This prospective study aims to explore hip arthroscopy, outcome and the effect of the learning curve. Using the non-arthritic hip score preoperatively and postoperatively in 120 patients with an average 23-month follow-up, a median improvement of 16 points was seen at 6 months (p < 0.0001, Wilcoxon's signed ranks) remaining at 2 years (15, p < 0.05). Dividing patients into consecutive chronological groups of 40, the learning curve was explored. At six-months scores improved by 12 (p < 0.05) in first 40, 15 (p < 0.0001) in second and 20 (p < 0.0001) in third. A reduction in THR (22.5%, 5%, 2.5%) and revision rates (10%, 7.5%, 0) was seen. An increase in cumulative percentage satisfaction (defined as minimum 10 points increase) was seen from 20th (45%) to 100th procedure (65%). Results significantly improve as experience increases, possibly due to improved surgical skill, preoperative workup or improved understanding of operative indications.
This study looks at the changing incidence and aetiology of congenital talipes equinovarus due to the recent population changes within the area. Between 1st June 1992 and the 31st May 2006, 83 consecutive children (121 feet) born with fixed talipes equinovarus (TEV) were assessed and treated (an incidence of 1.6 per 1000 live births) in an observational longitudinal cohort study assessing associated factors. There were 17 syndromal cases in the fixed group (20.8%), 6 cases of non-syndromal distal arthrogryposis (7.2%), and a strong family history in 12 cases (14.5%). This study would suggest that genetic and primary causes of fixed TEV are more common than previously considered. Many of the primary aetiologies were diagnosed months or years after birth.
The Manchester-Modified Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (M(2) DASH) was developed by the authors as a modification to the original DASH questionnaire. In this study, we assessed the validity, reliability, responsiveness, and bias of the M(2) DASH questionnaire for hand injuries using completed M(2) DASH, Patient Evaluation Measure, and Michigan Hand Outcome questionnaires from 40 patients. The M(2) DASH scores showed significant positive correlations with the Patient Evaluation Measure and Michigan Hand Outcome scores suggesting validity. There was also no evidence of a statistical difference in the M(2) DASH scores when the condition had stabilized suggesting good test-retest reproducibility and reliability. The effect size and the standardized response mean for the M(2) DASH score were greater than those for the Patient Evaluation Measure and Michigan Hand Outcome scores establishing that the M(2) DASH is highly responsive. There was no gender, hand dominance, or dominant side injured bias for the M(2) DASH score. There was, however, a relatively weak association between age and the M(2) DASH score at presentation. We conclude that the M(2) DASH questionnaire is a robust region-specific outcome measure. It is a valid and responsive questionnaire with test-retest reliability proven for hand injuries in this study. Gender, handedness, and side injured did not cause bias in the responses.
Magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) is a useful pre-operative investigation for patients with clinical signs and symptoms of femoroacetabular impingement. Our aim was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of MRA in detecting labral tears and chondral wear in this context. Sixty nine hips were included in the study after exclusions. All patients underwent pre-operative MRA and then subsequent hip arthroscopy. The findings at MRA were compared to those found intraoperatively. For labral tears, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 81%, 51% and 58% respectively. For chondral wear these figures were 17%, 100%, and 55% respectively. In our institution, MRA was therefore not as accurate as previously published work suggests.
Related JoVE Video
Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.