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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A self-assembling nanomaterial reduces acute brain injury and enhances functional recovery in a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage.
Nanomedicine
PUBLISHED: 05-15-2014
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There is no effective treatment for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Intracerebral delivery of nanomaterials into the hemorrhagic lesion may be a new therapeutic strategy. In a rat model of ICH plus ultra-early hematoma aspiration, we found that locally delivered self-assembling peptide nanofiber scaffold (SAPNS) replaced the hematoma, reduced acute brain injury and brain cavity formation, and improved sensorimotor functional recovery. SAPNS serves as biocompatible material in the hemorrhagic brain cavity. Local delivery of this nanomaterial may facilitate the repair of ICH related brain injury and functional recovery.
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Fabrication of a visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst of AgVO?@AgBr@Ag nanobelt heterostructures.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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In this article, AgVO3@AgBr@Ag nanobelt heterostructures were fabricated as an efficient visible-light photocatalyst through a hydrothermal process, an anion-exchange reaction, and a light-induced reduction. SEM and TEM characterization revealed that anion exchange followed by light-induced reduction is an efficient method to synthesize well-dispersed AgBr@Ag nanoparticles on the surface of AgVO3 nanobelts. The composite photocatalyst efficiently combines visible-light active AgBr and AgVO3 with the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect of Ag nanoparticles. The obtained catalyst displayed a high performance for removing organic dye in the range of visible light. This improved visible-light response likely originates from a synergistic effect of the different components. This work provides a versatile approach for accessing efficient, stable, and recyclable visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalysts.
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Energy-based wavelet de-noising of hydrologic time series.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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De-noising is a substantial issue in hydrologic time series analysis, but it is a difficult task due to the defect of methods. In this paper an energy-based wavelet de-noising method was proposed. It is to remove noise by comparing energy distribution of series with the background energy distribution, which is established from Monte-Carlo test. Differing from wavelet threshold de-noising (WTD) method with the basis of wavelet coefficient thresholding, the proposed method is based on energy distribution of series. It can distinguish noise from deterministic components in series, and uncertainty of de-noising result can be quantitatively estimated using proper confidence interval, but WTD method cannot do this. Analysis of both synthetic and observed series verified the comparable power of the proposed method and WTD, but de-noising process by the former is more easily operable. The results also indicate the influences of three key factors (wavelet choice, decomposition level choice and noise content) on wavelet de-noising. Wavelet should be carefully chosen when using the proposed method. The suitable decomposition level for wavelet de-noising should correspond to series' deterministic sub-signal which has the smallest temporal scale. If too much noise is included in a series, accurate de-noising result cannot be obtained by the proposed method or WTD, but the series would show pure random but not autocorrelation characters, so de-noising is no longer needed.
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DPMA, a deoxypodophyllotoxin derivative, induces apoptosis and anti-angiogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells.
Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 08-11-2013
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We found that the deoxypodophyllotoxin derivative, 2,6-dimethoxy-4-(6-oxo-(5R,5aR,6,8,8aR,9-hexahydrofuro[3,4:6,7]naphtho[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)phenyl ((R)-1-amino-4-(methylthio)-1-oxobutan-2-yl)carbamate (DPMA), exhibited superior cytotoxicity compared with etoposide. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of DPMA. DPMA exhibited anti-proliferative activity and induced apoptosis in A549 cells in a dose- and time-dependant manner. DPMA inhibited microtubule formation and induced expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, p53 and ROS, and inhibited Bcl-2 expression. DPMA also affected cyclinB1, cdc2 and p-cdc2 expression, inducing cell cycle arrest. DPMA also inhibited tube formation of VEGF-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells. These studies demonstrate that DPMA inhibits p53/cdc2/Bax signaling, thereby inhibiting cell growth/angiogenesis and inducing apoptosis.
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Synthesis and evaluation of the cell cycle arrest and CT DNA interaction properties of 4?-amino-4-O-demethyl-4-deoxypodophyllotoxins.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 08-09-2013
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A series of 4?-amino-4-O-demethyl-4-deoxypodophyllotoxin derivatives were synthesized, and their cytotoxicities against several human cancer cell lines, including HepG2, A549, HeLa and HCT-8 cells, evaluated. Some of these compounds exhibited higher levels of cytotoxicity than the anticancer drug etoposide. 4?-N-(4-Nitrophenyl piperazinyl)-4-O-demethyl-4-deoxypodophyllotoxin (11) was found to be the most potent synthesized compound in the current study, and induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase in HeLa cells, which was accompanied by apoptosis. Furthermore, this compound activated the expression of cdc2, cyclin B1, p53 and caspase-3 in HeLa cells, leading to changes in the conformation of calf thymus DNA from the B-form to a more compact C-form.
