Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is the second most important cause of death in the first year of life, and early RSV infections are associated with the development of asthma. Breastfeeding and serum IgG have been shown to protect against RSV infection. Yet, many infants depend on bovine milk-based nutrition, which at present lacks intact immunoglobulins.
Neutrophil recruitment is essential in clearing pneumococcal infections. The first step in neutrophil extravasation involves the interaction between P-selectin on activated endothelium and P-Selectin Glycoprotein 1 (PSGL-1) on neutrophils. Here, we identify pneumococcal Zinc metalloproteinase C as a potent inhibitor of PSGL-1. ZmpC degrades the N-terminal domain of PSGL-1, thereby disrupting the initial rolling of neutrophils on activated human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Furthermore, mice infected with wild-type strain in the model of pneumococcal pneumonia showed lower lungs neutrophil infiltration compare to animals infected with ZmpC mutant. In addition, we confirmed the association of zmpC with serotype 8 and 11A and found it to be associated with serotype 33F as well. In conclusion, wereport PSGL-1 as a novel target for ZmpC and show that ZmpC inhibits neutrophil extravasation during pneumococcal pneumonia.
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Journal of Visualized Experiments
What is Visualize?
JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.
How does it work?
We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.
Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...
In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.