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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
HATS syndrome: hemimaxillary enlargement, asymmetry of the face, tooth abnormalities, and skin findings.
Cutis
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2014
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Hemimaxillary enlargement, asymmetry of the face, tooth abnormalities, and skin findings (HATS syndrome) is a rare developmental disorder involving the first and second branchial arches. Physical manifestations may present at birth or during early childhood. Characteristic findings include unilateral abnormalities of the face involving the bones, teeth, gums, and skin. Among the characteristic cutaneous manifestations of HATS syndrome, Becker nevus is the most common. A variety of modalities have been utilized in the treatment of HATS syndrome, but no standardized therapy has been established. We report a case of this rare condition in a 14-year-old adolescent boy.
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Three-dimensional Cephalometric Analysis of Adolescents With Cleft Lip and Palate Using Computed Tomography-Guided Imaging.
J Craniofac Surg
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2014
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To propose landmarks and a new coordinate system to aid three-dimensional cephalometric analysis of adolescent cleft lip and palate (CLP) using computed tomography (CT) imaging.
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[The expression and significance of beta2-AR and VEGFR-2 in infantile hemangioma].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2014
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To investigate the significance of beta-adrenergic receptor 2 (beta2-AR) and vascular endothelial growth factor-2 (VEGFR-2) in the occurrence and development of infantile hemangioma through detecting the expression of beta2-AR and VEGFR-2 in the different stages of infantile hemangiomas. Methods According to the Mulliken's classification standard, we classified the specimens as proliferating group (32 cases), involuting group (17 cases) and involuted group (11 cases). Normal skin tissue surrounding the hemangioma from 7 cases were chosen as control group. The expression of beta2-AR and VEGFR-2 was detected by immunohistochemical technique in proliferating hemangioma, involuting hemangioma, involuted hemangioma. The mean optical density was measured by image analysis system (Image Pro Plus 6.0) and SPSS 16.0 software was applied for statistical analysis.
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Association of dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1) polymorphisms with risperidone treatment response in Chinese schizophrenia patients.
Neurosci. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-29-2014
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Evidence suggests that dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1) may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and the pharmacodynamics of antipsychotics. We conducted a comprehensive pharmacogenomics study to investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in DRD1 with treatment response to risperidone. Two independent cohorts of Han Chinese schizophrenic patients (n=185) from two different geographic areas treated with risperidone monotherapy for 4 weeks and four SNPs (rs5326, rs4867798, rs4532 and rs686) in the DRD1 gene were analyzed. Clinical symptoms were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). The definition of risperidone response is based on a cut-off of 50% in terms of corrected percent change of PANSS score. The significant confounding effects of non-genetic factors were included as covariates for adjustment. No significant association of DRD1 polymorphisms with risperidone treatment response was found in either single marker or haplotype analysis in this study. The current results provide the first evidence that DRD1 polymorphisms may not influence the clinical efficacy of risperidone in Chinese schizophrenia patients.
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DNA bridging and looping by HMO1 provides a mechanism for stabilizing nucleosome-free chromatin.
Nucleic Acids Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2014
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The regulation of chromatin structure in eukaryotic cells involves abundant architectural factors such as high mobility group B (HMGB) proteins. It is not understood how these factors control the interplay between genome accessibility and compaction. In vivo, HMO1 binds the promoter and coding regions of most ribosomal RNA genes, facilitating transcription and possibly stabilizing chromatin in the absence of histones. To understand how HMO1 performs these functions, we combine single molecule stretching and atomic force microscopy (AFM). By stretching HMO1-bound DNA, we demonstrate a hierarchical organization of interactions, in which HMO1 initially compacts DNA on a timescale of seconds, followed by bridge formation and stabilization of DNA loops on a timescale of minutes. AFM experiments demonstrate DNA bridging between strands as well as looping by HMO1. Our results support a model in which HMO1 maintains the stability of nucleosome-free chromatin regions by forming complex and dynamic DNA structures mediated by protein-protein interactions.
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Combined application of alginate dressing and human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor promotes healing in refractory chronic skin ulcers.
Exp Ther Med
PUBLISHED: 03-21-2014
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical therapeutic effect of the combined application of alginate and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) on the healing of refractory chronic skin ulcers. A single center, three arm, randomized study was performed at Jinan Central Hospital (Jinan, Shandong, China). A total of 60 patients with refractory chronic skin ulcers, which persisted for >1 month, were enrolled and randomly assigned into one of the following three groups: alginate dressing/rhGM-CSF group (group A), rhGM-CSF only group (group B) and conventional (vaseline dressing) group (group C). The wound area rate was measured, granulation and color were observed and pain was evaluated. The data were summarized and statistical analysis was performed. The results demonstrated that group A exhibited a significantly faster wound healing rate and lower pain score compared with the other groups (P<0.01). In conclusion, the combined application of alginate dressing and rhGM-CSF for the treatment of refractory chronic skin ulcers demonstrated significant advantages. It promoted the growth of granulation tissue, accelerated re-epithelialization and also effectively reduced wound pain, and thus improved the quality of life for the patient. This suggests that the combined application of alginate and rhGM-CSF may be an effective therapeutic strategy for the clinical treatment of refractory chronic skin ulcers.
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DDX3X regulates cell survival and cell cycle during mouse early embryonic development.
