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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The contribution of psychological factors to recovery after mild traumatic brain injury: Is cluster analysis a useful approach?
Brain Inj
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2014
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Abstract Objectives: Outcomes after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) vary, with slow or incomplete recovery for a significant minority. This study examines whether groups of cases with shared psychological factors but with different injury outcomes could be identified using cluster analysis. Method: This is a prospective observational study following 147 adults presenting to a hospital-based emergency department or concussion services in Christchurch, New Zealand. This study examined associations between baseline demographic, clinical, psychological variables (distress, injury beliefs and symptom burden) and outcome 6 months later. A two-step approach to cluster analysis was applied (Ward's method to identify clusters, K-means to refine results). Results: Three meaningful clusters emerged (high-adapters, medium-adapters, low-adapters). Baseline cluster-group membership was significantly associated with outcomes over time. High-adapters appeared recovered by 6-weeks and medium-adapters revealed improvements by 6-months. The low-adapters continued to endorse many symptoms, negative recovery expectations and distress, being significantly at risk for poor outcome more than 6-months after injury (OR (good outcome)?=?0.12; CI?=?0.03-0.53; p?
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Development of a patient-reported outcome measure of tophus burden: the Tophus Impact Questionnaire (TIQ-20).
Ann. Rheum. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2014
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Tophus burden is currently measured using physical examination and imaging methods. The aim of this study was to develop a patient-reported outcome (PRO) tool to assess tophus burden in people with gout.
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A systematic review of measures of self-reported adherence to unsupervised home-based rehabilitation exercise programmes, and their psychometric properties.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 06-29-2014
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Adherence is an important factor contributing to the effectiveness of exercise-based rehabilitation. However, there appears to be a lack of reliable, validated measures to assess self-reported adherence to prescribed but unsupervised home-based rehabilitation exercises.
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Establishing a person-centred framework of self-identity after traumatic brain injury: a grounded theory study to inform measure development.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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To develop a theoretically sound, client-derived framework to underpin development of a measure reflecting the impact of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on a person's self-identity.
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Understanding what matters most to people with multiple myeloma: a qualitative study of views on quality of life.
BMC Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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Multiple myeloma is an incurable haematological cancer that affects physical, psychological and social domains of quality of life (QOL). Treatment decisions are increasingly guided by QOL issues, creating a need to monitor QOL within clinical practice. The development of myeloma-specific QOL questionnaires has been limited by a paucity of research to fully characterise QOL in this group. Aims of the present study are to (1) explore the issues important to QOL from the perspective of people with multiple myeloma, and (2) explore the views of patients and clinical staff on existing QOL questionnaires and their use in clinical practice.
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A longitudinal, multicentre, cohort study of community rehabilitation service delivery in long-term neurological conditions.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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Part A: To pilot the use of a register to identify and monitor patients with complex needs arising from long-term neurological conditions. Part B: To determine the extent to which patients' needs for health and social services are met following discharge to the community after inpatient rehabilitation; to identify which factors predict unmet needs and to explore the relationship between service provision and outcomes at 12 months.
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The Needs and Provision Complexity Scale: a first psychometric analysis using multicentre data.
Clin Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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A psychometric evaluation of the Needs and Provision Complexity Scale (NPCS).
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A Psychometric Evaluation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Palliative Care (FACIT-Pal) Scale With Palliative Care Samples in Three African Countries.
J Pain Symptom Manage
PUBLISHED: 01-17-2014
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Although sub-Saharan Africa suffers the greatest burden of progressive illness, there are few outcome measures with adequate properties to measure needs and outcomes.
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Wellbeing among sub-Saharan African patients with advanced HIV and/or cancer: an international multicentred comparison study of two outcome measures.
Health Qual Life Outcomes
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2014
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Despite the high mortality rates of HIV and cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, there are few outcome tools and no comparative data across conditions. This study aimed to measure multidimensional wellbeing among advanced HIV and/or cancer patients in three African countries, and determine the relationship between two validated outcome measures.
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Functional outcomes and efficiency of rehabilitation in a national cohort of patients with guillain - barré syndrome and other inflammatory polyneuropathies.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To describe functional outcomes, care needs and cost-efficiency of hospital rehabilitation for a UK cohort of inpatients with complex rehabilitation needs arising from inflammatory polyneuropathies.
