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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Topical application of rapamycin ointment ameliorates Dermatophagoides farina body extract-induced atopic dermatitis in NC/Nga mice.
Exp. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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Atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by relapsing eczema and intense prurigo, requires effective and safe pharmacological therapy. Recently, rapamycin, an mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibitor, has been reported to play a critical role in immune responses and has emerged as an effective immunosuppressive drug. In this study, we assessed whether inhibition of mTOR signalling could suppress dermatitis in mice. Rapamycin was topically applied to inflamed skin in a murine AD model that was developed by repeated topical application of Dermatophagoides farina body (Dfb) extract antigen twice weekly for 7 weeks in NC/Nga mice. The efficacy of topical rapamycin treatment was evaluated immunologically and serologically. Topical application of rapamycin reduced inflammatory cell infiltration in the dermis, alleviated the increase of serum IgE levels and resulted in a significant reduction in clinical skin condition score and marked improvement of histological findings. In addition, increased mTOR phosphorylation in the lesional skin was observed in our murine AD model. Topical application of rapamycin ointment inhibited Dfb antigen-induced dermatitis in NC/Nga mice, promising a new therapy for atopic dermatitis.
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Fluorescence microangiography for quantitative assessment of peritubular capillary changes after AKI in mice.
J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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AKI predicts the future development of CKD, and one proposed mechanism for this epidemiologic link is loss of peritubular capillaries triggering chronic hypoxia. A precise definition of changes in peritubular perfusion would help test this hypothesis by more accurately correlating these changes with future loss of kidney function. Here, we have adapted and validated a fluorescence microangiography approach for use with mice to visualize, analyze, and quantitate peritubular capillary dynamics after AKI. A novel software-based approach enabled rapid and automated quantitation of capillary number, individual area, and perimeter. After validating perfusion in mice with genetically labeled endothelia, we compared peritubular capillary number and size after moderate AKI, characterized by complete renal recovery, and after severe AKI, characterized by development of interstitial fibrosis and CKD. Eight weeks after severe AKI, we measured a 40%±7.4% reduction in peritubular capillary number (P<0.05) and a 36%±4% decrease in individual capillary cross-sectional area (P<0.001) for a 62%±2.2% reduction in total peritubular perfusion (P<0.01). Whereas total peritubular perfusion and number of capillaries did not change, we detected a significant change of single capillary size following moderate AKI. The loss of peritubular capillary density and caliber at week 8 closely correlated with severity of kidney injury at day 1, suggesting irreparable microvascular damage. These findings emphasize a direct link between severity of acute injury and future loss of peritubular perfusion, demonstrate that reduced capillary caliber is an unappreciated long-term consequence of AKI, and offer a new quantitative imaging tool for understanding how AKI leads to future CKD in mouse models.
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Two Japanese cases of birt-hogg-dubé syndrome with pulmonary cysts, fibrofolliculomas, and renal cell carcinomas.
Case Rep Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by a germline mutation in the folliculin gene mapped in the region of chromosome 17p11.2. BHD predisposes the patient to cutaneous fibrofolliculomas (FFs), pulmonary cysts (PCs), and renal cell carcinoma (RC). Here, we present two cases of BHD in Japanese patients. One patient was a 37-year-old female, and the other a 35-year-old male. Each of the patients was affected by all three symptoms of BHD. Both patients had unremarkable FFs, asymptomatic PCs, and asymptomatic RC. The presence of RC was revealed by abdominal ultrasonic examination. We also summarized the data from 62 Asian cases of BHD from the available literature and found that their FFs were unremarkable. In addition, the proportion of BHD patients with FF is smaller for Asian patients than it is for Caucasian patients. We also found that it is rare for BHD patients in Asia to show all three symptoms of BHD. Careful inspection of the skin as well as skin biopsies are important for the early detection of BHD cases in Asia.