J Biomed Res
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2014
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DDX3X is a highly conserved DEAD-box RNA helicase that participates in RNA transcription, RNA splicing, and mRNA transport, translation, and nucleo-cytoplasmic transport. It is highly expressed in metaphase II (MII) oocytes and is the predominant DDX3 variant in the ovary and embryo. However, whether it is important in mouse early embryo development remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the function of DDX3X in early embryogenesis by cytoplasmic microinjection with its siRNA in zygotes or single blastomeres of 2-cell embryos. Our results showed that knockdown of Ddx3x in zygote cytoplasm led to dramatically diminished blastocyst formation, reduced cell numbers, and an increase in the number of apoptotic cells in blastocysts. Meanwhile, there was an accumulation of p53 in RNAi blastocysts. In addition, the ratio of cell cycle arrest during 2-cell to 4-cell transition increased following microinjection of Ddx3x siRNA into single blastomeres of 2-cell embryos compared with control. These results suggest that Ddx3x is an essential gene associated with cell survival and cell cycle control in mouse early embryos, and thus plays key roles in normal embryo development.
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Quantitative proteomics analysis of altered protein expression in the placental villous tissue of early pregnancy loss using isobaric tandem mass tags.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2014
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Many pregnant women suffer miscarriages during early gestation, but the description of these early pregnancy losses (EPL) can be somewhat confusing because of the complexities of early development. Thus, the identification of proteins with different expression profiles related to early pregnancy loss is essential for understanding the comprehensive pathophysiological mechanism. In this study, we report a gel-free tandem mass tags- (TMT-) labeling based proteomic analysis of five placental villous tissues from patients with early pregnancy loss and five from normal pregnant women. The application of this method resulted in the identification of 3423 proteins and 19647 peptides among the patient group and the matched normal control group. Qualitative and quantitative proteomic analysis revealed 51 proteins to be differentially abundant between the two groups (? 1.2-fold, Student's t-test, P < 0.05). To obtain an overview of the biological functions of the proteins whose expression levels altered significantly in EPL group, gene ontology analysis was performed. We also investigated the twelve proteins with a difference over 1.5-fold using pathways analysis. Our results demonstrate that the gel-free TMT-based proteomic approach allows the quantification of differences in protein expression levels, which is useful for obtaining molecular insights into early pregnancy loss.
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A pharmacogenetic study of risperidone on chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) in Chinese Han schizophrenia patients.
Prog. Neuropsychopharmacol. Biol. Psychiatry
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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Previous observations of the pathophysiological distribution and pharmacological profile of the chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) have indicated its potential role in antipsychotic drug actions. More information on the pharmacogenetics of CCL2 may therefore be useful in developing individualized therapy. However, to our knowledge, rare studies have been reported in this area. This investigation was attempted to clarify whether CCL2 polymorphism could affect risperidone efficacy. We genotyped four SNPs (rs4795893, rs1024611, rs4586 and rs2857657) distributed throughout the CCL2 gene and examined them for association using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) score in two independent cohorts of Chinese schizophrenic patients (n = 208) from two different geographic areas, following an 8-week period of risperidone monotherapy. We found that all genotyped SNPs were significantly associated with risperidone treatment (rs4795893: p = 1.66E-04, rs4586: p = 0.001, rs2857657: p = 0.004, at week 4, in ANOVA). Our results indicate that there may be some effect of variations in the CCL2 gene on therapeutic efficacy of risperidone, and the associated polymorphisms may be a potential genetic marker for predicting the therapeutic effect of risperidone.
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Unravelling the proteome of adult rhesus monkey ovaries.
Mol Biosyst
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Ovarian physiology and pathology are important areas of scientific research. Efforts have been made to identify the ovary-related transcriptomes in different species. However, the proteomic studies are limited. The rhesus monkey is very similar to humans, and it is widely used in the study of reproductive biology and medicine. In this study, using an optimized proteomics platform, we successfully identified 5723 rhesus ovarian proteins, of which 4325 proteins were consistently identified in all three replicates and with at least 2 unique peptides. The 4325 proteins were chosen for further analysis. Through gene ontology and pathway analyses, we obtained a preliminary understanding of the function of these proteins. A random immunohistochemistry analysis was used to determine the expression of proteins in various cell types. By comparing the genes identified in this study with genes that were reported to have relatively high levels of expression in human oocytes, we obtained genes that were predicted to play roles in maintenance of normal ovarian physiology. Searching the identified genes from this study against the MGI database gave us a list of proteins those exist in the rhesus monkey ovary and are important for female mouse reproduction as well. The overlap of genes in this study and the genes whose abnormal expression or dysfunction were reported to be associated with human polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure (POF) prompted us to use the rhesus monkey to study these two common causes of female infertility. This study may provide a basis for future studies of human reproductive disorders using the rhesus monkey as a model.
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Short communication: interaction of bovine milk protein with chlorpyrifos.
J. Dairy Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Dairy products are considered as nutrient-dense foods and consumed by many people in western countries, as well as an increasing number of Asian people. Excessive and frequent application of pesticides on vegetables and fruits leads to a potential health hazard to consumers. The organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos has been reported to bind with human and bovine serum albumin. Thus, it is necessary to explore the interaction between food protein and chlorpyrifos. In this study, equilibrium dialysis and fluorescence spectra were used to demonstrate binding of milk proteins to chlorpyrifos. The amount of milk protein bound was 0.03±0.01mg/g. Moreover, the milk protein-chlorpyrifos complexes were stable at pH 3.5to 9.5 and ion concentrations from 0.1 to 1.0M. The amount of chlorpyrifos bound to milk proteins decreased to 50% after being in vitro digested by pepsin and trypsin. The results showed that the interaction between food proteins and the pesticide might partially remove the insecticide and reduce the concentration of pesticide absorbed into the blood and, thus, alleviate the corresponding toxicity.
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Phosphoinositide 3-kinase p110? mediates estrogen- and FSH-stimulated ovarian follicle growth.
Mol. Endocrinol.
