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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Young Patients With Non-Germinal Center B-Cell-Like Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Benefit From Intensified Chemotherapy With ACVBP Plus Rituximab Compared With CHOP Plus Rituximab: Analysis of Data From the Groupe d'Etudes des Lymphomes de l'Adulte/Lymphoma Study Associ
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-12-2014
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To determine whether any tumor biomarkers could account for the survival advantage observed in the LNH 03-2B trial among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and low-intermediate risk according to the International Prognostic Index when treated with dose-intensive rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, bleomycin, and prednisone (R-ACVBP) compared with standard rituximab, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP).
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Recurrent RAS and PIK3CA mutations in Erdheim-Chester disease.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
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Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare histiocytic disorder that is challenging to diagnose and treat. We performed molecular analysis of BRAF in the largest cohort of ECD patients studied to date followed by N/KRAS, PIK3CA, and AKT1 mutational analysis in BRAF wild-type patients. Forty-six of 80 (57.5%) of patients were BRAFV600E-mutant. NRAS mutations were detected in 3 of 17 ECD BRAFV600E wild-type patients. PIK3CA mutations (p.E542K, p.E545K, p.A1046T, and p.H1047R) were detected in 7 of 55 patients, 4 of whom also had BRAF mutations. Mutant NRAS was present in peripheral blood CD14(+) cells, but not lymphoid cells, from an NRASQ61R mutant patient. Our results underscore the central role of RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK activation in ECD and identify an important role of activation of RAS-PI3K-AKT signaling in ECD. These results provide a rationale for targeting mutant RAS or PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling in the subset of ECD patients with NRAS or PIK3CA mutations.
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DNA comparison between operative and biopsy specimens to investigate stage pT0 after radical prostatectomy.
World J Urol
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2014
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The aim was to eliminate, by DNA comparison, any identity mismatch between operative and biopsy specimens and to analyse the determinants of all pT0 prostate cancers occurred in a single institution.
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Preventing smoking initiation or relapse following 8.5 weeks of involuntary smoking abstinence in basic military training: trial design, interventions, and baseline data.
Contemp Clin Trials
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Smoking cessation is a primary method of reducing excess mortality and morbidity. Unfortunately, the vast majority of cessation attempts end in eventual relapse. Relapse-prevention interventions have shown some success at improving the long-term maintenance of tobacco abstinence among individuals motivated to abstain. However, involuntary tobacco abstinence (e.g., military training, hospitalization, incarceration) presents another opportunity for intervention to prevent relapse. During basic military training (BMT), tobacco use is strictly forbidden in all service branches, but tobacco relapse (and initiation) following BMT is extremely high. This paper reports on the design, intervention development, and baseline characteristics of a randomized controlled trial testing minimal interventions designed to prevent tobacco relapse among United States Air Force (USAF) personnel following BMT. Participants are randomized by squadron to receive either a standard smoking-cessation booklet, a new motivation-based booklet designed specifically for USAF personal, or the latter booklet combined with a brief, face-to-face motivational session. Primary outcomes will be self-reported tobacco use at 12 and 24month follow-up. Given that the Department of Defense is the world's largest employer, the potential of leveraging involuntary tobacco abstinence during BMT into extended abstinence has substantial public health significance.
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Recurrent somatic mutations of PTPN1 in primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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Classical Hodgkin lymphoma and primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma (PMBCL) are related lymphomas sharing pathological, molecular and clinical characteristics. Here we discovered by whole-genome and whole-transcriptome sequencing recurrent somatic coding-sequence mutations in the PTPN1 gene. Mutations were found in 6 of 30 (20%) Hodgkin lymphoma cases, in 6 of 9 (67%) Hodgkin lymphoma-derived cell lines, in 17 of 77 (22%) PMBCL cases and in 1 of 3 (33%) PMBCL-derived cell lines, consisting of nonsense, missense and frameshift mutations. We demonstrate that PTPN1 mutations lead to reduced phosphatase activity and increased phosphorylation of JAK-STAT pathway members. Moreover, silencing of PTPN1 by RNA interference in Hodgkin lymphoma cell line KM-H2 resulted in hyperphosphorylation and overexpression of downstream oncogenic targets. Our data establish PTPN1 mutations as new drivers in lymphomagenesis.
