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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
A novel therapeutic use of HFA-BDP metereddose inhaler for asthmatic patients with rhinosinusitis: Case series.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther
PUBLISHED: 09-29-2014
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Most asthmatics have been found to have rhinosinusitis (RS). Patients with ethmoid sinusitis, in particular, often suffer from an impaired sense of smell; this is clinically important and necessitates concurrent treatment for both asthma and RS. As a rational therapeutic strategy, we focused on a fine particle HFA-134abeclomethasone dipropionate (HFA-BDP) metered-dose inhaler. Because of its small size, the medication is still present in the exhaled breath after inhalation.
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Expression and functional roles of G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in human eosinophils.
Immunol. Lett.
PUBLISHED: 03-09-2014
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Sexual dimorphism in asthma links the estrogen and allergic immune responses. The function of estrogen was classically believed to be mediated through its nuclear receptors, i.e., estrogen receptors (ERs). However, recent studies established the important roles of G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER/GPR30) as a novel membrane receptor for estrogen. To date, the role of GPER in allergic inflammation is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to examine whether GPER might affect the functions of eosinophils, which play an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Here, we demonstrated that GPER was expressed in purified human peripheral blood eosinophils both at the mRNA and protein levels. Although GPER agonist G-1 did not induce eosinophil chemotaxis or chemokinesis, preincubation with G-1 enhanced eotaxin (CCL11)-directed eosinophil chemotaxis. G-1 inhibited eosinophil spontaneous apoptosis and caspase-3 activities. The anti-apoptotic effect was not affected by the cAMP-phospodiesterase inhibitor rolipram or phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors. In contrast to resting eosinophils, G-1 induced apoptosis and increased caspase-3 activities when eosinophils were co-stimulated with IL-5. No effect of G-1 was observed on eosinophil degranulation in terms of release of eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN). The current study indicates the functional capacities of GPER on human eosinophils and also provides the previously unrecognized mechanisms of interaction between estrogen and allergic inflammation.
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The effect of pharmacological PI3K? inhibitor on eotaxin-induced human eosinophil functions.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation caused by activation of immune cells including Th2 lymphocytes and eosinophils. Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) ? deficient asthmatic mice did not develop lung eosinophilia, although the detailed mechanisms are not well known. A CC chemokine eotaxin (CCL11) plays a prominent role in developing eosinophilic inflammation through CCR3. In this study, we tested the roles of PI3K? in eotaxin-induced eosinophil functions using a pharmacological inhibitor.
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Adiponectin attenuates human eosinophil adhesion and chemotaxis: implications in allergic inflammation.
J Asthma
PUBLISHED: 07-17-2013
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Growing evidence has shown an association between obesity and asthma. Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived cytokine, is known to have anti-inflammatory effects with reduced concentrations in obese subjects. Recent findings raised the intriguing possibility that adiponectin might play a role in allergic inflammation, although the mechanistic basis for their relationship remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adiponectin might affect functions of eosinophils, which play an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma.
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A case of pulmonary hamartoma showing rapid growth.
Case Rep Med
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2013
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A 65-year-old man was admitted for detailed examination of a growing nodular shadow in the left lung. The nodular shadow was initially detected in a routine chest X-ray check-up in March 2012 that warranted regular chest X-ray follow-up. The nodular shadow increased in size from 12 × 15?mm to 15 × 20?mm within five months. The calculated tumor doubling time (TDT) in our case was approximately 132.2 days. A malignant tumor was strongly suspected based on the rapid growth, and tumorectomy was thus performed. Cartilaginous tissue accounted for most of the pathological specimen, but a small amount of an epithelial component was observed histologically, and we diagnosed a hamartoma. Hamartoma generally shows slow annual growth, but it is important to recognize that rapid enlargement occurs in some cases.
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Direct electrochemistry and intramolecular electron transfer of ascorbate oxidase confined on l-cysteine self-assembled gold electrode.
