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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Ischaemic strokes in patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: associations with iron deficiency and platelets.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Pulmonary first pass filtration of particles marginally exceeding ?7 µm (the size of a red blood cell) is used routinely in diagnostics, and allows cellular aggregates forming or entering the circulation in the preceding cardiac cycle to lodge safely in pulmonary capillaries/arterioles. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations compromise capillary bed filtration, and are commonly associated with ischaemic stroke. Cohorts with CT-scan evident malformations associated with the highest contrast echocardiographic shunt grades are known to be at higher stroke risk. Our goal was to identify within this broad grouping, which patients were at higher risk of stroke.
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Disruption of AP3B1 by a chromosome 5 inversion: a new disease mechanism in Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2.
BMC Med. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2013
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Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 2 (HPS2; OMIM #608233) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder caused by loss-of-function genetic variations affecting AP3B1, which encodes the ?3A subunit of the adaptor-related protein complex 3 (AP3). Phenotypic characteristics include reduced pigmentation, absent platelet dense granule secretion, neutropenia and reduced cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cell function. To date HPS2 has been associated with non-synonymous, stop-gain or deletion-insertion nucleotide variations within the coding region of AP3B1.
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Monitoring heparin anticoagulation in the acute phase response.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2010
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The anticoagulant effect of unfractionated heparin (UFH) is monitored using the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). An APTT of 1.5-2.5 times the control is usually taken as the therapeutic range and assumed to reflect an anti-activated factor X (anti-Xa) level of 0.35-0.7 u/ml. However, in some cases, despite administration of sufficient heparin to achieve a therapeutic anti-Xa assay level, the APTT remains sub-therapeutic. This apparent heparin resistance is commonly due to high levels of factor VIII (FVIII). In these situations, the anti-Xa is usually preferred for monitoring in order to avoid, what might be, dangerously high levels of heparin. We hypothesized that at high FVIII levels, the heparin resistance encountered may be genuine rather than apparent and that higher doses of heparin may indeed be needed for an equivalent anticoagulant effect. The relationship between heparin level, APTT and anticoagulant effect at different FVIII concentrations was determined using thrombelastography and the thrombin generation assay. Thromboelastographic and thrombin generation parameters concurred with APTT, demonstrating a genuine heparin resistance in the presence of high FVIII levels. This suggests that APTT may be a more accurate measure of anticoagulant effect in vivo than anti-Xa.
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Endothelial cell processing and alternatively spliced transcripts of factor VIII: potential implications for coagulation cascades and pulmonary hypertension.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2010
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Coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) deficiency leads to haemophilia A. Conversely, elevated plasma levels are a strong predictor of recurrent venous thromboemboli and pulmonary hypertension phenotypes in which in situ thromboses are implicated. Extrahepatic sources of plasma FVIII are implicated, but have remained elusive.
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Management of biliary Ascaris lumbricoides in Kabul, Afghanistan: crossroads of advancing technology.
BMJ Case Rep
PUBLISHED: 12-14-2009
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The case is presented of the successful removal of a dead Ascaris lumbricoides from the right hepatic duct of a middle aged woman from a rural province in Afghanistan. The case was started laparoscopically, but converted to an open procedure because of difficulty identifying the anatomic landmarks required to safely perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy. After worm removal, the common bile duct (CBD) was reconstructed with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 7 and was doing well when seen in the outpatient clinic 2 weeks later.
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Should laparoscopic cholecystectomy be practiced in the developing world?: the experience of the first training program in Afghanistan.
Ann. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2009
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We address the controversial issue of whether or not it is wise to perform and train laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in a developing nation by reviewing the results of the first large series done in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has been devastated by 3 decades of war leaving it with deficiencies in training programs, medical technologies, and overall medical infrastructure that are among the worst in the developing world.
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Extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Kabul, Afghanistan: a hospital-based retrospective review.
Int. J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-02-2009
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The purpose of this study is to amplify the knowledge base of the epidemiology, symptoms, and signs of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in Afghanistan.
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Clinical phenotype, laboratory features and genotype of 35 patients with heritable dysfibrinogenaemia.
Br. J. Haematol.
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Heritable dysfibrinogenaemia (HD) is a rare qualitative disorder of fibrinogen (FGN). To better describe the clinical, laboratory and genotypic spectrum of HD, we evaluated 35 subjects identified at two UK centres using laboratory criteria. 12/35(34%) subjects with HD experienced bleeding (bleeding score >1 at any site), 3/35(9%) thrombosis and 20/35(57%) were asymptomatic. Amongst subjects with bleeding, symptoms were typically mild, at one anatomical site and seldom occurred after invasive procedures. All subject showed dry clot weight within or above laboratory reference interval (median 3·2 g/l; range 1·9-5·1), reduced Clauss fibrinogen (median 0·52 g/l; range 0·21-1·3), and prolonged thrombin (median 30·7 s; range 21·3-45·7) and reptilase (median 42·0 s; range 20·0-68·0) times. In all subjects, the prothrombin time ratio (PTR), determined by Sysmex CA-1500 coagulometer and Innovin activator, was abnormal (median 1·42; range 1·22-1·61). The activated partial thromboplastin time ratio and PTR with other coagulometers and activators were comparatively insensitive to HD. All subjects with HD harboured heterozygous candidate nucleotide variations within known hotspots in the FGN genes. The HD variants identified in this cross-sectional study seldom have significant clinical manifestations and show similar laboratory features irrespective of genotype. Selection of coagulometer and PT activator may markedly affect the detection of new HD cases using coagulation screening tests.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.