JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Further evidence that a new type of Japanese pickles reduce the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats.
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
PUBLISHED: 10-28-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A new type of pickles (nukazuke) that contain GABA and angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitory peptides and that reduce blood pressure of rats was studied further. Seven kinds of nukazuke forcefully administrated orally for one day reduced temporarily the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, a fermented shougoin daikon administrated freely for 4 weeks did not increase the blood pressure of the rats, but suppressed it throughout the experiment. Taken together with previous data (Oda et al., Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2014) it was concluded that the nukazuke could reduce the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats. Thus, the newly developed functional pickles appear to be beneficial for pickles business.
Related JoVE Video
Relationship between the liver tissue shear modulus and histopathologic findings analyzed by intraoperative shear wave elastography and digital microscopically assisted morphometry in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Shear wave elastography is a novel noninvasive method for assessing liver fibrosis by measuring liver stiffness. This study was conducted to evaluate how pathologic changes could have an impact on measured elasticity values in both resected hepatocellular carcinomas and adjacent liver tissue.
Related JoVE Video
Cytological features of mammary analogue secretory carcinoma of salivary gland: fine-needle aspiration of seven cases.
Diagn. Cytopathol.
PUBLISHED: 01-19-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described salivary gland neoplasm that is defined by ETV6-NTRK3 gene fusion. There have been few case reports on the cytopathologic features of MASC to date. We examined the clinicopathological and cytological features of seven cases of MASC defined by RT-PCR analysis of the ETV6-NTRK3 fusion gene. The cases occurred in three men and four women aged between 39 and 68 years, with a mean of 51.6 years. In five of these seven cases, the tumor involved the parotid gland. Histologically, all cases displayed predominantly microcystic patterns, often a mixture of follicular and papillary-cystic structures. All tumors were immunoreactive for mammaglobin, S-100 protein, and vimentin. Available fine-needle aspiration cytology smears were cellular and exhibited many loosely cohesive syncytial clusters or isolated cells. Many histiocytes, some of which contained hemosiderin pigments, and variously shaped mucinous material were evident in the background or within the epithelial clusters. The majority of cases showed small to medium-sized follicular structures with secreted materials. Papillary clusters were occasionally found. Tumor cells exhibited small to medium-sized round to oval nuclei, with a smooth contour and indistinct or small nucleoli, and vacuolated cytoplasm. No tumor cells had obvious intracytoplasmic zymogen granules. It appeared that clusters of small to medium-sized follicular and papillary configurations consisting of bland tumor cells with vacuolated cytoplasm, but lack of intracytoplasmic zymogen granules, in a mucinous or hemosiderin-laden histiocyte-rich background, were a characteristic cytological feature highly suggestive of MASC.
Related JoVE Video
Establishment of successively transplantable rabbit VX2 cancer cells that express enhanced green fluorescent protein.
Med Mol Morphol
PUBLISHED: 01-15-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Morphological detection of cancer cells in the rabbit VX2 allograft transplantation model is often difficult in a certain region such as serosal cavity where reactive mesothelial cells mimic cancer cells and both cells share common markers such as cytokeratins. Therefore, tagging VX2 cells with a specific and sensitive marker that easily distinguishes them from other cells would be advantageous. Thus, we tried to establish a successively transplantable, enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-expressing VX2 model. Cancer cells obtained from a conventional VX2-bearing rabbit were cultured in vitro and transfected with an EGFP-encoding vector, and then successively transplanted in Healthy Japanese White rabbits (HJWRs) (n = 8). Besides, conventional VX2 cells were transplanted in other HJWRs (n = 8). Clinicopathological comparison analyses were performed between the two groups. The success rate of transplantation was 100 % for both groups. The sensitivity and specificity of EGFP for immunohistochemical detection of VX2 cells were 84.3 and 100 %, respectively. No significant differences in cancer cell morphology, tumor size (P = 0.742), Ki-67 labeling index (P = 0.878), or survival rate (P = 0.592) were observed between the two. VX2 cells can be genetically altered, visualized by EGFP, and successively transplanted without significant alteration of morphological and biological properties compared to those of the conventional model.
Related JoVE Video
A retrospective study of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) as a prognostic factor in cancer of the uterine cervix.
Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Hypoxia occurs during the development of uterine cervical cancer and is considered to correlate with its invasion. Hypoxia promotes both the invasiveness and the metastasis of cancer cells through urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) expression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between uPAR mRNA level and clinical prognostic factors of uterine cervical cancer.
