JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Managing HIV and Hodgkin lymphoma in the twenty-first century.
Curr Hematol Malig Rep
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is more frequent in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection than in immunocompetent patients. The relationship between the immune system and HL is complex. Whilst the incidence of HL in HIV patients has most likely increased since the introduction of combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART), there is no doubt that the outcomes for patients with HIV and HL (HIV-HL) have improved since its introduction. Improved CD4 counts and risk-adapted treatment schedules have resulted in outcomes for patients with HIV-HL that are comparable to those in HIV-negative patients with HL. Thus, HIV-HL should be treated in the same way as HL in immunocompetent patients, including the use of salvage chemotherapy and autologous transplant in the relapsed setting in HIV-HL. Along the same lines, patients with HIV-HL should not be excluded from trials based on their immune status alone.
Related JoVE Video
Early Failure of Frontline Rituximab-Containing Chemo-immunotherapy in Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma Does Not Predict Futility of Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 05-27-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The poor prognosis for patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who relapse within 1 year of initial diagnosis after first-line rituximab-based chemo-immunotherapy has created controversy about the role of autologous transplantation (HCT) in this setting. We compared autologous HCT outcomes for chemosensitive DLBCL patients between 2000 and 2011 in 2 cohorts based on time to relapse from diagnosis. The early rituximab failure (ERF) cohort consisted of patients with primary refractory disease or those with first relapse within 1 year of initial diagnosis. The ERF cohort was compared with those relapsing >1 year after initial diagnosis (late rituximab failure [LRF] cohort). ERF and LRF cohorts included 300 and 216 patients, respectively. Nonrelapse mortality (NRM), progression/relapse, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of ERF versus LRF cohorts at 3 years were 9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6% to 13%) versus 9% (95% CI, 5% to 13%), 47% (95% CI, 41% to 52%) versus 39% (95% CI, 33% to 46%), 44% (95% CI, 38% to 50%) versus 52% (95% CI, 45% to 59%), and 50% (95% CI, 44% to 56%) versus 67% (95% CI, 60% to 74%), respectively. On multivariate analysis, ERF was not associated with higher NRM (relative risk [RR], 1.31; P = .34). The ERF cohort had a higher risk of treatment failure (progression/relapse or death) (RR, 2.08; P < .001) and overall mortality (RR, 3.75; P <.001) within the first 9 months after autologous HCT. Beyond this period, PFS and OS were not significantly different between the ERF and LRF cohorts. Autologous HCT provides durable disease control to a sizeable subset of DLBCL despite ERF (3-year PFS, 44%) and remains the standard-of-care in chemosensitive DLBCL regardless of the timing of disease relapse.
Related JoVE Video
Prognostic factors for advanced-stage human immunodeficiency virus-associated classical Hodgkin lymphoma treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine plus combined antiretroviral therapy: A multi-institutional retrospective study.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The treatment and outcomes of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) continue to evolve. The International Prognostic Score (IPS) is used to predict the survival of patients with advanced-stage HL, but it has not been validated in patients with HIV infection.
Related JoVE Video
HIV status does not impair the outcome of patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma treated with R-CHOP in the cART era.
AIDS
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To compare the outcome of patients diagnosed with HIV infection and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP in the cART era with that of a HIV-negative control group.
Related JoVE Video
Autologous or Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Chemotherapy-Sensitive Mantle-Cell Lymphoma: Analysis of Transplantation Timing and Modality.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To examine the outcomes of patients with chemotherapy-sensitive mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL) following a first hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HCT), comparing outcomes with autologous (auto) versus reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic (RIC allo) HCT and with transplantation applied at different times in the disease course.
Related JoVE Video
EZH2 mutations are frequent and represent an early event in follicular lymphoma.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Gain of function mutations in the H3K27 methyltransferase EZH2 represent a promising therapeutic target in germinal center lymphomas. In this study, we assessed the frequency and distribution of EZH2 mutations in a large cohort of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) (n = 366) and performed a longitudinal analysis of mutation during the disease progression from FL to transformed FL (tFL) (n = 33). Mutations were detected at 3 recurrent mutation hot spots (Y646, A682, and A692) in 27% of FL cases with variant allele frequencies (VAF) ranging from 2% to 61%. By comparing VAF of EZH2 with other mutation targets (CREBBP, MLL2, TNFRSF14, and MEF2B), we were able to distinguish patients harboring clonal EZH2 mutation from rarer cases with subclonal mutations. Overall, the high incidence of EZH2 mutations in FL and their stability during disease progression makes FL an appropriate disease to evaluate EZH2 targeted therapy.