Bioelectrochemistry
PUBLISHED: 04-23-2013
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A direct electrochemistry and intramolecular electron transfer of multicopper oxidases are of a great importance for the fabrication of these enzyme-based bioelectrochemical-devices. Ascorbate oxidase from Acremonium sp. (ASOM) has been successfully immobilized via a chemisorptive interaction on the l-cysteine self-assembled monolayer modified gold electrode (cys-SAM/AuE). Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of ASOM on the cys-SAM/AuE were studied using cyclic voltammetry. A well-defined redox wave centered at 166±3mV (vs. Ag?AgCl?KCl(sat.)) was observed in 5.0mM phosphate buffer solution (pH7.0) at the fabricated ASOM electrode, abbreviated as ASOM/cys-SAM/AuE, confirming a direct electrochemistry, i.e., a direct electron transfer (DET) between ASOM and cys-SAM/AuE. The direct electrochemistry of ASOM was further confirmed by taking into account the chemical oxidation of ascorbic acid (AA) by O2 via an intramolecular electron transfer in the ASOM as well as the electrocatalytic oxidation of AA at the ASOM/cys-SAM/AuE. Thermodynamics and kinetics of the adsorption of ASOM on the cys-SAM/AuE have been elaborated along with its direct electron transfer at the modified electrodes on the basis of its intramolecular electron transfer and electrocatalytic activity towards ascorbic acid oxidation and O2 reduction. ASOM saturated surface area was obtained as 2.41×10(-11)molcm(-2) with the apparent adsorption coefficient of 1.63×10(6)Lmol(-1). The ASOM confined on the cys-SAM/AuE possesses its essential enzymatic function.
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Gender difference in allergic airway remodelling and immunoglobulin production in mouse model of asthma.
Respirology
PUBLISHED: 03-16-2013
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Epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of adult asthma and severe asthma is higher in women. It has also been reported that female mice are more susceptible than males to the development of allergic airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). The influence of gender difference in the pathogenesis of severe asthma, especially airway remodelling in an animal model, has been studied rarely. We investigated gender difference in the development of airway remodelling using a long-term antigen-challenged mouse asthma model.
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Lung metastasis from perineal leiomyosarcoma: a case report and a review of the Japanese literature.
Case Rep Med
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2013
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Pulmonary metastasis from leiomyosarcoma is rare and its clinical management is challenging. A single lung metastasis from a perineal leiomyosarcoma occurred in a 79-year-old woman. Five months after resection of the lung metastasis, a new metastatic tumor developed in the contralateral lung. Since the patient did not desire to receive hospitalized treatment, TS-1 (an oral agent consisting of a combination of tegafur, gimeracil, and oteracil potassium) therapy was started on an outpatient basis. The lung metastasis has been successfully controlled for at least 17 months with excellent tolerability. The clinical features and the treatment of this case are discussed.
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A novel macrolide solithromycin exerts superior anti-inflammatory effect via NF-?B inhibition.
J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
PUBLISHED: 01-28-2013
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Macrolides are reported to reduce exacerbation of chronic inflammatory respiratory disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and also show anti-inflammatory effects in vitro and in vivo. However the anti-inflammatory efficacies of current macrolides are relatively weak. Here we found that a novel macrolide/fluoroketolide solithromycin (CEM-101) showed superior anti-inflammatory effects to macrolides in current clinical use. The effects of solithromycin (SOL) on lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF? (tumor necrosis factor ?) and/or CXCL8 (C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 8; interleukin-8) release, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced MMP9 (matrix metalloproteinase 9) activity and NF-?B (nuclear factor-?B) activity under conditions of oxidative stress have been evaluated and compared with the effects of erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, and telithromycin in macrophage-like PMA-differentiated U937 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from COPD patients. We also examined effect of SOL on cigarette smoke-induced airway inflammation in mice. SOL exerted superior inhibitory effects on TNF?/CXCL8 production and MMP9 activity in monocytic U937 cells. In addition, SOL suppressed TNF? release and MMP9 activity in PBMC from COPD patients at 10 µM, which is 10 times more potent than the other macrolides tested. Activated NF-?B by oxidative stress was completely reversed by SOL. SOL also inhibited cigarette smoke-induced neutrophilia and pro-MMP9 production in vivo, although erythromycin did not inhibit them. Thus, SOL showed better anti-inflammatory profiles compared with macrolides currently used in the clinic and may be a promising anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial macrolide for the treatment of COPD in future.
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Treatment effects of quad-helix on the eruption pattern of maxillary second molars.
Angle Orthod
PUBLISHED: 12-08-2011
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To evaluate the effects of quad-helix treatment on the eruption pattern of maxillary second molars in patients with maxillary incisor crowding.
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p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-? inhibition by long-acting ?2 adrenergic agonists reversed steroid insensitivity in severe asthma.
