JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Transformation of membrane nanosurface of red blood cells under hemin action.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Hemin is the product of hemoglobin oxidation. Some diseases may lead to a formation of hemin. The accumulation of hemin causes destruction of red blood cells (RBC) membranes. In this study the process of development of topological defects of RBC membranes within the size range from nanoscale to microscale levels is shown. The formation of the grain-like structures in the membrane ("grains") with typical sizes of 120-200 nm was experimentally shown. The process of formation of "grains" was dependent on the hemin concentration and incubation time. The possible mechanism of membrane nanostructure alterations is proposed. The kinetic equations of formation and transformation of small and medium topological defects were analyzed. This research can be used to study the cell intoxication and analyze the action of various agents on RBC membranes.
Related JoVE Video
Dynamics of DNA synthesis disturbance and recovery after fractionated irradiation of S phase cells.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Using the autoradiographic method we studied the kinetics of DNA synthesis during themitotic cycle of mouse corneal epithelial cells after ?-irradiation in a dose of 2 Gy at different S-phase points. Normally, S phase in corneal epitheliocytes includes S1 and S2 phases separated by an interval during which DNA is not synthesized. Double exposure modifies the pattern of DNA synthesis in the cell due to reparation of injuries. The reparative processes in the cell are realized during the interval between the S1 and S2 phases and at the expense of g1 period of the mitotic cycle. If the cell has no time for reparation, the injuries are transferred into the class of "latent" injuries.
Related JoVE Video
[Comparative study of MDCK and CaCo-2 cell lines for influenza virus isolation].
Vopr. Virusol.
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Study of effectiveness of CaCo-2 cell line for influenza virus isolation was carried out. It was shown that the properties of this cell line strongly depended on the source of its origin and cultivation conditions. The infectious activity of the influenza viruses on CaCo-2 cell line was virtually the same as in the MDCK cell line. The rate of the viral isolation was virtually identical for both cell lines tested, but viruses from post-mortem materials were isolated only in CaCo-2 cell line. In general, the CaCo-2 line is believed to be a valuable cell line for virological research, particularly for influenza virus isolation.
Related JoVE Video
[Significance of a method for determination of deamidated gliadin peptide in the diagnosis of celiac disease].
Ter. Arkh.
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To define the value of a new enzyme immunoassay in determining the level of anti-deamidated gliadin peptide (DGP) antibodies (Abs) in the diagnosis of celiac disease.
Related JoVE Video
[Influence of cytoflavin on symptoms of asthenia, emotional disorders and autonomic regulation in patients with organic asthenic disorder].
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The present observational study addressed effects of cytoflavine on symptoms of asthenia and emotional and autonomic regulation in patients with organic emotional-labile (asthenic) disorder (F06.6). Fifty one females and 49 males (mean age 36.8±11.0 years) were included into the study during their in-patient treatment in Moscow Research and Clinical Center for Neuropsychiatry of the Healthcare Department. All patients received standard antidepressant and vascular therapy, were consulted by psychologists or psychotherapists, visited physiotherapeutic procedures, massage and medical physical training. In addition, 50 patients received cytoflavin two tablets twice per day. At the psychiatric re-assessment before discharge both cytoflavin and control groups showed similar significant reduction of asthenia symptoms. At the same time, patients with cognitive deficits showed significantly larger improvement of cognitive functions after cytoflavin treatment in comparison with cognitively deficient patients after only standard therapy. Improvement of depressive symptoms was significantly larger in cytoflavin group in comparison with controls as well. These data are consistent with previous studies which showed cytoflavin to be effective as a treatment for patients with cognitive deficits and organic depression.
Related JoVE Video
Reparation as a Factor Contributing to Genetic Variability of the Biological System.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Kinetics of DNA synthesis in mitotic cycle of in mouse corneal epithelial cells after ?-irradiation in different S phase points was studied by the method of autoradiography. Normally, S phase of corneal epithelial cells consists of two phases (S1 and S2) separated by an interval without DNA synthesis. Each phase, in turn, includes two subphases with a pause in DNA synthesis. It was hypothesized that pauses in DNA synthesis, similar to that during presynthetic g1 phase, correspond to periods of cell preparation to the next stage of their development. After irradiation, reparation proceeds during pauses at different phases of the cell cycle. The mechanism of reparation induces cell genome rearrangement.
Related JoVE Video
[The informative value of oral mucosal biopsy for the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis].
