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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Serum Heart-Type Fatty Acid-Binding Protein Level Can Be Used to Detect Acute Kidney Injury on Admission and Predict an Adverse Outcome in Patients With Acute Heart Failure.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 11-11-2014
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Background:Different mechanisms of acute kidney injury (AKI) may exist for acute heart failure (AHF) patients compared with other patients.Methods?and?Results:We analyzed data from 282 patients with AHF. The biomarkers were measured within 30 min of admission. Patients were assigned to a no-AKI (n=213) or AKI group (Class R (n=49), Class I (n=15) or Class F (n=5)) using the RIFLE classifications on admission. We evaluated the relationships between the biomarkers and AKI, in-hospital mortality, all-cause death and HF events (HF re-admission, all-cause death) within 90 days. The serum heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (s-HFABP) levels were significantly higher in the AKI than in the no-AKI group, and the predictive biomarker for AKI was s-HFABP (odds ratio: 6.709; 95% confidence interval: 3.362-13.391). s-HFABP demonstrated an optimal balance between sensitivity and specificity (71.0%, 79.3%; area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve [AUC]=0.790) at 22.8 ng/ml for AKI, at 22.8 ng/ml for Class I/F (90.0%, 71.4%; AUC=0.836) and at 21.0 ng/ml for in-hospital mortality (74.3%, 70.0%; AUC=0.726). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed a significantly poorer prognosis in the high s-HFABP group (?22.9 ng/ml) than in other groups.Conclusions:The s-HFABP level can indicate AKI on admission, and a high s-HFABP level is associated with a poorer prognosis for AHF patients.
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Preventable effects of bare-metal stent on restenosis after everolimus-eluting stent deployment.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 04-19-2014
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This case report describes a patient who underwent implantation of a bare-metal stent (BMS) for the treatment of everolimus-eluting stent (EES) restenosis caused by chronic stent recoil, and the BMS successfully escaped from duplicate restenosis and target lesion revascularization (TLR).
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Predicting the occurrence of oxygenation impairment in patients with type-B acute aortic dissection.
Int. J. Angiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2014
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Complicated respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation in patients with type-B acute aortic dissection (AAD) has been previously reported, and inflammatory reactions have been found to be associated with the occurrence of oxygenation impairment (OI). However, the possibility of predicting the occurrence of OI in patients with type-B AAD has not yet been evaluated. This study was performed to investigate the possibility of predicting the occurrence of OI in type-B AAD. In this study, 79 type-B AAD patients were enrolled to investigate the possibility of predicting the occurrence of OI. OI was defined as Po2/Fio2 ??200. Patient characteristics, type of AAD, vital signs on admission, and the presence of inflammatory reactions obtained on admission day were evaluated. OI occurred in 39 patients (49%) on hospital day 2.5?±?1.4 on average. Younger age, male gender, nonslender frame (body mass index ??22 kg/m(2)), a relatively high maximum body temperature on the admission day (??36.5°C), DeBakey IIIb type, patent false lumen, and lower Po2/Fio2 on admission were found to be associated with the occurrence of OI. Multivariate analysis revealed that nonslender frame, relatively high body temperature on the admission day, and lower Po2/Fio2 on admission were reliable for predicting the occurrence of oxygen impairment. The occurrence of OI in type-B AAD can be predicted in the clinical setting.
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Immediate administration of tolvaptan prevents the exacerbation of acute kidney injury and improves the mid-term prognosis of patients with severely decompensated acute heart failure.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2014
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?Tolvaptan, an oral selective vasopressin 2 receptor antagonist that acts on the distal nephrons to cause a loss of electrolyte-free water, is rarely used during the acute phase of acute heart failure (AHF).
