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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The role of p38 MAPK in acute paraquat-induced lung injury in rats.
Inhal Toxicol
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2014
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Abstract Context: Paraquat (PQ; 1,1'-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride) is highly toxic and accounts for a large proportion of the herbicide poisonings seen in clinic. The major cause of mortality is respiratory failure. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathway coordinates various cellular stress responses that have been shown to participate in the pathogenesis of PQ-induced lung injury. Objective: To evaluate the effect of the specific p38 MAPK inhibitor SB203580 on PQ-induced lung injury and cytokine secretion. Methods: In groups of 24, rats were treated with PQ, PQ and SB203580 (SB?+?PQ), SB203580 alone (SB) or normal saline (control group). Six rats from each group were euthanized at 1, 3, 5 or 7?d. Pathology of lung specimens was scored through hematoxylin and eosin staining. Edema in the lung was quantified from wet-to-dry weight ratios. p38 and p-p38MAPK proteins were measured via electrochemiluminescent Western blots. tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1?) concentrations in lung specimens and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were quantified via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: The mortality rate of the SB?+?PQ group (16.7%) was significantly lower than that of the PQ group (33.3%; p?
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Toll-like receptor 3 activation drives the inflammatory response in oxygen-induced retinopathy in rats.
Br J Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2014
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Ischaemia is one of the most important causes of blindness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential role and mechanisms by which toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) influences the progression of the inflammatory response in a rat model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR).
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[Evaluation of compounding EDTA and citric acid on remediation of heavy metals contaminated soil].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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As commonly used eluents, Na2EDTA (EDTA) and citric acid (CA) have been widely applied in remediation of soil contaminated by heavy metals. In order to evaluate the removal of arsenic, cadmium, copper, and lead in the contaminated soil collected in a chemical plant by compounding EDTA and CA, a series of stirring experiments were conducted. Furthermore, the changes in speciation distribution of heavy metals before and after washing were studied. The results showed that, adopting the optimal molar ratio of EDTA/CA (1:1), when the pH of the solution was 3, the stirring time was 30 min, the stirring rate was 150 r x min(-1) and the L/S was 5:1, the removal rates of arsenic, cadmium, copper and lead could reach 11.72%, 43.39%, 24.36% and 27.17%, respectively. And it was found that after washing, for arsenic and copper, the content of acid dissolved fraction rose which increased the percentage of available contents. Fe-Mn oxide fraction mainly contributed to the removal of copper. As for cadmium, the percentages of acid dissolved fraction, Fe-Mn oxide fraction and organic fraction also decreased. In practical projects, speciation changes would pose certain environmental risk after soil washing, which should be taken into consideration.
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Community structure revealed by phase locking.
Chaos
PUBLISHED: 10-03-2014
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Community structure can naturally emerge in paths to synchronization, and scratching it from the paths is a tough issue that accounts for the diverse dynamics of synchronization. In this paper, with assumption that the synchronization on complex networks is made up of local and collective processes, we proposed a scheme to lock the local synchronization (phase locking) at a stable state, meanwhile, suppress the collective synchronization based on Kuramoto model. Through this scheme, the network dynamics only contains the local synchronization, which suggests that the nodes in the same community synchronize together and these synchronization clusters well reveal the community structure of network. Furthermore, by analyzing the paths to synchronization, the relations or overlaps among different communities are also obtained. Thus, the community detection based on the scheme is performed on five real networks and the observed community structures are much more apparent than modularity-based fast algorithm. Our results not only provide a deep insight to understand the synchronization dynamics on complex network but also enlarge the research scope of community detection.
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Effect of the blockade of the IL-23-Th17-IL-17A pathway on streptozotocin-induced diabetic retinopathy in rats.
Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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T helper 17 (Th17) cells are believed to play a critical role in the chronic inflammatory and immune response in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced retinopathy. The purpose of our study was to investigate the effect of the IL-23-Th17-IL-17A pathway via the blood-retinal barrier on STZ-induced diabetic retinopathy in rats.
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[Effect of the anterior aspect of sacral nerve root tunnel on iliosacral screw placement on the standard lateral image of sacrum].
Zhongguo Gu Shang
PUBLISHED: 07-18-2014
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To introduce the location and course of S1, S2 sacral nerve root tunnel and to clarify the significance of the anterior aspect of sacral nerve root tunnel on placement of iliosacral screw on the standard lateral sacral view.
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Bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation to treat diabetic nephropathy in tree shrews.
Cell Biochem. Funct.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2014
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Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes. We used a new DN model in tree shrews to validate the use of bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) transplantation to treat DN. The DN tree shrew model was established by a high-sugar and high-fat diet and four injections of streptozotocin. 4',6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole labelled BM-MSCs were injected into tree shrews. The DN tree shrew model was successfully established. Blood glucose was significantly increased ( p < 0.01) during the entire experiment. DN tree shrews showed dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and increased 24-h proteinuria. At 21 days after BM-MSC transplantation, glucose and levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and 24-h urine volume were lower than in tree shrews with DN alone ( p < 0.01) but were still higher than control values ( p < 0.01). Levels of creatinine and urea nitrogen as well as 24-h proteinuria were lower for DN tree shrews with BM-MSCs transplantation than DN alone ( p < 0.05). High-sugar and high-fat diet combined with STZ injection can induce a tree shrew model of DN. BM-MSCs injection can home to damaged kidneys and pancreas, for reduced 24-h proteinuria and improved insulin resistance.
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Air pollution and decreased semen quality: a comparative study of Chongqing urban and rural areas.
Environ. Pollut.
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2014
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To investigate the association and effects of air pollution level on male semen quality in urban and rural areas, this study examines the outdoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrous dioxide (NO2) and semen quality outcomes for 1346 volunteers in both urban and rural areas in Chongqing, China. We found the urban area has a higher pollution level than the rural area, contrasted with better semen quality in the rural residents, especially for sperm morphology and computer assistant semen analysis (CASA) motility parameters. A multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrates that concentrations of PM10, SO2, and NO2 significantly and negatively are associated with normal sperm morphology percentage (P < 0.001) and sperm kinetic parameters. In conclusion, exposure to higher concentrations of PM10, SO2, and NO2 in urban ambient air may account for worse semen quality in urban males.