Arkh. Patol.
PUBLISHED: 12-18-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
One hundred and thirteen oral mucosal biopsy specimens were analyzed in patients suspected of having systemic amyloidosis. Histological, immunohistochemical, and genetic studies and polarized light microscopy revealed oral amyloid deposits in 72.6% of cases, including 63.5% with metabolic syndrome and 36.5% with another etiology of chronic heart failure (coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy). Systemic amyloidosis was found in 13.4% of cases (hereditary transthyretin, AL, and senile forms in 1.8, 10.5, and 1.1% cases, respectively). An anterior abdominal wall skin flap was a valid location to reveal the systemic forms of amyloidosis. Patients with metabolic syndrome and periodontal diseases may have local oral amyloidosis.
Related JoVE Video
[Carcinogenic and mutagenic activity of chrysotile, processed with iron chloride (III)].
Gig Sanit
PUBLISHED: 12-18-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This work is devoted to the study of the role of iron ions in the carcinogenic and mutagenic activity of chrysotile. For this aim natural chrysotile was treated with ferric chloride (III), washed, crushed and intratracheally introduced into Wistar rats. When administered to rats intact chrysotile induced mesotheliomas in 27,9 + 4,6% of cases, and chrysotile modified with ferric chloride - in 1,3 +/- 1,3%. Mutagenicity of the same samples was studied in the micronucleus test when administered intraperitoneally to mice Fl (CBA x S57Bl6). Polychromatic erythrocytes in the bone marrow were investigated 24 hours after intraperitoneal administration. The frequency of polychromatic erythrocytes with micronuclei was decreased from 7,4 +/- 0,18 by 1000 due to the action of chrysotile, from 2,8 +/- 0,42 for 1000 after the introduction of a modified sample. It is hypothesized that the ferric chloride modifies the surface of asbestos fibers that reduces the induction of free radicals which are the primary cause of and carcinogenic effects of chrysotile.
Related JoVE Video
Comparative Analysis of the Kinetics of DNA Synthesis after Exposure during Different Phases of the Cell Cycle S Period.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The kinetics of DNA synthesis in the mitotic cycle of mouse corneal epithelial cells was studied after a single ?-irradiation of cells in a dose of 4 Gy at different S-phase points. Normally, corneal epitheliocyte S phase consists of S1 and S2 phases separated by an interval during which no DNA is synthesized. The duration of each phase was lengthened after single irradiation due to reparation of injuries in the cells at the expense of the time normally occupied by g1 period of the mitotic cycle. The first event during reparation is excision of damaged complex from the DNA molecule; this complex consists of labeled daughter fragment and matrix site of DNA chain that was used for the synthesis of the daughter fragment. Presumably, the entire reparation process in the cell consists of two stages: "reparative" synthesis and "additional" synthesis. The reparative synthesis, in turn, includes two stages: de novo synthesis of matrix fragment in the DNA chain at the site of the gap formation and de novo synthesis of the daughter fragment after the synthesis of the new matrix fragment is over.
Related JoVE Video
[Oral status and oral mucosa blood circulation changes in patients with chronic heart failure].
Stomatologiia (Mosk)
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The objective of this study was to characterize dental status and oral mucosa blood flow in patients with chronic heart failure and amyloid deposits in oral mucosa. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis of 80 oral mucosa biopsies taken from patients aged 32-72 years with chronic heart failure I-IV NYHA functional class was carried out. It detected a systemic amyloidosis in 15.7% of cases; a local amyloid deposition in oral mucosa was found in 58.5% of cases. Amyloid deposition in oral mucosa was associated with severe chronic generalized periodontitis in more than a half of cases. Amyloid deposits in oral mucosa were revealed more often in patients with metabolic syndrome (63.5%). The article describes dental status and oral mucosa blood flow in patients with heart failure.
Related JoVE Video
[The rational approach to the estimation of the myocardial infarction size].
Kardiologiia
PUBLISHED: 08-20-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The paper contains review of published data on various methods of quantitative assessment of myocardial infarction (MI) with demonstration of their advantages and drawbacks. Comparative analysis of applicability of existing biochemical markers of necrosis for measurement of the volume of myocardial damage is also presented. Troponin I level measured in 72 hours after onset of chest pain appears to be the most reliable predictor of MI size but its use is justified only in patients with restored perfusion. Troponin T level measured in 72 hours after onset of acute coronary syndrome also correlates closely with MI size but does not depend on the character of reperfusion. Estimation of MI size based on blood concentration of troponins is more precise than methods based on levels of creatine phosphokinase and its MB fraction.