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[ABCC8, KCNJ11 and GLUD1 gene mutation analysis in congenital hyperinsulinism pedigree].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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To explore the ABCC8, KCNJ11, and GLUD1 gene mutations of the 11 patients diagnosed as congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI).
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Synthesis and evaluation of the apoptosis inducing and CT DNA interaction properties of a series of 4?-carbamoyl 4-O-demethylepipodophyllotoxins.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 07-26-2013
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A series of carbamate derivatives of 4-demethylepipodophyllotoxin have been synthesized, and their cytotoxicities against several human cancer cell lines, including HeLa, A549, HCT-8, and HL-60 cells, evaluated. Some of these compounds exhibited higher levels of cytotoxicity than the anticancer drug etoposide. 4?-4-Demethylepipodophyllotoxin 1-(4-nitrophenyl) piperazinyl carbamate (19) was found to be the most potent compound of those synthesized in the current study, and induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase in HeLa cells, which was accompanied by apoptosis. Furthermore, this compound activated the expression of Bax, p53 and caspase-3 in HeLa cells, leading to changes in the conformation of calf thymus DNA from the B-form to a more compact C-form.
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Rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage permitting hematoma aspiration plus intralesional injection.
Exp. Anim.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2013
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A combination of hematoma aspiration and local delivery of chemicals may be more effective than either therapy in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aim of the present study was to develop a rat model of hematoma aspiration plus intralesional injection after ICH. ICH was induced in adult Sprague-Dawley rats by an intrastriatal injection of bacterial collagenase IV. Hematoma aspiration was performed 3.5 h after ICH onset. Following aspiration, normal saline was injected into the lesion cavity. Hematoma aspiration with or without subsequent saline injection significantly reduced the hematoma volume, lesion volume, and perihematomal neutrophil infiltration. Hematoma aspiration plus subsequent intralesional injection is simple, feasible, and safe. This ICH model can be used to assess the effectiveness of hematoma removal plus local delivery of chemicals.
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Synthesis and cytotoxic activity on human cancer cells of carbamate derivatives of 4?-(1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)podophyllotoxin.
Eur J Med Chem
PUBLISHED: 01-29-2013
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Carbamate derivatives of 4?-(1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)podophyllotoxin were synthesized by means of click chemistry, and their cytotoxicities against human cancer cell lines HL-60, A-549, HeLa, and HCT-8 were evaluated. Some compounds were more potent than the anticancer drug etoposide. 4-O-Demethyl-4?-[(4-hydroxymethyl)-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl]-4-deoxypodophyllotoxin cyclopentyl carbamate, the most potent compound, induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase accompanied by apoptosis in A-549 cells. Furthermore, this compound inhibited the formation of microtubules in A-549 cells and caused the inhibition of DNA topoisomerase-II.
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Elevated blood pressure aggravates intracerebral hemorrhage-induced brain injury.
J. Neurotrauma
PUBLISHED: 10-11-2011
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Elevated blood pressure (BP) is commonly seen in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and is independently associated with poor functional outcomes. Little is known about how elevated BP influences ICH-related brain injury. In the present study, we investigated the physiological and brain histological changes, as well as functional recovery following ICH in renovascular hypertensive rats. Renovascular hypertension (RVHT) was achieved by applying a silver clip onto the left renal artery of adult Sprague-Dawley rats. ICH was induced by an intrastriatal injection of bacterial collagenase IV about 5-6 weeks after left renal artery clipping or the sham operation. Following induction of ICH, both the normotensive and RVHT rats demonstrated an ultra-acute elevation in BP. Elevated BP increased hematoma volume, brain swelling, and apoptosis in the perihematomal areas. Brain degeneration, including local atrophy and lateral ventricle enlargement, was greater in the RVHT rats. In addition, many proliferating cells were seen over the ipsilateral striatum in the RVHT rats after ICH. The modified limb placing tests were done weekly for 3 weeks. In line with the histological damage, elevated BP worsened neurological deficits. These results suggest that ICH in the hypertensive rats mimics the clinical scenario of hypertensive ICH and may provide a platform to study the mechanisms of ICH-induced brain injury and potential therapies for ICH.
