubicin (EPR)-containing triplet regimen, the EOF5 regimen, in patients with metastatic gastric cancer (MGC), we conducted the phase II trial and retrospective analysis.
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[The inherent toxicity of organic extracts in the effluents treated by present treatment and the new process].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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Evaluate the inherent toxicity of organic extracts in the effluents treated by present treatment and the new process find the scientific evidences of the new wastewater treatment technique to compare the removal efficiency of trace organic pollutants.
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Ionic liquid-based one-step micellar extraction of multiclass polar compounds from hawthorn fruits by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-29-2014
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An ionic liquid (IL)-based one-step micellar extraction procedure was developed for the extraction of multiclass polar analytes (protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin) from hawthorn fruits and their determination using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS). Compared to conventional organic solvent extractions, this newly proposed method was much easier, more sensitive, environmentally friendly, and effective as well. Several important parameters influencing the micellar extraction efficiency are discussed, such as selection of ILs, surfactant concentration, and extraction time. Under the optimal conditions, good linearity was achieved for each analyte with correlation coefficients (r(2)) ranging from 0.9934 to 0.9999, and the recovery values ranged from 89.3 to 106% with relative standard deviations lower than 5.5%. Results suggest that the IL-based one-step micellar extraction could be an alternative and promising means in future food analysis.
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Transcriptome profiling of pyrethroid resistant and susceptible mosquitoes in the malaria vector, Anopheles sinensis.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2014
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Anopheles sinensis is a major malaria vector in China and other Southeast Asian countries, and it is becoming increasingly resistant to the insecticides used for agriculture, net impregnation, and indoor residual spray. Very limited genomic information on this species is available, which has hindered the development of new tools for resistance surveillance and vector control. We used the 454 GS FLX system and generated expressed sequence tag (EST) databases of various life stages of An. sinensis, and we determined the transcriptional differences between deltamethrin resistant and susceptible mosquitoes.
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A quantum dot-based microRNA nanosensor for point mutation assays.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2014
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We have developed a quantum dot-based microRNA nanosensor for point mutation assays using primer generation-mediated rolling circle amplification. The proposed method exhibits high sensitivity with a detection limit of as low as 50.9 aM and a large dynamic range of 7 orders of magnitude from 0.1 fM to 1 nM. Importantly, this method can be further applied to analyze the point mutation of mir-196a2 in the lung tissues of non small-cell lung cancer patients.
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Exonuclease-mediated degradation of nascent RNA silences genes linked to severe malaria.
Nature
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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Antigenic variation of the Plasmodium falciparum multicopy var gene family enables parasite evasion of immune destruction by host antibodies. Expression of a particular var subgroup, termed upsA, is linked to the obstruction of blood vessels in the brain and to the pathogenesis of human cerebral malaria. The mechanism determining upsA activation remains unknown. Here we show that an entirely new type of gene silencing mechanism involving an exonuclease-mediated degradation of nascent RNA controls the silencing of genes linked to severe malaria. We identify a novel chromatin-associated exoribonuclease, termed PfRNase II, that controls the silencing of upsA var genes by marking their transcription start site and intron-promoter regions leading to short-lived cryptic RNA. Parasites carrying a deficient PfRNase II gene produce full-length upsA var transcripts and intron-derived antisense long non-coding RNA. The presence of stable upsA var transcripts overcomes monoallelic expression, resulting in the simultaneous expression of both upsA and upsC type PfEMP1 proteins on the surface of individual infected red blood cells. In addition, we observe an inverse relationship between transcript levels of PfRNase II and upsA-type var genes in parasites from severe malaria patients, implying a crucial role of PfRNase II in severe malaria. Our results uncover a previously unknown type of post-transcriptional gene silencing mechanism in malaria parasites with repercussions for other organisms. Additionally, the identification of RNase II as a parasite protein controlling the expression of virulence genes involved in pathogenesis in patients with severe malaria may provide new strategies for reducing malaria mortality.
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[Experimental observation of toxic effect of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis against Aedes, Culex and Anopheles larvae].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2014
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To evaluate the toxic effect of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) wettable powder against Aedes, Culex and Anopheles larvae.