Related JoVE Video
[Cardiorenal links in systemic amyloidosis].
Ter. Arkh.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The paper gives current general data on the structure of amyloid fibril and the principles in the classification of amyloidosis, information on the clinical course of cardiac and renal involvements in systemic AL and AA amyloidosis, and that on diagnostic and prognostic criteria and the specific features of cardiorenal links. The authors draw the conclusion that the identification of acute and chronic cardiorenal links is of practical value for systemic amyloidosis. Cardiorenal and renocardiac syndromes are not always differentiated clearly in the systemacy of involvement.
Related JoVE Video
[Gluten-sensitive celiac disease associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis and schizophrenia].
Ter. Arkh.
PUBLISHED: 05-09-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The paper describes a clinical case of celiac disease with grade 3 malabsorption, which is associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis and schizophrenia. On readmission after 8 months of strict adherence to his gluten-free diet, the patient was observed to be in clinical remission and to have normalized laboratory indices and immunological tests. The signs of recurrent stomatitis disappeared. However, the symptoms of the mental disease remained.
Related JoVE Video
[Specific features of rehabilitation in patients with gluten-sensitivity celiac disease].
Ter. Arkh.
PUBLISHED: 03-29-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To elaborate recommendations for rehabilitation of patients with gluten-sensitivity celiac disease (GCD) on the basis of a long-term follow-up.
Related JoVE Video
[Clinical-electrophysiological characteristics of the cognitive sphere in patients in the acute period of the first cerebral ischemic stroke].
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova
PUBLISHED: 12-23-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A neuropsychological and neurophysiological study using computed EEG was carried out in 31 stroke patients who did not have a cognitive impairment according to MMSE. Thirty age-matched patients with the same risk factors without a history of stroke were included into the control group. The examination of the control group was performed only once. The examination of stroke patients was performed on days 1, 7 and 21. It was shown that cognitive neurodynamic disturbances (memory disorders and the visual memory decrease) and bioelectrical brain activity disturbances (the decrease in a- and beta band activities and the increase of theta-band power) occurred from the first day and lasted during the acute stroke period even after the improvement of neurological status.
Related JoVE Video
[Desmin-related cardiomyopathy].
Arkh. Patol.
PUBLISHED: 12-15-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The observation of 26 years old patient with desminopathy declared itself by hypertrophied cardiomyopathy with its transformation into restrictive phenotype is presented. The features of pathologic course at the patient were a dominance and diversity of cardiac manifestations. Endomyocardiac biopsy allowed suspecting the desminopathy confirmed by genetic analysis. Morphological features of desmin-related cardiomyopathy were irregular desmin conglomerates mainly located under sarcolemma and an indirect histological signs of idiopathic cardiomyopathy as well nuclear polymorphism, perinuclear "nimbus", chaotic located myofibrils.
Related JoVE Video
Desmin A213V substitution represents a rare polymorphism but not a mutation and is more prevalent in patients with heart dilation of various origins.
Acta Myol
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Several desmin mutations have been described in patients with cardiomyopathies and distal myopathies. Among them, A213V substitution has been associated with three completely different clinical phenotypes: restrictive cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy and isolated distal myopathy. However, the identification of this substitution also in control subjects has highlighted the question if the A213V shift represents a conditional mutation, giving rise to cardiomyopathy only in the presence of other predisposing factors. The aim of the present work was to study the potential role of this substitution in predisposing to heart dilation. Methods and results. We screened 108 patients with heart dilation due to ischemic heart disease, alcoholic cardiomyopathy or viral myocarditis, and 300 healthy controls for the presence of A213V substitution by direct sequencing and confirmed the results by site-specific restriction. In the control group A213V substitution was identified in 3 out of 300 patients, representing a rare polymorphism with a frequency of approximately 1%, which corresponds to the earlier reported frequency. In the study group A213V substitution was found in 5 out of 108 cases, corresponding to approximately 4.6% (p < 0.035). Therefore we conclude that A213V desmin substitution represents a conditional mutation, i.e. a rare polymorphism that plays a role as a predisposing factor resulting in maladaptive heart remodelling in the presence of other pathological factors.
