JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparison of the Incidence of Postoperative Hypocalcemia following Total Thyroidectomy vs Completion Thyroidectomy.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 11-01-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To study the rate of postoperative hypocalcemia following completion thyroidectomy (CT), in comparison with the hypocalcemia rate following total thyroidectomy (TT).
Related JoVE Video
Is age associated with risk of malignancy in thyroid cancer?
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Many predictive models for risk of malignancy in well-differentiated thyroid cancer (WDTC) have been proposed, and many scoring systems for thyroid cancer prognosis have been established. Age is taken in consideration in all. Our main goal is to establish whether patients' age has a correlation with the rate of malignancy, size, and aggressiveness of the tumor.
Related JoVE Video
Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of thyroid nodules: does size matter?
Am J Otolaryngol
PUBLISHED: 02-15-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Some authors have questioned the benefit of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules ? 4 cm. They report that the results of the FNA are not as reliable when compared to nodules <4 cm. The aims of this study are to evaluate the accuracy and predictive values of ultrasound-guided FNA (USFNA) of thyroid nodules ? 4 cm and compare these findings to nodules <4 cm.
Related JoVE Video
Cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with regional metastases: the prognostic importance of soft tissue metastases and extranodal spread.
Ann. Surg. Oncol.
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Extranodal spread (ENS) is an established adverse prognostic factor in metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC); however, the clinical significance of soft tissue metastases (STM) is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis of patients with STM from head and neck cSCC, and to compare this with that of node metastases with and without ENS.
Related JoVE Video
Central compartment dissection in thyroid papillary carcinoma.
Ann. Surg.
PUBLISHED: 02-25-2011
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Systematic elective paratracheal dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma is controversial.
Related JoVE Video
Economic evaluation of Vacuum Assisted Closure® Therapy for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers in France.
Int Wound J
PUBLISHED: 09-28-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
The objective of the study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of Vacuum Assisted Closure® (V.A.C.®) Therapy compared with advanced wound care (AWC) for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in France. A cost-effectiveness model intended to reflect the management of DFUs was updated for the French setting. The Markov model follows the progression of 1000 hypothetical patients over a 1-year period. The model was populated with French-specific data, obtained from published sources and clinical experts. The analysis evaluated costs and health outcomes, in terms of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), wounds healed and amputations, from the perspective of the payer. The patients treated with V.A.C.® Therapy experienced more QALYs (0.787 versus 0.784) and improved healing rates (50.2% versus 48.5%) at a lower total cost of care (€24,881 versus €28,855 per patient per year) when compared with AWC. Sensitivity analyses conducted around key model parameters indicated that the results were affected by hospital resource use and costs. DFU treatment using V.A.C.® Therapy in France was associated with lower costs, additional QALYs, more healed ulcers and fewer amputations than treatment with AWC. V.A.C.® Therapy was therefore found to be the dominant treatment option.
Related JoVE Video
N1S3: a revised staging system for head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with lymph node metastases: results of 2 Australian Cancer Centers.
Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-07-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
A staging system was designed for metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that would incorporate the parotid as a regional level and facilitate a better prognostic discrimination between subgroups.
Related JoVE Video
Serum Thyroglobulin Improves the Sensitivity of the McGill Thyroid Nodule Score for Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.
Thyroid
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Background: The McGill Thyroid Nodule Score (MTNS) is a scoring system elaborated to help physicians to assess the preoperative risk that a thyroid nodule is malignant. It uses 22 different known risk factors for thyroid cancer (radiation exposure, microcalcifications on ultrasound, positive HBME-1 stain on biopsy, etc) and attributes a percentage risk that the nodule is malignant. Recently, preoperative thyroglobulin (Tg) levels has been shown to correlate with the risk of malignancy. The aim of this study was to incorporate Tg levels into the already established MTNS. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 184 thyroidectomy patients at the McGill University Thyroid Cancer Centre. Patients with preoperative Tg levels were included in the study, and patients with incidental papillary microcarcinoma without extrathyroidal extent on final pathology were excluded. MTNS scores were calculated for all patients. Preoperative Tg levels of 75ng/mL added 1 point to the MTNS, and levels of 187.5ng/mL added 2 points. The new score is named MTNS+. Results: Malignancy rates were calculated for each MTNS+ score. Patients with a score of 0-1 were <5% at risk of malignancy, the malignancy rate for scores from 2-3 was 14.29%, followed by 28.95% for scores from 4-6, 32.65% for scores from 7-8, 64.86% from scores from 9-11, 71.43% for scores from 12-14, 78.57% for scores from 15-18, and 92.31% for scores from 19-22. All patients (5 of 5) with an MTNS+ score of 23 or more had a malignant final pathology result. Patients with scores >8 had a relative risk of 2.5 (95% CI 1.79-3.49) of malignancy compared to patients with lower scores. MTNS+ showed good specificity at higher scores, with 89%, 96%, and 100% at scores above 11, 14, and 20, respectively. Compared to MTNS, adding Tg levels did not improve positive predictive values (PPV) or specificity, but improved sensitivity by 7.89% at scores >8, and by up to 10.48% for scores >7. Conclusion: This study shows that adding Tg to the MTNS, increases the sensitivity of this scoring system. Moreover, it suggests that a combined scoring system such as the MTNS+ can accurately stratify the risk of well-differentiated malignancy in patients with thyroid nodules.
Related JoVE Video
Tumor classification in Well-Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Outcomes: a Direct Correlation.
Thyroid
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Objective: Predicting locoregional metastasis in well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC) is a challenge for thyroid cancer surgeons. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has been shown to be an effective predictive tool. To our knowledge, Primary Tumor (T) classification has yet to be studied with regard to SLNB. We hypothesized that larger primary tumors would correlate with the rate of malignancy in SLNBs. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients operated for WDTC at the McGill Thyroid Cancer Center over a 36 month period. Patients who underwent a total thyroidectomy and SLNB for WDTC were included in this study. Results: 311 patients were included and separated into two groups (236 negative and 75 positive SLNBs). Among patients with negative SLNBs, 65% had T1 primary tumors, 17% T2, 16% T3 and 2% T4, whereas 18% of patients with positive SLNBs had T1 primary tumors, 5% T2, 45% T3 and 32% T4 (p<0.001). Patients <45 years old had a higher rate of positive SLNs (36% in <45 years old vs. 17% in ?45 years old) (p<0.001). Conclusions: Age (<45 years old) and higher T category were found to be associated with a higher rate of positive SLNBs.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.