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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Oxidized high-density lipoprotein impairs endothelial progenitor cells function by activation of CD36-MAPK-TSP-1 pathways.
Antioxid. Redox Signal.
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2014
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Aims: High density lipoprotein (HDL) levels inversely correlate with cardiovascular events due to the protective effects on vascular wall and stem cells, which is susceptible to oxidative modifications and then leads to potential pro-atherosclerotic effects. We proposed that oxidized high density lipoprotein (ox-HDL) might lead to endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) dysfunction and investigated underlying mechanisms. Results: ox-HDL was shown to increase apoptosis and intracellular ROS levels, but reduce migration, angiogenesis and cholesterol efflux of EPCs in a dose dependent manner. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NF-?B were activated after ox-HDL stimulation, which also upregulated thrombospondin-1 expression without affecting vascular endothelial growth factor. Effects caused by ox-HDL could be significantly attenuated by pretreatment with shRNA-mediated CD36 knockdown or probucol. Data of in vivo experiments and the inversely correlation of ox-HDL and circulating EPC numbers among patients with coronary artery diseases or CAD and type 2 diabetes also supported it. Meanwhile HDL separated from such patients could significantly increase cultured EPC's caspase 3 activity, furthermore supporting our proposal. Innovation: This is the most complete study to date of how ox-HDL would impair EPCs function, which was involved with activation of CD36-p38 MAPK-TSP-1 pathways and proved by not only the inverse relationship between ox-HDL and circulating EPCs in clinic, but also pro-apoptotic effects of HDL separated from patients' serum. Conclusion: Activation of CD36-p38 MAPK-TSP-1 pathways contributes to the pathological effects of ox-HDL on EPCs' dysfunction, which might be one of potential etiological factors responsible for the disturbed neovascularization in chronic ischemic disease.
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Immunization with advanced glycation end products modified low density lipoprotein inhibits atherosclerosis progression in diabetic apoE and LDLR null mice.
Cardiovasc Diabetol
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2014
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BackgroundDiabetes propitiates atherosclerosis through undefined molecular mechanisms. Hyperglycemia induces formation of advanced glycation end product (AGE)-modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Anti-AGE-LDL autoantibodies favor atherosclerosis (AS) progression in humans, while anti oxidized LDL immunization inhibits AS in hypercholesterolemic, non-diabetic mice. We here investigated if AGE-LDL immunization protects against AS in diabetic mice.MethodsAfter diabetes induction with streptozotocin and high fat diet, both low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR)¿/¿ and apoE female mice were randomized to: AGE-LDL immunization with aluminum hydroxide (Alum) adjuvant; Alum alone; or PBS.ResultsAGE-LDL immunization: significantly reduced AS; induced specific plasma IgM and IgG antibodies; upregulated splenic Th2, Treg and IL-10 levels, without altering Th1 or Th17 cells; and increased serum high density lipoprotein(HDL) while numerically lowering HbA1c levels.ConclusionsSubcutaneous immunization with AGE-LDL significantly inhibits atherosclerosis progression in hyperlipidemic diabetic mice possibly through activation of specific humoral and cell mediated immune responses and metabolic control improvement.
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Predicting subsequent relapse by drug-related cue-induced brain activation in heroin addiction: an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
Addict Biol
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2014
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Abnormal salience attribution is implicated in heroin addiction. Previously, combining functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a drug cue-reactivity task, we demonstrated abnormal patterns of subjective response and brain reactivity in heroin-dependent individuals. However, whether the changes in cue-induced brain response were related to relapse was unknown. In a prospective study, we recruited 49 heroin-dependent patients under methadone maintenance treatment, a gold standard treatment (average daily dose 41.8?±?16.0?mg), and 20 healthy subjects to perform the heroin cue-reactivity task during fMRI. The patients' subjective craving was evaluated. They participated in a follow-up assessment for 3 months, during which heroin use was assessed and relapse was confirmed by self-reported relapse or urine toxicology. Differences between relapsers and non-relapsers were analyzed with respect to the results from heroin-cue responses. Compared with healthy subjects, relapsers and non-relapsers commonly demonstrated significantly increased brain responses during the processing of heroin cues in the mesolimbic system, prefrontal regions and visuospatial-attention regions. However, compared with non-relapsers, relapsers demonstrated significantly greater cue-induced craving and the brain response mainly in the bilateral nucleus accumbens/subcallosal cortex and cerebellum. Although the cue-induced heroin craving was low in absolute measures, the change in craving positively correlated with the activation of the nucleus accumbens/subcallosal cortex among the patients. These findings suggest that in treatment-seeking heroin-dependent individuals, greater cue-induced craving and greater specific regional activations might be related to reward/craving and memory retrieval processes. These responses may predict relapse and represent important targets for the development of new treatment for heroin addiction.
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Value of metabolic tumor volume on repeated 18F-FDG PET/CT for early prediction of survival in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
J. Nucl. Med.
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the value of standardized uptake values (SUVs) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) in (18)F-FDG PET/CT to predict the survival of patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer during the early stage of concurrent chemoradiotherapy.
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Joint analysis of three genome-wide association studies of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in Chinese populations.
Chen Wu, Zhaoming Wang, Xin Song, Xiao-Shan Feng, Christian C Abnet, Jie He, Nan Hu, Xian-Bo Zuo, Wen Tan, Qimin Zhan, Zhibin Hu, Zhonghu He, Weihua Jia, Yifeng Zhou, Kai Yu, Xiao-Ou Shu, Jian-Min Yuan, Wei Zheng, Xue-Ke Zhao, She-Gan Gao, Zhi-Qing Yuan, Fu-You Zhou, Zong-Min Fan, Ji-Li Cui, Hong-Li Lin, Xue-Na Han, Bei Li, Xi Chen, Sanford M Dawsey, Linda Liao, Maxwell P Lee, Ti Ding, You-Lin Qiao, Zhihua Liu, Yu Liu, Dianke Yu, Jiang Chang, Lixuan Wei, Yu-Tang Gao, Woon-Puay Koh, Yong-Bing Xiang, Ze-Zhong Tang, Jin-Hu Fan, Jing-jing Han, Sheng-Li Zhou, Peng Zhang, Dong-Yun Zhang, Yuan Yuan, Ying Huang, Chunling Liu, Kan Zhai, Yan Qiao, Guangfu Jin, Chuanhai Guo, Jianhua Fu, Xiaoping Miao, Changdong Lu, Haijun Yang, Chaoyu Wang, William A Wheeler, Mitchell Gail, Meredith Yeager, Jeff Yuenger, Er-Tao Guo, Ai-li Li, Wei Zhang, Xue-Min Li, Liang-Dan Sun, Bao-Gen Ma, Yan Li, Sa Tang, Xiu-Qing Peng, Jing Liu, Amy Hutchinson, Kevin Jacobs, Carol Giffen, Laurie Burdette, Joseph F Fraumeni, Hongbing Shen, Yang Ke, Yixin Zeng, Tangchun Wu, Peter Kraft, Charles C Chung, Margaret A Tucker, Zhi-Chao Hou, Ya-Li Liu, Yan-Long Hu, Li Wang, Guo Yuan, Li-Sha Chen, Xiao Liu, Teng Ma, Hui Meng, Li Sun, Xin-Min Li, Xiu-Min Li, Jian-Wei Ku, Ying-Fa Zhou, Liu-Qin Yang, Zhou Wang, Yin Li, Qirenwang Qige, Wen-jun Yang, Guang-Yan Lei, Long-qi Chen, En-Min Li, Ling Yuan, Wen-Bin Yue, Ran Wang, Lu-Wen Wang, Xue-Ping Fan, Fang-Heng Zhu, Wei-Xing Zhao, Yi-min Mao, Mei Zhang, Guo-Lan Xing, Ji-Lin Li, Min Han, Jing-Li Ren, Bin Liu, Shu-Wei Ren, Qing-Peng Kong, Feng Li, Ilyar Sheyhidin, Wu Wei, Yan-Rui Zhang, Chang-Wei Feng, Jin Wang, Yu-Hua Yang, Hong-Zhang Hao, Qi-De Bao, Bao-Chi Liu, Ai-Qun Wu, Dong Xie, Wan-Cai Yang, Liang Wang, Xiao-Hang Zhao, Shu-Qing Chen, Jun-Yan Hong, Xue-Jun Zhang, Neal D Freedman, Alisa M Goldstein, Dongxin Lin, Philip R Taylor, Li-dong Wang, Stephen J Chanock.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2014
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We conducted a joint (pooled) analysis of three genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in individuals of Chinese ancestry (5,337 ESCC cases and 5,787 controls) with 9,654 ESCC cases and 10,058 controls for follow-up. In a logistic regression model adjusted for age, sex, study and two eigenvectors, two new loci achieved genome-wide significance, marked by rs7447927 at 5q31.2 (per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.82-0.88; P = 7.72 × 10(-20)) and rs1642764 at 17p13.1 (per-allele OR = 0.88, 95% CI = 0.85-0.91; P = 3.10 × 10(-13)). rs7447927 is a synonymous SNP in TMEM173, and rs1642764 is an intronic SNP in ATP1B2, near TP53. Furthermore, a locus in the HLA class II region at 6p21.32 (rs35597309) achieved genome-wide significance in the two populations at highest risk for ESSC (OR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.22-1.46; P = 1.99 × 10(-10)). Our joint analysis identifies new ESCC susceptibility loci overall as well as a new locus unique to the population in the Taihang Mountain region at high risk of ESCC.
