JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
The effect of talking about psychological trauma with a significant other on heart rate reactivity in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Psychiatry Res
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) commonly make efforts to avoid trauma-oriented conversations with their significant others, which may interfere with the natural recovery process. Trauma-oriented conversations can be experienced as physiologically arousing, depending on the intensity of PTSD symptoms and perceptions of social support. In the current investigation, changes in heart rate responses to a trauma-oriented social interaction with a significant other were assessed. Perceived supportive and unsupportive or negative social interactions were examined as moderators of the association between heart rate changes to this context and intensity of PTSD symptoms. A total of 46 individuals with PTSD completed diagnostic interviews and self-report measures of symptoms and perceived supportive and negative social interactions during a trauma-oriented social interaction with a significant other. Heart rate was continuously measured during this interaction. Results showed that engagement in a trauma-oriented social interaction was predictive of elevations in heart rate that positively correlated with intensity of PTSD symptoms. The moderation hypothesis was partially supported. In addition, perceived negative social interactions positively correlated with elevations in heart rate. These findings can inform social intervention efforts for individuals with PTSD.
Related JoVE Video
Validating the content of a brief informational intervention to empower patients and spouses facing breast cancer: perspectives of both couple members.
J Cancer Surviv
PUBLISHED: 03-30-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The study objectives were to identify key information components that would be the basic content of a brief informational intervention, developed from a population perspective, to empower individual couple members facing breast cancer and to validate the relevance and acceptability of these components.
Related JoVE Video
Assessment of the Psychosocial Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life in a PTSD Clinical Sample.
Traumatology (Tallahass Fla)
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Although a wide array of the scientific literature explores the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, coping strategies, and social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as an outcome variable, their connections remain unclear. It is unknown whether PTSD symptom severity, coping strategies, and social support explain each a unique portion of variance of HRQoL of individuals with PTSD. In the current study, based on pretreatment results of a broader study assessing a specific intervention for PTSD, 94 individuals with PTSD were screened for psychiatric disorders and completed several questionnaires concerning social support, coping strategies, PTSD symptoms, and HRQoL. Coping strategies, social support, and PTSD all appeared to be predictors of HRQoL; however, PTSD seemed to constitute the major predictor among these variables. Indeed, coping strategies and social support did not explain a unique share of variability of HRQoL beyond that of PTSD symptomatology. A causal pathway integrating these variables should be tested in future studies.
Related JoVE Video
Relative Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Administered by Videoconference for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Six-Month Follow-Up.
J Aggress Maltreat Trauma
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Until recently, only one study was published on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in individual therapy via videoconference (Germain, Marchand, Bouchard, Drouin, & Guay, 2009); however, it only assessed the posttreatment effect. This study presents the follow-up of Germain et al.s (2009) study. The main goal was to compare the effectiveness after six months of CBT for PTSD either face-to-face (n = 24) or by videoconference (n = 12). Each participant received CBT for 16 to 25 weeks and completed various questionnaires before and after treatment and at a six-month follow-up. The two treatments had equivalent levels of symptom reduction (Modified PTSD Symptom Scale: ?(2) < 0.01, p > .05) and proportion of patients with a clinically significant change in symptoms (42% for face-to-face vs. 38% for videoconferencing, p > .05). Thus, CBT for PTSD via videoconference seems to be a viable alternative when adequate face-to-face treatments are less available.
Related JoVE Video
How Do Social Interactions with a Significant Other Affect PTSD Symptoms? An Empirical Investigation with a Clinical Sample.
J Aggress Maltreat Trauma
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Social support and coping are both related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but the mechanisms underlying their relationships remain unclear. This study explores these relationships by examining the perceived frequency of supportive and countersupportive interactions with a significant other in PTSD patients. Ninety-six participants with PTSD were recruited and completed questionnaires assessing social interactions, ways of coping, and PTSD symptoms. Associations of social interactions (r(2) = 4.1%-7.9%, p < .05) and coping (r(2) = 15.9%-16.5%, p < .001) with symptoms were independent, and suggested a direct association between social interactions and PTSD. Countersupportive interactions were more associated to symptoms than supportive interactions. Our findings suggest the development of psychotherapies that integrate social support interventions.
Related JoVE Video
Assessment of the therapeutic alliance in face-to-face or videoconference treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw
PUBLISHED: 06-10-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Telepsychotherapy is a cutting-edge intervention that shows great promise in the mental health care field. However, the possibility of developing a high-quality therapeutic alliance is often doubted when psychotherapy is provided remotely. This study assesses the development of a therapeutic alliance in individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder who were treated either by videoconference therapy or a face-to-face therapy. Forty-six participants with PTSD received cognitive behavioral therapy, 17 of them by videoconference and 29 in person. A variety of questionnaires evaluating the quality of the therapeutic relationship were administered at five different times during treatment. Each session was also assessed by the therapist and the participant immediately afterwards. The results indicate that a therapeutic alliance can develop very well in both treatment conditions and that there is no significant difference between the two. Certain clinical and practical implications are discussed.
