Objective. We report a rare case of Ewings sarcoma of the zygomatic arch presenting in a 69-year-old patient. Method. Case report and a review of the world literature on Ewings sarcoma incidence and management. Results. Ewings sarcoma is a malignant round cell tumour of neuroectodermal origin that typically presents in the pelvis and long bones of children and adolescent boys. This report is the first to document the presentation of ewings sarcoma of the zygomatic arch in a 69-year-old lady. Our patient underwent surgical excision and radiotherapy and at 4-year followup has no signs of recurrence or metastasis. Conclusion. To our knowledge this is the first case report to document Ewings sarcoma of this location in a 69-year-old patient. This case report highlights the importance of diagnostic investigations in Ewings sarcoma and discusses the management issues that this rare presentation raises.
We applied an innovation framework to sustainable livestock development research projects in Africa and Asia. The focus of these projects ranged from pastoral systems to poverty and ecosystems services mapping to market access by the poor to fodder and natural resource management to livestock parasite drug resistance. We found that these projects closed gaps between knowledge and action by combining different kinds of knowledge, learning, and boundary spanning approaches; by providing all partners with the same opportunities; and by building the capacity of all partners to innovate and communicate.
Extraosseous manifestations of osteoclast-like giant cell tumors (OGCTs) in soft tissue are unusual, especially in the breast. However, multinucleated osteoclast-like giant cells have been described in association with epithelial malignancy, as a variant of breast carcinoma. We report a case of OGCT of the soft tissue of the breast, not associated with epithelial elements. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second such case reported.
Biodiversity in rangelands is decreasing, due to intense utilization for livestock production and conversion of rangeland into cropland; yet the outlook of rangeland biodiversity has not been considered in view of future global demand for food. Here we assess the impact of future livestock production on the global rangelands area and their biodiversity. First we formalized existing knowledge about livestock grazing impacts on biodiversity, expressed in mean species abundance (MSA) of the original rangeland native species assemblages, through metaanalysis of peer-reviewed literature. MSA values, ranging from 1 in natural rangelands to 0.3 in man-made grasslands, were entered in the IMAGE-GLOBIO model. This model was used to assess the impact of change in food demand and livestock production on future rangeland biodiversity. The model revealed remarkable regional variation in impact on rangeland area and MSA between two agricultural production scenarios. The area of used rangelands slightly increases globally between 2000 and 2050 in the baseline scenario and reduces under a scenario of enhanced uptake of resource-efficient production technologies increasing production [high levels of agricultural knowledge, science, and technology (high-AKST)], particularly in Africa. Both scenarios suggest a global decrease in MSA for rangelands until 2050. The contribution of livestock grazing to MSA loss is, however, expected to diminish after 2030, in particular in Africa under the high-AKST scenario. Policies fostering agricultural intensification can reduce the overall pressure on rangeland biodiversity, but additional measures, addressing factors such as climate change and infrastructural development, are necessary to totally halt biodiversity loss.
Persistent thrombocytopenia after stem cell transplantation can lead to increased morbidity and mortality [1,2]. The underlying causes are often multifactorial in this patient population [3,4]. In autologous transplantation, thrombocytopenia is usually a result of poor engraftment or a sign of impending disease relapse. In allogeneic stem cell transplantation, the etiology is often more complex with engraftment deficits, medication effects, graft versus host disease (GVHD), and other immunologic processes potentially contributing. Eltrombopag is an orally available nonpeptide thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist which interacts with the transmembrane domain of the receptor on bone marrow megakaryocytes and upstream progenitor/stem cells. It has been studied in patients with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura  and in patients with thrombocytopenia secondary to hepatitis C infection . Unlike the case with recombinant human TPO, its use has not been associated with anti-platelet antibody production . We report two cases of post-transplantation thrombocytopenia, one allogeneic and one autologous, where eltrombopag was given to treat prolonged thrombocytopenia. The use of eltrombopag in these two cases was effective in elevating platelet counts to levels that eliminated the need for platelet transfusions.
An 82-cm fragment of nasogastric tube was removed from the stomach of an adult horse under standing sedation by use of an endoscope and electrocautery snare. This is the first report of successful non-surgical removal of a nasogastric tube fragment from the stomach of a horse.
To review records of 14 patients with aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) of the spine.
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