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The activation of the WNT signalling pathway is a hallmark in Neurofibromatosis type 1 tumorigenesis.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2013
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The hallmark of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is the onset of dermal or plexiform neurofibromas, mainly composed of Schwann cells. Plexiform neurofibromas can transform into malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) that are resistant to therapies. Experimental design: The aim of this study was to identify an additional pathway in the NF1-tumorigenesis. We focused our work on Wnt signalling that is highly implicated in cancer, mainly in regulating the proliferation of cancer stem cells. We quantified mRNAs of 89 Wnt pathway genes in 57 NF1-associated tumors including dermal and plexiform neurofibromas and MPNSTs. Expression of two major stem cell marker genes and five major epithelial-mesenchymal transition marker genes was also assessed. The expression of significantly deregulated Wnt genes was then studied in normal human Schwann cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and mast cells and in seven MPNST cell lines.
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STAT6-mediated BCL6 repression in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL).
Oncotarget
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
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Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is characterized by aberrant activation of JAK/STAT-signaling resulting in constitutive presence of phosphorylated STAT6 (pSTAT6). In primary PMBL samples pSTAT6 is only expressed in a sub-population of lymphoma cells in a pattern that is reminiscent of that of the BCL6 oncogene. Double-fluorescence staining was carried out to determine the association between these two proteins in ten primary PMBL cases and three available PMBL cell line models. Surprisingly, only a minute fraction of double-positive nuclei was observed, while each sample contained considerable fractions of single-positive pSTAT6 and BCL6 nuclei. The intratumoral coexistence of BCL6+/pSTAT6- and BCL6-/pSTAT6+ subpopulations suggests a negative interaction between these factors. In silico screening of the STAT6 /BCL6 promoters for DNA consensus binding sites identified five STAT-binding-sites in the BCL6 promoter. We confirmed STAT6 binding to the BCL6 promoter in vitro and in vivo by band shift / super shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitations. Using BCL6 luciferase reporter assays, depletion of STAT6 by siRNA, and ectopic overexpression of a constitutive active STAT6 mutant, we proved that pSTAT6 is sufficient to transcriptionally repress BCL6. Recently developed small molecule inhibitors 79-6 and TG101348 that increases BCL6 target gene expression and decreases pSTAT6 levels, respectively, demonstrate that a combined targeting results in additive efficacy regarding their negative effect on cell viability. The delineated pSTAT6-mediated molecular repression mechanism links JAK/STAT to BCL6-signaling in PMBL and may carry therapeutic potential.
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MicroRNAome profiling in benign and malignant neurofibromatosis type 1-associated nerve sheath tumors: evidences of PTEN pathway alterations in early NF1 tumorigenesis.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2013
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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common dominant tumor predisposition syndrome affecting 1 in 3,500 individuals. The hallmarks of NF1 are the development of peripheral nerve sheath tumors either benign (dermal and plexiform neurofibromas) or malignant (MPNSTs).