Related JoVE Video
Guideline on the prevention of secondary central nervous system lymphoma: British Committee for Standards in Haematology.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The guideline group was selected to be representative of UK-based medical experts. Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE and NCBI Pubmed were searched systematically for publications in English from 1980 to 2012 using the MeSH subheading lymphoma, CNS, lymphoma, central nervous system, lymphoma, high grade, lymphoma, Burkitts, lymphoma, lymphoblastic and lymphoma, diffuse large B cell as keywords, as well as all subheadings. The writing group produced the draft guideline, which was subsequently revised by consensus by members of the Haemato-oncology Task Force of the British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH). The guideline was then reviewed by a sounding board of ~50 UK haematologists, the BCSH and the British Society for Haematology (BSH) Committee and comments incorporated where appropriate. The GRADE system was used to quote levels and grades of evidence, details of which can be found in Appendix I. The objective of this guideline is to provide healthcare professionals with clear guidance on the optimal prevention of secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. The guidance may not be appropriate to patients of all lymphoma sub-types and in all cases individual patient circumstances may dictate an alternative approach. Acronyms are defined at time of first use.
Related JoVE Video
Stem cell mobilization in HIV seropositive patients with lymphoma.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 08-23-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
High-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood stem cell rescue has been reported as feasible and effective in HIV-associated lymphoma. Although a sufficient number of stem cells seems achievable in most patients, there are cases of stem cell harvest failure. The aim of this study was to describe the mobilization policies used in HIV-associated lymphoma, evaluate the failure rate and identify factors influencing mobilization results. We analyzed 155 patients who underwent attempted stem cell mobilization at 10 European centers from 2000-2012. One hundred and twenty patients had non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 35 Hodgkin lymphoma; 31% had complete remission, 57% chemosensitive disease, 10% refractory disease, 2% untested relapse. Patients were mobilized with chemotherapy + G-CSF (86%) or G-CSF alone (14%); 73% of patients collected >2 and 48% >5 × 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg. Low CD4+ count and refractory disease were associated with mobilization failure. Low CD4(+) count, low platelet count and mobilization with G-CSF correlated with lower probability to achieve >5 × 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg, whereas cyclophosphamide ? 3 g/m(2) + G-CSF predicted higher collections. Circulating CD34(+) cells and CD34/WBC ratio were strongly associated with collection result. HIV infection alone should not preclude an attempt to obtain stem cells in candidates for autologous transplant as the results are comparable to the HIV-negative population.
Related JoVE Video
Integrated genomic analysis identifies recurrent mutations and evolution patterns driving the initiation and progression of follicular lymphoma.
Nat. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Follicular lymphoma is an incurable malignancy, with transformation to an aggressive subtype representing a critical event during disease progression. Here we performed whole-genome or whole-exome sequencing on 10 follicular lymphoma-transformed follicular lymphoma pairs followed by deep sequencing of 28 genes in an extension cohort, and we report the key events and evolutionary processes governing tumor initiation and transformation. Tumor evolution occurred through either a rich or sparse ancestral common progenitor clone (CPC). We identified recurrent mutations in linker histone, JAK-STAT signaling, NF-?B signaling and B cell developmental genes. Longitudinal analyses identified early driver mutations in chromatin regulator genes (CREBBP, EZH2 and KMT2D (MLL2)), whereas mutations in EBF1 and regulators of NF-?B signaling (MYD88 and TNFAIP3) were gained at transformation. Collectively, this study provides new insights into the genetic basis of follicular lymphoma and the clonal dynamics of transformation and suggests that personalizing therapies to target key genetic alterations in the CPC represents an attractive therapeutic strategy.
