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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Dynamism of the mitral annulus: a spatial and temporal analysis.
J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2014
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In this study, the authors sought to investigate the extent and timing of changes in mitral annular area during the cardiac cycle. Particularly, the authors assessed whether these changes were limited to the posterior part of the annulus or were more global in nature.
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Novel, multimodal approach for basic transesophageal echocardiographic teaching.
J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2014
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Web and simulation technology may help in creating a transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) curriculum. The authors discuss the educational principles applied to developing and implementing a multimodal TEE curriculum.
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A novel technique for hybrid aortic arch reconstruction: the deployment cuff technique.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2014
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Extensive thoracic aortic aneurysmal disease involving the arch and descending aorta has been a difficult problem. The "frozen elephant trunk" single-stage procedure combining open arch repair under circulatory arrest with a deployment of a stented thoracic endograft has shown good results in recent reports, but it can be technically challenging to deploy the endovascular device in the exact location. In patients with aortic dissection, back bleeding through the false lumen necessitates obliteration of the false lumen proximally. We describe a technique that allows for precise deployment and obliteration of false lumen flow at the proximal end of the stent graft.
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Simulator-based transesophageal echocardiographic training with motion analysis: a curriculum-based approach.
Anesthesiology
PUBLISHED: 03-27-2014
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Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a complex endeavor involving both motor and cognitive skills. Current training requires extended time in the clinical setting. Application of an integrated approach for TEE training including simulation could facilitate acquisition of skills and knowledge.
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Valve-sparing repair of aortic root aneurysms: an update on the Florida sleeve.
Heart Surg Forum
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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Aortic valve-sparing reimplantation remains an effective technique for repair of aortic root aneurysms. Studies indicate that the Florida Sleeve procedure is dimensionally stable and durable in the early postoperative period; however, our technique has evolved. We describe a 10-year institutional experience and the technical update of the Florida Sleeve repair for root aneurysms.
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Pathology-specific secondary aortic interventions after thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-28-2014
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Despite improved short-term outcomes, concerns remain regarding durability of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The purpose of this analysis was to evaluate the pathology-specific incidence of secondary aortic interventions (SAI) after TEVAR and their impact on survival.
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Safe sternal reentry in patients with large thoracic aortic pseudoaneurysms.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2014
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Sternal reentry for ascending aorta pseudoaneurysm repair presents a formidable challenge because of the risk of aneurysm rupture and hemorrhage. We describe two cases of large pseudoaneurysms at high risk for rupture during sternal reentry in which the chest was safely entered by use of an anterior sternal retraction technique. Several other methods for sternal reentry have been reported; however, the reliability and efficiency of the described technique make it the preferred method for sternal reentry for pseudoaneurysms at our institution.
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Increased glycemic variability in patients with elevated preoperative HbA1C predicts adverse outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.
Anesth. Analg.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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In the setting of protocolized glycemic control, the relationship between postoperative glycemic variability on major adverse events (MAEs) after cardiac surgery is unknown for patients with increased preoperative hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C >6.5%). In this study, we sought to establish (a) whether postoperative glycemic variability is associated with MAEs after CABG surgery and (b) whether preoperative HbA1C could identify patients at increased risk of postoperative glycemic variability.
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Endovascular repair of a right-sided aortic arch aneurysm and tracheal injury.
J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
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Implications of an aortic arch endoprosthesis on tracheal anatomy are underrecognized, especially given their close anatomic relationship. We present a unique case of an elderly woman who suffered an iatrogenic tracheal injury due to both an aberrant aortic arch anatomy and a thoracic endoprosthesis.
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Close antiplatelet therapy monitoring and adjustment based upon thrombelastography may reduce late-onset bleeding in HeartMate II ecipients.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2014
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Bleeding is the most common complication of HeartMate II and is partially attributable to platelet dysfunction; however, antiplatelet therapy is arbitrary in most centres. We investigated how antiplatelet therapy adjustment with thrombelastography affects late-onset bleeding.