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Effect of inhibiting malonyl-CoA decarboxylase on cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction in rats.
Cardiology
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of inhibiting malonyl-CoA decarboxylase (MCD) on cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI) in rats. We used an ultrasound (US)-mediated microbubble (MB) approach for targeted delivery of a microRNA (miRNA) interference plasmid to the myocardium to silence MCD expression.
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Low-temperature solution-processed perovskite solar cells with high efficiency and flexibility.
ACS Nano
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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Perovskite compounds have attracted recently great attention in photovoltaic research. The devices are typically fabricated using condensed or mesoporous TiO2 as the electron transport layer and 2,2'7,7'-tetrakis-(N,N-dip-methoxyphenylamine)9,9'-spirobifluorene as the hole transport layer. However, the high-temperature processing (450 °C) requirement of the TiO2 layer could hinder the widespread adoption of the technology. In this report, we adopted a low-temperature processing technique to attain high-efficiency devices in both rigid and flexible substrates, using device structure substrate/ITO/PEDOT:PSS/CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3-x)Cl(x)/PCBM/Al, where PEDOT:PSS and PCBM are used as hole and electron transport layers, respectively. Mixed halide perovskite, CH(3)NH(3)PbI(3-x)Cl(x), was used due to its long carrier lifetime and good electrical properties. All of these layers are solution-processed under 120 °C. Based on the proposed device structure, power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.5% is obtained in rigid substrates (glass/ITO), and a 9.2% PCE is achieved for a polyethylene terephthalate/ITO flexible substrate.
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Neuroprotective gases--fantasy or reality for clinical use?
Prog. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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The neuroprotective properties for certain medical gases have been observed for decades, leading to extensive research that has been widely reported and continues to garner interest. Common gases including oxygen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide and nitric oxide, volatile anesthetics such as isoflurane, sevoflurane, halothane, enflurane and desflurane, non-volatile anesthetics such as xenon and nitrous oxide, inert gases such as helium and argon, and even gases classically considered to be toxic (e.g., hydrogen sulfide and carbon monoxide) have all been supported by the evidence alluding to their use as potential neuroprotective agents. A wide range of neural injury types such as ischemic/hemorrhagic, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injuries, neurodegenerative disease as well as spinal cord ischemia have been used as platforms for studying the neuroprotective effects of these gases, yet until now, none of the gases has been widely introduced into clinical use specifically for protection against neural injury. Insufficient clinical data together with contradictory paradigms and results further hinders the clinical trials. However, pre-clinical models suggest that despite the various classes of gases and the broad range of injuries to which medical gases confer, protection, several underlying mechanisms for their neuroprotective properties are similar. In this review, we summarize the literature concerning the neuroprotective effect of each gas and its underlying mechanisms, extract common targets reported for the neuroprotective effects of different gases, highlight the conflicting observations from clinical trials and further discuss the possible hindrances impeding clinical applications in order to propose future research perspectives and therapeutic exploitations.
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Genistein attenuates brain damage induced by transient cerebral ischemia through up-regulation of ERK activity in ovariectomized mice.
Int. J. Biol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Stroke has severe consequences in postmenopausal women. As replacement therapy of estrogen have various adverse effects and the undermined outcomes. Genistein, a natural phytoestrogen, has been suggested to be a potential neuroprotective agent for such stroke patients. However, the role of genistein and its underlying mechanism in ovariectomized mice has not yet been evaluated. In the present study, ovariectomized mice were treated with genistein (10 mg/kg) or vehicle daily for two weeks before developing transient cerebral ischemia (middle cerebral artery occlusion). The neurological manifestation was evaluated, and infarct volumes were demonstrated by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining at 24 h after reperfusion. In addition, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining, and cellular apoptosis was evaluated in the ischemic penumbra. We found that treatment with genistein reduced infarct volumes, improved neurological outcomes and attenuated cellular apoptosis at 24 h after reperfusion. ERK1/2 showed increased phosphorylation by genistein treatment after reperfusion, and an ERK1/2 inhibitor U0126 abolished this protective effect of genistein in terms of infarct volumes, neurological scores and cellular apoptosis. Our findings indicate that treatment with genistein can reduce the severity of subsequent stroke episodes, and that this beneficial function is associated with ERK activation.
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Endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced PCD and caspase-like activities involved.
Front Plant Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Plant cells, like cells from other kingdoms, have the ability to self-destruct in a genetically controlled manner. This process is defined as Programmed cell death (PCD). PCD can be triggered by various stimuli in plants including by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Research in the past two decades discovered that disruption of protein homeostasis in the ER could cause ER stress, which when prolonged/unresolved leads cells into PCD. ER stress-induced PCD is part of several plant processes, for instance, drought and heat stress have been found to elicit ER stress-induced PCD. Despite the importance of ER stress-induced PCD in plants, its regulation remains largely unknown, when compared with its counterpart in animal cells. In mammalian cells, several pro-apoptotic proteases called caspases were found to play a crucial role in ER stress-induced PCD. Over the past decade, several key proteases with caspase-like enzymatic activity have been discovered in plants and implicated in PCD regulation. This review covers what is known about caspase-like enzymatic activities during plant ER stress-induced PCD and discusses possible regulation pathways leading to the activation of relevant proteases in plants.
