JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Low expression of T-cell transcription factor BCL11b predicts inferior survival in adult standard risk T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.
J Hematol Oncol
PUBLISHED: 04-30-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Risk stratification, detection of minimal residual disease (MRD), and implementation of novel therapeutic agents have improved outcome in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but survival of adult patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) remains unsatisfactory. Thus, novel molecular insights and therapeutic approaches are urgently needed.
Related JoVE Video
Outcome of patients with abnl(17p) acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and abnormalities of chromosome 17p (abnl(17p)) are at high-risk of treatment failure. Poor outcomes have been reported with conventional chemotherapy. To accurately define the outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in patients with abnl(17p) AML, we analyzed the results of patients with this abnormality who received an allogeneic HSCT between January 2000 and December 2010 in 1 of 4 well-defined cohorts (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Haemato Oncology Foundation for Adults in the Netherlands, Study Alliance Leukemia, German Cooperative Transplant Study Group). Data of 201 patients with a median age of 54 years were evaluable. At the time of analysis, 30 patients were alive with a median follow-up of 30 months. The 3-year probability of overall survival (OS) was 15% (95% confidence interval [CI], 10-20). The cumulative incidence of relapse at 3 years was 49% (95% CI, 42-56). Notably, almost 70% of all relapses occurred within the first 6 months after HSCT. Patients who were transplanted in first complete remission (CR1) had superior OS compared with those with advanced disease (22% vs 9%, P < .001). Our findings confirm the high-risk of treatment failure in abnl(17p) AML even after allogeneic HSCT in CR1. Although allogeneic HSCT remains a valid option in CR1, alternative treatment strategies are needed for the remaining patients.
Related JoVE Video
Two cycles of risk-adapted consolidation therapy in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Results from the SAL-AIDA2000 trial.
Ann. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The combination of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and idarubicin (AIDA) for induction therapy followed by three cycles of risk-adapted consolidation cycles is considered standard of care for patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). We report the outcome of 141 patients (median age 51 years; range, 19-82, 31 % ?60 years) enrolled into the prospective Study Alliance Leukemia (SAL)-AIDA2000 trial, which comprised AIDA-based induction followed by only two courses of risk-adapted consolidation (daunorubicin or mitoxantrone?±?cytarabine) followed by 2-year maintenance treatment. The early death rate was 7 % (median age 66 years), and additional 9 % stopped further treatment after induction. The estimated 6-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 80 % in all patients, 84 % in patients ?60 and 72 % in patients >60 years (p?=?0.140). No significant survival differences were observed between the high-risk and the non-high-risk patients (6-year OS 78 vs. 81 %, p?=?0.625). Our results confirm the efficacy of a risk-adapted approach in APL patients. Furthermore, long-term outcomes are comparable to the results obtained with three cycles of consolidation. A modification of the number and intensity of conventional consolidation treatment may be a less toxic but equally effective approach and should be considered for further evaluation in randomized clinical trials in APL.
Related JoVE Video
Impact of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with abnl(17p) acute myeloid leukaemia.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) as compared to chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients with abnormalities of chromosome 17p [abnl(17p)] has not yet been defined. Therefore, we analysed 3530 AML patients treated in three randomized, prospective, controlled clinical trials and compared post-remission therapies using a multivariate Cox regression analysis to determine whether allogeneic HSCT is superior than chemotherapy in overcoming the detrimental impact of patients with abnl(17p) AML. One hundred and forty-three patients (4%) were identified with abnl(17p) AML. All patients had received intensive induction chemotherapy. Forty-seven patients with a median age of 54 years (18-69 years) proceeded to allogeneic HSCT in first or second remission. The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate for the entire cohort of patients was 4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 1-7%]. OS and event-free survival at 3 years, calculated from the day of HSCT, was 11% (95% CI, 2-20%) and 6% (95% CI, 0-13%), respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed no benefit of allogeneic HSCT compared to chemotherapy (Hazard Ratio 0·97, 95% CI 0·56-1·67, P = 0·9). In conclusion, allogeneic HSCT does not improve survival in patients with abnl(17p) AML as compared to other adverse cytogenetic risk abnormalities.