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In-vivo analysis of selectively flexible mitral annuloplasty rings using three-dimensional echocardiography.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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Selectively flexible rings, Colvin-Galloway (CG) Future and Carpentier-Edwards (CE) Physio II, are used for annuloplasty during mitral valve repair to facilitate dynamic annular motion while preventing annular dilation. In this study, we assessed the extent and nature of the flexibility of these rings in vivo, which has not been objectively demonstrated.
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Treatment of acute visceral aortic pathology with fenestrated/branched endovascular repair in high-surgical-risk patients.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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The safety and feasibility of fenestrated/branched endovascular repair of acute visceral aortic disease in high-risk patients is unknown. The purpose of this report is to describe our experience with surgeon-modified endovascular aneurysm repair (sm-EVAR) for the urgent or emergent treatment of pathology involving the branched segment of the aorta in patients deemed to have prohibitively high medical and/or anatomic risk for open repair.
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Local infiltration of neuropeptide Y as a potential therapeutic agent against apoptosis and fibrosis in a swine model of hypercholesterolemia and chronic myocardial ischemia.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2013
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While the angiogenic effects of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) in myocardial ischemia and hypercholesterolemia have been studied, its effects on altering oxidative stress, fibrosis and cell death are not known. We hypothesized that local infiltration of NPY in a swine model of chronic myocardial ischemia and hypercholesterolemia will induce nerve growth and cell survival, while reducing oxidative stress and fibrosis. Yorkshire mini-swine (n=15) were fed a high cholesterol diet for 5 weeks. Three weeks after surgical induction of focal myocardial ischemia, an osmotic pump was implanted, which delivered NPY (n=8, high cholesterol treated, HCT) or the vehicle (n=7, high cholesterol control, HCC) for 5 weeks. Then myocardium was harvested for analysis. Assessment of myocardial function and perfusion was made the last intervention. Immunoblotting demonstrated significantly decreased levels of MMP-9 (p=0.001) and TGF-? (p=0.05) and significantly increased levels of Ang-1 (p=0.002), MnSOD (p=0.006) and NGF (p=0.01) in HCT. Immunohistochemistry results revealed significantly decreased TUNEL staining (p=0.005) and GLUT4 translocation (p=0.004) in HCT. The functional data showed significantly improved blood flow reserve (p=0.02) and improved diastolic function -dP/dt (p=0.009) in the treated animals. Local infiltration of NPY results in positive remodeling in ischemic myocardium in the setting of hypercholesterolemia. By initiating angio and neurogenesis, NPY infiltration improves blood flow reserve and restoration of fatty acid metabolism. The associated increased cell survival and decreased fibrosis result in improved myocardial diastolic function. NPY may have a potential therapeutic role in patients with hypercholesterolemia associated coronary artery disease.
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Impact of aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis on dynamic mitral annular motion and geometry.
Am. J. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2013
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The impact of aortic valve replacement (AVR) on the dynamic geometry and motion of the mitral annulus remains unknown. We analyzed the effects of AVR on the dynamic geometry and motion of the mitral annulus. We used 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography to analyze 39 consecutive patients undergoing elective surgical AVR for aortic stenosis. Intraoperative 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was performed immediately before and after AVR. Volumetric data sets were analyzed using a software package capable of dynamically tracking the mitral annulus and leaflets during the entire systolic ejection phase. After AVR, there were significant decreases (p <0.01) in annular dimensions such as anteroposterior (3.5 ± 0.1 vs 3.2 ± 0.1 cm), anterolateral-posteromedial (3.7 ± 0.1 vs 3.5 ± 0.1 cm), and commissural diameters (3.7 ± 0.1 vs 3.3 ± 0.1 cm), as well as annular circumference (12.0 ± 0.30 vs 11.1 ± 0.2 cm) and 3-dimensional mitral annular area (mean 10.9 ± 0.6 vs 9.3 ± 0.3 cm(3)). Vertical mitral annular displacement was also reduced (6.2 ± 3.1 vs 4.3 ± 2.2 mm). Mitral annular nonplanarity angle (154 ± 1.5° vs 161 ± 1.6°) and aorto-mitral angle (133 ± 3.3° vs 142 ± 2.0°) were both increased after AVR, suggesting reduced nonplanar shape of the mitral annulus and reduced aorto-mitral flexion. In conclusion, these data demonstrate that mitral annular size is reduced immediately after AVR and that the dynamic motion of the mitral annulus is restricted. These findings may have important clinical implications for patients undergoing AVR with concurrent mitral regurgitation.