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5-HT1A/1B receptors as targets for optimizing pigmentary responses in C57BL/6 mouse skin to stress.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Stress has been reported to induce alterations of skin pigmentary response. Acute stress is associated with increased turnover of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) whereas chronic stress causes a decrease. 5-HT receptors have been detected in pigment cells, indicating their role in skin pigmentation. To ascertain the precise role of 5-HT in stress-induced pigmentary responses, C57BL/6 mice were subjected to chronic restraint stress and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CRS and CUMS, two models of chronic stress) for 21 days, finally resulting in abnormal pigmentary responses. Subsequently, stressed mice were characterized by the absence of a black pigment in dorsal coat. The down-regulation of tyrosinase (TYR) and tyrosinase-related proteins (TRP1 and TRP2) expression in stressed skin was accompanied by reduced levels of 5-HT and decreased expression of 5-HT receptor (5-HTR) system. In both murine B16F10 melanoma cells and normal human melanocytes (NHMCs), 5-HT had a stimulatory effect on melanin production, dendricity and migration. When treated with 5-HT in cultured hair follicles (HFs), the increased expression of melanogenesis-related genes and the activation of 5-HT1A, 1B and 7 receptors also occurred. The serum obtained from stressed mice showed significantly decreased tyrosinase activity in NHMCs compared to that from nonstressed mice. The decrease in tyrosinase activity was further augmented in the presence of 5-HTR1A, 1B and 7 antagonists, WAY100635, SB216641 and SB269970. In vivo, stressed mice received 5-HT precursor 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan (5-HTP), a member of the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (fluoxetine; FX) and 5-HTR1A/1B agonists (8-OH-DPAT/CP94253), finally contributing to the normalization of pigmentary responses. Taken together, these data strongly suggest that the serotoninergic system plays an important role in the regulation of stress-induced depigmentation, which can be mediated by 5-HT1A/1B receptors. 5-HT and 5-HTR1A/1B may constitute novel targets for therapy of skin hypopigmentation disorders, especially those worsened with stress.
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Associations of educational attainment, occupation, social class and major depressive disorder among Han Chinese women.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) is higher in those with low levels of educational attainment, the unemployed and those with low social status. However the extent to which these factors cause MDD is unclear. Most of the available data comes from studies in developed countries, and these findings may not extrapolate to developing countries. Examining the relationship between MDD and socio economic status in China is likely to add to the debate because of the radical economic and social changes occurring in China over the last 30 years.
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Recurrence network analysis of the synchronous EEG time series in normal and epileptic brains.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2013
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We sought to analyze the dynamic properties of brain electrical activity from healthy volunteers and epilepsy patients using recurrence networks. Phase-space trajectories of synchronous electroencephalogram signals were obtained through embedding dimension in phase-space reconstruction based on the distance set of space points. The recurrence matrix calculated from phase-space trajectories was identified with the adjacency matrix of a complex network. Then, we applied measures to characterize the complex network to this recurrence network. A detailed analysis revealed the following: (1) The recurrence networks of normal brains exhibited a sparser connectivity and smaller clustering coefficient compared with that of epileptic brains; (2) the small-world property existed in both normal and epileptic brains consistent with the previous empirical studies of structural and functional brain networks; and (3) the assortative property of the recurrence network was found by computing the assortative coefficients; their values increased from normal to epileptic brain which accurately suggested the difference of the states. These universal and non-universal characteristics of recurrence networks might help clearly understand the underlying neurodynamics of the brain and provide an efficient tool for clinical diagnosis.
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Recombinant human thioredoxin-1 promotes neurogenesis and facilitates cognitive recovery following cerebral ischemia in mice.
Neuropharmacology
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2013
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Cerebral ischemia (CI) can induce loss of hippocampal neurons, causing cognitive dysfunction such as learning and memory deficits. In adult mammals, the hippocampal dentate gyrus contains neural stem cells (NSCs) that continuously generate newborn neurons and integrate into the pre-existing networks throughout life, which may ameliorate cognitive dysfunction following CI. Recent studies have demonstrated that recombinant human thioredoxin-1 (rhTrx-1) could promote proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells and angiogenesis. To investigate whether rhTrx-1 also regulates hippocampal neurogenesis following CI and its underlying mechanisms, adult mice were subjected to bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (BCCAO) to induce CI and treated with rhTrx-1 before reperfusion. Mice treated with rhTrx-1 showed shortened escape latencies in Morris water maze by 30 days and improvements in spatial memory demonstrated by probe trial test. Enhanced NSCs proliferation was observed at day 14, indicated by BrdU and Ki67 immunostaining. Doublecortin (DCX)(+) cells were also significantly increased following rhTrx-1 treatment. Despite increases in BrdU(+)/NeuN(+) cells by day 30, the double-labeling to total BrdU(+) ratio was not affected by rhTrx-1 treatment. The promotive effects of rhTrx-1 on NSCs proliferation and differentiation were further confirmed in in vitro assays. Western blot revealed increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation after rhTrx-1 treatment, and the ERK inhibitor U0126 abrogated the effects of rhTrx-1 on NSCs proliferation. These results provide initial evidence that rhTrx-1 effects neurogenesis through the ERK signaling pathway and are beneficial for improving spatial learning and memory in adult mice following global CI.
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The loss of estrogen efficacy against cerebral ischemia in aged postmenopausal female mice.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2013
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Estrogen has been shown to have neuroprotective effects in numerous experimental studies involving young and adult animals. However, several clinical trials have found that in aged postmenopausal women who received estrogen replacement therapy, there did not appear to be a reduction in the incidence of stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of physiological dosages of estrogen on aged female mice subjected to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Adult ovariectomized (OVX) female mice and 22-month-old female mice received daily subcutaneous injections of 100?g/kg or 300?g/kg 17?-estradiol (E2) at the back of the neck for four weeks, and the expression levels of estrogen receptor (ER) ? and ? in the cerebral cortex were determined using real-time PCR and Western blotting analyses. To mimic ischemic stroke, the mice received middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) treatment for 1h followed by a 24-h reperfusion period. The mice were then subjected to neurological deficit testing and infarct volume evaluation. The aged mice showed higher neurological deficit scores and larger infarct volumes compared with the adult mice. Both the lower and higher physiological dosages of E2 significantly improved the neurological test scores and decreased the infarct volume in the adult mice; however, E2 showed no neuroprotective effects in the aged mice. Furthermore, the protein expression of ER? and ER? in the cerebral cortex was significantly decreased in the aged mice compared with the adult mice, and this decrease was not rescued by E2 treatment. These results indicate that the down-regulation of ER? and ER? in the cerebral cortex may contribute to the loss of estrogen efficacy against ischemic injury in aged females and may point to new therapies for ischemic stroke in aged postmenopausal women.
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A health food high-peptide meal alleviates immunosuppression induced by hydrocortisone and cyclophosphamide in mice.
