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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Prevalence and Use of Complementary Health Approaches among Women with Chronic Pelvic Pain in a Prospective Cohort Study.
Pain Med
PUBLISHED: 10-04-2014
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The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with use of complementary health approaches among women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP).
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Effect of enhanced information, values clarification, and removal of financial barriers on use of prenatal genetic testing: a randomized clinical trial.
JAMA
PUBLISHED: 09-24-2014
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Prenatal genetic testing guidelines recommend providing patients with detailed information to allow informed, preference-based screening and diagnostic testing decisions. The effect of implementing these guidelines is not well understood.
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Longitudinal effects of parental, child and neighborhood factors on moderate-vigorous physical activity and sedentary time in Latino children.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2014
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BackgroundModerate-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA) confers beneficial effects on child musculoskeletal health, cardiovascular fitness, and psychosocial well-being; in contrast, sedentary time (%SED) is emerging as a risk factor for health. This study aimed to identify parental, child and neighborhood factors influencing longitudinal assessments of body mass index (BMI) and activity patterns among Latino children, and to estimate lagged and cross-lagged effects between child BMI, %MVPA and %SED.MethodsA longitudinal design with assessments at baseline, 1 and 2 years follow-up (FU) was used to evaluate the effects of maternal and paternal factors (BMI, age, education level, acculturation, household income and household size), child factors (gender, age, BMI, pubertal status) and neighborhood factors (disorder, victimization) on child BMI, %MVPA and %SED, expressed as a percent of awake time, in 282 Latino children ages 8¿10 y and their parents. This study was restricted to families with a mother and biological father or father figure in the child¿s life.ResultsAcross time, total daily accelerometer counts (p¿=¿0.04) and steps decreased (p¿=¿0.0001), %SED increased (p¿=¿0.0001), and %MVPA decreased (p¿=¿0.02). Moderate lagged effects or tracking was seen for %MVPA and %SED (p¿=¿0.001). %MVPA varied by gender (5.5% higher in boys than girls, p¿=¿0.0001); child age (¿0.4% per year, p¿=¿0.03), and child BMI in boys only (¿0.22%, p¿=¿0.0002). Negative effects of paternal age, maternal education and maternal changes in BMI on %MVPA also were seen. %SED increased with child age (2.5% higher per year, p¿=¿0.0001). Positive effects of paternal acculturation, maternal change in BMI, paternal age, and negative effects of household size on %SED were observed. A cross-lagged positive effect of BMI at FU1 on %SED at FU2 was observed for boys and girls (p¿=¿0.03). Neighborhood disorder and victimization were not significant predictors of child BMI, %MVPA or %SED.ConclusionThe major child determinants of physical activity (age, gender and BMI) and minor parental influences (maternal BMI and education, paternal age and acculturation) should be considered in designing interventions to promote %MVPA and reduce %SED among Latino children as they approach adolescence.
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Day-to-Day Impact of Vaginal Aging questionnaire: a multidimensional measure of the impact of vaginal symptoms on functioning and well-being in postmenopausal women.
Menopause
PUBLISHED: 07-02-2014
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This study aims to develop a self-report questionnaire assessing the impact of vaginal dryness, soreness, itching, irritation, and pain on functioning and well-being in postmenopausal women.
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Stress and Coping with Racism and Their Role in Sexual Risk for HIV Among African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men.