Related JoVE Video
Indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with follicular lymphoma: a consensus project of the EBMT-Lymphoma Working Party.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The aim of this project was to define indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in follicular lymphoma in Europe. In the absence of evidence-based data, a RAND-modified Delphi procedure was used by an expert panel. After pre-defining statements, these were individually/anonymously scored by each participant using a 9-point scale. Consensus was reached that: 1) high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue is not an appropriate option to consolidate first remission in patients responding to immuno-chemotherapy outside clinical trials; 2) in patients with first chemo-sensitive relapse, high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue is an appropriate option to consolidate remission, especially in patients with a short response after immuno-chemotherapy or with high-risk FLIPI; 3) high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue is also appropriate in second/subsequent chemo-sensitive relapses; 4) allotransplant (preferably a reduced intensity conditioning-allotransplant) should be considered at relapse after high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue. No consensus was reached on the role of high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue in low-risk first relapse, or on when an allotransplant should be preferred over high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue. In the absence of evidence-based data, the consensus method used was a valuable tool to define indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplant in follicular lymphoma.
Related JoVE Video
The use of interim (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET to guide therapy in lymphoma.
Future Oncol
PUBLISHED: 05-31-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Over the past decade (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET combined with computed tomography has gained a central role in the management of patients with lymphoma. The use of FDG-PET for staging and assessing treatment response in Hodgkins and aggressive non-Hodgkins lymphoma is now well established, and the prognostic impact of the response to treatment assessed by FDG-PET is being increasingly recognized. Despite the widespread utilization of FDG-PET in clinical practice, key questions remain on its optimal use in certain contexts. One such area that is generating intense interest is the role of interim FDG-PET (typically performed after two to four cycles of chemotherapy) to guide treatment strategies. The authors will review the current available evidence in this area, highlighting questions in need of further study.
Related JoVE Video
Simplified validated prognostic model for progression-free survival after autologous transplantation for hodgkin lymphoma.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 05-20-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) prognostic models based on factors measured at time of autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) are limited by small sample sizes. Models based on information at diagnosis are often not uniformly collected or available at transplantation. We propose an easily implementable prognostic model for progression-free survival (PFS) post-AHCT based on factors available at transplantation in a large international cohort of HL patients. The outcomes of 728 AHCT recipients for relapsed/refractory HL were studied. Patients were randomly selected for model development (n = 337) and validation (n = 391). The multivariate model identified 4 major adverse risk factors at the time of AHCT with the following relative weights: Karnofsky performance score <90 and chemotherapy resistance at AHCT were each assigned 1 point, whereas at least 3 chemotherapy regimens pre-AHCT and extranodal disease at AHCT were each assigned 2 points. Based on the total score summed for the 4 adverse risk factors, 3 risk groups were identified: low (score = 0), intermediate (score = 1 to 3), or high (score = 4 to 6). The 4-year PFS for the low- (n = 176), intermediate- (n = 261), and high- (n = 283) risk groups were 71% (95% confidence interval [CI], 63% to 78%), 60% (95% CI, 53% to 66%), and 42% (95% CI, 36% to 49%), respectively. The prognostic model was validated in an independent cohort. The Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research model is based on factors easily available at the time of AHCT and discriminates patients with favorable post-AHCT outcomes as well as an intermediate-risk group. This model should assist in the prospective evaluation of alternative treatment strategies.
Related JoVE Video
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with lymphomatoid granulomatosis: a European group for blood and marrow transplantation report.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 05-18-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG) is a very rare, Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorder of B cells. Prognosis is poor, particularly after relapse and no curative treatment exists. We report the results of high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or reduced-intensity conditioning and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in patients with multiply relapsed LG. A European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation survey identified 10 patients who had received 9 ASCT and 4 alloSCT. All patients had active disease at the time of transplantation. With a median follow-up of 5.1 (range, 1.4 to 6.3) years, 6 patients are alive and disease-free. Two ASCT patients died of septicemia early after transplantation, and 1 committed suicide after being in continuous complete remission 19 months after ASCT. Another patient allografted 4 years after ASCT remained disease-free but died of severe graft-versus-host disease 3 months after alloSCT. High-dose therapy followed by ASCT and alloSCT are effective therapeutic options and should be considered in all patients with refractory and multiply relapsed LG.