Food Funct
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2013
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This study set out to determine the immunomodulatory effects of a health food high-peptide meal in immunodeficient mice that was induced by either hydrocortisone (HY) or cyclophosphamide (CP). Five separate trials were performed in which animals were randomly divided into 5 groups of 12 mice for each experimental trial. Group 1 served as the vehicle control. Animals assigned to groups 3-5 (dose groups), were each administered once daily with 1.67, 3.33 or 6.67 g kg(-1) body weight of a high-peptide meal, respectively, for 30 consecutive days. Animals from groups 2 to 5 that were included in trials 1 to 4, each received an intramuscular administration of HY at 40 mg kg(-1) body weight on days 22, 24, 26, 28, 30. Animals from groups 2-5, in trial 5, each received an intraperitoneal administration of CP at 50 mg kg(-1) body weight, on days 26 and 27. On day 31, all groups of mice were differentially screened for immunomodulatory activity following the conclusion of the above experiments. In HY-treated mice, the high-peptide meal accelerated the recovery of the phagocytic function of both macrophages and the reticuloendothelial system, and restored NK cell activity. In CP-treated mice, the high-peptide meal promoted a humoral immune response to sheep red blood cells (SRBCs). These results demonstrated the immunomodulatory effects of a high-peptide meal.
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Oroxylin A inhibits colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulating the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway.
Inflamm. Bowel Dis.
PUBLISHED: 07-05-2013
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Patients with inflammatory bowel disease, which includes ulcerative colitis and Crohns disease, are at a significantly increased risk of developing colorectal cancer, and aberrant interleukin (IL)-6/STAT3 signaling pathway exists in both inflammatory bowel disease and inflammation-related gastrointestinal cancers. We have previously found that oroxylin A inhibited the NF-?B signaling in human colon tumor HCT-116 cells. However, whether oroxylin A could inhibit the colitis-associated carcinogenesis remains to be determined.
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Conjugated bis and poly(dioxaborole)s for optical sensing of Lewis bases based on main-chain perturbations.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 06-13-2013
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Fluorene-based bis(dioxaborole)s and a poly(dioxaborole) were used to optically detect Lewis bases. Studies of the binding mechanism and signal transduction indicated that the response from these dioxaboroles was sensitive, reversible and cross-reactive. The polymer exhibited enhanced response due to extended conjugation through the dioxaboroles.
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Hemopexin induces neuroprotection in the rat subjected to focal cerebral ischemia.
BMC Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
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The plasma protein hemopexin (HPX) exhibits the highest binding affinity to free heme. In vitro experiments and gene-knock out technique have suggested that HPX may have a neuroprotective effect. However, the expression of HPX in the brain was not well elucidated and its expression after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury was also poorly studied. Furthermore, no in vivo data were available on the effect of HPX given centrally on the prognosis of focal cerebral ischemia.
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Prognostic significance of left ventricular dyssynchrony by phase analysis of gated SPECT in medically treated patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.
Clin Nucl Med
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2013
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The study aimed to investigate the value of clinical variables and rest gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in predicting cardiac deaths in medically treated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients.
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Overexpression of chemerin was associated with tumor angiogenesis and poor clinical outcome in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue.
Clin Oral Investig
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2013
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The present study aimed to explore expression and clinical significance of chemerin, a newly discovered adipokine, in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral tongue (SCCOT).
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Comparative study among three different methods of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation following cerebral infarction in rats.
Neurol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2013
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The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of transplanted bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) administered via internal jugular vein injection, carotid artery injection, or intraventricular transplantation for the treatment of cerebral infarction, which was modeled in rats. The neurological scores of the treated rats and the distribution of the transplanted cells (GFP-labeled) in the infarction area were evaluated. The cerebral infarction model was produced by inserting a modified Zea-longa suture, which generated middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The GFP-labeled BMSCs were transplanted through the jugular vein or the carotid artery or by stereotactic intraventricular delivery to the infarction models 1 week after the cerebral infarction was established. The Nerve Function Score of the model rats was recorded before and after BMSC transplantation. Brain tissue sections were examined under a fluorescence microscope. We determined that the transplanted BMSCs rescued brain function, which was indicated by a decrease in the neurological scores (P<0·05) following BMSC transplantation. The effect of BMSC transplantation was reflected in decreases in the neurological score in the intraventricular transplantation group, the carotid artery transplantation group, and the jugular vein graft group*. The transplanted BMSCs were able to migrate to the brain injury area and the cortex and survived the infarction; thus, BMSCs may promote the recovery of nerve function.
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IFN-? inhibits liver progenitor cell proliferation in HBV-infected patients and in 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine diet-fed mice.
J. Hepatol.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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Proliferation of liver progenitor cells (LPCs) is associated with inflammation and fibrosis in chronic liver diseases. However, how inflammation and fibrosis affect LPCs remains obscure.
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Induced autologous stem cell transplantation for treatment of rabbit type 1 diabetes.
Cell Biol. Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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We have examined the effects of induced autologous stem cells on blood sugar levels in a rabbit model of type 1 diabetes. Rabbit skin fibroblasts were induced to dedifferentiate into multipotent stem cells, and were transplanted into the treatment group via the pancreatic artery. After the fibroblasts had been induced for 72?h, some of them became multipotent stem cells. Four weeks after cell transplantation, blood glucose levels of the induced stem cell treatment group were significantly lower. The plasma insulin and plasma C-peptide levels of the treated group were significantly increased (P?
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GSK3?/?-catenin signaling is correlated with the differentiation of glioma cells induced by wogonin.