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Immunoglobulin heavy chain/light chain pair measurement is associated with survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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Elevated serum free light chains (FLCs) have been associated with an unfavorable prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The aim of this study was to determine the clinical relevance of a quantitative assessment of intact circulating immunoglobulin (Ig), using serum Ig heavy chain/light chain pair (HLC) measurements in patients with DLBCL. FLC and HLC were measured in 409 serum samples of patients with DLBCL included in the LNH03-B clinical trial program of the Groupe dEtudes des Lymphomes de lAdulte (GELA). Patients with an abnormal IgM?/IgM? ratio or an abnormal FLC ratio more frequently displayed adverse clinical characteristics. Patients with abnormal IgM?/IgM? ratios had inferior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) as compared to patients with a normal ratio in the overall cohort (5-year PFS 44.9% vs. 69.3%, p = 0.0003 and 5-year OS 50.8% vs. 78.1%, p = 0.0003) and in the R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) cohort (5-year OS 43.5% vs. 70.3%, p = 0.003). In multivariate analysis, including elevated FLC/HLC and International Prognostic Index (IPI), an abnormal IgM?/IgM? ratio (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-2.3, p = 0.03) remained predictive of shorter progression-free survival. Gene expression profile experiments and immunohistochemistry indicate that this measurement is at least partially related to tumor cell secretion. Both elevated serum FLCs and an abnormal IgM?/IgM? ratio are associated with unfavorable outcomes in patients with DLBCL treated by R-CHOP.
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Performance and cost efficiency of KRAS mutation testing for metastatic colorectal cancer in routine diagnosis: the MOKAECM study, a nationwide experience.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Rapid advances in the understanding of cancer biology have transformed drug development thus leading to the approval of targeted therapies and to the development of molecular tests to select patients that will respond to treatments. KRAS status has emerged as a negative predictor of clinical benefit from anti-EGFR antibodies in colorectal cancer, and anti-EGFR antibodies use was limited to KRAS wild type tumors. In order to ensure wide access to tumor molecular profiling, the French National Cancer Institute (INCa) has set up a national network of 28 regional molecular genetics centers. Concurrently, a nationwide external quality assessment for KRAS testing (MOKAECM) was granted to analyze reproducibility and costs.
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Role of noncoding RNA ANRIL in genesis of plexiform neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis type 1.
J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2011
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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a tumor predisposition syndrome with a worldwide birth incidence of one in 2500. Genetic factors unrelated to the NF1 locus are thought to influence the number of plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs) in patients with NF1, but no factors have been identified to date.
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Identification of genes potentially involved in the increased risk of malignancy in NF1-microdeleted patients.
Mol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 06-14-2010
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Patients with NF1 microdeletion develop more neurofibromas at a younger age, and have an increased risk of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs). We postulated that the increased risk of malignancy could be due to inactivation, in addition to NF1, of a second tumor suppressor gene located in the typical 1.4-Mb microdeletion found in most of the microdeleted patients. We investigated the expression of NF1, the other 16 protein-coding genes and the 2 microRNAs located in the 1.4-Mb microdeletion by means of real-time quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in a large series of human dermal and plexiform neurofibromas and MPNSTs. Five genes were significantly upregulated: OMG and SUZ12 in plexiform neurofibromas and ATAD5, EVI2A and C17orf79 in MPNSTs. More interestingly, two genes were significantly downregulated (RNF135 and CENTA2) in tumor Schwann cells from MPNST biopsies and in MPNST cell lines. This study points to the involvement of several genes (particularly RNF135 and CENTA2) in the increased risk of malignancy observed in NF1-microdeleted patients.
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Diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with CDKN2A deletion have a distinct gene expression signature and a poor prognosis under R-CHOP treatment: a GELA study.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2010
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Genomic alterations play a crucial role in the development and progression of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). We determined gene copy number alterations (GCNAs) of TP53, CDKN2A, CDKN1B, BCL2, MYC, REL, and RB1 with a single polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (quantitative multiplex PCR of short fragments [QMPSF]) in a cohort of 114 patients with DLBCL to assess their prognostic value and relationship with the gene expression profile. Losses of TP53 and CDKN2A, observed in 8% and 35% of patients, respectively, were significantly associated with a shorter survival after rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) treatment, independently of the International Prognostic Index and of the cell of origin. Analysis of the 9p21 genomic region indicated that transcripts encoding p14ARF and p16INK4A were both disrupted in most patients with CDKN2A deletion. These patients predominantly had an activated B-cell profile and showed a specific gene expression signature, characterized by dysregulation of the RB/E2F pathway, activation of cellular metabolism, and decreased immune and inflammatory responses. These features may constitute the molecular basis sustaining the unfavorable outcome and chemoresistance of this DLBCL subgroup. Detection of TP53 and CDKN2A loss by QMPSF is a powerful tool that could be used for patient stratification in future clinical trials.