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Twisted gastrulation, a BMP antagonist, exacerbates podocyte injury.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Podocyte injury is the first step in the progression of glomerulosclerosis. Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effect of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (Bmp7) in podocyte injury and the existence of native Bmp signaling in podocytes. Local activity of Bmp7 is controlled by cell-type specific Bmp antagonists, which inhibit the binding of Bmp7 to its receptors. Here we show that the product of Twisted gastrulation (Twsg1), a Bmp antagonist, is the central negative regulator of Bmp function in podocytes and that Twsg1 null mice are resistant to podocyte injury. Twsg1 was the most abundant Bmp antagonist in murine cultured podocytes. The administration of Bmp induced podocyte differentiation through Smad signaling, whereas the simultaneous administration of Twsg1 antagonized the effect. The administration of Bmp also inhibited podocyte proliferation, whereas simultaneous administration of Twsg1 antagonized the effect. Twsg1 was expressed in the glomerular parietal cells (PECs) and distal nephron of the healthy kidney, and additionally in damaged glomerular cells in a murine model of podocyte injury. Twsg1 null mice exhibited milder hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipidemia, and milder histological changes while maintaining the expression of podocyte markers during podocyte injury model. Taken together, our results show that Twsg1 plays a critical role in the modulation of protective action of Bmp7 on podocytes, and that inhibition of Twsg1 is a promising means of development of novel treatment for podocyte injury.
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A preliminary study of individual cognitive behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder in Japanese clinical settings: a single-arm, uncontrolled trial.
BMC Res Notes
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2013
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Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is regarded as an effective treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD) in Europe and North America. Individual CBT might be acceptable and effective for patients with SAD even in non-Western cultures; therefore, we conducted a feasibility study of individual CBT for SAD in Japanese clinical settings. We also examined the baseline predictors of outcomes associated with receiving CBT.
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Neural correlates of deception in social contexts in normally developing children.
Front Hum Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Deception is related to the ability to inhibit prepotent responses and to engage in mental tasks such as anticipating responses and inferring what another person knows, especially in social contexts. However, the neural correlates of deception processing, which requires mentalizing, remain unclear. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined the neural correlates of deception, including mentalization, in social contexts in normally developing children. Healthy right-handed children (aged 8-9 years) were scanned while performing interactive games involving deception. The games varied along two dimensions: the type of reply (deception and truth) and the type of context (social and less social). Participants were instructed to deceive a witch and to tell the truth to a girl. Under the social-context conditions, participants were asked to consider what they inferred about protagonists preferences from their facial expressions when responding to questions. Under the less-social-context conditions, participants did not need to consider others preferences. We found a significantly greater response in the right precuneus under the social-context than under less-social-context conditions. Additionally, we found marginally greater activation in the right inferior parietal lobule (IPL) under the deception than under the truth condition. These results suggest that deception in a social context requires not only inhibition of prepotent responses but also engagement in mentalizing processes. This study provides the first evidence of the neural correlates of the mentalizing processes involved in deception in normally developing children.
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Trends in the prevalence of tuberous sclerosis complex manifestations: an epidemiological study of 166 Japanese patients.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder with multi-system involvement and variable manifestations. There has been significant progress in TSC research and the development of technologies used to diagnose this disorder. As a result, individuals with mild TSC are now being diagnosed, including many older adults who have not developed seizures or cognitive abnormalities. We conducted a statistical analysis of the frequency of TSC manifestations in a population of Japanese adults and children, comparing our findings with historical data. The chi-square test was used to examine the frequency of each manifestation by age. A total of 166 outpatients at the Department of Dermatology of Osaka University Hospital during the period from January 2001 to March 2011 were included in the study. Compared to previous reports, the frequency of neurologic manifestations (excepting autism) was lower in this cohort, and the frequency of skin manifestations (excepting hypomelanotic macules) was higher in this cohort. The frequencies of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal manifestations were not significantly different from those previously reported. Regarding the association of each manifestation with age, the frequency of neurologic manifestations (excepting subependymal giant cell astrocytoma) was significantly higher in younger patients than in older patients. The frequency of skin manifestations and renal angiomyolipoma were significantly higher in older patients than in younger patients. Because of their high frequency and visibility, skin manifestations are useful in the diagnosis of TSC. Moreover, uterine perivascular epithelioid cell tumor was also characterized as a new findings associated with TSC.
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Eosinophil cationic protein as a marker for assessing the efficacy of tacrolimus ophthalmic solution in the treatment of atopic keratoconjunctivitis.
Mol. Vis.
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2011
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To examine the clinical efficacy and anti-inflammatory effects of tacrolimus eye drops; we studied the changes in clinical ocular findings and measured tear eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels of atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) patients before and after the treatment.
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Loss of the BMP antagonist USAG-1 ameliorates disease in a mouse model of the progressive hereditary kidney disease Alport syndrome.