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Efficacy of thoracic endovascular stent repair for chronic type B aortic dissection with aneurysmal degeneration.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2013
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The Food and Drug Administration has approved devices for endovascular management of thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR); however, limited data exist describing the outcomes of TEVAR for aneurysms attributable to chronic type B aortic dissection (cTBAD). This study was undertaken to determine the results of endovascular treatment of cTBAD with aneurysmal degeneration.
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Impact of three-dimensional echocardiography on classification of the severity of aortic stenosis.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2013
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Owing to its elliptical shape, the left ventricle outflow tract (LVOT) area is underestimated by two-dimensional (2D) diameter-based calculations which assume a circular shape. This results in overestimation of aortic stenosis (AS) by the continuity equation. In cases of moderate to severe AS, this overestimation can affect intraoperative clinical decision making (expectant management versus replacement). The purpose of this intraoperative study was to compare the aortic valve area calculated by 2D diameter based and three-dimensional (3D) derived LVOT area via transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and its impact on severity of AS.
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Fate of patients with spinal cord ischemia complicating thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2013
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Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a potentially devastating complication of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) that can result in varying degrees of short-term and permanent disability. This study was undertaken to describe the clinical outcomes, long-term functional impact, and influence on survival of SCI after TEVAR.
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Monitoring the variation in myocardial function with the Doppler-derived myocardial performance index during aortic cross-clamping.
J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2011
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To investigate the effects of acute elevation in afterload on global (systolic and diastolic) myocardial function by performing serial intraoperative transesophageal echocardiograms during and after cross-clamp application on patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery.
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Preoperative pulse pressure and major perioperative adverse cardiovascular outcomes after lower extremity vascular bypass surgery.
Anesth. Analg.
PUBLISHED: 08-04-2011
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Preoperative increased pulse pressure (PP) has been found to be a predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In this study, we evaluated the predictive ability of increased preoperative PP to identify MACEs in patients with peripheral vascular disease undergoing lower extremity vascular bypass surgery.
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Midterm cost and effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair versus open repair.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2011
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Thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) has been rapidly introduced as a primary treatment modality for thoracic aortic diseases with limited data available on midterm to late-term outcomes.
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Late outcomes of a single-center experience of 400 consecutive thoracic endovascular aortic repairs.
Circulation
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2011
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In this study, we report the late outcomes of a large, decade-long single-center thoracic endovascular aortic repair experience.
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Chronic type II diabetes mellitus leads to changes in neuropeptide Y receptor expression and distribution in human myocardial tissue.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-17-2011
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Neuropeptide Y is one of the most abundant neurotransmitters in the myocardium, and is known to influence cardiovascular remodeling. We hypothesized that diabetic neuropathy could possibly be associated with altered neuropeptide Y and its receptor expression levels in myocardium and plasma. Plasma neuropeptide Y levels in diabetic (n=24, HgbA1c 7.9 ± 1.1%) and non-diabetic (n=27, HgbA1c 5.8 ± 0.5%) patients undergoing cardiac surgery utilizing cardiopulmonary bypass were analyzed. Right atrial tissue of these patients was used to determine the expression of neuropeptide Y, the receptors 1-5, and leptin by immunoblotting, real-time PCR and immunofluorescence. Apoptosis signaling and endostatin and angiostatin were measured to determine the effects of leptin. Plasma neuropeptide Y levels were significantly increased in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus as compared to non-diabetic patients (P=0.026). Atrial tissue neuropeptide Y mRNA levels were lower in diabetic patients (P=0.036). There was a significant up-regulation of myocardial Y(2) and Y(5) receptors (P=0.009, P=0.01 respectively) in the diabetic patients. Leptin, involved with apoptosis and angiogenesis, was down regulated in diabetic patients (P=0.05). The levels of caspase-3, endostatin and angiostatin were significantly elevated in diabetic patients (P=0.003, P=0.008, P=0.01 respectively). Y(1) receptors were more likely to be localized within the nuclei of cardiomyocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells. Neuropeptide expression is altered differentially in the serum and myocardium by diabetes. Altered regulation of this system in diabetics may be in part responsible for the decreased angiogenesis, increased apoptosis, and increased vascular smooth muscle proliferation leading to coronary artery disease and heart failure in this patient population.