Arch Sex Behav
PUBLISHED: 05-05-2014
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The deleterious effects of racism on a wide range of health outcomes, including HIV risk, are well documented among racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States. However, little is known about how men of color who have sex with men (MSM) cope with stress from racism and whether the coping strategies they employ buffer against the impact of racism on sexual risk for HIV transmission. We examined associations of stress and coping with racism with unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in a sample of African American (N = 403), Asian/Pacific Islander (N = 393), and Latino (N = 400) MSM recruited in Los Angeles County, CA during 2008-2009. Almost two-thirds (65 %) of the sample reported being stressed as a consequence of racism experienced within the gay community. Overall, 51 % of the sample reported having UAI in the prior 6 months. After controlling for race/ethnicity, age, nativity, marital status, sexual orientation, education, HIV serostatus, and lifetime history of incarceration, the multivariate analysis found statistically significant main effects of stress from racism and avoidance coping on UAI; no statistically significant main effects of dismissal, education/confrontation, and social-support seeking were observed. None of the interactions of stress with the four coping measures were statistically significant. Although stress from racism within the gay community increased the likelihood of engaging in UAI among MSM of color, we found little evidence that coping responses to racism buffered stress from racism. Instead, avoidance coping appears to suggest an increase in UAI.
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A randomized, controlled trial to increase discussion of breast cancer in primary care.
Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
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Assessment and discussion of individual risk for breast cancer within the primary care setting are crucial to discussion of risk reduction and timely referral.
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Mode of delivery and postpartum depression: the role of patient preferences.
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between strength of preference for vaginal delivery, delivery mode undergone, and postpartum depression.
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What Type of Social Support Influences Self-Reported Physical and Mental Health Among Older Women?
J Aging Health
PUBLISHED: 04-14-2014
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We examined which types of social support were associated with older women's self-report of physical and mental health and whether the effects of social support were moderated by race/ethnicity.
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Randomized controlled trial of Nuevo Amanecer: a peer-delivered stress management intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas with breast cancer.
Clin Trials
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2014
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Latinas with breast cancer suffer symptom and psychosocial health disparities. Effective interventions have not been developed for or tested in this population.
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Sleep problems among women with noncancerous gynecologic conditions.
J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2014
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To estimate the prevalence of and identify factors associated with poor sleep quality and short sleep duration among women with noncancerous gynecologic conditions.
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Association between vaginal birth after cesarean delivery and primary cesarean delivery rates.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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To estimate the association between vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) rates and primary cesarean delivery rates in California hospitals.
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Health status, sexual and drug risk, and psychosocial factors relevant to postrelease planning for HIV+ prisoners.
J Correct Health Care
PUBLISHED: 10-01-2013
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The prevalence of HIV infection among male prison inmates is significantly higher than in the U.S. population. Adequate planning to ensure continued medication adherence and continuity of care after release is important for this population. This study describes the prerelease characteristics of 162 incarcerated HIV-positive men (40 from jails and 122 from prisons). The results include a demographic description of the sample and the participants sexual risk behaviors, substance use, health status and HIV medication adherence, health care utilization, mental health, and family and social support. The results highlight a potentially high level of need for services and low levels of support and social connectedness. Postrelease planning should include support for improving HIV medication adherence as well as reducing both sexual and injection drug-related transmission risk for these individuals.
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Diabetes risk in older Mexican Americans: effects of language acculturation, generation and socioeconomic status.
J Cross Cult Gerontol
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2013
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The effect of language acculturation, socioeconomic status (SES), and immigrant generation on development of diabetes among Mexican Americans was evaluated in the Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (HEPESE). HEPESE is a longitudinal cohort study of 3,050 non-institutionalized Mexican Americans aged 65 years at baseline (1993-1994) from 5 Southwestern states. Diabetes incidence was ascertained in 4 follow-up surveys to 2004-05 by respondent self-reported physician-diagnosis of diabetes, high blood glucose, or sugar in the urine. Language of interview, immigrant generation, gender, age, education, family history of diabetes, smoking status, alcohol use, health insurance type and self-reported height and weight were assessed. High socioeconomic status (SES) was defined by high school graduation and non-Medicaid insurance. Coxs proportional hazards models were fit to evaluate the effects of language acculturation, generation and SES on incident diabetes. 845 of 3,050 (27.7%) Mexican Americans had diabetes at baseline and were younger, more educated, and more likely to have health insurance than those without diabetes. Risk of developing diabetes increased for Spanish-speaking respondents with low SES from 1st to 3rd generation (HR = 1.76, 95% CI = 1.02-3.03) and from 2nd to 3rd generation (HR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.20-3.84). Among English-speaking, high SES participants, generation had a protective effect on developing diabetes: HR = 0.45 (95% CI = 0.22-0.91) when comparing 3rd versus 1st generation. The effect of language acculturation and immigrant generation on incident diabetes is moderated by SES status in HEPESE participants.
