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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Dimethylarginines: endogenous inhibitors of nitric oxide synthesis in children with falciparum malaria.
J. Infect. Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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Nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is impaired in children and adults with severe falciparum malaria (SM). Asymmetric-dimethylarginine (ADMA) limits NO production by inhibiting NO synthase and is increased in adult SM. The role of ADMA in the pathogenesis of childhood SM is unknown.
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Neutrophils with myeloid derived suppressor function deplete arginine and constrain T cell function in septic shock patients.
Crit Care
PUBLISHED: 02-24-2014
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Impaired T cell function in sepsis is associated with poor outcome, but the mechanisms are unclear. In cancer, arginase-expressing myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) deplete arginine, impair T cell receptor CD3 zeta-chain expression and T cell function and are linked to poor clinical outcome, but their role during acute human infectious disease and in particular sepsis remains unknown. Hypoarginemia is prevalent in sepsis. This study aimed to determine whether neutrophils that co-purify with PBMC express arginase, and if arginine depletion constrains T cell CD3 zeta-chain expression and function in human sepsis.
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Human RAD6 Promotes G1-S Transition and Cell Proliferation through Upregulation of Cyclin D1 Expression.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Protein ubiquitinylation regulates protein stability and activity. RAD6, an E2 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, which that has been substantially biochemically characterized, functions in a number of biologically relevant pathways, including cell cycle progression. In this study, we show that RAD6 promotes the G1-S transition and cell proliferation by regulating the expression of cyclin D1 (CCND1) in human cells. Furthermore, our data indicate that RAD6 influences the transcription of CCND1 by increasing monoubiquitinylation of histone H2B and trimethylation of H3K4 in the CCND1 promoter region. Our study presents, for the first time, an evidence for the function of RAD6 in cell cycle progression and cell proliferation in human cells, raising the possibility that RAD6 could be a new target for molecular diagnosis and prognosis in cancer therapeutics.
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Diagnostic yield of the light blue crest sign in gastric intestinal metaplasia: a meta-analysis.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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The diagnostic yield of light blue crest(LBC) sign, which was observed by narrow band imaging with magnification endoscopy(NBI-ME), in detecting gastric intestinal metaplasia(IM) has shown variable results.
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Perifosine treatment in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: results of a phase II clinical trial and in vitro studies.
Leuk. Lymphoma
PUBLISHED: 08-31-2013
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Because of the importance of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), we evaluated in vitro cytotoxicity induced by perifosine, an AKT inhibitor, in CLL lymphocytes and found that the mean 50% effective dose (ED50) was 313 nM. We then performed a phase II trial of perifosine in patients with relapsed/refractory CLL to assess response, outcomes, toxicity and ex vivo correlative measures. After 3 months of treatment, six of eight patients showed stable disease, one achieved a partial response and one had progressive disease. Median event-free survival and overall survival in all patients treated were 3.9 and 9.7 months. Adverse events included hematologic, infectious/fever, pain, gastrointestinal and constitutional toxicities. Unexpectedly, AKT phosphorylation in CLL lymphocytes from treated patients was not correlated with response. Additionally, perifosine did not inhibit AKT phosphorylation in cultured CLL lymphocytes. Perifosine is cytotoxic to CLL cells in vitro, and largely induces stabilized disease in vivo, with an AKT-independent mechanism.
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Synthesis and insecticidal activities of 2,3-dihydroquinazolin-4(1H)-one derivatives targeting calcium channel.
Bioorg. Med. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 05-08-2013
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A series of compounds containing dihydroquinazolinone moiety was designed and synthesized. Amine bridge part was changed in comparison with known anthranilic diamides insecticides. Their insecticidal activities against oriental armyworm (Mythimna separata) indicated that most of the compounds showed moderate to high activities at the tested concentrations. In particular, compounds 5a and 5k showed 80% larvicidal activities against oriental armyworm at the concentration of 5mg/L. The present study also explored the possible effects of target compounds on the high voltage-gated calcium channel and the calcium channels in the endoplasmic reticulum in the central neurons isolated from the third instar larvae of Spodoptera exigua using whole-cell patch clamp and calcium imaging technique. The results showed that compound 5a activated the high voltage-gated calcium channel in the central neurons of S. exigua weakly. The peak currents only increased by 6% of the initial value at the end of the 10-min recording after treated with 0.22?M 5a, while chlorantraniliprole has an opposite effect. The effects of 5a on the intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) in neurons were well investigated. The experimental results indicated that these novel compounds have different mechanism compared with chlorantraniliprole.
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SET oncoprotein overexpression in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a predictor of aggressive disease and a new treatment target.
Blood
PUBLISHED: 08-15-2011
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B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), an incurable leukemia, is characterized by defective apoptosis. We found that the SET oncoprotein, a potent inhibitor of the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) tumor suppressor, is overexpressed in primary CLL cells and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cell line cells. In CLL, increased levels of SET correlated significantly with disease severity (shorter time to treatment and overall survival). We developed SET antagonist peptides that bound SET, increased cellular PP2A activity, decreased Mcl-1 expression, and displayed selective cytotoxicity for CLL and NHL cells in vitro. In addition, shRNA for SET was cytotoxic for NHL cells in vitro. The SET antagonist peptide COG449 inhibited growth of NHL tumor xenografts in mice. These data demonstrate that SET is a new treatment target in B-cell malignancies and that SET antagonists represent novel agents for treatment of CLL and NHL.