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Service Use and Costs for People with Long-Term Neurological Conditions in the First Year following Discharge from In-Patient Neuro-Rehabilitation: A Longitudinal Cohort Study.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Knowledge of the configuration and costs of community rehabilitation and support for people with long-term neurological conditions (LTNCs) is needed to inform future service development and resource allocation. In a multicentre prospective cohort study evaluating community service delivery during the year post-discharge from in-patient neuro-rehabilitation, a key objective was to determine service use, costs, and predictors of these costs.
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Development of a self-assessed consumer recovery outcome measure: my voice, my life.
Adm Policy Ment Health
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2013
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We report the development of a self-assessed consumer recovery outcome measure by way of a consumer led and focused iterative process, informed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. The process began with a deliberately over-inclusive preliminary measure of 127 items, based on 12 presumptive domains derived from the recovery literature and consumer consultation, being piloted with over 500 mental health consumers. The full 504 participant data set was randomly split into two discrete sets of 300 and 204 to provide one for the initial exploratory factor analysis and another (of independence) for the subsequent confirmatory factor analysis and reliability estimation. Analyses identified and confirmed (using the separate data sets) a robust factor structure, with 11 distinct and relatively independent factors (relationships; day-to-day life; culture; physical health; quality of life; mental health; recovery; hope and empowerment; spirituality; resources; and satisfaction with services) underlying one substantial principal construct (that we refer to as consumer recovery). The measure was refined to 65 items, between three and ten items for each of the 11 domains, the reliabilities for which are uniformly high.
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Music Therapy Assessment Tool for Awareness in Disorders of Consciousness (MATADOC): Standardisation of the principal subscale to assess awareness in patients with disorders of consciousness.
Neuropsychol Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 10-18-2013
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Establishing valid and reliable measures for use with patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) following profound brain injury is challenging due to a number of factors including the complex presentation of such patients and assessor variability. The auditory modality has been demonstrated to have greater sensitivity for detecting awareness in DOC patients. However, there are no measures developed to assess auditory responsiveness specifically. The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the principal subscale of a music therapy assessment tool (MATADOC) developed for use with adult DOC patients. The subscale assesses behavioural domains essential for diagnosis of awareness. Twenty-one adult patients were recruited from a specialist rehabilitation unit. In a prospective study with repeated measures, internal consistency, inter-rater and test-retest reliability and dimensionality were examined. The five-item scale showed satisfactory internal reliability (? = .76) and a strong first principal component. Corrected item-total correlations were all > .45. Inter-rater intra-class correlations (ICCs) ranged from 0.65-1.00 and intra-rater ICCs from 0.77-0.90. Rasch analysis confirmed these impressions of a reliable, unidimensional and homogenous scale. Diagnostic outcomes had 100% agreement with a validated external reference standard. The results indicate that the MATADOC principal subscale provides a new behavioural measure that can contribute to interdisciplinary assessment of awareness with DOC patients.
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The Neurological Impairment Scale: reliability and validity as a predictor of functional outcome in neurorehabilitation.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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Abstract Purpose: To examine the construct validity and inter-rater reliability of the Neurological Impairment Scale (NIS) and compare ratings by medical and multidisciplinary teams in a mixed neurorehabilitation sample. To assess its concurrent and predictive validity as a predictor of outcome and functional gains during inpatient rehabilitation. Methods: The NIS was rated in a consecutive cohort of patients (n?=?428) recruited from nine specialist neurorehabilitation units in London. Dimensionality and internal consistency were explored through principal components analysis with Varimax rotation. Inter-rater reliability and the relationship between NIS and functional outcome (UK Functional Assessment Measure (FIM?+?FAM)) were analysed in a sub-sample (n?=?94) from one centre. Results: Factor analysis identified two principal domains ("Physical" and "Cognitive") together accounting for 35% of the variance: their Cronbachs alpha values were 0.76 and 0.67, respectively. Inter-rater reliability was excellent for overall scores between doctors (ICC?=?0.95 (95% CI?=?0.91-0.97)) and acceptable between the medical and multidisciplinary team (ICC?=?0.92 (95% CI?=?0.88-0.95)). Change in NIS-physical score predicted 29% of the variance in functional gain (FIM?+?FAM change). Conclusion: These findings provide the first formal evidence for the validity and reliability of the NIS as a measure of neurological impairment for use in general neuro-rehabilitation settings. Its further application and exploration are now warranted. Implications for Rehabilitation The extent of neurological recovery occurring during rehabilitation can make an important contribution to functional gains. In order to interpret measurement of functional outcome, we need to be able to identify changes at the level of impairment. Many of the available tools to measure severity of impairment are condition specific. The Neurological Impairment Scale (NIS) was developed for use across a broad range of disabling conditions alongside the UK FIM+FAM. This first formal examination of its psychometric properties provides evidence for its scalability, reliability and validity. The NIS has potential to provide useful information for case-mix adjustment and as a predictor of functional gain in general neurorehabilitation settings.