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Prevalence and anatomical features of acute longitudinal stent deformation: An intravascular ultrasound study.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2014
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We report the prevalence and anatomical features of longitudinal stent deformation as detected by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) BACKGROUND: Angiographic studies have recently reported longitudinal stent deformation as a mechanical complication occurring during percutaneous coronary intervention; however, there are no IVUS studies on this phenomenon
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Seasonal variation in patients with acute heart failure: prognostic impact of admission in the summer.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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There have been few reports discussing the clinical significance of the season of admission of acute heart failure (AHF) patients. The data of 661 patients with AHF admitted to the intensive care unit were analyzed. Patients were assigned to a summer admission (Group-S, n = 113, between July and September), a winter admission (Group-W, n = 214, between December and February), or to the other seasons admission group (Group-O, n = 334). We evaluated the relationships between the seasonal variations and the clinical profiles, and the long-term prognosis. There were significantly more patients with cardiomyopathy and New York Heart Association class 4, and the serum levels of total bilirubin were significantly higher in Group-S (85.8, 24.8 %, and 0.60 [0.50-0.90]) than in Group-W (75.2, 15.4 %, and 0.60 [0.40-0.78]). The left ventricular ejection fraction on admission was significantly reduced and intravenous administration of dobutamine was used more frequently in Group-S (30.0 [25.0-46.0], 31.9 %) than in Group-W (34.4 [25.2-48.0], 20.6 %) and Group-O (35.0 [25.0-46.0], 19.8 %). The multivariate Cox regression model found that summer admission was independently associated with cardiovascular death (HR: 1.58, 95 % CI 1.01-2.48; p = 0.044) and heart failure (HF) events (HR: 1.55, 95 % CI 1.05-2.28; p = 0.028). The Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the cardiovascular death rate was significantly higher in Group-S than in Group-W and Group-O, and the HF events were significantly higher in Group-S than in Group-O. The summer admission AHF patients included sicker patients, and the prognosis in these patients was worse than in the patients admitted at other times.
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Efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia for neurological salvage in patients with cardiogenic sudden cardiac arrest: the importance of prehospital return of spontaneous circulation.
J Nippon Med Sch
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2013
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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation and mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) have improved neurological outcomes after sudden cardiac arrest, but the factors affecting favorable neurological outcome remain unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify these factors in patients in cardiac arrest treated with MTH.
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Usefulness of a surface cooling device (Arctic Sun(®)) for therapeutic hypothermia following cardiac arrest.
J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 04-25-2013
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Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have improved the neurological outcomes of patients who have suffered sudden cardiac arrest; however, the benefits of and differences between cooling devices remain unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the significance of the Arctic Sun(®) for surface cooling in patients treated with TH.
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Bypass to the left coronary artery system may accelerate left main coronary artery negative remodeling and calcification.
Clin Res Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 04-21-2013
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This study aimed to use intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) data to reveal the mechanism of lesion progression in the native coronary circulation proximal to bypass grafts after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).
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Soluble lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (sLOX-1) as a valuable diagnostic marker for rupture of thin-cap fibroatheroma: verification by optical coherence tomography.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2013
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Relationships between plaque morphology on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and biomarker levels in the patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have not been fully investigated.
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Oligodeoxynucleotides expressing polyguanosine motifs promote antitumor activity through the upregulation of IL-2.
J. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2013
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The primary goal of cancer immunotherapy is to elicit an immune response capable of eliminating the tumor. One approach toward accomplishing that goal uses general (rather than tumor-specific) immunomodulatory agents to boost the number and activity of pre-existing CTLs. We find that the intratumoral injection of polyguanosine (poly-G) oligonucleotides (ODN) has such an effect, boosting antitumor immunity and promoting tumor regression. The antitumor activity of poly-G ODN was mediated through CD8 T cells in a TLR9-independent manner. Mechanistically, poly-G ODN directly induced the phosphorylation of Lck (an essential element of the T cell-signaling pathway), thereby enhancing the production of IL-2 and CD8 T cell proliferation. These findings establish poly-G ODN as a novel type of cancer immunotherapy.
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Matrix metalloproteinase-9 for the earliest stage acute coronary syndrome.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2011
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Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is regarded as a biomarker of plaque rupture or vulnerability and is elevated in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of MMP-9 for early ACS (?4h of onset) and late ACS (>4h after onset), compared with high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT).
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Soluble lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 and high-sensitivity troponin T as diagnostic biomarkers for acute coronary syndrome. Improved values with combination usage in emergency rooms.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2011
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Although highly sensitive assays for troponin T (hs-TnT) have been developed, the sensitivity and specificity of hs-TnT for diagnosing acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains imperfect. We evaluated the diagnostic value of a new biomarker of plaque vulnerability (soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1, sLOX-1) as compared with hs-TnT in the emergency room (ER).
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Severity of cardiovascular disease patients transported by air ambulance.
Air Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2011
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Although helicopters have been used in an air ambulance system for the past decade in Japan, the appropriate selection of patients for this transport mode has not been investigated. The present study investigates which patients could potentially benefit the most from helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS).
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Soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 as an early biomarker for ST elevation myocardial infarction: time-dependent comparison with other biomarkers: time-dependent comparison with other biomarkers.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2011
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The diagnostic sensitivity of myocardial necrosis markers, such as creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), cardiac troponins, myoglobin and heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) for the earliest stage of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), remains insufficient. We compared a new biomarker of plaque vulnerability (soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1, sLOX-1) with other biomarkers at the earliest stage of STEMI.