Related JoVE Video
The microenvironment of AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphoma provides insight into the pathophysiology and indicates possible therapeutic strategies.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Despite the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), AIDS-related lymphoma remains common. We investigated the tumor, microenvironment, and viral components in 41 AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (AR-DLBCLs) in the pre- and post-HAART era. The outcome has improved and the frequency of the prognostically unfavorable immunoblastic histology has decreased after HAART. Compared with sporadic cases, AR-DLBCL demonstrated increased hyperproliferation (P < .001) and c-Myc rearrangements, reduced CD4(+) (P < .001) and FOXP3(+) T cells (P < .001), increased activated cytotoxic cells (P < .001), but no difference in tumor-associated macrophages. Our analysis showed that AR-DLBCL is highly angiogenic with higher blood-vessel density than sporadic cases (P < .001) and highlighted the role of Epstein-Barr virus in angiogenesis. We recognized viral profiles and as a second step examined the reactive cytotoxic cell infiltrates. Our observation of markedly higher numbers of cytotoxic cells in AR-DLBCL with LMP1 and/or p24 compared with cases lacking viral antigens (P < .001) has important clinical implications, implicitly linked to the immunosurveillance theory. Whereas early initiation of HAART should improve immunosurveillance and reduce the incidence of LMP1-positive AR-DLBCL, cases without viral antigens appear able to avoid immunologic reaction and likely require additional strategies to improve surveillance.
Related JoVE Video
Autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation for non-Hodgkin lymphoma with secondary CNS involvement.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 03-04-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Pre-existing central nervous system (CNS) involvement may influence referral for autologous haematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The outcomes of 151 adult patients with NHL with prior secondary CNS involvement (CNS(+) ) receiving an AHCT were compared to 4688 patients without prior CNS lymphoma (CNS(-) ). There were significant baseline differences between the cohorts. CNS(+) patients were more likely to be younger, have lower performance scores, higher age-adjusted international prognostic index scores, more advanced disease stage at diagnosis, more aggressive histology, more sites of extranodal disease, and a shorter interval between diagnosis and AHCT. However, no statistically significant differences were identified between the two groups by analysis of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 5 years. A matched pair comparison of the CNS(+) group with a subset of CNS(-) patients matched on propensity score also showed no differences in outcomes. Patients with active CNS lymphoma at the time of AHCT (n = 55) had a higher relapse rate and diminished PFS and OS compared with patients whose CNS lymphoma was in remission (n = 96) at the time of AHCT. CNS(+) patients can achieve excellent long-term outcomes with AHCT. Active CNS lymphoma at transplant confers a worse prognosis.
Related JoVE Video
Impact of pretransplantation conditioning regimens on outcomes of allogeneic transplantation for chemotherapy-unresponsive diffuse large B cell lymphoma and grade III follicular lymphoma.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patients with chemorefractory non-Hodgkin lymphomas generally have a poor prognosis. We used the observational database of the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research to study the outcome of 533 patients with refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or grade III follicular lymphoma (FL-III) who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) using either myeloablative (MA; n = 307) or reduced-intensity/nonmyeloablative conditioning (RIC/NST; n = 226) between 1998 and 2010. We analyzed nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse/progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Only 45% of the patients at transplantation had a Karnofsky performance score of ?90%. Median follow-up of surviving patients after MA and RIC/NST allo-HCT is 35 months and 30 months, respectively. At 3 years, MA allo-HCT was associated with a higher NRM compared with RIC/NST (53% versus 42%; P = .03), similar PFS (19% versus 23%; P = .40), and lower OS (19% versus 28%; P = .02), respectively. On multivariate analysis, FL-III histology was associated with lower NRM (relative risk [RR], .52), reduced risk of relapse/progression (RR, .42), and superior PFS (RR, .51) and OS (RR, .53), whereas MA conditioning was associated with reduced risk of relapse/progression (RR, .66). Despite a refractory state, a small subset of DLBCL and FL-III patients can attain durable remissions after allo-HCT. Conditioning regimen intensity was not associated with PFS and OS despite a higher risk of relapse/progression with RIC/NST allo-HCT.
Related JoVE Video
A retrospective, multi-center analysis of treatment intensification for human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients with high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
This analysis reviews the response rate (RR), treatment toxicity and overall survival (OS) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the impact of treatment intensification. Fifty patients, treated with either rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (R-CHOP) (n = 35) or cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, methotrexate/etoposide, ifosfamide, cytarabine (CODOX-M/IVAC) ± R (n = 15) chemotherapy, were included. Baseline characteristics did not differ between the two treatment groups. Forty-seven patients (94%) received rituximab and 48 (96%) received combination anti-retroviral therapy, with chemotherapy. The RR and treatment-related mortality were not significantly different between the two groups. Overall, 68% achieved complete remission. There were significantly more infections and non-hematological toxicities in the CODOX-M/IVAC ± R group. With a median follow-up of 28 months, 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and OS are 68% and 70%, respectively, with no significant differences in remission duration, PFS or OS between the groups. In our cohort, the outcome for HIV-positive patients with high-risk DLBCL is favorable. Treatment intensification is feasible, but demonstrated no advantage over R-CHOP.
