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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Serum uric acid levels are associated with hypertension and metabolic syndrome but not atherosclerosis in Chinese inpatients with type 2 diabetes.
J. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2014
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Serum uric acid (SUA) is associated with many cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension (HTN) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the association of SUA with atherosclerosis remains controversial. Our aim was to investigate the relationships of SUA with HTN, MetS and atherosclerosis in Chinese inpatients with type 2 diabetes.
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A compensation method for the full phase retardance nonuniformity in phase-only liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulators.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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A simple and efficient compensation method for the full correction of both the anisotropic and isotropic nonuniformity of the light phase retardance in a liquid crystal (LC) layer is presented. This is achieved by accurate measurement of the spatial variation of the LC layer's thickness with the help of a calibrated liquid crystal wedge, rather than solely relying on the light intensity profile recorded using two crossed polarizers. Local phase retardance as a function of the applied voltage is calculated with its LC thickness and a set of reference data measured from the intensity of the reflected light using two crossed polarizers. Compensation of the corresponding phase nonuniformity is realized by applying adjusted local voltage signals for different grey levels. To demonstrate its effectiveness, the proposed method is applied to improve the performance of a phase-only liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) spatial light modulator (SLM). The power of the first diffraction order measured with the binary phase gratings compensated by this method is compared with that compensated by the conventional crossed-polarizer method. The results show that the phase compensation method proposed here can increase the dynamic range of the first order diffraction power significantly from 15~21 dB to over 38 dB, while the crossed-polarizer method can only increase it to 23 dB.
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Nidogen-1: a candidate biomarker for ovarian serous cancer.
Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 11-08-2014
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Effective biomarkers for early detection of ovarian cancer are needed. Our study previously showed that basement membrane protein, nidogen-1 plasma level was significantly increased in ovarian cancer patients. This study aimed to examine the plasma levels of nidogen-1 in a large patient population to evaluate its effectiveness in ovarian serous carcinoma and expression in tumor tissues.
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[Adult Sturge-Weber syndrome without facial hemangioma?report of one case].
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2014
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Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is characterized by angiomas affecting the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve, epilepsy, intellectual impairment, hemiplegia and glaucoma. We report a patient who developed SWS without facial hemangioma (SWS type ?) in his adulthood. The patient presented with repeated episodes of headache since age 37 year. He manifested first attack of seizure at the age 47 year followed by aphasia and right upper limb palsy. Brain CT scan revealed right parietal-occipital calcification, brain CT angiography showed right temporal lobe and occipital lobe vascular malformation, and MRI showed leptomeningeal enhancement in the riht cerebral piamater. The seizure was controlled with antiepileptic drugs and reviewed in routine follow up.
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[Effects of TIEG1 on K562 Cell Apoptosis and Expression of BCL-2/BAX, PTEN].
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TIEG1 on K562 cell apoptosis and expression of BCL-2/BAX, PTEN. The different concentration(0, 1, 5, 10, 20 ng/ml) of TIEG1 were used to treat K562 cells, the cell growth inhibition rate was detected by using MTT method. After treating K562 cells with 10.00 ng/ml TIEG1, the cell apoptosis was detected with flow cytometry. The RT-PCR was used to detected the expression levels of BCL-2 /BAX and PTEN. The results showed that TIEG1 displays inhibitory effect on proliferation of K562 cells in time-and dose-dependent manner (r = 0.52, P < 0.05) ; after K562 cells were treated for 6, 12, 24 and 48 h, the IC50 of TIEG1 were 48.19, 18.72, 9.5 and 3.85 ng/ml respectively. After treating K562 cells with 10.00 ng/ml TIEG1 for 0, 6, 12, 24, 48 h, the apoptosis rate were (2.13 ± 0.42)%, (7.79 ± 0.71)%, (11.17 ± 1.37)%, (24.66 ± 0.29)% and (48.60 ± 1.38)% respectively, and there was significant difference between groups(P < 0.05). In process of K562 cell apoptosis, the expression level of BCL-2 gradually decreased (r = 0.48, P < 0.05), meanwhile the expression levels of BAX (r = 0.69, P < 0.05) and PTEN (r = 0.57, P < 0.05) gradually increased. It is concluded that TIEG1 can indue apoptosis of K562 cells and inhibit K562 cell proliferation in time-and dose-dependent manner. In apoptosis process of K562 cells induced by TIEG1, the expression changes of BCL-2/BAX and PTEN associate with the K562 cell apoptosis.
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Involvement of microRNA-24 and DNA Methylation in Resistance of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma to Ionizing Radiation.
Mol. Cancer Ther.
PUBLISHED: 10-15-2014
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant tumor originating in the epithelium. Radiotherapy is the standard therapy, but tumor resistance to this treatment reduces the 5-year patient survival rate dramatically. Studies are urgently needed to elucidate the mechanism of NPC radioresistance. Epigenetics-particularly microRNAs (miRNA) and DNA methylation-plays an important role in carcinogenesis and oncotherapy. We used qRT-PCR analysis and identified an miRNA signature from differentially expressed miRNAs. Our objectives were to identify the role of miR24 in NPC tumorigenesis and radioresistance and to identify the mechanisms by which miR24 is regulated. We found that miR24 inhibited NPC cell growth, promoted cell apoptosis, and suppressed the growth of NPC xenografts. We showed that miR24 was significantly downregulated in recurrent NPC tissues. When combined with irradiation, miR24 acted as a radiosensitizer in NPC cells. One of the miR24 precursors was embedded in a CpG island. Aberrant DNA methylation was involved in NPC response to radiotherapy, which linked inactivation of miR24 through hypermethylation of its precursor promoter with NPC radioresistance. Treating NPC cells with the DNA-hypomethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine compensated for the reduced miR24 expression. Together, our findings showed that miR24 was negatively regulated by hypermethylation of its precursor promoter in NPC radioresistance. Our findings defined a central role for miR24 as a tumor-suppressive miRNA in NPC and suggested its use in novel strategies for treatment of this cancer. Mol Cancer Ther; 1-12. ©2014 AACR.
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Cardiac Remodeling in Response to 1 Year of Intensive Endurance Training.
Circulation
PUBLISHED: 10-05-2014
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-It is unclear if, and to what extent, the striking cardiac morphologic manifestations of endurance athletes are a result of exercise training or a genetically determined characteristic of talented athletes. We hypothesized that prolonged and intensive endurance training in previously sedentary healthy young individuals could induce cardiac remodeling similar to that observed cross-sectionally in elite endurance athletes.
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[Calreticulin-induced mitochondrial injury: a novel mechanism of cardiac hypertrophy].
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2014
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To observe the effect of angiotensin II (Ang II) on calreticulin (CRT) expression and its association with mitochondrial dysfunction in cardiomyocytes.
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Hybrid membranes of metal-organic molecule nanocages for aromatic/aliphatic hydrocarbon separation by pervaporation.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 09-27-2014
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Hybrid membranes composed of porous metal-organic molecule nanocages as fillers embedded in a hyperbranched polymer (Boltorn W3000) were fabricated, which exhibit excellent pervaporation separation performances towards aromatic/aliphatic hydrocarbons. The unique nature of the molecule-based fillers and their good dispersion and compatibility in/with the polymer are responsible for the good membrane properties.
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HTR2C polymorphisms, olanzapine-induced weight gain and antipsychotic-induced metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia patients: A meta-analysis.
Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Abstract Objective. To conduct meta-analyses of all published association studies on the HTR2C -759C/T (rs3813829) polymorphism and olanzapine-induced weight gain in schizophrenia patients and on the HTR2C -759C/T, -697G/C (rs518147) and rs1414334:C> G polymorphisms and olanzapine/clozapine/risperidone-induced metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia patients. Methods. Eligible studies were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science databases. Meta-analyses were performed using Cochrane Review Manager (RevMan, version 5.2) to calculate the pooled odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). Results. Our meta-analyses revealed both a significant positive association between the rs1414334 C allele and olanzapine/clozapine/risperidone-induced metabolic syndrome and a marginally significant positive association between the -697C allele and the induced metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia patients, but no significant association between the -759C/T polymorphism and the induced metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia patients. Our analysis further revealed a pronounced trend toward a significant negative association between the -759T allele and high olanzapine-induced weight gain and a trend toward a significant positive association between the -759C allele and high olanzapine-induced weight gain in Caucasian schizophrenia patients. Conclusions. Our results support that HTR2C polymorphisms play a role in antipsychotic-induced metabolic disturbance. More association studies are needed to further elucidate association of different HTR2C polymorphisms and antipsychotic-induced metabolic disturbance.