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Aggregated recommendation through random forests.
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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Aggregated recommendation refers to the process of suggesting one kind of items to a group of users. Compared to user-oriented or item-oriented approaches, it is more general and, therefore, more appropriate for cold-start recommendation. In this paper, we propose a random forest approach to create aggregated recommender systems. The approach is used to predict the rating of a group of users to a kind of items. In the preprocessing stage, we merge user, item, and rating information to construct an aggregated decision table, where rating information serves as the decision attribute. We also model the data conversion process corresponding to the new user, new item, and both new problems. In the training stage, a forest is built for the aggregated training set, where each leaf is assigned a distribution of discrete rating. In the testing stage, we present four predicting approaches to compute evaluation values based on the distribution of each tree. Experiments results on the well-known MovieLens dataset show that the aggregated approach maintains an acceptable level of accuracy.
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[Y chromosome microdeletions: detection in 1 052 infertile men and analysis of 14 of their families].
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2014
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To investigate the characteristics of father-to-son vertical transmission of Y chromosome microdeletions
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pH-responsive polymer-drug conjugates as multifunctional micelles for cancer-drug delivery.
Nanotechnology
PUBLISHED: 07-30-2014
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We developed a novel linear pH-sensitive conjugate methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-4?-aminopodophyllotoxin (mPEG-NPOD-I) by a covalently linked 4?-aminopodophyllotoxin (NPOD) and PEG via imine bond, which was amphiphilic and self-assembled to micelles in an aqueous solution. The mPEG-NPOD-I micelles simultaneously served as an anticancer drug conjugate and as drug carriers. As a drug conjugate, mPEG-NPOD-I showed a significantly faster NPOD release at a mildly acidic pH of 5.0 and 4.0 than a physiological pH of 7.4. Notably, it was confirmed that this drug conjugate could efficiently deliver NPOD to the nuclei of the tumor cells and led to much more cytotoxic effects to A549, Hela, and HepG2 cancer cells than the parent NPOD. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC??) of mPEG-NPOD-I was about one order magnitude lower than that of the NPOD. In vivo, mPEG-NPOD-I reduced the size of the tumors significantly, and the biodistribution studies indicated that this drug conjugate could selectively accumulate in tumor tissues. As drug carriers, the mPEG-NPOD-I micelles encapsulated hydrophobic PTX with drug-loading efficiencies of 57% and drug-loading content of 16%. The loaded PTX also showed pH-triggered fast release behavior, and good additive cytotoxicity effect was observed for the PEG-NPOD-I/PTX. We are convinced that these multifunctional drug conjugate micelles have tremendous potential for targeted cancer therapy.
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A fast approach to bimatrix games with intuitionistic fuzzy payoffs.
ScientificWorldJournal
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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The aim of this paper is to develop an effective method for solving bimatrix games with payoffs of intuitionistic fuzzy value. Firstly, bimatrix game model with intuitionistic fuzzy payoffs (IFPBiG) was put forward. Secondly, two kinds of nonlinear programming algorithms were discussed with the Nash equilibrium of IFPBiG. Thirdly, Nash equilibrium of the algorithm was proved by the fixed point theory and the algorithm was simplified by linear programming methods. Finally, an example was solved through Matlab; it showed the validity, applicability, and superiority.
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Colloidal synthesis and photocatalytic properties of orthorhombic AgGaS2 nanocrystals.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2014
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AgGaS2 (AGS) nanocrystals that exist in the orthorhombic phase were successfully prepared for the first time through a one-pot colloidal synthetic strategy using suitable coordinating solvents. These orthorhombic AGS nanocrystals were found to display great potential in visible-light-driven photocatalysis.
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Pelvic congestion syndrome and pelvic varicosities.
Tech Vasc Interv Radiol
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2014
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Pelvic venous insufficiency (PVI), defined as retrograde flow in the gonadal and internal iliac veins, is the underlying cause of pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS), a common cause of disabling chronic pelvic pain in women of child-bearing age. PCS is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by positional pelvic pain that is worse in the upright position and is associated with pelvic and vulvar varicosities as well as symptoms of dyspareunia and postcoital pain. Through collaterals to the lower extremity venous system, PVI may also contribute to varicose vein formation and recurrence in the lower extremities. Endovascular embolization of the ovarian and internal iliac veins has become the treatment of choice for PVI and PCS. This article reviews the pelvic retroperitoneal venous anatomy, pathophysiology of PCS, treatment options and techniques, and clinical outcomes of embolotherapy for PCS.
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Dexamethasone-loaded poly(D, L-lactic acid) microspheres/poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) micelles composite for skin augmentation.
J Biomed Nanotechnol
PUBLISHED: 04-17-2014
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Soft tissue augmentation using various injectable fillers has gained popularity as more patients seek esthetic improvement through minimally invasive procedures requiring little or no recovery time. The currently available injectable skin fillers can be divided into three categories. With careful assessment, stimulatory fillers are the most ideal fillers. In this study, dexamethasone-loaded poly(D, L-lactic acid) (PLA) microspheres of approximately 90 micro m suspended in poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-PCL-PEG, PECE) micelles were prepared as stimulatory filler for skin augmentation. The biodegradable PECE copolymer can form nano-sized micelles in water, which instantly turns into a non-flowing gel at body temperature due to micellar aggregation. The PECE micelles (making up 90% of composite) served as vehicle for subcutaneous injection were metabolized within 44 days. At the same time, the dexamethasone-loaded PLA microspheres (10% of composite) merely served as stimulus for connective tissue formation. Dexamethasone-loaded PLA microspheres/PECE micelles composite presented great hemocompatibility in vitro. It was demonstrated in the in vive study that the composite was biodegradable, biocompatible, nontoxic and nonmigratory. Histopathological studies indicated that the composite could stimulate collagen regeneration. Furthermore, granuloma, the main complication of the stimulatory fillers, did not appear when the composite was injected into the back of SD rats, because of the dexamethasone controlled release from the composite. All results suggested that dexamethasone-loaded PLA microspheres/PECE micelles composite may be an efficient and promising biomaterial for skin augmentation.
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Differential expression of microRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells as specific biomarker for major depressive disorder patients.
J Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2014
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Currently, diagnosis and treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) are based on the patients' description of symptoms, mental status examinations, and clinical behavioral observations, which increases the chance of misdiagnosis. There is a serious need to find a practical biomarker for the proper diagnosis of MDD. This study aimed to explore the possibility of microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as specific blood-based biomarker for MDD patients. By using an Affymetrix array that covers 723 human miRNAs, we identified 26 miRNAs with significant changes in expression in PBMCs of MDD patients. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis in a larger cohort of 81 MDD patients and 46 healthy controls confirmed that the expression levels of 5 miRNAs (miRNA-26b, miRNA-1972, miRNA-4485, miRNA-4498, and miRNA-4743) were up-regulated. By receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the combining area under the ROC curve (AUC) of these five miRNAs was 0.636 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.58-0.90]. MiRNA target gene prediction and functional annotation analysis showed that there was a significant enrichment in several pathways associated with nervous system and brain functions, supporting the hypothesis that differentially-regulated miRNAs may be involved in mechanism underlying development of MDD. We conclude that altered expression of miRNAs in PMBCs might be involved in multiple stages of MDD pathogenesis, and thus might be able to serve as specific biomarker for diagnosis of MDD.
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Injectable Microbeads with a Thermo-Responsive Shell and a pH-Responsive Core as a Dual-Switch-Controlled Release System.
Small
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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Treating inflammation with a dual-switch-controlled release system: The release of a drug from the developed microbead system occurs only in response to both an increase in local temperature and an acidic environmental pH. This dual-switch-controlled release system has the advantages of distinguishing between inflamed and healthy tissues to improve treatment efficacy.
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Thoracic duct embolization and disruption for treatment of chylous effusions: experience with 105 patients.
J Vasc Interv Radiol
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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To review the indications, technical approach, and clinical outcomes of thoracic duct embolization (TDE) and thoracic duct disruption (TDD) in patients with symptomatic chylous effusions.
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Oxytocin decreases colonic motility of cold water stressed rats via oxytocin receptors.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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To investigate whether cold water intake into the stomach affects colonic motility and the involvement of the oxytocin-oxytocin receptor pathway in rats.
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A preliminary analysis of association between the down-regulation of microRNA-181b expression and symptomatology improvement in schizophrenia patients before and after antipsychotic treatment.
J Psychiatr Res
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Despite the growing evidences on the relation of altered expression of miRNAs and schizophrenia, most schizophrenia subjects have an extensive antipsychotic treatment history and the pharmacological effects on miRNA expression are largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the change of plasma microRNA-181b level and improvement of symptomatology before and after six-week antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia patients, and explore their association. A total of 20 schizophrenia patients absent of antipsychotics and 20 age-and gender-matched normal controls were enrolled, and tested for 9 schizophrenia-associated microRNA (miR-30e, miR-34a, miR-181b, miR-195, miR-346, miR-432, miR-7, miR-132 and miR-212) expression levels in plasma using quantitative RT-PCR and for symptomatology improvement using Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) before and after treatment (olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone and risperidone) for the patients only. Compared with the normal control group, the expression levels of miRNA-181b, miRNA-30e, miRNA-34a and miRNA-7 of the patients group were significantly higher (p < 0.05). Compared with those before treatment in the patient group, the symptomatology scores were significantly lower (p < 0.001), and the expression level of microRNA-181b was significantly down-regulated after treatment (p < 0.05). The change of miRNA-181b expression was positively correlated with the improvement of negative symptoms and lack of response symptoms (r = 0.502 and 0.557, P < 0.05, accounting for 20.2% and 26.4% respectively), and their therapeutic effects with OR being 11.283 and 5.119 respectively. We conclude that miRNA-181b, miRNA-30e, miRNA-34a and miRNA-7 are probably involved in pathogenesis of SZ, and the significant down-regulation of miRNA-181b expression predicts improvement of negative symptoms to treatment, and thus can serve as a potential plasmamolecular marker for antipsychotic responses.
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Aberrant promoter methylation of the vimentin gene may contribute to colorectal carcinogenesis: a meta-analysis.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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This meta-analysis of published cohort studies was conducted to evaluate how closely the promoter methylation of the vimentin gene is correlated with the pathogenesis of colorectal carcinogenesis (CRC). The Web of Science (1945 ~ 2013), Cochrane Library Database (issue 12, 2013), PubMed (1966 ~ 2013), EMBASE (1980 ~ 2013), CINAHL (1982 ~ 2013), and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM) (1982 ~ 2013) were searched without language restrictions. Meta-analyses were conducted using Stata software (Version 12.0, Stata Corporation, College Station, TX, USA). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 %CI) were calculated. Seven clinical cohort studies with a total of 467 CRC subjects met our inclusion criteria. Our meta-analysis results demonstrated that the frequency of vimentin promoter methylation in cancer tissues was significantly higher than in normal and benign tissues (cancer tissues vs. normal tissues: OR = 32.41, 95 %CI = 21.04 ~ 49.93, P < 0.001; cancer tissues vs. benign tissues: OR = 1.60, 95 %CI 1.05 ~ 2.42, P = 0.028). Ethnicity-stratified analysis indicated that the frequency of aberrant vimentin promoter methylation was correlated with the pathogenesis of CRC in both Asians and Caucasians. The findings of our meta-analysis confirm that vimentin methylation may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of CRC.
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AFP-producing urothelial carcinoma of the bladder: a case report.
Int Urol Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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We report a case of urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder with concurrent alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) elevation. A 60-year-old male was admitted for gross hematuria. Subsequent analyses revealed elevated serum AFP levels (970.20 ng/ml). He had no history of hepatitis, and hepatobiliary disease was not detected on computed tomography or ultrasound. Carcino-embryonic antigen was normal. The patient underwent radical cystectomy and was found to have a high-grade urothelial carcinoma of bladder on pathology. In addition, immunohistochemical staining of the tumor cells showed strong AFP positivity. Postoperatively, serum AFP levels decreased gradually to normal. In summary, urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder with AFP elevation is rare, and the mechanism and prognosis require further exploration.
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Novel esophageal squamous cell carcinoma bone metastatic clone isolated by scintigraphy, X ray and micro PET/CT.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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To establish a Chinese esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell line with high bone metastasis potency using (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate ((99m)Tc-MDP) micro-pinhole scintigraphy, X ray and micro-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for exploring the mechanism of occurrence and development in esophageal cancer.
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Tumor-associated macrophages promote cancer stem cell-like properties via transforming growth factor-beta1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), a crucial component of immune cells infiltrated in tumor microenvironment, have been found to be associated with progression and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we aimed to clarify the mechanism underlying the crosstalk between TAMs and cancer stem cells (CSCs) in HCC. Mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells were used to investigate the effects of TAMs on mouse hepatoma cell line Hepa1-6 cells in vivo and vitro. A total of 90 clinical samples had pathology-proven HCC were used to evaluate the distribution of TAMs and CSCs and analyze their value in predicting the prognosis. In the study, we have found that the number of TAMs has a positive correlation with the density of CSCs in the marginal of human HCC. Our results show that, cocultured with TAM-conditioned medium (CM) promoted CSC-like properties in Hepa1-6 cells, which underwent EMT and gained higher invasive capability. TAMs secreted more transforming growth factor- beta1 (TGF-beta1) than other phenotypes of macrophage. Furthermore, depletion of TGF-beta1 blocked acquisition of CSC-like properties by inhibition of TGF-beta1-induced EMT. High expression of CD68 in the EpCAM positive expression HCC tissues was strongly associated with both poor cancer-free survival and overall survival in patients. Our results indicate that the TAMs promote CSC-like properties via TGF-beta1-induced EMT and they may contribute to investigate the prognosis of HCC.
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The bHLH transcription factor HBI1 mediates the trade-off between growth and pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity in Arabidopsis.
