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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Erythropoietin production in renal cell carcinoma and renal cysts in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in a chronic dialysis patient with polycythemia: A case report.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 01-24-2014
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In patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD), erythropoietin (EPO) production from the kidney generally decreases and renal anemia develops. Patients without anemia, but with high serum EPO (sEPO) levels are rare among HD patients. The current study presents the case of a 67-year-old female HD patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC), manifesting polycythemia with elevated sEPO levels. A radical nephrectomy was performed, which diminished the polycythemia, but the sEPO levels remained high. To determine the origin of the EPO production, immunohistochemistry was performed to detect EPO in the RCC and the renal cysts of the surgically resected kidney. In addition, the sEPO and EPO levels in a renal cyst were determined by enzyme immunoassay. EPO expression was demonstrated in RCC and cyst epithelial cells using immunohistochemistry, revealing extremely high EPO levels in the cyst fluid. Due to the remission of polycythemia following the nephrectomy, EPO production from the resected kidney appeared to have been the cause of the polycythemia. Positive EPO staining of the renal cysts in the resected polycystic kidney and sustained sEPO elevation following nephrectomy led to the hypothesis of EPO production in the renal cysts of the contralateral polycystic kidney. Although the postoperative EPO level was higher than the normal range, the hematocrit (Hct) level gradually decreased and recombinant human EPO was required again three months following the nephrectomy. Eight months after the nephrectomy, the Hct level was 30.2% with the use of rHuEPO. In conclusion, EPO production from RCC and renal cysts in ADPKD appeared to cause polycythemia in the HD patient.
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Proteomic analysis of the lung in rats with hypobaric hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension.
Histol. Histopathol.
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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Experimental pulmonary hypertension that develops in hypobaric hypoxia is characterized by structural remodeling of the lung. Proteomics - which may be the most powerful way to uncover unknown remodeling proteins involved in enhancing cardiovascular performance - was used to study 150 male Wistar rats housed for up to 21 days in a chamber at the equivalent of 5500 m altitude level. After 14 days exposure to hypobaric hypoxia, pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was significantly increased. In lung tissue, about 140 matching protein spots were found among 8 groups (divided according to their hypobaric period) by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) (pH4.5-pH6.5, 30 kDa-100 kDa). In hypobaric rats, three spots were increased two-fold or more (vs. control rats) in two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). The increased proteins were identified, by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF), as one isoform of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and two isoforms of protein disulfide isomerase associated 3. This result was confirmed by Western blotting analysis of 2D-PAGE. Conceivably, HSP70 and PDIA3 may play roles in modulating the lung structural remodeling that occurs due to pulmonary hypertension in hypobaric hypoxia.
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A high-cholesterol diet exacerbates liver fibrosis in mice via accumulation of free cholesterol in hepatic stellate cells.
Gastroenterology
PUBLISHED: 09-10-2011
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Some studies have indicated that dietary cholesterol has a role in the progression of liver fibrosis. We investigated the mechanisms by which dietary cholesterol might contribute to hepatic fibrogenesis.
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Expression of P2X4R mRNA and protein in rats with hypobaric hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension.
Circ. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-03-2011
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The experimental pulmonary hypertension that develops in hypobaric hypoxia is characterized by structural remodeling of the heart. The P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) controls vascular tone and vessel remodeling in several blood vessels, and it has emerged as a key factor in the enhancement of cardiovascular performance.
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Axonal-transport-mediated gene transduction in the interior of rat bone.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2010
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Gene transduction has been considered advantageous for the sustained delivery of proteins to specific target tissues. However, in the case of hard tissues, such as bone, local gene delivery remains problematic owing to anatomical accessibility limitations of the target sites.
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A pilot study of mRNA expressions of 5-fluorouracil pathway genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tumor tissues in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2010
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To assess whether early lung cancer prediction might be informed by an mRNA assay for 5-fluorouracil pathway genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs), we examined specimens taken from 51 adenocarcinoma patients and 38 controls (including six patients with benign tumors). PBMNCs and tumor-tissue specimens were taken for measurement of the mRNAs of various 5-fluorouracil pathway genes [thymidylate synthase (TS), dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD), thymidine phosphorylase (TP), and orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT)]. By quantitative RT-PCR, all four mRNAs were detected in both PBMNCs and tumor tissues. In PBMNCs, TS mRNA/GAPDH mRNA levels were significantly higher in adenocarcinoma patients than in the controls, and significantly higher for pathological stages 2-4 and lymph-node involvement pN1-pN3 than for pathological stage 1 and pN0, respectively. No correlation between PBMNCs and tumor-tissue specimens was found for the level of any mRNA. Thus, the measurement of TS mRNA in PBMNCs might aid the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma.
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Glucose-regulated protein 78 expression in urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract.