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[Analysis of three-dimensional fluorescence overlapping spectra using nonnegative matrix factorization].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 09-12-2014
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The present paper primarily tests and verifies the effect of NMF in blind source separation of three-dimensional simulative fluorescence spectra, and then four different computational algorithms (multiplicative iterative; alternating least square; second order method; projected gradient algorithm) were used in three practical phenolic compounds (cresol, phenol, thymol) overlapping fluorescence spectra to find out which nonnegatively constrained algorithms is the most efficient for fluorescence spectra unmixing. The experiments demonstrate that four ways have the normalized residuals below 0.06%, and alternating least square (ALS) is the best at both convergence behavior and robustness.
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Disulfide bond bridge insertion turns hydrophobic anticancer prodrugs into self-assembled nanomedicines.
Nano Lett.
PUBLISHED: 09-07-2014
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It is commonly observed that hydrophobic molecules alone cannot self-assemble into stable nanoparticles, requiring amphiphilic or ionic materials to support nanoparticle stability and function in vivo. We report herein newly self-assembled nanomedicines through entirely different mechanisms. We present proof-of-concept methodology and results in support of our hypothesis that disulfide-induced nanomedicines (DSINMs) are promoted and stabilized by the insertion of a single disulfide bond into hydrophobic molecules, in order to balance the competition between intermolecular forces involved in the self-assembly of nanomedicines. This hypothesis has been explored through diverse synthetic compounds, which include four first-line chemotherapy drugs (paclitaxel, doxorubicin, fluorouracil, and gemcitabine), two small-molecule natural products and their derivatives, as well as a fluorescent probe. Such an unprecedented and highly reproducible system has the potential to serve as a synthetic platform for a wide array of safe and effective therapeutic and diagnostic nanomedicine strategies.
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Genome-wide association meta-analysis identifies novel variants associated with fasting plasma glucose in East Asians.
Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2014
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Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) has been recognized as an important indicator for the overall glycemic state preceding the onset of metabolic diseases. Most genome-wide association loci for FPG so far been identified were derived from populations with European ancestry with a few exceptions. To extend a thorough catalog for FPG loci, we conducted meta-analyses of 13 genome-wide association studies in up to 24,740 non-diabetic subjects with East Asian ancestry. Follow-up replication analyses in up to additional 21,345 participants identified three new FPG loci reaching genome-wide significance in or near PDK1-RAPGEF4, KANK1 and IGF1R. Our results could provide additional insight into the genetic variation implicated in fasting glucose regulation.
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Diagnosis of 25 genotypes of human papillomaviruses for their physical statuses in cervical precancerous/cancerous lesions: a comparison of E2/E6E7 ratio-based vs. multiple E1-L1/E6E7 ratio-based detection techniques.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2014
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BackgroundCervical lesions caused by integrated human papillomavirus (HPV) infection are highly dangerous because they can quickly develop into invasive cancers. However, clinicians are currently hampered by the lack of a quick, convenient and precise technique to detect integrated/mixed infections of various genotypes of HPVs in the cervix. This study aimed to develop a practical tool to determine the physical status of different HPVs and evaluate its clinical significance.MethodsThe target population comprised 1162 women with an HPV infection history of¿>¿six months and an abnormal cervical cytological finding. The multiple E1-L1/E6E7 ratio analysis, a novel technique, was developed based on determining the ratios of E1/E6E7, E2/E6E7, E4E5/E6E7, L2/E6E7 and L1/E6E7 within the viral genome. Any imbalanced ratios indicate integration. Its diagnostic and predictive performances were compared with those of E2/E6E7 ratio analysis. The detection accuracy of both techniques was evaluated using the gold-standard technique ¿detection of integrated papillomavirus sequences¿ (DIPS). To realize a multigenotypic detection goal, a primer and probe library was established.ResultsThe integration rate of a particular genotype of HPV was correlated with its tumorigenic potential and women with higher lesion grades often carried lower viral loads. The E1-L1/E6E7 ratio analysis achieved 92.7% sensitivity and 99.0% specificity in detecting HPV integration, while the E2/E6E7 ratio analysis showed a much lower sensitivity (75.6%) and a similar specificity (99.3%). Interference due to episomal copies was observed in both techniques, leading to false-negative results. However, some positive results of E1-L1/E6E7 ratio analysis were missed by DIPS due to its stochastic detection nature. The E1-L1/E6E7 ratio analysis is more efficient than E2/E6E7 ratio analysis and DIPS in predicting precancerous/cancerous lesions, in which both positive predictive values (36.7%-82.3%) and negative predictive values (75.9%-100%) were highest (based on the results of three rounds of biopsies).ConclusionsThe multiple E1-L1/E6E7 ratio analysis is more sensitive and predictive than E2/E6E7 ratio analysis as a triage test for detecting HPV integration. It can effectively narrow the range of candidates for colposcopic examination and cervical biopsy, thereby lowering the expense of cervical cancer prevention.
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[Protective effect of sesamin against myocardial injury induced by cadmium chloride in rats].
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-30-2014
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To investigate the protective effect of sesamin against cadmium chloride (CdCl2)-induced cardiotoxicity in rats.
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Cerebral vasomotor reactivity: steady-state versus transient changes in carbon dioxide tension.
Exp. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2014
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Cerebral vasomotor reactivity (CVMR) to changes in arterial carbon dioxide tension (P aCO 2) is assessed during steady-state or transient changes in P aCO 2. This study tested the following two hypotheses: (i) that CVMR during steady-state changes differs from that during transient changes in P aCO 2; and (ii) that CVMR during rebreathing-induced hypercapnia would be blunted when preceded by a period of hyperventilation. For each hypothesis, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (P ET , CO 2) middle cerebral artery blood velocity (CBFV), cerebrovascular conductance index (CVCI; CBFV/mean arterial pressure) and CVMR (slope of the linear regression between changes in CBFV and CVCI versus P ET , CO 2) were assessed in eight individuals. To address the first hypothesis, measurements were made during the following two conditions (randomized): (i) steady-state increases in P ET , CO 2 of 5 and 10 Torr above baseline; and (ii) rebreathing-induced transient breath-by-breath increases in P ET , CO 2. The linear regression for CBFV versus P ET , CO 2 (P = 0.65) and CVCI versus P ET , CO 2 (P = 0.44) was similar between methods; however, individual variability in CBFV or CVCI responses existed among subjects. To address the second hypothesis, the same measurements were made during the following two conditions (randomized): (i) immediately following a brief period of hypocapnia induced by hyperventilation for 1 min followed by rebreathing; and (ii) during rebreathing only. The slope of the linear regression for CBFV versus P ET , CO 2 (P < 0.01) and CVCI versus P ET , CO 2 (P < 0.01) was reduced during hyperventilation plus rebreathing relative to rebreathing only. These results indicate that cerebral vasomotor reactivity to changes in P aCO 2 is similar regardless of the employed methodology to induce changes in P aCO 2 and that hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia attenuates the cerebral vasodilatory responses during a subsequent period of rebreathing-induced hypercapnia.