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
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In the mammalian ovary, primordial follicles are generated early in life and remain dormant for prolonged periods. Their growth resumes via primordial follicle activation, and they continue to grow until the preovulatory stage under the regulation of hormones and growth factors, such as estrogen, FSH, and IGF-1. Both FSH and IGF-1 activate the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt (acute transforming retrovirus thymoma protein kinase) signaling pathway in granulosa cells (GCs), yet it remains inconclusive whether the PI3K pathway is crucial for follicle growth. In this study, we investigated the p110? isoform (encoded by the Pik3cd gene) of PI3K catalytic subunit expression in the mouse ovary and its function in fertility. Pik3cd-null females were subfertile, exhibited fewer growing follicles and more atretic antral follicles in the ovary, and responded poorly to exogenous gonadotropins compared with controls. Ovary transplantation showed that Pik3cd-null ovaries responded poorly to FSH stimulation in vitro; this confirmed that the follicle growth defect was intrinsically ovarian. In addition, estradiol (E2)-stimulated follicle growth and GC proliferation in preantral follicles was impaired in Pik3cd-null ovaries. FSH and E2 substantially activated the PI3K/Akt pathway in GCs of control mice but not in those of Pik3cd-null mice. However, primordial follicle activation and oocyte meiotic maturation were not affected by Pik3cd knockout. Taken together, our findings indicate that the p110? isoform of the PI3K catalytic subunit is a key component of the PI3K pathway for both FSH and E2-stimulated follicle growth in ovarian GCs; however, it is not required for primordial follicle activation and oocyte development.
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[Treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas with topical propranolol].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-19-2013
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To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 1% propranolol ointment in the treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs).
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Is survivin a novel pathway for the treatment and pathogenesis of keloid?
Med. Hypotheses
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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Keloids behave like benign tumors as they grow beyond the boundaries of the original wound margin, do not regress spontaneously, and recur despite treatments. Recently, accumulating evidences showed that survivin played an important role in cell growth, apoptotic resistance, and cell cycle control. More than that, survivin was confirmed to be associated with tumor angiogenesis and chemoresistance. Survivin blocker therapy has been proved to be a novel treatment in some kinds of tumors. Our preliminary work showed that survivin expression was significantly higher in keloids than in normal skin. The mRNA and protein levels of survivin were downregulated in keloid fibroblasts by survivin-siRNA. Therefore, we hypothesize that survivin has a profound effect on keloid formation and progression. Therefore, survivin may be a potential therapeutic target for keloids. Our hypothesis sheds light for the first time on the role of survivin involves in keloid pathophysiology and provides with novel therapeutic implications for keloids that are associated with apoptosis.
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Lymphangioma-Like Kaposis Sarcoma Presenting as Gangrene.
Case Rep Oncol Med
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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Kaposis sarcoma (KS) is a multicentric vascular neoplasm associated with the Kaposis sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV). KS can occur in immunocompromised patients as well as certain populations in Africa or in the Mediterranean. Less than 5% of KS cases can present with lymphangioma-like kaposi sarcoma (LLKS), which can occur in all KS variants. KS presents with characteristic skin lesions that appear as brown, red, blue, or purple plaques and nodules. The lesions are initially flat and if untreated will become raised. LLKS presents similarly to KS but is associated with severe lymphedema and soft tissue swelling as well as bulla-like vascular lesions. We present the case of an 85-year-old Lebanese, HIV negative, man who presented with a swollen and painful right lower extremity accompanied by necrotic lesions. Wound cultures were positive, and we began the work-up for secondarily infected gangrene. However, skin biopsy results revealed that he in fact had lymphangioma-like Kaposi sarcoma, which allowed us to shift our management. Advanced Kaposis sarcoma can present similar to gangrene. It is important to recognize the typical skin lesions of KS and not to overlook Kaposis sarcoma or LLKS within the differential.
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[Clinical experience of penile augmentation with superficial fascia retrocession: a report of 60 cases].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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To investigate the clinical effect of penile augmentation with superficial fascia retrocession.
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Histamine H4 receptor polymorphism: a potential predictor of risperidone efficacy.
J Clin Psychopharmacol
PUBLISHED: 02-21-2013
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Histamine interacts with histamine H4 receptor (HRH4) to impact antipsychotic response. Pharmacogenetic information about this receptor could therefore be useful in developing individualized therapy. The aim of this investigation was to clarify whether polymorphisms at human HRH4 gene alter risperidone efficacy. We genotyped 5 tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms of the HRH4 gene and analyzed their association with the reduction in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores in a group of 113 Chinese Han patients with schizophrenia who were following an 8-week period of risperidone monotherapy. Using ?(2), analysis of variance, haplotype, and receiver operating characteristics analysis, we found that HRH4 common variant rs4483927 is significantly associated with risperidone efficacy and that its TT genotype predicts poor therapeutic response both on the positive, negative, and general subscales and on the total scale of PANSS scores (P = 0.017, 0.019, 0.021, and 0.002, respectively, in analysis of variance). Our results provide the first evidence that an HRH4 polymorphism may be a molecular marker for the prediction of risperidone efficacy and suggest novel pharmacologic links between HRH4 gene and treatment of schizophrenia.
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Absence of the adenosine A(2A) receptor attenuates hypertrophic scarring in mice.