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[Establishment of malaria early warning system in Jiangsu Province III effect of automatic early warning information system on the response of malaria elimination].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2014
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To evaluate the effect of automatic early warning information system on the response of malaria elimination in Jiangsu Province through the operation of the national automatic early warning system of infectious diseases.
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Genetic diversity and population structure of Plasmodium vivax in Central China.
Malar. J.
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2014
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In Central China the declining incidence of Plasmodium vivax has been interrupted by epidemic expansions and imported cases. The impact of these changes on the local parasite population, and concurrent risks of future resurgence, was assessed.
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Enhanced thermal and mechanical properties of PVA composites formed with filamentous nanocellulose fibrils.
Carbohydr Polym
PUBLISHED: 04-16-2014
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Long filamentous nanocellulose fibrils (NCFs) were prepared from chemical-thermomechanical pulps (CTMP) using ultrasonication. Their contribution to enhancements in thermal stability and mechanical properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) films were investigated. The unique chemical pretreatment and mechanical effects of CTMP loosen and unfold fibers during the pulping process, which enables further chemical purification and subsequent ultrasound treatment for formation of NCFs. The NCFs exhibited higher crystallinity (72.9%) compared with that of CTMP (61.5%), and had diameters ranging from 50 to 120 nm. A NCF content of 6 wt% was found to yield the best thermal stability, light transmittance, and mechanical properties in the PVA/NCF composites. The composites also exhibited a visible light transmittance of 73.7%, and the tensile strength and Young's modulus were significantly improved, with values 2.8 and 2.4 times larger, respectively, than that of neat PVA.
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Programmable writing of graphene oxide/reduced graphene oxide fibers for sensible networks with in situ welded junctions.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2014
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Direct spinning of the graphene oxide (GO) dispersions from a moveable spinneret along the programmed track, i.e., a "programmable writing" technique, was developed to make nonwoven, nonknitted, graphene-based networks with excellent mechanical properties. The resulting GO networks can be successfully converted into reduced GO (RGO) ones with better mechanical properties as well as excellent electrical conductivity via thermal/chemical reduction. In situ welded junctions formed during processing of the spun fibers have made the resulting networks with the integral structure, and outstanding mechanical properties and high electrical conductivities of the spun fibers and their web integrations have provided a great opportunity to remotely sense the external mechanical stimuli via electrical signal monitoring.
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Highly sensitive analysis of flavonoids by zwitterionic microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography coupled with light-emitting diode-induced fluorescence detection.
J Chromatogr A
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2014
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A rapid zwitterionic microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography (ZI-MEEKC) approach coupled with light-emitting-diode-induced fluorescence (LED-IF, 480nm) detection was proposed for the analysis of flavonoids. In the optimization process, we systematically investigated the separation conditions, including the surfactants, cosurfactants, pH, buffers and fluorescence parameters. It was found that the baseline separation of the seven flavonoids was obtained in less than 5min with a running buffer consisting of 92.9% (v/v) 5mM sodium borate, 0.6% (w/v) ZI surfactant, 0.5% (w/v) ethyl acetate and 6.0% (w/v) 1-butanol. High sensitivity was obtained by the application of LED-IF detection. The limits of detection for seven flavonoids were in the range of 3.30×10(-8) to 2.15×10(-6)molL(-1) without derivatization. Ultimately, the detection method was successfully applied to the analysis of flavonoids in hawthorn plant and food products with satisfactory results.
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Risk factor evaluation for postoperative complications in laparoscopic colorectal surgery by a classic severity grading system.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2014
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Using the uniform complication grading system to evaluate postoperative complications after laparoscopic colorectal surgery is the purpose of the present study. Surgical complications were defined as grades I, II, III, IV, and V recommended by Dindo et al. Patients were categorized into three pairs: complication group (CG) and non-complication group (NCG), minor complication group (MiCG, grades I-II) and non-minor complication group (NMiCG), and major complication group (MaCG, grades III-V) and non-major complication group (NMaCG); of the 570 patients, 431 patients were discharged with no complications, and 174 complications occurred in 119 patients. The percent of grades I, II, III, IV, and V complications were 4.7, 20, 4.7, 0.7, and 0.4 %, respectively. Complications were significantly associated with male gender, larger tumor volume, and more estimated blood loss (EBL). The multivariate analysis revealed that male and EBL ?150 ml were found to be independent predictors of postoperative complications. In subgroup analysis, patients with larger tumor volume were at significantly higher risk of postoperative major complications, and male gender and EBL ?150 ml remained independent predictors of developing minor postoperative complications. Patients with postoperative complications would significantly experience longer hospital stay, later fluid intake, and delayed urinary catheter removal. Male, larger tumor volume, and more EBL were significant risk factors for laparoscopic colorectomy.
