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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
[Study on the distribution of superantigen of group A streptococcus isolated from children in Beijing, 2011].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-17-2014
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To analyze the prevalence of super-antigens (SAgs) of group A streptococcus (GAS)isolated from Beijing pediatric patients in 2011, and to explore the relationship between emm types, characteristics of patients and SAgs.
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Evaluation of the FluA-Ag rapid assay for detection of influenza A viruses of human, avian, and swine origin.
Clin. Lab.
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2014
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Influenza viruses which cause human disease may include viruses that originate from humans, animals, or animal/human reassortants. This study evaluated the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of a commercial FluA-Ag rapid assay in detecting influenza A viruses, either common or reassortant strains, to meet the need of influenza A virus early screening.
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Alpine grassland soil organic carbon stock and its uncertainty in the three rivers source region of the Tibetan Plateau.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Alpine grassland of the Tibetan Plateau is an important component of global soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks, but insufficient field observations and large spatial heterogeneity leads to great uncertainty in their estimation. In the Three Rivers Source Region (TRSR), alpine grasslands account for more than 75% of the total area. However, the regional carbon (C) stock estimate and their uncertainty have seldom been tested. Here we quantified the regional SOC stock and its uncertainty using 298 soil profiles surveyed from 35 sites across the TRSR during 2006-2008. We showed that the upper soil (0-30 cm depth) in alpine grasslands of the TRSR stores 2.03 Pg C, with a 95% confidence interval ranging from 1.25 to 2.81 Pg C. Alpine meadow soils comprised 73% (i.e. 1.48 Pg C) of the regional SOC estimate, but had the greatest uncertainty at 51%. The statistical power to detect a deviation of 10% uncertainty in grassland C stock was less than 0.50. The required sample size to detect this deviation at a power of 90% was about 6-7 times more than the number of sample sites surveyed. Comparison of our observed SOC density with the corresponding values from the dataset of Yang et al. indicates that these two datasets are comparable. The combined dataset did not reduce the uncertainty in the estimate of the regional grassland soil C stock. This result could be mainly explained by the underrepresentation of sampling sites in large areas with poor accessibility. Further research to improve the regional SOC stock estimate should optimize sampling strategy by considering the number of samples and their spatial distribution.
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Characteristics of group A Streptococcus strains circulating during scarlet fever epidemic, Beijing, China, 2011.
Emerging Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2013
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Scarlet fever is one of a variety of diseases caused by group A Streptococcus (GAS). During 2011, a scarlet fever epidemic characterized by peak monthly incidence rates 2.9-6.7 times higher than those in 2006-2010 occurred in Beijing, China. During the epidemic, hospital-based enhanced surveillance for scarlet fever and pharyngitis was conducted to determine characteristics of circulating GAS strains. The surveillance identified 3,359 clinical cases of scarlet fever or pharyngitis. GAS was isolated from 647 of the patients; 76.4% of the strains were type emm12, and 17.1% were emm1. Almost all isolates harbored superantigens speC and ssa. All isolates were susceptible to penicillin, and resistance rates were 96.1% to erythromycin, 93.7% to tetracycline, and 79.4% to clindamycin. Because emm12 type GAS is not the predominant type in other countries, wider surveillance for the possible spread of emm12 type GAS from China to other countries is warranted.
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Development of a panel of seven duplex real-time PCR assays for detecting 13 streptococcal superantigens.
Ann. Clin. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
PUBLISHED: 03-19-2013
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Streptococcal superantigens (SAgs) are the major virulence factors of infection in humans for group A Streptococcus (GAS) bacteria. A panel consisting of seven duplex real-time PCR assays was developed to simultaneously detect 13 streptococcal SAgs and one internal control which may be important in the control of GAS-mediated diseases.
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Seroprevalence of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza and effectiveness of 2010/2011 influenza vaccine during 2010/2011 season in Beijing, China.
Influenza Other Respir Viruses
PUBLISHED: 12-30-2011
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In the post-pandemic period, pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus was expected to circulate seasonally and was introduced into trivalent influenza vaccine during 2010/2011 season in the Northern Hemisphere.
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Identification of a highly conserved H1 subtype-specific epitope with diagnostic potential in the hemagglutinin protein of influenza A virus.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 05-24-2011
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Subtype specificity of influenza A virus (IAV) is determined by its two surface glycoproteins, hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA). For HA, 16 distinct subtypes (H1-H16) exist, while nine exist for NA. The epidemic strains of H1N1 IAV change frequently and cause annual seasonal epidemics as well as occasional pandemics, such as the notorious 1918 influenza pandemic. The recent introduction of pandemic A/H1N1 IAV (H1N1pdm virus) into humans re-emphasizes the public health concern about H1N1 IAV. Several studies have identified conserved epitopes within specific HA subtypes that can be used for diagnostics. However, immune specific epitopes in H1N1 IAV have not been completely assessed. In this study, linear epitopes on the H1N1pdm viral HA protein were identified by peptide scanning using libraries of overlapping peptides against convalescent sera from H1N1pdm patients. One epitope, P5 (aa 58-72) was found to be immunodominant in patients and to evoke high titer antibodies in mice. Multiple sequence alignments and in silico coverage analysis showed that this epitope is highly conserved in influenza H1 HA [with a coverage of 91.6% (9,860/10,767)] and almost completely absent in other subtypes [with a coverage of 3.3% (792/23,895)]. This previously unidentified linear epitope is located outside the five well-recognized antigenic sites in HA. A peptide ELISA method based on this epitope was developed and showed high correlation (?(2)?=?51.81, P<0.01, Pearson correlation coefficient R?=?0.741) with a hemagglutination inhibition test. The highly conserved H1 subtype-specific immunodominant epitope may form the basis for developing novel assays for sero-diagnosis and active surveillance against H1N1 IAVs.
