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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Diagnostic performance of serum high-sensitivity procalcitonin and serum C-reactive protein tests for detecting bacterial infection in febrile neutropenia.
Infection
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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Although a few prospective studies have addressed the question as to which biomarker of infection in adult patients with febrile neutropenia (FN) is superior, procalcitonin (PCT) or C-reactive protein (CRP), the results have been inconsistent and inconclusive. This was possibly due to the poor sensitivity of previous PCT tests that have a functional sensitivity of 0.5 ng/ml.
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Cefozopran, meropenem, or imipenem-cilastatin compared with cefepime as empirical therapy in febrile neutropenic adult patients: A multicenter prospective randomized trial.
J. Infect. Chemother.
PUBLISHED: 06-15-2014
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We conducted an open-label, randomized study to evaluate the clinical efficacy of cefozopran, meropenem or imipenem-cilastatin using cefepime as a control in febrile neutropenia (FN) patients. Three hundred and seventy-six patients received cefepime, cefozopran, meropenem or imipenem-cilastatinas initial therapy for FN. The primary endpoint was the non-inferiority of response rates including modification at day 7 in cefozopran, meropenem or imipenem-cilastatin patients compared with cefepime in the per-protocol population (delta = 10%). The response rates for cefozopran, meropenem and imipenem-cilastatin were not significantly different compared with cefepime (cefozopran: 54/90 (60%), meropenem: 60/92 (65%), and IPM/CS: 63/88 (72%) versus cefepime: 56/85 (66%) (p = 0.44, 1.0 and 0.51, respectively)), and the differences in treatment success for cefozopran, meropenem and imipenem-cilastatin compared with cefepime were -5.9% (95% confidence interval (CI): -20.1-8.4), -0.7% (95% CI: -14.6-13.3), and 5.7% (95% CI: -8.1-19.4), respectively. The same tendency was seen in the modified intention-to-treat population. Based on the evaluation of initial drug efficacy performed on days 3-5, there was no significant difference between the four drugs. In the subgroup with an absolute neutrophil count ?100 × 10(6)/L for longer than seven days, there was significantly better efficacy in the carbapenem arm compared to 4th generation beta-lactams (52% versus 27% at days 3-5, p = 0.006, and 76% versus 48% at day 7, p = 0.002). Our results suggest that the effects of these four drugs as empiric therapy were virtually the same for adult FN patients, although non-inferiority was shown only in imipenem-cilastatin compared with cefepime (clinical trial number: UMIN000000462).
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Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome following acute pancreatitis during chemotherapy for acute monocytic leukemia.
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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We describe an 18-year-old man with acute leukemia who presented with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) shortly after developing acute pancreatitis. On day 15 after the third consolidation course with high-dose cytarabine, treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics was initiated for febrile neutropenia. On day 16, he developed septic shock, and subsequently, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). After adding vancomycin, micafungin and high-dose methylprednisolone (mPSL) to his treatment regimen, these manifestations subsided. On day 22, he received hemodialysis for drug-induced acute renal failure. On day 24, he developed acute pancreatitis possibly due to mPSL; the following day he had generalized seizures, and was intubated. Cerebrospinal fluid findings were normal. Brain MRI revealed hyperintense signals on FLAIR images and increased apparent diffusion coefficient values in the sub-cortical and deep white matter areas of the bilateral temporal and occipital lobes, indicative of vasogenic edema. Thus, we diagnosed PRES. Blood pressure, seizures and volume status were controlled, with MRI findings showing improvement by day 42. He was extubated on day 32 and discharged on day 49 without complications. Although little is known about PRES following acute pancreatitis, clinicians should be aware that this condition may develop.
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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with hemolytic crisis developed twenty years after the onset of Evans syndrome.