Plant Cell
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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The trade-off between growth and immunity is crucial for survival in plants. However, the mechanism underlying growth-immunity balance has remained elusive. The PRE-IBH1-HBI1 tripartite helix-loop-helix/basic helix-loop-helix module is part of a central transcription network that mediates growth regulation by several hormonal and environmental signals. Here, genome-wide analyses of HBI1 target genes show that HBI1 regulates both overlapping and unique targets compared with other DNA binding components of the network in Arabidopsis thaliana, supporting a role in specifying network outputs and fine-tuning feedback regulation. Furthermore, HBI1 negatively regulates a subset of genes involved in immunity, and pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) signals repress HBI1 transcription. Constitutive overexpression and loss-of-function experiments show that HBI1 inhibits PAMP-induced growth arrest, defense gene expression, reactive oxygen species production, and resistance to pathogen. These results show that HBI1, as a component of the central growth regulation circuit, functions as a major node of crosstalk that mediates a trade-off between growth and immunity in plants.
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Patterns of local-regional failure in completely resected stage IIIA(N2) non-small cell lung cancer cases: implications for postoperative radiation therapy clinical target volume design.
Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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To analyze patterns of local-regional failure (LRF) for completely resected stage IIIA(N2) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated in our hospital and to propose a clinical target volume (CTV) for postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) in these patients.
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Capn4 mRNA level is correlated with tumour progression and clinical outcome in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
J. Int. Med. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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To investigate the mRNA and protein levels of calpain small subunit-1 (Capn4) in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), to analyse the relationship between Capn4 mRNA level and pathological stage of ccRCC, and to examine the potential of Capn4 as a prognostic factor in ccRCC.
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Hepatic antioxidant enzymes SOD and CAT of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in response to pesticide methomyl and recovery pattern.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2014
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Hepatic antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) of Nile tilapia in response to pesticide methomyl and recovery pattern were researched by exposing tilapia to sub-lethal methomyl concentrations of 0, 0.2, 2, 20 and 200 ?g/L for 30 days, and then transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 days. Hepatic SOD and CAT were measured at 10 min (day 0), 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days after starting the experiment and at 18 days after transferring to methomyl-free water. The results showed hepatic SOD and CAT activities in 2, 20 and 200 ?g/L groups were affected significantly, however, that in 0.2 ?g/L group didn't change significantly compared to control during 30-day exposure period. Thus it would appear the 0.2 ?g/L methomyl might be considered the no observed adverse effect level. Recovery data showed that, for SOD, the effects produced by lower concentration of methomyl 2 ?g/L were reversible but not at concentrations higher than 20 ?g/L, however, for CAT, the effects produced by all the concentrations were reversible.
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Ethanol extract of Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl ameliorates diabetic retinopathy and its mechanism.
Vascul. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2014
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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). The present study investigates the amelioration of ethanol extract of Dendrobium chrysotoxum Lindl (DC) on streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DR and its engaged mechanism. Retinal immunofluorescence staining with cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) demonstrated that DC (30-300 mg/kg) decreased the increased retinal vessels in STZ-induced diabetic rats. Retinal histopathological observation also showed that retinal vessels were decreased in DC-treated diabetic rats. DC decreased the increased retinal mRNA expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) in diabetic rats, and DC also decreased the elevated serum VEGF level. Immunohistochemical staining further evidenced that DC decreased VEGF and VEGFR2 expression in retinas. Retinal mRNA expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2/9 was decreased in DC (300 mg/kg)-treated diabetic rats. Serum levels of MMP 2/9, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) A/B, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), interleukin 1? (IL-1?), and IL-6 were all decreased in DC-treated diabetic rats. In addition, DC decreased the increased phosphorylation of p65 and the increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). In conclusion, DC can alleviate retinal angiogenesis during the process of DR via inhibiting the expression of VEGF/VEGFR2, and some other pro-angiogenic factors such as MMP 2/9, PDGF A/B, bFGF, IGF-1. In addition, DC can also ameliorate retinal inflammation via inhibiting NF?B signaling pathway.
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Simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy in esophageal carcinoma : Early results of a phase II study.
Strahlenther Onkol
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2014
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The safety and efficacy of using simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB-IMRT) for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were evaluated in a single-institution phase II setting.
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Outcomes of stage 1-5 chronic kidney disease in Mainland China.
Ren Fail
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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This study aims to quantify and compare the risks of death and end stage renal disease (ESRD) in a prospective cohort of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 1-5 under renal management clinic at Peking University Third Hospital and to evaluate the risk factors associated with these two outcomes.
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Risk factors for hepatitis B virus reactivation after conformal radiotherapy in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
Cancer Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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This study investigated whether conformal radiotherapy affects hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation, and the risk factors for HBV reactivation in patients with HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Sixty-nine patients with HCC were included in this retrospective study. Before radiotherapy (RT), all patients underwent imaging examinations and some baseline examinations, including CBC, liver function test, renal function test, ?-fetoprotein level, hepatitis B (HB) surface antigen, HB surface Ab, HB e antigen, HB e Ab, and serum HBV DNA quantification. During the period of RT and at least 16 weeks after the end of RT, CBCs were carried out weekly and the other tests were monitored monthly or more frequently if necessary. The clinical features and dosimetric parameters of RT were recorded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression algorithms were used to analyze the risk factors of HBV reactivation. The incidence of complications in the study population was as follows: radiation-induced liver disease, 17.4%; HBV reactivation, 24.6%; and HBV reactivation-induced hepatitis, 21.7%. The HBV DNA level and dose volume parameters including normal liver volume, V20, and mean dose were associated with HBV reactivation. There was a relatively high incidence of HBV reactivation in HCC patients after the end of conformal RT. The serum HBV DNA level and some dosimetric parameters related to normal liver, including normal liver volume, V20, and mean dose, were the prognosis factors of HBV reactivation and should be carefully considered before conformal RT.
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Effects of chronic exposure of methomyl on the antioxidant system in liver of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).
Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2014
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The chronic effect of methomyl on the antioxidant system in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) was investigated. Fish were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations of 0.2, 2, 20 and 200?gL(-1) for 30 days, and then transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 days. Hepatic antioxidant parameters, including Glutathione-S-transferase (GST), Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), Glutathione reductase (GR), Reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), were measured at 10min (day 0), 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days after starting the experiment and at 18 days after transferring to methomyl-free water. There were no significant changes in enzymatic activity and content of antioxidants in liver of tilapia exposed to 0.2?gL(-1) methomyl compared to controls. However, the results showed significant increases in activities of GST, GR, GPx and levels of GSSG accompanied by a decrease in GSH levels following methomyl exposure in tilapia to 2, 20 or 200?gL(-1) over the 30-day exposure period and the highest induction rates in GST, GR, GPx and GSSG were 150.87%, 163.21%, 189.76%, and 179.56% of the control respectively, and the highest inhibition rate in GSH was 50.67% of the control, suggesting the presence of oxidative stress. Thus it would appear that the 0.2?gL(-1) methomyl might be considered as the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL). Recovery data showed that the effects produced by lower concentration of methomyl 20?gL(-1) were reversible but not at the higher 200?gL(-1) concentration.
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Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection in esophageal and cervical cancers in the high incidence area for the two diseases from 2007 to 2009 in Linzhou of Henan Province, Northern China.