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Polymeric micelles with citraconic amide as pH-sensitive bond in backbone for anticancer drug delivery.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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A novel pH-sensitive polymeric micelle was reported. Methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(?-caprolactone) copolymer with citraconic amide as pH-sensitive bond was synthesized (mPEG-pH-PCL). The copolymers self-assembled into micelles to encapsulate anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX). The morphology, size and size distribution, drug release profile and in vitro anticancer activity of the DOX loaded mPEG-pH-PCL micelles were studied. The results showed that the mean size of the micelles was around 120 nm, the drug loading content and encapsulation efficiency of the mPEG-pH-PCL micelles were 6.8% and 54.3%, respectively. The mean diameter and size distribution of the mPEG-pH-PCL micelles increased significantly when soaking in medium with pH 5.5. The drug release of micelles in pH 5.5 was much faster than that in pH 7.4. The confocal laser microscopy and flow cytometry measurements indicated that the weak acidity of endosomes broke the citraconic amide bonds in the copolymer backbones and triggered the fast release of DOX. The in vitro IC50 of the drug loaded mPEG-pH-PCL micelles was lower than that of drug loaded polymeric micelles without pH-sensitivity to both HepG2 and 4T1 cancer cells.
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Analysis of five alkaloids using surfactant-coated multi-walled carbon nanotubes as the pseudostationary phase in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis.
J Chromatogr A
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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In this paper, surfactant-coated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (SC-MWNTs) have been proposed as a novel pseudostationary phase (PSP) to enhance the separation of isoquinoline alkaloids in nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). Several parameters affecting NACE separation were studied including the MWNT concentration, the electrolyte concentration, pH* and the separation voltage. In comparison to conventional NACE, the addition of an MWNT dispersion using surfactant solutions in the electrolyte produced an important enhancement in the resolution due to the ?-? interactions between the analytes and the surface of the carbon nanotubes. Using SC-MWNTs (6?gmL(-1)) as a PSP in the background electrolyte (BGE) (i.e., 20mM sodium acetate in methanol-acetonitrile (80:20, v/v)) provided the complete separation of five alkaloids. Finally, the developed method has been successfully applied to the detection and quantification of the tested compounds of Rhizoma Coptidis.
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Hyperplastic discs differentially regulates the transcriptional outputs of hedgehog signaling.
Mech. Dev.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2014
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Hedgehog (Hh) acts as a morphogen to activate the transcription of diverse target genes via its downstream effector Cubitus interruptus (Ci). Currently, it is less understood how Ci recruits co-factors to activate transcription. Here we report that hyperplastic discs (hyd), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, can differentially regulate the transcriptional outputs of Hh signaling. We show that loss of Hyd activity caused upregulation of some, but not all of Hh target genes. Importantly, Hyd does not affect the stability of Ci. Our data suggest that Hyd differentially restrains the transcriptional activity of Ci via selective association with respective promoters.
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Hypothyroidism as a potential biomarker of efficacy of famitinib, a novel VEGFR-2 inhibitor in metastatic breast cancer.
Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Hypothyroidism is a common adverse event in patients treated with anti-VEGFR-2 targeting agents and may be a valuable predictive factor of efficacy. Famitinib is an inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases mainly targeting VEGFR-2. The objectives of this study were to assess the efficacy and safety of famitinib in patients with pretreated HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and to explore potential of famitinib-induced hypothyroidism and serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level for efficacy prediction.
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Conventional versus laparoscopic surgery for hepatic hydatidosis: a 6-year single-center experience.
J. Gastrointest. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical results of laparoscopic surgery compared with conventional surgery.
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Is laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery associated with an increased risk in obese patients? A retrospective study from China.