Related JoVE Video
Use of zidovudine and interferon alfa with chemotherapy improves survival in both acute and lymphoma subtypes of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 10-31-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a mature (post-thymic) T-cell lymphoma associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infection. Survival in aggressive subtypes remains poor, and treatment resistance is frequent. Use of zidovudine (ZDV) and interferon alfa (IFN-?) has been associated with improved response rates in small studies and prolonged overall survival in leukemic ATLL subtypes in a recent meta-analysis.
Related JoVE Video
Alternate donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in non-Hodgkin lymphoma using lower intensity conditioning: a report from the CIBMTR.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 07-28-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We analyzed the outcomes of 248 (61% male) adult recipients of HLA-matched unrelated and HLA-mismatched related donor hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) after reduced or lower intensity conditioning (RIC), reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) from 1997 to 2004. Median age was 52 (range: 18-72 years); 31% had a Karnofsky performance score <90. Follicular NHL (43%) was the major histology. Incidence of grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 43% at 100 days; and chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was 44% at 3 years. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) at 100 days was 24%. Three-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 41% and 32%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, use of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and HLA mismatch were associated with increased TRM. High-grade histology, ATG use, and chemotherapy resistance were associated with lower PFS. Older age, shorter interval from diagnosis to HCT, non-total body irridiation (TBI) conditioning regimens, ex vivo T cell depletion, and HLA-mismatched unrelated donors were associated with mortality. GVHD did not influence relapse or PFS. Older age, aggressive histology, and chemotherapy resistance correlated with poorer survival. For selected patients with NHL, lack of an available sibling donor should not be a barrier to allogeneic HCT.
Related JoVE Video
Serum selenium concentration at diagnosis and outcome in patients with haematological malignancies.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 07-20-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We have previously reported presentation serum selenium level to be predictive of outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. This has now been studied in a further 430 patients, 163 with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), 156 with Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL), and 111 with Follicular Lymphoma (FL). Serum selenium was below the UK normal reference range in 45% of patients, and correlated with serum albumin (r=0·24-0·46, P<0·001-0·003) in all tumour types. Independent predictors of presentation selenium were; French-American-British subtype and albumin (P<0·001 for both) in AML, haemoglobin (P=0·002) and B-symptoms (P=0·01) in HL, and albumin (P<0·001) in FL. In AML and HL, response to first line therapy was lower in patients with low serum selenium, but selenium was no longer predictive of response when other variables were entered into a multivariate model. Low selenium was also associated with a worse overall survival in FL [Hazard Ratio (HR) 2·3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·4, 4·0] and a trend to a worse overall survival in AML (HR 1·43, 95% CI 0·96, 2·13) by univariate Cox regression analysis, but not by multivariate analysis. In conclusion, low serum selenium is associated with a worse outcome in patients with haematological malignancies, but is not independently predictive, suggesting that it reflects other factors.
Related JoVE Video
Transformation of indolent B-cell lymphomas.
J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Histologic transformation (HT) to an aggressive lymphoma is a well-described event in the natural history and clinical course of patients with so-called indolent lymphomas. This phenomenon has been studied most extensively in patients with follicular lymphoma and subsequent transformation to a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with little literature on HT in nonfollicular lymphomas. Despite a considerable body of information on the pathologic and molecular events associated with HT, its pathogenesis has remained elusive and the molecular information available has not been translated into clinical advances. It remains unclear if there is already a predisposition to HT and whether this can be detected at the time of diagnosis. The rituximab era has been characterized by a significant improvement in the prognosis of patients with B-cell lymphomas, but HT remains one of the most important challenges in the management of patients with indolent lymphoma, the difficulties starting with the diagnosis and definition of HT and ending with the appropriate management and treatment of the event. Going forward, it is crucial to incorporate HT as a major end point in clinical trials and to include patients with HT as subject of such studies if we are to see meaningful progress in the future.