J. Clin. Invest.
PUBLISHED: 02-08-2010
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The glomerular basement membrane (GBM) is a key component of the filtering unit in the kidney. Mutations involving any of the collagen IV genes (COL4A3, COL4A4, and COL4A5) affect GBM assembly and cause Alport syndrome, a progressive hereditary kidney disease with no definitive therapy. Previously, we have demonstrated that the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) antagonist uterine sensitization-associated gene-1 (USAG-1) negatively regulates the renoprotective action of BMP-7 in a mouse model of tubular injury during acute renal failure. Here, we investigated the role of USAG-1 in renal function in Col4a3-/- mice, which model Alport syndrome. Ablation of Usag1 in Col4a3-/- mice led to substantial attenuation of disease progression, normalization of GBM ultrastructure, preservation of renal function, and extension of life span. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that USAG-1 and BMP-7 colocalized in the macula densa in the distal tubules, lying in direct contact with glomerular mesangial cells. Furthermore, in cultured mesangial cells, BMP-7 attenuated and USAG-1 enhanced the expression of MMP-12, a protease that may contribute to GBM degradation. These data suggest that the pathogenetic role of USAG-1 in Col4a3-/- mice might involve crosstalk between kidney tubules and the glomerulus and that inhibition of USAG-1 may be a promising therapeutic approach for the treatment of Alport syndrome.
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Case of schwannomatosis.
J. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2009
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A 40-year-old man presented to our hospital with painful tumors in his left carotid space and left knee. He had no family history of neurofibromatosis type II (NF II), no history of hearing loss or vestibular problems, and no symptoms of NF I. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head revealed no intracranial tumors including vestibular schwannoma (VS). MRI of the left carotid and left knee demonstrated T(1)-weighted mass lesions. They were excised and all of them were pathologically diagnosed as schwannoma. Thus, this case was diagnosed as definite schwannomatosis in reference to the diagnostic criteria.
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Impact of obesity on IgA nephropathy: comparative ultrastructural study between obese and non-obese patients.
Nephron Clin Pract
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2009
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The pathological role of obesity in the progression of glomerular lesions has rarely been studied in primary glomerular diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of non-diabetic obesity on clinicopathological findings in IgA nephropathy.
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Comparison of efficacy of bromfenac sodium 0.1% ophthalmic solution and fluorometholone 0.02% ophthalmic suspension for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis.
J Ocul Pharmacol Ther
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2009
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Bromfenac sodium (BF) 0.1% was compared with fluorometholone (FML) 0.02% for the treatment of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis when concomitantly used with disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) 2.0%.
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Corneal and conjunctival fibroblasts are major sources of eosinophil-recruiting chemokines.
Allergol Int
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2009
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Differential expression of chemokine genes were investigated in various types of ocular surface cells.
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Development of a novel in silico docking simulation model for the fine HIV-1 cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitope mapping.
PLoS ONE
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Class I HLAs polymorphism has hampered CTL epitope mapping with laborious experiments. Objectives are 1) to evaluate the novel in silico model in predicting previously reported epitopes in comparison with existing program, and 2) to apply the model to predict optimal epitopes with HLA using experimental results.
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The effect of HLA polymorphisms on the recognition of Gag epitopes in HIV-1 CRF01_AE infection.
PLoS ONE
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The design of a globally effective vaccine rests on the identification of epitopes capable of eliciting effective cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses across multiple HIV clades in different populations. This study aims to discern the effect of HLA polymorphisms and the cross-clade reactivity or clade-specificity of epitopes in Thailand where HIV-1 CRF01_AE is circulating.
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Functional reconstruction of epignathus with cleft palate using part of a mature teratoma.
Cleft Palate Craniofac. J.
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Epignathus is an extremely rare, benign, congenital teratoma that arises from the oral cavity. When treating epignathus with cleft palate, it is particularly important to consider velopharyngeal function and maxillary growth after surgical repair. The case of an infant with a complete cleft palate and a large mass, histologically diagnosed as a mature teratoma, that protruded from the right soft palate is described. At 8 months of age, a double-opposing Z-plasty was performed using a part of the tumor over the right soft palate that had been left at the time of primary excision at 3 months of age for an epignathus protruding from the mouth. Though all that could be done was suture tumor tissue on the right side and the left hypoplastic levator veli palatine muscle using the double-opposing Z-plasty, velopharyngeal function and maxillary growth were good at 10 years of age.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.