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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
An In-depth Analysis of a Multilocus Phylogeny Identifies leuS As a Reliable Phylogenetic Marker for the Genus Pantoea.
Evol. Bioinform. Online
PUBLISHED: 07-27-2014
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Partial sequences of six core genes (fusA, gyrB, leuS, pyrG, rlpB, and rpoB) of 37 strains of Pantoea species were analyzed in order to obtain a comprehensive view regarding the phylogenetic relationships within the Pantoea genus and compare tree topologies to identify gene(s) for reliable species and subspecies differentiation. All genes used in this study were effective at species-level delineation, but the internal nodes represented conflicting common ancestors in fusA- and pyrG-based phylogenies. Concatenated gene phylogeny gave the expected DNA relatedness, underscoring the significance of a multilocus sequence analysis. Pairwise comparison of topological distances and percent similarities indicated a significant differential influence of individual genes on the concatenated tree topology. leuS- and fusA-inferred phylogenies exhibited, respectively, the lowest (4) and highest (52) topological distances to the concatenated tree. These correlated well with high (96.3%) and low (64.4%) percent similarities of leuS- and fusA-inferred tree topologies to the concatenated tree, respectively. We conclude that the concatenated tree topology is strongly influenced by the gene with the highest number of polymorphic and non-synonymous sites in the absence of significant recombination events.
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Influence of fuel injection timing and pressure on in-flame soot particles in an automotive-size diesel engine.
Environ. Sci. Technol.
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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The current understanding of soot particle morphology in diesel engines and their dependency on the fuel injection timing and pressure is limited to those sampled from the exhaust. In this study, a thermophoretic sampling and subsequent transmission electron microscope imaging were applied to the in-flame soot particles inside the cylinder of a working diesel engine for various fuel injection timings and pressures. The results show that the number count of soot particles per image decreases by more than 80% when the injection timing is retarded from -12 to -2 crank angle degrees after the top dead center. The late injection also results in over 90% reduction of the projection area of soot particles on the TEM image and the size of soot aggregates also become smaller. The primary particle size, however, is found to be insensitive to the variations in fuel injection timing. For injection pressure variations, both the size of primary particles and soot aggregates are found to decrease with increasing injection pressure, demonstrating the benefits of high injection velocity and momentum. Detailed analysis shows that the number count of soot particles per image increases with increasing injection pressure up to 130 MPa, primarily due to the increased small particle aggregates that are less than 40 nm in the radius of gyration. The fractal dimension shows an overall decrease with the increasing injection pressure. However, there is a case that the fractal dimension shows an unexpected increase between 100 and 130 MPa injection pressure. It is because the small aggregates with more compact and agglomerated structures outnumber the large aggregates with more stretched chain-like structures.
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Draft Genome Sequence of Pantoea ananatis Strain LMG 2665T, a Bacterial Pathogen of Pineapple Fruitlets.
Genome Announc
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2014
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We report the draft genome sequence of Pantoea ananatis LMG 2665(T), the bacterial causal agent of pineapple fruitlet rot.
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Novel binding regioselectivity in the interpenetration of a non-symmetric axle into a non-symmetric pillar[5]arene wheel.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2014
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We describe the regioselective complexation of a non-symmetric 5-bromovaleronitrile axle by a non-symmetric pillar[5]arene bearing different alkyl (methyl and pentyl) rims, forming an oriented interpenetrated complex with the directionality of CN@methyl rim and Br@pentyl rim.
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Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas sp. Strain 2-92, a Biological Control Strain Isolated from a Field Plot Under Long-Term Mineral Fertilization.
Genome Announc
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2014
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Pseudomonas sp. strain 2-92, isolated from a Canadian field plot under long-term mineral fertilization, strongly inhibits the growth of Fusarium graminearum, Rhizoctonia solani, and Gaeumannomyces graminis. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Pseudomonas sp. strain 2-92.
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SKLB1002, a novel potent inhibitor of VEGF receptor 2 signaling, inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth in vivo.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2011
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VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2) inhibitors, as efficient antiangiogenesis agents, have been applied in the cancer treatment. However, currently most of these anticancer drugs suffer some adverse effects. Discovery of novel VEGFR2 inhibitors as anticancer drug candidates is still needed.
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SKLB1206, a novel orally available multikinase inhibitor targeting EGFR activating and T790M mutants, ErbB2, ErbB4, and VEGFR2, displays potent antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
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Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) treatment has been successfully applied in clinical cancer therapy. However, the clinical efficacy of first-generation reversible EGFR inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, is limited by the development of drug-resistant mutations, including the gatekeeper T790M mutation and upregulation of alternative signaling pathways. Second-generation irreversible EGFR inhibitors that were designed to overcome the drug resistance due to the T790M mutation have thus far had limited success. Here, we report a novel reversible EGFR inhibitor, SKLB1206, which has potent activity against EGFR with gefitinib-sensitive and -resistant (T790M) mutations. In addition, SKLB1206 has also considerable inhibition potency against some other related oncokinases, including ErbB2, ErbB4, and VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). SKLB1206 exhibited highly antiproliferative activity against a range of EGFR-mutant cell lines, including gefitinib-sensitive and -resistant cell lines, and EGFR or ErbB2-overexpressing cell lines. SKLB1206 also showed a potent antiangiogenesis effect in vitro, in a zebrafish embryonic angiogenesis assay, and in an alginate-encapsulate tumor cell assay. In vivo, oral administration of SKLB1206 showed complete tumor regression in gefitinib-sensitive HCC827 and PC-9 xenograft models and showed a considerable antitumor effect on the gefitinib-resistant H1975 model as well as other EGFR/ErbB2-overexpressing or -dependent tumor models including A431, LoVo, and N87 established in athymic mice. SKLB1206 also showed a very good oral bioavailability (50.1%). Collectively, these preclinical evaluations may support clinical development of SKLB1206 for cancers with EGFR-activating/resistance mutations or EGFR/ErbB2 overexpressed.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.