Related JoVE Video
Prognostic factors in patients with HIV-associated peripheral T-cell lymphoma: a multicenter study.
Am. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
HIV infection has been associated with an increased risk of developing several types of malignancies, including aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL). However, this is a rare occurrence with no more than a hundred cases reported in the literature. The purpose of this multicenter study is to describe the characteristics and to identify prognostic factors in patients with HIV-associated PTCL. Data from HIV-positive patients with a pathological diagnosis of non-primary cutaneous, non-leukemic PTCL were gathered retrospectively and are reported using descriptive statistics. Univariate and multivariate survival analyses were also performed. Fifty one patients were included in our analysis. Median age was 38 years with a 5:1 male-to-female ratio. Patients presented with a median CD4(+) count of 173 cells mm?³, and a median HIV viral load of 334,787 copies ml?¹. The median time from HIV diagnosis to PTCL diagnosis was 4.5 years. About 75% of patients presented with advanced clinical stage and 66% with B symptoms. The most common subtypes were PTCLU (61%) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, 22%). None of the ALCL patients tested expressed ALK. The median overall survival (OS) for the group was 12 months. In the multivariate survival analysis, the use of HAART and patients performance status were independently associated with OS. HIV-associated PTCL presents predominantly in young men with low CD4(+) counts and high HIV viral loads. Both HIV-related and lymphoma-related factors were associated with OS.
Related JoVE Video
SNP rs6457327 in the HLA region on chromosome 6p is predictive of the transformation of follicular lymphoma.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 01-13-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Inherited risk determinants for follicular lymphoma (FL) have recently been described in the immune gene-rich human leukocyte antigen region on chromosome 6p. The known importance of host immune response to FL survival led us to evaluate these germline factors in FL outcome. We confirm the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms rs10484561 (P = 3.5 × 10??) and rs6457327 (P = .008) with risk of FL and demonstrate that rs6457327 predicts both time to (P = .02) and risk of (P < .01) FL transformation independently of clinical variables, including the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index.
Related JoVE Video
Weekly versus twice weekly bortezomib given in conjunction with rituximab, in patients with recurrent follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma and Waldenström macroglobulinaemia.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The combination of bortezomib and rituximab was evaluated in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), follicular lymphoma (FL) and Waldenström macroglobulinaemia (WM), in a Phase I and later, a randomized Phase II study. In the randomized study, 42 patients with recurrent/refractory disease received either: bortezomib 1·3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 of a 3-week cycle with rituximab 375 mg/m(2) on day 1 (21 patients) or: bortezomib 1·6 mg/m(2) and rituximab on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of a 5-week cycle (with rituximab being given only in cycles 1 and 4).Twenty-eight patients were withdrawn (toxicity 16, progression 7, and patient choice 5). The main toxicities were neurological, gastro-intestinal and haematological. The overall response rate was 28/42(67%) and by histology: MCL 11/19, FL 8/15, and WM 9/10. Ten of 28 responding patients remained progression-free at 1-3·5 years. Toxicity and efficacy were equivalent between the two groups. The combination has significant toxicity but is effective, particularly in patients with WM.
Related JoVE Video
Molecular signatures in the diagnosis and management of follicular lymphoma.
Curr. Opin. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 06-24-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Although karyotypic events in follicular lymphoma and its transformation to aggressive lymphoma have been well described, the underlying genetic changes have until recently remained obscure. Both germline and acquired molecular events are now known to predict disease risk and outcome, respectively. Recent developments in these fields are covered within this review.
Related JoVE Video
Follicular lymphoma: managing an indolent malignancy.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond)
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Follicular lymphoma is by far the most common indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma worldwide. Management is complicated by difficulty in accurately predicting individual outcomes and judging whether, when and how best to intervene. This article illustrates key issues in the management of this fascinating and enigmatic disease.
Related JoVE Video
Excellent immunological recovery following CODOX-M/IVAC, an effective intensive chemotherapy for HIV-associated Burkitts lymphoma.
AIDS
PUBLISHED: 02-04-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
: To retrospectively describe the recovery of cellular immunity and the clinical outcome of 30 patients with HIV-associated Burkitts lymphoma (HIV-BL), who were treated with the intensive chemotherapy CODOX-M/IVAC and HAART as part of their standard care.
