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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Global depletion of dopamine using intracerebroventricular 6-hydroxydopamine injection disrupts normal circadian wheel-running patterns and PERIOD2 expression in the rat forebrain.
J. Mol. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 02-02-2011
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Normal circadian rhythms of behavior are disrupted in disorders involving the dopamine (DA) system, such as Parkinsons disease. We have reported previously using unilateral injections of the catecholamine toxin, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), into the medial forebrain bundle that DA signaling regulates daily expression of the clock protein, PERIOD2 (PER2), in the dorsal striatum of the rat. In the present study, we made widespread lesions of DA fibers using large injections of 6-OHDA into the third ventricle to determine the involvement of DA in normal daily rhythms of wheel-running activity and PER2 patterns in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and several regions of the limbic forebrain. Rats injected with 6-OHDA and housed in constant darkness were less active in the wheel and showed a disorganized pattern of activity in which wheel running was not confined to a specific phase over 24 h. The 6-OHDA injection had no effect on the daily PER2 pattern in the SCN, but blunted the normal rise in PER2 in the dorsal striatum. 6-OHDA also blunted PER2 expression in the periventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, a region in which a daily PER2 pattern has not been previously reported in male rats, and in the oval nucleus of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, but not in the central nucleus of the amygdala. These results indicate that DA plays a prominent role in regulating circadian activity at both behavioral and molecular levels.
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Endogenous dopamine regulates the rhythm of expression of the clock protein PER2 in the rat dorsal striatum via daily activation of D2 dopamine receptors.
J. Neurosci.
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2010
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A role for dopamine (DA) in the regulation of clock genes in the mammalian brain is suggested by evidence that manipulations of DA receptors can alter the expression of some clock genes outside the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the master circadian clock. The role of endogenous DA in the regulation of clock gene expression is unknown. Here, we demonstrate a direct relationship between extracellular DA levels and the rhythm of expression of the clock protein PERIOD2 (PER2) in the dorsal striatum of the male Wistar rat. Specifically, we show that the peak of the daily rhythm of extracellular DA in the dorsal striatum precedes the peak of PER2 by ?6 h and that depletion of striatal DA by 6-hydroxydopamine or ?-methyl-para-tyrosine or blockade of D(2) DA receptors by raclopride blunts the rhythm of striatal PER2. Furthermore, timed daily activation of D(2) DA receptors, but not D(1) DA receptors, restores and entrains the PER2 rhythm in the DA-depleted striatum. None of these manipulations had any effect on the PER2 rhythm in the SCN. Our findings are consistent with the idea that the rhythm of expression of PER2 in the dorsal striatum depends on daily dopaminergic activation of D(2) DA receptors. These observations may have implications for circadian abnormalities seen in Parkinsons disease.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.