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The specific cleavage of lactone linkage to open-loop in cyclic lipopeptide during negative ESI tandem mass spectrometry: the hydrogen bond interaction effect of 4-ethyl guaiacol.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-21-2014
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Mass spectrometry is a valuable tool for the analysis and identification of chemical compounds, particularly proteins and peptides. Lichenysins G, the major cyclic lipopeptide of lichenysin, and the non-covalent complex of lichenysins G and 4-ethylguaiacol were investigated with negative ion ESI tandem mass spectrometry. The different fragmentation mechanisms for these compounds were investigated. Our study shows the 4-ethylguaiacol hydrogen bond with the carbonyl oxygen of the ester group in the loop of lichenysins G. With the help of this hydrogen bond interaction, the ring structure preferentially opens in lactone linkage rather than O-C bond of the ester-group to produce alcohol and ketene. Isothermal titration 1H-NMR analysis verified the hydrogen bond and determined the proportion of subject and ligand in the non-covalent complex to be 1?1. Theoretical calculations also suggest that the addition of the ligand can affect the energy of the transition structures (TS) during loop opening.
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Multifrequency excitation method for rapid and accurate dynamic test of micromachined gyroscope chips.
Sensors (Basel)
PUBLISHED: 08-18-2014
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A novel multifrequency excitation (MFE) method is proposed to realize rapid and accurate dynamic testing of micromachined gyroscope chips. Compared with the traditional sweep-frequency excitation (SFE) method, the computational time for testing one chip under four modes at a 1-Hz frequency resolution and 600-Hz bandwidth was dramatically reduced from 10 min to 6 s. A multifrequency signal with an equal amplitude and initial linear-phase-difference distribution was generated to ensure test repeatability and accuracy. The current test system based on LabVIEW using the SFE method was modified to use the MFE method without any hardware changes. The experimental results verified that the MFE method can be an ideal solution for large-scale dynamic testing of gyroscope chips and gyroscopes.
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Evaluation of mobile phase characteristics on three zwitterionic columns in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography mode for liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry based untargeted metabolite profiling of Leishmania parasites.
J Chromatogr A
PUBLISHED: 08-17-2014
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It has been reported that HILIC column chemistry has a great effect on the number of detected metabolites in LC-HRMS-based untargeted metabolite profiling studies. However, no systematic investigation has been carried out with regard to the optimisation of mobile phase characteristics. In this study using 223 metabolite standards, we explored the retention mechanisms on three zwitterionic columns with varied mobile phase composition, demonstrated the interference from poor chromatographic peak shapes on the output of data extraction, and assessed the quality of chromatographic signals and the separation of isomers under each LC condition. As expected, on the ZIC-cHILIC column the acidic metabolites showed improved chromatographic performance at low pH which can be attributed to the opposite arrangement of the permanently charged groups on this column in comparison with the ZIC-HILIC column. Using extracts from the protozoan parasite Leishmania, we compared the numbers of repeatedly detected LC-HRMS features under different LC conditions with putative identification of metabolites not amongst the standards being based on accurate mass (±3ppm). Besides column chemistry, the pH of the mobile phase plays a key role in not only determining the retention mechanisms of solutes but also the output of the LC-HRMS data processing. Fast evaporation of ammonium carbonate produced less ion suppression in ESI source and consequently improved the detectability of the metabolites in low abundance in comparison with other ammonium salts. Our results show that the combination of a ZIC-pHILIC column with an ammonium carbonate mobile phase, pH 9.2, at 20mM in the aqueous phase or 10mM in both aqueous and organic mobile phase components, provided the most suitable LC conditions for LC-HRMS-based untargeted metabolite profiling of Leishmania parasite extracts. The signal reliability of the mass spectrometer used in this study (Exactive Orbitrap) was also investigated.
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Changes of TGF-?2, MMP-2, and TIMP-2 levels in the vitreous of patients with high myopia.
Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2014
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To investigate the concentrations of transforming growth factor (TGF)-?2, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-2 in the vitreous of patients with high myopia.
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Association of Toll-like Receptor 4?Gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Chinese population.
J Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays an important role in innate immunity. Activation of innate immune response and subsequent chronic low-grade inflammation are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the association of TLR4 variants with type 2 diabetes in the Chinese population.
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Lichenysin, a cyclooctapeptide occurring in Chinese liquor jiannanchun reduced the headspace concentration of phenolic off-flavors via hydrogen-bond interactions.
J. Agric. Food Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-08-2014
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Nonvolatile compounds play important roles in the quality of alcoholic beverages. In our previous work, a type of cyclooctapeptide lichenysin was newly identified in Chinese strong-aroma type liquor. In this work, it was found that lichenysin could selectively affect aroma volatility in strong-aroma type (Jiannanchun) liquor. Interaction of lichenysin and volatile phenolic compounds (off-odors in strong-aroma type liquor) was characterized using headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). HS-SPME results indicated that lichenysin very efficiently suppressed the volatility of phenolic compounds by 36-48% (P < 0.05). Thermodynamic analysis showed that the binding process was mainly mediated by hydrogen bonding. Furthermore, the mixture of lichenysin and 4-ethylguaiacol revealed intermolecular cross peaks between the aH (Val) of lichenysin and the 1H of 4-ethylguaiacol, by using nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy. This study will help to further understand the interaction mechanisms between flavor and nonvolatile matrix components in Chinese liquors.
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A modified method for locating parapharyngeal space neoplasms on magnetic resonance images: implications for differential diagnosis.
Chin J Cancer
PUBLISHED: 08-05-2014
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The parapharyngeal space (PPS) is an inverted pyramid-shaped deep space in the head and neck region, and a variety of tumors, such as salivary gland tumors, neurogenic tumors, nasopharyngeal carcinomas with parapharyngeal invasion, and lymphomas, can be found in this space. The differential diagnosis of PPS tumors remains challenging for radiologists. This study aimed to develop and test a modified method for locating PPS tumors on magnetic resonance (MR) images to improve preoperative differential diagnosis. The new protocol divided the PPS into three compartments: a prestyloid compartment, the carotid sheath, and the areas outside the carotid sheath. PPS tumors were located in these compartments according to the displacements of the tensor veli palatini muscle and the styloid process, with or without blood vessel separations and medial pterygoid invasion. This protocol, as well as a more conventional protocol that is based on displacements of the internal carotid artery (ICA), was used to assess MR images captured from a series of 58 PPS tumors. The consequent distributions of PPS tumor locations determined by both methods were compared. Of all 58 tumors, our new method determined that 57 could be assigned to precise PPS compartments. Nearly all (13/14; 93%) tumors that were located in the pre-styloid compartment were salivary gland tumors. All 15 tumors within the carotid sheath were neurogenic tumors. The vast majority (18/20; 90%) of trans-spatial lesions were malignancies. However, according to the ICA-based method, 28 tumors were located in the pre-styloid compartment, and 24 were located in the post-styloid compartment, leaving 6 tumors that were difficult to locate. Lesions located in both the pre-styloid and the post-styloid compartments comprised various types of tumors. Compared with the conventional ICA-based method, our new method can help radiologists to narrow the differential diagnosis of PPS tumors to specific compartments.
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Diallyl disulfide induces G2/M arrest and promotes apoptosis through the p53/p21 and MEK-ERK pathways in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.
Oncol. Rep.
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2014
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Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is an aggressive tumor with high incidence and mortality worldwide. Diallyl disulfide (DADS) is a natural organosulfur compound, isolated from garlic. In this study, MTT assay showed that DADS significantly reduced cell viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner in ESCC cells, with lower toxicity in normal liver cells. Cell cycle analysis revealed that DADS made G2/M phase arrest. Molecular analysis suggested that this cell cycle arrest was likely made by the decrease of cyclin B1, cdc2, p-cdc2, cdc25c in concomitance with activation of the p53/p21 pathway. Apoptosis was detected by Annexin V/PI staining. The molecule markers showed that DADS induced apoptosis through activating caspases, altering the Bax/Bcl-2 balance and suppressing the MEK-ERK pathway. Our data indicated that DADS has the potential to be an effective and safe anticancer agent for ESCC therapy in the near future.
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Structural determinants for binding of sorting nexin 17 (SNX17) to the cytoplasmic adaptor protein Krev interaction trapped 1 (KRIT1).