Toxicol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2013
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Malignant gliomas are the most common and most aggressive primary brain tumor, and for which differentiation therapy has emerged as a promising candidate strategy. In this study, we used in vitro and in vivo assays to examine the differentiation effects of wogonin, a major active constituent of Scutellaria baicalensis, on glioma C6 and U251 cells. We found that wogonin can suppress cell proliferation and induce G0/G1 arrest under a concentration-dependent manner. Wogonin also triggered significant reduction in the G1 cell-cycle regulatory proteins cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and 4 along with overexpression of cell-cycle inhibitory proteins p27. Immunofluorescence and western blot analysis indicated that wogonin increased the expression of lineage-specific differentiation marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). In mechanisms, we verified that wogonin significantly diminished the phosphorylated level of protein kinase B (AKT), and maintenance of low ?-catenin expression level was dependent on glycogen synthase kinase 3? (GSK3?) activation at Ser9. Blocking GSK3?/?-catenin pathway was required for wogonin-induced proliferation inhibition and terminal differentiation by using canonical activator lithium chloride (LiCl) and inhibitor dickkopf-1 (Dkk1). Moreover, intravenous administration of wogonin delayed the growth of C6 glioma in the intracranial tumor model. These findings provide the evidence and mechanistic support for wogonin-based differentiation therapies for malignant glioblastoma. Furthermore, inhibition of GSK3?/?-catenin pathway may be a key and requisite factor in glioma differentiation.
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Myocardial radionuclide imaging in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Nucl Med Commun
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2013
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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is defined as a primary and familial cardiac disorder characterized by heterogeneous expression, unique pathophysiology and considerable diversity in clinical presentation. Clinical diagnosis was mainly based on the performance of ECG. In addition, cardiovascular MRI or ECG plays an important role in the diagnosis. Nevertheless, myocardial radionuclide imaging, which could provide detailed information on myocardial perfusion, metabolism and neurological function, is a valuable method for exploring the inter-relationship between the morphological, pathophysiological and functional changes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is also helpful in evaluating the effect of transcoronary ethanol septal ablation and prognosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which suggests that it is an important imaging method in the comprehensive evaluation of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
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EMMPRIN is an independent negative prognostic factor for patients with astrocytic glioma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), also known as CD147, is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is present on the surface of tumor cells and stimulates adjacent fibroblasts to produce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). It has been proved to be associated with tumor invasion and metastasis in various human malignancies. In our study, the protein expression level of EMMPRIN in 306 cases of astrocytic glioma is investigated by immunohistochemistry assay. Statistical analysis was utilized to evaluate the association of EMMPRIN with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients. It was proved that EMMPRIN protein expression was increased in glioma compared with that in normal brain tissue. Moreover, EMMPRIN immunohistochemical staining was correlated with WHO grade and Karnofsky performance score for strong positive EMMPRIN staining is more frequently detected in glioma of advanced grade or low KPS score. It is also demonstrated that EMMPRIN could be an independent negative prognostic factor in glioma for patients with glioma of strong EMMPRIN staining tend to have high risk of death. These results proved that EMMPRIN is associated with prognosis of glioma, which may also suggest the potential role of EMMPRIN in glioma management.
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Clinical Features of Patients with Dysthymia in a Large Cohort of Han Chinese Women with Recurrent Major Depression.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Dysthymia is a form of chronic mild depression that has a complex relationship with major depressive disorder (MDD). Here we investigate the role of environmental risk factors, including stressful life events and parenting style, in patients with both MDD and dysthymia. We ask whether these risk factors act in the same way in MDD with and without dysthymia.
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Induced autologous stem cell transplantation for treatment of rabbit renal interstitial fibrosis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) is a significant cause of end-stage renal failure. The goal of this study was to characterize the distribution of transplanted induced autologous stem cells in a rabbit model of renal interstitial fibrosis and evaluate its therapeutic efficacy for treatment of renal interstitial fibrosis.
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Suicidal risk factors of recurrent major depression in han chinese women.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The relationship between suicidality and major depression is complex. Socio- demography, clinical features, comorbidity, clinical symptoms, and stressful life events are important factors influencing suicide in major depression, but these are not well defined. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the associations between the above-mentioned factors and suicide ideation, suicide plan, and suicide attempt in 6008 Han Chinese women with recurrent major depression (MD). Patients with any suicidality had significantly more MD symptoms, a significantly greater number of stressful life events, a positive family history of MD, a greater number of episodes, a significant experience of melancholia, and earlier age of onset. Comorbidity with dysthymia, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, and animal phobia was seen in suicidal patients. The present findings indicate that specific factors act to increase the likelihood of suicide in MD. Our results may help improve the clinical assessment of suicide risk in depressed patients, especially for women.
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Evaluation of the Spermicidal and Contraceptive Activity of Platycodin D, a Saponin from Platycodon grandiflorum.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The extract of Platycodon grandiflorum has been reported to have effective spermicidal activity. This study was designed to evaluate the spermicidal and contraceptive activity, as well as the safety, of Platycodin D (PD), a major saponin in Platycodon grandiflorum.
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Weighted SNP set analysis in genome-wide association study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are popular for identifying genetic variants which are associated with disease risk. Many approaches have been proposed to test multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a region simultaneously which considering disadvantages of methods in single locus association analysis. Kernel machine based SNP set analysis is more powerful than single locus analysis, which borrows information from SNPs correlated with causal or tag SNPs. Four types of kernel machine functions and principal component based approach (PCA) were also compared. However, given the loss of power caused by low minor allele frequencies (MAF), we conducted an extension work on PCA and used a new method called weighted PCA (wPCA). Comparative analysis was performed for weighted principal component analysis (wPCA), logistic kernel machine based test (LKM) and principal component analysis (PCA) based on SNP set in the case of different minor allele frequencies (MAF) and linkage disequilibrium (LD) structures. We also applied the three methods to analyze two SNP sets extracted from a real GWAS dataset of non-small cell lung cancer in Han Chinese population. Simulation results show that when the MAF of the causal SNP is low, weighted principal component and weighted IBS are more powerful than PCA and other kernel machine functions at different LD structures and different numbers of causal SNPs. Application of the three methods to a real GWAS dataset indicates that wPCA and wIBS have better performance than the linear kernel, IBS kernel and PCA.
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Numerical simulation of failure behavior of granular debris flows based on flume model tests.