Related JoVE Video
[Analysis of pandemic influenza in Russia as a part of the global process based on data of an influenza monitoring reference center].
Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Characterization of features of influenza pandemic development in Russia in relation to global process.
Related JoVE Video
[Transthyretin gene V30M, H90N, and del9 mutations in cardiomyopathy patients from St. Petersburg].
Genetika
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A search of transthyretin (TTP) gene mutations was conducted in patients with cardiomyopathies from St. Petersburg. Mutations H90N, V30M, G47A, and deletion (del9) of nucleotides GACTTCTCC in position 6776 from the start codon of the TTP gene (in position 98782 according to reference sequence AC079096 (NCBI) was found. The H90N mutation in the third exon of TTP gene was detected in a son of a cardiomyopathy patient and in his mother, which lacked any clinical manifestations. Mutations V30M and G47A in exon 2 of TTP gene were found in heterozygous and homozygous state, respectively, in one of the probands. Deletion (del9) was revealed in a patient with cardiomyopathy and in his two daughters from different marriages, who had no clinical manifestations of the disease. All the mutations revealed in this study were previously identified in other populations.
Related JoVE Video
[Comparative study of the differential susceptibility of different cell lines to pandemic H1N1v influenza viruses and avian influenza, swine influenza, and human influenza viruses].
Vopr. Virusol.
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The proliferation characteristics of influenza viruses of different origin were tested in various human and animal cell cultures. Pandemic H1N1v influenza and swine influenza viruses were shown to have a low infectious activity in virtually all the test lines. In spite of this, the replication of this group of viruses may be detected by de novo NP synthesis. These viruses are able to activate programmed cell death. Moreover, a low inoculative virus dose exerts a stimulating effect on cell proliferation in both suspension and monolayer cell lines.
Related JoVE Video
[Pandemic influenza 2009 in Russia. Characteristics of the isolation and biological properties of viruses].
Vopr. Virusol.
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Research Institute of Influenza, Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia, Saint Petersburg The characteristics of the isolation of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)v viruses were studied on chick embryos (CE) and MDCK cell culture. The materials (nasal swabs and autopsies) were collected in different regions Russia in the period from 20 July to 30 December 2009. The paper gives the data of the antigenic analysis of isolates, their capacity to multiply in different species-specific and tissue cell cultures. The viruses isolated on CE were shown to have higher hemagglutination titers and to be more stable. Isolation from the autopsies was effective only on CE. All the test cell lines other than MDCK were insensitive to the isolated pandemic influenza strains. The antigenic analysis showed no significant antigenic drift of the viruses isolated during the first wave of the pandemic in the Russian Federation.
Related JoVE Video
[The role of immune system in development of structural changes in colonic mucosa in diverticulosis].
Ter. Arkh.
PUBLISHED: 04-27-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To determine the role of immune response with production of auto- and heterologous antibodies (Ab) in development of the pathological process and in structural changes in colon mucosa (CM) in diverticulosis (Dv).
Related JoVE Video
[The 2009 pandemic influenza in Russia. I. Diagnosis and molecular biological characteristics of the virus].
Vopr. Virusol.
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The analysis of 1558 clinical samples revealed influenza virus A(H1N1v) RNA in 339 patients with influenza and 163 fatal cases,which was made in May to December 2009. Data on the antigenic properties of more than 250 of pandemic virus strains isolated at the Research Institute of Influenza and the molecular genetic characteristics of 31 strains are presented. All the test isolates were found to have the S203 substitution in hemagglutinin, which was characteristic of one of 5 minor genome A(H1N1v) virus variants found in the United States and Mexico in 2009. All the test strains contain the S31N substitution in the M2 protein, which determines viral resistance to adamantine, and have no H275Y substitution in neuraminidase, which determines oseltamivir resistance. The substitution of amino acid residue of Asp to Gly at position 222 of HA was found in 8 (73%) of 11 isolates from postmortem lung and trachea samples and in 2 (10%) of 20 isolates from nasopharyngeal swabs. The determination of the pathogenic role of this substitution calls for further investigations.
Related JoVE Video
[Experimental rationale for carcinogenic risk of asbestos cement industry and its products].