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2014
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A 65-year-old woman was diagnosed with Coombs-positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) in May 1992. One month later, her PRCA went into remission following treatment but she developed idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and was diagnosed with Evans syndrome. Although her condition resolved with administration of prednisolone and azathioprine, it was necessary to continue treatment with gradual tapering over the following two decades. In October 2012, her hemolytic anemia again worsened, and lymph node swelling, splenomegaly and B symptoms developed. She was diagnosed as having diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) based on lymph node biopsy. However, AIHA was not considered to be the cause of her hemolytic anemia, but rather to be related to DLBCL. This was because a Coombs test and other extensive investigations for Coombs negative-AIHA yielded negative results. The patient underwent CHOP therapy, and all of her symptoms improved. Herein, we report this rare case in which DLBCL developed after the onset of Evans syndrome.
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Cerebral toxoplasmosis after umbilical cord blood transplantation diagnosed by the detection of anti-toxoplasma specific IgM antibody in cerebrospinal fluid.
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 05-23-2014
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Cerebral toxoplasmosis is a rare, potentially fatal, complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation. Early definitive diagnosis is very difficult and it may be associated with a poor prognosis. Herein, we describe a 60-year-old woman who developed cerebral toxoplasmosis after cord blood transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome. During treatment with tacrolimus and methylprednisolone for relapsed grade 2 acute gut GVHD, fever and disturbance of consciousness occurred on day 210. Brain MRI showed multiple ring-enhancing nodular lesions in the thalamus, basal ganglia, brainstem, and subcortical white matter. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) assessment revealed elevations of both anti-to-xoplasma IgM and IgG, which were also elevated in serum, but no evidence of other infections or malignancies. Notably, the IgM level was higher in the CSF than in serum. Thus, cerebral toxoplasmosis was diagnosed. Soon after administration of oral sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim and intravenous clindamycin in combination with short-term dexamethasone for the cerebral edema, her symptoms and signs began to improve. On day 229, both IgM and IgG titers in CSF had clearly decreased but remained essentially constant in serum. She was discharged without clinically significant neurological disorders. This case suggests that CSF specific anti-toxoplasma IgM titers might be useful for early diagnosis of cerebral toxoplasmosis after transplantation.
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[Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma complicated with endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
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A 30-year-old female developed fever and multiple lymphadenopathy in September 2011. Her symptoms improved with antibiotic treatment. However, she again presented with fever and multiple lymphadenopathy in December 2011. In addition, she suffered from nephrotic syndrome with severe edema. She was therefore hospitalized to undergo detailed examinations. Renal biopsy revealed endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis. Since her renal function deteriorated rapidly, she was given steroid pulse therapy with methylprednisolone, followed by maintenance therapy with prednisolone. After treatment, her renal function improved but multiple lymphadenopathy persisted. Biopsy of a left axillary lymph node was then performed and revealed angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL). She received CHOP therapy but showed no response. Therefore, she was given ESHAP therapy. A partial response was achieved and the nephrotic syndrome also resolved completely. We report this extremely rare case of renal dysfunction due to endocapillary proliferative glomerulonephritis complicated by AITL.
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Prognostic factors and outcomes of unrelated bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) pre-treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
Osaka City Med J
PUBLISHED: 08-06-2013
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The treatment and prognosis of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), including Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL (Ph+ALL), a poor prognostic factor, has changed with the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Nevertheless, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is still recommended as the first-line curative treatment. To date, no study has investigated the prognostic factors and outcomes of unrelated bone marrow transplantation (u-BMT) for Ph+ALL following pre-transplant treatment with a TKI-containing regimen.
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[Acute transverse myelitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia--a case report].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 07-16-2013
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Transverse myelitis is an inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord that results in motor, sensory, and autonomic dysfunction. Herein, we describe a 40-year-old Japanese female who developed acute transverse myelitis (ATM) after an unrelated bone marrow transplantation for Philadelphia-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia in molecular complete remission. Approximately 90 days after transplantation, she suffered from paresthesias, sphincter dysfunction, and lower extremity weakness. Spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrated findings consistent with ATM. The symptoms were resolved with the administration of steroids, followed by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy for a few sequelae. To the best of our knowledge, the presentation of ATM after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is relatively rare. As the functional prognosis of ATM depends on prompt diagnosis and treatment, we consider that ATM should be included in the differential diagnosis of post-transplant myelopathies.