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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In this study, the failure behaviors of debris flows were studied by flume model tests with artificial rainfall and numerical simulations (PFC(3D)). Model tests revealed that grain sizes distribution had profound effects on failure mode, and the failure in slope of medium sand started with cracks at crest and took the form of retrogressive toe sliding failure. With the increase of fine particles in soil, the failure mode of the slopes changed to fluidized flow. The discrete element method PFC(3D) can overcome the hypothesis of the traditional continuous medium mechanic and consider the simple characteristics of particle. Thus, a numerical simulations model considering liquid-solid coupled method has been developed to simulate the debris flow. Comparing the experimental results, the numerical simulation result indicated that the failure mode of the failure of medium sand slope was retrogressive toe sliding, and the failure of fine sand slope was fluidized sliding. The simulation result is consistent with the model test and theoretical analysis, and grain sizes distribution caused different failure behavior of granular debris flows. This research should be a guide to explore the theory of debris flow and to improve the prevention and reduction of debris flow.
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SNP set association analysis for genome-wide association studies.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a promising approach for identifying common genetic variants of the diseases on the basis of millions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). In order to avoid low power caused by overmuch correction for multiple comparisons in single locus association study, some methods have been proposed by grouping SNPs together into a SNP set based on genomic features, then testing the joint effect of the SNP set. We compare the performances of principal component analysis (PCA), supervised principal component analysis (SPCA), kernel principal component analysis (KPCA), and sliced inverse regression (SIR). Simulated SNP sets are generated under scenarios of 0, 1 and ? 2 causal SNPs model. Our simulation results show that all of these methods can control the type I error at the nominal significance level. SPCA is always more powerful than the other methods at different settings of linkage disequilibrium structures and minor allele frequency of the simulated datasets. We also apply these four methods to a real GWAS of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Han Chinese population.
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[The effects and mechanisms of erythropoietin on hepcidin of human monocytes].
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-02-2011
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To investigate the in vitro effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on hepcidin of monocytes and its molecular mechanisms.
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Microporous phase-separated films of polymer blends for enhanced outcoupling of light from OLEDs.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-24-2011
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Thin microporous films were formed by dropcasting a toluene solution containing various ratios of polystyrene:polyethylene glycol blends on a glass substrate, with OLEDs on the ITO that coated the opposite side of that substrate. We demonstrate for the first time that such easily-fabricated films with surface and bulk micropores in the index-matching polystyrene can serve as random microlens-like arrays to improve forward OLED light extraction by up to ~60%. A theoretical interpretation of the angular emission profile of the device, considering the geometrical change at the substrate/air interface and the scattering by the pores within the films, was established in excellent agreement with the experiments. The use of such blended thin films provides an economical method, independent of the OLED fabrication technique, for improving the outcoupling efficiency.
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[Digital simulation of unipedicular thoracolumbar vertebroplasty puncture].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2011
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To measure such operative parameters of unipedicular kyphoplasty as optimal entry point, angle and depth so as to provide rationales for its clinical management and formulate a standardized protocol for unipedicular vertebroplasty.
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Neurotrophin-3 gene transduction of mouse neural stem cells promotes proliferation and neuronal differentiation in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures.
Med. Sci. Monit.
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2011
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The transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs) has been accepted as a promising therapeutic strategy for central nervous system disorders. However, the beneficial effect of NSC transplantation upon functional recovery is limited due to the unfavorable microenvironment (niche) at the site of trauma or degenerative disease in the brain. Combination of transplantation of NSCs with neurotrophins may overcome the hurdles of impaired cell survival and neuronal differentiation.
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[Analysis of Lop Nur "Ear" features in remote sensing image and its environmental meaning].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2011
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There is a great significance of revealing the characteristics of regional environment evolution and global change to the research on arid Lop Nur areas. By the "Ear" features of Lop Nur in remote sensing image, the spectrum, soil and surface parameters were analyzed. The differences in total salt content in soil and the surface structure bring are cause directly for the "Ear" features in remote sensing image; The results of the analysis of spectrum, total salt content and particle size are in good agreement. "Ear" features recorded the process of environmental change. The process implys that Lop Nur dried up gradually under the impact of global change. The adjustment during the process of drying up let Lop Nur experience two relatively humid climates, with the previous a little longer, the later very short.
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[Effect of erythropoietin on proinflammatory factors of human monocytes and its mechanisms].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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Erythropoietin (EPO) is the major means of treating anemia of chronic disease (ACD) through stimulating hematopoiesis, inhibiting hepcidin and decreasing proinflammatory factors. Recently, it has been found that monocytes are another source of hepcidin. EPO can reduce the hepcidin stimulated by IL-6 in monocytes, it is assumed that EPO can reduce hepcidin indirectly by reducing IL-6. However, the specific mechanism of EPO inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokines in monocytes is unclear now. This study was purposed to investigate the effect of EPO on monocyte proinflammatory factors and its molecular mechanism. IL-6 mRNA and TNF-? mRNA were detected by real time PCR, level of signaling molecule PARP-1 protein was detected by Western blot. THP-1 monocytes were stimulated by 1 µg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to observe the impact of EPO at different concentrations (0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10 U/ml) for different time (0, 3, 6, 12, 24 hours) on the expression of IL-6 mRNA, TNF-? mRNA and PARP-1 protein. 1 µg/ml or 5 µg/ml EPO receptor (EPOR) antibody and/or 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB, PARP-1 inhibitor) were added to observe the antagonistic effect on EPO and the impact on PARP-1. The results showed that LPS could stimulate the THP-1 cells. EPO could decrease the levels of IL-6 and TNF-? stimulated by LPS in a dose- and time-dependent manners. The most significant decrease in IL-6 mRNA expression was observed in 2 U/ml EPO for 6 hours. And down-regulation of TNF-? mRNA expression was pronounced at 10 U/ml EPO for 3 hours. IL-6 mRNA expression could be stimulated by LPS, PARP-1 protein was induced at the same time. EPO inhibited the expression of IL-6 mRNA, while PARP-1 protein also decreased. Down-regulation of IL-6 mRNA and PARP-1 protein level was pronounced at 2 U/ml EPO for 6 hours. 3AB is a direct inhibitor of PARP-1. Similar to 3AB, EPO receptor antibody could antagonize the decline of IL-6 induced by EPO. It is concluded that EPO can inhibit the expression of IL-6 and TNF-? in monocytes, and the inhibition of IL-6 expression may be associated with decrease of PARP level.