Related JoVE Video
Surveillance investigations after high-dose therapy with stem cell rescue for recurrent follicular lymphoma have no impact on management.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The impact of active surveillance, comprising annual computed tomography scanning and bone marrow biopsies, in the follow-up of patients after high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue for recurrent follicular lymphoma was analyzed.
Related JoVE Video
Matched unrelated donor stem cell transplant in 131 patients with follicular lymphoma: an analysis from the Lymphoma Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
Br. J. Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 09-30-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Matched unrelated donor stem cell transplantation (MUD-SCT) provides the only curative option for patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) who fail conventional therapies and do not have a sibling donor. The purpose of this study was to analyse the outcome of patients with FL treated with MUD-SCT included in the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. 131 patients treated with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC, n = 87) or conventional myeloablative (CONV, n = 44) MUD-SCT between 2000 and 2005 were included. Median time from diagnosis to MUD-SCT was 47 months and the median number of previous therapeutic regimens was 4 (previous autograft: 47%). RIC recipients were significantly older, with a longer interval from diagnosis to MUD-SCT and had failed a previous autograft more frequently than CONV recipients. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 24% and 30% at 100-d and 1-year, respectively. After a median follow-up of 36 months, 17% of the patients developed disease progression, the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) being 47%. Three-year overall survival (OS) for the whole series was 51%. On multivariate analysis, RIC regimens were associated with at lower NRM and a significantly longer PFS and OS. This retrospective study demonstrated that MUD-SCT results, even in heavily pre-treated populations, in a meaningful PFS and OS.
Related JoVE Video
Transformation of follicular lymphoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma may occur by divergent evolution from a common progenitor cell or by direct evolution from the follicular lymphoma clone.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To investigate the cell of origin linking follicular (FL) and transformed (t-FL) lymphomas, we analyzed the somatic hypermutation (SHM) pattern of the variable region of the immunoglobulin heavy gene (IgH-VH) in 18 sequential FL/t-FL samples and a father (donor) and son (recipient), who developed FL and t-FL, after transplantation. Genealogic trees showed a pattern compatible with a common progenitor cell (CPC) origin in 13 cases. The identification of the t-FL clonotype in the previous FL sample and of the putative CPC sequence in both the FL/t-FL biopsies showed that the intraclonal diversity of FL and t-FL germinal centers (GCs) is more intricate than previously described, and all 3 clonotypes (CPC, FL, t-FL) may occur simultaneously within the same lymph node. On the basis of the father/son model, this CPC must be long-lived, providing a possible explanation for the incurable nature of this disease.
Related JoVE Video
Autologous and allogeneic transplantation for burkitt lymphoma outcomes and changes in utilization: a report from the center for international blood and marrow transplant research.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Trends in utilization and outcomes after autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for Burkitt lymphoma were analyzed in 241 recipients reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research between 1985 and 2007. The autologous HCT cohort had a higher proportion of chemotherapy-sensitive disease, peripheral blood grafts, and HCT in first complete remission (CR1). The use of autologous HCT has declined over time, with only 19% done after 2001. Overall survival at 5 years for the autologous cohort was 83% for those in CR1 and 31% for those not in CR1. Corresponding progression-free survival (PFS) was 78% and 27%, respectively. After allogeneic HCT, overall survival at 5 years was 53% and 20% for the CR1 and non-CR1 cohorts, whereas PFS was 50% and 19%, respectively. The most common cause of death was progressive lymphoma. Allogeneic HCT performed in a higher-risk subset (per National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines) resulted in a 5-year PFS of 27%. Autologous HCT resulted in a 5-year PFS of 44% in those undergoing transplantation in the second CR.
Related JoVE Video
Myeloablative chemotherapy for chemo-sensitive recurrent follicular lymphoma: potential benefit in second relapse.
Haematologica
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Defining the role of high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue in the therapeutic algorithm of follicular lymphoma remains a major challenge. In contrast to the acknowledged poor outcome associated with cyclophosphamide/total body irradiation conditioning in heavily pretreated patients, the prognostic impact of the number of previous therapy lines in patients treated with the chemotherapy-only containing regimen, BEAM, is unknown. From 1997 to 2008 80 patients (41 males, 39 females; median age, 51 years; range, 31-67) received high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue with BEAM for relapsed follicular lymphoma at our center. Overall survival and time-to-progression were analyzed according to the number of prior treatment lines. The median number of previous treatment lines was three, with 61% of the patients having received more than three lines (including rituximab in 47%). After a median follow-up of 76 months (range, 14-160), three patients developed secondary myelodysplastic syndrome. The 5-year overall survival rate was 71% and 5-year time-to-progression was 44%. There were no differences in time-to-progression or overall survival according to the number of previous treatment lines or episodes of disease. In conclusion, high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue with BEAM appears to be equally effective in second or third remission of follicular lymphoma.
