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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Prognostic impact of perineural, blood and lymph vessel invasion for esophageal cancer.
Histol. Histopathol.
PUBLISHED: 05-12-2014
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With a median survival of ?22 months esophageal cancer is one of the most aggressive tumors, up to 20% of node negative patients develop systemic relapse. Studies investigating the prognostic impact of tumor-micro-invasion in blood (AI) and lymphatic vessels (LVI) as well as perineural invasion (PNI) have shown inconsistent results. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of the aforementioned factors in a large homogenously treated cohort of patients with esophageal cancer.
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Highly efficient delivery of siRNA to a heart transplant model by a novel cell penetrating peptide-dsRNA binding domain.
Int J Pharm
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2014
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Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) delivery remains a bottleneck for RNA interference (RNAi) - based therapies in the clinic. In the present study, a fusion protein with two cell-penetrating peptides (CPP), Hph1-Hph1, and a double-stranded RNA binding domain (dsRBD), was constructed for the siRNA delivery: dsRBD was designed to bind siRNA, and CPP would subsequently transport the dsRBD/siRNA complex into cells. We assessed the efficiency of the fusion protein, Hph1-Hph1-dsRBD, as a siRNA carrier. Calcium-condensed effects were assessed on GAPDH and green fluorescent protein (GFP) genes by western blot, real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and flow cytometry analysis in vitro. Evaluations were also made in an in vivo heart transplantation model. The results demonstrated that the fusion protein, Hph1-Hph1-dsRBD, is highly efficient at delivering siRNA in vitro, and exhibits efficiency on GAPDH and GFP genes similar to or greater than lipofectamine. Interestingly, the calcium-condensed effects dramatically enhanced cellular uptake of the protein-siRNA complex. In vivo, Hph1-Hph1-dsRBD transferred and distributed ^ targeted siRNA throughout the whole mouse heart graft. Together, these results indicate that Hph1-Hph1-dsRBD has potential as an siRNA carrier for applications in the clinic or in biomedical research.
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C-X-C motif receptor 2, endostatin and proteinase-activated receptor 1 polymorphisms as prognostic factors in NSCLC.
Lung Cancer
PUBLISHED: 01-10-2013
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The progress of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is dependent on sufficient angiogenesis. Thrombin induced activation of proteinase-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1) on platelets leads to platelet secretion and aggregation. This influences cell survival, apoptosis and angiogenesis by the release of VEGF and Endostatin (ES), a potent angiogenesis inhibitor. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) induces tumor angiogenesis independent of the VEGF pathway through the chemokine C-X-C motif receptor 2 (CXCR-2). Our purpose was to evaluate germline polymorphisms of these potential therapy targets as prognostic markers for disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in surgically treated NSCLC patients. In total 209 Caucasian patients, treated between 1996 and 2011, were included in this study. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leucocytes. Genotyping of CXCR-2 +1208 C > T and +785 C > T, PAR-1 -506 Ins/del and -14 Ivs A > T and ES +4349 G > A was performed by TaqMan(®) genotyping assays or by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by capillary electrophoresis. Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier estimator and cox regression hazard model were used to assess the prognostic value of selected polymorphisms. The PAR-1 -14 Ivs A/A genotype was associated with advanced tumor stages (p = 0.024) and, in univariate analysis, with shorter median OS in squamous cell lung carcinoma (SqCC, p = 0.035). The CXCR-2 + 1208T/T genotype was associated with aggressive tumor biology (p = 0.038), and shorter DFS and OS (p = 0.018, p = 0.021) in NSCLC and especially in SqCC a negative predictor for DFS and OS (p = 0.045, p = 0.041). Genotyping of the CXCR-2 +1208 C >T polymorphism could be a useful tool to identify high-risk SqCC subgroups.
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The GNAS1 T393C single nucleotide polymorphism predicts the natural postoperative course of complete resected esophageal cancer.
Cell Oncol (Dordr)
PUBLISHED: 02-06-2011
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Genetic variations in cancer patients may serve as important prognostic indicators of clinical outcome. The GNAS1 T393C single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) diversely correlates with the clinical outcome in cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential prognostic value of T393C-SNP in complete resected only surgically treated esophageal cancer (EC).
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LigaSure™ vs. conventional dissection techniques in pancreatic surgery--a prospective randomised single-centre trial.
J. Gastrointest. Surg.
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Surgical procedures in pancreatic surgery are well established, but still involve time-consuming manual dissection. We compared the use of LigaSure with conventional dissection techniques in pancreatic surgery in a prospective randomised single-centre trial (registration number: NCT00850291).
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The T393C polymorphism of GNAS1 is a predictor for relapse and survival in resectable non-small cell lung cancer.
Lung Cancer
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The GNAS1 T393C single nucleotide polymorphism (T393C-SNP) correlates with G?s mRNA stability and protein expression and augmented apoptosis. Genetic germ line variations as stable and reproducible markers potentially serve as prognostic marker in oncology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential prognostic value of T393C-SNP in complete resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.