Gig Sanit
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
During intraperitoneal administration of dispersiveness-comparable chrysotile or asbestos cement fibers to rats (20 mg thrice), mesotheliomas were found in 45.1 and 7.7% of cases respectively. Asbestos cement dust induced tumors in 2.5% of cases, which is of biological importance. Cement or freeze asbestos destruction cement dust failed to cause tumors. The latter were not detected in a control group receiving physiological saline. Asbestos cement fibers and fascicles are covered by a cement matrix. Fiber amorphization gradually occurs. In lung tissue, there may be destruction of the cement coat of fascicles and release of native chrysotile fibers that are carcinogenic.
Related JoVE Video
[Etiological characteristics of the influenza epidemics of 2006-2009 in the Russian Federation (according to the data of the Research Institute of Influenza, North-Western Branch, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences)].
Vopr. Virusol.
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The basic trends in the evolution of influenza A and B in the Russian Federation during the epidemic seasons of 2006-2009 were studied on the basis of an antigenic analysis of 1774 Influenza isolated at the Research Institute of Influenza (RII), North-Western Branch, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and sent from resting bases (the regional centers of the Russian Inspectorate for the Protection of Consumer Rights and Human Welfare, which collaborate with the RII). Although the trends in the substitution of representative strains generally coincide with the world patterns, the authors revealed some specific features of the antigenic drift of influenza viruses in the Russian Federation and regional varieties. Data on some biological properties and those of the antigenic analysis of the first pandemic influenza A(H1NI)v strains isolated at the RII from Saint Petersburg patients in July-August 2009 are also given in the paper.
Related JoVE Video
[Akatinol memantine in patients with vascular cognitive disorders].
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Treatment of cognitive disorders developed in cerebrovascular pathology is an actual medical problem. Of great importance is the timed diagnosis of these changes in the earlier phases of the development of cognitive deficit as well as adequate therapy that can delay and prevent the development of such complication as dementia. Pathogenetic mechanisms of cognitive disorders are associated with brain vascular and neurodegenerative changes that determine using drugs with vasoactive, metabolic and/or neuromediator effects. Memantine (the active component of akatinol memantine) is a drug that exerts an effect on the glutamatergic system, a non competitive antagonist of NMDA-receptors. The results of studies on the efficacy of this drug in moderate cognitive disorders are inconsistent and the amount of research is small. The present study aimed at the evaluation of changes of neuropsychological parameters in patients with moderate cognitive impairment caused by cerebrovascular pathology who were treated with memantine compared to the control group. Results of randomized open study suggested a significant clinical efficacy of akatinol memantine in the treatment of patients with vascular cognitive disorders. The treatment with akatinol memantine in dose 20 mg/day (10 mg twice a day) during six months significantly reduced cognitive deficit. The most distinct dynamics was related with ideation praxis, visual-spatial and speech functions, word selection, storage of instructions, increasing of volume of audio-speech and visual memory.
Related JoVE Video
Comparison of red blood cell membrane microstructure after different physicochemical influences: atomic force microscope research.
J Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
After the influence of different actions on the blood, the erythrocytes may change their macrostructure. At the same time, the microstructure of cell membrane will be changed as well. This study provides the results of comparison of red blood cell membrane microstructure after they have been affected by different factors.
Related JoVE Video
[Cardiac manifestations of amyloidosis].
Arkh. Patol.
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Amyloidosis is shown by a group of diseases with a variability of clinical and morphological manifestations determining difficulties in its diagnosis. The cardiovascular system is commonly the site of involvement in different forms of amyloidosis. The variants of cardiac involvement in the pathological process in amyloidosis are outlined depending on various precursor proteins. The specific features of different forms of cardiopathic amyloidosis are described in relation to its type.
Related JoVE Video
Deletion in TNNI3 gene is associated with restrictive cardiomyopathy.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies, over ten disease-causing genes have been identified in each entity. In contrast, mutations in only desmin and cardiac troponin T and I (TNNI3) have been shown to cause restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM). We applied a candidate gene approach and identified a novel one nucleotide deletion, resulting in frame shift and predicted formation of a premature stop codon, deletion of part of exon 7 and all exon 8, and truncation of significant C-terminal portion of TNNI3. Western blot analysis showed approximately 50% reduction of total troponin I content in myocardial tissue. The clinical hallmark was a restrictive type of cardiac hemodynamics, and congestive heart failure, leading to the death of the patient at the age of 28.
Related JoVE Video
Protection of mice against X-ray injuries by the post-irradiation administration of guanosine and inosine.
Int. J. Radiat. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To examine the radioprotective action of guanosine (Guo) and inosine (Ino) administered to mice after irradiation with X-rays.