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The minimal important difference of the Kings Brief Interstitial Lung Disease Questionnaire (K-BILD) and forced vital capacity in interstitial lung disease.
Respir Med
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2013
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Health status and forced vital capacity (FVC) are widely used outcome measures of interstitial lung disease (ILD) but there is a paucity of studies reporting the minimal clinically meaningful change in these parameters. A study was undertaken to assess the minimal important difference (MID) of an ILD specific health status questionnaire, the Kings Brief ILD questionnaire (K-BILD) and that of FVC in a range of ILDs. 57 patients with ILD (17 idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; IPF) completed the K-BILD (score range 0-100) at 2 separate clinic visits. Patients underwent spirometry at both visits. The MID was determined by a range of distribution methods (Standard error of mean: SEM and 0.3× Effect size: ES) and anchor based methods (objective: FVC and subjective: global rating of change questionnaires, GRCQ). The MID was derived by calculating an average of all methods. Health status was reduced at baseline in all patients, mean (SD) K-BILD total score 62(23). The average MID for K-BILD total score incorporating all methods was an 8 unit change (range 6-10). The average MID for FVC was a 6% change of baseline (range 4-7%). The K-BILD is a responsive patient reported outcome measure for patients with ILD. It can potentially be used to assess patients in the clinic and evaluate the response to therapy. The MID of the K-BILD total score is 8 units. The MID for FVC for a range of ILDs was 6%, similar to that reported recently for patients with IPF. Our findings will facilitate the clinical interpretation of health status and FVC data in ILD.
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Initial psychometric evaluation of the Arm Activity Measure (ArmA): a measure of activity in the hemiparetic arm.
Clin Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 02-20-2013
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To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arm Activity Measure (ArmA), a patient-reported measure of active and passive function in the paretic upper limb.
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A comprehensive psychometric evaluation of the UK FIM?+?FAM.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 02-05-2013
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To evaluate the psychometric properties of the UK FIM?+?FAM.
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Examination of outcome after mild traumatic brain injury: the contribution of injury beliefs and Leventhals common sense model.
Neuropsychol Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2013
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Associations between components of Leventhals common sense model of health behaviour (injury beliefs, coping, distress) and outcome after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) were examined. Participants (n?=?147) were recruited within three months following MTBI and assessed six months later, completing study questionnaires at both visits (Illness Perceptions Questionnaire Revised, Brief COPE, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). Outcome measures included the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire and Rivermead Head Injury Follow-Up Questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate (logistic regression) analyses examined associations between injury beliefs, coping and distress at baseline, and later outcome. Participants endorsing stronger injury identity beliefs (p?
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The Needs and Provision Complexity Scale: a multicentre prospective cohort analysis of met and unmet needs and their cost implications for patients with complex neurological disability.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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To provide a brief overview of the Needs and Provision Complexity Scale (NPCS) and report its first application to describe the level of met and unmet health/social care needs, and to estimate their costs in community-based patients with complex neurological disability.
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The Rehabilitation Complexity Scale--extended version: detection of patients with highly complex needs.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 11-24-2011
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To describe the extended Rehabilitation Complexity Scale (RCS-E) and its factor structure, and to determine whether it provides added value over the RCS-version 2 to identify patients with highly complex rehabilitation needs.
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Associations between illness perceptions, coping styles and outcome after mild traumatic brain injury: preliminary results from a cohort study.
Brain Inj
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2011
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The objective of this study was to examine associations between injury perceptions, coping, distress and outcome after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Design: A prospective observational study with repeated measures. This study reports results from the first of two study visits.
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The MVQOLI successfully captured quality of life in African palliative care: a factor analysis.
J Clin Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 04-06-2011
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To examine the factor structure of the Missoula Vitas Quality of Life Index (MVQOLI) in palliative care patients in South Africa and Uganda and to assess the tools appropriateness for measuring quality of life (QOL) in this context.