Mol. Pharmacol.
PUBLISHED: 09-14-2011
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Corticosteroid insensitivity (CI) is a major barrier to treating severe asthma. Despite intensive research, the molecular mechanism of CI remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine abnormality in corticosteroid action in severe asthma and to identify the molecular mechanism of the long-acting ?(2)-adrenergic agonists (LABAs) formoterol and salmeterol on restoration of corticosteroid sensitivity in severe asthma in vitro. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from 16 subjects with severe corticosteroid-insensitive asthma, 6 subjects with mild corticosteroid-sensitive asthma, and 11 healthy volunteers. Corticosteroid (dexamethasone) sensitivity was determined on tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?)-induced interleukin (IL)-8 production. Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) phosphorylation and kinase phosphorylation were evaluated by immunoprecipitation-Western blotting analysis and kinase phosphorylation array in IL-2/IL-4-treated corticosteroid insensitive model in PBMCs. In vitro corticosteroid sensitivity on TNF-?-induced IL-8 production was significantly lower in patients with severe asthma than in healthy volunteers and patients with mild asthma. This CI seen in severe asthma was associated with reduced GR nuclear translocation and with hyperphosphorylation of GR, which were reversed by LABAs. In IL-2/IL-4-treated PBMCs, LABAs inhibited phosphorylation of Jun-NH(2)-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-? (p38MAPK-?) as well as GR. In addition, cells with p38MAPK-? knockdown by RNA interference did not develop CI in the presence of IL-2/IL-4. Furthermore, p38MAPK-? protein expression was up-regulated in PBMCs from some patients with severe asthma. In conclusion, p38 MAPK-? activation impairs corticosteroid action and p38 MAPK-? inhibition by LABAs has potential for the treatment of severe asthma.
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Defects of protein phosphatase 2A causes corticosteroid insensitivity in severe asthma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 08-22-2011
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Corticosteroid insensitivity is a major barrier of treatment for some chronic inflammatory diseases, such as severe asthma, but the molecular mechanism of the insensitivity has not been fully elucidated. The object of this study is to investigate the role of protein phosphate 2A (PP2A), a serine/threonine phosphatase, on corticosteroid sensitivity in severe asthma.
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Short-term treatment effects of quad-helix on maxillomandibular expansion in patients with maxillary incisor crowding.
Odontology
PUBLISHED: 01-26-2011
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the maxillary arch expansion on maxillomandibular arch widths in patients treated with the quad-helix versus untreated controls. The treatment group consisted of 50 consecutive patients treated for maxillary incisor crowding with a quad-helix appliance in the early mixed dentition. Lateral cephalograms and dental casts taken at the start (T0) and end (T1) of the quad-helix treatment were obtained. The control group consisted of 50 untreated patients with the same type of malocclusion. Two consecutive lateral cephalograms and dental casts of each untreated patient were taken at about the same time as T0 and T1. All these study materials were analyzed for comparison between the two groups. The mean ages at T0 and T1 in the two groups were about the same. The maxillary first molars moved and tipped distally in the treatment group and mesially in the control group. The quad-helix treatment actually expanded the mandibular and maxillary arches concurrently. The more the maxillary arch widths were expanded and the less the maxillary first molars were inclined distally, the more the mandibular arch widths were expanded. The quad-helix activation caused lingual tipping and mesiobuccal rotation of the maxillary first molars. The mesiobuccal rotation of the maxillary first molars could turn molar occlusal relationships for the better from Class II to Class I. The quad-helix treatment gives rise to spontaneous expansion of the mandibular arch concurrent with maxillary expansion in the early mixed dentition patients with maxillary incisor crowding.
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Utility of myocardial fractional flow reserve for prediction of restenosis following sirolimus-eluting stent implantation.