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SOX9 expression increases with malignant potential in tumors from patients with neurofibromatosis 1 and is not correlated to desert hedgehog.
Hum. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2010
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We investigated the expression of SOX9, a transcription factor linked to the hedgehog pathways, and desert hedgehog, previously shown to be expressed in a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor cell line, in neurofibromatosis 1 tumors (neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor), and in a group of sporadic spindle cell sarcomas. We found that SOX9 was expressed in Schwann cells from neurofibromatosis 1 tumors, and was significantly up-regulated in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor versus neurofibromas at the protein level (P < .0001) and in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor and plexiform neurofibroma as compared to diffuse tumors at the mRNA level (P = .002 and P = .009, respectively). SOX9, however, was not a specific feature of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor because a significant proportion of spindle cell sarcomas unrelated to neurofibromatosis 1 were also positive. Interestingly, within neurofibromas, SOX9 expression correlated to the histology mostly found in plexiform areas, whereas it was negative or weak in diffuse neurofibroma (P < .0001). In sporadic sarcomas, the proportion of positive cells was actually heterogeneous among cases. Desert hedgehog expression was mostly found in sarcomas (P = .0002), but diffuse staining was only seen in non-neurofibromatosis 1 tumors, whereas malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor displayed only focal expression. Finally, we found no significant correlation between the expression of SOX9 and desert hedgehog, and neither SOX9 nor desert hedgehog expression was correlated to the histoprognostic grade in sarcomas. Altogether, these results indicate that, although not a specific feature of neurofibromatosis 1 tumors, SOX9 may play a role in the development of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in patients with neurofibromatosis 1 and does not appear to be linked to autocrine stimulation by the desert hedgehog signaling pathway.
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Immuno-fluorescence in situ hybridization index predicts survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with R-CHOP: a GELA study.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2009
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To evaluate the prognostic value of cell of origin immunohistochemical markers and BCL2, BCL6, and c-MYC translocations in a homogeneous cohort of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP).
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Recurrent mutations of the STAT6 DNA binding domain in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2009
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Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a separate entity of aggressive B-cell lymphoma, characterized by a constitutive activation of janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) signaling pathway, also observed in Hodgkin lymphoma. Although many cancers exhibit constitutive JAK-STAT pathway activation, mutations of STAT genes have not been reported in neoplasms. Here, we show that MedB-1 PMBL-derived and L1236 Hodgkin-derived cell lines and 20 of 55 (36%) PMBL cases harbor heterozygous missense mutations in STAT6 DNA binding domain, whereas no mutation was found in 25 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma samples. In 3 cases, somatic origin was indicated by the absence of the mutations in the nontumoral tissue. The pattern of STAT6 mutations was different from the classical features of somatic hypermutations. The mutant STAT6 proteins showed a decreased DNA binding ability in transfected HEK cells, but no decrease in expression of STAT6 canonical target genes was observed in PMBL cases with a mutated STAT6 gene. Although the oncogenic properties of STAT6 mutant proteins remain to be determined, their recurrent selection in PMBL strongly argues for their involvement in the pathogenesis of this aggressive B-cell lymphoma.
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Preliminary findings of a randomized controlled trial of an interdisciplinary military pain program.