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Social network characteristics and HIV risk among African American, Asian/Pacific Islander, and Latino men who have sex with men.
J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
PUBLISHED: 08-13-2013
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To examine how social networks influence HIV risk among US racial/ethnic minority men who have sex with men (MSM) and whether the associations of social network characteristics with risk vary by race/ethnicity.
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Mother-reported sleep, accelerometer-estimated sleep and weight status in Mexican American children: sleep duration is associated with increased adiposity and risk for overweight/obese status.
J Sleep Res
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2013
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We know of no studies comparing parent-reported sleep with accelerometer-estimated sleep in their relation to paediatric adiposity. We examined: (i) the reliability of mother-reported sleep compared with accelerometer-estimated sleep; and (ii) the relationship between both sleep measures and child adiposity. The current cross-sectional study included 303 Mexican American mother-child pairs recruited from Kaiser Permanente Northern California. We measured sleep duration using maternal report and accelerometry and child anthropometrics. Concordance between sleep measures was evaluated using the Bland-Altman method. We conducted zero-ordered correlations between mother-reported sleep, accelerometer-estimated sleep and child BMI z-scores (BMIz). Using linear regression, we examined three models to assess child BMIz with mother-reported sleep (model 1), accelerometer-estimated sleep (model 2) and both sleep measures (model 3). Children had an average age of 8.86 years (SD = 0.82). Mothers reported that their child slept 9.81 ± 0.74 h [95% confidence interval (CI): 9.72, 9.89], compared to 9.58 ± 0.71 h (95% CI: 9.50, 9.66) based on accelerometry. Mother-reported sleep and accelerometer-estimated sleep were correlated (r = 0.33, P < 0.001). BMIz outcomes were associated negatively with mother-reported sleep duration (model 1: ? = -0.13; P = 0.02) and accelerometer-estimated sleep duration (model 2: ? = -0.17; P < 0.01). Accounting for both sleep measures, only accelerometer-measured sleep was related to BMIz (model 3: ? = -0.14, P = 0.02). Each sleep measure was related significantly to adiposity, independent of covariates. Accelerometry appeared to be a more reliable measure of childrens sleep than maternal report, yet maternal report may be sufficient to examine the sleep-adiposity relationship when resources are limited.
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Contributions of hysterectomy and uterus-preserving surgery to health-related quality of life.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 06-22-2013
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To document the long-term effect of surgical interventions for noncancerous uterine conditions on health-related quality of life.
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Contributions of Hysterectomy and Uterus-Preserving Surgery to Health-Related Quality of Life.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2013
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OBJECTIVE:: To document the long-term effect of surgical interventions for noncancerous uterine conditions on health-related quality of life. METHODS:: The Study of Pelvic Problems, Hysterectomy and Intervention Alternatives, conducted between 1998 and 2008, was a longitudinal study of 1,503 women with intact uteri experiencing abnormal uterine bleeding with or without leiomyomas, chronic pelvic pain, or pressure resulting from leiomyomas. Baseline and follow-up questionnaires included three condition-specific measures (Pelvic Problem Resolution, Pelvic Problem Impact Overall, and Pelvic Problem Impact on Sex) and five generic measures (Short Form-12 Mental and Physical Component Summaries, Current Health Utility, Feelings about Heath, and Satisfaction with Sex). We modeled changes over time in these patient-reported outcomes stratified by the most invasive treatment undergone (hysterectomy [13.7%], uterus-preserving surgery [9.0%], or nonsurgical therapy [77.3%]). RESULTS:: Participants in all three groups reported significant improvement on all condition-specific measures and two of the five generic measures (Current Health Utility and Feelings about Health) from enrollment to final interview (all P values <.01). In general, greater improvements were experienced by women who had surgery. Trajectories modeled around the dates of surgery showed dramatic improvements after hysterectomy and, to a lesser degree, after uterus-preserving surgery. Although women who underwent uterus-preserving surgery tended to show immediate improvement, women who underwent hysterectomy experienced a 6-month delay in improvement in some outcomes with trajectories converging by 4 years postsurgery. CONCLUSION:: Women seeking care for noncancerous uterine conditions can expect to experience improvement over time. Those who opt for surgery may experience most improvement. Understanding health-related quality-of-life trajectories may enhance counseling for women deciding between hysterectomy and alternative interventions. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: II.