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Retrospective analysis of eltrombopag for the treatment of refractory primary immune thrombocytopenia in Japan.
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 06-04-2013
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Eltrombopag, an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist, is a novel drug that can be used in cases with previously-treated primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). In this study, we retrospectively analyzed 22 Japanese ITP patients treated in four hospitals. A responder was defined as a patient achieving a platelet count between 50,000/?l and 400,000/?l, at 75% or more of on-treatment assessments. Excluding 2 patients whose treatments were interrupted at their request, 13 of 20 patients (65%) were responders. Ten of the 13 responders had been taking more than 5 mg of a steroid preparation in the form of prednisolone or its equivalent. In 7 of these patients, the steroid dose could be tapered to 5 mg or less. Disappearance or amelioration of hemorrhagic symptoms was observed in 11 of 19 patients who had these symptoms prior to treatment (9 of 10 responders, 2 of 7 non-responders), and the improvement rate was greater in responders (p=0.018). No factors were identified as being related to efficacy. Reported adverse effects were fever (1), malaise (3), headache (2), and muscle pain (1). One severe adverse event, cerebral thromboembolism, was reported in 1 patient. Although eltrombopag is a useful therapeutic agent for refractory ITP, it is necessary to evaluate its position in the overall treatment strategy for ITP after assessing long-term complications as well as therapeutic effects.
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A multicenter clinical study evaluating the confirmed complete molecular response rate in imatinib-treated patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia by using the international scale of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.
Haematologica
PUBLISHED: 05-28-2013
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Achievement of complete molecular response in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia has been recognized as an important milestone in therapy cessation and treatment-free remission; the identification of predictors of complete molecular response in these patients is, therefore, important. This study evaluated complete molecular response rates in imatinib-treated chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients with major molecular response by using the international standardization for quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of the breakpoint cluster region-Abelson1 gene. The correlation of complete molecular response with various clinical, pharmacokinetic, and immunological parameters was determined. Complete molecular response was observed in 75/152 patients (49.3%). In the univariate analysis, Sokal score, median time to major molecular response, ABCG2 421C>A, and regulatory T cells were significantly lower in chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia patients with complete molecular response than in those without complete molecular response. In the multivariate analysis, duration of imatinib treatment (odds ratio: 1.0287, P=0.0003), time to major molecular response from imatinib therapy (odds ratio: 0.9652, P=0.0020), and ABCG2 421C/C genotype (odds ratio: 0.3953, P=0.0284) were independent predictors of complete molecular response. In contrast, number of natural killer cells, BIM deletion polymorphisms, and plasma trough imatinib concentration were not significantly associated with achieving a complete molecular response. Several predictive markers for achieving complete molecular response were identified in this study. According to our findings, some chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib may benefit from a switch to second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ClinicalTrials.gov, UMIN000004935).
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[Acute myeloid leukemia with monosomy 7 and inv(3)(q21q26.2) complicated with central diabetes insipidus].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 05-14-2013
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A 20-year-old female presented with thirst, polyposia, and polyuria and was referred to our hospital because of leukocytosis and anemia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed 66.8% myeloperoxidase-positive blasts and trilineage myelodysplasia. The karyotype was 45, XX, inv(3)(q21q26.2), -7[19]. Therefore, a diagnosis of AML with inv(3)(q21q26.2) complicated by -7 was made. Moreover, hyposthenuria and a low anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) level were observed. Although cerebrospinal fluid analysis was normal, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed the absence of hyperintensity in the neurohypophysis in T1-weighted images. Therefore, she was also diagnosed with diabetes insipidus. After she was administered a desmopressin nasal spray, the volume of urine produced decreased. Following treatment with second induction therapy containing high-dose cytarabine for AML, she achieved complete remission in the bone marrow. Moreover, when the abnormality on MRI and the volume of urine were normalized, she discontinued desmopressin. Although diabetes insipidus is a rare complication of AML, the majority of AML patients who have diabetes insipidus have the abnormal karyotypes with inv(3)(q21q26.2)/t(3;3)(q21;q26.2) and monosomy 7. Further study is required to clarify the pathogenesis and develop a strategy for the treatment of this category of AML.
