The success of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been limited by restenosis and stent thrombosis. Delayed or incomplete endothelial regeneration is believed to be a key factor responsible for these events. Developing a stent with an accelerated healing profile may be of benefit. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of seeding a bare metal stent (BMS) with human trophoblastic endovascular progenitor cells (hTEC) derived from human embryonic stem cells. A porcine coronary artery model was used to compare the rate and extent of endothelial regeneration and the degree of neointimal proliferation. Characterisation of hTEC confirmed a mixed progenitor and endothelial cell phenotype. The biodistribution and fate of hTEC were studied using radiolabelled 111Indium oxine and fluorescent in situ hybridisation. Scanning electron microscopy showed earlier endothelial coverage in hTEC-seeded stents as compared to similar BMS. hTEC-seeded BMS achieved complete stent coverage in three days. Quantitative coronary angiography, intravascular ultrasound assessment and histomorphometry showed no difference in neointimal hyperplasia between hTEC-seeded and control BMS. hTEC seeding of coronary stents is a novel and safe approach to accelerate endothelial regeneration without increasing neointimal proliferation.
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Journal of Visualized Experiments
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.