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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Selective Inhibition of Mutant Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) via Disruption of a Metal Binding Network by an Allosteric Small Molecule.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 11-14-2014
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Cancer-associated point mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1, IDH2) confer a neomorphic enzymatic activity: the reduction of alpha-ketoglutarate (?KG) to D-2-hydroxyglutaric acid (2HG), which is proposed to act as an oncogenic metabolite by inducing hypermethylation of histones and DNA. While selective inhibitors of mutant IDH1 and IDH2 have been identified and are currently under investigation as potential cancer therapeutics, the mechanistic basis for their selectivity is not yet well-understood. A high-throughput screen for selective inhibitors of IDH1 bearing the oncogenic mutation R132H identified Compound 1, a bis-imidazole phenol that inhibits 2HG production in cells. We investigated the mode of inhibition of Compound 1 and a previously published IDH1 mutant inhibitor with a different chemical scaffold. Steady-state kinetics and biophysical studies show that both of these compounds selectively inhibit mutant IDH1 by binding to an allosteric site, and that inhibition is competitive with respect to Mg(2+). A crystal structure of Compound 1 complexed with R132H IDH1 indicates that the inhibitor binds at the dimer interface and makes a direct contact with a residue involved in binding of the catalytically essential divalent cation. These results show that targeting a divalent cation binding residue can enable selective inhibition of mutant IDH1, and suggest that differences in magnesium binding between wild-type and mutant enzymes may contribute to the inhibitors' selectivity for the mutant enzyme.
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Evaluation of cancer dependence and druggability of PRP4 kinase using cellular, biochemical, and structural approaches.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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PRP4 kinase is known for its roles in regulating pre-mRNA splicing and beyond. Therefore, a wider spectrum of PRP4 kinase substrates could be expected. The role of PRP4 kinase in cancer is also yet to be fully elucidated. Attaining specific and potent PRP4 inhibitors would greatly facilitate the study of PRP4 biological function and its validation as a credible cancer target. In this report, we verified the requirement of enzymatic activity of PRP4 in regulating cancer cell growth and identified an array of potential novel substrates through orthogonal proteomics approaches. The ensuing effort in structural biology unveiled for the first time unique features of PRP4 kinase domain and its potential mode of interaction with a low molecular weight inhibitor. These results provide new and important information for further exploration of PRP4 kinase function in cancer.
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Fragment screening of inhibitors for MIF tautomerase reveals a cryptic surface binding site.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2010
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In the course of a fragment screening campaign by in silico docking followed by X-ray crystallography, a novel binding site for migration inhibitory factor (MIF) inhibitors was demonstrated. The site is formed by rotation of the side-chain of Tyr-36 to reveal a surface binding site in MIF that is hydrophobic and surrounded by aromatic side-chain residues. The crystal structures of two small inhibitors that bind to this site and of a quinolinone inhibitor, that spans the canonical deep pocket near Pro-1 and the new surface binding site, have been solved. These results suggest new opportunities for structure-based design of MIF inhibitors.
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Discovery of novel inhibitors for DHODH via virtual screening and X-ray crystallographic structures.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
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Amino-benzoic acid derivatives 1-4 were found to be inhibitors for DHODH by virtual screening, biochemical, and X-ray crystallographic studies. X-ray structures showed that 1 and 2 bind to DHODH as predicted by virtual screening, but 3 and 4 were found to be structurally different from the corresponding compounds initially identified by virtual screening.
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Discovery of covalent inhibitors for MIF tautomerase via cocrystal structures with phantom hits from virtual screening.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2009
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Biochemical and X-ray crystallographic studies confirmed that hydroxyquinoline derivatives identified by virtual screening were actually covalent inhibitors of the MIF tautomerase. Adducts were formed by N-alkylation of the Pro-1 at the catalytic site with a loss of an amino group of the inhibitor.
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X-ray crystallographic structure-based design of selective thienopyrazole inhibitors for interleukin-2-inducible tyrosine kinase.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
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Beginning with a screening hit, unique thienopyrazole-indole inhibitors of Itk (interleukin-2-inducible tyrosine kinase) were designed, synthesized, and crystallized in the target kinase. Although initial compounds were highly active in Itk, they were not selective. Increasing the steric bulk around a tertiary alcohol at the 5-indole position dramatically improved selectivity toward Lyk and Syk, but not Txk. Substitutions at the 3- and 4-indole positions gave less active compounds that remained poorly selective. A difluoromethyl substitution at the 5-position of the thienopyrazole led to a highly potent and selective compound. Phenyl at this position reduced activity and selectivity while pushing the side-chains of Lys-391 and Asp-500 away from the binding pocket. Novel and selective thienopyrazole inhibitors of Itk were designed as a result of combining structure-based design and medicinal chemistry.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.