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Disruptions in ovarian function are related to depression and cardiometabolic risk during premenopause.
Menopause
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent to which mild disruptions in ovarian function, indexed by changes in menstrual cycle length, may relate to cardiometabolic and psychological health in premenopausal women.
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Risk adjustment for health care financing in chronic disease: what are we missing by failing to account for disease severity?
Med Care
PUBLISHED: 05-25-2013
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Adjustment for differing risks among patients is usually incorporated into newer payment approaches, and current risk models rely on age, sex, and diagnosis codes. It is unknown the extent to which controlling additionally for disease severity improves cost prediction. Failure to adjust for within-disease variation may create incentives to avoid sicker patients. We address this issue among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
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An ecosystem-based intervention to reduce HIV transmission risk and increase medication adherence among inmates being released to the community.
J Correct Health Care
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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HIV+ inmates reentering their communities are at increased risk for poor health outcomes and for transmitting HIV. This article reports on a randomized trial comparing an ecosystem-based intervention and an individually focused intervention for reducing HIV transmission risk and improving medication adherence. Reincarceration was considered as a secondary variable. Both groups decreased sexual risk behavior over the 12-month follow-up period. Unexpectedly, the ecosystem intervention group was less likely to be taking medication or to be adherent and more likely to have been reincarcerated. Failure to demonstrate a significant advantage of the ecosystem intervention may have resulted from the difficulty of engaging family and other ecosystem members in the intervention. Implications for developing and applying interventions for this population are discussed.
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Race/ethnic disparities in reproductive age: an examination of ovarian reserve estimates across four race/ethnic groups of healthy, regularly cycling women.
Fertil. Steril.
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2013
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To determine whether reproductive age, as indexed by a validated marker of ovarian reserve (antimüllerian hormone [AMH]), varies among women of different race/ethnic backgrounds.
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Influence of gender role attitudes on smoking and drinking among girls from Jujuy, Argentina.
Prev Med
PUBLISHED: 04-26-2013
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Evaluate effect of gender role attitudes on tobacco and alcohol use among Argentinean girls.
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Does accelerated reproductive aging underlie premenopausal risk for cardiovascular disease?
Menopause
PUBLISHED: 04-18-2013
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The menopausal transition is associated with an increase in risk for cardiovascular disease; however, whether variability in reproductive aging relates to cardiovascular risk factors in the premenopausal period has not been studied.
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Experiences of discrimination and their impact on the mental health among African American, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino men who have sex with men.
Am J Public Health
PUBLISHED: 03-14-2013
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We examined the associations between specific types and sources of discrimination and mental health outcomes among US racial/ethnic minority men who have sex with men (MSM) and how these associations varied by race/ethnicity.
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Socioeconomic status, health behavior, and leukocyte telomere length in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2002.
Soc Sci Med
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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The purpose of this study was to examine the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) - a marker of cell aging that has been linked to stressful life circumstances - in a nationally representative, socioeconomically and ethnically diverse sample of US adults aged 20-84. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002, we found that respondents who completed less than a high school education had significantly shorter telomeres than those who graduated from college. Income was not associated with LTL. African-Americans had significantly longer telomeres than whites, but there were no significant racial/ethnic differences in the association between education and telomere length. Finally, we found that the association between education and LTL was partially mediated by smoking and body mass index but not by drinking or sedentary behavior.
