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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Nine pulmonary aspiration syndrome cases of atypical clinical presentation, in which the final diagnosis was obtained by histological examinations.
Respir Investig
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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While pulmonary aspiration syndrome (PAS) is primarily clinically diagnosed, atypical PAS cases can be misdiagnosed clinically and are more accurately diagnosed histologically. To elucidate clinicopathological features of these rare cases, we examined PAS cases determined by histological examination of transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) specimens.
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Doctors delay in endobronchial tuberculosis.
Kekkaku
PUBLISHED: 03-22-2013
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The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of doctors delay in diagnosing endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) and to elucidate the risk factors contributing to the delay.
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[Evaluation of tuberculosis treatment including levofloxacin (LVFX) in cases who could not continue standard regimen].
Kekkaku
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2011
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate tuberculosis treatment including levofloxacin (LVFX) and to investigate the effectiveness of changing drug regimens at our hospital.
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[Two cases of tuberculosis after treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with infliximab].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2010
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We report two cases of tuberculosis (TB) after treatment with infliximab (IFX) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The first case, a 69-year-old woman with RA, developed miliary TB with acute respiratory distress syndrome 21 months after initiation of IFX therapy. Sputum samples revealed smears and cultures positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and also positive polymerase chain reaction for TB (PCR-TB); in addition urine samples were smear-negative and culture-positive for TB. She was treated with corticosteroid pulse therapy and anti-tuberculosis drugs, and recovered. The second case, a 51-year-old man with RA, had had contact with a tuberculosis patient four years after initiation of IFX therapy. One year later, he developed pulmonary and pleural tuberculosis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was detected in the bronchial lavage fluid and pleural effusion (smear-negative and culture- and PCR-TB positive). He clinically improved by treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs. In both cases, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISPOT) tests revealed positive responses although the QuantiFERON TB-2G tests were not positive. We suggest that the ELISPOT test may be useful as a supportive diagnostic tool for tuberculosis in immunocompromised conditions including RA treated with a tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitor.
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The value of fiberoptic bronchoscopy in culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients whose pre-bronchoscopic sputum specimens were negative both for smear and PCR analyses.
Intern. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2010
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This study assessed the diagnostic rate of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) using fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FBS) in patients with suspected PTB, and negative pre-bronchoscopy smear and polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) in sputum.
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[A case of tuberculosis with multiple lung nodules, abdominal lymphadenopathy, and splenomegaly].
Kekkaku
PUBLISHED: 11-26-2009
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Abdominal tuberculous lymphadenitis is very rare. We report a case of pulmonary tuberculosis showing marked abdominal lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. A 95-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of abnormal chest X-ray and body weight loss in last 6 months. He had low grade fever with no abdominal pain. He did not have past history of tuberculosis. Laboratory examination showed mild renal dysfunction and mild glucose intolerance. Soluble interleukin 2 recepter was highly elevated (3800 U/ml). Tumor markers, such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA), and progastrin-releasing peptide (Pro GRP) were all within normal limit. Chest X-ray showed multiple nodules in bilateral lung fields. Chest computed tomography showed multiple nodules in bilateral lungs, especially in upper part of lungs, right hilar lymphadenopathy and upper mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Abdominal and pelvic enhanced computed tomography showed marked abdominal lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly (67 x 49 mm). Abdominal lymph nodes were hepatoduodenal (50 x 50 mm), splenic hilar (40 x 25 mm), upper paraaortic (30 x 60 mm), and small superior mesenteric (10 x 10 mm) lymph nodes. FDG-PET showed accumulation in the nodules of right lung field, right hilar lymph nodes, upper mediastinal lymph nodes, and abdominal lymph nodes. Bronchial lavage fluid (BAL) smear for acid-fast bacilli was positive, polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis was positive and acid-fast bacilli was cultured. Transbronchial lung biopsy specimen demonstrated non-specific intraalveolar organization and alveolitis. The patient was diagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis, but about abdominal lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly we had to differentiate malignant lymphoma, and for definite diagnosis, laparotomy was necessary. But considering his age and general condition, we followed up carefully with anti-tuberculosis therapy. Pulmonary tuberculosis, abdominal lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly all showed marked improvement 4 months after starting anti-tuberculosis therapy with isoniazid, rifampicin, and ethambutol, so we clinically diagnosed abdominal tuberculous lymphadenitis and splenic tuberculosis.
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[A case of acute interstitial pneumonia successfully treated with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column direct hemoperfusion].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2009
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A 65-year-old man was admitted because of rapidly progressing respiratory failure with diffuse ground glass opacities according to chest radiography. Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) was diagnosed because of diffuse alveolar damage shown by a transbronchial lungs biopsy and the exclusion of any underlying diseases such as infectious diseases. Because steroid pulse therapy did not improve his condition, he was then treated with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column direct hemoperfusion (PMX-DHP), with excellent results. PMX-DHP should be considered as one of the treatment options for suspected AIP when steroid pulse therapy is ineffective.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.