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Rapid allele-specific PCR method for CDA 79A>C (K27Q) genotyping: a useful pharmacogenetic tool and world-wide polymorphism distribution.
Clin. Chim. Acta
PUBLISHED: 07-04-2011
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The CDA 79A>C (K27Q, rs2072671) functional SNP has recently shown a crucial role in the pharmacogenetics of cytidine-based anticancer drugs widely administered to different subsets of patients. Current gold standard in screening for the CDA rs2072671 is the sequence-based genotyping method. Here we developed a novel, rapid Allele-Specific PCR method for CDA rs2072671 genotyping.
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[Dynamic level observation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor in patients with first-episode generalized anxiety disorder].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2011
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To examine the changing pattern of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the patients with first-episode generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
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[Determination of phosphoric acid in the air of workplace by ion chromatography].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2011
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To develop a method to determine phosphoric acid in the air of workplace by ion chromatography.
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[Semen quality of the men from six districts in Chongqing].
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 05-10-2011
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To investigate the quality and spatial distribution features of semen and to evaluate the reproductive health of the males in the Chongqing section of the Three-Gorge Reservoir area.
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Effects of cyclooxygenase-2 on human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2011
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To study the relationship between the cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 gene and the proliferation and apoptosis of esophageal squamous carcinoma EC109 cells.
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Long-term antifibrotic action of interferon-? treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
HBPD INT
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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The first priority in treating fibrosis is to eliminate the causes that result in liver injury, e.g., hepatitis B and C virus. However, in many liver diseases the cause is either unknown or untreatable. The present study was designed to investigate the long-term antifibrotic effect of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) treatment in patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus.
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Technical aspects of biliary reconstruction in adult living donor liver transplantation.
HBPD INT
PUBLISHED: 04-05-2011
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The last decade has witnessed great progress in living donor liver transplantation worldwide. However, biliary complications are more common in partial liver transplantation than in whole liver transplantation. This is due to an impaired blood supply of the hilar bile duct during organ procurement and recipient surgery, commonly encountered anatomical variations, a relatively small graft duct, and complicated surgical techniques used in biliary reconstruction.
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Encoding electrochemiluminescence using Ru(bpy)3(2+) and fluorescein isothiocyanate co-doped silica nanoparticles.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2011
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In this paper, an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) encoding method was developed for the first time, based on a dual-dye system including Ru(bpy)(3)(2+) as an ECL emitter and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) as a coding dye.
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Hierarchical organization of brain functional networks during visual tasks.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2011
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The functional network of the brain is known to demonstrate modular structure over different hierarchical scales. In this paper, we systematically investigated the hierarchical modular organizations of the brain functional networks that are derived from the extent of phase synchronization among high-resolution EEG time series during a visual task. In particular, we compare the modular structure of the functional network from EEG channels with that of the anatomical parcellation of the brain cortex. Our results show that the modular architectures of brain functional networks correspond well to those from the anatomical structures over different levels of hierarchy. Most importantly, we find that the consistency between the modular structures of the functional network and the anatomical network becomes more pronounced in terms of vision, sensory, vision-temporal, motor cortices during the visual task, which implies that the strong modularity in these areas forms the functional basis for the visual task. The structure-function relationship further reveals that the phase synchronization of EEG time series in the same anatomical group is much stronger than that of EEG time series from different anatomical groups during the task and that the hierarchical organization of functional brain network may be a consequence of functional segmentation of the brain cortex.
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Research on frequency of application with modern Chinese herbal medicine.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2011
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To study the relationship between 500 kinds of commonly used Chinese herbal medicine and the classification of their efficacies in Chinese Materia Medica in relation to the common diseases listed in Internal Medicine.
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[Effects of sodium selenite on the expressions of beta-catenin and its target cyclin D1 in colorectal cancer cells HCT 116 and SW480].
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2011
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To explore the effects of sodium selenite on the expressions of beta-catenin and cyclin D1 in colorectal cancer cells HCT 116 and SW480.
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The Arabidopsis peptide kiss of death is an inducer of programmed cell death.
EMBO J.
PUBLISHED: 01-05-2011
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Programmed cell death (PCD) has a key role in defence and development of all multicellular organisms. In plants, there is a large gap in our knowledge of the molecular machinery involved at the various stages of PCD, especially the early steps. Here, we identify kiss of death (KOD) encoding a 25-amino-acid peptide that activates a PCD pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana. Two mutant alleles of KOD exhibited a reduced PCD of the suspensor, a single file of cells that support embryo development, and a reduced PCD of root hairs after a 55°C heat shock. KOD expression was found to be inducible by biotic and abiotic stresses. Furthermore, KOD expression was sufficient to cause death in leaves or seedlings and to activate caspase-like activities. In addition, KOD-induced PCD required light in leaves and was repressed by the PCD-suppressor genes AtBax inhibitor 1 and p35. KOD expression resulted in depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane, placing KOD above mitochondria dysfunction, an early step in plant PCD. A KOD?GFP fusion, however, localized in the cytosol of cells and not mitochondria.
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Downregulation of protein kinase C? was involved in selenite-induced apoptosis of NB4 cells.
Oncol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-28-2010
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We revealed in our previous research that sodium selenite induced obvious apoptosis of human leukemia NB4 cells, with reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial apoptosis pathway, and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) involved. In the present study, we revealed protein kinase Ca (PKCalpha) was dramatically downregulated in selenite-induced apoptosis, which was mediated by ROS. Besides, we confirmed PKCalpha played an antiapoptotic role through its effects on ERK1/2 and Akt, while its downregulation was attributed to caspase-3 and PP2Ac under the regulation of ROS. In summary, we speculated that in apoptosis of NB4 cells induced by selenite, PKCalpha functioned to counteract apoptosis, thus its downregulation seemed a mechanism aggravating apoptosis.
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Chemotherapy with PLGA microspheres containing docetaxel decreases angiogenesis in human hepatoma xenograft.