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Using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire to screen psychological distress from survivorship to end-of-life care: dimensionality and item quality.
Psychooncology
PUBLISHED: 03-25-2011
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This study aimed (i) to determine the factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) across the cancer trajectory represented by samples from three cancer care settings and (ii) to appraise the item misfit and differential item functioning (DIF) of the GHQ-12.
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A psychometric evaluation of measures of spirituality validated in culturally diverse palliative care populations.
J Pain Symptom Manage
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2011
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Despite the need to accurately measure spiritual outcomes in diverse palliative care populations, little attention has been paid to the properties of the tools currently in use.
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Factor structure of the brief COPE in people with mild traumatic brain injury.
J Head Trauma Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2011
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To investigate the factor structure and internal consistency of the Brief COPE, adapted for use with adults with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI).
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Navigating patient-centered goal setting in inpatient stroke rehabilitation: how clinicians control the process to meet perceived professional responsibilities.
Patient Educ Couns
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
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Patient-centered goal setting, while central to contemporary rehabilitation, has been associated with growing uncertainty regarding its application in clinical practice. We aimed to examine the application of goal setting in inpatient stroke rehabilitation.
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Psychometric evaluation of the Northwick Park Dependency Scale.
J Rehabil Med
PUBLISHED: 10-30-2010
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To examine the psychometric properties of the Northwick Park Dependency Scale (NPDS).
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An examination of the factor structure of the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire modified for adults with mild traumatic brain injury.
Brain Inj
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2010
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Factors influencing outcome after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) remain poorly understood. In other health conditions patient illness perceptions have been associated with outcome and have provided targets for effective interventions. These have not been systematically explored in MTBI and identifying reliable and valid measures of illness perceptions in MTBI is a first step before such concepts can be explored in clinical and research settings.
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Dignity, rights and capabilities in clinical rehabilitation.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2010
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The purpose of this article is to explore three concepts namely dignity, human rights and capabilities and to argue for their relevance in advancing the theory and practice of rehabilitation.
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Psychological well-being and quality of care: a factor-analytic examination of the palliative care outcome scale.
J Pain Symptom Manage
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2010
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The Palliative Care Outcome Scale (POS) is a widely used outcome measure in palliative care research, and has good psychometric properties. It has been used for clinical or research purposes in specialist cancer centers, nursing homes, day hospice units, and hospice settings in a growing number of countries. However, the POS has not yet been examined using factor analysis.
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Factor analysis and Rasch analysis of the Zarit Burden Interview for acquired brain injury carer research.
J Rehabil Med
PUBLISHED: 05-13-2010
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To examine the dimensionality of the Zarit Burden Interview in a sample of carers of adults with acquired brain injury.
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Human rights and rehabilitation outcomes.
Disabil Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 04-13-2010
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The aim of this article is to introduce rehabilitation professionals to the rapidly growing literature on human rights particularly as it relates to health and rehabilitation. The article aims to stimulate further discussion and debate concerning the place of human rights in rehabilitation practice.
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The Rehabilitation Complexity Scale version 2: a clinimetric evaluation in patients with severe complex neurodisability.
J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2009
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To evaluate the clinimetric properties of the Rehabilitation Complexity Scale (RCS) in a neurorehabilitation inpatient sample.
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Appraisals of intentional actions from three perspectives: Do they relate to paranoia.
Cogn Neuropsychiatry
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2009
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People often show a bias of attributing their own actions to more positive causes (e.g., generosity) than other persons actions. Models of paranoia suggest links between paranoia and negative construals of others intentions. Research on these biases has focused on causal attributions from two explainer perspectives, the agent (the person performing the action) and the object (the person being acted on), and has omitted the observer (third person) perspective.
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Areas of consensus and controversy about goal setting in rehabilitation: a conference report.
Clin Rehabil
PUBLISHED: 05-19-2009
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To consider clinical issues surrounding goal setting in neurological rehabilitation,and to identify priorities for future research.
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A systematic review of psychological treatments for mild traumatic brain injury: an update on the evidence.