World J Surg Oncol
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2014
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The impact of obesity on surgical outcomes after laparoscopic colorectal cancer resection in Chinese patients is still unclear.
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Comparative genomic analysis of the Sm gene family in rice and maize.
Gene
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Sm proteins are a group of ubiquitous ring-shaped oligomers that function in multiple aspects of RNA metabolism. However, until this study, no comprehensive study incorporating phylogeny, chromosomal location, gene organization, adaptive evolution, expression profiling and functional networks has been reported for rice and maize. In this study, twenty-five and thirty-three Sm genes have been identified in rice and maize, respectively. Phylogenetic analyses identified eighteen gene groups. Results by gene locations indicated that segmental duplication contributes to the expansion of this gene family in rice and maize. Gene organization and motif compositions of the Sm members are highly conserved in each group, indicative of their functional conservation. Expression profiles have provided insights into the possible functional divergence among members of the Sm gene family. Adaptive evolution analyses suggested that purifying selection was the main force driving Sm evolution, but some critical sites might be responsible for functional divergence. In addition, four hundred and seventy-nine interactions were identified by functional network analyses, and most of which were associated with binding, cellular macromolecule biosynthesis, pre-mRNA processing and transferase activity. Overall, the data contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of Sm gene family in rice and maize and will provide a solid foundation for future functional studies.
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Small auxin upregulated RNA (SAUR) gene family in maize: identification, evolution, and its phylogenetic comparison with Arabidopsis, rice, and sorghum.
J Integr Plant Biol
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2014
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Small auxin-up RNAs (SAURs) are the early auxin-responsive genes represented by a large multigene family in plants. Here, we identified 79 SAUR gene family members from maize (Zea mays subsp. mays) by a reiterative database search and manual annotation. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the SAUR proteins from Arabidopsis, rice, sorghum, and maize had divided into 16 groups. These genes were non-randomly distributed across the maize chromosomes, and segmental duplication and tandem duplication contributed to the expansion of the maize SAUR gene family. Synteny analysis established orthology relationships and functional linkages between SAUR genes in maize and sorghum genomes. We also found that the auxin-responsive elements were conserved in the upstream sequences of maize SAUR members. Selection analyses identified some significant site-specific constraints acted on most SAUR paralogs. Expression profiles based on microarray data have provided insights into the possible functional divergence among members of the SAUR gene family. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis indicated that some of the 10 randomly selected ZmSAUR genes could be induced at least in maize shoot or root tissue tested. The results reveal a comprehensive overview of the maize SAUR gene family and may pave the way for deciphering their function during plant development.
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Cellular internalization of doxorubicin loaded star-shaped micelles with hydrophilic zwitterionic sulfobetaine segments.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2014
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Four arm star-shaped poly(?-caprolactone)-b-poly((N,N-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-r-(N-(3-sulfopropyl)-N-methacryloxyethy-N,N-diethylammoniumbetaine)) (4sPCLDEAS) micelles were loaded with anticancer drug doxorubicin to track their endocytosis in Hela cancer cell line. The effects of mean diameters and surface charges of the drug loaded micelles on the cellular uptake were studied in details. The results demonstrated that the internalization of micelles was both time and energy dependent process. Endocytic pathways including clathrin-mediated endocytosis, caveolae-mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis were all involved in the internalization; caveolae-mediated endocytosis was the main pathway for the internalization of 4sPCLDEAS micelles. The assays for cell apoptosis and growth inhibition of tumor spheroids identified that these doxorubicin loaded micelles could induce cell apoptosis and inhibit tumor spheroids growth efficiently, which was even equal to free DOX·HCl. This study provided a rational design strategy for fabricating diverse micellar drug delivery systems with high anticancer efficiency.
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The protective effects of Shen-Fu injection on experimental acute pancreatitis in a rat model.
Oxid Med Cell Longev
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of Shen-Fu injection (SFI) on a caerulein-induced rat pancreatitis (AP) model.
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Perfluorooctane sulfonate blocked autophagy flux and induced lysosome membrane permeabilization in HepG2 cells.