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Luciferase and fluorescent protein as dual reporters analyzing the effect of n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide on the physiology of Pseudomonas putida.
Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.
PUBLISHED: 06-06-2011
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With the growing interest in using surfactants to improve microbial cell performance for whole-cell biocatalysis and bioremediation, understanding the interactions between surfactants and bacteria is of great importance. By using cyanine fluorescent protein (CFP) and bacterial luciferase (LUX) as dual bioreporters, the effects of n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) on the whole cells and intracellular proteins in Pseudomonas putida cultures were quantitatively and systematically studied. The dual reporter system was shown to be a useful indicator to assess the effect of DTAB treatment on whole-cell metabolic activity, membrane permeability, and cellular enzyme activity. CFP was useful to assess the leakage of intracellular enzymes and the lysis of cells and was able to reflect the activities of most cellular enzymes, while LUX reflected the permeability of cell membranes and cellular metabolic activity. The validity of CFP-LUX dual bioreporters was further confirmed by detecting changes in extracellular proteins, membrane potential, oxygen consumption rate (OUR), and intracellular catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C23O) activity with the addition of DTAB. The dual LUX-CFP bioreporter is a useful tool for analyzing the surfactant-bacterium interactions for biotechnological applications.
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[Mutation analysis of the GLUD1 gene in patients with glutamate dehydrogenase congenital hyperinsulinism].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2010
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To investigate the glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GLUD1) gene mutation of three patients diagnosed as glutamate dehydrogenase congenital hyperinsulinism (GDH-HI).
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[Studies about the level of CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells and relation between expression of Foxp3 and CD127 in peripheral blood of chronic HBV infection].
Zhonghua Shi Yan He Lin Chuang Bing Du Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 09-21-2010
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To investigate the level of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ regulatory T cells and observe relation between expression of Foxp3 and CD127 in peripheral blood of chronic HBV infection.
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Fabrication and growth mechanism of three-dimensional spherical TiO(2) architectures consisting of TiO(2) nanorods with {110} exposed facets.
Nanoscale
PUBLISHED: 08-03-2010
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In this paper, we report on the fabrication of a novel rutile TiO(2) architecture consisting of nanorods with {110} exposed facets through a simple hydrothermal method without using any templates. An outside-in ripening mechanism is proposed to account for the formation of the TiO(2) architectures.The formation of the TiO(2) architectures can be attributed to the Ostwald step rule and highly acidic medium. Significantly, the current method is suitable for high-yield (>98%) production of the TiO(2) architectures with nearly 100% morphological yield. This research provides a facile route to fabricate rutile TiO(2) with three-dimensional microstructures based on nano units. It is easy to realize their industrial-scale synthesis and application because of the simple synthesis method, low cost, and high yield.
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Enzymatic synthesis of chitosan-gelatin antimicrobial copolymer and its characterisation.
J. Sci. Food Agric.
PUBLISHED: 04-01-2010
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Schiff bases can be formed by reaction between acylamino and the amino group with microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) as catalyst and used in protein crosslinking in the food industry. A novel chitosan-gelatin copolymer for coating meat products can be synthesised using MTGase as catalyst, with the characteristics of both chitosan and gelatin. The aim of the present study was to synthesise and characterise chitosan-gelatin antimicrobial copolymer.
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Analysis of the mechanism of sludge ozonation by a combination of biological and chemical approaches.
Water Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-26-2009
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Using the practical sludge obtained from municipal sewage treatment plants, the mechanism of the sludge ozonation process was systematically investigated by a combination of biological and chemical approaches, including analysis of the changes in biological response by CFU and PCR-DGGE, bio-macromolecular activity and radical scavenging activity. The results indicated that after the sludge was exposed to ozone at less than 0.02 g O(3)/g TSS, the DGGE fingerprint remained constant and there was still some enzyme activity, indicating that the sludge solubilization was the main process. At greater than 0.02 g O(3)/g TSS, the bacteria began to be broken down and ozone was used to oxidize the bio-macromolecules such as proteins and DNA released from the sludge. Bacteria belonging to G-Bacteria were able to conserve their DNA in the presence of less than 0.08 g O(3)/g TSS. At levels higher than 0.10 g O(3)/g TSS, the disintegration of the sludge matrix became slow and the microbes lost most of their activity, and ozone was used to transform the bio-macromolecules into small molecules. However, at levels higher than 0.14 g O(3)/g TSS, the ozone failed to oxidize the sludge efficiently, because several radical scavengers such as lactic acid and SO(4)(2-) were released from the microbial cells in the sludge.