Heart Vessels
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2011
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Drug-eluting stents reduce restenosis due to neointimal growth suppression. Considering long-term outcomes, it is both difficult and important to predict drug-eluting stent restenosis. Thus, this study was designed to examine the utility of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) as a predictor of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) restenosis. Thirty-three patients (35 lesions) were enrolled. Upon completion of SES implantation, FFR was obtained under hyperemia. At 8 months of follow-up, coronary angiography revealed that five lesions had restenosis. Percent diameter stenosis (restenosis 68.7 ± 12.8% vs. non-restenosis 68.7 ± 12.4%, p = 0.78) and lesion length (restenosis 15.8 ± 9.4 mm vs. non-restenosis 14.4 ± 9.2 mm, p = 0.60) were similar. At post-intervention, percent diameter stenosis (restenosis 16.4 ± 6.1% vs. non-restenosis 14.0 ± 7.4%, p = 0.48) and minimum stent area (restenosis 6.01 ± 1.08 mm2 vs. non-restenosis 6.27 ± 1.85 mm2, p = 0.92) were also equivalent. However, proximal edge lumen area was smaller (restenosis 4.24 ± 1.40 mm2 vs. non-restenosis 7.73 ± 2.64 mm2, p = 0.004) and FFR was lower in the restenosis group (restenosis 0.81 ± 0.12 vs. non-restenosis 0.92 ± 0.06, p = 0.029). SES patients with restenosis had a lower FFR post stent deployment, suggesting the decreased FFR may be a useful predictor for SES restenosis.
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Chemical inhibitors of viviparous germination in the fruit of watermelon.
Plant Cell Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2010
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It is well known that the seeds of watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum and Nakai] have a high potential to germinate when the fruit has ripened. When removed from the mature fruit, the seeds can germinate under appropriate conditions. However, it is unclear why they cannot germinate in the flesh of the fruit. Here, we show that cis-ABA and its ?-D-glucopyranosyl ester (ABA-?-GE) accumulate in the flesh of the fruit at levels high enough to inhibit seed germination. This result indicates the existence of chemical factors that inhibit viviparous seed germination of watermelon.
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Utility of novel volumetric intravascular ultrasound analysis software for coronary artery disease.
Osaka City Med J
PUBLISHED: 09-04-2009
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Volumetric intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) analysis has contributed significantly to the assessment of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study is to validate the novel IVUS analysis software (NICORAS) compared to the previously validated software (EchoPlaque).
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Cardiac and autonomic nerve function after reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation for hematologic malignancy in patients with pre-transplant cardiac dysfunction.
Ann. Hematol.
PUBLISHED: 01-06-2009
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Recent reports have shown that cardiomyopathy caused by hemochromatosis in severe aplastic anemia is reversible after reduced-intensity allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (RIST). We comprehensively evaluated cardiac and autonomic nerve function to determine whether cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis is attenuated after RIST. In five patients with cardiac dysfunction before transplant, we analyzed the changes in cardiac and autonomic nerve function after transplant, using electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography, radionuclide angiography (RNA), serum markers, and heart rate variability (HRV), before and up to 100 days after transplant. There was no significant improvement in cardiac function in any patient and no significant alteration in ECG, echocardiogram, RNA, or serum markers. However, on time-domain analysis of HRV, the SD of normal-to-normal RR intervals (SDNN) and the coefficient of variation of the RR interval (CVRR) decreased significantly 30 and 60 days after transplant (P = 0.04 and 0.01, respectively). Similarly, on frequency-domain analysis of HRV, low and high frequency power (LF and HF) significantly and temporarily decreased (P = 0.003 and 0.03, respectively). Notably, in one patient who had acute heart failure after transplantation, the values of SDNN, CVRR, r-MSSD, LF, and HF at 30 and 60 days after transplantation were the lowest of all the patients. In conclusion, this study suggests that (a) RIST is well-tolerated in patients with cardiac dysfunction, but we cannot expect improvement in cardiac dysfunction due to causes other than hemochromatosis; and (b) monitoring HRV may be useful in predicting cardiac events after RIST.
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Detailed observation of arterial healing after stent implantation in swine arteries by using optical coherence tomography.
Osaka City Med J
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Histopathological examination is not suitable for sequential in vivo analysis of arterial healing after stenting because it can be performed only after the animals are killed. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) provides higher resolution than intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). The aim of this study was to compare arterial healing images after stenting on the basis of the findings of histopathological examination, IVUS, and OCT.
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A two-colored chewing gum test for assessing masticatory performance: a preliminary study.