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-24-2014
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Sorting nexin 17 (SNX17) is a member of the family of cytoplasmic sorting nexin adaptor proteins that regulate endosomal trafficking of cell surface proteins. SNX17 localizes to early endosomes where it directly binds NPX(Y/F) motifs in the cytoplasmic tails of its target receptors to mediate their rates of endocytic internalization, recycling, and/or degradation. SNX17 has also been implicated in mediating cell signaling and can interact with cytoplasmic proteins. KRIT1 (Krev interaction trapped 1), a cytoplasmic adaptor protein associated with cerebral cavernous malformations, has previously been shown to interact with SNX17. Here, we demonstrate that SNX17 indeed binds directly to KRIT1 and map the binding to the second Asn-Pro-Xaa-Tyr/Phe (NPX(Y/F)) motif in KRIT1. We further characterize the interaction as being mediated by the FERM domain of SNX17. We present the co-crystal structure of SNX17-FERM with the KRIT1-NPXF2 peptide to 3.0 Å resolution and demonstrate that the interaction is highly similar in structure and binding affinity to that between SNX17 and P-selectin. We verify the molecular details of the interaction by site-directed mutagenesis and pulldown assay and thereby confirm that the major binding site for SNX17 is confined to the NPXF2 motif in KRIT1. Taken together, our results verify a direct interaction between SNX17 and KRIT1 and classify KRIT1 as a SNX17 binding partner.
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Specific and ultrasensitive ciprofloxacin detection by responsive photonic crystal sensor.
J. Hazard. Mater.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2014
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A new approach for specific and ultrasensitive measurement of ciprofloxacin has been developed by integrating ternary complexes into responsive photonic crystal (RPC). Tryptophan was first immobilized within the polyacrylamide hydrogel substrates of RPC. The determination of ciprofloxacin was via the existence of zinc(II) ions that function as a 'bridge' to form specific tryptophan-zinc(II)-ciprofloxacin complexes step by step, which resulted in a stepwise red-shift of the diffraction wavelength. A maximum wavelength shift from 798 to 870 nm for ciprofloxacin was observed when the RPC film was immersed in 10(-4)M ciprofloxacin. A linear relationship has been obtained between the ?? of diffraction peak and logarithm of ciprofloxacin concentration at pH 5.0 in the range of 10(-10) to 10(-4)M. And the least detectable concentration in present work is about 5 × 10(-11)M. The results demonstrated that the as-designed ternary complexes-based RPC sensor exhibited high sensitivity, satisfactory specificity and excellent recoverability for sensing of ciprofloxacin in aqueous media and were validated by detecting ciprofloxacin in the eye-drop sample.
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Lobaplatin-TACE combined with radioactive 125I seed implantation for treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2014
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To investigate the efficacy and safety of lobaplatin-transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with radioactive 125I seed implantation in treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
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Enhancing the detection of barcoded reads in high throughput DNA sequencing data by controlling the false discovery rate.
BMC Bioinformatics
PUBLISHED: 07-19-2014
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DNA barcodes are short unique sequences used to label DNA or RNA-derived samples in multiplexed deep sequencing experiments. During the demultiplexing step, barcodes must be detected and their position identified. In some cases (e.g., with PacBio SMRT), the position of the barcode and DNA context is not well defined. Many reads start inside the genomic insert so that adjacent primers might be missed. The matter is further complicated by coincidental similarities between barcode sequences and reference DNA. Therefore, a robust strategy is required in order to detect barcoded reads and avoid a large number of false positives or negatives.For mass inference problems such as this one, false discovery rate (FDR) methods are powerful and balanced solutions. Since existing FDR methods cannot be applied to this particular problem, we present an adapted FDR method that is suitable for the detection of barcoded reads as well as suggest possible improvements.
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miR-137 effects on gastric carcinogenesis are mediated by targeting Cox-2-activated PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.
FEBS Lett.
PUBLISHED: 07-11-2014
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The discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) provided a new avenue for early diagnosis and treatment of GC. MiR-137 has been reported to be under-expressed and involved in various cell processes. However, the role of miR-137 in GC is less known. In this study, we show that miR-137 is under-expressed in GC and functions as a tumor suppressor through targeting Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2), which subsequently suppresses the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, restored Cox-2 expression partially abolished the tumor suppressive effects of miR-137 in GC cells, suggesting miR-137 may suppress GC carcinogenesis by targeting Cox-2.
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Murine AKAP7 has a 2',5'-phosphodiesterase domain that can complement an inactive murine coronavirus ns2 gene.
MBio
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Viral 2',5'-phosphodiesterases (2',5'-PDEs) help disparate RNA viruses evade the antiviral activity of interferon (IFN) by degrading 2',5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A) activators of RNase L. A kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) bind the regulatory subunits of protein kinase A (PKA) to localize and organize cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling during diverse physiological processes. Among more than 43 AKAP isoforms, AKAP7 appears to be unique in its homology to viral 2',5'-PDEs. Here we show that mouse AKAP7 rapidly degrades 2-5A with kinetics similar to that of murine coronavirus (mouse hepatitis virus [MHV]) strain A59 ns2 and human rotavirus strain WA VP3 proteins. To determine whether AKAP7 could substitute for a viral 2',5'-PDE, we inserted AKAP7 cDNA into an MHV genome with an inactivated ns2 gene. The AKAP7 PDE domain or N-terminally truncated AKAP7 (both lacking a nuclear localization motif), but not full-length AKAP7 or a mutant, AKAP7(H185R), PDE domain restored the infectivity of ns2 mutant MHV in bone marrow macrophages and in livers of infected mice. Interestingly, the AKAP7 PDE domain and N-terminally deleted AKAP7 were present in the cytoplasm (the site of MHV replication), whereas full-length AKAP7 was observed only in nuclei. We suggest the possibility that viral acquisition of the host AKAP7 PDE domain might have occurred during evolution, allowing diverse RNA viruses to antagonize the RNase L pathway. Importance: Early virus-host interactions determine whether an infection is established, highlighting the need to understand fundamental mechanisms regulating viral pathogenesis. Recently, our laboratories reported a novel mode of regulation of the IFN antiviral response. We showed that the coronavirus MHV accessory protein ns2 antagonizes the type I IFN response, promoting viral replication and hepatitis. ns2 confers virulence by cleaving 2',5'-oligoadenylate (2-5A) activators of RNase L in macrophages. We also reported that the rotavirus VP3 C-terminal domain (VP3-CTD) cleaves 2-5A and that it may rescue ns2 mutant MHV. Here we report that a cellular protein, AKAP7, has an analogous 2',5'-phosphodiesterase (2',5'-PDE) domain that is able to restore the growth of chimeric MHV expressing inactive ns2. The proviral effect requires cytoplasmic localization of the AKAP7 PDE domain. We speculate that AKAP7 is the ancestral precursor of viral proteins, such as ns2 and VP3, that degrade 2-5A to evade the antiviral activity of RNase L.
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Studies on copper(I)-catalyzed highly regio- and stereo-selective hydroboration of alkynamides.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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The copper(I)-catalyzed hydroboration of alkynamides with B2pin2 afforded the alkenamide boronates in 66% to nearly quantitative yields with high regio- and stereo-selectivity. It was interesting to note that the regio-selectivity of the reaction is opposite to that observed in the carbometallation reaction of alkynamides, and the resulting alkenyl boronates provided access to ?,?-disubstituted (Z)-alkenamides through further elaboration.
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Second-order surface-plasmon assisted responsivity enhancement in germanium nano-photodetectors with bull's eye antennas.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 07-01-2014
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The enhancement of photo-response in nanometer-scale germanium photodetectors through bull's eye antennas capable of supporting 2nd-order Bloch surface plasmon modes is demonstrated in theory and experiment. A detailed numerical investigation reveals that the presence of surface wave and its constructive interference with the directly incident light are incorporated into the main mechanisms for enhancing transmission through the central nanoaperture. With a grating period of 1500 nm, the area-normalized responsivity can be enhanced up to 3.8 times at 2 V bias for a 780 nm laser. It provides an easier fabrication path for ultra-short wavelength operations especially in devices using optically denser materials.