Mil Med
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2009
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Chronic pain related to musculoskeletal conditions is the leading cause of medical discharge from active duty military service. The present study is the first randomized controlled trial of an interdisciplinary pain treatment program (functional restoration, FR) to decrease chronic musculoskeletal pain and increase functioning in an active duty military population. Sixty-six military participants were randomly assigned to either an FR treatment group or a standard anesthesia pain clinic treatment comparison group. A repeated measures design was employed and data were analyzed for pre- to post-treatment differences, as well as for 6-months and 1-year post-treatment outcomes. Findings revealed significantly greater improvements for the FR group on self-reported pain, disability, functional status, and fitness for military duty at the post-treatment and follow-up points, relative to the comparison group. These results clearly demonstrate the efficacy and military relevance of a FR program for active duty military personnel who have chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders.
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Evaluation of a low density DNA microarray for small B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma differential diagnosis.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2009
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Lymphomas are classified according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification which defines subtypes on the basis of clinical, morphological, immunophenotypic, molecular and cytogenetic criteria. Differential diagnosis of the subtypes is sometimes difficult, especially for small B-cell lymphoma (SBCL). Standardisation of molecular genetic assays using multiple gene expression analysis by microarrays could be a useful complement to the current diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to develop a low density DNA microarray for the analysis of 107 genes associated with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and to evaluate its performance in the diagnosis of SBCL. A predictive tool based on Fisher discriminant analysis using a training set of 40 patients including four different subtypes (follicular lymphoma n = 15, mantle cell lymphoma n = 7, B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia n = 6 and splenic marginal zone lymphoma n = 12) was designed. A short additional preliminary analysis to gauge the accuracy of this signature was then performed on an external set of nine patients. Using this model, eight of nine of those samples were classified successfully. This pilot study demonstrates that such a microarray tool may be a promising diagnostic approach for small B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
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A meta-analysis of the relationship between FGFR3 and TP53 mutations in bladder cancer.
PLoS ONE
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TP53 and FGFR3 mutations are the most common mutations in bladder cancers. FGFR3 mutations are most frequent in low-grade low-stage tumours, whereas TP53 mutations are most frequent in high-grade high-stage tumours. Several studies have reported FGFR3 and TP53 mutations to be mutually exclusive events, whereas others have reported them to be independent. We carried out a meta-analysis of published findings for FGFR3 and TP53 mutations in bladder cancer (535 tumours, 6 publications) and additional unpublished data for 382 tumours. TP53 and FGFR3 mutations were not independent events for all tumours considered together (OR?=?0.25 [0.18-0.37], p?=?0.0001) or for pT1 tumours alone (OR?=?0.47 [0.28-0.79], p?=?0.0009). However, if the analysis was restricted to pTa tumours or to muscle-invasive tumours alone, FGFR3 and TP53 mutations were independent events (OR?=?0.56 [0.23-1.36] (p?=?0.12) and OR?=?0.99 [0.37-2.7] (p?=?0.35), respectively). After stratification of the tumours by stage and grade, no dependence was detected in the five tumour groups considered (pTaG1 and pTaG2 together, pTaG3, pT1G2, pT1G3, pT2-4). These differences in findings can be attributed to the putative existence of two different pathways of tumour progression in bladder cancer: the CIS pathway, in which FGFR3 mutations are rare, and the Ta pathway, in which FGFR3 mutations are frequent. TP53 mutations occur at the earliest stage of the CIS pathway, whereas they occur would much later in the Ta pathway, at the T1G3 or muscle-invasive stage.
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Rituximab and chlorambucil versus rituximab alone in gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma according to t(11;18) status: a monocentric non-randomized observational study.