Food Chem. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is an emerging persistent organic pollutant widely distributed in the environment, wildlife and human. In this study, as observed under the transmission electron microscope, PFOS increased autophagosome numbers in HepG2 cells, and it was confirmed by elevated LC3-II levels in Western blot analysis. PFOS increased P62 level and chloroquine failed to further increase the expression of LC3-II after PFOS treatment, indicating that the accumulation of autophagosome was due to impaired degradation rather than increased formation. With acridine orange staining, we found PFOS caused lysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP). In this study, autophasome formation inhibitor 3-methyladenine protected cells against PFOS toxicity, autophagy stimulator rapamycin further decreased cell viability and increased LDH release, cathepsin inhibitor did not influence cell viability of PFOS-treated HepG2 cells significantly. These further supported the notion that autophagic cell death contributed to PFOS-induced hepatotoxicity. In summary, the data of the present study revealed that PFOS induced LMP and consequent blockage of autophagy flux, leading to an excessive accumulation of the autophagosomes and turning autophagy into a destructive process eventually. This finding will provide clues for effective prevention and treatment of PFOS-induced hepatic disease.
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Tacrine induces apoptosis through lysosome- and mitochondria-dependent pathway in HepG2 cells.
Toxicol In Vitro
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2014
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Tacrine (THA) is a competitive inhibitor of cholinesterase. Administration of THA for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease results in a reversible hepatotoxicity in 30-50% of patients, as indicated by elevated alanine aminotransferase levels. However, the intracellular mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. In our previous study, we found that THA induced cytotoxicity and mitochondria dysfunction by ROS generation and 8-OHdG formation in mitochondrial DNA in HepG2 cells. In this study, the mechanism underlying was further investigated. Our results demonstrated that THA induced dose-dependent apoptosis with cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3. THA-induced apoptosis was inhibited by treating cells with a ROS inhibitor, YCG063. In addition, we observed that THA led to an early lysosomal membrane permeabilization and release of cathepsin B. Pretreatment with CA-074Me, a specific cathepsin B inhibitor resulted in a significant but not complete decrease in tacrine-induced apoptosis. These data suggest that tacrine-induced cell apoptosis involves both mitochondrial damage and lysosomal membrane destabilization, and ROS is the critical factor that integrates tacrine-induced mitochondrial and lysosomal death pathways.
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Effects of dietary Selenomethionine supplementation on growth performance, antioxidant status, plasma selenium concentration, and immune function in weaning pigs.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of DL-selenomethionine (DL-SeMet) supplementation on growth performance, antioxidant status, plasma selenium (Se) concentration, and immune function of weaning pigs. 216 weaning pigs were randomly allocated to 6 treatments with 6 replicates each according to a complete randomized block design. Each replicate had six pigs. Diet of group one was corn-soybean basal diet without any additional Se supplement. Group 2 was supplemented with 0.3 mg/kg of Se from sodium selenite. Groups 3-6 were supplemented with 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7 mg/kg of Se from DL-SeMet, respectively. The trial lasted for 42 days.
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Prognostic significance of complications after laparoscopic colectomy for colon cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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This study sought to evaluate the prognostic significance of postoperative complications for colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.
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Propofol prevents electroconvulsive-shock-induced memory impairment through regulation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity in a rat model of depression.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Although a rapid and efficient psychiatric treatment, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) induces memory impairment. Modified ECT requires anesthesia for safety purposes. Although traditionally found to exert amnesic effects in general anesthesia, which is an inherent part of modified ECT, some anesthetics have been found to protect against ECT-induced cognitive impairment. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. We investigated the effects of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) on memory in depressed rats undergoing electroconvulsive shock (ECS), the analog of ECT in animals, under anesthesia as well as its mechanisms.