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Sociodemographic disparities and behavioral factors in clinical oral health status during pregnancy.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2013
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Although oral health (OH) problems are common during pregnancy, little is known about individual characteristics or behaviors relating to clinically assessed OH during pregnancy. This cross-sectional study describes the clinical OH status of a sample of pregnant women, examines relationships between sociodemographic factors and OH, behavioral factors and OH, and the influence of behavior on the relationships between sociodemographic clusters and OH. Baseline data were utilized from a pilot intervention study promoting OH during pregnancy.
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Childhood adversity and pubertal timing: understanding the origins of adulthood cardiovascular risk.
Biol Psychol
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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To determine whether greater childhood adversity relates to younger menarcheal age; whether younger menarcheal age relates to increased CVD risk; and whether greater childhood adversity relates to increased CVD risk, directly or indirectly (mediated by menarcheal age).
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Effects of changes in prenatal aneuploidy screening policies in an integrated health care system.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 01-25-2013
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To estimate changes in rates of prenatal testing for aneuploidy over a 5-year period in a large integrated health care system.
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Parental feeding practices in Mexican American families: initial test of an expanded measure.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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Although obesity rates are high among Latino children, relatively few studies of parental feeding practices have examined Latino families as a separate group. Culturally-based approaches to measurement development can begin to identify parental feeding practices in specific cultural groups. This study used qualitative and quantitative methods to develop and test the Parental Feeding Practices (PFP) Questionnaire for use with Mexican American parents. Items reflected both parents use of control over child eating and child-centered feeding practices.
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A community cohort study about childhood social and economic circumstances: racial/ethnic differences and associations with educational attainment and health of older adults.
BMJ Open
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Typical measures of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), such as fathers occupation, have limited the ability to elucidate mechanisms by which childhood SES affects adult health. Mechanisms could include schooling experiences or work opportunities. Having previously used qualitative methods for concept development, we developed new retrospective measures of multiple domains of childhood social and economic circumstances in ethnically diverse older adults. We administered the new measures in a large sample and explored their association with adult SES.
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Association of media literacy with cigarette smoking among youth in Jujuy, Argentina.
Nicotine Tob. Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-21-2011
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Latin America has the highest prevalence of tobacco use by youth. Higher media literacy, defined as the ability to analyze and evaluate media messages, has been associated with lower smoking among youth in the United States. The objective of this study was to determine whether media literacy related to smoking is independently associated with current smoking and susceptibility to future smoking in a sample of mostly indigenous youth in Jujuy, Argentina.
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The role of physical inactivity in increasing disability among older adults with obstructive airway disease.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev
PUBLISHED: 12-16-2011
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: The independent contribution of physical inactivity to disability in obstructive lung disease (OLD) is difficult to study, partly because inactivity may reflect disease severity. We examined the relationship of physical inactivity to disability progression over a 1-year period among a group of older adults with OLD.
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Assessment of fully and partially condom-protected sex among US women: the potential for overestimating protected sex acts.
Sex Transm Dis
PUBLISHED: 12-14-2011
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Limited information is available on potential over-reporting of protected sex acts among US women. Of 19,003 sex acts reported by 705 participants over a 3-month period, 26.9% and 9.2% were fully and partially protected by a condom, respectively. The potential for misclassifying partially condom-protected sex acts as fully condom-protected sex acts is discussed.
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Tobacco advertising and press coverage of smoking and health in 10 years of Argentinean newspapers.
CVD Prev Control
PUBLISHED: 09-01-2011
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To describe the extent and content of tobacco-related images, advertising and articles published in the largest Argentinean newspapers before and after a voluntary advertising ban implemented in 2001.