Related JoVE Video
[Epidemic process of rubella during mass vaccination of children].
Zh. Mikrobiol. Epidemiol. Immunobiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To reveal features of rubella epidemic process during start of mass immunization and to determine rubella virus genotypes circulating in Saint-Petersburg.
Related JoVE Video
[Evolutionary variability of influenza B viruses in Russian Federation in 2005-2012].
Vopr. Virusol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Specific traits of influenza B viruses circulation in Russia and worldwide in 2005-2012 were studied and the amount of influenza B viruses in the whole population of influenza viruses isolated in Russia was estimated. The trend toward antigenic drift for both Victoria and Yamagata lineages was characterized. The genetic analysis revealed amino acid changes that influenced the antigenic properties of the viruses. The match of the epidemic isolates and vaccine strains was corroborated.
Related JoVE Video
[Development of influenza surveillance in Russia in the system of the WHO national influenza center].
Vopr. Virusol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Analysis of development influenza activity season 2010-2011 is presented. Significant participation of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus and influenza B of Victoria lineage virus in the epidemic morbidity structure with minor participation ofA(H3N2) virus was revealed. The influenza viruses isolated in Russia according to antigenic properties were similar to the strains included in the vaccine composition. Drift variants of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses isolated in Astrakhan and St.-Petersburg were recognized using WHO CC in London as representatives of three new genetic groups.
Related JoVE Video
Reversible zinc-induced injuries to erythrocyte membrane nanostructure.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Zinc-induced injuries to red blood cell membrane nanostructures at different zinc concentrations were studied by atomic force microscopy. In order to distinguish the intrinsic characteristics of membrane nanostructures, the membrane surfaces were represented by three orders using 3D Fourier transform. Increasing the concentrations of zinc ions modified the pattern of induced injuries: their depths and diameters and their number on the membrane surface test area increased. The injuries and their distribution for each order of membrane surface were analyzed. Albumin restored membrane nanosurface.
Related JoVE Video
[Molecular-biological properties of the rubella virus strains isolated in St. Petersburg].
Mol. Biol. (Mosk.)
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
In the surveillance of rubella in the northwest region of Russia samples of nasopharyngeal swabs from 37 patients with rubella, which were treated in the 442nd district military hospital named after Z.P. Solovyov in autumn 2007 were screened for the rubella virus using RK-13 cell line, 22 strains of rubella virus were isolated. Gene sequencing of E1 region of rubella virus isolates was carried out. Rubella virus strains isolated in St. Petersburg during the 2007 outbreak belonged to rubella virus genotype 1E. The morphogenesis of RK-13 cells with formation of replication complexes and enveloped virions of rubella virus was shown.
Related JoVE Video
[Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Clinical and morphological comparisons].
Arkh. Patol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The paper comparatively analyzes myocardial morphology in children and adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. All the cases analyzed had its obstructive form and significant asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy--hypertrophy of the ventricular septum (VS). When stratifying the risk of sudden death from the obstructive form of the disease in adults, the most important characteristics are shown to be less than 45 years of age, stromal enlargement in the right VS closer to the endocardium of the right ventricle; and in some cases this fact must be considered when choosing a management tactic.
Related JoVE Video
EDC4 interacts with and regulates the dephospho-CoA kinase activity of CoA synthase.
FEBS Lett.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Coenzyme A synthase (CoAsy) is a bifunctional enzyme which facilitates the last two steps of Coenzyme A biogenesis in higher eukaryotes. Here we describe that CoAsy forms a complex with enhancer of mRNA-decapping protein 4 (EDC4), a central scaffold component of processing bodies. CoAsy/EDC4 complex formation is regulated by growth factors and is affected by cellular stresses. EDC4 strongly inhibits the dephospho-CoA kinase activity of CoAsy in vitro. Transient overexpression of EDC4 decreases cell proliferation, and further co-expression of CoAsy diminishes this effect. Here we report that EDC4 might contribute to regulation of CoA biosynthesis in addition to its scaffold function in processing bodies.
Related JoVE Video
The LMP2A protein of Epstein-Barr virus regulates phosphorylation of ITSN1 and Shb adaptors by tyrosine kinases.
