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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Oral administration of Lactobacillus fermentum I5007 favors intestinal development and alters the intestinal microbiota in formula-fed piglets.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of early administration of Lactobacillus fermentum I5007 on intestinal development and microbial composition in the gastrointestinal tract using a neonatal piglet model. Full-term 4 day old piglets, fed with milk replacer, were divided into a control group (given placebo of 0.1% peptone water) and a L. fermentum I5007 group (dosed daily with 6 × 10(9) CFU/mL L. fermentum I5007). The experiment lasted 14 days. On day 14, a significant increase in the jejunum villous height (583 ± 33 vs 526 ± 18) and increases in the concentrations of butyrate (7.55 ± 0.55 vs 5.33 ± 0.39) and branched chain fatty acids in the colonic digesta were observed in piglets in the L. fermentum I5007 treatment (P < 0.05). mRNA expression of IL-1? (1.29 ± 0.29 vs. 0.62 ± 0.07) in the ileum were lower after 14 days of treatment with L. fermentum I5007. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) revealed that L. fermentum I5007 affected the colonic microbial communities on day 14 and, in particular, reduced numbers of Clostridium sp. L. fermentum I5007 play a positive role in gut development in neonatal piglets by modulating microbial composition, intestinal development, and immune status. L. fermentum I5007 may be useful as a probiotic for application in neonatal piglets.
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CREBL2, interacting with CREB, induces adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
Biochem. J.
PUBLISHED: 07-07-2011
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The factors that influence preadipocyte determination remain poorly understood. In the present paper, we report that CREBL2 [CREB (cAMP-response-element-binding protein)-like 2], a novel bZIP_1 protein, is up-regulated during MDI-induced preadipocyte differentiation. During both overexpression and under physiological conditions, CREBL2 interacted and was entirely co-localized with CREB. Overexpression of CREBL2 was sufficient to promote adipogenesis via up-regulating the expression of PPAR? (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor ?) and C/EBP? (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ?) and accelerate lipogenesis accompanied with increased GLUT (glucose transporter) 1 and GLUT4. CREBL2 knockdown restrained adipogenic conversion and lipogenesis. Additionally, depletion of CREB could completely block the effects of overexpressed CREBL2, whereas an increase in CREB could not drive adipogenesis in the absence of CREBL2, indicating that the roles for CREBL2 on adipogenesis were CREB-dependent. Furthermore, siCREBL2 [siRNA (short interfering RNA) against CREBL2] could down-regulate CREB transcriptional activity and suppress CREB phosphorylation. CREB knockdown decreased the CREBL2 protein levels and vice versa. Collectively, the results of the present study indicate that CREBL2 plays a critical role in adipogenesis and lipogenesis via interaction with CREB.
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Effects of dietary ratio of n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on immunoglobulins, cytokines, fatty acid composition, and performance of lactating sows and suckling piglets.
J Anim Sci Biotechnol
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This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary ratios of n-6:n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the performance of lactating sows and their piglets. Thirty pregnant Landrace sows were assigned to one of three treatments from d 108 of gestation until weaning (26-29 d) and were fed diets containing different ratios of n-6:n-3 PUFA including 3:1, 9:1 and 13:1. The effects on sow and litter production traits were examined together with an assessment of sow body condition. No differences were detected among the treatments for the daily feed intake of sows or changes in sow weight and back-fat levels during lactation (P?>?0.05). Litter size at d 14 and d 21 were tended to increase in 3:1 treatment compared with 9:1 and 13:1 treatments (P??0.05). A great significant difference for IgG concentration was observed among 3 group in colostrum. A great significant difference for IgA, and IgM (P?
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.