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Success of uterus-preserving treatments for abnormal uterine bleeding, chronic pelvic pain, and symptomatic fibroids: age and bridges to menopause.
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2011
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether age at first uterus-preserving treatment (UPT) predicts symptom resolution among women with common pelvic problems.
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Symptom resolution after hysterectomy and alternative treatments for chronic pelvic pain: does depression make a difference?
Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
PUBLISHED: 03-08-2011
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether depression influences treatment outcomes and to identify predictors of symptom resolution among women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP).
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Using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale to screen for depression in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken)
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2011
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Identifying persons with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at risk for depression would facilitate the identification and treatment of an important comorbidity conferring additional risk for poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of a brief screening measure, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), in detecting mood disorders in persons with SLE.
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The patient-reported Clinicians Cultural Sensitivity Survey: a field test among older Latino primary care patients.
Health Expect
PUBLISHED: 01-11-2011
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Patient-reported measures of clinicians cultural sensitivity are important to assess comprehensively quality of care among ethnically diverse patients and may help address persistent health inequities.
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Physician counseling of pregnant women about active and secondhand smoking in Argentina.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
PUBLISHED: 04-07-2010
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Describe physicians practices of smoking cessation and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure counseling during prenatal visits.
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Measurement of social support across women from four ethnic groups: evidence of factorial invariance.
J Cross Cult Gerontol
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2010
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To examine whether a multidimensional social support instrument can be used for comparative research in four diverse ethnic groups of women (African American, Latina, Chinese, non-Latina White). The social support instrument was administered as part of a larger survey to 1,137 women. We tested the reliability and validity of this instrument. A confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) framework was used to test for the invariance of the instruments psychometric properties across ethnic groups. We used multitrait scaling to eliminate items that did not meet the item-convergence criterion (r > 0.30) and where items were non-convergent items in at least three groups. A series of nested CFA models assessed the level of factorial invariance. One thousand seventy-four women completed the survey; Their mean age was 61 years with Chinese and Latinas reporting lower education compared to non-Latino Whites (p <. 001). A four-factor model (Tangible, Informational, Financial, Emotional/Companionship) fit within each ethnic group separately, suggested good fit. Multi-group CFA supported configural and metric invariance across all ethnic groups. Only partial scalar invariance was supported. This 8-item instrument is a reliable and valid tool that can be used as a multidimensional measure of social support. It can used to examine social support within one ethnic group and for comparative research across diverse ethnic groups of women.
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Predictors of hysterectomy use and satisfaction.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2010
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To identify static and time-varying sociodemographic, clinical, health-related quality-of-life and attitudinal predictors of use and satisfaction with hysterectomy for noncancerous conditions.
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Clinician ratings of interpreter mediated visits in underserved primary care settings with ad hoc, in-person professional, and video conferencing modes.
J Health Care Poor Underserved
PUBLISHED: 02-23-2010
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Linguistic interpretation ameliorates health disparities disfavoring underserved limited English-proficient patients, yet few studies have compared clinician satisfaction with these services. Self-administered clinician post-visit surveys compared the quality of interpretation and communication, visit satisfaction, degree of patient engagement, and cultural competence of visits using untrained people acting as interpreters (ad hoc), in-person professional, or video conferencing professional interpretation for 283 visits. Adjusting for clinician and patient characteristics, the quality of interpretation of in-person and video conferencing modes were rated similarly (OR 1.79, 95% CI 0.74, 4.33). The quality of in-person (OR 5.55, 95% CI 1.50, 20.51) and video conferencing (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.16, 8.31) were rated higher than ad hoc interpretation. Self-assessed cultural competence was better for in-person versus video conferencing interpretation (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.11, 4.86). Video conferencing interpretation increases access without compromising quality, but cultural nuances may be better addressed by in-person interpreters. Professional interpretation is superior to ad hoc (OR 4.15, 95% CI 1.43, 12.09).