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Arch debranching versus elephant trunk procedures for hybrid repair of thoracic aortic pathologies.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2011
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We compared outcomes of arch debranching (AD) and elephant trunk (ET) techniques when used with thoracic endovascular aortic repair.
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A pregnant female with a large intracranial mass: Reviewing the evidence to obtain management guidelines for intracranial meningiomas during pregnancy.
Surg Neurol Int
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2010
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Non-obstetric surgery for intracranial meningioma is uncommon during pregnancy and poses significant risks to both the mother and the fetus. We present a case of a parturient that presented with acute mental status changes and we illustrate the decision making process that resulted in a best-possible outcome.
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Postoperative Pain Management in DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction: Identification of Patients With Poor Pain Control.
Eplasty
PUBLISHED: 09-15-2010
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Objective: Adequate control of postoperative pain directly improves patient satisfaction and outcomes, and timely identification of patients with poorly controlled pain is essential. Pain management protocols are best studied in patients recovering from the same operation. In our institution, the postoperative pain regimen for patients undergoing deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap breast reconstruction is standardized using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) followed by conversion to oral narcotics. From this uniform population, we were able to identify a subgroup of patients with poor pain control. Methods: Over a 44-month period, 179 consecutive patients underwent DIEP flap breast reconstruction with 242 flaps performed. A retrospective chart review recorded PCA usage, visual analog scale pain scores, and length of stay. Results: Pain management with PCA after DIEP flap breast reconstruction was uniformly controlled. Most patients (74.9%) required PCA usage in the first 2 days with conversion to oral analgesics. A subgroup of patients (25.1%) continued to require PCA usage on the third postoperative day. These "nonresponder" patients had a higher visual analog scale score on the first postoperative day, higher total intravenous morphine use, and a longer length of stay (all, P < .05). A multivariate analysis revealed more nonresponders among patients undergoing immediate breast reconstruction (P < .05); however, all other factors analyzed had no correlation. Conclusion: We report a subgroup of patients with poor pain control after DIEP flap breast reconstruction. This group of patients required a longer course of pain management and subsequently a longer hospital stay. Pain management protocols that identify these patients promptly can allow for appropriate modifications.
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Preoperative stress testing in high-risk vascular surgery and its association with gender.
Gend Med
PUBLISHED: 09-08-2010
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Despite significant improvement in anesthetic and surgical techniques, the incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction (PMI) and all-cause mortality from any cardiac event during high-risk vascular surgery (abdominal aortic or infrainguinal revascularization procedures) remains high. In addition, there are significant health care costs associated with the management of PMI.
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A novel actuator for simulation of epidural anesthesia and other needle insertion procedures.
Simul Healthc
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2010
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When navigating a needle from skin to epidural space, a skilled clinician maintains a mental model of the anatomy and uses the various forms of haptic and visual feedback to track the location of the needle tip. Simulating the procedure requires an actuator that can produce the feel of tissue layers even as the needle direction changes from the ideal path.
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Effects of vasopressor administration on the outcomes of microsurgical breast reconstruction.