J Burn Care Res
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2013
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Hypertrophic scar following cutaneous wounding is the result of the body overproducing collagen, and it has been shown that the activation of the adenosine A(2A) receptor promotes tissue repair, wound healing, and extracellular matrix production. In this study, we explored the role of adenosine receptor in hypertrophic scarring in adenosine A(2A) receptor knockout mice models. Mechanical stress was applied to a healing wound to produce hypertrophic scars in adenosine A(2A) receptor knockout mice and wild-type controls. Total scar areas were evaluated after routine hematoxylin and eosin and picrosirius red staining and hydroxyproline content measured colorimetrically. Expression of transforming growth factor-? in scar tissues was measured using the Western blotting method. Compared with the wild-type control group, adenosine A(2A) receptor knockout mice showed significantly less thickness, smaller cross-sectional area, and significantly lower hydroxyproline levels and transforming growth factor-? levels. These results demonstrate that adenosine A(2A) receptors play an active role in the pathogenesis of dermal fibrosis and suggest a novel therapeutic target in the prevention and treatment of hypertrophic scarring.
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Systematic functional study of cytochrome P450 2D6 promoter polymorphisms in the Chinese Han population.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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The promoter polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing genes can lead to interindividual differences in gene expression, which may result in adverse drug effects and therapeutic failure. Based on the database of CYP2D6 gene polymorphisms in the Chinese Han population established by our group, we functionally characterized the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the promoter region and corresponding haplotypes in this population. Using site-directed mutagenesis, all the five SNPs identified and ten haplotypes with a frequency equal to or greater than 0.01 in the population were constructed on a luciferase reporter system. Dual luciferase reporter systems were used to analyze regulatory activity. The activity produced by Haplo3(-2183G>A, -1775A>G, -1589G>C, -1431C>T, -1000G>A, -678A>G), Haplo8(-2065G>A, -2058T>G, -1775A>G, -1589G>C, -1235G>A, -678A>G) and MU3(-498C>A) was 0.7-, 0.7-, 1.2- times respectively compared with the wild type in human hepatoma cell lines(p<0.05). These findings might be useful for optimizing pharmacotherapy and the design of personalized medicine.
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Detection of metabolites of trapped humans using ion mobility spectrometry coupled with gas chromatography.
Anal. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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For the first time, ion mobility spectrometry coupled with rapid gas chromatography, using multicapillary columns, was applied for the development of a pattern of signs of life for the localization of entrapped victims after disaster events (e.g., earthquake, terroristic attack). During a simulation experiment with entrapped volunteers, 12 human metabolites could be detected in the air of the void with sufficient sensitivity to enable a valid decision on the presence of a living person. Using a basic normalized summation of the measured concentrations, all volunteers involved in the particular experiments could be recognized only few minutes after they entered the simulation void and after less than 3 min of analysis time. An additional independent validation experiment enabled the recognition of a person in a room of ?25 m(3) after ?30 min with sufficiently high sensitivity to detect even a person briefly leaving the room. Undoubtedly, additional work must be done on analysis time and weight of the equipment, as well as on validation during real disaster events. However, the enormous potential of the method as a significantly helpful tool for search-and-rescue operations, in addition to trained canines, could be demonstrated.
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A systematically combined genotype and functional combination analysis of CYP2E1, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19 in different geographic areas of mainland China--a basis for personalized therapy.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The cytochrome P450 is the major enzyme involved in drug metabolism. Single CYP genotypes and metabolic phenotypes have been widely studied, but no combination analysis has been conducted in the context of specific populations and geographical areas. This study is the first to systematically analyze the combined genotypes and functional combinations of 400 samples of major CYP genes--CYP2E1, CYP2D6, CYP2C9, and CYP2C19 in four geographical areas of mainland China. 167 different genotype combinations were identified, of which 25 had a greater than 1% frequency in the Chinese Han population. In addition, phenotypes of the four genes for each sample were in line with the predictions of previous studies of the four geographical areas. On the basis of the genotype classification, we were able to produce a systemic functional combinations analysis for the population. 25 of the combinations detected had at least two non-wild phenotypes and four showed a frequency above 1%. A bioinformatics analysis of the relationship between particular drugs and multi-genes was conducted. This is the first systematic study to analyze genotype combinations and functional combinations across whole Chinese population and could make a significant contribution in the field of personalized medicine and therapy.
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The role of RING box protein 1 in mouse oocyte meiotic maturation.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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RING box protein-1 (RBX1) is an essential component of Skp1-cullin-F-box protein (SCF) E3 ubiquitin ligase and participates in diverse cellular processes by targeting various substrates for degradation. However, the physiological function of RBX1 in mouse oocyte maturation remains unknown. Here, we examined the expression, localization and function of RBX1 during mouse oocyte meiotic maturation. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that RBX1 displayed dynamic distribution during the maturation process: it localized around and migrated along with the spindle and condensed chromosomes. Rbx1 knockdown with the appropriate siRNAs led to a decreased rate of first polar body extrusion and most oocytes were arrested at metaphase I. Moreover, downregulation of Rbx1 caused accumulation of Emi1, an inhibitor of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C), which is required for mouse meiotic maturation. In addition, we found apparently increased expression of the homologue disjunction-associated protein securin and cyclin B1, which are substrates of APC/C E3 ligase and need to be degraded for meiotic progression. These results indicate the essential role of the SCF(?TrCP)-EMI1-APC/C axis in mouse oocyte meiotic maturation. In conclusion, we provide evidence for the indispensable role of RBX1 in mouse oocyte meiotic maturation.