Related JoVE Video
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia occurring in bilateral eyelids.
BMC Ophthalmol
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign lesion, primarily occurring in the head and neck. ALHE arising from the ocular adnexa is rare, and the bilateral presentation is especially rare in the eyelids.
Related JoVE Video
Primary large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the ureter.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is the rarest type of urinary tract malignancy. Herein, we report a case of LCNEC that arose in the ureter of a 78-year-old Japanese man with a history of ascending colon cancer that had been excised by a right hemicolectomy. Left-sided hydronephrosis associated with the ureteral tumor was discovered during follow-up. A left nephroureterectomy combined with a partial resection of the urinary bladder was performed because atypical cells were detected using voided urine cytology. A histopathological examination revealed that the ureteral tumor contained large atypical epithelial cells of neuroendocrine morphology without a urothelial carcinomatous component. The neoplastic cells were immunohistochemically positive for synaptophysin, chromogranin A, CD56, and cytokeratins, but they were negative for uroplakin III and thyroid transcription factor-1. The Ki-67 labeling index of the neoplastic cells was 50%. Transmission electron microscopy demonstrated the presence of numerous dense granules in the cytoplasm of the neoplastic cells. The ureteral lesion was finally classified as stage III, pT3 cN0 cM0. The patients postoperative course was uneventful without chemoradiotherapy, and LCNEC did not recur in the subsequent nine months. This case demonstrates that LCNEC can occur in the ureter, which normally does not contain neuroendocrine cells in the urothelium.
Related JoVE Video
Ultrasonography-guided hepatic tumor resection using a real-time virtual sonography with indocyanine green navigation (with videos).
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci
PUBLISHED: 12-13-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
For hepatic tumors that cannot be identified on routine ultrasonography (US), we marked the target area using real-time virtual sonography (RVS) with indocyanine green (ICG)-ethanol (1:100) during surgery, and performed hepatic resection while observing the fluorescence.
Related JoVE Video
The rate-limiting step for CO(2) assimilation at different temperatures is influenced by the leaf nitrogen content in several C(3) crop species.
Plant Cell Environ.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Effects of nitrogen (N) supply on the limiting step of CO(2) assimilation rate (A) at 380 µmol mol(-1) CO(2) concentration (A(380) ) at several leaf temperatures were studied in several crops, since N nutrition alters N allocation between photosynthetic components. Contents of leaf N, ribulose 1·5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco) and cytochrome f (cyt f) increased with increasing N supply, but the cyt f/Rubisco ratio decreased. Large leaf N content was linked to a high stomatal (g(s) ) and mesophyll conductance (g(m) ), but resulted in a lower intercellular (C(i) ) and chloroplast CO(2) concentration (C(c) ) because the increase in g(s) and g(m) was insufficient to compensate for change in A(380) . The A-C(c) response was used to estimate the maximum rate of RuBP carboxylation (V(cmax) ) and chloroplast electron transport (J(max) ). The J(max) /V(cmax) ratio decreased with reductions in leaf N content, which was consistent with the results of the cyt f/Rubisco ratio. Analysis using the C(3) photosynthesis model indicated that A(380) tended to be limited by RuBP carboxylation in plants grown at low N concentration, whereas it was limited by RuBP regeneration in plants grown at high N concentration. We conclude that the limiting step of A(380) depends on leaf N content and is mainly determined by N partitioning between Rubisco and electron transport components.
Related JoVE Video
Listerial invasion protein internalin B promotes entry into ileal Peyers patches in vivo.
Microbiol. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) invades the host intestine using listerial invasion proteins, internalins. The in vivo role of internalin A (InlA) and internalin B (InlB) is reported here. Intragastric (i.g.) administration and ligated loop assays with ?inlB-Lm demonstrated that a lack of InlB significantly attenuates the invasive ability of Lm into various organs. On the other hand, InlA(m)-Lm expressing a mutant InlA with two substitutions, S192N and Y369S, which has been reported to increase the affinity of InlA to mouse E-cadherin, resulted in little increase in intestinal infection according to both ligated loop and i.g. infection assays. Lm preferentially enters ileal Peyers patch (PP) via M cells and ?inlB-Lm showed severely reduced ability to invade though these cells. The present results reveal the importance of InlB, which accelerates listerial invasion into M cells on ileal PPs in vivo.