Med. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2010
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To investigate the antiangiogenic effect of sustained-release poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) microspheres containing docetaxel (PMCD) in human hepatoma xenograft. PMCD were prepared by solvent evaporation method with an encapsulation efficiency of 98.7% and a release period of about 3 weeks in vitro. PMCD were intratumorally injected once for mice bearing a human hepatocellular carcinoma. On day 21 post-treatment, the inhibition rate of tumor growth was 72.7% in the high-dose group, indicating a significant antitumor activity. Meanwhile, excellent antiangiogenic effect was observed based on the contrast-enhanced ultrasonography as well as microvessel density determination. Additionally, the real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR revealed that the expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) genes were down-regulated significantly. Interstitial chemotherapy using PMCD was highly effective and safe for the treatment of the human hepatoma xenograft and that decreasing angiogenesis could be one of the most important mechanisms involved in the antitumor activity.
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Phytotoxic and antifungal metabolites from Curvularia sp. FH01 isolated from the gut of Atractomorpha sinensis.
Bioresour. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2010
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Two main phytotoxic and antifungal phthalic acid butyl isobutyl ester (1) and radicinin (2) were isolated from the culture of Curvularia sp. FH01, a fungus residing in the Atractomorpha sinensis gut. The structures of isolated metabolites were established on the basis of spectral analysis. Metabolites 1 and 2 exhibited significant phytotoxic activity against the radical growth of Echinochloa crusgalli with their IC(50) values of 61.9 and 5.9 ?g/mL, respectively, which were comparable to that 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.0 ?g/mL) used as a positive control. The antifungal test results showed that compound 2 possessed strong antifungal activity against Magnaporthe grisea (IC(50)=16.3 ?g/mL) and Valsa mali (IC(50)=18.2 ?g/mL). The findings of the present study suggest that bioactive properties of the fungus FH01 can be attributed to its major components, phthalic acid butyl isobutyl ester and radicinin, and both agents have a potential to be used as herbicide and fungicide.
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Relationships between the addition rates of cellulase or glucose and silage fermentation at different temperatures.
Anim. Sci. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-06-2010
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The influence of the application rates of cellulase preparation and glucose on silage fermentation at different temperatures was studied with the straw of naked barley (Hordeum vulgare L. emand Lam) and guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq.). Addition rate of cellulase and glucose, temperature and their interaction had significant effects on pH value, lactic acid content, butyric acid content and propionic acid content of naked barley straw silage and significant effects on all the parameters of guineagrass silage (P < 0.01). Temperature and interaction had significant effect on acetic acid content (P < 0.05) and no significant effect on NH(3)-N content of naked barley straw silage (P > 0.05). Under all the temperatures, the pH values of barley straw and guineagrass silages were reduced by cellulase and glucose addition even at the lowest rate (P < 0.05), compared with their corresponding control. Lactic acid contents of silages were the highest within the same temperature and same additive when glucose and cellulase were added at the highest rates, whereas the effect of cellulase and glucose addition on butyric acid production varied with their application rates and silage storage temperature. The addition rate of restricting butyric acid fermentation was lower at 20 degrees C than that at 30 degrees C, and it was the lowest at 40 degrees C where cellulase and glucose addition restricted butyric acid fermentation even at 0.1 g/kg and 10 g/kg, respectively, when compared to the control. While the addition rate was lower than the above level, cellulase and glucose addition also promoted butyric acid fermentation.
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Restriction of photoinduced twisted intramolecular charge transfer.
Chemphyschem
PUBLISHED: 06-07-2010
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An intensive investigation of structure-property relationships in the aggregation-induced enhanced emission (AIEE) of luminescent compounds is essential for the rational design of highly emissive solid-state materials. In the AIEE-active compounds N,N-bis[3-hydroxy-4-(2-benzothiazolyl)phenyl]isophthalamide and N,N-bis[3-hydroxy-4-(2-benzothiazolyl)phenyl]-5-tert-butylisophthalamide, fast photoinduced twisted intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) of the enol excited state is found to be mainly responsible for the weak emission of their dilute solutions. The photoinduced TICT enol excited state is formed with a greatly distorted configuration, due to the large rotation about the C-N single bond. This facilitates nonradiative TICT decay from the normal enol excited state to the highly twisted enol excited state, rather than proton-transfer decay to the keto excited state. In aggregates, photoinduced nonradiative deactivation of TICT is strongly prohibited, so that excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) becomes the dominant decay, and hence contributes greatly to the subsequent emission enhancement of the keto form. Molecular design and investigation of analogous single-armed compounds further verifies this kind of AIEE mechanism.
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Parthenolide induces proliferation inhibition and apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2010
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To explore the anti-tumor effects of parthenolide in human pancreatic cancer.
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[Exploration and practice of genetics teaching assisted by network technology platform].
Yi Chuan
PUBLISHED: 04-29-2010
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More teaching techniques have been brought out gradually along with the development of new technologies. On the basis of those traditional teaching methods, a new platform has been set up by the network technology for teaching process. In genetics teaching, it is possible to use the network platform to guide student studying, promote students learning interest and study independently by themselves. It has been proved, after exploring and applying for many years, that network teaching is one of the most useful methods and has inimitable advantage comparing to the traditional ones in genetics teaching. The establishment of network teaching platform, the advantage and deficiency and relevant strategies were intro-duced in this paper.
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Association between urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites and sperm DNA damage: a population study in Chongqing, China.
Environ. Health Perspect.
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2010
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of the most ubiquitous environmental contaminants, may reduce male reproductive functions, but the data from human population studies are very limited.
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[Effects of complete and incomplete sleep deprivation on immune function of mice].
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2010
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To study the interaction between sleep deprivation and immune functions in mice.
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[Optimization of acupuncture treatment programs for facial paralysis].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2010
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To optimize the acupuncture treatment programs for facial paralysis.
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Trends in smoking and quitting in China from 1993 to 2003: National Health Service Survey data.
Bull. World Health Organ.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2010
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China has about 350 million smokers, more commonly men. Using data from National Health Service Surveys conducted in 1993, 1998 and 2003, we (i) estimated trends in smoking prevalence and cessation according to sociodemographic variables and (ii) analysed cessation rates, quitting intentions, reasons for quitting and reasons for relapsing.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.