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The possibility of delayed arterial healing 5 years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents: serial observations by coronary angioscopy.
Am. Heart J.
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2011
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Although very late stent thrombosis occurs several years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), the morphologic changes of the stent beyond 2 years have not yet been systematically studied in living patients. The late vascular response to SES was therefore evaluated by serial angioscopic studies at 2 and 5 years after stent implantation.
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Clinical significance of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in patients with acute heart failure.
Int Heart J
PUBLISHED: 12-22-2010
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The serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) increase during chronic heart failure (HF) and the MMP-2 are related to a poor prognosis. However, the roles of MMP-2 in acute HF (AHF) remain unclear. We investigated the change and clinical significance of MMP-2 in these conditions. The serum levels of MMP-2 were measured in 83 AHF patients before starting treatment (day 1), 3 (day 3) and 7 (day 7) days after admission, and before discharge (predischarge). MMP-2 decreased rapidly and significantly from day 3 to day 1 (902.9 ± 304.2 versus 1220.4 ± 330.5 ng/mL; P < 0.0001), whereas that of MMP-2 was not significantly different on day 7 and at predischarge (894.7 ± 278.9 and 920.0 ± 269.6 ng/mL, respectively) compared to day 3. We evaluated the relationships between ?MMPs, defined as the changes in MMPs from day 1 to day 3 and HF events including cardiac death, readmission to hospital for HF, and uncontrollable HF. The MMP-2 value was significantly (P = 0.004) more decreased in the event-free group (381.4 ± 256.5 ng/mL) than in the event group (211.9 ± 225.5 ng/mL) between day 1 and day 3. The results of the multivariate logistic regression model for predicting HF events found that the specific factor for HF events was ?MMP-2. Cutoff values of ?MMP-2 were determined and event-free curves were constructed. Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the prognosis was significantly better among the patients with reductions in ?MMP-2 values of more than 342 ng/mL. The serum levels of MMP-2 decreased with improvements in AHF. Rapid decreases in MMP-2 may be important for a better clinical outcome in patients with AHF.
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Late vascular responses from 2 to 4 years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents: serial observations by intracoronary optical coherence tomography.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2010
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Late vascular responses after implantation of drug-eluting stents may play a key role in steadily increasing occurrence of very late stent thrombosis have not yet been fully investigated in human beings.
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Predicting the success of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in emergency room for patients with acute heart failure.
J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2010
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Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) for acute heart failure (AHF) is increasingly used to avoid endotracheal intubation (ETI). We therefore reviewed our experience using respirator management in the emergency room for AHF, and evaluated the predictive factors in the success of NPPV in the emergency room.
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Optical coherence tomography findings in a case of acute coronary syndrome caused by coronary vasospasm.
Int Heart J
PUBLISHED: 08-19-2010
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Culprit lesions of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) were observed by intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT images revealed diffuse intimal thickening, reduced lumen area with vascular contraction, and thrombus formation. No OCT images of atherosclerotic plaque disruption were found. Vascular contraction disappeared and the lumen was dilated after intracoronary injection of nitroglycerin. The main mechanism of ACS in this case was therefore considered to be coronary vasospasm. OCT may be useful for evaluating the mechanism of ACS.
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Efficacy and safety of nicorandil therapy in patients with acute heart failure.
J Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2010
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Nicorandil is a vasodilator that both opens potassium channels and has nitrate effects. The administration of nitrate is the gold standard for the treatment of acute heart failure (AHF). However, there have been few reports regarding the usefulness of nicorandil for the treatment of AHF. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of intravenous administration of nicorandil in patients with AHF.
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Flow patterns and velocity distributions in the human vertebrobasilar arterial system. Laboratory investigation.
J. Neurosurg.
PUBLISHED: 02-09-2010
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The authors conducted a study to elucidate the relationship between the flow patterns and the formation of aneurysms at the bifurcation of the basilar artery (BA).
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High frequency of ?-lactamase-negative, ampicillin-resistant strains of Haemophilus influenzae in patients with chronic bronchitis in Japan.