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A new sesquiterpenoid from Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
Fitoterapia
PUBLISHED: 05-07-2010
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A new sesquiterpenoid named (-)-alloaromadendrane-4?,10?,13,15-tetrol was isolated from the rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort., together with two known compounds, campest-4-en-3-one and 3-carboxyethyl-phthalide. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical analysis. All the compounds showed mild antimicrobial activity.
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A genomic approach to improve prognosis and predict therapeutic response in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Clin. Cancer Res.
PUBLISHED: 10-27-2009
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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy characterized by a variable clinical course. Several parameters have prognostic capabilities but are associated with altered response to therapy in only a small subset of patients.
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Malaria severity and human nitric oxide synthase type 2 (NOS2) promoter haplotypes.
Hum. Genet.
PUBLISHED: 07-23-2009
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Nitric oxide (NO) mediates host resistance to severe malaria and other infectious diseases. NO production and mononuclear cell expression of the NO producing enzyme-inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS2) have been associated with protection from severe falciparum malaria. The purpose of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes in the NOS2 promoter, to identify associations of these haplotypes with malaria severity and to test the effects of these polymorphisms on promoter activity. We identified 34 SNPs in the proximal 7.3 kb region of the NOS2 promoter and inferred NOS2 promoter haplotypes based on genotyping 24 of these SNPs in a population of Tanzanian children with and without cerebral malaria. We identified 71 haplotypes; 24 of these haplotypes comprised 82% of the alleles. We determined whether NOS2 promoter haplotypes were associated with malaria severity in two groups of subjects from Dar es Salaam (N = 185 and N = 250) and in an inception cohort of children from Muheza-Tanga, Tanzania (N = 883). We did not find consistent associations of NOS2 promoter haplotypes with malaria severity or malarial anemia, although interpretation of these results was potentially limited by the sample size of each group. Furthermore, cytokine-induced NOS2 promoter activity determined using luciferase reporter constructs containing the proximal 7.3 kb region of the NOS2 promoter and the G-954C or C-1173T SNPs did not differ from NOS2 promoter constructs that lacked these polymorphisms. Taken together, these studies suggest that the relationship between NOS2 promoter polymorphisms and malaria severity is more complex than previously described.
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Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase by cobalamins and cobinamides.
Free Radic. Biol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2009
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Cobalamins are important cofactors for methionine synthase and methylmalonyl-CoA mutase. Certain corrins also bind nitric oxide (NO), quenching its bioactivity. To determine if corrins would inhibit NO synthase (NOS), we measured their effects on -L-[(14)C]arginine-to-L-[(14)C]citrulline conversion by NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. Hydroxocobalamin (OH-Cbl), cobinamide, and dicyanocobinamide (CN(2)-Cbi) potently inhibited all isoforms, whereas cyanocobalamin, methylcobalamin, and adenosylcobalamin had much less effect. OH-Cbl and CN(2)-Cbi prevented binding of the oxygen analog carbon monoxide (CO) to the reduced NOS1 and NOS2 heme active site. CN(2)-Cbi did not react directly with NO or CO. Spectral perturbation analysis showed that CN(2)-Cbi interacted directly with the purified NOS1 oxygenase domain. NOS inhibition by corrins was rapid and not reversed by dialysis with L-arginine or tetrahydrobiopterin. Molecular modeling indicated that corrins could access the unusually large heme- and substrate-binding pocket of NOS. Best fits were obtained in the "base-off" conformation of the lower axial dimethylbenzimidazole ligand. CN(2)-Cbi inhibited interferon-gamma-activated Raw264.7 mouse macrophage NO production. We show for the first time that certain corrins directly inhibit NOS, suggesting that these agents (or their derivatives) may have pharmacological utility. Endogenous cobalamins and cobinamides might play important roles in regulating NOS activity under normal and pathological conditions.
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[Identification and secondary metabolites of endophytic fungal strain PR35 from Paeonia delavayi].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
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To identify the endophytic fungal strain PR35 separated from Paeonia delavayi and study chemical constituents of its secondary metabolites.
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Increased plasma arginase activity in human sepsis: association with increased circulating neutrophils.
Clin. Chem. Lab. Med.
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Abstract Background: The pathophysiology of sepsis is incompletely understood. Impaired bioavailability of L-arginine, the substrate for NO synthesis, is linked to sepsis severity, and plasma arginase has been linked to hypoargininemia in other disease states. Circulating neutrophils are increased in sepsis and constitutively express arginase. We investigated whether plasma arginase activity is increased in human sepsis and whether this is associated with neutrophil numbers and activation. Methods: We used HPLC and a radiometric assay to evaluate plasma amino acid concentrations and plasma arginase activity. The relationships between plasma arginase activity, neutrophil count, neutrophil activity and plasma L-arginine and arginine metabolites were evaluated in 44 sepsis patients and 25 controls. Results: Plasma arginase activity was increased in sepsis patients, correlated with neutrophil count (r=0.44; p=0.003), but was independent of sepsis severity (SOFA or APACHE II score). Plasma HNP1-3 correlated with neutrophil count (r=0.31; p=0.04), was elevated in shock (median 180 ng/mL vs. 83 ng/mL sepsis without shock, p=0.0006) and correlated with SOFA score. Sepsis patients with high neutrophil counts had significantly higher plasma HNP1-3 and arginase activity and lower plasma L-arginine concentrations than those with lower neutrophil counts and controls. Conclusions: Plasma arginase activity, potentially derived in part from neutrophil activation, is elevated in sepsis, and may contribute to impaired bioavailability of L-arginine in sepsis.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.