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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Identification of crucial parameters in a mathematical multiscale model of glioblastoma growth.
Comput Math Methods Med
PUBLISHED: 01-16-2014
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Glioblastomas are highly malignant brain tumours. Mathematical models and their analysis provide a tool to support the understanding of the development of these tumours as well as the design of more effective treatment strategies. We have previously developed a multiscale model of glioblastoma progression that covers processes on the cellular and molecular scale. Here, we present a novel nutrient-dependent multiscale sensitivity analysis of this model that helps to identify those reaction parameters of the molecular interaction network that influence the tumour progression on the cellular scale the most. In particular, those parameters are identified that essentially determine tumour expansion and could be therefore used as potential therapy targets. As indicators for the success of a potential therapy target, a deceleration of the tumour expansion and a reduction of the tumour volume are employed. From the results, it can be concluded that no single parameter variation results in a less aggressive tumour. However, it can be shown that a few combined perturbations of two systematically selected parameters cause a slow-down of the tumour expansion velocity accompanied with a decrease of the tumour volume. Those parameters are primarily linked to the reactions that involve the microRNA-451 and the thereof regulated protein MO25.
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Biophysical modeling of brain tumor progression: from unconditionally stable explicit time integration to an inverse problem with parabolic PDE constraints for model calibration.
Med Phys
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A novel unconditionally stable, explicit numerical method is introduced to the field of modeling brain cancer progression on a tissue level together with an inverse problem (IP) based on optimal control theory that allows for automated model calibration with respect to observations in clinical imaging data.
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A novel method for simulating the extracellular matrix in models of tumour growth.
Comput Math Methods Med
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A novel hybrid continuum-discrete model to simulate tumour growth on a cellular scale is proposed. The lattice-based spatiotemporal model consists of reaction-diffusion equations that describe interactions between cancer cells and their microenvironment. The fundamental ingredients that are typically considered are the nutrient concentration, the extracellular matrix (ECM), and matrix degrading enzymes (MDEs). The in vivo processes are very complex and occur on different levels. This in turn leads to huge computational costs. The main contribution of the present work is therefore to describe the processes on the basis of simplified mathematical approaches, which, at the same time, depict realistic results to understand the biological processes. In this work, we discuss if we have to simulate the MDE or if the degraded matrix can be estimated directly with respect to the cancer cell distribution. Additionally, we compare the results for modelling tumour growth using the common and our simplified approach, thereby demonstrating the advantages of the proposed method. Therefore, we introduce variations of the positioning of the nutrient delivering blood vessels and use different initializations of the ECM. We conclude that the novel method, which does not explicitly model the matrix degrading enzymes, provides means for a straightforward and fast implementation for modelling tumour growth.
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A computational multiscale model of glioblastoma growth: regulation of cell migration and proliferation via microRNA-451, LKB1 and AMPK.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
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A new computational multiscale model of glioblastoma growth is introduced. This model combines an agent-based model for representing processes on the cellular level with a molecular interaction network for each cell on the subcellular scale. The network is based on recently published work on the interaction of microRNA-451, LKB1 and AMPK in the regulation of glioblastoma cell migration and proliferation. We translated this network into a mathematical description by the use of 17 ordinary differential equations. In our model, we furthermore establish a link from the molecular interaction network of a single cell to cellular actions (e.g. chemotactic movement) on the microscopic level. First results demonstrate that the computational model reproduces a tumor cell development comparable to that observed in in vitro experiments.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.