Ann Plast Surg
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2010
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The use of vasopressors during microsurgery is still debated. General anesthesia often induces hypotension, but microsurgeons are reluctant to use intraoperative vasopressors with the potential risks of vasoconstriction. A retrospective review was performed on 187 consecutive patients undergoing 258 deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps, free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, and muscle-sparing free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap operations. A total of 102 patients (140 flaps) received intraoperative ephedrine and/or phenylephrine and 85 patients (118 flaps) did not. The administration of vasopressors did not affect the rates of reoperation, complete flap loss, partial flap loss, or fat necrosis. Patients receiving vasopressors had no differences in operative time, number of perforators, or number of rows of perforators harvested. There was no statistically significant association between dosage, timing, and complications. Although we do not recommend routine vasopressor use during microsurgery, administration does not seem to increase complications in microsurgical breast reconstruction.
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Practice patterns for thoracic aneurysms in the stent graft era: health care system implications.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2010
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The US Food and Drug Administration approved the first thoracic aneurysm endograft in 2005. However, because the United States lacks a thoracic aneurysm endovascular repair registry, implications of Food and Drug Administration endograft approval on surgical management of thoracic aneurysms in clinical practice are unknown.
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Right ventricular echocardiographic predictors of postoperative supraventricular arrhythmias after thoracic surgery: a pilot study.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2010
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We used echocardiographically derived myocardial performance index (MPI) to assess changes in global right ventricular function with lung isolation. We hypothesized that changes in MPI with lung isolation may be related to the incidence of postoperative supraventricular tachycardia (SVT).
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Effects of neuropeptide Y on collateral development in a swine model of chronic myocardial ischemia.
J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-02-2010
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We investigated the role of neuropeptide Y (NPY), abundant in the myocardial sympathetic nervous system and endothelial cells, in angiogenesis during chronic myocardial ischemia. Adult male Yorkshire swine underwent ameroid constrictor placement on the proximal left circumflex coronary artery. After 3 weeks, an osmotic pump was placed to deliver either placebo (control, n=8) or NPY(3-36) (NPY, n=8) to the collateral dependent region. Five weeks after pump placement, after cardiac catheterization and hemodynamic assessment, the heart was harvested for analysis. NPY treated animals demonstrated increased mean arterial pressures and improved left ventricular function (+dP/dt). Cardiac catheterization demonstrated a significant increase in the blush score in the NPY group (p<0.001). Blood flow to the ischemic myocardium was not different between groups at rest or during ventricular pacing. Immunohistochemical double staining for CD-31 and smooth muscle actin demonstrated an increase in capillary and arteriole formation in NPY treated animals (p=0.02 and p<0.001). Immunoblotting showed a significant upregulation of DPPIV (p=0.009) and NPY receptors 1 (p=0.008), 2 (p=0.02) and 5 (p=0.03) in the NPY treated group. Additionally, there was significant upregulation of VEGF (p=0.04), eNOS (p=0.014), phospho-eNOS (ser1177) (p=0.02), and PDGF (p<0.001) in NPY treated group. The anti-angiogenic factors endostatin and angiostatin were significantly decreased in NPY treated animals (endostatin, p=0.03; angiostatin, p=0.04). Exogenous NPY(3-36) resulted in improved myocardial function and increased angiogenesis and arteriogenesis by stimulating growth factor, pro-angiogenic receptor upregulation, and decreasing anti-angiogenic expression, but did not increase blood flow to the ischemic myocardium. NPY may act as a good adjunct to primary agents of therapeutic angiogenesis.
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Changes in mitral valve annular geometry after repair: saddle-shaped versus flat annuloplasty rings.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-17-2010
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Saddle-shaped annuloplasty rings are being increasingly used during mitral valve (MV) repair to conform the mitral annulus to a more nonplanar shape and possibly reduce leaflet stress. In this study utilizing three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography we compared the effects of rigid flat rings with those of the saddle rings on the mitral annular geometry. Specifically we measured the changes in nonplanarity angle (NPA) before and after MV repair.
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First United States experience of the TX2 Pro-Form thoracic delivery system.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2010
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Failure to conform to the arch ("bird-beaking") can lead to endoleak and graft collapse after thoracic endovascular aortic repair. We report the first United States experience with the new TX2 Pro-Form (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Ind), a novel delivery system that became commercially available in October 2009, designed to enhance circumferential apposition of the TX2 thoracic endograft to the arch.