Arch. Virol.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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The etiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical cancer has been well established. However, it is inconclusive whether HPV plays the same role in esophageal carcinogenesis. In this study, we detected HPV infection in 145 frozen esophageal tissues, including 30 normal epithelium (ENOR), 37 dysplasia (DYS) and 78 invasive squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and in 143 frozen cervical tissues composed of 30 normal epithelium (CNOR), 38 intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 75 invasive squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). The patients and symptom-free subjects enrolled in this study were from a high-incidence area for both ESCC and CSCC, Linzhou City, Northern China, from 2007 to 2009. The HPV infection analysis was conducted by using an HPV GenoArray Test Kit. We found that the high-risk HPV types accounted for more than 90 % of the HPV-positive lesions of esophagus and cervix tissues. The prevalence of high-risk HPV types increased significantly during the progression of both esophageal and cervical carcinogenesis (positive rate in esophageal tissues: 33 % ENOR, 70 % in DYS and 69 % in ESCC; positive rate in cervical tissues: 27 % in CNOR, 82 % in CIN and 88 % in CSCC; P < 0.001, respectively). Infection with the high-risk HPV types increased the risk for both DYS and ESCC by 4-fold (DYS vs. ENOR: OR = 4.73, 95 %CI = 1.68-13.32; ESCC vs. ENOR: OR = 4.50, 95 %CI = 1.83-11.05) and increased the risk for both CIN and CSCC by 12-fold and 20-fold (CIN vs. CNOR: OR = 12.18, 95 %CI = 3.85-38.55; CSCC vs. CNOR: OR = 20.17, 95 %CI = 6.93-58.65), respectively. The prevalence of high-risk types in ESCC patients was lower than that in CSCC patients (P = 0.005) and was significantly associated with the degree of ESCC tumor infiltration (P = 0.001). HPV 16 was the most prevalent subtype in both esophageal and cervical tissues. Single HPV infection increased significantly along with the progression of ESCC and maintained a high level in cervical tissues, regardless of whether they were CNOR or CSCC tissues. Our results showed that infection with HPV, especially the high-risk types, was positively associated with both esophageal and cervical cancers, suggesting that HPV also plays a role in the etiology of ESCC in the high-incidence area.
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B7-H4 expression is correlated with tumor progression and clinical outcome in urothelial cell carcinoma.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To investigate the mRNA and protein levels of B7-H4, a B7 family molecule, in human urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC), to analyze the relationship between B7-H4 protein expression level and pathological stage of UCC, and to examine the potential of B7-H4 as a prognostic factor in UCC.
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Proliferative ductular reactions correlate with hepatic progenitor cell and predict recurrence in HCC patients after curative resection.
Cell Biosci
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Ductular reactions (DRs) are well documented in many acute and chronic liver disease.The DRs are thought to be the transit amplifying cells deriving from activation of the stem/progenitor cell compartments of the liver. The aim of this study was to examine the presence of proliferative index of DR (PI-DR) and HPC markers' expression in HCCs after curative hepatectomy, as well as their relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis.
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Injectable thermosensitive hydrogel composite with surface-functionalized calcium phosphate as raw materials.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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In this study, L-lactide was used to modify the tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) and tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) surface which can form functionalized poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA)-grafted ?-TCP (g-?-TCP) and PLLA-grafted TTCP (g-TTCP) particles. The g-?-TCP and g-TTCP obtained were incorporated into a PEG-PCL-PEG (PECE) matrix to prepare injectable thermosensitive hydrogel composites. The morphology of the hydrogel composites showed that the g-?-TCP and g-TTCP particles dispersed homogeneously into the polymer matrix, and each hydrogel composite had a three-dimensional network structure. Rheologic analysis showed that the composite had good thermosensitivity. Changes in calcium concentration and pH in simulated body fluid solutions confirmed the feasibility of surface-functionalized calcium phosphate for controlled release of calcium. All the results indicate that g-?-TCP/PECE and g-TTCP/PECE hydrogels might be a promising protocol for tissue engineering.
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Effect of Charged Amino Acid Side Chain Length on Lateral Cross-Strand Interactions between Carboxylate-Containing Residues and Lysine Analogues in a ?-Hairpin.
Biochemistry
PUBLISHED: 12-12-2013
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?-Sheets are one of the fundamental three-dimensional building blocks for protein structures. Oppositely charged amino acids are frequently observed directly across one another in antiparallel sheet structures, suggesting the importance of cross-strand ion pairing interactions. Despite the apparent electrostatic nature of ion pairing interactions, the charged amino acids Asp, Glu, Arg, Lys have different numbers of hydrophobic methylenes linking the charged functionality to the backbone. Accordingly, the effect of charged amino acid side chain length on cross-strand ion pairing interactions at lateral non-hydrogen bonded positions was investigated in a ?-hairpin motif. The negatively charged residues with a carboxylate (Asp, Glu, Aad in increasing length) were incorporated at position 4, and the positively charged residues with an ammonium (Dap, Dab, Orn, Lys in increasing length) were incorporated at position 9. The fraction folded population and folding free energy were derived from the chemical shift deviation data. Double mutant cycle analysis was used to determine the interaction energy for the potential lateral ion pairs. Only the Asp/Glu-Dap interactions with shorter side chains and the Aad-Orn/Lys interactions with longer side chains exhibited stabilizing energetics, mostly relying on electrostatics and hydrophobics, respectively. This suggested the need for length matching of the interacting residues to stabilize the ?-hairpin motif. A survey of a nonredundant protein structure database revealed that the statistical sheet pair propensity followed the trend Asp-Lys < Glu-Lys, also implying the need for length matching of the oppositely charged residues.
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[Visualization of endolymphatic hydrops in 3D-FLAIR MRI after intratympanic Gd-DTPA administration in Menieres disease patients].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2013
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To study the feasibility of endolymphatic visualization and the diagnosis of Menieres disease by applying intratympanic gadolinium administration through the tympanic membrance and three-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging (3D-FLAIR MRI). To study the relationship between the endolymphatic hydrops visualized by MRI and audio-vestibular functional tests, such as pure tone audiometry (PTA), electrocochleography (EcoG), caloric test and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP).
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Ischemic preconditioning produces more powerful anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects than limb remote ischemic postconditioning in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2013
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Both ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and limb remote ischemic postconditioning (LRIPOC) have been shown to possess significantly different cardioprotective effects against the myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI), but no study has compared the anti-inflammatory effects of IPC and LRIPOC during myocardial IRI process. We hypothesized that IPC and LRIPOC would produce different anti-inflammatory effects in an in vivo rat model with myocardial IRI.
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Effects of chronic exposure of methomyl on the antioxidant system in kidney of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and recovery pattern.
J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2013
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Tilapia were exposed to sublethal methomyl concentrations of 0, 0.2, 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L for 30 d, and then were transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 d. Renal antioxidant parameters, including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) , glutathione reductase (GR), total glutathione (GSH), and reduced glutathione (GSSG), were examined in tilapia at d 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 after starting the experiment and at 18 d after transferring to methomyl-free water. There were no significant changes in enzymatic activity and content of antioxidants in kidney of tilapia exposed to 0.2 ?g/L methomyl compared to controls. The results showed significant increases in SOD, CAT, GST, GR, GPx, and level of GSSG accompanied by a decrease in GSH levels following methomyl exposure in tilapia to 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L over the 30-d exposure period, suggesting the presence of oxidative stress. Thus, it would appear the 0.2 ?g/L methomyl might be considered the no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL). Recovery data showed that the effects produced by lower concentration of methomyl at 20 ?g/L were reversible but not at the higher 200 ?g/L concentration.
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[Application of one-stop diagnosis and treatment plan in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for patients with complex renal calculi].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-16-2013
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To evaluate the safety and efficacy of preoperative computed tomography urography (CTU) three-dimensional reconstruction, intraoperative radiology and ultrasound guidance followed by percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the treatment of complex renal calculi.
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Sequential Chemoradiotherapy with Accelerated Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Compared to Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy with Standard Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.