BJU Int.
PUBLISHED: 12-18-2009
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To examine glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78; a major molecular chaperone at the endoplasmic reticulum, strongly expressed in several tumours) expression in urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the upper urinary tract (UUT) and to evaluate the diagnostic and progressive importance of GRP78 expression in UC-UUT.
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Narrow-band imaging provides reliable screening for esophageal malignancy in patients with head and neck cancers.
Am. J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2009
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The narrow-band imaging (NBI) system is a novel technology that enhances the visualization of microvasculature and mucosal patterns. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the NBI system for esophageal cancer screening in patients with head and neck cancers.
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Loss of heterozygosity at the 9p21-24 region and identification of BRM as a candidate tumor suppressor gene in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Cancer Invest.
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2009
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We have analyzed allelic loss of the short arm of chromosome 9 in 39 head and neck cancers using 13 polymorphic markers and found two deletions of hot spots at 9p21 and 9p24. Loss of heterozygosity was detected at least at one locus in 28 of 39 cases (71.8%). P16, a well-known tumor suppressor gene, is considered to be a target for deletion of the 9p21 region. However, novel frequent chromosomal deletion and a candidate tumor suppressor gene, BRM at the 9p24 region, were detected. Moreover, comparison of clinicopathological variables demonstrated that loss of heterozygosity at the BRM locus was associated with a worse prognosis.
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Frequent deletion of ING2 locus at 4q35.1 associates with advanced tumor stage in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2009
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Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the ING family members has been shown in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) except for ING2. Like all the other members of ING family, ING2, which is located at chromosome 4q35.1, is a promising tumor suppressor gene (TSG). In this study, we performed LOH analysis of ING2 in HNSCC and compared it with clinicopathological variables.
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LAT1 expression in non-small-cell lung carcinomas: analyses by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR (237 cases) and immunohistochemistry (295 cases).
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 03-26-2009
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System l-amino acid transport mediates the uptake of aromatic neutral amino acids and nutritionally essential amino acids from extracellular fluids. Little is known about the role of l-amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), a member of the system l-amino acid transporter family, in non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs).
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Thromboangiitis obliterans with multiple large vessel involvement: case report and analysis of immunophenotypes.
Cardiovasc. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2009
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Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, Buergers disease) is an idiopathic, recurrent, segmental, nonatherosclerotic, inflammatory, occlusive vascular disease with a poorly understood pathogenesis. Intestinal or multi-organ involvement is rare. Recent immunohistochemical analyses of ordinary TAO have indicated an inflammatory and immunologic pathogenesis. We report a case of TAO involving multiple large vessels. By immunohistochemistry, CD3+ T cells were revealed around the recanalization sites within the abdominal aorta. CD4+ T cells were almost equal in number to CD8+ T cells. These findings indicate the participation of inflammatory and immunologic processes in TAO with multi-organ involvement (as in ordinary TAO).
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Immunohistochemistry of cytokeratins 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 aids differentiation of desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma from fibrous pleuritis.
Histol. Histopathol.
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It is difficult to distinguish desmoplastic malignant mesothelioma (DMM) from fibrous pleuritis (FP). We investigated the utility of immunohistochemistry as a way of differentiating between DMM and FP. We examined 11 DMMs and 46 FPs with the aid of antibodies against 18 cytokeratin (CK) subtypes, calponin, caldesmon, desmin, and GLUT-1. The best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in the receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 were each above 60%. When cases with either DMM or FP were partitioned by the staining score associated with the best sensitivity and specificity cut-off values in ROC, the incidence of a positive expression for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 was significantly higher in DMM than in FP. In conclusion, immunohistochemistry for CKs 7, 8, 17, 18, and 19, and GLUT-1 may be useful, alongside histological characteristics, for separating DMM from FP.
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Serotonin- and somatostatin-positive goblet cell carcinoid of the duodenum.
Acta Med. Okayama
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In the duodenum, mixed exocrine-endocrine tumors exhibiting both neuroendocrine and glandular differentiations [cf. appendiceal goblet cell carcinoids (GCCs)] are rare. We present a Japanese case with a duodenal GCC that was found during pathologic examination of a gastrectomy specimen removed for gastric mucosal cancer. The tumor was widely distributed within both the first portion of the duodenum and the gastric antrum, although mucosal involvement was observed only in the duodenum. The tumor cells formed solid nests, trabeculae, or tubules, and some displayed a goblet cell appearance. They were immunoreactive against antibodies for both serotonin and somatostatin, and showed an argentaffin reaction (similar to a "midgut" enterochromaffin cell carcinoid). Ultra-structurally, the tumor cells had an amphicrine nature. Physicians encounter GCC in the duodenum only rarely, and its discovery may be incidental. Its diagnosis will be challenging and will require careful clinical and pathologic examinations.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.