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Perioperative diastolic dysfunction during vascular surgery and its association with postoperative outcome.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2009
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To assess the association of perioperative cardiac dysfunction during elective vascular surgery with postoperative outcome.
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Early blood biomarkers predict organ injury and resource utilization following complex cardiac surgery.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2009
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Patients undergoing complex cardiac surgery (thoracic aorta and valve) are at risk for organ failure and increased resource utilization. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been found to be an early biomarker for renal injury. Multiplex cytokine immunoassays allow the evaluation of the early inflammatory response. We examined the relationship between early biomarker appearance (NGAL and multiplex cytokines) and organ injury and resource utilization.
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Stretch activates human myometrium via ERK, caldesmon and focal adhesion signaling.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 06-01-2009
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An incomplete understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for myometrial activation from the quiescent pregnant state to the active contractile state during labor has hindered the development of effective therapies for preterm labor. Myometrial stretch has been implicated clinically in the initiation of labor and the etiology of preterm labor, but the molecular mechanisms involved in the human have not been determined. We investigated the mechanisms by which gestation-dependent stretch contributes to myometrial activation, by using human uterine samples from gynecologic hysterectomies and Cesarean sections. Here we demonstrate that the Ca requirement for activation of the contractile filaments in human myometrium increases with caldesmon protein content during gestation and that an increase in caldesmon phosphorylation can reverse this inhibitory effect during labor. By using phosphotyrosine screening and mass spectrometry of stretched human myometrial samples, we identify 3 stretch-activated focal adhesion proteins, FAK, p130Cas, and alpha actinin. FAK-Y397, which signals integrin engagement, is constitutively phosphorylated in term human myometrium whereas FAK-Y925, which signals downstream ERK activation, is phosphorylated during stretch. We have recently identified smooth muscle Archvillin (SmAV) as an ERK regulator. A newly produced SmAV-specific antibody demonstrates gestation-specific increases in SmAV protein levels and stretch-specific increases in SmAV association with focal adhesion proteins. Thus, whereas increases in caldesmon levels suppress human myometrium contractility during pregnancy, stretch-dependent focal adhesion signaling, facilitated by the ERK activator SmAV, can contribute to myometrial activation. These results suggest that focal adhesion proteins may present new targets for drug discovery programs aimed at regulation of uterine contractility.
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Spinal cord ischemia after TEVAR in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2009
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To examine the incidence of and the anatomic factors that may contribute to spinal cord ischemia (SCI) in patients with a history of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR).
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Early outcomes after endovascular management of acute, complicated type B aortic dissection.
J. Vasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2009
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Surgical management of acute, complicated type B aortic dissection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This study examined the feasibility and safety of endovascular treatment of this pathology.
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Evolution in the management of the total thoracic aorta.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 03-05-2009
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Extensive aneurysms of the ascending, arch, and descending thoracic aorta traditionally have been managed with a 2-stage "elephant trunk" procedure. Single-stage transmediastinal repairs have also been used, because in some patients the entire repair is not completed owing to either complications during first-stage repair or magnitude of the second-stage operation. Since 2006, second-stage elephant trunks have been preferentially completed with endovascular stent grafts in anatomically appropriate patients. This study compares outcomes of 2-stage elephant trunk, single-stage, and hybrid endovascular repairs of extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms.
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Altered beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene expression in human clinical hypertension.
Biol Res Nurs
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2009
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The beta-2 adrenergic receptor is involved in mediating vasodilatation via neurohumoral and sympathetic nervous system pathways. Alterations in beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene expression (mRNA transcription) may contribute to the hypertensive phenotype. Human gene expression in clinical phenotypes remains largely unexplored due to ethical constraints involved in obtaining human tissue. We devised a method to obtain normally discarded internal mammary artery tissue from coronary artery bypass graft patients. We then investigated differences in hypertensive and normotensive participants beta-2 adrenergic receptor gene expression in this tissue.