J Clin Exp Neuropsychol
PUBLISHED: 04-09-2009
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Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is common and results in persisting disability for a minority of cases. Evidence guiding clinical management of this more complex group is lacking. This study systematically reviews psychological/neuropsychological treatments for adults with MTBI, with an emphasis on external validity. A total of 8 further studies were found adding to 10 from previous reviews. Although the methodological quality remains poor, mild supportive evidence was found for educational interventions provided early following injury. However, the routine provision of interventions for all MTBI cases may not be effective. Continuing and novel research efforts are needed to identify factors associated with poor outcomes to enable efficient targeting of healthcare resources.
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Goal planning for adults with acquired brain injury: how clinicians talk about involving family.
Brain Inj
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2009
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Although family involvement is frequently identified as a key element of successful rehabilitation, questions remain about how clinicians can best involve them. This study explored how clinicians talk about the involvement of families in goal-planning during rehabilitation of adults with acquired brain injury.
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An examination of the factor structure of the Beck Depression Inventory-II in a neurorehabilitation inpatient sample.
J Int Neuropsychol Soc
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2009
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The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) is widely used for assessing depression in neurorehabilitation. Given the concern that the somatic items might be misleading, we examined its factor structure in 353 inpatients. Exploratory factor analysis was undertaken to compare two- to five-factor solutions. Confirmatory factor analysis was then used to test the best exploratory solutions for goodness of fit on a subsample. Both provided strong support for a general depression factor and two specific factors, one somatic and one cognitive/affective. The BDI-II provides a meaningful score of overall depression, and it can also yield two subscores-one measuring somatic symptoms and the other measuring psychological symptoms of depression. To avoid confusing the common symptoms of neurological disability with depression in neurorehabilitation, clinicians need to consider all three scores carefully. (JINS, 2009, 15, 142-147.).
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The development and validation of the Kings Sarcoidosis Questionnaire for the assessment of health status.
Thorax
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Health status is impaired in patients with sarcoidosis. There is a paucity of tools that assess health status in sarcoidosis. The objective of this study was to develop and validate the Kings Sarcoidosis Questionnaire (KSQ), a new modular health status measure.
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What issues matter most to people with multiple myeloma and how well are we measuring them? A systematic review of quality of life tools.
Eur. J. Haematol.
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Treatment advances in multiple myeloma have increased expected survival from months to years for some patients. Alongside improved survival emerges a need to better understand and measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL), both in research and clinical settings.
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Meanings of happiness among two ethnic groups living with advanced cancer in south London: a qualitative study.
Psychooncology
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Happiness is a central component in quality of life but little is known about its meanings among people living with an advanced disease and those from diverse communities. This study explores and compares, for the first time, the centrality and interpretations of happiness across two cultural groups living with advanced cancer.
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The development and validation of the Kings Brief Interstitial Lung Disease (K-BILD) health status questionnaire.
Thorax
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Health status is impaired in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). There is a paucity of tools that assess health status in ILD. The objective of this study was to develop and validate the Kings Brief Interstitial Lung Disease questionnaire (K-BILD), a new health status measure for patients with ILD.
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The "Spirit 8" successfully captured spiritual well-being in African palliative care: factor and Rasch analysis.
J Clin Epidemiol
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To describe the dimensionality of a measure of spiritual well-being (SWB) (the "Spirit 8") in palliative care (PC) patients in South Africa and Uganda, and to determine SWB in this population.
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Core Dimensions of Recovery: A Psychometric Analysis.
Adm Policy Ment Health
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Core recovery dimensions lie between the large general factor of recovery and its underlying components. Identifying these could enhance recovery frameworks, practice and research. In contrast to existing conceptually based taxonomies, we sought to empirically identify the core dimensions of recovery through further psychometric analysis of a robust eleven factor (sub-scale) consumer recovery outcome measure, My Voice, My Life. We subjected the sub-scale scores of 504 consumers to further principal components analyses, beginning with a single unrotated factor and progressing through two to nine factors with varimax rotation. We found the five-factor solution to provide an orderly intermediate configuration with the eleven recovery factors having either aligned and/or disengaged through the process to result in the following core dimensions: (1) Belonging and relating (encompassing the individual factors of spirituality, culture, and relationships); (2) Being and doing (encompassing the individual factors of physical health, day-to-day life, and quality of life); (3) Thinking and feeling (encompassing the individual factors of recovery, mental health, and hope and empowerment); (4) Resources (which maintained its independence); and (5) Satisfaction with Services (which also maintained its independence). We compare this empirical configuration with conceptually based taxonomies.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.