Related JoVE Video
Acceptance of hospital nurses toward sensor-based medication systems: a questionnaire survey.
Int J Nurs Stud
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Sensor-based technologies offer numerous benefits in hospital environments as they can be used (1) to improve efficiency defined processes and (2) to monitor their conduction in order to prevent errors. However, the impact of these technologies on the stakeholders involved such as professional ward nurses is largely unexplored. The early assessment of technology acceptance and user resistance is crucial to anticipate potential conflicts and to improve future implementation success.
Related JoVE Video
Long-term prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia according to the new genetic risk classification of the European LeukemiaNet recommendations: evaluation of the proposed reporting system.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The current European LeukemiaNet (ELN) recommendations for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) propose a new risk reporting system, integrating molecular and cytogenetic factors and subdividing the large heterogenous group of intermediate-risk patients into intermediate-I (IR-I) and intermediate-II (IR-II). We assessed the prognostic value of the new risk classification in a large cohort of patients.
Related JoVE Video
Dose intensity of chemotherapy in patients with relapsed Hodgkins lymphoma.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation (PBSCT) has become the standard treatment for patients with relapsed Hodgkins lymphoma (HL). The intensity of treatment needed is unclear. This European intergroup study evaluated the impact of sequential high-dose chemotherapy (SHDCT) before myeloablative therapy.
Related JoVE Video
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancies after dose-escalated treosulfan/fludarabine conditioning.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Treosulfan was introduced recently as a conditioning agent for allogeneic blood stem-cell transplantation. The favorable nonhematologic toxicity profile at 3 x 10 g/m(2) was the basis for dose escalation in this prospective, multicenter trial.
Related JoVE Video
ENT manifestations in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia: prevalence and significance of otorhinolaryngologic co-morbidities.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare inherited disease with a prevalence of about 1:20,000. The underlying pathogenesis is disrupted ciliary function, which results in delayed mucus transportation leading to chronic inflammation, mainly in the upper and lower respiratory tract. Although the pathogenesis of the disease and its clinical presentation is somewhat understood, data regarding the prevalence of accompanying symptoms is limited, especially in the field of otorhinolaryngology. A total of 44 patients diagnosed with PCD answered a questionnaire regarding the diagnosis and clinical presentation of the disease, their medical history and clinical manifestations, and medical treatment in the field of otorhinolaryngology. The majority of participants (70%) had seen a physician more than 50 times before the diagnosis was made at an average age of 10.9 ± 14.4 years. As much as 59% of all patients had recurring problems at the paranasal sinuses and 69% of these patients needed corresponding surgical intervention. Even more patients (81%) suffered from recurring otitis media and, as a result, 78% of these patients underwent paracentesis with temporary tympanostomy tubes at least once at an average age of 9.5 ± 13.0 years. Otorhinolaryngologic symptoms, especially chronic otitis media and chronic rhinosinusitis, are frequently associated with PCD. Surgical intervention to treat these symptoms is common. The awareness of this disease should be raised, especially among ENT physicians, and surgical intervention should be indicated carefully.
Related JoVE Video
Whole effluent assessment of industrial wastewater for determination of bat compliance: Part 1: Paper manufacturing industry.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The applicability of the Whole Effluent Assessment concept for the proof of compliance with the "best available techniques" has been analysed with paper mill wastewater from Germany by considering its persistency (P), potentially bio-accumulative substances (B) and toxicity (T).
Related JoVE Video
Whole effluent assessment of industrial wastewater for determination of BAT compliance. Part 2: metal surface treatment industry.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Toxicity testing has become a suitable tool for wastewater evaluation included in several reference documents on best available techniques of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. The IPPC Directive requires that for direct dischargers as well as for indirect dischargers, the same best available techniques should be applied. Within the study, the whole effluent assessment approach of OSPAR has been applied for determining persistent toxicity of indirectly discharged wastewater from the metal surface treatment industry.
Related JoVE Video
Reduced-intensity conditioning versus standard conditioning before allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in first complete remission: a prospective, open-label randomised phase 3 trial.