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Prophylactic nesiritide does not prevent dialysis or all-cause mortality in patients undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery.
J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2009
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Natriuretic peptides have been shown to improve renal blood flow and stimulate natriuresis. In a recent retrospective trial, we documented that prophylactic use of nesiritide was associated with a 66% reduction in the odds for dialysis or in-hospital mortality at 21 days in patients undergoing high-risk cardiac surgery; therefore, we designed a prospective trial.
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Endovascular treatment of traumatic thoracic aortic injuries.
J. Am. Coll. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2009
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Although a large proportion of patients with traumatic thoracic aortic injury die before undergoing definitive repair, those who survive still face ongoing risk of death and morbidity. Endovascular therapy may offer a minimally invasive alternative in the repair of the aortic injury.
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Early outcomes using the Florida sleeve repair for correction of aortic insufficiency due to root aneurysms.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2009
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The Florida sleeve procedure is a simplified valve-sparing technique for repair of functional type I aortic insufficiency associated with root aneurysms. Midterm outcomes are reported, including standard echocardiographic measurements.
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Intrathecal morphine in two patients undergoing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during aortic surgery -A case report-.
Korean J Anesthesiol
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We retrospectively report the first use of intrathecal morphine prior to incision in two male patients undergoing a complex aortic reconstruction, who required complete circulatory arrest under deep hypothermia for intraoperative and postoperative pain control. We administered intrathecal morphine to two male patients undergoing circulatory arrest and deep hypothermia. Patients were fully heparinized prior to cardiopulmonary bypass. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest was performed by cooling the patients to 18?. Following the surgery, the neurologic status was monitored. The management of postoperative pain is a quality standard in health care. During the first 24 hours after surgery, we observed excellent analgesia without the associated side effects, thus, reducing the time required for pain control by the nursing staff. A successful analgetic strategy not only enhances the patient satisfaction, but may improve the postoperative outcome. However, complications, such as increased risk of epidural hematoma formation, are of special concern in cardiac surgery.
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A prospective randomized trial of lidocaine 30 mg versus 45 mg for epidural test dose for intrathecal injection in the obstetric population.
Anesth. Analg.
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The epidural test dose, used to identify unintended intrathecal placement, should reliably produce a spinal block without posing a threat to the patient. Most anesthesiologists administer a dose of local anesthetic, commonly lidocaine 45 mg. Pregnant patients are more sensitive to local anesthetics; high and total spinal anesthesia have been reported in the pregnant population with this dose. We hypothesized that lidocaine 30 mg was as effective as lidocaine 45 mg in creating rapid objective evidence of a sensory or motor block.
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Dynamic 3-dimensional echocardiographic assessment of mitral annular geometry in patients with functional mitral regurgitation.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
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Mitral valve (MV) annular dynamics have been well described in animal models of functional mitral regurgitation (FMR). Despite this, little if any data exist regarding the dynamic MV annular geometry in humans with FMR. In the current study we hypothesized that 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography, in conjunction with commercially available software, could be used to quantify the dynamic changes in MV annular geometry associated with FMR.
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Neuropeptide Y improves myocardial perfusion and function in a swine model of hypercholesterolemia and chronic myocardial ischemia.
J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.
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Pharmacologically induced angiogenesis could be a promising option in clinical situations with diffuse inoperable coronary artery disease e.g. metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. The failure of focused cytokine, stem cell and gene therapies to achieve both perfusion and functional improvement in clinical trials suggests a more centralized control mechanism. Neuropeptide-Y (NPY) is one such natural neurotransmitter that is known to exert a multifaceted role during neo-angiogenesis and can possibly act as the central control. To date, the ability to harness the master switch nature of NPY in a specific experimental model of metabolic syndrome and chronic myocardial ischemia has not been conclusively demonstrated. We hypothesized that infiltration of NPY into an area of chronic ischemia in a metabolic syndrome swine model would induce angiogenesis and improve myocardial perfusion and function. An osmotic pump was inserted three weeks after surgical induction of focal myocardial ischemia. We delivered either NPY or placebo for five weeks, after which the myocardial tissue was harvested for analysis. Assessments of myocardial perfusion and function were performed at each stage of the experiment. Local infiltration of NPY significantly improved collateral vessel formation, blood flow and myocardial function. We believe activation of NPY receptors may be a potential target therapy for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease.
