MoS2 nanoflowers with expanded interlayer spacing of the (002) plane were synthesized and used as high-performance anode in Na-ion batteries. By controlling the cut-off voltage to the range of 0.4-3?V, an intercalation mechanism rather than a conversion reaction is taking place. The MoS2 nanoflower electrode shows high discharge capacities of 350?mAh?g(-1) at 0.05?A?g(-1) , 300?mAh?g(-1) at 1?A?g(-1) , and 195?mAh?g(-1) at 10?A?g(-1) . An initial capacity increase with cycling is caused by peeling off MoS2 layers, which produces more active sites for Na(+) storage. The stripping of MoS2 layers occurring in charge/discharge cycling contributes to the enhanced kinetics and low energy barrier for the intercalation of Na(+) ions. The electrochemical reaction is mainly controlled by the capacitive process, which facilitates the high-rate capability. Therefore, MoS2 nanoflowers with expanded interlayers hold promise for rechargeable Na-ion batteries.
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