Related JoVE Video
A small-molecule inhibitor of the bacterial type III secretion system protects against in vivo infection with Citrobacter rodentium.
J. Antibiot.
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The type III secretion system (T3SS) is highly conserved in many Gram-negative pathogenic bacteria and functions as an injector of bacterial proteins (effectors) into host cells. T3SSs are involved in establishing disease processes, but this machinery is not essential for bacterial growth or homeostasis. Thus, T3SS is expected to be a candidate therapeutic target, and inhibitors of T3SSs could potentially reduce virulence without causing bacterial death, thereby avoiding any subsequent development of resistance. We identified a linear polyketide compound, aurodox, as a specific T3SS inhibitor from the culture broth of Streptomyces sp. using a screening system for the T3SS-mediated hemolysis of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) established by our group. Aurodox strongly inhibited T3SS-mediated hemolysis with an IC(50) value of 1.5??g?ml(-1) without affecting bacterial growth in liquid media. We also demonstrated that aurodox specifically inhibits the secretion of type III-secreted proteins such as EspB, EspF and Map, without affecting the expression of the housekeeping protein GroEL. Furthermore, an in vivo infection study using mice clearly indicated that the administration of aurodox allowed the mice to survive a lethal dose of Citrobactor rodentium, a model bacterium for human pathogens such as EPEC. Thus, our in vivo study directly demonstrated for the first time that this putative T3SS inhibitor can be applied as a novel class of anti-infective agents.
Related JoVE Video
Purification, biochemical characterization, and cloning of phospholipase D from Streptomyces racemochromogenes strain 10-3.
Protein J.
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
We previously isolated Streptomyces racemochromogenes strain 10-3, which produces a phospholipase D (PLD) with high transphosphatidylation activity. Here, we purified and cloned the PLD (PLD103) from the strain. PLD103 exerted the highest hydrolytic activity at a slightly alkaline pH, which is in contrast to the majority of known Streptomyces PLDs that have a slightly acidic optimum pH. PLD103 shares only 71-76% amino acid sequence identity with other Streptomyces PLDs that have a slightly acidic optimum pH; thus, the diversity in the primary structure might explain the discrepancy observed in the optimum pH. The purified PLD displayed high transphosphatidylation activity in the presence of glycerol, L: -serine, and 2-aminoethanol hydrochloride with a conversion rate of 82-97% in a simple one-phase system, which was comparable to the rate of other Streptomyces PLDs in a complicated biphasic system.
Related JoVE Video
EspJ effector in enterohemorrhagic E. coli translocates into host mitochondria via an atypical mitochondrial targeting signal.
Microbiol. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 07-13-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
EHEC is a bacterial pathogen causing diarrhea and hemorrhagic colitis in humans. To exert virulence, EHEC exploits a subset of effectors that are translocated into host cells via the type III secretion system. EspJ, which was recently identified as a type III secreted effector, is conserved in related pathogens such as EPEC and Citrobacter rodentium. However, the exact function of EspJ remains unclear. In the present study, we found that EspJ was unstable in host cells, which might be attributable to the N-terminal part beginning from amino acid number 59. Using stable forms of EspJ derivatives, we demonstrated for the first time that EspJ has the ability to translocate into mitochondria via an atypical mitochondrial targeting signal at the N terminus (1-36 a.a.) of EspJ. It has been reported that a mitochondrial targeting effector, EspF, disrupts the mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in an induction of host cell death. To further investigate EspJ function in mitochondria, HeLa cells were infected with wild-type EPEC, an isogenic EspJ-mutant or an EspJ-overexpressing strain. The result of LDH release assay using an EspJ-mutant showed that the EspJ effector appears not to be involved in cytotoxicity.
Related JoVE Video
[Two cases of orbital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma with chromosome aberration].
Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi
PUBLISHED: 05-04-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Two cases of pediatric orbital rhabdomyosarcoma leading to visual dysfunction with rapid growth.
Related JoVE Video
Identification of actinomycetes producing phospholipase d with high transphosphatidylation activity.
Curr. Microbiol.