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Measuring the neighborhood environment: associations with young girls energy intake and expenditure in a cross-sectional study.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act
PUBLISHED: 02-01-2010
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Neighborhood environments affect childrens health outcomes. Observational methods used to assess neighborhoods can be categorized as indirect, intermediate, or direct. Direct methods, involving in-person audits of the neighborhoods conducted by trained observers, are recognized as an accurate representation of current neighborhood conditions. The authors investigated the associations of various neighborhood characteristics with young girls diet and physical activity.
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Use of alternative tobacco products in multiethnic youth from Jujuy, Argentina.
J Environ Public Health
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2010
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This study examines alternative tobacco use among Latin American youth. A self-administered survey in a random sample of 27 schools was administered in 2004 in Jujuy, Argentina (N = 3218). Prevalence of alternative tobacco product use was 24.1%; 15.3% of youth used hand-rolled cigarettes, 7.8% smoked cigars, 2.3% chewed tobacco leaf and 1.6% smoked pipe. Among youth who never smoked manufactured cigarettes, alternative product use was rare (2.9%), except for chewing tobacco (22%). In multivariate logistic regression boys were more likely than girls to smoke pipe (OR = 3.1; 95% CI 1.1-8.7); indigenous language was associated with smoking hand-rolled cigarettes (OR = 1.4; 95% CI-1.1-1.9) and pipe (OR = 2.2; 95% CI 1.5-3.4). Working in tobacco sales was a risk factor for chewing tobacco (OR = 2.9; 95% CI: 1.7-4.9) and smoking hand-rolled cigarettes (OR = 1.4; 95% CI 1.1-1.8). Having friends who smoked was associated with chewing tobacco (OR = 1.8; 95% CI 1.0-3.2) and with smoking cigars (OR = 2.1; 95% CI 1.5-2.9). Current drinking and thrill-seeking orientation were associated with cigars and pipe smoking. Findings highlight the importance of surveillance of alternative tobacco products use and availability among youth and for addressing identified risk factors.
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Screening for depression in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
COPD
PUBLISHED: 11-27-2009
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Depression and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are major causes of disability. Identifying COPD patients at risk for depression would facilitate the alleviation of an important comorbidity conferring additional risk for poor outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of a brief screening measure, the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), in detecting the mood disorders in persons with COPD. This is a cross-sectional study of 188 persons with COPD, stratified by age (65 and older versus less than 65) and COPD severity using Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) staging. Screening cut-points were empirically derived using threshold selection methods and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were estimated. The GDS-15 was used as a screening measure and diagnoses of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or other mood disorders were determined using a "gold standard" standardized structured clinical interview. Of the 188 persons with COPD, 25% met criteria for any mood disorder and 11% met criteria for MDD. Optimal threshold estimations suggested a GDS cut score of 5, which yielded adequate sensitivity and specificity in detecting MDD (81% and 87%, respectively) and correctly classified 86% of participants. To detect the presence of any mood disorder, a cut score of 4 was suggested yielding sensitivity and specificity of 67% and 82%, respectively; correctly classifying 79%. These results suggest that mood disorders are relatively common among persons with COPD. The GDS-15 is a useful screening measure to identify patients at risk for depression.
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The impact of disability on depression among individuals with COPD.
Chest
PUBLISHED: 11-20-2009
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Both disability and depression are common in COPD, but limited information is available on the time-ordered relationship between increases in disability and depression onset.
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Social network influences on male and female condom use among women attending family planning clinics in the United States.
Sex Transm Dis
PUBLISHED: 08-26-2009
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Research has shown that social networks play an important role in determining health behaviors. However, little is known about their influence on male and female condom use among women.
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Further exploration of the links between occupational exposure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
J. Occup. Environ. Med.
PUBLISHED: 06-17-2009
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To examine occupational risk for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
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Smoking behavior and ethnicity in Jujuy, Argentina: evidence from a low-income youth sample.
