JoVE Visualize What is visualize?
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Advanced Search
Stop Reading. Start Watching.
Regular Search
Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Comparative study of bacteriological culture and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and multiplex PCR-based reverse line blot (mPCR/RLB) hybridization assay in the diagnosis of bacterial neonatal meningitis.
BMC Pediatr
PUBLISHED: 04-24-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Bacterial meningitis is more common in the neonatal period than any other time in life; however, it is still a challenge for the evidence based diagnosis. Strategy for identification of neonatal bacterial meningitis pathogens is presented by evaluating three different available methods to establish evidence-based diagnosis for neonatal bacterial meningitis.
Related JoVE Video
Species-specific defence responses facilitate conspecifics and inhibit heterospecifics in above-belowground herbivore interactions.
Nat Commun
PUBLISHED: 04-20-2014
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Conspecific and heterospecific aboveground and belowground herbivores often occur together in nature and their interactions may determine community structure. Here we show how aboveground adults and belowground larvae of the tallow tree specialist beetle Bikasha collaris and multiple heterospecific aboveground species interact to determine herbivore performance. Conspecific aboveground adults facilitate belowground larvae, but other aboveground damage inhibits larvae or has no effect. Belowground larvae increase conspecific adult feeding, but decrease heterospecific aboveground insect feeding and abundance. Chemical analyses and experiments with plant populations varying in phenolics show that all these positive and negative effects on insects are closely related to root and shoot tannin concentrations. Our results show that specific plant herbivore responses allow herbivore facilitation and inhibition to co-occur, likely shaping diverse aboveground and belowground communities. Considering species-specific responses of plants is critical for teasing apart inter- and intraspecific interactions in aboveground and belowground compartments.
Related JoVE Video
Facilitation and inhibition: changes in plant nitrogen and secondary metabolites mediate interactions between above-ground and below-ground herbivores.
Proc. Biol. Sci.
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
To date, it remains unclear how herbivore-induced changes in plant primary and secondary metabolites impact above-ground and below-ground herbivore interactions. Here, we report effects of above-ground (adult) and below-ground (larval) feeding by Bikasha collaris on nitrogen and secondary chemicals in shoots and roots of Triadica sebifera to explain reciprocal above-ground and below-ground insect interactions. Plants increased root tannins with below-ground herbivory, but above-ground herbivory prevented this increase and larval survival doubled. Above-ground herbivory elevated root nitrogen, probably contributing to increased larval survival. However, plants increased foliar tannins with above-ground herbivory and below-ground herbivory amplified this increase, and adult survival decreased. As either foliar or root tannins increased, foliar flavonoids decreased, suggesting a trade-off between these chemicals. Together, these results show that plant chemicals mediate contrasting effects of conspecific larval and adult insects, whereas insects may take advantage of plant responses to facilitate their offspring performance, which may influence population dynamics.
Related JoVE Video
Ethanol and its metabolites induce histone lysine 9 acetylation and an alteration of the expression of heart development-related genes in cardiac progenitor cells.
Cardiovasc. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 09-03-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Alcohol exposure during pregnancy may cause congenital heart disease (CHD), but the underlying mechanisms are not clear. Recent evidence suggests that ethanol and its metabolites can selectively increase histone H3 acetylation at lysine 9 (H3AcK9) residue in rat hepatocytes. This may be a mechanism by which ethanol alters gene expression. The goal of current study is to investigate the effect of ethanol and its metabolites on H3AcK9 acetylation and the mRNA expression of heart development-related genes (GATA4, Mef2c, and Tbx5) in cardiac progenitor cells. We used mitochondrial activity (MTT) assay to assess the viability of cardiac progenitor cells. Western blotting and real-time PCR were employed to determine H3AcK9 acetylation and gene expression. Low levels of ethanol (50 mM), acetaldehyde (4 mM), and acetate (4 mM) had no effect on cell proliferation. However, high concentrations of ethanol (200 mM), acetaldehyde (12 mM), and acetate (16 mM) reduced cell viability by 30%, respectively (P < 0.05). Low levels of ethanol and acetate increased the acetylation of H3 lysine 9 by 2.4- and 2.2-fold, respectively (P < 0.05), but did not significantly change the expression of the heart development-related genes. High concentrations of ethanol and acetate increased H3 lysine 9 acetylation by 5.3- and 5.6-fold, respectively (P < 0.05). Moreover, high levels of ethanol and acetate significantly augmented the expression of GATA4 and Mef2c. Conversely, acetaldehyde (4 or 12 mM) had little effect on H3 lysine 9 acetylation or the expression of the heart development-related genes. Our studies demonstrate that high levels of ethanol or its metabolites induce H3AcK9 acetylation and impair cardiac progenitor cells. The altered histone H3 acetylation at lysine 9 has an important impact on the expression of the heart development-related genes, which may be one of the mechanisms underlying the alcohol-induced CHD.
Related JoVE Video
Inhibition of p300-HAT results in a reduced histone acetylation and down-regulation of gene expression in cardiac myocytes.
Life Sci.
PUBLISHED: 05-11-2010
Show Abstract
Hide Abstract
Histone acetylation plays an important role in cardiogenesis, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between histone hypo-acetylation and the expression of cardiac-specific genes to explore the underlying mechanisms.
Related JoVE Video

What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.