PUBLISHED: 10-25-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Previously we isolated six actinomycetes strains, 9-4, 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-6, and 21-4, that produce phospholipase D (PLD) with high transphosphatidylation activity. In this study, we identified these strains, and the PLD activities were compared with those of reference strains. 16S rDNA sequences and DNA-DNA hybridization tests indicated taxonomic affiliations of strain 9-6 with Streptomyces senoensis, strains 10-1 and 10-6 with S. vinaceus, and strains 10-2 and 10-3 with S. racemochromogenes. Strain 21-4, though identified as a Streptomyces sp., could not be identified with any known species. Meanwhile, most of the culture supernatants of reference strains demonstrated no or very weak PLD activity, while those of our strains exhibited significantly higher activity. All of the strains in this study were identified as Streptomyces species. The PLD activity of our strains exceeded most of the reference Streptomyces strains. The findings in this study imply that the Streptomyces strains, although they are members of the same species, can produce different quantities of PLD enzyme.
Related JoVE Video
Simultaneous assessment of pharmacokinetics of pilsicainide transdermal patch and its electropharmacological effects on atria of chronic atrioventricular block dogs.
J. Pharmacol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Pharmacokinetics of pilsicainide transdermal patch and its electropharmacological effects were simultaneously assessed using chronic atrioventricular block dogs. After application of the patch (9.8 mg/kg), pilsicainide was continuously absorbed through the skin with a C(max) of 0.49 +/- 0.13 microg/ml, while its plasma concentration was kept above the clinically reported minimum effective plasma concentration for 2 - 8 h. Inter-atrial conduction time was significantly prolonged, whereas statistically significant prolongation was not detected in the atrial effective refractory period. Prolongation of the cycle length of atrial fibrillation and anti-fibrillatory action were confirmed. Thus, pilsicainide can be absorbed transdermally to exert long-lasting electropharmacological effects leading to anti-atrial fibrillatory action.
Related JoVE Video
Bacteria hijack integrin-linked kinase to stabilize focal adhesions and block cell detachment.
Nature
PUBLISHED: 06-03-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The rapid turnover and exfoliation of mucosal epithelial cells provides an innate defence system against bacterial infection. Nevertheless, many pathogenic bacteria, including Shigella, are able to surmount exfoliation and colonize the epithelium efficiently. Here we show that the Shigella flexneri effector OspE (consisting of OspE1 and OspE2 proteins), which is highly conserved among enteropathogenic Escherichia coli, enterohaemorrhagic E. coli, Citrobacter rodentium and Salmonella strains, reinforces host cell adherence to the basement membrane by interacting with integrin-linked kinase (ILK). The number of focal adhesions was augmented along with membrane fraction ILK by ILK-OspE binding. The interaction between ILK and OspE increased cell surface levels of 1 integrin and suppressed phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase and paxillin, which are required for rapid turnover of focal adhesion in cell motility. Nocodazole-washout-induced focal adhesion disassembly was blocked by expression of OspE. Polarized epithelial cells infected with a Shigella mutant lacking the ospE gene underwent more rapid cell detachment than cells infected with wild-type Shigella. Infection of guinea pig colons with Shigella corroborated the pivotal role of the OspE-ILK interaction in suppressing epithelial detachment, increasing bacterial cell-to-cell spreading, and promoting bacterial colonization. These results indicate that Shigella sustain their infectious foothold by using special tactics to prevent detachment of infected cells.
Related JoVE Video
Differences between rice and wheat in temperature responses of photosynthesis and plant growth.
Plant Cell Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 02-27-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The temperature responses of photosynthesis (A) and growth were examined in rice and wheat grown hydroponically under day/night temperature regimes of 13/10, 19/16, 25/19, 30/24 and 37/31 degrees C. Irrespective of growth temperature, the maximal rates of A were found to be at 30-35 degrees C in rice and at 25-30 degrees C in wheat. Below 25 degrees C the rates were higher in wheat, while above 30 degrees C they were higher in rice. However, in both species, A measured at the growth temperature remained almost constant irrespective of temperature. Biomass production and relative growth rate (RGR) were greatest in rice grown at 30/24 degrees C and in wheat grown at 25/19 degrees C. Although there was no difference between the species in the optimal temperature of the leaf area ratios (LARs), the net assimilation rate (NAR) in rice decreased at low temperature (19/16 degrees C) while the NAR in wheat decreased at high temperature (37/31 degrees C). For both species, the N-use efficiency (NUE) for growth rate (GR), estimated by dividing the NAR by leaf-N content, correlated with GR and with biomass production. Similarly, when NUE for A at growth temperature was estimated, the temperature response of NUE for A was similar to that of NUE for GR in both species. The results suggest that the difference between rice and wheat in the temperature response of biomass production depends on the difference in temperature dependence of NUE for A.