Lancet Oncol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Reduced-intensity conditioning regimens have been developed to minimise early toxic effects and deaths after allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplantation. However, the efficacy of these regimens before this procedure has not been investigated in a randomised trial. In this prospective, open-label randomised phase 3 trial we compared a reduced-intensity fludarabine-based conditioning regimen with a standard regimen in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia in first complete remission.
Related JoVE Video
Cognitive flexibility in juvenile anorexia nervosa patients before and after weight recovery.
J Neural Transm
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Deficits in set-shifting abilities have been robustly described in adult patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). These deficits are associated with behavioral traits, such as rigidity and perfectionism, and are independent of starvation. However, little is known about neurocognitive deficits in juvenile patients with AN. The brain circuits that support set shifting are not fully mature in these patients. One possibility is that neuroendocrinological changes, such as elevated cortisol levels, contributing to alterations in cognitive performance in individuals with AN. Set-shifting abilities (Visual Set-Shifting Task), cortisol levels, self-reported perfectionism and obsessive personality traits were assessed in 28 female adolescent patients with AN before (T0) and after (T1) weight rehabilitation and compared with 27 age- and IQ-matched healthy controls (CG). Compared with the CG, AN patients showed increased reaction times (RT) in shift trials (p < 0.001) and reduced error rates in both shift and non-shift trials across time points (p < 0.05). Across all subjects, perfectionism was associated with increased RTs during shift trials at T1 (r = 0.35, p < 0.05). Subjects with lower cortisol levels showed increased RTs and more errors in non-shift trials (p < 0.05). In contrast to the findings in adult patients, adolescent patients with AN did not display a marked deficit in set-shifting abilities. Instead, they demonstrated a perfectionistic cognitive style that was characterized by increased RTs in shift trials but improved accuracy. One could speculate that the shorter duration of illness and the incomplete maturation of the prefrontal cortices contribute to these findings.
Related JoVE Video
Approach for detecting mutagenicity of biodegraded and ozonated pharmaceuticals, metabolites and transformation products from a drinking water perspective.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Many pharmaceuticals and related metabolites are not efficiently removed in sewage treatment plants and enter into surface water. There, they might be subject of drinking water abstraction and treatment by ozonation. In this study, a systematic approach for producing and effect-based testing of transformation products (TPs) during the drinking water ozonation process is proposed. For this, two pharmaceutical parent substances, three metabolites and one environmental degradation product were investigated with respect to their biodegradability and fate during drinking water ozonation. The Ames test (TA98, TA100) was used for the identification of mutagenic activity present in the solutions after testing inherent biodegradability and/or after ozonation of the samples. Suspicious results were complemented with the umu test. Due to the low substrate concentration required for ozonation, all ozonated samples were concentrated via solid phase extraction (SPE) before performing the Ames test. With the exception of piracetam, all substances were only incompletely biodegradable, suggesting the formation of stable TPs. Metformin, piracetam and guanylurea could not be removed completely by the ozonation process. We received some evidence that technical TPs are formed by ozonation of metformin and piracetam, whereas all tested metabolites were not detectable by analytical means after ozonation. In the case of guanylurea, one ozonation TP was identified by LC/MS. None of the experiments showed an increase of mutagenic effects in the Ames test. However, the SPE concentration procedure might lead to false-positive results due to the generation of mutagenic artefacts or might lead to false-negative results by missing adequate recovery efficiency. Thus, these investigations should always be accompanied by process blank controls that are carried out along the whole ozonation and SPE procedure. The study presented here is a first attempt to investigate the significance of transformation products by a systematic approach. However, the adequacy and sensitivity of the methodology need to be further investigated. The approach of combining biodegradation and ozonation with effect-based assays is a promising tool for the early detection of potential hazards from TPs as drinking water contaminants. It can support the strategy for the evaluation of substances and metabolites in drinking water. A multitude of possible factors which influence the results have to be carefully considered, among them the selectivity and sensibility of the mutagenicity test applied, the extraction method for concentrating the relevant compounds and the biocompatibility of the solvent. Therefore, the results have to be carefully interpreted, and possible false-negative and false-positive results should be considered.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.