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Genomewide analysis of rat periaqueductal gray-dorsal horn reveals time-, region- and frequency-specific mRNA expression changes in response to electroacupuncture stimulation.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 06-30-2014
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Electroacupuncture (EA) has been widely applied for illness prevention, treatment or rehabilitation in the clinic, especially for pain management. However, the molecular events that induce these changes remain largely uncharacterized. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) and the spinal dorsal horn (DH) have been verified as two critical regions in the response to EA stimulation in EA analgesia. In this study, a genetic screen was conducted to delineate the gene expression profile in the PAG-DH regions of rats to explore the molecular events of the analgesic effect induced by low-frequency (2-Hz) and high-frequency (100-Hz) EAs. Microarray analysis at two different time points after EA stimulation revealed time-, region- and frequency-specific gene expression changes. These expression differences suggested that modulation of neural-immune interaction in the central nervous system played an important role during EA analgesia. Furthermore, low-frequency EA could regulate gene expression to a greater degree than high-frequency EA. Altogether, the present study offers, for the first time, a characterized transcriptional response pattern in the PAG-DH regions followed by EA stimulation and, thus, provides a solid experimental framework for future in-depth analysis of the mechanisms underlying EA-induced effects.
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[Clinical analysis of ovarian preservation for stage I endometrial carcinomas in women aged 40 years and younger].
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2014
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To investigate the safety of ovarian preservation for stage I endometrial carcinomas in women aged 40 years and younger.
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miR-106b is overexpressed in medulloblastomas and interacts directly with PTEN.
Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol.
PUBLISHED: 06-25-2014
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are an abundant group of small non-coding RNAs that have been implicated in tumorigenesis. They regulate expression of target genes by complementary base pairing. The purposes of this study were to delineate miR-106b expression in medulloblastoma (MB) and to explore its functional contributions to MB pathogenesis.
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The "neurovascular unit approach" to evaluate mechanisms of dysfunctional autoregulation in asphyxiated newborns in the era of hypothermia therapy.
Early Hum. Dev.
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2014
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Despite improvements in obstetrical and neonatal care, and introduction of hypothermia as a neuroprotective therapy, perinatal brain injury remains a frequent cause of cerebral palsy, mental retardation and epilepsy. The recognition of dysfunction of cerebral autoregulation is essential for a real time measure of efficacy to identify those who are at highest risk for brain injury. This article will focus on the "neurovascular unit" approach to the care of asphyxiated neonates and will address 1) potential mechanisms of dysfunctional cerebral blood flow (CBF) regulation, 2) optimal monitoring methodology such as NIRS (near infrared spectroscopy), and TCD (transcutaneous Doppler), and 3) clinical implications of monitoring in the neonatal intensive care setting in asphyxiated newborns undergoing hypothermia and rewarming. Critical knowledge of the functional regulation of the neurovascular unit may lead to improved ability to predict outcomes in real time during hypothermia, as well as differentiate non-responders who might benefit from additional therapies.
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The effects of dexamethasone on the proliferation and apoptosis of human ovarian cancer cells induced by paclitaxel.
J Ovarian Res
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2014
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Dexamethasone (DEX) has been routinely used as a pre-treatment in the clinical application of paclitaxel (PTX) to treat ovarian cancer. However, PTX-induced apoptosis might be inhibited by DEX. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of DEX on the apoptosis induced by PTX.
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MicroRNA-23a mediates mitochondrial compromise in estrogen deficiency-induced concentric remodeling via targeting PGC-1?.
J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol.
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2014
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It is well known that menopause could worsen age-related ventricular concentric remodeling following estrogen (E2) deficiency. However the underlying mechanisms of such phenomena are not fully understood. Mitochondria, as the 'cellular power station' of hearts, play an important role in maintaining normal cardiac function and structure. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate whether mitochondrial compromise is responsible for E2 deficiency associated concentric remodeling and, if so, what is its underlying molecular mechanism. We found evident concentric remodeling pattern in both postmenopausal and ovariectomized (OVX) mice, which could be attenuated by E2 replacement. Further study showed mitochondrial structural damages and respiratory function impairment in myocardium of both postmenopausal and OVX mice and E2 supplement reversed mitochondrial dysfunction in OVX mice, suggesting that E2 deficiency could induce mitochondrial compromise in the heart. Then, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? co-activator 1-? (PGC-1?), a key mitochondrial function and biology regulator, was found significantly reduced in both postmenopausal and OVX mice. The reduction of PGC-1? protein level in OVX mice could be rescued by E2 delivery, indicating that E2 could positively regulate PGC-1? expression. Next, we found that microRNA-23a (miR-23a) could be negatively regulated by E2 in both myocardium and cultured cardiomyocytes. Moreover, miR-23a could directly downregulate PGC-1? expression in cardiomyocytes via binding to its 3'UTR which implied that miR-23a could be critical for the downregulation of PGC-1? under E2 deficiency. Overexpression of miR-23a was also found to damage mitochondria in cultured cardiomyocytes, ascribed to PGC-1? downregulation. Taken together, E2 deficiency may cause mitochondrial compromise through miR-23a-mediated PGC-1? downregulation, which may subsequently lead to the menopause-associated concentric remodeling.
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Calreticulin is localized at mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes and affected by furazolidone.
Mol. Cell. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2014
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Calreticulin (CRT) is a calcium-buffering protein which is predominantly located in endoplasmic reticulum. In the previous mitochondria proteome analysis, we accidentally found that CRT may be also localized at myocardial mitochondria and was upregulated in a rat model of furazolidone-induced dilated cardiomyopathy. To our knowledge, there has not yet been any report of its presence in mitochondria of any cell types. The present study aimed to determine whether CRT was located at the mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes and whether the mitochondrial CRT was affected by furazolidone. Mitochondrial preparations were isolated from primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and purified by differential centrifugation. The purity of mitochondria was assessed by the reduction or elimination of the immunoreactivities of markers for cytosol, nucleus, sarcolemma, and endoplasmic reticulum. Western blot analysis demonstrated the presence of CRT in purified mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes. The distribution of CRT to mitochondria was further confirmed by immuno-electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and laser scanning confocal microscopy (double staining with MitoTracker Red and CRT-Alexa Fluor 488). Western blot analysis also demonstrated that the mitochondrial content of CRT was significantly enhanced by furazolidone treatment by 2.73 ± 0.13 fold (P < 0.05) in rat cardiomyocytes, which was verified by immuno-electron microscopy. In summary, the present results suggest that CRT is localized at mitochondria of rat cardiomyocytes and such localization is affected by furazolidone.
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Destruction of representative submarine food waste using supercritical water oxidation.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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In this study, 13 types of organic materials were oxidized using H2O2 in a continuous flow reactor under the condition of supercritical water. The effect of the operational parameters on the conversion of total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) was investigated, and the resulting quality of treated water was analyzed. It was found that these materials were easily oxidized with a TOC conversion achieving 99 % at temperature of 460 °C and TN conversion reaching 94 % at temperature of 500 °C. Rice decomposition was rapid, with TOC and TN decomposition rates of 99 % obtained within residence of 100 s at temperature of 460 °C. At temperature of 460 °C, pressure of 24 MPa, residence time of 100 s, and excess oxygen of 100 %, the quality of treated water attained levels commensurate with China's Standards for Drinking Water Quality. Reaction rate equation parameters were obtained by fitting the experimental data to the differential equation obtained using the Runge-Kutta algorithm. The decrease of the TOC in water samples exhibited reaction orders of 0.95 for the TOC concentration and 0.628 for the oxygen concentration. The activation energy was 83.018 kJ/mol.
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Serum uric acid levels are associated with polymorphisms in the SLC2A9, SF1, and GCKR genes in a Chinese population.
Acta Pharmacol. Sin.
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2014
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Genome-wide association studies have identified several novel loci associated with serum uric acid concentrations in individuals of European descent. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between these loci and serum uric acid concentrations in a Chinese population.
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Increased levels of serum galectin-3 in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome: associated with interstitial lung disease.
Cytokine
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2014
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To explore the potential values of serum galectin-3 (Gal-3) levels in diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) for patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS).