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A general and high-yield galvanic displacement approach to Au-M (M = Au, Pd, and Pt) core-shell nanostructures with porous shells and enhanced electrocatalytic performances.
Chemistry
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In this work, we utilize the galvanic displacement synthesis and make it a general and efficient method for the preparation of Au-M (M = Au, Pd, and Pt) core-shell nanostructures with porous shells, which consist of multilayer nanoparticles. The method is generally applicable to the preparation of Au-Au, Au-Pd, and Au-Pt core-shell nanostructures with typical porous shells. Moreover, the Au-Au isomeric core-shell nanostructure is reported for the first time. The lower oxidation states of Au(I), Pd(II), and Pt(II) are supposed to contribute to the formation of porous core-shell nanostructures instead of yolk-shell nanostructures. The electrocatalytic ethanol oxidation and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) performance of porous Au-Pd core-shell nanostructures are assessed as a typical example for the investigation of the advantages of the obtained core-shell nanostructures. As expected, the Au-Pd core-shell nanostructure indeed exhibits a significantly reduced overpotential (the peak potential is shifted in the positive direction by 44?mV and 32?mV), a much improved CO tolerance (I(f)/I(b) is 3.6 and 1.63 times higher), and an enhanced catalytic stability in comparison with Pd nanoparticles and Pt/C catalysts. Thus, porous Au-M (M = Au, Pd, and Pt) core-shell nanostructures may provide many opportunities in the fields of organic catalysis, direct alcohol fuel cells, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, and so forth.
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Polysaccharides from wolfberry prevents corticosterone-induced inhibition of sexual behavior and increases neurogenesis.
PLoS ONE
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Lycium barbarum, commonly known as wolfberry, has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of infertility and sexual dysfunction. However, there is still a scarcity of experimental evidence to support the pro-sexual effect of wolfberry. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) on male sexual behavior of rats. Here we report that oral feeding of LBP for 21 days significantly improved the male copulatory performance including increase of copulatory efficiency, increase of ejaculation frequency and shortening of ejaculation latency. Furthermore, sexual inhibition caused by chronic corticosterone was prevented by LBP. Simultaneously, corticosterone suppressed neurogenesis in subventricular zone and hippocampus in adult rats, which could be reversed by LBP. The neurogenic effect of LBP was also shown in vitro. Significant correlation was found between neurogenesis and sexual performance, suggesting that the newborn neurons are associated with reproductive successfulness. Blocking neurogenesis in male rats abolished the pro-sexual effect of LBP. Taken together, these results demonstrate the pro-sexual effect of LBP on normal and sexually-inhibited rats, and LBP may modulate sexual behavior by regulating neurogenesis.
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Au-Pd alloy and core-shell nanostructures: one-pot coreduction preparation, formation mechanism, and electrochemical properties.
Langmuir
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It is a known fact that Pd-based bimetallic nanostructures possess unique properties and excellent catalytic performance. In this work, the Au-Pd alloy and core-shell nanostructures have been prepared by a simple one-pot hydrothermal coreduction route, and their formation process and mechanism are discussed in detail. A reducing capacity-induced controlled reducing mechanism is proposed for the formation process of Au-Pd bimetallic nanostructures. CTAB plays a key role in the formation of alloy Au-Pd nanostructures. When CTAB is absent, the products are typical core-shell nanostructures. Moreover, the as-prepared nanostructures exhibit excellent electrocatalytic ORR performance in alkaline media, especially for Au-Pd alloy nanostructures. The overpotential of oxygen reduction gets reduced significantly, and the peak potential is positive-shifted by 44 and 34 mV in comparison with the core-shell ones and Pd/C catalyst, respectively. Thus, the controllable preparation and excellent electrocatalytic properties will make them become a potentially cheaper Pd-based cathodic electrocatalyst for DAFCs in alkaline media.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.