J. Infect. Chemother.
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2010
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In Japan, the increasing incidence of ?-lactum-resistant Haemophilus influenzae infections is of growing concern. We retrospectively studied whether the prevalence of ?-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant strains of H. influenzae was influenced by chronic lung diseases. H. influenzae isolates, obtained from patients who were diagnosed with acute or chronic bronchitis, or acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis in 2005, were studied. In addition to susceptibility testing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed for the detection of TEM-1 ?-lactamase, and Asn526-Lys and Ser385-Thr amino acid substitutions in the ftsI gene encoding penicillin-binding protein-3 (PBP-3). The minimum inhibitory concentration values of ?-lactams were found to be increased in isolates from patients with chronic bronchitis who had been repeatedly administered antibiotics. Genetic analysis using PCR suggested that this might be associated with a high frequency of ?-lactamase-negative strains with mutations in PBP-3. The presence of ?-lactum-resistant strains needs to be considered for patients with chronic bronchitis in whom H. influenzae is isolated as a causative pathogen.
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Armadillo Repeat Containing 8alpha Binds to HRS and Promotes HRS Interaction with Ubiquitinated Proteins.
Open Biochem J
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2010
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Recently, we reported that a complex with an essential role in the degradation of Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase in yeast is well conserved in mammalian cells; we named this mammalian complex C-terminal to the Lissencephaly type-1-like homology (CTLH) complex. Although the function of the CTLH complex remains unclear, here we used yeast two-hybrid screening to isolate Hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (HRS) as a protein binding to a key component of CTLH complex, Armadillo repeat containing 8 (ARMc8) alpha. The association was confirmed by a yeast two-hybrid assay and a co-immunoprecipitation assay. The proline-rich domain of HRS was essential for the association. As demonstrated through immunofluorescence microscopy, ARMc8alpha co-localized with HRS. ARMc8alpha promoted the interaction of HRS with various ubiquitinated proteins through the ubiquitin-interacting motif. These findings suggest that HRS mediates protein endosomal trafficking partly through its interaction with ARMc8alpha.
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Impact of small thrombus formation in restenotic bare-metal stent lesions associated with acute coronary syndrome: identification by optical coherence tomography.
Int. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2010
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Although in-stent restenosis (ISR) after bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation is considered to be clinically benign, ISR is often associated with adverse complications, such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The frequency, type, and location of thrombi in ISR lesions and their clinical presentation have not yet been precisely validated.
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A case of myocardial infarction caused by coronary vasospasm: efficacy of soluble lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 for distinguishing between vasospasm and plaque rupture.
J Nippon Med Sch
PUBLISHED: 11-17-2009
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This case illustrates the benefits of using plasma levels of soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (sLOX-1) to distinguish between myocardial injuries caused by coronary vasospasm or coronary plaque rupture. A 62-year-old woman with a history of dyslipidemia was admitted due to chest pain of 1 hours duration. Electrocardiography demonstrated mild ST segment elevation in leads V1-6, and blood chemistry studies on admission showed a slight increase in the serum level of troponin T; therefore, acute myocardial infarction was diagnosed. However, the plasma level of sLOX-1, a marker of plaque rupture, did not increase during hospitalization. Coronary angiography demonstrated normal coronary arteries, and intracoronary acetylcholine infusion provoked coronary artery vasospasm. We could therefore diagnose myocardial injury caused by coronary vasospasm. We propose that the cause of myocardial injury cannot be predicted with electrocardiography and measurement of troponin T but can be clarified by measuring plasma levels of sLOX-1 in the early stage of acute coronary syndrome.
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[The preventive effect of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine against drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumonia in patients with chronic respiratory disease].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2009
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To elucidate the preventive effect of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PV) on drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae.
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Protective effect of adeno-mediated human Bcl-xL gene transfer to the mouse liver in a partial ischemia/reperfusion model.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2009
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The protective effect of heat preconditioning has been ascribed to the induction of heat shock proteins (HSP) in the liver. We detected an increase in Bcl-xL expression prior to HSP 70 expression in the rat liver after heat preconditioning. The net effect of overexpression of human Bcl-xL with a recombinant adenovector was estimated in a partial ischemia/reperfusion model of the mouse liver.
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Glypican-3 expression is correlated with poor prognosis in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Cancer Sci.