PUBLISHED: 09-20-2013
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To compare the outcomes and treatment-related toxicities of two chemoradiotherapy schedules given to the patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): sequential chemotherapy with accelerated hypofractionated radiotherapy (SCRT), and concurrent chemotherapy with standard radiotherapy (CCRT), 68 patients from two prospective clinical trials were included. Thirty-four patients were treated with SCRT using an accelerated hypofractionated radiation schedule, 34 patients received CCRT with standard radiation. Between the two treatment groups there were no significant differences in terms of overall survival, progression-free survival (PFS), locoregional-PFS or distant metastasis-PFS. For the SCRT group, the median survival time and 2- and 4-year overall survival rates were 19 months, 38.2%, and 23.5%, respectively, and for the CCRT group these were 19 months, 44.1%, and 19.6%. Esophageal and constitutional toxicities were more pronounced in the CCRT group, while there was no significant difference in pulmonary toxicities. The results suggest that for unresectable stage III NSCLC, the outcomes of SCRT with accelerated hypofractionated radiotherapy and CCRT with standard radiotherapy are similar, but the toxicities associated with treatment are less in the SCRT group.
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Changes of urinary phospholipids in the chronic kidney disease patients.
Biomarkers
PUBLISHED: 09-13-2013
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To evaluate whether urinary phospholipids could be regarded as biomarkers of chronic kidney disease.
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[Multi-center study on the treatment for intermediate and high-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss].
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2013
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To analyze the therapeutic effect of treatment for intermediate and high-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL).
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Injectable thermosensitive PEG-PCL-PEG hydrogel/acellular bone matrix composite for bone regeneration in cranial defects.
Biomaterials
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2013
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We have certified that the injectable thermosensitive ABM/PECE composite presented promising potential in bone regeneration benefited from the incorporation of the intrinsic osteoinductive acellular bone matrix (ABM) granules into the poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(?-capro-lactone)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-PCL-PEG, PECE) hydrogel. In this study, the 12 mm × 8 mm × 2 mm cranial defects of the New Zealand white rabbits were fabricated to evaluate the bone regeneration effect. The ABM/PECE composite was injected into the defect while the pure PECE as control, and the bone regeneration was evaluated at 4, 12 and 20 weeks post-surgery by X-radiological examination, micro-computed tomography examination and histological analysis. In ABM/PECE composite treated group, the new bone formed originally from both the margin and the center of the defect, and the defect region had healed up to 20 weeks. Furthermore, the shadow density of the newly formed bone eventually approximated to host cortical bone. In comparison, the control group was filled with sparing new bone with low-density only from the periphery of the defect. Meanwhile, the quantitative determination of new bone by histomorphometry confirmed the excellent bone regeneration of ABM/PECE composite. All the results suggested that the ABM/PECE composite presented enhanced bone regeneration guidance in rabbit cranial defects.
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Responses of glutathione-related antioxidant defense system in serum of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to sublethal concentration of methomyl and recovery pattern.
Environ. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2013
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Tilapia were exposed to sublethal concentrations of 0, 0.2, 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L for 30 days, and then transferred to methomyl-free water for 18 days. GST, GPx, GR, GSH, and GSSG in tilapia serum were examined at 0, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 30 days after methomyl exposure and at 18 days after transferring to methomyl-free water. There were no significant changes in antioxidants activities and contents in serum of tilapia exposed to 0.2 ?g/L. Significant increases in GST, GR, GPx, and GSSG accompanied by a decrease in GSH were observed following methomyl exposure to 2, 20, or 200 ?g/L, suggesting the presence of oxidative stress. Thus, it would appear the 0.2 ?g/L methomyl might be considered the no observed adverse effect level. Recovery data showed that the effects produced by lower concentration of 20 ?g/L were reversible but not at the higher 200 ?g/L concentration. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2013.
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[Efficacy controlled observation on acupuncture and western medicine for gastrointestinal dysmotility in liver cirrhosis].
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2013
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To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on gastrointestinal dysmotility in liver cirrhosis.
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PLA/PEG-PPG-PEG/Dexamethasone implant prepared by hot-melt extrusion for controlled release of immunosuppressive drug to implantable medical devices, part 2: in vivo evaluation.
Drug Deliv
PUBLISHED: 06-11-2013
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Hot-melt extrusion (HME) plays an important role in preparing implants as local drug delivery systems in pharmaceutical fields. Here, a new PLA/PEG-PPG-PEG/Dexamethasone (PLA/F68/Dex) implant prepared by HME has been developed. Importantly, the implant was successfully achieved to control release of immunosuppressive drug to an implanted device. In particular, this implant has not been reported previously in pharmaceutical fields. FTIR and XRD were adopted to investigate the properties of the samples. The in vivo release study showed that the maximum value of Dex release from the implants was approximately 50% at 1 month. The in vivo degradation behavior was determined by UV spectrophotometer and scanning electron microscopy studies, and the weight loss rate of the implants were up to 25% at 1 month. Furthermore, complete blood count (CBC) test, serum chemistry and major organs were performed, and there is no significant lesion and side effects observed in these results. Therefore, the results elucidated that the new PLA/F68/Dex implant prepared by HME could deliver an immunosuppressive drug to control the inflammatory reaction at the implant site.
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A NEIL1 single nucleotide polymorphism (rs4462560) predicts the risk of radiation-induced toxicities in esophageal cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2013
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To assess the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of base-excision repair genes and clinical outcomes, the roles of genetic variants of 3 selected genes-flap structure-specific endonuclease 1 (FEN1), 8-hydroxyguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1), and nei endonuclease VIII-like 1 (NEIL1)--were investigated in radiation-induced esophageal toxicity (RIET), radiation pneumonitis (RP), and overall survival (OS) after radio(chemo)therapy in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
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[Study on relationship between alfalfa canopy spectral reflectance and leaf water content].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2013
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In the present study, alfalfa canopy reflectance was researched at alfalfa squaring period under different irrigation amount at the hutubi county grassland ecological station. Determining the spectral diagnostic model of alfalfa leaf moisture content was determined by spectrometry. The results showed that (1) The spectral reflectance of alfalfa canopy gradually decreases with the increase in the leaf water content in the near infrared. (2) The spectral inversion model of alfalfa leaf moisture content established by normalized reflectance spectra is superior to the original reflectance spectra, and the prediction model established in the 1,344-1,660 nm band has the lowest average relative error (7.8%). (3) In this study, the spectral diagnostic model of the leaf moisture content is: Y=0.962 - 7.560X1451 + 5.295X1473. The spectral prediction model of the alfalfa leaf moisture content can provide a basis for decision making for scientific irrigation of alfalfa.
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The expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 in invasive primary breast tumors and axillary lymph node metastases is associated with poor clinical prognosis.
Pathol. Res. Pract.
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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The enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) has been reported as a biomarker for identifying cancer stem cells. Previous studies have shown that ALDH1 expression in primary breast cancers was associated with poor clinical prognosis. In this study, we aimed to determine whether ALDH1 expression in axillary lymph node metastases (ALNM) of breast cancer patients was also associated with poor prognosis. Expression of ALDH1, ER, PgR, HER2 and KI-67 was examined in primary tumors and ALNM of 161 patients with invasive breast cancer. Survival analysis and multivariate analysis were used to determine the relationship between ALDH1 expression and clinical prognosis. Patients with positive ALDH1 expression in primary tumors and in ALNM had significantly shorter relapse-free survival (RFS) times and overall survival (OS) times compared to those whose tissues were ALDH1 negative. ALDH1-positivity in primary tumors was significant both in univariate and multivariate analyses of RFS and OS. ALDH1 expression in ALNM was significant in a univariate analysis of RFS and OS but not in a multivariate analysis of RFS and OS. We conclude that the expression of ALDH1 in primary breast tumors or ALNM may be one potential risk factor for poor, long-term outcomes.
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[Clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance in children with invasive Acinetobacter baumannii infection].
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2013
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To analyze the clinical characteristics and antibiotic resistance in children with invasive Acinetobacter baumannii infection (IABI).
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Menin epigenetically represses Hedgehog signaling in MEN1 tumor syndrome.
Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2013
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Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an inherited tumor syndrome that includes susceptibility to pancreatic islet tumors. This syndrome results from mutations in the MEN1 gene, encoding menin. Although menin acts as an oncogenic cofactor for mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion protein-mediated histone H3 lysine 4 methylation, the precise basis for how menin suppresses gene expression and proliferation of pancreatic beta cells remains poorly understood. Here, we show that menin ablation enhances Hedgehog signaling, a proproliferative and oncogenic pathway, in murine pancreatic islets. Menin directly interacts with protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), a negative regulator of gene transcription. Menin recruits PRMT5 to the promoter of the Gas1 gene, a crucial factor for binding of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) ligand to its receptor PTCH1 and subsequent activation of the Hedgehog signaling pathway, increases repressive histone arginine symmetric dimethylation (H4R3m2s), and suppresses Gas1 expression. Notably, MEN1 disease-related menin mutants have reduced binding to PRMT5, and fail to impart the repressive H4R3m2s mark at the Gas1 promoter, resulting in its elevated expression. Pharmacologic inhibition of Hedgehog signaling significantly reduces proliferation of insulinoma cells, and expression of Hedgehog signaling targets including Ptch1, in MEN1 tumors of mice. These findings uncover a novel link between menin and Hedgehog signaling whereby menin/PRMT5 epigenetically suppresses Hedgehog signaling, revealing it as a target for treating MEN1 tumors.
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Safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab in combination with radiotherapy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-10-2013
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BACKGROUND: We investigated nimotuzumab (h-R3), a humanized monoclonal antibody against epidermal growth factor receptor, when combined with irradiation or chemoradiation for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus. The aim of this study was to evaluate its safety and efficacy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 66 patients with esophageal SCC treated with a combination of h-R3 and radiation or chemoradiation between December 2008 and September 2011 at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. Fifty-two of the 66 patients received h-R3 combined with chemoradiation and 14 received h-R3 plus radiation. The median total irradiation dose was 61 Gy given by conventional fractionation. The h-R3 weekly dosage was 100 mg (6/66), 200 mg (54/66), or 400 mg (6/66) given concurrently during the irradiation period. RESULTS: Patients tolerated the treatment well. Grade 3-4 adverse events and toxicities occurred in 50 % of the patients. h-R3-related toxicities manifested as Grade 1 skin rash in 1 case and Grade 2 infusion-related reaction in 2 cases. The median overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 26.0 months and 16.7 months, respectively. OS, PFS and locoregional control (LC) at 2 years were 54, 37 and 80 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: h-R3 in combination with irradiation or chemoradiation was safe and tolerable, and yielded encouraging OS, PFS and LC.
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MicroRNA-106b induces mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance in C2C12 myotubes by targeting mitofusin-2.
Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2013
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MicroRNA-106b (miR-106b) is reported to correlate closely with skeletal muscle insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to identify an mRNA targeted by miR-106b which regulates skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity. MiR-106b was found to target the 3 untranslated region (3 UTR) of mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) through miR-106b binding sites and to downregulate Mfn2 protein abundance at the post-transcriptional level by luciferase activity assay combined with mutational analysis and immunoblotting. Overexpression of miR-106b resulted in mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance in C2C12 myotubes. MiR-106b was increased in insulin-resistant cultured C2C12 myotubes induced by TNF-?, and accompanied by increasing Mfn2 level, miR-106b loss of function improved mitochondrial function and insulin sensitivity impaired by TNF-? in C2C12 myotubes. In addition, both overexpression and downregulation of miR-106b upregulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator (PGC)-1? and estrogen-related receptor (ERR)-? expression. MiR-106b targeted Mfn2 and regulated skeletal muscle mitochondrial function and insulin sensitivity. Therefor, Inhibition of miR-106b may be a potential new strategy for treating insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
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Myocardial remodeling in diabetic cardiomyopathy associated with cardiac mast cell activation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2013
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Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a specific disease process distinct from coronary artery disease and hypertension. The disease features cardiac remodeling stimulated by hyperglycemia of the left ventricle wall and disrupts contractile functions. Cardiac mast cells may be activated by metabolic byproducts resulted from hyperglycermia and then participate in the remodeling process by releasing a multitude of cytokines and bioactive enzymes. Nedocromil, a pharmacologic stabilizer of mast cells, has been shown to normalize cytokine levels and attenuate cardiac remodeling. In this study, we describe the activation of cardiac mast cells by inducing diabetes in normal mice using streptozotocin (STZ). Next, we treated the diabetic mice with nedocromil for 12 weeks and then examined their hearts for signs of cardiac remodeling and quantified contractile function. We observed significantly impaired heart function in diabetic mice, as well as increased cardiac mast cell density and elevated mast cell secretions that correlated with gene expression and aberrant cytokine levels associated with cardiac remodeling. Nedocromil treatment halted contractile dysfunction in diabetic mice and reduced cardiac mast cell density, which correlated with reduced bioactive enzyme secretions, reduced expression of extracellular matrix remodeling factors and collagen synthesis, and normalized cytokine levels. However, the results showed nedocromil treatments did not return diabetic mice to a normal state. We concluded that manipulation of cardiac mast cell function is sufficient to attenuate cardiomyopathy stimulated by diabetes, but other cellular pathways also contribute to the disease process.
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Photoreversible polymer-surfactant micelles using the molecular recognition of ?-cyclodextrin.
Langmuir
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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Photoreversible micelles were achieved by a combination of commercially available components sodium alginate (Alg), tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide (TTAB), ?-cyclodextrin (?-CD), and 4-(phenylazo)benzoic acid (PBA). Under visible light irradiation, ?-CD interacted more favorably with PBA than with alkyl chains of TTAB. Therefore, polymer-surfactant micelles were formed by the self-assembly of Alg and TTAB through electrostatic attraction. After UV irradiation, micelles were disrupted because PBA in the cis form lost its ability to complex with ?-CD, and then the latter was interacted with TTAB to prevent the association of alkyl chains of TTAB. On alternating irradiation of this quaternary system with UV and visible light, this reversible micellization process can be recycled many times.
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Aging aggravates long-term renal ischemia-reperfusion injury in a rat model.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2013
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Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has been considered as the major cause of acute kidney injury and can result in poor long-term graft function. Functional recovery after IRI is impaired in the elderly. In the present study, we aimed to compare kidney morphology, function, oxidative stress, inflammation, and development of renal fibrosis in young and aged rats after renal IRI.
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Coumarsabin hastens C-type inactivation gating of voltage-gated K? channels.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2013
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During prolonged depolarization, voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels display C-type inactivation, a process which is due to selectivity filter destabilization and serves to limit K(+) flux. Here we reported that coumarsabin, a coumarin derivative isolated from Juniperus Sabina, could hasten C-type inactivation and thus cause block of Kv channels in neuronal NG108-15 cells and Kv1.2 channels heterologously expressed in lung epithelial H1355 cells. In NG108-15 cells, extracellular, but not intracellular, coumarsabin (30 ?M) strongly speeded up Kv current decay and caused a left-shift in the steady-state inactivation curve. Coumarsabin inhibited end-of-pulse Kv currents with an IC50 of 13.4 ?M. The kinetics and voltage-dependence of activation were not affected by coumarsabin. The degree of block by coumarsabin was not enhanced by a reduction in intracellular K(+) concentration. Data reveal that coumarsabin was a closed channel blocker and it displayed a frequency-independent mode of inhibition. Coumarsabin did not accelerate current decay in a Kv1.2 mutant (V370G) defective in C-type inactivation. Taken together, our data suggest that Kv channel inhibition by coumarsabin did not appear to result from a direct obstruction of the outer pore but relied on C-type inactivation.