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Recombinant scorpine produced using SUMO fusion partner in Escherichia coli has the activities against clinically isolated bacteria and inhibits the Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia in vitro.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Scorpine, a small cationic peptide from the venom of Pandinus imperator, which has been shown to have anti-bacterial and anti-plasmodial activities, has potential important applications in the pharmaceutical industries. However, the isolation of scorpine from natural sources is inefficient and time-consuming. Here, we first report the expression and purification of recombinant scorpine in Escherichia coli, using small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) fusion partner. The fusion protein was expressed in soluble form in E. coli, and expression was verified by SDS-PAGE and western blotting analysis. The fusion protein was purified to 90% purity by nickel-nitrilotriacetic acid (Ni2+-NTA) resin chromatography. After the SUMO-scorpine fusion protein was cleaved by the SUMO protease, the cleaved sample was reapplied to a Ni2+-NTA column. Tricine/SDS-PAGE gel results indicated that Scorpine had been purified successfully to more than 95% purity. The recombinantly expressed Scorpine showed anti-bacterial activity against two standard bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 19606, and clinically isolated bacteria including S. aureus S, S. aureus R, A. baumannii S, and A. baumannii R. It also produced 100% reduction in Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia in vitro. Thus, the expression strategy presented in this study allowed convenient high yield and easy purification of recombinant Scorpine for pharmaceutical applications in the future.
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[Effect of oxymatrine on JAK2/STAT3 signaling in renal tissues of tats with septic shock].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2013
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To explore the effect of oxymatrine (OMT) on JAK2/STAT3 signaling in renal tissues of rats with septic shock.
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Novel pH-sensitive micelles generated by star-shape copolymers containing zwitterionic sulfobetaine for efficient cellular internalization.
J Biomed Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 09-25-2013
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pH-sensitive micelles are considered promising carriers for tumor targeted drug delivery. In this study, novel pH-sensitive star-shape copolymers of amphiphilic poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-b-poly(N, N-diethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-r-poly(N-(3-sulfopropyl)-N-methacryloxyethy-N, N-diethylammoniumbetaine) (4sPCLDEAS) are designed and synthesized with the combination of ring opening polymerization (ROP) and atom radical transferpolymerization (ATRP). The structure of the copolymers is characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (1HNMR). The poly(N-(3-sulfopropyl)-N-methacryloxyethy-N, N-diethylammoniumbetaine) segment is used instead of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as hydrophilic block in the copolymers to form polymeric micelles. The micelles present spherical shape, narrow size distribution, and are reponsive to the acidity. The CMC of the micelles is as low as 1 x 10(-3) mg mL(-1). Doxorubin (DOX) is efficiently encapsulated in the micelles and the drug release is pH dependant. The cytotoxicity as well as the intracellular drug delivery of the micelles are investigated. The micelles are nontoxic to human cervical carcinoma (Hela) cells. The DOX-loaded micelles are internalized in Hela cells efficiently, which are better than that of hydrophilic doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX x HCl). These pH-sensitive micelles are potential promising carriers for anti-cancer drug delivery.
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Decreased and dysfunctional circulating endothelial progenitor cells in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 09-17-2013
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It has been widely demonstrated that endothelial progenitor cells are involved in several diseases and that they have therapeutic implications. In order to define the altered pulmonary vascular homeostasis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, we sought to observe the level and functions of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
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[Research progress on malaria vector control].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2013
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Vector control plays a crucial role in the stages of malaria control and elimination. Currently, it mainly relies on the chemical control methods for adult mosquitoes in malaria endemic areas, however, it is undergoing the serious threat by insecticide resistance. In recent years, the transgenic technologies of malaria vectors have made a great progress in the laboratory. This paper reviews the challenges of the traditional methods and the rapid developed genetic modified technology in the application of vector control.
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Mass drug administration for the control and elimination of Plasmodium vivax malaria: an ecological study from Jiangsu province, China.
Malar. J.
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2013
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Recent progress in malaria control has caused renewed interest in mass drug administration (MDA) as a potential elimination strategy but the evidence base is limited. China has extensive experience with MDA, but it is not well documented.
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Environmentally friendly ionic liquid-in-water microemulsions for extraction of hydrophilic and lipophilic components from Flos Chrysanthemi.
Analyst
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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Ionic liquids (ILs) have numerous chemical applications as environmentally green solvents that are extending into microemulsion applications. In this work, a novel benign IL-in-water microemulsion system modified by an IL surfactant has been proposed for simultaneous extraction of hydrophilic and lipophilic constituents from Flos Chrysanthemi (Chrysanthemum morifolium). Constituents were analyzed by rapid-resolution liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A mixture-design approach was used to optimize the IL surfactant and the IL oil phase in the microemulsion system. Microemulsions consisting of 6.0% 1-dodecyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate, 0.1% 1-vinyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate and 93.9% water offered the acceptable extract efficiency that are comparable to or even better than conventional volatile organic solvents. This assay was fully validated with respect to the linearity of response (r(2) > 0.999 over two orders of magnitude), precision (intra-RSD < 0.49 and inter-day RSD < 2.21), and accuracy (recoveries ranging from 93.73% to 101.84%). The proposed IL-in-water microemulsion method provided an environmentally friendly alternative for efficient extraction of compounds from Flos Chrysanthemi and could be extended to complex environmental and pharmaceutical samples.
