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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Evaluation of fatty proportion in fatty liver using least squares method with constraints.
Biomed Mater Eng
PUBLISHED: 09-18-2014
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Backscatter and attenuation parameters are not easily measured in clinical applications due to tissue inhomogeneity in the region of interest (ROI). A least squares method(LSM) that fits the echo signal power spectra from a ROI to a 3-parameter tissue model was used to get attenuation coefficient imaging in fatty liver. Since fat's attenuation value is higher than normal liver parenchyma, a reasonable threshold was chosen to evaluate the fatty proportion in fatty liver. Experimental results using clinical data of fatty liver illustrate that the least squares method can get accurate attenuation estimates. It is proved that the attenuation values have a positive correlation with the fatty proportion, which can be used to evaluate the syndrome of fatty liver.
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Noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis using ultrasound-based shear wave measurement and comparison to magnetic resonance elastography.
J Ultrasound Med
PUBLISHED: 08-27-2014
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Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) has excellent performance in detecting liver fibrosis and is becoming an alternative to liver biopsy in clinical practice. Ultrasound techniques based on measuring the propagation speed of the shear waves induced by acoustic radiation force also have shown promising results for liver fibrosis staging. The objective of this study was to compare ultrasound-based shear wave measurement to MRE.
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Automatic 3D ultrasound calibration for image guided therapy using intramodality image registration.
Phys Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 10-08-2013
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Many real time ultrasound (US) guided therapies can benefit from management of motion-induced anatomical changes with respect to a previously acquired computerized anatomy model. Spatial calibration is a prerequisite to transforming US image information to the reference frame of the anatomy model. We present a new method for calibrating 3D US volumes using intramodality image registration, derived from the hand-eye calibration technique. The method is fully automated by implementing data rejection based on sensor displacements, automatic registration over overlapping image regions, and a self-consistency error metric evaluated continuously during calibration. We also present a novel method for validating US calibrations based on measurement of physical phantom displacements within US images. Both calibration and validation can be performed on arbitrary phantoms. Results indicate that normalized mutual information and localized cross correlation produce the most accurate 3D US registrations for calibration. Volumetric image alignment is more accurate and reproducible than point selection for validating the calibrations, yielding <1.5 mm root mean square error, a significant improvement relative to previously reported hand-eye US calibration results. Comparison of two different phantoms for calibration and for validation revealed significant differences for validation (p = 0.003) but not for calibration (p = 0.795).
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Development of Oil-in-Gelatin Phantoms for Viscoelasticity Measurement in Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography.
Ultrasound Med Biol
PUBLISHED: 06-16-2013
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Because tissues consist of solid and fluid materials, their mechanical properties should be characterized in terms of both elasticity and viscosity. Although the elastic properties of tissue-mimicking phantoms have been extensively studied and well characterized in commercially available phantoms, their viscous properties have not been fully investigated. In this article, a set of 14 tissue-mimicking phantoms with different concentrations of gelatin and castor oil were fabricated and characterized in terms of acoustic and viscoelastic properties. The results indicate that adding castor oil to gelatin phantoms decreases shear modulus, but increases shear wave dispersion. For 3% gelatin phantoms containing 0%, 10%, 20% and 40% oil, the measured shear moduli are 2.01 ± 0.26, 1.68 ± 0.25, 1.10 ± 0.22 and 0.88 ± 0.17 kPa, and the Voigt-model coupled shear viscosities are 0.60 ± 0.11, 0.89 ± 0.07, 1.05 ± 0.11 and 1.06 ± 0.13 Pa·s, respectively. The results also confirm that increasing the gelatin concentration increases shear modulus. For phantoms containing 3%, 4%, 5%, 6% and 7% gelatin, the measured shear moduli are 2.01 ± 0.26, 3.10 ± 0.34, 4.18 ± 0.84, 8.05 ± 1.00 and 10.24 ± 1.80 kPa at 0% oil and 1.10 ± 0.22, 1.97 ± 0.20, 3.13 ± 0.63, 4.60 ± 0.60 and 8.43 ± 1.39 kPa at 20% oil, respectively. The phantom recipe developed in this study can be used in validating ultrasound shear wave elastography techniques for soft tissues.
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Real-time 3-D ultrasound scan conversion using a multicore processor.
IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed
PUBLISHED: 01-20-2009
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Real-time 3-D ultrasound scan conversion (SC) in software has not been practical due to its high computation and I/O data handling requirements. In this paper, we describe software-based 3-D SC with high volume rates using a multicore processor, Cell. We have implemented both 3-D SC approaches: 1) the separable 3-D SC where two 2-D coordinate transformations in orthogonal planes are performed in sequence and 2) the direct 3-D SC where the coordinate transformation is directly handled in 3-D. One Cell processor can scan-convert a 192 x 192 x 192 16-bit volume at 87.8 volumes/s with the separable 3-D SC algorithm and 28 volumes/s with the direct 3-D SC algorithm.
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Assessment of liver viscoelasticity by using shear waves induced by ultrasound radiation force.
Radiology
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To investigate the value of viscosity measured with ultrasonographic (US) elastography in liver fibrosis staging and to determine whether the use of a viscoelastic model to estimate liver elasticity can improve its accuracy in fibrosis staging.
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Characterization of carotid plaques on 3-dimensional ultrasound imaging by registration with multicontrast magnetic resonance imaging.
J Ultrasound Med
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The ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in carotid plaque component identification has been well established. However, compared to the costly nature of MRI, 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound imaging is a more cost-effective assessment tool. Thus, an attractive alternative for carotid disease monitoring would be to establish a strategy in which 3D ultrasound imaging is used as a screening tool that precedes MRI. To develop and validate such a protocol, registration between ultrasound and MR images is required. This article introduces a surface-based algorithm for efficient ultrasound imaging-MRI registration.
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Far-wall pseudoenhancement during contrast-enhanced ultrasound of the carotid arteries: clinical description and in vitro reproduction.
Ultrasound Med Biol
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The present study describes the presence of pseudoenhancement during contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging of human carotid arteries and the reproduction of this pseudoenhancement in vitro. Seventy patients underwent bilateral CEUS examination of the carotid arteries using a Philips iU22 ultrasound system equipped with a L9-3 ultrasound probe and SonoVue microbubble contrast. During CEUS of the carotid arteries, we identified enhancement in close proximity to the far wall, parallel to the main lumen. The location of this enhancement does not correlate to the anatomical location of a parallel vessel. To corroborate the hypothesis that this is a pseudoenhancement artifact, the enhancement was recreated in a tissue-mimicking material phantom, using the same ultrasound system, settings and contrast agent as the patient study. The phantom study showed that pseudoenhancement may be present during vascular CEUS and that the degree of pseudoenhancement is influenced by the size and concentration of the microbubbles. During vascular CEUS, identification of the artifact is important to prevent misinterpretation of enhancement in and near the far wall.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.