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Clinical factors predicting the response of acute graft-versus-host disease to corticosteroid therapy: an analysis from the GVHD Working Group of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2013
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Systemic corticosteroid therapy is recommended as a first-line treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We performed a retrospective study to identify the factors affecting the response of grade II to IV acute GVHD to systemic corticosteroid therapy using the Japanese national registry data for patients who received first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with bone marrow (BM) (n = 1955), peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) (n = 642), or umbilical cord blood (UCB) (n = 839). Of 3436 patients, 2190 (63.7%) showed improvement of acute GVHD to first-line therapy with corticosteroids. Various factors were identified to predict corticosteroid response. Interestingly, UCB (versus HLA-matched related BM) transplantation was significantly associated with a higher probability of improvement, whereas HLA-matched unrelated BM and HLA-mismatched stem cell sources other than UCB were significantly associated with a lower probability of improvement. HLA-matched related PBSC transplantation was not significantly different from HLA-matched related BM transplantation. Patients without improvement from corticosteroid therapy had a 2.5-times higher nonrelapse mortality and a .6-times lower overall survival rate. The present study demonstrated, for the first time, a higher probability of improvement in grade II to IV acute GVHD with systemic corticosteroid therapy in patients after UCB transplantation than in those after BM and PBSC transplantation. A prospective study is warranted.
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Refractoriness to platelet transfusion in acute myeloid leukemia correlated with the optical density of anti-platelet factor 4/heparin antibodies.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2013
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A small number of reports have described cases of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia complicating hematological disorders with impaired platelet production. We describe the case of a 66-year-old woman with acute myeloid leukemia who exhibited unexplained refractoriness to platelet transfusion, while receiving heparin flushes, and was found to have anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4)/heparin antibodies with high optical density (OD) values (>2 units) detected by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. After cessation of heparin flushes, her refractoriness to platelet transfusion resolved. We retrospectively confirmed that the OD values for anti-PF4/heparin antibodies declined gradually; refractoriness to platelet transfusion resolved when the OD values fell below 1.0 units. Given the absence of any other evident explanation for this phenomenon, and the correlation between the OD values for anti-PF4/heparin antibodies and the efficacy of platelet transfusions, we conclude that the patients refractoriness to platelet transfusion was most likely caused by anti-PF4/heparin antibodies that had platelet-activating properties.
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Dasatinib maintenance therapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for an isolated central nervous system blast crisis in chronic myelogenous leukemia.
Acta Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2013
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A 22-year-old male with Ph-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) was started on treatment with imatinib. After 12 months of therapy, he achieved a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR). Although the CCyR persisted in his bone marrow, he developed an isolated CML blast crisis in his central nervous system (CNS) after 29 months of therapy. He underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following combination therapy with dasatinib, intrathecal chemotherapy and cranial irradiation. Subsequently, 168 days after allogeneic HSCT, he was started on dasatinib maintenance therapy to prevent a CNS relapse. Thirty-eight months after allogeneic HSCT, he has sustained a complete molecular response in both bone marrow and CNS. We believe dasatinib has the potential to prevent CNS relapse if used for maintenance therapy after allogeneic HSCT.
