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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Reconstructing full-length ureteral defects using a spiral bladder muscle flap with vascular pedicles.
Urology
PUBLISHED: 01-27-2014
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This study investigates the efficacy of ureteral reconstruction using a spiral bladder muscle flap with vascular pedicles (ie, the superior vesical arteries) to repair full-length ureteral defects and explores a surgical approach for repairing long ureteral defects (>20 cm) using a bladder muscle flap.
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Neuroprotective effect of erythropoietin-loaded composite microspheres on retinal ganglion cells in rats.
Eur J Pharm Sci
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2011
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This study explored a sustained neuroprotective erythropoietin (EPO) loaded composite microspheres system on injured retinal ganglion cells (RGC). The EPO was first loaded into dextran microparticles to keep its bioactivity using a novel "aqueous-aqueous emulsion" technique. The microspheres were finally formed by encapsulating the microparticles into Poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide)/Poly (DL-lactide) (PLGA/PLA). A single dose of microspheres was intraperitoneally administrated on the optic nerve crush of rats and compared with multiple doses of EPO solution to investigate the long acting effect of microspheres on RGC. The results demonstrated that the release of microspheres could last for at least 60 days in an in vitro study. The animal experiments showed a similar neuroprotective effect between the single dose microspheres and the multiple doses of EPO solution. So we can draw a conclusion that the EPO-loaded PLGA/PLA microspheres were feasible for neurodegeneration diseases in the retina and central nervous system (CNS).
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Emergency ureteroscopic treatment for upper urinary tract calculi obstruction associated with acute renal failure: feasible or not?
J. Endourol.
PUBLISHED: 10-19-2010
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To determine the efficacy and safety of emergency ureteroscopy (URS) and holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy for ureteral calculi that are associated with acute renal failure (ARF).
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Retrograde ureteroscopic treatment for upper ureteral stones: a 5-year retrospective study.
J. Endourol.
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2010
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To review our 5-year experience with retrograde ureteroscopic treatment for patients with upper ureteral stones and to compare the outcome, safety, and efficiency of pneumatic and holmium laser lithotripsy in managing upper ureteral stones.
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Minimally invasive tract in percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal stones.
J. Endourol.
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2010
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The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and morbidity of minimally invasive tract in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (Mini-PCNL) for renal stones in comparison with the standard PCNL.
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Minimally invasive technique for the concealed penis lead to longer penile length.
Pediatr. Surg. Int.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2010
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The aim of this study is to report a simple and minimally invasive surgical technique for congenital concealed penis repair.
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Long-term culture and transplantation of spermatogonial stem cells from BALB/c mice.
Cells Tissues Organs (Print)
PUBLISHED: 01-14-2010
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Development of a culture system that supports self-renewal and proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) is enormously valuable for experimental research and potential treatment for male infertility. Although several research groups had reported their successes in SSC isolation and culture, the two current accepted culture systems are different in cell enrichment methods, serum and growth factors. Previous researches also indicated SSCs from different mouse strains required different culture conditions. Here we report for the first time that SSCs from BALB/c mice could be cultured in an improved culture system for 3 months. The modified culture system consisted of an improved enzymatic procedure, the enrichment of undifferentiated spermatogonia by differential adherence selection of isolated SSCs, mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder cells, StemPro-34 SFM medium supplemented with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), basic fibroblast growth factor and GDNF-family receptor alpha1 (GFRalpha1). The improved digestion method increased the viability and enrichment efficiency of isolated testis cells. Furthermore, basal culture medium with 10% fetal bovine serum as selected medium could increase the number of germ cell colonies in the initiation stage of culture. Cultured SSCs were characterized morphologically and formed typical colonies. Immunocytochemical staining and RT-PCR showed that cultured SSCs expressed Oct-4, GFRalpha1, Sox2 and several other special genes resembling undifferentiated spermatogonia. Spermatogonia transplantation further confirmed that cultured SSCs were functionally normal and could restore complete spermatogenesis. The culture methods described here could serve as a paradigm to establish conditions for the culture of SSCs from other species, allowing identification of universal factors necessary for proliferation of SSCs.
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Formulating protein therapeutics into particulate forms.
Expert Opin Drug Deliv
PUBLISHED: 08-12-2009
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This review is aimed at providing critical comments on selected approaches to formulating protein drugs into particulate forms feasible as practical pharmaceutical dosage forms. From a practical point of view, the need to formulate protein therapeutics into particulate forms includes inhalation and sustained-release delivery proteins, stabilizing and incorporating proteins into tissue engineering scaffolds and medical devices, as well as protecting and targeting protein therapeutics in an in vivo environment. For either of the applications, a common challenge is that proteins are easily denatured during particle-forming processes in which water-oil or water-air interfaces, multivalent ions or polyelectrolytes, strong shear stress and/or reactive crosslinking agents are often involved. Moreover, methods to protect proteins during the particle-forming processes must not compromise their pharmaceutical objectives, such as encapsulation efficiency, burst-free controlled release and storage convenience. Although numerous methods have been reported to formulate proteins into particulate systems, few of them meet the criteria above. To stimulate critical and interactive readings of the vast and booming information, the authors also provide their analysis regarding the feasibility of the formulation strategies summarized in this review.
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Tissue-engineered tubular graft for urinary diversion after radical cystectomy in rabbits.
J. Surg. Res.
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Clinically, using ileal conduit for urinary diversion often caused many serious complications. Tissue engineering technology may offer an alternative method for urinary diversion after radical cystectomy. In this study, we aimed to make a tissue-engineered tubular graft (TETG) using bladder epithelial cells and bladder acellular matrix (BAM) for urinary diversion in rabbits.
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Effects of erythropoietin-dextran microparticle-based PLGA/PLA microspheres on RGCs.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
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We explored the neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin (EPO)-loaded dextran microparticle-based Poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide)/Poly(DL-lactide) (PLGA/PLA) microspheres (EPO-dextran PLGA/PLA microspheres) on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in optic nerve crush rats for a prolonged period of time.
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Differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells promotes regeneration of smooth muscle for ureteral tissue engineering.
J. Surg. Res.
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The purpose of the present study was to assess the differentiation potential of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) into smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and their potential for promoting regeneration of smooth muscle for ureteral tissue engineering.
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A scalable fabrication process of polymer microneedles.
Int J Nanomedicine
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While polymer microneedles may easily be fabricated by casting a solution in a mold, either centrifugation or vacuumizing is needed to pull the viscous polymer solution into the microholes of the mold. We report a novel process to fabricate polymer microneedles with a one-sided vacuum using a ceramic mold that is breathable but water impermeable. A polymer solution containing polyvinyl alcohol and polysaccharide was cast in a ceramic mold and then pulled into the microholes by a vacuum applied to the opposite side of the mold. After cross-linking and solidification through freeze-thawing, the microneedle patch was detached from the mold and transferred with a specially designed instrument for the drying process, during which the patch shrank evenly to form an array of regular and uniform needles without deformation. Moreover, the shrinkage of the patches helped to reduce the needles size to ease microfabrication of the male mold. The dried microneedle patches were finally punched to the desired sizes to achieve various properties, including sufficient strength to penetrate skin, microneedles-absorbed water-swelling ratios, and drug-release kinetics. The results showed that the microneedles were strong enough to penetrate pigskin and that their performance was satisfactory in terms of swelling and drug release.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.