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2009
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The relationship between overexpression of glypican (GPC)-3 that is specific for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the prognosis has not yet been clarified. We attempted to determine the expression profile of GPC3 in association with the clinicopathological factors by immunohistochemical analysis in HCC patients and investigated the potential prognostic value of GPC3 by comparing the survival rate between the GPC3-positive and GPC3-negative HCC patients. Primary HCC tissue samples (n = 107) obtained from patients who had undergone hepatectomy between 2000 and 2001 were analyzed. GPC3 expression was less frequently observed in well-differentiated HCC than in moderately and poorly differentiated HCC, the difference in the frequency being statistically significant. GPC3-positive HCC patients had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate than the GPC3-negative HCC patients (54.5 vs 87.7%, P = 0.031). Among 80 of the 107 (74.6%) patients with initial treatment who underwent hepatectomy, none of GPC3-negative HCC patients (n = 16, 20.0%) died during the follow-up period. No deaths were noted in the GPC3-negative HCC patients among the 71 (88.7%) patients with moderately and poorly differentiated HCC. Multivariate analysis identified GPC3 expression (P = 0.034) as an independent prognostic factor for the overall survival. We showed that GPC3 expression is correlated with a poor prognosis in HCC patients.
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A case of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy during 5-fluorouracil treatment for rectal adenocarcinoma.
J Nippon Med Sch
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2009
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A case of acute heart failure due to Takotsubo cardiomyopathy induced by 5-fluorouracil is described. Acute heart failure developed during the administration of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and levofolinate calcium in a 62-year-old woman who had underwent a Miles operation for rectal adenocarcinoma. Electrocardiography upon admission showed slight ST elevation in leads V1-3, and follow-up electrocardiography on the third hospital day evealed QT interval prolongation and giant negative T waves in leads II, III, aVF, and V1-6. Echocardiography and myocardial scintigraphy showed left ventricular apical ballooning in the acute phase of heart failure, but left ventricular contraction was normal during the recovery phase. Coronary angiography demonstrated normal coronary arteries, and multi-vessel coronary artery vasospasms including microcirculation disorders could be provoked by intracoronary acetylcholine infusion during, but not before, the intravenous administration of levofolinate calcium and 5-FU. The cause of heart failure in this patient, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy induced by multivessel coronary vasospasm including microcirculation disorders only during 5-FU administration, is notable.
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[A case of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia complicated with primary Sjögrens syndrome followed by chest CT scanning for thirteen years].
Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 03-06-2009
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We encountered a rare case of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia (LIP) complicated with primary Sjögrens syndrome (SjS), followed by chest CT scanning for a long period of time. A 54-year-old man with hemoptysis was admitted to our hospital in December, 2001. A diagnosis of SjS was made based on elevation of anti-SS-B/La antibody titer in serum in combination with diagnosis of keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia on a Schirmer test and a lip biopsy, respectively. Subsequent histopathological diagnosis by open lung biopsy showed LIP. Chest CT in September, 1995 at previous hospital revealed ground-glassed opacity (GGO), small nodules, thickened bronchovascular bundles and cyst formation in lungs. Chest CT was performed every year until 2008, when remarkable progression from thickened bronchovascular bundles accompanied by nodular opacities to an air-space consolidation in the right lower lobe was observed. Also, appearance of cyst formation in the right middle lobe, nodular lesions and GGO in the left lower lobe were noticed. Although the nodular opacities and GGO improved after an administration of corticosteroid (PSL 0.5 mg/kg/day), little improvement in the consolidations and cyst formation was demonstrated. In conclusion, it was suggested that differences among CT findings of LIP may be important for evaluating of efficacy of treatment by steroid agents for LIP associated with SjS.
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Glypican-3 is a useful diagnostic marker for a component of hepatocellular carcinoma in human liver cancer.
Int. J. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2009
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Primary liver cancers are classified into three types based on their morphology and cytogenetic characteristics hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma (CHC). It is often difficult to distinguish these liver tumors. Glypican-3 (GPC3) is serological and histochemical marker of hepatocellular carcinoma. In order to separate these three types of liver cancers, we analyzed the GPC3 expression in 85 liver resection specimens, including 46 HCCs, 28 ICCs and 11 CHCs. GPC3 immunohistochemical staining was used to distinguish HCC from ICC by comparing with the conventional biomarker, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). The immunostaining of GPC3 was identified in 78.3% (36/46) of HCCs, 60% (9/15) of well differentiated, 88.9% (16/18) of moderately differentiated and 84.6% (11/13) of poorly differentiated HCCs. It was negative in the ICCs. We confirmed that GPC3 expression is specific to HCC component (8/11, 72.7%) but few samples also showed weakly in ICC component (2/11, 18.2%) of CHC sections among 11 cases compared with HCC biomarkers including AFP and hepatocyto paraffin 1 (HepPar1), and ICC biomarkers cytokeratin (CK) 7 and CK19. Three cases in which the macroscopic features resembled ICC did not express GPC3 even in the pathological HCC component. Most (10/11, 91%) of the pathological cholangiocarcinoma components in CHC showed positive staining for CK7 and CK19. The results of this study suggest that GPC3 is a biomarker that is sensitive and specific to HCC component of CHC, and CK7 and CK19 are markers for pathological cholangiocarcinoma component of CHC.