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[Membranous nephropathy with nephrotic syndrome developed after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2011
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A 38-year-old man was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We performed myeloablative bone marrow transplantation from an unrelated donor during the patients first complete remission. After engraftment, he developed acute graft-versus-host disease involving the gastrointestinal tract on day 32. Steroids and mycophenolate mofetil were initiated from day 39. His symptoms improved and the dose of immunosuppressants was tapered and then discontinued on day 421. On day 491, he developed nephrotic syndrome (NS). Based on renal biopsy, membranous nephropathy was diagnosed. There were no apparent symptoms or abnormal laboratory data suggestive of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). Steroid therapy was initiated from day 518 and proteinuria improved significantly. NS is very rare following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). When there is no concomitant cGVHD, as in this case, allo-HSCT-associated NS is difficult to distinguish from idiopathic NS.
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[Chronic myelogenous leukemia complicated by drug-induced agranulocytosis].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 06-08-2011
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We describe a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) who developed drug-induced agranulocytosis. A 75-year-old female was diagnosed with CML in December 2001. She had been receiving imatinib therapy for more than five years. In August 2007, she was hospitalized due to a severe neutropenia 10 days after colonoscopy. She was diagnosed as having agranulocytosis induced by colonoscopy premedication including scopolamine butylbromide and flumazenil. Severe neutropenia was resolved by G-CSF treatment without CML progression. Agranulocytosis in patients with CML is rare, but potentially lethal. Here, we report the clinical course in this patient.
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Reduced-intensity conditioning by fludarabine/busulfan without additional irradiation or T-cell depletion leads to low non-relapse mortality in unrelated bone marrow transplantation.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2011
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In reduced intensity, allogeneic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donors (u-RIST), graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), graft failure, and non-relapse mortality (NRM) are persistent problems. Although anti-thymocyte globulin, alemtuzumab, and total body irradiation (TBI) have been explored as conditioning modalities for u-RIST, the necessity for T-cell depletion or TBI to prevent GVHD or facilitate engraftment in u-RIST has not been determined. We here report the use of u-RIST with bone marrow grafting, following a simple conditioning regimen of 180 mg/m(2) fludarabine and 8 mg/kg of oral or intravenous busulfan without TBI or T-cell depletion. The study population was exclusively Japanese patients with a history of prior chemotherapy. We retrospectively analyzed 31 consecutive patients (median age 53 years). Twenty-five patients (81%) were transplanted from HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 allele-matched donors. In all patients, neutrophil engraftment was achieved. The cumulative incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was 42%. However, 77% of patients with acute GVHD improved with, and could be managed by, initial, systemic, high-dose steroid treatment alone. Two-year overall and event-free survival was 62 and 53%, respectively. The NRM of 10% at 2 years was relatively low. Our results suggest that u-RIST without TBI or T-cell depletion may improve the prognosis after u-RIST in certain patient populations.
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[A modified myeloablative conditioning regimen for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, consisting of intravenous busulfan, cyclophosphamide and total lymphoid irradiation, in advanced leukemia].
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
PUBLISHED: 09-16-2010
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In nine patients with advanced acute or chronic leukemia, we performed allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) following a modified myeloablative conditioning regimen intended to optimize the intensity of conditioning. This regimen consisted of intravenous busulfan 8mg/kg, cyclophosphamide 120mg/kg and total lymphoid irradiation 7.5 Gy. The median age of the patients was 30 years (range 18-59). Stem cell sources were related bone marrow in two, related peripheral blood in one, and unrelated bone marrow in six patients. Prophylaxis against acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was cyclosporine and short-term methotrexate. Acute GVHD appeared in six patients (67%), grade II in all. Extensive chronic GVHD occurred in three of seven evaluable patients. The median follow-up period after HSCT was 813 days (248- 1,702). Of nine patients, five relapsed or progressed after HSCT. However, no patient relapsed or progressed within 100 days after HSCT. During the full follow-up period, transplant-related mortality (TRM) was not observed. The two-year overall survival and event-free survival were 88.9% and 50.0%, respectively. Our results suggested that we might reduce the incidence of TRM and simultaneously control disease by using an optimized conditioning regimen for HSCT.
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Serum cytokine profiles at the onset of severe, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage complicating allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, treated successfully with pulse intravenous cyclophosphamide.
Acta Haematol.