Related JoVE Video
Persistence of sleep disturbances following cognitive-behavior therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder.
J Psychosom Res
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The objectives of the present study were (1) to assess the impact of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on associated sleep disturbances and (2) to explore the correlates of persistent sleep difficulties in terms of anxiety and depression symptoms and perceived health.
Related JoVE Video
[The relationship between social support, psychological stress and the risk of developing anxiety disorders in men and women: results of a national study].
Can J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 10-21-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Investigate the links between different types of social support, psychological well-being and distress among individuals with anxiety disorders.
Related JoVE Video
Patterns of confidant use among patients and spouses in the year after breast cancer.
J Cancer Surviv
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We describe the frequency of, satisfaction with, and characteristics associated with confidant use among patients and their spouse in the year after diagnosis of non-metastatic breast cancer.
Related JoVE Video
Psychological and relationship distress among partners of civilian PTSD patients.
J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 07-15-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Significant others of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may experience both intrapersonal and interpersonal distress as caregivers. The aim of the present study is 3-fold: (1) to examine symptoms of psychological and relationship distress (anxiety, depression, and dyadic adjustment) among partners of civilian patients with PTSD, (2) to investigate the links between partners distress and PTSD patients symptoms (severity; intrusion, avoidance, and arousal subscales), and (3) to explore the perception of mental and physical health, types of trauma and compare partners and PTSD patients measures. Fifty-seven PTSD patients and their partners filled out 4 questionnaires: Marital Adjustment Test, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II, and Medical Outcome Survey-Short Form-12. Results showed that only a minority of partners presented clinical levels of depression (16.7%), anxiety (14.8%), and relationship distress (37%). Pearson correlations analyses revealed an absence of statistically significant relationship between partners distress and PTSD patients symptoms. In conclusion, although our study is not a direct validation of the secondary traumatic stress model, our findings fail to provide strong support to the secondary traumatic stress hypothesis among partners of civilian PTSD patients.
Related JoVE Video
Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy administered by videoconference for posttraumatic stress disorder.
Cogn Behav Ther
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Telehealth, or health care via videoconferencing, constitutes a clinical option that makes it possible to treat patients remotely. A growing number of studies have demonstrated that telehealth is a feasible and effective method for diagnostic interviews and psychiatric consultations. However, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of psychotherapy given by videoconference. This study examines the effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) administered by videoconference for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Forty-eight participants with PTSD were recruited for the study: 16 in the videoconferencing condition and 32 in a control face-to-face condition. Each participant received CBT for 16 to 25 weeks and completed various questionnaires before and after treatment. The results show a significant decline in the frequency and severity of posttraumatic symptoms after treatment in both conditions. A clinical improvement in overall functioning was also observed. No significant difference was observed in the effectiveness of the two therapeutic conditions. The examination of effect sizes supports these results. A number of clinical implications and certain avenues for future research are discussed.
Related JoVE Video
Impact of sleep disturbances on PTSD symptoms and perceived health.
J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
More than two-thirds of individuals with PTSD report significant sleep difficulties that correlate positively with PTSD symptom severity. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of sleep disturbances on PTSD symptom severity and perceived health. Ninety-two volunteer treatment-seeking adults with PTSD were administered a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID; First, Spitzer, Gibbon and William, 1996), and a series of questionnaires assessing PTSD symptom severity, perceived health, sleep, and alcohol use. Results from regression analyses revealed that sleep quality has an impact on PTSD symptom severity and perceived mental health, even when the effect of other potential confounding variables (sociodemographic data, trauma-related characteristics, psychiatric comorbidities, alcohol, and psychotropic medication use) is controlled for. The present study highlights the important influence sleep has on the severity of PTSD symptoms. Future studies could explore whether the addition of interventions focusing on sleep help optimize PTSD treatment.
Related JoVE Video
[Alcohol and drug consumption in students exposed to the Dawson College shooting: a gender-based analysis].
Can J Psychiatry
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To study alcohol and drug addiction incidence in students exposed to the Dawson College shooting within the 18 months following the event, to identify the precursors of a psychoactive substance addiction development while considering the severity of event exposure, and to examine whether alcohol use, 18 months after the event, is related to any of the various posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom groups.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.