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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Treatment with chemotherapy and dendritic cells pulsed with multiple Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1)-specific MHC class I/II-restricted epitopes for pancreatic cancer.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2014
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We performed a phase I trial to investigate the safety, clinical responses, and Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1)-specific immune responses following treatment with dendritic cells (DC) pulsed with a mixture of three types of WT1 peptides, including both MHC class I and II-restricted epitopes, in combination with chemotherapy.
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Prognostic factors related to add-on dendritic cell vaccines on patients with inoperable pancreatic cancer receiving chemotherapy: a multicenter analysis.
Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2014
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Dendritic cell (DC)-based cancer vaccines may have a significant benefit to patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. However, variations among clinical studies make it difficult to compare clinical outcomes. Here, we identified factors that determined the clinical benefits by analyzing data obtained at seven Japanese institutions that employed the same DC preparation and treatment regimens.
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Association between breast cancer risk and the wild-type allele of human ABC transporter ABCC11.
Anticancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-29-2010
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International mortality and frequency rates for breast cancer have been associated with the wet type of human earwax. It was recently found that earwax type is determined by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), 538G>A (Gly180Arg), in ABCC11. The G allele determines the wet type of earwax as a Mendelian trait with a dominant phenotype. The present study examined the association between the frequency rate of breast cancer and the frequency of the G allele of ABCC11.
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Exciton Primer-mediated SNP detection in SmartAmp2 reactions.
Hum. Mutat.
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2010
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Most commonly used intercalating fluorescent dyes in DNA detection are lacking any sequence specificity, whereas so-called Exciton Primers can overcome this limitation by functioning as "sequence-specific dyes." After hybridization to complementary sequences, the fluorescence of Exciton Primers provides sequence-specific signals for real-time monitoring of amplification reactions. Applied to the SmartAmp2 mutation detection process, Exciton Primers show high signal strength with low background leading to a superior specificity and sensitivity compared to SYBR Green I. Signal strength can be further enhanced using multiple dyes within one Exciton Primer or use of multiple Exciton Primers in the same amplification reaction. Here we demonstrate the use of Exciton Primers for genotyping a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the VKORC1 locus (-1639G>A) relevant for Warfarin dosing as an example for Exciton Primers mediated genotyping by SmartAmp2. The genotyping assay can use only one labeled Exciton Primer for endpoint detection, or simultaneously by real-time monitoring detect wild-type and mutant alleles in a one-tube reaction using two Exciton Primers having different dyes. Working directly from blood samples, Exciton Primer mediated genotyping by SmartAmp2 offers superior solutions for rapid point-of-care testing.
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Usefulness of peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-clamp smart amplification process version 2 (SmartAmp2) for clinical diagnosis of KRAS codon 12 mutations in lung adenocarcinoma: comparison of PNA-clamp SmartAmp2 and PCR-related methods.
J Mol Diagn
PUBLISHED: 12-10-2009
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KRAS is an oncogene that can be activated by mutations. Patients with non-small cell lung cancer who have KRAS mutations do not respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors; therefore, accurate detection of KRAS mutations is important for deciding therapeutic strategies. Although sequencing-related techniques have been frequently used, they are usually too complex, have low sensitivity, and are time-consuming for routine screening in clinical situations. We evaluated peptide nucleic acid (PNA)-clamp smart amplification process version 2 (SmartAmp2) as a detection method for KRAS codon 12 mutations in patient specimens compared with traditional sequencing and polymerase chain reaction-related methods. Among 172 lung adenocarcinoma samples, direct sequencing, enzyme-enriched sequencing, and PNA-enriched sequencing showed that 16 (9.3%), 26 (15.7%), and 28 (16.3%) tumors, respectively, contained KRAS mutations in codon 12. Using PNA-clamp SmartAmp2, we could identify 31 (18.0%) tumors that had KRAS mutations in codon 12 within 60 minutes, three of which were undetected by polymerase chain reaction-related methods. On the other hand, we examined 30 nonmalignant peripheral lung tissue specimens and found no mutations in any of the samples using PNA-clamp SmartAmp2. In this study, we confirmed that PNA-clamp SmartAmp2 has high sensitivity and accuracy and is suitable for the clinical diagnosis of KRAS codon 12 mutations.
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Isothermal single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping and direct PCR from whole blood using a novel whole-blood lysis buffer.
Mol Diagn Ther
PUBLISHED: 11-21-2009
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Cell lysis and subsequent release of genomic DNA is an ongoing dilemma for molecular biological techniques. In most cases, technologies such as PCR and other amplification techniques require DNA extraction and purification steps. The Smart Amplification Process Version 2 (SmartAmp2) is an isothermal and integrated amplification technology that eliminates the need for time-consuming sample preparation for the rapid detection of nucleic acids, including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), mutations, and other targets. In addition, DNA amplification directly from whole blood is beneficial and lessens the risk of cross-contamination. Traditional SmartAmp2 assays entail two steps and require an alkali pretreatment step at 98 degrees C prior to the 60 degrees C run. To make SmartAmp2 truly isothermal and to simplify DNA amplification, we hereby introduce the SmartAmp Isothermal Lysis Buffer (SIL-B), a newly developed chaotropic lysis buffer that enables the simultaneous recovery and denaturation of genomic material directly from whole blood at a uniform 60 degrees C. The improved method for isolating nucleic acids from whole blood is a critical milestone in making SmartAmp2 truly isothermal from start to finish at one temperature, increasing its potential to be routinely used in field point-of-care testing. Furthermore, pretreatment with SIL-B enables the PCR amplification of genomic material directly from whole blood.
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Rapid single-nucleotide polymorphism detection of cytochrome P450 (CYP2C9) and vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1) genes for the warfarin dose adjustment by the SMart-amplification process version 2.
Clin. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2009
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Polymorphisms of the CYP2C9 (cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9) gene (CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3) and the VKORC1 (vitamin K epoxide reductase complex, subunit 1) gene (-1639G>A) greatly impact the maintenance dose for the drug warfarin. Prescreening patients for their genotypes before prescribing the drug facilitates a faster individualized determination of the proper maintenance dose, minimizing the risk for adverse reaction and reoccurrence of thromboembolic episodes. With current methodologies, therapy can be delayed by several hours to 1 day if genotyping is to determine the loading dose. A simpler and more rapid genotyping method is required.
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Impact of dendritic cell vaccines pulsed with Wilms tumour-1 peptide antigen on the survival of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancers.
Eur. J. Cancer
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Dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccines have been expected to serve as new therapeutic approaches for advanced non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs); however, their clinical outcomes have not been fully elucidated. We report a single-centre clinical study analysing factors affecting the survival of patients with advanced NSCLCs who received DC vaccines pulsed with or without Wilms tumour protein-1 (WT1) peptide.
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One-step detection of the 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus by the RT-SmartAmp assay and its clinical validation.
PLoS ONE
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In 2009, a pandemic (pdm) influenza A(H1N1) virus infection quickly circulated globally resulting in about 18,000 deaths around the world. In Japan, infected patients accounted for 16% of the total population. The possibility of human-to-human transmission of highly pathogenic novel influenza viruses is becoming a fear for human health and society.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.