Cell. Signal.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Latent Membrane Protein 2A (LMP2A) is an Epstein-Barr virus-encoded protein that is important for the maintenance of latent infection. Its activity affects cellular differentiation, migration, proliferation and B cell survival. LMP2A resembles a constitutively activated B cell antigen receptor and exploits host kinases to activate a set of downstream signaling pathways. In the current study we demonstrate the interaction of LMP2A with intersectin 1 (ITSN1), a key endocytic adaptor protein. This interaction occurs via both the N- and C-tails of LMP2A and is mediated by the SH3 domains of ITSN1. Additionally, we identified the Shb adaptor and the Syk kinase as novel binding ligands of ITSN1. The Shb adaptor interacts simultaneously with the phosphorylated tyrosines of LMP2A and the SH3 domains of ITSN1 and mediates indirect interaction of ITSN1 to LMP2A. Syk kinase promotes phosphorylation of both ITSN1 and Shb adaptors in LMP2A-expressing cells. In contrast to ITSN1, Shb phosphorylation depends additionally on Lyn kinase activity. Considering that Shb and ITSN1 are implicated in various receptor tyrosine kinase signaling, our results indicate that LMP2A can affect a number of signaling pathways by regulating the phosphorylation of the ITSN1 and Shb adaptors.
Related JoVE Video
Effect of irradiation on DNA synthetic period of the mitotic cycle in cells.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Kinetics of DNA synthesis in mitotic cycle of mouse corneal epithelial cells after single ?-irradiation (4 Gy) at the end of S period was studied by the method of radioautography. Normally, S period of corneal epithelial cells consists of several stages separated by intervals without DNA synthesis. The estimated mean duration of the first (S(1)) and second (S(2)) phases of S period was 16 and 10 h, respectively, and the interval between them was 7 h. Single irradiation at the end of S period changed the duration of mitotic cycle periods: S(2) phase became 2.2-longer than S(1) phase and the duration of g(1) period decreased, because the time for reparation in irradiated cell increases at the expense of g(1) period. Shortening of g(1) period is a factor promoting the appearance of transformed cells.
Related JoVE Video
Regeneration of colorectal epithelium in diverticulosis.
Bull. Exp. Biol. Med.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Excessive poorly differentiated epitheliocytes were detected in the crypts and subepithelial regions of the colorectal mucosa during the regeneration process in the majority of patients with diverticular disease. The compensatory reaction of the sigmoid mucosa decreased, which was seen from rarely detected cryptic hyperplasia. Disorders in the epitheliocyte proliferation and differentiation were paralleled by changes in tissue levels of proinflammatory cytokines (elevation of TNF-? and IFN-? and reduction of IL-1? and IL-8) and increase of IL-4, regulating lymphocyte activation.
Related JoVE Video
Opposite effects of electroporation of red blood cell membranes under the influence of zinc ions.
Acta Bioeng Biomech
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The goal of the study was to investigate the effects of zinc ions of various concentrations on the nanostructure of membrane of red blood cells in in vitro experiment. The suspension of red blood cells extracted from whole human blood was used. The calibrated electroporation and the atomic force microscopy (AFM) were used to analyse damage to membrane nanostructure. We studied the haemolysis after the electroporation at different zinc concentrations. A low concentration of zinc (0.15-0.5 mM) increased significantly the rate of haemolysis and reduced the residual level of non-haemolyzed cells. At high concentrations of zinc ions (0.5-10 mM), the rate constant was sharply reduced, at the same time the residual level increased. The relationship between haemoglobin coagulants and the zinc concentration was examined. High concentration of zinc caused haemoglobin aggregation. It was shown by AFM that the membrane nanostructure was essentially changed. It was experimentally established that there existed a special point of zinc concentration C = 0.5±0.1 mM at which the course of the conjugate processes on the membranes of red blood cells was changed.
Related JoVE Video
Diagnostic challenge in desmin cardiomyopathy with transformation of clinical phenotypes.
Pediatr Cardiol
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Desmin cardiomyopathy is a rare cause of congestive heart failure. Its clinical manifestation in adulthood often is associated with conduction disorders and a neuromuscular phenotype. Only a few cases have been reported, with early manifestation in childhood mostly due to severe cardiomyopathy dilation and conduction abnormalities. However, the disease can result in the variety of clinical phenotypes, including hypertrophic, restrictive, and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. This report describes the first case of desmin cardiomyopathy with early manifestation in adolescence and transformation of several clinical phenotypes over time, representing sufficient difficulties for the correct clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease at an early stage.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.