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Secretory expression of all 16 subtypes of the hemagglutinin 1 protein of influenza A virus in insect cells.
J. Virol. Methods
PUBLISHED: 05-22-2011
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Influenza viruses are known for their ability to change their antigenic structure and create new viral strains. Hemagglutinin (HA), for which 16 subtypes have been identified, is a major antigenic determinant essential for the pathogenesis of influenza A viruses. To predict and monitor future epidemics, it is critical to produce various HA subtype antigens conveniently and rapidly. A simple, effective, and economic method to generate subunit HA1 of all 16 HA subtypes as recombinant proteins (rHA1) is reported. rHA1 proteins are expressed in insect cells as secretory proteins after integration into a baculovirus expression vector containing a 6×His tag element and the signal peptide of the GP67 protein, a membrane glycoprotein identified in Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. The proteins can be purified to ?90% purity using a single Ni(2+)-chelating affinity chromatography step, yielding a recovery rate of about 50%. The rHA1 proteins elicit high titer antibodies in mice and show high specificity in Western blots. This study paves the way for subtype specific detection methods and for future studies of the immune relationships among the subtypes of influenza A virus HA proteins.
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A serological survey of antibodies to H5, H7 and H9 avian influenza viruses amongst the duck-related workers in Beijing, China.
PLoS ONE
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The continued spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses of H5 and H7 subtypes and low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses of H5, H7 and H9 subtypes in birds and the subsequent infections in humans pose an ongoing pandemic threat. It has been proposed that poultry workers are at higher risk of exposure to HPAI or LPAI viruses and subsequently infection due to their repeated exposure to chickens or domestic waterfowl. The aim of this study was to examine the seroprevalence of antibodies against H5, H7 and H9 viruses amongst duck-related workers in Beijing, China and the risk factors associated with seropositivity. In March, 2011, 1741 participants were recruited from (1) commercial duck-breeding farms; (2) private duck-breeding farms; and (3) duck-slaughtering farms. Local villagers who bred ducks in their backyards were also recruited. A survey was administered by face-to-face interview, and blood samples were collected from subjects for antibody testing against H5, H7 and H9 viruses. We found that none of the subjects were seropositive for either H5 or H7 viruses, and only 0.7% (12/1741) had antibody against H9. A statistically significant difference in H9 antibody seroprevalence existed between the various categories of workers (P?=?0.005), with the highest figures recorded amongst the villagers (1.7%). Independent risk factors associated with seropositivity toinfection with H9 virus included less frequent disinfection of worksite (OR, 5.13 [95% CI, 1.07-24.58]; P?=?0.041; ? twice monthly versus>twice monthly) and handling ducks with wounds on hands (OR, 4.13 [95% CI, 1.26-13.57]; P?=?0.019). Whilst the risk of infection with H5, H7 and H9 viruses appears to be low among duck-related workers in Beijing, China, ongoing monitoring of infection with the H9 virus is still warranted, especially amongst villagers who breed backyard ducks to monitor for any changes.
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Evaluation of two commercial real-time PCR kits for detection of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus in Beijing.
J. Virol. Methods
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Active surveillance and diagnosis of the influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009 (pH1N1) have played a critical role in the effective control and prevention of the pandemic in China. Although several commercially available real-time PCR kits for pH1N1 virus have been used in diagnostic laboratories in Beijing, little has been known about the performance of these kits for detecting pH1N1 virus. In this study, the performance of two commercial real-time PCR kits in Beijing was evaluated. Analysis of clinical samples showed that the positive detection rate for the AgPath-ID™ kit (38.2%) was significantly higher than that for the Da An H1N1 kit (30.0%) (McNemars chi-square test, P=0.000). The limit of detection (LOD) of the AgPath-ID™ kit was 10(2), 10(2), and 10(3) copies/reaction for the Influenza A (set 1), H1N1 Influenza A (set 2) and H1N1 Influenza A Sub H1 (set 3) genes, respectively, whereas the LOD of the Da An kit was 10(3) copies/reaction for both H1 and N1 genes. Although the AgPath-ID™ kit exhibited a significantly higher detection rate for pH1N1 than the Da An kit, cross-reactivity to A/PR8/34 was found for the AgPath-ID™ kit for H1N1 Influenza A (set 2).
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.