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Quantitative assessment of the association between rs2046210 at 6q25.1 and breast cancer risk.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several genetic susceptibility loci for breast cancer (BC). One of them, conducted among Chinese women, found an association of rs2046210 at 6q25.1 with the risk of BC recently. Since then, numerous association studies have been carried out to investigate the relationship between this polymorphism and BC risk in various populations. However, these have yielded contradictory results. We therefore performed a meta-analysis to clarify this inconsistency. Overall, a total of 235003 subjects based on 13 studies were included in our study. Significantly increased BC risk was detected in the pooled analysis [allele contrast: OR?=?1.13, 95%CI?=?1.10-1.17, P(Z) <10(-5), P(Q) <10(-4); dominant model: OR?=?1.21, 95%CI?=?1.14-1.27, P(Z) <10(-5), P(Q) <10(-4); recessive model: OR?=?1.18, 95%CI?=?1.12-1.24, P(Z) <10(-5), P(Q)?=?0.04]. In addition, our data revealed that rs2046210 conferred greater risk in estrogen receptor (ER)-negative tumors [OR?=?1.27, 95%CI?=?1.15-1.40, P(Z) <10(-5), P(Q) <10(-4)] than in ER-positive ones [OR?=?1.18, 95%CI?=?1.09-1.28, P(Z) <10(-4), P(Q)?=?0.0003]. When stratified by ethnicity, significant associations were found in Caucasian and Asian populations, but not detected among Africans. There was evidence of heterogeneity (P<0.05), however, the heterogeneity largely disappeared after stratification by ethnicity. The present meta-analysis demonstrated that the rs2046210 polymorphism may be associated with increased BC susceptibility, but this association varies in different ethnicities.
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[The change of serum vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metalloproteinases-9 in proliferative hemangioma treated with propranolol].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-10-2011
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To study the level of serum vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinases-9 in the proliferative hemangioma before and after propranolol treatment.
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[Oral propranolol in the management of periorbital proliferating phase infantile hemangioma].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2011
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To observe the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol in the treatment of periorbital proliferating phase infantile hemangioma.
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Early second-trimester serum miRNA profiling predicts gestational diabetes mellitus.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2011
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Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one type of diabetes that presents during pregnancy and significantly increases the risk of a number of adverse consequences for the fetus and mother. The microRNAs (miRNA) have recently been demonstrated to abundantly and stably exist in serum and to be potentially disease-specific. However, no reported study investigates the associations between serum miRNA and GDM.
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Effects of intense pulsed light on the biological properties and ultrastructure of skin dermal fibroblasts: potential roles in photoaging.
Photomed Laser Surg
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2011
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of intense pulsed light (IPL) irradiation on skin fibroblasts in vitro, as well as to explore the biomolecular mechanisms and ultrastructure changes of the IPL effect.
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Principles of hatchet-skin flap for repair of tissue defects on the cheek.
Aesthetic Plast Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-12-2011
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To date, cheek reconstruction remains a challenge for plastic surgeons. This report presents the authors cheek reconstruction technique with different types of hatchet-skin flaps, which provides satisfactory results.
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WDR82, a key epigenetics-related factor, plays a crucial role in normal early embryonic development in mice.
Biol. Reprod.
PUBLISHED: 12-01-2010
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Epigenetic regulation is considered one of the most important mechanisms by which changes in gene expression occur without changes in the underlying DNA sequence. More and more studies have shown that this kind of regulation plays a very important role during the process of early embryonic development. Methylation of histones is a special process in epigenetic regulations that plays a dual role: some activate gene expression, while some inhibit it; trimethylation of histone 3 lysine 4 has been shown to be a marker of gene expression activation. Previous research has led us to focus on the role of WDR82, which has been shown to recognize a subunit in the methyltransferases complex that catalyzes H3K4me3 in early embryonic development. Although it has been shown that a defect in WDR82 causes dysfunction of SETD1A/SETD1B and results in loss of H3K4me3 in human cell lines, the exact role of WDR82 in the methyltransferases complex during early embryonic development is not clear. Our study has shown that a defect in WDR82 causes dysfunction of SETD1A/SETD1B and affects the normal H3K4me3 status in the transcription start region of POU5F1, which then causes the down-regulation of POU5F1 as well as its downstream factors STAT3/BIRC5, which are responsible for the extremely high apoptotic rates of blastocysts. Finally, the result of a blocked WDR82 consists of stunted embryonic development and death. Thus, WDR82 can be considered a key epigenetic regulation-related factor crucial in the normal growth and development of embryos.
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[Histologic analysis and long-term effect of acellular dermal matrix combined with autologous thin split-thickness skin graft].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-05-2010
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To evaluate the long-term therapeutic effect and histologic result of ADM combined with autologous thin split-thickness skin graft.
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[The expression of CEACAM-1 and CXCL-14 in infantile hemangioma].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2010
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To examine the expression of CEACAM-land CXCL-14 in the different stages of infantile hemangioma and to explore the role of CEACAM-1 and CXCL-14 in the occurrence and development of infantile hemangioma.
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[Effect of survivin antisense oligodeoxynucleotide on proliferation and apoptosis of human malignant melanoma cells].
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2010
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To investigate the effect of survivin antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ASODN) on proliferation and apoptosis of human malignant melanoma cells.
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The role of ezrin-associated protein network in human sperm capacitation.
Asian J. Androl.
