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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Shornephine A: structure, chemical stability, and P-glycoprotein inhibitory properties of a rare diketomorpholine from an Australian marine-derived Aspergillus sp.
J. Org. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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Chemical analysis of an Australian marine sediment-derived Aspergillus sp. (CMB-M081F) yielded the new diketomorpholine (DKM) shornephine A (1) together with two known and one new diketopiperazine (DKP), 15b-?-hydroxy-5-N-acetyladreemin (2), 5-N-acetyladreemin (3), and 15b-?-methoxy-5-N-acetyladreemin (4), respectively. Structure elucidation of 1-4 was achieved by detailed spectroscopic analysis, supported by chemical degradation and derivatization, and biosynthetic considerations. The DKM (1) underwent a facile (auto) acid-mediated methanolysis to yield seco-shornephine A methyl ester (1a). Our mechanistic explanation of this transformation prompted us to demonstrate that the acid-labile and solvolytically unstable DKM scaffold can be stabilized by N-alkylation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that at 20 ?M shornephine A (1) is a noncytotoxic inhibitor of P-glycoprotein-mediated drug efflux in multidrug-resistant human colon cancer cells.
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Mollemycin A: an antimalarial and antibacterial glyco-hexadepsipeptide-polyketide from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp. (CMB-M0244).
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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A marine-derived Streptomyces sp. (CMB-M0244) isolated from a sediment collected off South Molle Island, Queensland, produced mollemycin A (1) as a new first in class glyco-hexadepsipeptide-polyketide. The structure of 1 was assigned by detailed spectroscopic analysis, supported by chemical derivatization and degradation, and C3 Marfey's analysis. Mollemycin A (1) exhibits exceptionally potent and selective growth inhibitory activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria (IC50 10-50 nM) and drug-sensitive (3D7; IC50 7 nM) and multidrug-resistant (Dd2; IC50 9 nM) clones of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum.
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Oleaceran: a novel spiro[isobenzofuran-1,2-naptho[1,8-bc]furan] isolated from a terrestrial Streptomyces sp.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2013
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Chemical analysis of a terrestrial-derived Streptomyces sp. Lv20-195 cultivated from the root zone of Olea europea yielded oleaceran, 1, possessing a novel spiro[isobenzofuran-1,2-naptho[1,8-b,c]furan] carbon skeleton. The structure of 1 was determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis.
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Nocardioazines: a novel bridged diketopiperazine scaffold from a marine-derived bacterium inhibits P-glycoprotein.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 04-22-2011
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An Australian marine sediment-derived isolate, Nocardiopsis sp. (CMB-M0232), yielded a new class of prenylated diketopiperazine, indicative of the action of a uniquely regioselective diketopiperazine indole prenyltransferase. The bridged scaffold of nocardioazine A proved to be a noncytotoxic inhibitor of the membrane protein efflux pump P-glycoprotein, reversing doxorubicin resistance in a multidrug resistant colon cancer cell.
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Fijimycins A-C, three antibacterial etamycin-class depsipeptides from a marine-derived Streptomyces sp.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2011
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Three new depsipeptides, fijimycins A-C (1-3), together with the known etamycin A (4), were isolated and identified from the fermentation broth of strain CNS-575, a Streptomyces sp. cultured from a marine sediment sample collected off Nasese, Fiji. The planar structures of the new fijimycins were assigned by combined interpretation of NMR and MS/MS spectroscopic data. These assignments were complicated by the fact that 1-3 occurred as complex amide conformational mixtures. The absolute configurations of the component amino acids were established using the Marfeys method. Fijimycins A-C, and etamycin A, were shown to possess significant in vitro antibacterial activity against three methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains with MIC(100) values between 4 and 16 ?g mL(-1).
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Heronapyrroles A-C: farnesylated 2-nitropyrroles from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2010
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Chemical analysis of a marine-derived Streptomyces sp. (CMB-M0423) isolated from beach sand off Heron Island, Australia, yielded three new members of the rare pyrroloterpene biosynthetic structure class. Identified by detailed spectroscopic analysis as the first reported examples of naturally occurring 2-nitropyrroles, heronapyrroles A-C (1-3) displayed promising biological activity-with low to submicromolar IC(50) activity against Gram-positive bacteria but no cytotoxicity toward mammalian cell lines.
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Heronamides A-C, new polyketide macrolactams from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp. A biosynthetic case for synchronized tandem electrocyclization.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2010
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A Streptomyces sp. isolated from a shallow water sediment sample collected off Heron Island, Australia, afforded three new polyketide macrolactams, heronamides A-C (1-3). Structures were assigned to the heronamides on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis, chemical derivatization and biosynthetic considerations. A plausible biosynthetic pathway is proposed in which key carbocyclic ring transformations proceed via an unprecedented synchronized tandem electrocyclization. This biosynthesis provides a framework for the assignment of complete relative configurations across all heronamides, and inspires an attractive biomimetic strategy for future total syntheses. Heronamide C elicits a dramatic and reversible non-cytotoxic effect on mammalian cell morphology.
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Nocardiopsins: new FKBP12-binding macrolide polyketides from an Australian marine-derived actinomycete, Nocardiopsis sp.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2010
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A marine-derived actinomycete, Nocardiopsis sp. (CMB-M0232), obtained from a sediment sample collected at a depth of 55 m off the coast of Brisbane, Australia, yielded two new macrolide polyketides. Structures for nocardiopsins A and B were assigned by detailed spectroscopic analysis, degradation and chemical derivatization. A Marfeys analysis revealed an unexpected acid-mediated partial racemization of the L-pipecolic acid incorporated within the nocardiopsins. The scope of this racemization was assessed against a selection of natural and synthetic N-acyl pipecolic acids. While the nocardiopsins are not antibacterial, antifungal or cytotoxic, they do exhibit low-micromolar binding to the immunophilin FKBP12, consistent with their structural and biosynthetic relationship to the immunosuppressive agents FK506 and rapamycin. The nocardiopsins represent a new point of entry into what has been a valuable, exclusive and reclusive region of bioactive chemical space--that surrounding the FK506/rapamycin pharmacophore.
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Naseseazines A and B: a new dimeric diketopiperazine framework from a marine-derived actinomycete, Streptomyces sp.
Org. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-07-2009
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Chemical analysis of a Streptomyces sp. (CMB-MQ030) isolated from a Fijian marine sediment yielded two new diketopiperazines, naseseazines A and B (1, 2), featuring a new dimeric framework. Structures were determined by detailed spectroscopic analysis and C(3) Marfeys analysis.
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Juniperolide A: a new polyketide isolated from a terrestrial actinomycete, Streptomyces sp.
Org. Lett.
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A new linear polyketide, juniperolide A (1), was produced by the terrestrial actinomycete (Lv1-48) isolated from the rhizosphere of the plant Juniperus excelsa. The juniperolide A (1) structure contains a THP unit and a 3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxyhexose as the glycosidic moiety. Moshers analysis was used for absolute stereochemistry determinations at C-2, C-8, C-20, and C-4, while the relative stereochemistry assignments of the remaining stereocenters were based on ROESY correlations and J-based coupling.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.