PUBLISHED: 04-15-2010
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A 59-year-old man with lymphoma-type adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma was admitted to hospital for treatment of a skin relapse on day 398 after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). To induce a graft-versus-adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma effect, we discontinued methylprednisolone and tacrolimus. About a month after the discontinuation, he developed grade II acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) with a high fever. Soon after the development of GVHD, all the skin lesions regressed in size and finally vanished. However, he developed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH), which was resistant to high-dose corticosteroid therapy. He was intubated for respiratory insufficiency on day 451. Cyclophosphamide pulse therapy was administered at a dose of 1 g per day for 2 days and his oxygen saturation then improved, and ventilatory support was released on day 465. On analysis of cytokine profiles at the onset of DAH, we found elevated serum levels of T-helper 2 cytokines as well as T-helper 1 cytokines, suggesting that both T-helper 1 and T-helper 2 cytokines might play a role in the occurrence of DAH following allo-HSCT. Pulse cyclophosphamide treatment might be very effective in suppressing the exaggerated allogeneic immune response in DAH.
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Heart rate variability during and after peripheral blood stem cell leukapheresis in autologous transplant patients and allogeneic transplant donors.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 02-14-2010
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Side effects of varying severity are frequent in peripheral blood stem cell harvest (PBSCH). Life-threatening complications associated with PBSCH have also been reported. Heart rate variability (HRV), which reflects sympathovagal balance and autonomic cardiovascular control, has been a subject of intense interest in various diseases precipitating sudden death. Here, we prospectively assessed the impact of leukapheresis on HRV among autologous hematopoietic cell transplant patients and healthy donors. We found that HRV indicators, the standard deviation of normal-to-normal intervals (SDNN) value, the square root of the mean of the sum of squared differences between the adjacent normal-to-normal interval (r-MSSD) value, total frequency (TF), high frequency (HF) and low frequency (LF) powers decreased significantly to morbid levels during leukapheresis (all P < 0.01). Morbid changes in SDNN value, TF and LF powers were significantly sustained for 6-9 h after leukapheresis (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, TF and LF powers prior to leukapheresis were significantly lower in subjects with symptomatic hypotension than in the other subjects [3282 (3121-4427) vs. 6018 (4983-9816) ms(2), P = 0.03; 93 (42-144) vs. 237 (142-360) ms(2), P = 0.03, respectively]. Our results suggest that HRV analysis might be of use in evaluating and predicting the adverse effects of cardiovascular complications in PBSCH.
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[Epstein-Barr virus-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder diagnosed by the episode of intestinal perforation following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
Rinsho Ketsueki
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2010
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A 64-year-old man was diagnosed as having acute myeloid leukemia. We performed sequential treatment with chemotherapy and reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation from an unrelated donor while the patient was in partial remission. After engraftment, he developed acute graft-versus-host disease of the gut on day 42 and steroid therapy was started. Despite transient aggravation of diarrhea, his symptoms slowly improved and the dose of steroid was tapered. On day 159, he complained of acute left lower abdominal pain. A CT scan showed perforation of the digestive tract and ileectomy was performed. At surgery, multiple ulcers of the intestine were found and one of the ulcers was perforated. Pathologically, transmural and diffuse proliferation of atypical cells in the ulcer were confirmed. Since these cells were positive for CD20 and Epstein-Barr-virus (EBV) encoded RNA, we made a diagnosis of EBV-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). Reduction in the dose of immunosuppressive agents and rituximab led to complete remission of PTLD. PTLD after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is relatively rare, and the development of gastrointestinal perforation after allo-HSCT is very rare.
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Impact of relative dose intensity (RDI) in CHOP combined with rituximab (R-CHOP) on survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 05-01-2009
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Recently, maintaining higher relative dose intensity (RDI) of chemotherapeutic drugs has become a widespread practice in an attempt to achieve better outcomes in the treatment of aggressive lymphoma. The addition of rituximab to chemotherapy regimens has significantly improved outcome in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). However, it is unknown if higher RDI in chemotherapy when combined with rituximab leads to a better outcome in aggressive B-cell lymphoma.