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DNA vaccines targeting the encoded antigens to dendritic cells induce potent antitumor immunity in mice.
BMC Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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Although DNA vaccine holds a great potential for cancer immunotherapy, effective long-lasting antitumoral immunity sufficient to induce durable responses in cancer patients remains to be achieved. Considering the pivotal role of dendritic cells (DC) in the antigen processing and presentation, we prepared DC-targeting DNA vaccines by fusing tumor-associated antigen HER2/neu ectodomain to single chain antibody fragment (scFv) from NLDC-145 antibody specific for DC-restricted surface molecule DEC-205 (scFvNLDC-145), and explored its antitumoral efficacy and underlying mechanisms in mouse breast cancer models.
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[Establishment of malaria early warning system in Jiangsu Province II application of digital earth system in malaria epidemic management and surveillance].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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To explore a new mode of malaria elimination through the application of digital earth system in malaria epidemic management and surveillance.
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[Study on TaqMan-MGB real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR to detect gene mutation of kdr from Anopheles sinensis].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-31-2013
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To establish a Real-time Fluorescence Quantitative PCR to detect the kdr gene mutation in Anopheles sinensis.
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Facile Iron-Mediated Dispersant-Free Suspension Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate via Reverse ATRP in Water.
Macromol Rapid Commun
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2013
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An iron-mediated reverse ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA) is successfully carried out in water in the absence of any dispersants, using a water-soluble 2,2-azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (V-50) as the initiator and the stabilizer, and using an oil-soluble N,N-butyldithiocarbamate ferrum (Fe(S2 CN(C4 H9 )2 )3 ) as the catalyst without adding any additional ligands. Micron-sized PMMA particles with UV light-sensitive -S2 CN(C4 H9 )2 end group are obtained, and monomer droplet nucleation and suspension polymerization mechanism are proposed. Polymerization results demonstrated typical "living"/controlled characteristics of ATRP: first-order polymerization kinetics, linear increase of molecular weights with monomer conversion and narrow molecular weight distributions for the resultant PMMA particles. NMR spectroscopy and chain-extension experiments under UV light irradiation confirm the attachment and livingness of UV light-sensitive -S2 CN(C4 H9 )2 group in the chain end.
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Protective effects of sivelestat in a caerulein-induced rat acute pancreatitis model.
Inflammation
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2013
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In the present study, we investigated the protective effects of sivelestat on acute pancreatitis (AP) in a rat model. Sivelestat is a specific neutrophil elastase inhibitor, which has been developed in Japan in 1991. Varying doses of sivelestat in normal saline were infused continuously in sivelestat-treated groups through osmotic pumps. Blood and pancreas samples were collected for serological and histopathological studies, and ten rats in each group were taken for survival observation. Increasing doses of sivelestat inhibits the expression of lipase, amylase, corticosterone, IL-1?, TNF-?, and nuclear factor-?B. Furthermore, sivelestat reduces the inflammatory cells infiltration, histological damage, and mortality rate. Meanwhile, the total antioxidant power and serum level of IL-4 in high-dose sivelestat-treated groups were increased. Our findings suggest that the increasing doses of sivelestat protect against caerulein-induced AP in rats, and this protection is possibly associated with the anti-inflammatory ability of sivelestat.
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Application of International Videoconferences for Continuing Medical Education Programs Related to Laparoscopic Surgery.