Related JoVE Video
T-cell lymphomas in South america and europe.
Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Peripheral T-cell lymphomas are a group of rare neoplasms originating from clonal proliferation of mature post-thymic lymphocytes with different entities having specific biological characteristics and clinical features. As natural killer cells are closely related to T-cells, natural killer-cell lymphomas are also part of the group. The current World Health Organization classification recognizes four categories of T/natural killer-cell lymphomas with respect to their presentation: disseminated (leukemic), nodal, extranodal and cutaneous. Geographic variations in the distribution of these diseases are well documented: nodal subtypes are more frequent in Europe and North America, while extranodal forms, including natural killer-cell lymphomas, occur almost exclusively in Asia and South America. On the whole, T-cell lymphomas are more common in Asia than in western countries, usually affect adults, with a higher tendency in men, and, excluding a few subtypes, usually have an aggressive course and poor prognosis. Apart from anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma, that have a good outcome, other nodal and extranodal forms have a 5-year overall survival of about 30%. According to the principal prognostic indexes, the majority of patients are allocated to the unfavorable subset. In the past, the rarity of these diseases prevented progress in the understanding of their biology and improvements in the efficaciousness of therapy. Recently, international projects devoted to these diseases created networks promoting investigations on T-cell lymphomas. These projects are the basis of forthcoming cooperative, large scale trials to detail biologic characteristics of each sub-entity and to possibly individuate targets for new therapies.
Related JoVE Video
HIV status does not influence outcome in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chemotherapy using doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era.
J. Clin. Oncol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The prognosis of HIV-infected patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era approaches that of the general population when they are treated with the same protocols. We analyzed the outcome of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) in the HAART era according to HIV serostatus to establish whether this also holds true for HL.
Related JoVE Video
Watchful waiting in low-tumor burden follicular lymphoma in the rituximab era: results of an F2-study database.
J. Clin. Oncol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) registered in the F2-study and initially managed without treatment were analyzed to describe the presentation and outcome of a watch and wait (W&W) strategy in the rituximab era, to identify parameters for initiating treatment, and to evaluate whether initial W&W could have deleterious effects on treatment efficacy after progression or relapse.
Related JoVE Video
Human immunodeficiency virus-associated plasmablastic lymphoma: poor prognosis in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Cancer
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive B-cell lymphoma strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The authors conducted a multi-institutional, retrospective study to describe characteristics and determine prognostic factors in HIV-associated PBL.
Related JoVE Video
Interim fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-PET predicts response and progression-free survival in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma and HIV infection.
AIDS
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Interim PET scans in HIV-negative patients with Hodgkin lymphoma has emerged as one of the most important prognostic tools. However, equivalent studies in HIV-positive patients are yet to be performed.
Related JoVE Video
Early relapse and refractory disease remain risk factors in the anthracycline and autologous transplant era for patients with relapsed/refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma: a single centre intention-to-treat analysis.
Br. J. Haematol.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
An intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis was performed in 103 unselected patients with relapsed/refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) comparing early relapse (<12 months) or failure of first-line therapy (ER/FTF) with late relapses (LR). Seventy one percentage proceeded to high-dose therapy/autologous stem cell rescue (HDT/ASCR) following salvage treatment. By ITT, 5-year overall survival (OS) was 50% for ER/FTF compared to 73% for LR patients (P = 0·012). However OS was equivalent for both groups if salvage treatment response was adequate to proceed to HDT/ASCR. ER/FTF patients remain a high-risk group largely due to a failure of salvage therapy: a point at which novel interventions could impact survival.
Related JoVE Video
The value of semiquantitative analysis in identifying diffuse bone marrow involvement in follicular lymphoma.
Nucl Med Commun
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate the value of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-PET/computed tomography (CT) in identifying diffuse bone marrow (BM) involvement in follicular lymphoma using semiquantitative assessment.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.