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Oncolytic gene therapy combined with double suicide genes for human bile duct cancer in nude mouse models.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2009
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The prognosis of bile duct cancer is quite poor because of the low resection rate and the tolerance of the cancer to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We investigated the feasibility of an oncolytic adenovector with two suicide genes for the treatment of bile duct cancer.
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Long-term remission achieved via combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy in a non-resectable granulocyte colony-stimulating factor producing pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung.
Intern. Med.
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The prognosis is poor for patients with advanced pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung due to the generally limited response to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. It has been suggested the production of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) by cancer cells may aggravate the disease progression. We herein report a case of a 73-year-old Japanese man with advanced G-CSF-producing pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung. First-line chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel had been suspended. Subsequent radiotherapy achieved a moderate volume reduction and an amelioration of the excessive G-CSF-related complications. Six cycles of second-line chemotherapy with docetaxel administered with good results. These combined treatments resulted in long term survival without progression of the disease.
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Impact of prediabetic status on coronary atherosclerosis: a multivessel angioscopic study.
Diabetes Care
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To determine if prediabetes is associated with atherosclerosis of coronary arteries, we evaluated the degree of coronary atherosclerosis in nondiabetic, prediabetic, and diabetic patients by using coronary angioscopy to identify plaque vulnerability based on yellow color intensity.
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Prognostic impact of acute kidney injury in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
Circ. J.
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The relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) in the acute phase of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and patient outcome has not yet been reported.
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Characteristics of patients with cardiac arrest caused by coronary vasospasm.
Circ. J.
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Although coronary vasospasm (CVS) would be one of the major causes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), the characteristics of patients with cardiac arrest caused by CVS have not been clarified.
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Long-term prognostic impact after acute kidney injury in patients with acute heart failure.
Int Heart J
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The relationship between the short-term prognosis of acute heart failure (AHF) and acute kidney injury (AKI) using the risk, injury, failure, and end stage (RIFLE) criteria has already been reported, however, the relationship between the long-term prognosis and AKI has not. We investigated the relationship between the long-term prognosis after discharge and AKI using the RIFLE criteria. Five hundred patients with AHF admitted to our intensive care unit were analyzed. Patients were assigned to a no AKI (n = 156), Class R (risk; n = 201), Class I (injury; n = 73), or Class F (failure; n = 70) using the most severe RIFLE classifications during hospitalization. We evaluated the relationships between the RIFLE classifications and any-cause death, and HF events including death and readmission for HF within 1 year. A multivariate logistic regression model found that Class I (P = 0.013, OR: 2.768; 95% CI: 1.236-6.199) and Class F (P < 0.001, OR: 7.920; 95% CI: 3.497-17.938) were independently associated with any-cause death, and Class F was associated with HF events (P = 0.001, OR: 3.486; 95% CI: 1.669-7.281). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed the prognosis, including death, to be significantly poorer in Class I than in no AKI and Class R, to be significantly poorer in Class F than in no AKI, Class R, and Class I, and the prognosis including HF events to be significantly poorer in Class F than in no AKI, Class R, and Class I. The presence of severe AKI (Class I and F) was independently associated with long-term mortality for AHF.
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Clinical significance of acid-base balance in an emergency setting in patients with acute heart failure.
J Cardiol
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The role of an arterial blood gas analysis in acute heart failure (AHF) remains unclear. The acid-base balance could help to treat AHF, and it might help to distinguish different types of AHF, while it might be associated with the AHF prognosis. The present study was conducted to determine the relationship between the arterial blood gas sample at the time of hospital admission and clinical findings on admission, outcomes.
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Malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein is a useful marker to identify patients with vulnerable plaque.
Circ. J.
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The association between elevated malondialdehyde-modified low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and plaque instability in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is suspected but not established. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the association between serum MDA-LDL and plaque characteristics on angioscopy.
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Immediate administration of atorvastatin decreased the serum MMP-2 level and improved the prognosis for acute heart failure.
J Cardiol
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We have reported that matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) increased in acute heart failure (AHF) and better prognosis was found in patients with greater reduction in MMP-2. We assessed whether a statin decreased MMP-2 in AHF.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.