Telemed J E Health
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2013
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Abstract Background: Continuing medical education (CME) is an effective way for practicing physicians to acquire up-to-date clinical information. Materials and Methods: We conducted four CME seminars in 2007-2010 endorsed by the Chinese Medical Association Council on Medical Education. Overseas telelectures and live case demonstrations were introduced in each seminar via telemedicine based on a digital video transport system. Network stability and packet loss were recorded. An anonymous mini-questionnaire was conducted to evaluate the satisfaction of attendees regarding the image and sound quality, content selection, and overall evaluation. Results: Four telelectures and five live case demonstrations were successfully conducted. Stability of the network was maintained during each videoconference. High-quality videos of 720×480 pixels at the rate of 30 frames per second were shown to the entire group of attendees. The time delay between Shanghai and Fukuoka, Japan, was only 0.3?s, and the packet loss was 0%. We obtained 129 valid responses to the mini-questionnaire from a total of 146 attendees. The majority of the attendees were satisfied with the quality of transmitted images and voices and with the selected contents. The overall evaluation was ranked as excellent or good. Conclusions: Videoconferences are excellent channels for CME programs associated with laparoscopic training.
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Replication of the top 10 most significant polymorphisms from a large blood pressure genome-wide association study of northeastern Han Chinese East Asians.
Hypertens. Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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The replication of genome-wide significant association signals in independent populations is a practical approach for characterizing gene-disease relationships. Therefore, we sought to explore the top 10 polymorphisms from a large blood pressure genome-wide association study of northeastern Han Chinese East Asians. This was a hospital-based study involving 1009 patients with essential hypertension and 756 normotensive controls from Qiqihar city, China. Genotyping was conducted with a polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction method. All polymorphisms except for rs6825911 satisfied Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Overall, the genotype differences between the patients and controls were significant for rs35444 (P<0.001), rs11191548 (P=0.017) and rs17249754 (P=0.017). The per-minor-allele odds ratios of rs35444, rs11191548 and rs17249754 were 0.54 (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.46-0.62; P<0.01), 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07-1.43; P=0.005) and 1.23 (95% CI: 1.07-1.41; P=0.004), respectively. Similarly, the carriers of minor homozygotes had a significant reduction in adjusted systolic and diastolic blood pressure for rs35444 (P<0.01) but an increase for both rs11191548 (P<0.01) and rs17249754 (P<0.04). Further application of the genetic risk score method indicated that subjects with risk scores of 8, 10 and 12-16 had 1.66-fold (95% CI: 1.01-2.72), 1.72-fold (95% CI: 1.03-2.86) and 1.97-fold (95% CI: 1.12-3.46) increases, respectively, in the odds of developing hypertension, and similar increases were also observed for blood pressure. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that although only three of the top 10 polymorphisms were successfully validated in the northeastern Han Chinese population, the genetic risk score analyses led us to more profound insights into the possible joint effects of multiple polymorphisms on hypertension risk and blood pressure variation.Hypertension Research advance online publication, 7 November 2013; doi:10.1038/hr.2013.132.
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[Analysis of overseas imported malaria situation and implication for control in Jiangsu Province, PR China].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of overseas imported malaria in Jiangsu Province and explore the strategies and priorities in prevention and control, so as to provide the evidence for improving the diagnosis, treatment and management of imported malaria.
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[Epidemiological analysis of malaria prevalence in Jiangsu Province in 2011].
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2013
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To analyze the malaria prevalence and epidemic characteristics in Jiangsu Province in 2011 so as to provide a basis for drawing up and adjusting effective malaria elimination strategies and measures.
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Blood stage of Plasmodium vivax in central China is still susceptible to chloroquine plus primaquine combination therapy.
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2013
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In central China, Plasmodium vivax accounts for all of the native reported cases of malaria. Chloroquine (CQ) plus primaquine (PQ) have been used for more than 60 years as the frontline drugs, but the risk of treatment failure remains unknown. To measure the effectiveness and safety of CQ-PQ among vivax malaria patients, a total of 39 subjects with monoinfection vivax malaria was enrolled in a study from 2008 to 2009. There were no recrudescence or danger signs observed within the 28-day follow-up period, showing that blood stage of P. vivax isolates from central China is still susceptible to CQ plus PQ combination therapy. However, the antirelapse efficacy of PQ is difficult to assess because of the high rate of loss to follow-up after 28 days; also, parasites persisted in a single case at 3 days post-antimalarial drug treatment, indicating that continuous annual monitoring is needed in central China.
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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.