Related JoVE Video
Establishment and characterization of a new squamous cell carcinoma cell line, TMUU-08, derived from human bladder cancer.
Hum. Cell
PUBLISHED: 02-19-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder is a rare malignancy that represents less than 5% of bladder tumors. In contrast to non-bilharzial SCC, bilharzial SCC is a distinct pathological disease that is rarely encountered in Japan. The majority of patients with non-bilharzial SCC present with a poorly differentiated, muscle-invasive tumor with no previous episode of urothelial carcinoma (UC). Even in the absence of distant metastases, the prognosis of patients with non-bilharzial SCC of the bladder remains dismal because patients die of localized recurrence. This is in contrast to UC in which distant metastasis accounts for the great majority of recurrence. The 5-year survival rate of the patients treated for non-bilharzial SCC of the bladder was only about 10%. To date, large numbers of reports have examined the establishment of a human bladder cancer cell line with UC. However, few reports exist regarding the establishment of the human bladder cancer cell line with SCC. In the present study, we established a new cell line (TMUU-08) from the metastatic lymph node of a patient with SCC of the bladder. The TMUU-08 cell line of human bladder SCC was characterized. These results indicate that TMUU-08 cells might be useful in basic studies not only in the treatment but also etiology of human bladder SCC.
Related JoVE Video
Differential roles of interleukin-17A and -17F in host defense against mucoepithelial bacterial infection and allergic responses.
Immunity
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2009
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a cytokine produced by T helper 17 (Th17) cells and plays important roles in the development of inflammatory diseases. Although IL-17F is highly homologous to IL-17A and binds the same receptor, the functional roles of this molecule remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated with Il17a(-/-), Il17f(-/-), and Il17a(-/-)Il17f(-/-) mice that IL-17F played only marginal roles, if at all, in the development of delayed-type and contact hypersensitivities, autoimmune encephalomyelitis, collagen-induced arthritis, and arthritis in Il1rn(-/-) mice. In contrast, both IL-17F and IL-17A were involved in host defense against mucoepithelial infection by Staphylococcus aureus and Citrobacter rodentium. IL-17A was produced mainly in T cells, whereas IL-17F was produced in T cells, innate immune cells, and epithelial cells. Although only IL-17A efficiently induced cytokines in macrophages, both cytokines activated epithelial innate immune responses. These observations indicate that IL-17A and IL-17F have overlapping yet distinct roles in host immune and defense mechanisms.
Related JoVE Video
Immunohistochemical analysis of salivary gland tumors: application for surgical pathology practice.
Acta Histochem Cytochem
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Salivary gland tumors are relatively uncommon and there exists a considerable diagnostic difficulty owing to their diverse histological features in individual lesions and the presence of a number of types and variants, in addition to overlapping histological patterns similar to those observed in different tumor entities. The classification is complex, but is closely relevant to the prognostic and therapeutic aspects. Although hematoxylin-eosin staining is still the gold standard method used for the diagnosis, immunohistochemistry (IHC) can enhance the accuracy and be a helpful tool when in cases to investigate the subjects that cannot be assessed by histological examination, such as the cell nature and differentiation status, cell proliferation, and tumor protein expression. This review depicts on the practical diagnostic utility of IHC in salivary gland tumor pathology under the following issues: assessment of cell differentiation, focusing on neoplastic myoepithelial cells; discrimination of histologically mimic tumor groups; diagnosis of specific tumor types, e.g., pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and salivary duct carcinoma; and evaluation of malignancy and prognostic factors. IHC plays a limited, even though important, role in the diagnosis of salivary gland tumors, but is often useful to support the histological assessment. However, unfortunately few tumor type-specific markers are still currently available. For these reasons, IHC should be considered a method that can be used to assist the final diagnosis, and its results themselves do not directly indicate a definitive diagnosis.
Related JoVE Video
Immune mediators in vitreous fluids from patients with vitreoretinal B-cell lymphoma.
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Various immune mediators are hypothesized to have important roles in the pathogenesis of vitreoretinal B-cell lymphoma, although the exact mechanisms remain unclear. We determined the immune mediator profile in the vitreous of eyes with vitreoretinal B-cell lymphoma.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.