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Echocardiographic anatomy of the mitral valve: a critical appraisal of 2-dimensional imaging protocols with a 3-dimensional perspective.
J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.
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To highlight the limitations of traditional 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic mitral valve (MV) examination methodologies, which do not account for patient-specific transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) probe adjustments made during an actual clinical perioperative TEE examination.
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Preoperative prediction of mortality within 1 year after elective thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.
J. Vasc. Surg.
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Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is known to have a survival benefit over open repair in patients with descending thoracic aneurysms and has become a mainstay of therapy. Because death before 1 year after TEVAR likely indicates an ineffective therapy, we have created a predictive model for death within 1 year using factors available in the preoperative setting.
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Cardiac angiogenic imbalance leads to peripartum cardiomyopathy.
Nature
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Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an often fatal disease that affects pregnant women who are near delivery, and it occurs more frequently in women with pre-eclampsia and/or multiple gestation. The aetiology of PPCM, and why it is associated with pre-eclampsia, remain unknown. Here we show that PPCM is associated with a systemic angiogenic imbalance, accentuated by pre-eclampsia. Mice that lack cardiac PGC-1?, a powerful regulator of angiogenesis, develop profound PPCM. Importantly, the PPCM is entirely rescued by pro-angiogenic therapies. In humans, the placenta in late gestation secretes VEGF inhibitors like soluble FLT1 (sFLT1), and this is accentuated by multiple gestation and pre-eclampsia. This anti-angiogenic environment is accompanied by subclinical cardiac dysfunction, the extent of which correlates with circulating levels of sFLT1. Exogenous sFLT1 alone caused diastolic dysfunction in wild-type mice, and profound systolic dysfunction in mice lacking cardiac PGC-1?. Finally, plasma samples from women with PPCM contained abnormally high levels of sFLT1. These data indicate that PPCM is mainly a vascular disease, caused by excess anti-angiogenic signalling in the peripartum period. The data also explain how late pregnancy poses a threat to cardiac homeostasis, and why pre-eclampsia and multiple gestation are important risk factors for the development of PPCM.
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Endovascular treatment of acute and chronic aortic pathology in patients with Marfan syndrome.
J. Vasc. Surg.
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In patients with Marfan syndrome, the complications of aortic degeneration, including dissection, aneurysm, and rupture represent the main cause of mortality. Although contemporary management of ascending aortic disease requires open surgical reconstruction, endovascular repair is now available for management of descending thoracic and abdominal aortic pathology (ie, thoracic endovascular aortic repair [TEVAR], endovascular aneurysm repair [EVAR]). The short- and long-term benefit of endovascular repair in Marfan patients remains largely unproven. We examine our outcomes after EVAR in this patient population.
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Outcomes for acute type A aortic dissection: effects of previous cardiac surgery.
Ann. Thorac. Surg.
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The standard of performing emergent surgical repair for acute aortic dissection type A has been questioned in patients with previous cardiac surgery. The effects of previous cardiac surgery on the presentation and operative outcome of these patients is understudied.
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Effect of Intermittent Phrenic Nerve Stimulation During Cardiothoracic Surgery on Mitochondrial Respiration in the Human Diaphragm.
Crit. Care Med.
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Recent studies have shown that brief periods of mechanical ventilation in animals and humans can lead to ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction, which includes muscle atrophy, reduced force development, and impaired mitochondrial function. Studies in animal models have shown that short periods of increased diaphragm activity during mechanical ventilation support can attenuate ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction but corresponding human data are lacking. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of intermittent diaphragm contractions during cardiothoracic surgery, including controlled mechanical ventilation, on mitochondrial respiration in the human diaphragm.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.