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Photoluminescent carbon dots from 1,4-addition polymers.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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Photoluminescent carbon dots were synthesised directly by thermopyrolysis of 1,4-addition polymers, allowing precise control of their properties. The effect of polymer composition on the properties of the carbon dots was investigated by TEM, IR, XPS, elemental analysis and fluorescence analysis, with carbon dots synthesised from nitrogen-containing polymers showing the highest fluorescence. The carbon dots with high nitrogen content were observed to have strong fluorescence in the visible region, and culture with cells showed that the carbon dots were non-cytotoxic and readily taken up by three different cell lines.
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Effect of pulsatile and nonpulsatile flow on cerebral perfusion in patients with left ventricular assist devices.
J. Heart Lung Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2014
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Insertion of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is an accepted therapy for advanced heart failure patients. However, the effects on end-organ perfusion, including cerebral autoregulation, are unclear in the presence of reduced pulsatility. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine whether cerebral autoregulation is impaired in patients with continuous-flow (CF) LVADs.
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Coordination-driven in?situ self-assembly strategy for the preparation of metal-organic framework hybrid membranes.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
PUBLISHED: 04-04-2014
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Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as porous solids of a superior type for the fabrication of membranes. However, it is still challenging to prepare a uniformly dispersed robust MOF hybrid membrane. Herein, we propose a simple and powerful strategy, namely, coordination-driven in?situ self-assembly, for the fabrication of MOF hybrid membranes. On the basis of the coordination interactions between metal ions and ligands and/or the functional groups of the organic polymer, this method was confirmed to be feasible for the production of a stable membrane with greatly improved MOF-particle dispersion in and compatibility with the polymer, thus providing outstanding separation ability. As an experimental proof of concept, a high-quality ZIF-8/PSS membrane was fabricated that showed excellent performance in the nanofiltration and separation of dyes from water.
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Isolation, identification, and quantification of lichenysin, a novel nonvolatile compound in chinese distilled spirits.
J. Food Sci.
PUBLISHED: 03-28-2014
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Nonvolatile components influence overall flavor volatility and perception in alcoholic beverages. However, little information has been reported about the nonvolatile compounds in Chinese distilled spirits. For the first time, we isolated and identified a cyclic lipopeptide "lichenysin" as a novel nonvolatile compound in Chinese liquors, using preparative high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometer and nuclear magnetic resonance. The concentrations of lichenysin were quantified in 14 main types of bottled Chinese liquors by using ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. The concentrations of lichenysin in Chinese liquor ranged from 0.01 to 111.74 ?g/L, where the concentration was the highest in Dongjiu liquor. Furthermore, we found that lichenysin selectively affected aroma volatility in the Chinese liquor, using the headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The headspace concentrations of 2-phenylethanol, phenol, and 4-methylphenol significantly decreased by respectively 58%, 76%, and 59% in 3 Chinese commercial liquors with an increase in lichenysin. These results indicated that lichenysin could be a novel nonvolatile compound that selectively affected aroma volatility in Chinese liquors.
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Effects of R219K polymorphism of ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 gene on serum lipids ratios induced by a high-carbohydrate and low-fat diet in healthy youth.
Biol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Diets are the important players in regulating plasma lipid profiles. And the R219K polymorphism at the gene of ATP-binding cassette transporter 1(ABCA1) was reported to be associated with the profiles. However, no efforts have been made to investigate the changes of lipid profiles after a high-carbohydrate and low-fat diet in different subjects with different genotypes of this polymorphism. This study was to evaluate the effects of ABCA1 R219K polymorphism on serum lipid and apolipoprotein (apo) ratios induced by a high-carbohydrate/low-fat (high-CHO) diet. After a washout diet of 54.1% carbohydrate for 7 days, 56 healthy young subjects (22.89 ± 1.80 years old) were given a high-CHO diet of 70.1% carbohydrate for 6 days. Height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, glucose (Glu), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoA-1 and apoB-100 were measured on the 1st, 8th and 14th days of this study. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratios (WHR), log(TG/HDL-C), TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C and apoA-1/apoB-100 were calculated. ABCA1 R219K was analyzed by a PCR-RFLP method.
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The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism rs499765 Is Associated with Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a Chinese Population with Normal Glucose Tolerance.
J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics
PUBLISHED: 03-24-2014
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Background: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a hormone involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. Increased circulating FGF21 levels are closely associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, the association between genetic variations of FGF21 and NAFLD remains unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the association of these genetic variations with serum FGF21 levels and NAFLD. Methods: We genotyped four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FGF21 and its flanking region in 340 nondiabetic subjects. NAFLD was defined as the presence of a specific abdominal ultrasonographic pattern. Serum FGF21 concentrations were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Results: We found significant evidence of an association with NAFLD for rs499765 (p = 0.039). After adjusting for age and sex, the effect of rs499765 on NAFLD remained significant (p = 0.045). However, after adjusting for multiple comparisons, no association was found. Moreover, rs499765 was associated with serum FGF21 levels (p = 0.030). In addition, both rs2071699 and rs838136 showed an association with serum aspartate aminotransferase levels (p = 0.049 and p = 0.047, respectively). The SNP rs838136 also showed a correlation with serum alanine aminotransferase concentrations after adjustment for body mass index (p = 0.034). We also combined the minor group with the heterozygous genotype and observed that rs499765 had an effect on FGF21 (p = 0.031). Conclusion: The variant rs499765 adjacent to FGF21 is associated with serum FGF21 levels and NAFLD in a Chinese nondiabetic population. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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Emodin up-regulates glucose metabolism, decreases lipolysis, and attenuates inflammation in vitro.
J Diabetes
PUBLISHED: 03-13-2014
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Emodin, the major bioactive component of Rheum palmatum, has many different activities, including antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and antidiabetes effects. Recently, emodin was reported to regulate energy metabolism. In the present study, we further explored the effects of emodin on glucose and lipid metabolism.
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KCNJ11 E23K variant is associated with the therapeutic effect of sulphonylureas in Chinese type 2 diabetic patients.
Clin. Exp. Pharmacol. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2014
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of the E23K variant of the potassium inwardly rectifying channel, subfamily J, member 11 (KCNJ11) gene on gliclazide modified release (MR) treatment in newly diagnosed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 108 diabetic patients with no history of antidiabetic medication was treated with gliclazide MR for 16 weeks and underwent follow up at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16. All patients were genotyped for KCNJ11 E23K (rs5219). At baseline, patients with the KK genotype had higher blood glucose and lower serum insulin levels after oral glucose administration than patients with the EE and EK genotypes (P < 0.05 for all). During treatment, individuals with the KK genotype had lower fasting glucose levels and were more likely to attain the target fasting glucose level (Plog rank  = 0.028) than E allele carriers. Patients with the KK genotype had larger augmentations in changes (?) in acute insulin response (P = 0.049) and ? body mass index (P = 0.003). Moreover, patients with the EK genotype had a lower variance in changes in fasting insulin levels (P = 0.049) and homeostasis model assessment of ?-cell function (P = 0.021) than those with the KK genotype. The findings of the present study suggest that the KCNJ11 E23K variant is associated with a greater effect of sulphonylurea treatment in newly diagnosed Chinese patients with T2DM.
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Synergistic suppression effect on tumor growth of hepatocellular carcinoma by combining oncolytic adenovirus carrying XAF1 with cisplatin.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-22-2014
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The potent anticancer efficacy of oncolytic viruses has been verified in Clinic in recent years. Cisplatin (DDP) is one of most common chemotherapeutic drugs, but is accompanied by side effects and drug resistance. Our previous studies have shown the strategy of cancer -targeting gene-viro-therapy (CTGVT) mediated by the oncolytic virus ZD55 containing the XAF1 cDNA (ZD55-XAF1), which exhibited potent antitumor effects in various tumor cells and no apparent toxicities on normal cells. In the study, the CTGVT strategy is broadened by combining DDP with ZD55-XAF1 for growth inhibition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.
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A method for real-time measurement of respiratory rhythms in medaka (Oryzias latipes) using computer vision for water quality monitoring.
Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2014
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The respiratory rhythms of Japanese medaka is considered to be an efficient indicator for monitoring water quality since they are sensitive to chemicals and can be measured directly from the movement of fish gill tissue generated by their breathe. However, few methods have been established to measure the feature of small free-swimming fish intuitively. In this article, a method is proposed to measure the influence of the pollution to the Japanese medaka's respiratory rhythms with computer vision technology in real time. In order to get the images which contains the complete gill tissue remotely and steadily, a special object container and an experiment platform are designed. With the aim of capturing Japanese medaka's respiratory rhythms in real time, a set of image processing algorithms such as the color distribution table, Support Vector Machine (SVM), adaptive boosting (Adaboost) and mathematical morphology are applied. Then, in order to verify the effectiveness and accuracy of the whole method, fourteen groups of Japanese medakas are respectively exposed to copper ions solutions with different concentrations of 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6 mg/L for 48 h. The comparison between the human eyes observation and the above method indicates that the data obtained through the method is generally accurate. We found that the respiratory rate of Japanese medaka showed a downward trend initially when exposed in the copper ions solution, afterwards fluctuated repeatly arounding the lower rate, before death, the respiratory rate rised slowly for a while. With the increase of concentration, this trend will be more obvious. But the above phenomenon is absolutely different from that in the standard dilution water. Moreover, the two kinds of special respiratory rhythm of medakas poisoning were discovered. This method can be widely applied to study some toxic substances' effects on Japanese medaka's respiratory rhythms and to assess the degree of risk of the water environment.
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Paris saponin ? inhibits metastasis by modulating matrix metalloproteinases in colorectal cancer cells.
Mol Med Rep
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
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Metastasis is the main cause of mortality of patients with cancer?related disease. Targeting the process of metastasis has been proposed as a potential strategy in cancer treatment. Trillium tschonoskii Maxim., a traditional Chinese medicine, is used for the treatment of numerous diseases, including cancer. The current study aimed to determine the anti?metastatic effect of Paris saponin VII (PS ?), which was extracted from T. tschonoskii Maxim., using SW620 and LoVo cells, two human metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. The present study conducted cell attachment, wound healing and migration assays to detect the anti?metastatic effects of PS VII on colorectal cells. In addition, gelatin zymography assay and western blot analysis were used to detect the possible mechanisms involved. The results of this study demonstrated that PS ? significantly suppresses the viability, attachment, migration and invasive abilities of CRC cells in a concentration?dependent manner. In addition, PS ? reduced the expression levels and activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)?2 and MMP?9. These data indicate that PS ? reduces the metastatic capability of CRC cells, possibly via the downregulation of the expression and activity of MMP?2 and MMP?9. These results demonstrate a novel therapeutic potential for PS ? in anti?metastatic therapy.
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An Interaction between a FNDC5 Variant and Obesity Modulates Glucose Metabolism in a Chinese Han Population.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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To investigate the impact of common variants of FNDC5 on type 2 diabetes and clinical traits related to glucose metabolism in a large Chinese population sample.
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Effects of vagus nerve stimulation via cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway activation on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in canine.
Int J Clin Exp Med
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) was a type of disease with high mortality rate and high disability rate. And about 50% of the final area of myocardial infarction after AMI was led by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The I/R injury was a kind of systemic inflammatory response, in which the main performance laid in the release of the large quantity of inflammatory cytokines. The basic experiments, clinical studies and the large scaled epidemiology investigations found that the low functions of vagus nerves had close relevance with the occurrence, development and prognosis of the cardiovascular diseases. This study investigate the effects of cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway with with vagus never stimulation I/R injury in canine.
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Molecular and morphological analysis reveals five new species of zygophiala associated with flyspeck signs on plant hosts from china.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Species in the genus Zygophiala are associated with sooty blotch and flyspeck disease on a wide range of hosts. In this study, 63 Zygophiala isolates collected from flyspeck colonies on a range of plants from several regions of China were used for phylogeny, host range and geographic distribution analysis. Phylogenetic trees were constructed on four genes - internal transcribed spacer (ITS), partial translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF), ?-tubulin (TUB2), and actin (ACT) - both individually and in combination. Isolates were grouped into 11 clades among which five new species, Z. emperorae, Z. trispora, Z. musae, Z. inaequalis and Z. longispora, were described. Species of Zygophiala differed in observed host range and geographic distribution. Z. wisconsinensis and Z. emperorae were the most prevalent throughout the sampled regions of China, whereas Z. trispora, Z. musae, Z. inaequalis and Z. longispora were collected only in southern China. The hosts of Z. wisconsinensis and Z. emperorae were mainly in the family Rosaceae whereas Z. trispora, Z. musae, Z. inaequalis and Z. longispora were found mainly on banana (Musa spp.). Cross inoculation tests provided evidence of host specificity among SBFS species.
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Self-renewal and Differentiation of Muscle Satellite Cells is Regulated by Fas-associated Death Domain.
J. Biol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 12-27-2013
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The decisions between self-renewal and differentiation of adult stem cells are critical for tissue repair and homeostasis. Here, we show that the apoptotic adaptor Fas-associated Death Domain (FADD) regulated the fate decisions of muscle satellite cells (SCs). FADD phosphorylation was specifically induced in cycling SCs, which was high in metaphase and declined in later anaphase. Furthermore, phosphorylated FADD at Ser191 accumulated in the uncommitted cycling SCs and was asymmetrically localized in the self-renewing daughter SCs. SCs containing a phosphoryl-mimicking mutation at Ser191 of FADD (FADD-D) expressed higher levels of stem-like markers and reduced commitment-associated markers. Moreover, FADD-D suppressed SCs activation and differentiation, which promoted the cycling SCs into a reversible quiescent state. Therefore, these data indicate FADD regulates the fate determination of cycling SCs.
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[Prognostic analysis of radical radiotherapy in stage Ib and IIa cervical carcinoma].
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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To investigate the efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with stage Ib and IIa cervical carcinoma by radical radiotherapy.
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Anti-inflammatory Effect of Full-Length Adiponectin and Proinflammatory Effect of Globular Adiponectin in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Cells.
Oncol. Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-17-2013
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Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity, inhibits esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Chronic inflammation is a key process involved in initiation and progression of EAC, but the roles and mechanisms of adiponectin in inflammation have not been fully understood in EAC. We aimed to analyze the effects of two types of adiponectin, full-length adiponectin (f-Ad) and globular adiponectin (g-Ad), on inflammatory factors expression and explore the roles of ROS/NF-?B signaling pathway in adiponectin-regulated inflammation in EAC cells. It was found that f-Ad and g-Ad differently regulated both mRNA and protein levels of TNF-?, IL-8, and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner in OE19 cells. g-Ad apparently induced TNF-?, IL-8, and IL-6 production, which was inhibited by PDTC or NAC, and increased intracellular ROS levels and NF-?B p65 activation, whereas f-Ad significantly suppressed production of inflammatory factors and NF-?B p65 activation and also decreased the intracellular ROS levels. In conclusion, the study demonstrated that g-Ad exerts a proinflammatory effect whereas f-Ad appears to induce an anti-inflammatory effect in a ROS/NF-?B-dependent manner in OE19 cells.
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Emergence of Escherichia coli ST131 producing KPC-2 carbapenemase in China.
Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.
PUBLISHED: 12-09-2013
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Twenty-two KPC-2-producing Escherichia coli were isolated from 3 hospitals in Hangzhou from 2007 to 2011. One isolate with OmpC porin deficiency exhibited high-level carbapenem resistance. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed that few isolates were indistinguishable or closely related. Multilocus sequence typing indicated that ST131 was the predominant type (9 isolates, 40.9%), followed by ST648 (5 isolates), ST405 (2 isolates), ST38 (2 isolates), and 4 single STs of ST69, ST2003, ST2179, and ST744. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that 9 group B2 isolates belonged to ST131, 5 of 11 group D isolates belonged to ST648. Only one group B1 isolate and one group A isolate were identified. A representative plasmid (pE1) were partially sequenced and a 7,788-bp DNA fragment encoding Tn3 transposase, Tn3 resolvase, ISKpn8 transposase, KPC-2, and ISKpn6-like transposase was obtained. The blaKPC-2-surrounding sequence was amplified by a series of primers. The PCR results showed that 13 isolates were consistent with the genetic environment in pE1. It is the first report of rapid emergence of KPC-2-producing E. coli ST131 in China. blaKPC-2 gene of most isolates was located on the similar genetic structure.