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Efficacy and safety of intravenous itraconazole as empirical antifungal therapy for persistent fever in neutropenic patients with hematological malignancies in Japan.
Int. J. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 04-03-2009
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Recently, empirical antifungal therapy with intravenous itraconazole (ITCZ) for neutropenic patients with antibiotics-resistant fever has been approved by Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare on the bases of previous multicenter trials of foreign countries. In this study, we conducted a single-arm, multicenter, prospective study in order to evaluate the efficacy of empirical ITCZ injection on Japanese patients. Sixty-eight patients with hematological diseases who underwent anticancer chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation were enrolled. In this study, we found that the overall clinical response rate to ITCZ injection was 67.6% and success rate of achieving composite endpoints including survival, defervescence during neutropenia, no breakthrough fungal infections, and no premature discontinuation of drug was 50.0%. Mild adverse reactions were observed in 6 patients (8.8%). Further analysis revealed that possible/probable deep fungal infection according to the 2002 and 2008 criteria defined by EORTC/MSG were found in 19.1 and 7.5% of the patients, respectively. Interestingly, response rate to ITCZ injection of possible/probable cases according to the 2002 and 2008 criteria was 61.5% (8/13) and 100% (5/5), respectively. These results not only proved the good efficacy and safety of empirical ITCZ injection for Japanese patients, but also indicated a utility of the drug on future "presumptive" approach.
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Cardiac and autonomic nerve function after reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation for hematologic malignancy in patients with pre-transplant cardiac dysfunction.
Ann. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2009
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Recent reports have shown that cardiomyopathy caused by hemochromatosis in severe aplastic anemia is reversible after reduced-intensity allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (RIST). We comprehensively evaluated cardiac and autonomic nerve function to determine whether cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis is attenuated after RIST. In five patients with cardiac dysfunction before transplant, we analyzed the changes in cardiac and autonomic nerve function after transplant, using electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, radionuclide angiography (RNA), serum markers, and heart rate variability (HRV), before and up to 100 days after transplant. There was no significant improvement in cardiac function in any patient and no significant alteration in ECG, echocardiogram, RNA, or serum markers. However, on time-domain analysis of HRV, the SD of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) and the coefficient of variation of the RR interval (CVRR) decreased significantly 30 and 60 days after transplant (P = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). Similarly, on frequency-domain analysis of HRV, low and high frequency power (LF and HF) significantly and temporarily decreased (P = 0.003 and 0.03, respectively). Notably, in one patient who had acute heart failure after transplantation, the values of SDNN, CVRR, r-MSSD, LF, and HF at 30 and 60 days after transplantation were the lowest of all the patients. In conclusion, this study suggests that (a) RIST is well-tolerated in patients with cardiac dysfunction, but we cannot expect improvement in cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis; and (b) monitoring HRV may be useful in predicting cardiac events after RIST.
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Prolonged sinus tachycardia caused by human herpesvirus 6 (HHV6) encephalomyelitis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
Intern. Med.
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A 19-year-old man with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia received an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant with unrelated bone marrow. On day 20, the patient developed impaired consciousness and disorientation. Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid showed 2×10(4) copies/mL of HHV6B. HHV6 encephalitis was diagnosed, as had HHV6 myelitis based on symptoms that included lancinating pain/pruritus in the lower limbs and dysuria/dyschezia. Concurrently, he showed sinus tachycardia. Even after clearance of the HHV6 genome from the plasma and CSF was achieved by treatment with foscarnet, sinus tachycardia persisted for another 100 days. We suspected prolonged sinus tachycardia due to dysautonomia caused by HHV6 encephalomyelitis.
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Eosinophilia, regardless of degree, is related to better outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Intern. Med.
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Several recent studies report that, after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), eosinophilia is a favorable factor for transplant outcomes. However, whether the degree of eosinophilia influences transplant outcomes is yet to be established.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.