PUBLISHED: 08-16-2010
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Membrane modifications in sperm cells represent a key step in sperm capacitation; however, the molecular basis of these modifications is not fully understood. Ezrin is the best-studied member of the ezrin/radixin/merlin family. As a cross-linker between the cortical cytoskeleton and plasma membrane proteins, ezrin contributes to remodeling of the membrane surface structure. Furthermore, activated ezrin and the Rho dissociation inhibitor, RhoGDI, promote the formation of cortical cytoskeleton-polymerized actin through Rho activation. Thus, ezrin, actin, RhoGDI, Rho and plasma membrane proteins form a complicated network in vivo, which contributes to the assembly of the structure of the membrane surface. Previously, we showed that ezrin and RhoGDI1 are expressed in human testes. Thus, we sought to determine whether the ezrin-RhoGDI1-actin-membrane protein network has a role in human sperm capacitation. Our results by Western blot indicate that ezrin is activated by phosphorylation of the threonine567 residue during capacitation. Co-immunoprecipitation studies revealed that, during sperm capacitation, the interaction between ezrin and RhoGDI1 increases, and phosphostaining of two dimensional electrophoresis gels showed that RhoGDI1 is phosphorylated, suggesting that RhoGDI1 dissociates from RhoA and leads to actin polymerization on the sperm head. We speculate that activated ezrin interacts with polymerized actin and the glycosylated membrane protein cd44 after capacitation. Blocking sperm capacitation using ezrin- or actin-specific monoclonal antibodies decreases their acrosome reaction (AR) rate, but has no effect on the AR alone. Taken together, our results show that a network consisting of ezrin, RhoGDI1, RhoA, F-actin and membrane proteins functions to influence the modifications that occur on the membrane of the sperm head during human sperm capacitation.
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Herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus genital infections: new and investigational therapeutic options.
Int. J. Dermatol.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2010
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Human papillomavirus and Herpes simplex virus are the most common genital viral infections encountered in clinical practice worldwide. We reviewed the literature focusing on new and experimental treatment modalities for both conditions, based on to the evidence-based data available. The modalities evaluated include topical agents such as immune response modifiers (imiquimod, resiquimod, and interferon), antivirals (penciclovir, cidofovir, and foscarnet), sinecatechins, microbiocidals (SPL7013 gel, and PRO 2000 gel), along with experimental (oligodeoxynucleotides), immunoprophylactic, and immunotherapeutic vaccines.
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Etanercept therapy for psoriasis in a patient with active pulmonary tuberculosis.
Am J Clin Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2010
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Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha agents are effective treatments for psoriasis. However, the use of these agents is associated with an increased risk of tuberculosis reactivation. An algorithmic approach to screening for latent tuberculosis infection has been recommended to minimize the risk of tuberculosis reactivation. However, clinical suspicion should override the results of screening tests. This report describes the case of a 49-year-old man who experienced reactivation of latent tuberculosis during treatment with etanercept, despite a negative tuberculin skin test and chest radiograph showing no abnormalities before the commencement of etanercept therapy; this patient was able to receive further treatment with etanercept following treatment for tuberculosis.
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[The significance of TGF-beta expression in scar in adenosine receptor A(2A) knockout mice].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2010
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To discuss the mechanism of scar hypertrophy in adenosine receptor A(2A) (A(2A) R) knockout mice.
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[Expression of mast cell tryptase in scar].
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2010
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To investigate the expression and distribution of mast cell tryptase (MCT) in scar, and to discuss the different MCT gene expression in keloid, hypertrophic scar and normal skin.
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A comparative study evaluating the tolerability and efficacy of two topical therapies for the treatment of keloids and hypertrophic scars.
J Drugs Dermatol
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2010
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Onion extract gel (OE) and 0.5% hydrocortisone, silicone and vitamin E lotion (HSE) are two over-the-counter preparations used to enhance the cosmesis of keloids and hypertrophic scars.
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Investigation of human testis protein heterogeneity using 2-dimensional electrophoresis.
J. Androl.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2010
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The testis is the male gonad responsible for spermatogenesis and male hormone secretion. The complicated processes of spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis determine the complexity of protein expression control in the testis. In this study, the heterogeneity of human testis proteins was investigated using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis. A total of 847 protein spots corresponding to 462 unique proteins were identified successfully by mass spectrometry. Notable heterogeneity was evidenced by the presence of more than 1 spot with different molecular weight and/or Isoelectric point values for each of 180 different proteins. Analysis of the detected peptides of these proteins indicated that this heterogeneity was partly the result of alternative splicing and/or proteolysis. SP_PIR_Keywords analysis suggested that alternative initiation sites and various forms of posttranslational modification may also contribute toward this heterogeneity. Using Pro-Q Diamond phosphostain, 68 spots representing 52 proteins were stained, confirming the presence of phosphorylated forms of these proteins in the human testis. These data were used to establish a proteome reference database, which can be accessed over the Internet (http://reprod.njmu.edu.cn/2d). This database provides an initial reference map of the human testis and serves as a useful resource for comparative proteomics studies of the human testis under normal and pathological states. The abundant protein heterogeneity observed in this study and further investigation of its biological significance will contribute toward understanding protein expression regulation in the human testis and will generate insight into the molecular mechanism of spermatogenesis.
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Proteomic analysis of proteins involved in spermiogenesis in mouse.
J. Proteome Res.
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2010
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Spermiogenesis is a unique process in mammals during which haploid round spermatids mature into spermatozoa in the testis. Its successful completion is necessary for fertilization and its malfunction is an important cause of male infertility. Here, we report the high-confidence identification of 2116 proteins in mouse haploid germ cells undergoing spermiogenesis: 299 of these were testis-specific and 155 were novel. Analysis of these proteins showed many proteins possibly functioning in unique processes of spermiogenesis. Of the 84 proteins annotated to be involved in vesicle-related events, VAMP4 was shown to be important for acrosome biogenesis by in vivo knockdown experiments. Knockdown of VAMP4 caused defects of acrosomal vesicle fusion and significantly increased head abnormalities in spermatids from testis and sperm from the cauda epididymis. Analysis of chromosomal distribution of the haploid genes showed underrepresentation on the X chromosome and overrepresentation on chromosome 11, which were due to meiotic sex chromosome inactivation and expansion of testis-expressed gene families, respectively. Comparison with transcriptional data showed translational regulation during spermiogenesis. This characterization of proteins involved in spermiogenesis provides an inventory of proteins useful for understanding the mechanisms of male infertility and may provide candidates for drug targets for male contraception and male infertility.