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An apple oligogalactan potentiates the growth inhibitory effect of celecoxib on colorectal cancer.
Nutr Cancer
PUBLISHED: 11-25-2013
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Multiple studies have indicated that selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors possess clinically chemopreventive and preclinically anticancer activities. Their long-term use, however, may be limited by the cardiovascular toxicity. This study tried to investigate whether an apple oligogalactan (AOG) could enhance the growth inhibitory effect of celecoxib on colorectal cancer. Caco-2 and HT-29 cell lines were exposed to different concentrations of AOG (0-1 g/L), celecoxib (0-25 ?mol/L), and their combination. COX-2 levels were assessed by reverse transcription PCR and Western blot. COX-2 activity was evaluated by measuring prostaglandin E2 concentration. A colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CACC) mouse model was used to determine the effect of the combination in vivo. AOG (0.1-0.5 g/L) could potentiate the inhibitory effect of physiologic doses of celecoxib (5 ?mol/L) on cell growth and decrease COX-2 expressions both at RNA and protein levels. In vivo, the combination (2.5% AOG plus 0.04% celecoxib, w/w) prevented against CACC in mice effectively. Our data indicate that AOG could potentiate the growth inhibitory effect of celecoxib on colorectal cancer both in vitro and in vivo through influencing the expression and function of COX-2 and phosphorylation of MAPKs, which suggests a new possible combinatorial strategy in colorectal cancer therapy.
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Supplementation of complex milk lipid concentrate (CMLc) improved the memory of aged rats.
Nutr Neurosci
PUBLISHED: 11-22-2013
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The socio-economic impact from age-related mental decline is escalating. Supplementation of functional foods for sustaining mental health is desirable. We examined the effect of long-term supplementation of complex milk lipid concentrate (CMLc), mixed dairy phospholipids, on memory and associated vascular and neuronal changes in aged rats.
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Performance and capacity analysis of Poisson photon-counting based Iter-PIC OCDMA systems.
Opt Express
PUBLISHED: 11-13-2013
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In this paper, an iterative parallel interference cancellation (Iter-PIC) technique is developed for optical code-division multiple-access (OCDMA) systems relying on shot-noise limited Poisson photon-counting reception. The novel semi-analytical tool of extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) charts is used for analysing both the bit error rate (BER) performance as well as the channel capacity of these systems and the results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations. The proposed Iter-PIC OCDMA system is capable of achieving two orders of magnitude BER improvements and a 0.1 nats of capacity improvement over the conventional chip-level OCDMA systems at a coding rate of 1/10.
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[Risk of cervical cancer and precancerous diseases in the oral HPV carriers].
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-09-2013
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To evaluate the risk of the occurrence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cervical cancer in the oral HPV carriers through a population-based investigation in Shanghai.
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[Strain in GaN epi-layer grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy].
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi
PUBLISHED: 10-29-2013
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In the present paper, strain in GaN epitaxial layer grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE) was investigated by means of high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HRXRD), Raman spectra and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. Both the biaxial in-plane and out-of-plane strains (of the order of -10(-4) and 10(-4), respectively) and the hydrostatic strain component (of the order of -10(-5)) were extracted from HRXRD measurements. These values agreed well with the ones computed from the blue-shift of E2 Raman mode and the near-band-edge PL peak. The results showed that strains in GaN layer were superposed by the biaxial strain and hydrostatic strain.
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Dynamic cerebral autoregulation after bed rest: effects of volume loading and exercise countermeasures.
J. Appl. Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2013
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This study assessed effects of head-down-tilt (HDT) bed rest on dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) in 21 healthy young adults with volume loading and exercise countermeasures. Of these, seven underwent an 18-day bed rest without exercise countermeasures (sedentary group). Volume loading with dextran infusion was performed after bed rest to restore reduced plasma volume to levels before bed rest. In the other 14 subjects, supine cycling during bed rest was performed to preserve cardiac work from before bed rest (exercise group). Volume loading was also performed in a subgroup of these subjects (Ex+Dex, n = 7). Dynamic CA was estimated by transfer function analysis of changes in arterial pressure and cerebral blood flow (CBF) velocity in the very low (VLF, 0.02-0.07 Hz), low (LF, 0.07-0.20 Hz), and high frequency ranges (HF, 0.20-0.35 Hz). After bed rest, transfer function gain was reduced in the sedentary group (VLF, 0.93 ± 0.23 to 0.61 ± 0.23 cm(-1)·s(-1)·mmHg; P = 0.007) and in the exercise group (LF, 1.22 ± 0.43 to 0.94 ± 0.26 cm(-1)·s(-1)·mmHg; P = 0.005, HF, 1.32 ± 0.55 to 1.00 ± 0.32 cm(-1)·s(-1)·mmHg; P = 0.010). After volume loading, transfer function gain increased in the sedentary group but not in the Ex+Dex group. Taken together, these findings suggest that dynamic CA was preserved or improved after HDT bed rest in both sedentary and exercise subjects. Furthermore, increases of transfer function gain with volume loading suggest that changes in plasma volume may play an important role in CBF regulation.
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Concentration rather than dose defines the local brain toxicity of agents that are effectively distributed by convection-enhanced delivery.
J. Neurosci. Methods
PUBLISHED: 10-14-2013
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Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) has been developed as a potentially effective drug-delivery strategy into the central nervous system. In contrast to systemic intravenous administration, local delivery achieves high concentration and prolonged retention in the local tissue, with increased chance of local toxicity, especially with toxic agents such as chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, the factors that affect local toxicity should be extensively studied.
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Association of Genetic Variants of BMP4 with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Clinical Traits in a Chinese Han Population.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2013
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BMP4 is one of the transforming growth factor- ? superfamily, which can participate in adipogenesis. Gene encoding BMP4 is acknowledged as a convincing candidate that may contribute to both glucose and lipid metabolism. In this paper, we aimed to test the impacts of BMP4 variants on type 2 diabetes in a large sample of Chinese population. We genotyped 10 tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms within the BMP4 region in 6822 participants and acquired detailed clinical investigations and biochemistry measurements. We found that BMP4 rs8014363 showed nominal association towards type 2 diabetes, with the T allele conferring a high risk of type 2 diabetes (OR = 1.108, 95%CI 0.999-1.229, P = 0.051 for allele; OR = 1.110, 95%CI 1.000-1.231, P = 0.050 for genotype), but it was no longer statistically significant after adjusting for multiple testing (empirical P = 0.3689 for allele based on 10,000 permutations). Moreover, we observed a significant association of rs8014363 with triglyceride level and a trend towards association with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol after adjusting for age, gender, and BMI (P = 0.035 and 0.068, resp.). Our data suggested that the genetic variants of BMP4 may not play a dominant role in glucose metabolism in Chinese Han population, but a minor effect cannot be ignored.
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Identification of a Major Determinant for Serine-Threonine Kinase Phosphoacceptor Specificity.
Mol. Cell
PUBLISHED: 09-11-2013
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Eukaryotic protein kinases are generally classified as being either tyrosine or serine-threonine specific. Though not evident from inspection of their primary sequences, many serine-threonine kinases display a significant preference for serine or threonine as the phosphoacceptor residue. Here we show that a residue located in the kinase activation segment, which we term the "DFG+1" residue, acts as a major determinant for serine-threonine phosphorylation site specificity. Mutation of this residue was sufficient to switch the phosphorylation site preference for multiple kinases, including the serine-specific kinase PAK4 and the threonine-specific kinase MST4. Kinetic analysis of peptide substrate phosphorylation and crystal structures of PAK4-peptide complexes suggested that phosphoacceptor residue preference is not mediated by stronger binding of the favored substrate. Rather, favored kinase-phosphoacceptor combinations likely promote a conformation optimal for catalysis. Understanding the rules governing kinase phosphoacceptor preference allows kinases to be classified as serine or threonine specific based on their sequence.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.