Subst Use Misuse
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2009
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Latin America is the world region with the highest rates of youth tobacco use and widest socioeconomic gaps, yet no data are available on smoking among Indigenous people, the largest disadvantaged group in the region. A self-administered survey of 3,131 8th grade youth enrolled in a random sample of 27 urban and rural schools was administered in 2004 in Jujuy, Argentina. Standard questions adapted from global surveys were used. Compared with youth of European background (11.4%; 95% CI 6.7-15.1), Indigenous (23.0%; 95% CI 21.0-25.0), and Mixed ethnicity (23%; 95% CI 18.9-27.1) youth had higher prevalence of current smoking. The odds of current smoking remained significantly elevated for Indigenous (OR 1.9; 95% CI = 1.1-3.3) and Mixed youth (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.2-3.4) after controlling for confounders. Other risk factors that were associated with current smoking included: having any friends who smoke, repeating a grade in school, depressive symptoms in previous year, drinking any alcohol in the previous week and thrill seeking orientation. These results underscore the importance of social and cultural diversity aspects of the global tobacco epidemic.
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Health literacy and access to kidney transplantation.
Clin J Am Soc Nephrol
PUBLISHED: 04-11-2009
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Few studies have examined health literacy in patients with end stage kidney disease. We hypothesized that inadequate health literacy in a hemodialysis population is common and is associated with poorer access to kidney transplant wait-lists.
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Interpersonal processes of care and patient satisfaction: do associations differ by race, ethnicity, and language?
Health Serv Res
PUBLISHED: 03-31-2009
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Describe association of patient satisfaction with interpersonal processes of care (IPC) by race/ethnicity.
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Computerized prenatal genetic testing decision-assisting tool: a randomized controlled trial.
Obstet Gynecol
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2009
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Guidelines for fetal aneuploidy testing recommend that screening and diagnostic testing be made available to pregnant women of all ages and that providers explain the differences between these tests to help their patients make informed testing decisions. We sought to estimate the effect of a computerized, interactive prenatal testing decision tool on prenatal testing decision making.
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Depression and health-related quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Am. J. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2009
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Prior research on the risk of depression in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has yielded conflicting results. Furthermore, we have an incomplete understanding of how much depression versus respiratory factors contributes to poor health-related quality of life.
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The role of social support in anxiety for persons with COPD.
J Psychosom Res
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This study examined the contribution of perceived social support to the presence of anxiety in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
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Pubertal timing, androgens, and obesity phenotypes in women at midlife.
J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
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Individuals with metabolically healthy or benign obesity vs. unhealthy or at risk obesity have been distinguished; however, the predisposing factors for developing these phenotypes are poorly understood.
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Depressive symptomatology, psychological stress, and ovarian reserve: a role for psychological factors in ovarian aging?
Menopause
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The aim of this study was to examine psychological factors in relation to antral follicle count (AFC), a marker of ovarian reserve, in a multiethnic sample of 683 premenopausal women in the Ovarian Aging (OVA) Study.
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Psychological distress and in vitro fertilization outcome.
Fertil. Steril.
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To examine whether psychological distress predicts IVF treatment outcome as well as whether IVF treatment outcome predicts subsequent psychological distress.
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The Live Well, Be Well study: a community-based, translational lifestyle program to lower diabetes risk factors in ethnic minority and lower-socioeconomic status adults.
Am J Public Health
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We evaluated a community-based, translational lifestyle program to reduce diabetes risk in lower-socioeconomic status (SES) and ethnic minority adults.
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Fertility treatment response: is it better to be more optimistic or less pessimistic?
Psychosom Med
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To evaluate the prospective relation between dispositional traits of optimism and pessimism and in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment failure among women seeking medical intervention for infertility.
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Using visual displays to communicate risk of cancer to women from diverse race/ethnic backgrounds.
Patient Educ Couns
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This study evaluated how well women from diverse race/ethnic groups were able to take a quantitative cancer risk statistic verbally provided to them and report it in a visual format.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.