Leuk. Lymphoma
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Forty-nine patients, t(11;18)-positive (n = 31) and t(11;18)-negative (n = 18), were treated without randomization with rituximab-chlorambucil or rituximab alone. Evaluation was performed at week (W) 6, week (W) 25 and every 6 months (Wx). Comparing the rituximab-chlorambucil group to the rituximab-alone group, remission was obtained in 93% vs. 66% at W6 (p = 0.01), in 93% vs. 81% at W25 (p = 0.14) and in 93% vs. 76% at Wx (p = 0.07). Comparing the rituximab-chlorambucil group to the rituximab-alone group in t(11;18)-positive patients, remission was obtained in 100% vs. 45% at W6 (p = 0.0005), in 100% vs. 66% at W25 (p = 0.01) and in 96% vs. 55% at Wx (p = 0.01). Comparing the rituximab-chlorambucil group to the rituximab-alone group in t(11;18)-negative patients, remission was obtained in 66% vs. 83% at W6 (p = 0.32), in 66% vs. 92% at W25 (p = 0.22) and in 83% vs. 92% at Wx (p = 0.47). In conclusion, rituximab-chlorambucil is significantly more rapidly efficient than rituximab alone. In t(11;18)-positive patients, the combination is more efficient than rituximab alone. In t(11;18)-negative patients, rituximab alone is as efficient as rituximab-chlorambucil and may be an alternative treatment.
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ER stress in diffuse large B cell lymphoma: GRP94 is a possible biomarker in germinal center versus activated B-cell type.
Leuk. Res.
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The process of B-cell development is characterized by the activation of the unfolded protein response. Under certain circumstances, the unfolded protein response can be manipulated in a cell death-inducing way. Therefore, tackling the unfolded protein response might be an attractive strategy in the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Our research showed more basal unfolded protein response activity and differences in the inducibility of ER stress in activated B-cell versus germinal center cell lines. Moreover, the diffuse large B cell lymphoma patient data revealed that the glucose-regulated protein 94 is new potential discriminator for diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
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CDKN2A homozygous deletion is associated with muscle invasion in FGFR3-mutated urothelial bladder carcinoma.
J. Pathol.
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The gene cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (CDKN2A) is frequently inactivated by deletion in bladder carcinoma. However, its role in bladder tumourigenesis remains unclear. We investigated the role of CDKN2A deletion in urothelial carcinogenesis, as a function of FGFR3 mutation status, a marker for one of the two pathways of bladder tumour progression, the Ta pathway. We studied 288 bladder carcinomas: 177 non-muscle-invasive (123 Ta, 54 T1) and 111 muscle-invasive (T2-4) tumours. CDKN2A copy number was determined by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification, and FGFR3 mutations by SNaPshot analysis. FGFR3 mutation was detected in 124 tumours (43.1%) and CDKN2A homozygous deletion in 56 tumours (19.4%). CDKN2A homozygous deletion was significantly more frequent in FGFR3-mutated tumours than in wild-type FGFR3 tumours (p = 0.0015). This event was associated with muscle-invasive tumours within the FGFR3-mutated subgroup (p < 0.0001) but not in wild-type FGFR3 tumours. Similar findings were obtained for an independent series of 101 bladder carcinomas. The impact of CDKN2A deletions on recurrence-free and progression-free survival was then analysed in 89 patients with non-muscle-invasive FGFR3-mutated tumours. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that CDKN2A losses (hemizygous and homozygous) were associated with progression (p = 0.0002), but not with recurrence, in these tumours. Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified CDKN2A loss as a predictor of progression independent of stage and grade. These findings highlight the crucial role of CDKN2A loss in the progression of non-muscle-invasive FGFR3-mutated bladder carcinomas and provide a potentially useful clinical marker for adapting the treatment of such tumours, which account for about 50% of cases at initial clinical presentation.
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Is elevated gastric tissue NOX2 associated with lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue?
Antioxid. Redox Signal.
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Abstract Helicobacter pylori infection plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of gastric extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). However, the host response to this infection is also important in the development of the disease. In particular, NADPH oxidases (NOXs) which generate reactive oxygen species are known to induce cell damage possibly leading to carcinogenesis. We analyze for the first time NOX expression in a series of well characterized gastric MALT lymphoma (GML) patients in comparison with controls. Our observation leads to the hypothesis that NOX2 expression is significantly associated with GML.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.