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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Role of microRNA-95 in the anticancer activity of Brucein D in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Eur. J. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 02-03-2014
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Brucea javanica fruit has been used to treat amebic dysentery, malaria and various parasites and it has been applied as an anti-cancer agent in Traditional Chinese Medicine. Brucein D (BD) is a naturally occurring compound extracted from Brucea javanica fruit which shows anti-cancer activity against pancreatic cancer. Here, we further demonstrated that BD inhibited hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell growth in vitro and tumor growth in vivo that were attributed to the induction of cell apoptosis. BD did not exert growth inhibition on non-tumorigenic human hepatocytes. MTT assay was used to measure cell viability. Annexin V and TUNEL assay were applied to identify apoptotic cells in cell suspension and in tissue section respectively. Downstream micro-RNA (miRNA) targets of BD were screened out by miRNA array. miRNAs and their target proteins were identified by bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay. 39 miRNAs regulated by BD in HCC were identified. miR-95 was found to be a potential drug target of BD. We further identified CUG triplet repeat RNA-binding protein 2 (CUGBP2) as the downstream target of miR-95. Our data suggested that BD exerted its anti-cancer activity against HCC through modulation of miR-95 expression.
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A potential antitumor ellagitannin, davidiin, inhibited hepatocellular tumor growth by targeting EZH2.
Tumour Biol.
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2013
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Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer worldwide and is the third most common cause of cancer-related deaths. Currently available treatment options for HCC patients are scarce resulting in an urgent need to develop a novel effective cure. Polygonum capitatum is a medicinal herb which has been used to treat inflammatory diseases in Miao nationality of China. We recently isolated a pure compound davidiin from P. capitatum extract. Four HCC cell lines were treated with davidiin. Cell viability was recorded by MTT assay. siRNAs targeting enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) were applied to modulate the expression of EZH2. Established xenograft mice models of HCC were applied to evaluate the in vivo anticancer activity of davidiin. We investigated the anticancer activity and the underlying mechanism of davidiin. The compound inhibited HCC cell growth and also suppressed tumor growth in xenografted HCC mouse. Such inhibition was facilitated by specifically downregulation on EZH2. The compound possesses anticancer activity both in vitro and in vivo which warrants further clinical investigation as a potential anti-HCC agent.
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Transcriptomic and iTRAQ proteomic approaches reveal novel short-term hyperosmotic stress responsive proteins in the gill of the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica).
J Proteomics
PUBLISHED: 01-31-2013
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Osmoregulation is critical for the survival of fishes that migrate between freshwater (FW) and seawater (SW). The eel, as a catadromous fish, has been studied for decades to reveal the mechanisms of osmoregulation. These studies, however, have been limited by the lack of a genomic database to decipher the mechanism of osmoregulation at a molecular level. In this study, using high-throughput transcriptomic and proteomic technologies, we have provided the first genome-wide study to identify hyperosmotic responsive proteins in the gills of the Japanese eel. Deep sequencing using the 454 platform produced over 660,000 reads with a mean length of 385 bp. For the proteomic study, we collected gill samples from three different treatment groups of fish that had fully adapted to FW/SW or were transferred from FW to SW for 6h. The respective group of gill proteins were extracted and labeled using an isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) using LTQ-Orbitrap, a high resolution mass spectrometer. Among the 1519 proteins identified from the gill samples, 96 proteins were differentially expressed between FW and SW adapted fish. Nineteen hyperosmotic responsive proteins were detected (10 up-regulated and 9 down-regulated proteins) after 6h post FW to SW transfer.
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Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 silences microRNA-218 in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells by inducing formation of heterochromatin.
Gastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 01-09-2013
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Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a histone methyltransferase that is overexpressed by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells and increases their aggressiveness. We identified microRNAs (miRs) that are regulated by EZH2 and studied their functions in PDAC cells.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.