Odontology
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This study was conducted to compare subjective and objective assessment methods of a two-colored chewing gum test and to find out whether these methods are capable of discriminating masticatory performances between sexes. 31 adults, 16 males and 15 females participated in this study. Each subject chewed five samples of two-colored chewing gum sticks for 5, 10, 20, 30 and 50 chewing strokes, respectively. The subjective color-mixing and shape indices for the gum bolus (SCMI-B, SSI-B) and the subjective color-mixing index and objective color-mixing ratio for the gum wafer (SCMI-W, OCMR-W) were evaluated by two independent examiners and, on a different day, re-evaluated by one of the examiners. The SCMI-B and SCMI-W assessments had inter- and intra-examiner reliable agreement at 20 or more chewing strokes. The OCMR-W measurement demonstrated high accuracy and low reproducibility between and within the examiners. There were significant gender differences in the distribution of SCMI-W scores (P = 0.044) and in the mean OCMI-W (P = 0.007). The SCMI-B and SCMI-W assessments and the OCMR-W measurement were reliable and valid at the 20 and 30 chewing strokes in this two-colored chewing gum test. The subjective color-mixing index (SCMI-W) and objective color-mixing ratio (OCMR-W) for the chewing gum wafer are capable of discriminating masticatory performance between sexes in this two-colored chewing gum test and that the OCMR-W measurement is discriminating better than the SCMI-W assessment.
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Restoration of corticosteroid sensitivity by p38 mitogen activated protein kinase inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from severe asthma.
PLoS ONE
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Severe asthma accounts for a small number of asthmatics but represents a disproportionate cost to health care systems. The underlying mechanism in severe asthma remains unknown but several mechanisms are likely to be involved because of a very heterogeneous profile. We investigated the effects of a p38MAPK inhibitor in corticosteroid sensitivity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from severe asthmatics and the profile of its responders.
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Obesity and eosinophilic inflammation: does leptin play a role.
Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol.
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It has been pointed out that obesity is a risk factor for, and is involved in the exacerbation of asthma. Mounting evidence about adipose tissue-derived proteins (adipokines) gave rise to the current understanding of obesity as a systemic inflammatory disorder. In this review, we summarized the involvement of leptin, focusing on eosinophil functions. Several studies have indicated that leptin can restrain eosinophil apoptosis, enhance migration, increase adhesion molecules and induce cytokine production. Since leptin also acts on a variety of immune cells related to allergic response, increased leptin in obese individuals potentially explains the mechanism by which obesity leads to an exacerbation of asthma. Further studies targeting adipokines will delineate the association between obesity and eosinophil-associated diseases.
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Increased corticosteroid sensitivity by a long acting ?2 agonist formoterol via ?2 adrenoceptor independent protein phosphatase 2A activation.
Pulm Pharmacol Ther
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Long-acting ?2-adrenoceptor agonists (LABAs) are reported to enhance anti-inflammatory effects of corticosteroids in vitro and in vivo, although the molecular mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. We investigated the role of serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) on regulation of corticosteroid sensitivity via inhibition of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) phosphorylation as the target of formoterol, an LABA. Corticosteroid sensitivity was determined as IC50 to dexamethasone (Dex) on TNF?-induced IL-8 release in a U937 monocytic cell line (Dex-IC50). Phosphorylation levels of GR-Ser226 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were determined by western-blotting. Phosphatase activity of immunopurified PP2A was measured by fluorescence-based assay. Exposure to IL-2/IL-4 for 48 h decreased Dex sensitivity with a concomitant increase of GR phosphorylation at Ser226 with JNK1 activation. Formoterol restored Dex sensitivity by inhibiting phosphorylation of GR-Ser226 and JNK1. PP2A inhibition by okadaic acid, a phosphatase inhibitor, abrogated formoterol-mediated effects. In addition, formoterol enhanced PP2A activity in intact or IL-2/IL-4 treated U937 cells and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. In addition, PP2A activation by formoterol was not antagonized by ICI-118551, and formoterol could activate PP2A directly in cell free system. Taken together, formoterol increases corticosteroid sensitivity via activation of PP2A in receptor independent manner, explaining its benefits as add-on therapy for the treatment of corticosteroid-insensitive diseases, such as severe asthma.
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Passive smoking impairs histone deacetylase-2 in children with severe asthma.
Chest
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Parental smoking is known to worsen asthma symptoms in children and make them refractory to asthma treatment, but the molecular mechanism is unclear. Recently, oxidative stress from tobacco smoke has been reported to impair histone deacetylase-2 (HDAC2) via phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt activation and thus to reduce corticosteroid sensitivity. The aim of this study is to investigate passive smoking dependent molecular abnormalities in alveolar macrophages by comparing passive smoke exposed children and non-passive smoke exposed children with uncontrolled severe asthma.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.