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A long non-coding RNA, PTCSC3, as a tumor suppressor and a target of miRNAs in thyroid cancer cells.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Papillary thyroid carcinoma susceptibility candidate 3 (PTCSC3) is a newly identified non-coding RNA, which is highly thyroid-specific. Dramatic downregulation in thyroid cancers suggests its potential roles in the occurrence and development of thyroid tumors. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of PTCSC3 on the biological features of thyroid cancer cells and to explore its possible function as a competing endogenous RNA to bind with miRNAs. Constructs containing the long non-coding RNA, PTCSC3, were transfected into various thyroid cancer cell lines (BCPAP, FTC133 and 8505C). Cell growth, cell cycle transition and apoptosis were measured by MTT assay and flow cytometry. In silico analysis was performed to identify the binding site of PTCSC3 for target miRNAs. Additionally, detection of putative miRNA by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in thyroid cancer cells transfected with PTCSC3 was determined to confirm the interaction. Following transfection with PTCSC3, all three thyroid cancer cells originating from various pathological types of thyroid cancers demonstrated significant growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and increased apoptosis. The top 20 miRNAs to have a potential interaction with PTCSC3 were identified, out of which miR-574-5p was selected to further confirm the inverse correlation with PTCSC3 in thyroid cancer cells in vitro. In the present study, PTCSC3 as a tumor suppressor was investigated as a competing endogenous RNA for miR-574-5p.
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(18) FDG PET and PET-CT for the detection of bone metastases in patients with head and neck cancer. A meta-analysis.
J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2013
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We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate (18) FDG PET/PET-CT for the detection of bone metastases in patients with head and neck cancer.
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Superadsorption of LiOH solution on chitosan as a new type of solvent for chitosan by freezing/blasting.
Carbohydr Polym
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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The adsorption behavior and mechanism of chitosan in aqueous LiOH solution was studied systemically. The results showed that the adsorption of chitosan was mainly due to the breakage of its hydrogen bonds, which were destroyed by the reaction of LiOH with the acetyl and the hydroxyl groups of chitosan. Low temperature also played a crucial role in the adsorption of chitosan. The adsorption of chitosan decreased with increased DD. The adsorption ratio of LiOH to chitosan (nLiOH/nCS) increased linearly while the adsorption ratio of water to chitosan (n(H2O)/n(CS)) decreased with the increased DD. All chitosans reached their maximal swelling degree when the concentration of LiOH was 4.8 wt%. Chitosan was stable in LiOH aqueous solution. The LiOH solution may be a potential favorable solvent for chitosan.
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A rhodamine-cyclen conjugate as chromogenic and fluorescent chemosensor for copper ion in aqueous media.
J Fluoresc
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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A novel compound 1 containing rhodamine B and macrocyclic groups has been synthesized. It was found to exhibit a reversible colorimetric response, high selectivity and sensitivity for Cu(II) ion over other commonly coexistent metal ions. The colorimetric and fluorescent response to Cu(II) can be conveniently detected even by the naked eye, which provided a facile method for visual detection of Cu(II). Approximate 71 and 53-fold enhancement in the absorbance at about 557 nm and fluorescence intensity at about 580 nm were estimated when Cu(II) ion was added to the aqueous media of compound 1. The detection limit was calculated to be 2 ?M.
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Polymorphism of A133S and promoter hypermethylation in Ras association domain family 1A gene (RASSF1A) is associated with risk of esophageal and gastric cardia cancers in Chinese population from high incidence area in northern China.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The role of tumor suppressor gene RASSF1A in the esophageal and gastric cardia carcinogenesis is still inconclusive. In this study, the polymorphism, promoter methylation and gene expression of RASSF1A were characterized in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA).
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Circulating miR-214 is associated with the severity of coronary artery disease.
J Geriatr Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To study whether miR-214 is regulated in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and whether placental growth factor (PLGF) is a possible target for miR-214 in atherosclerosis.
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[Study on the copy numbers and mRNA expression levels of the programmed death-1 gene in chronic hepatitis B patients].
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-14-2011
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To study the copy numbers and mRNA expression levels of the Programmed Death-1 gene in chronic hepatitis B patients and to analyze the differences of the copy numbers and mRNA expression levels of the gene in patients with different clinical outcomes.
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Preparation of poly(ethylene glycol)/polylactide hybrid fibrous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.
Int J Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 11-30-2011
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Polylactide (PLA) electrospun fibers have been reported as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering application, however, the great hydrophobicity limits its broad application. In this study, the hybrid amphiphilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/hydrophobic PLA fibrous scaffolds exhibited improved morphology with regular and continuous fibers compared to corresponding blank PLA fiber mats. The prepared PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds favored mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) attachment and proliferation by providing an interconnected porous extracellular environment. Meanwhile, MSCs can penetrate into the fibrous scaffold through the interstitial pores and integrate well with the surrounding fibers, which is very important for favorable application in tissue engineering. More importantly, the electrospun hybrid PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds can enhance MSCs to differentiate into bone-associated cells by comprehensively evaluating the representative markers of the osteogenic procedure with messenger ribonucleic acid quantitation and protein analysis. MSCs on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds presented better differentiation potential with higher messenger ribonucleic acid expression of the earliest osteogenic marker Cbfa-1 and mid-stage osteogenic marker Col I. The significantly higher alkaline phosphatase activity of the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds indicated that these can enhance the differentiation of MSCs into osteoblast-like cells. Furthermore, the higher messenger ribonucleic acid level of the late osteogenic differentiation markers OCN (osteocalcin) and OPN (osteopontin), accompanied by the positive Alizarin red S staining, showed better maturation of osteogenic induction on the PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds at the mineralization stage of differentiation. After transplantation into the thigh muscle pouches of rats, and evaluating the inflammatory cells surrounding the scaffolds and the physiological characteristics of the surrounding tissues, the PEG/PLA scaffolds presented good biocompatibility. Based on the good cellular response and excellent osteogenic potential in vitro, as well as the biocompatibility with the surrounding tissues in vivo, the electrospun PEG/PLA fibrous scaffolds could be one of the most promising candidates in bone tissue engineering.
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[Expression of translationally controlled tumor protein in human breast cancer and its clinical significance].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2011
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To investigate the expression of translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) in human breast cancer tissues and its clinical significances.
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[Tissue distribution of arsenic of liushen pills and realgar].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2011
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This study is to report the tissue distribution of arsenic after giving different doses of realgar and Liushen pills to Beagle dogs, in order to provide basis for the safety evaluation of Liushen pills. ICP-MS was used to measure arsenic concentration, and HPLC-ICP-MS was used to analyze arsenic speciation. The concentration of total arsenic and As(III) + DMA (arsenite + dimethylarsenic acid) increased with dosing of realgar. Total arsenic concentration in most tissues and As(III) + DMA concentration in all tissues of Liushen pills group are lower than that of realgar group, but AsB concentration in liver, spleen and kidney of Liushen pills group increased. The concentration of total arsenic showed a dose-dependent manner with dosage administered. It was indicated that components in Liushen pills can reduce solubility of arsenic in realgar, which may decrease toxicity of realgar.
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Preparation of curcumin loaded poly(?-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(?-caprolactone) nanofibers and their in vitro antitumor activity against Glioma 9L cells.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2011
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The purpose of this work was to develop implantable curcumin-loaded poly(?-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL, PCEC) nanofibers, which might have potential application in cancer therapy. Curcumin was incorporated into biodegradable PCEC nanofibers by electrospinning method. The surface morphology of the composite nanofibers was characterized on Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The average diameter of the nanofibers was 2.3-4.5?m. In vitro release behavior of curcumin from the fiber mats was also studied in detail. The in vitro cytotoxicity assay showed that the PCEC fibers themselves did not affect the growth of rat Glioma 9L cells. Antitumor activity of the curcumin-loaded fibers against the cells was kept over the whole experiment process, while the antitumor activity of pure curcumin disappeared within 48 h. These results strongly suggested that the curcumin/PCEC composite nanofibers might have potential application for postoperative chemotherapy of brain cancers.
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Is involved-field radiotherapy based on CT safe for patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer?
Radiother Oncol
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2011
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To examine the pattern of failures in patients with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) treated with involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT) and chemotherapy, with the aim of investigating the safety of IFRT.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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