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Experimental investigation on influence of smoke venting velocity and vent height on mechanical smoke exhaust efficiency.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2009
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A set of burning experiments were conducted to investigate the influence of smoke vent height and exhausting velocity on mechanical smoke exhausting efficiency. Results have shown that the smoke exhausting process becomes more efficient due to the increased smoke vent height and the decreased exhausting velocity, which eliminate the plug-holing issue with fewer disturbances on the smoke layer interface. For each certain exhausting velocity, there is a critical value of distance between the vent and the bottom of the smoke layer. When the distance is less than the critical value, the smoke exhausting is inefficient, and the efficiency decreases sharply as the distance decreases. Contrarily, when the distance is greater than the critical value, a good efficiency can be acquired and the exhausted smoke increased relatively slowly as the distance increases. A critical Froude number, proposed by Hinkley to predict the onset of plug-holing effect in gravity venting systems, was validated in the experiments. However, the experimental results indicate that in the tests without the plug-holing, the fresh air entrained due to smoke exhausting is up to 48% of the mechanical exhausting rate.
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Comparative proteome profile of immature rat ovary during primordial follicle assembly and development.
Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2009
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The assembly of primordial follicles early in ovarian development and subsequent transition to primary follicles are critical processes in ovarian biology. Inappropriate coordination of these processes contributes to ovarian pathologies such as premature ovarian failure and infertility. To better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in primordial follicle assembly and development, 2-D PAGE and MALDI-TOF/TOF technologies were used to construct a comparative proteome profile of the immature rat ovary at specific time-points (0, 24, 48, and 72 h postpartum). A total of 154 differential protein spots corresponding to 134 different proteins were definitively identified between any two time-points. Further cluster analysis showed four expression patterns, and each pattern correlated with specific cell processes that occur during early ovarian development. Seven proteins were randomly selected to verify expression patterns using Western blotting, and subsequently immunohistochemistry was performed to further investigate their cellular localization. Additionally, detailed functional analyses of these differentially expressed proteins were performed. Elucidation of how these changes in protein expression level coordinate primordial follicles assembly and development is intended to provide a better understanding of these critical biological processes early in ovarian development and will provide potential therapeutic molecular targets to regulate ovarian function and treat ovarian disease.
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Decreased cofilin1 expression is important for compaction during early mouse embryo development.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2009
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Compaction, occurring at the eight-cell stage of mouse development, is the process of cell flattening and polarization by which cellular asymmetry is first established. During this process many molecules and organelles undergo polarized distribution, but the cytoskeletal basis for these distribution specifications remains to be explored. The present study focused on cofilin1, an actin-binding protein that depolymerizes actin filaments. We showed that cofilin1 expression decreased at the compaction stage, and that down-regulation of cofilin1 expression by siRNA microinjection accelerated compaction. Continuous observation using time-lapse video miscroscopy confirmed these findings. That is, the embryonic cells microinjected with anti-cofilin1 antibody exhibit earlier adherence properties compared to uninjected cells. Pronuclear microinjection of a site-directed mutated cofilin1 plasmid, in which cofilin1 is sustained in its active form produced embryos with blastomeres that did not adhere, suggesting that inactivation of cofilin1 is critical for cell flattening and adherence. Fluorescein-phalloidin staining indicated that decreased cofilin1 expression promoted the formation of the apical pole, which is a marker for polarity. Scanning electron microscopy results demonstrated the appearance of microvilli on the outer face of blastomeres in cofilin1 knockdown embryos. Our results suggest that cofilin1 plays an important role in cortical cytoplasmic organization during embryo compaction.
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Evaluation of blastomere biopsy using a mouse model indicates the potential high risk of neurodegenerative disorders in the offspring.
Mol. Cell Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2009
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Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), used in clinical practice, is offered to couples that may suffer from a monogenetic disorder, chromosome aneuploidy, or X-linked disease. However, blastomere biopsy, as an indispensable manipulation during the PGD procedure has not been assessed for its long term health implications. Using a mouse model, we investigated the effect of blastomere biopsy of in vitro cultured four-cell embryos on preimplantation development efficiency, postnatal growth, and physiological and behavioral activity compared with control, non-biopsied embryos. The mice generated after blastomere biopsy showed weight increase and some memory decline compared with the control group. Further protein expression profiles in adult brains were analyzed by a proteomics approach. A total of 36 proteins were identified with significant differences between the biopsied and control groups, and the alterations in expression of most of these proteins have been associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore hypomyelination of the nerve fibers was observed in the brains of mice in the biopsied group. This study suggested that the nervous system may be sensitive to blastomere biopsy procedures and indicated an increased relative risk of neurodegenerative disorders in the offspring generated following blastomere biopsy. Thus, more studies should be performed to address the possible adverse effects of blastomere biopsy on the development of offspring, and the overall safety of PGD technology should be more rigorously assessed.
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Role of translation by mitochondrial-type ribosomes during sperm capacitation: an analysis based on a proteomic approach.
Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2009
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Mammalian spermatozoa contain a complex population of mRNAs, some of which have been demonstrated to be translated de novo by mitochondrial-type ribosomes using D-chloramphenicol (CP), a specific inhibitor of mitochondrial translation. However, little is known about the functions of these mRNAs in mature sperm. In the present study, differential proteomic approaches were applied to study sperm protein profiles translated by mitochondrial-type ribosomes using the inhibitor CP and 44 proteins were identified with lower expression in CP-treated sperm in comparison to capacitated sperm (ratio >or= 1.5, p<0.05). Results of Western blot and real-time PCR suggest that four proteins were translated by mitochondrial-type ribosomes. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that 26 of 44 proteins were involved in some critical processes correlated to sperm-egg interaction event. In addition, Mups, whose functions in reproduction have never been studied, were chosen for further study. Our results showed that Mups proteins were localized to the acrosome and flagellum of precapacitated sperm, and were also expressed in the equatorial segment of capacitated sperm. The depletion of Mups using neutralizing antibodies significantly inhibited capacitation in a dose-dependent manner, subsequently inhibited acrosome reaction and sperm-egg fusion. In summary, mitochondrial translation during capacitation can store proteins beneficial for sperm-egg interaction.
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Proteomic-based identification of maternal proteins in mature mouse oocytes.
BMC Genomics
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2009
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The mature mouse oocyte contains the full complement of maternal proteins required for fertilization, reprogramming, zygotic gene activation (ZGA), and the early stages of embryogenesis. However, due to limitations of traditional proteomics strategies, only a few abundantly expressed proteins have yet been identified. Our laboratory applied a more effective strategy: one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D SDS-PAGE) and reverse-phase liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (RP-LC-MS/MS) were employed to analyze the mature oocyte proteome in depth.
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Noninvasive electromagnetic fields on keratinocyte growth and migration.
J. Surg. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2009
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Although evidence has shown that very small electrical currents produce a beneficial therapeutic result for wounds, noninvasive electromagnetic field (EMF) therapy has consisted mostly of anecdotal clinical reports, with very few well-controlled laboratory mechanistic studies. In this study, we evaluate the effects and potential mechanisms of a noninvasive EMF device on skin wound repair.
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A microscopic and biomechanical study of skin and soft tissue after repeated expansion.
Dermatol Surg
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2009
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Conventional expansion inadequately restores damaged skin for patients with large areas of skin deficiency or who lack sources of normal skin. These patients require repeated skin expansions, but little is known about the outcomes of this procedure.
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Factors related to quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms - results from a community-based study in China.
J Clin Nurs
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To explore the factors related to quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes with or without depressive symptoms in China.
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PCBP1 is required for maintenance of the transcriptionally silent state in fully grown mouse oocytes.
Cell Cycle
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Global transcriptional silencing in fully grown oocytes is a critical event during mammalian oogenesis. However, how this event is regulated remains elusive. Here, we provide evidence that poly(rC)-binding protein 1 (PCBP1), a protein found by us previously to be present in metaphase II (MII) mouse oocytes, participates in maintenance of the transcriptionally silent state in fully grown mouse oocytes. Knocking down Pcbp1 by microinjection of its specific siRNAs into fully grown germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes resulted in remarkable changes in their transcriptional state, including the disequilibrium between the number of oocytes with an NSN (non-surrounded nucleolus) and those with a SN (surrounded nucleolus), and obvious transcriptional reactiviation in oocytes with a SN configuration as evidenced by BrUTP incorporation assay and immunofluorescent labeling of phosphorylated RNA polymerase II CTD and trimethylated H3 lysine 4, markers for active transcription. Furthermore, in a comprehensive microarray analysis of the preovulatory oocyte transcriptome, an incredible number of nearly 4,000 transcripts were upregulated in the Pcbp1 knockdown groups. These data indicate that lack of the function of PCBP1 disrupts the quiescent status of transcription in the fully grown oocytes, and hence supporting a role of this protein in the regulation of global transcriptional silcencing in fully grown mouse oocytes.
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Genetic polymorphisms in CYP2E1: association with schizophrenia susceptibility and risperidone response in the Chinese Han population.
PLoS ONE
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CYP2E1 is a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily, which is involved in the metabolism and activation of both endobiotics and xenobiotics. The genetic polymorphisms of CYP2E1 gene (Chromosome 10q26.3, Accession Number NC_000010.10) are reported to be related to the development of several mental diseases and to be involved in the clinical efficacy of some psychiatric medications. We investigated the possible association of CYP2E1 polymorphisms with susceptibility to schizophrenia in the Chinese Han Population as well as the relationship with response to risperidone in schizophrenia patients.
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Fluoride-triggered ESPT in the binding with sal(oph)en.
J Fluoresc
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In this paper, anion binding and sensing affinity of the simple and easy-to-make salen, a typical class of ligand used comprehensively in metal coordination, was investigated. Results indicated that salophen was both a colorimetric and fluorescent selective chemosensor for fluoride ion, which operated by the anion-induced conformational changes and subsequently excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESPT) process. The F(-)-induced quick response, as well as noticeable optical changes, suggested that anion-sensing mechanism maybe help to design and to synthesize the new preferential selective probes for F(-).
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Topical propranolol for treatment of superficial infantile hemangiomas.
J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
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"Wait-and-see" is a common principle for most superficial infantile hemangiomas (IHs) because of their expected involution. Topical propranolol has recently been reported to be an effective treatment for superficial IHs.
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Maggot therapy for repairing serious infective wound in a severely burned patient.
Chin. J. Traumatol.
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The larvae of musca domestica were put in use to discard the dead tissue of a case of severe burn. A total of 50 000 aseptic maggots were put onto the infective wound surface, and aseptic dressings overlaid the surface. Three days later, another 20 000 maggots were put onto the wound for the second therapy. After twice maggot debridement, most necrotic muscle tissues of the wound were cleaned up, and eventually fresh granulation tissue grew and later the wound was covered and healed by 3 times of skin grafting. The result demonstrates that maggot therapy is safe and effective with no adverse complications except pain.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.