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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Functional elements in initiation factors 1, 1A, and 2? discriminate against poor AUG context and non-AUG start codons.
Mol. Cell. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 09-19-2011
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Yeast eIF1 inhibits initiation at non-AUG triplets, but it was unknown whether it also discriminates against AUGs in suboptimal context. As in other eukaryotes, the yeast gene encoding eIF1 (SUI1) contains an AUG in poor context, which could underlie translational autoregulation. Previously, eIF1 mutations were identified that increase initiation at UUG codons (Sui(-) phenotype), and we obtained mutations with the opposite phenotype of suppressing UUG initiation (Ssu(-) phenotype). Remarkably, Sui(-) mutations in eukaryotic translation initiation factor 1 (eIF1), eIF1A, and eIF2? all increase SUI1 expression in a manner diminished by introducing the optimal context at the SUI1 AUG, whereas Ssu(-) mutations in eIF1 and eIF1A decrease SUI1 expression with the native, but not optimal, context present. Therefore, discrimination against weak context depends on specific residues in eIFs 1, 1A, and 2? that also impede selection of non-AUGs, suggesting that context nucleotides and AUG act coordinately to stabilize the preinitiation complex. Although eIF1 autoregulates by discriminating against poor context in yeast and mammals, this mechanism does not prevent eIF1 overproduction in yeast, accounting for the hyperaccuracy phenotype afforded by SUI1 overexpression.
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Constitutively nuclear FOXO3a localization predicts poor survival and promotes Akt phosphorylation in breast cancer.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 05-06-2010
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The PI3K-Akt signal pathway plays a key role in tumorigenesis and the development of drug-resistance. Cytotoxic chemotherapy resistance is linked to limited therapeutic options and poor prognosis.
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eIF1 controls multiple steps in start codon recognition during eukaryotic translation initiation.
J. Mol. Biol.
PUBLISHED: 07-14-2009
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Eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 1 is a central mediator of start codon recognition. Dissociation of eIF1 from the preinitiation complex (PIC) allows release of phosphate from the G-protein factor eIF2, triggering downstream events in initiation. Mutations that weaken binding of eIF1 to the PIC decrease the fidelity of start codon recognition (Sui(-) phenotype) by allowing increased eIF1 release at non-AUG codons. Consistent with this, overexpression of these mutant proteins suppresses their Sui(-) phenotypes. Here, we have examined mutations at the penultimate residue of eIF1, G107, that produce Sui(-) phenotypes without increasing the rate of eIF1 release. We provide evidence that, in addition to its role in gating phosphate release, dissociation of eIF1 triggers conversion from an open, scanning-competent state of the PIC to a stable, closed one. We also show that eIF5 antagonizes binding of eIF1 to the complex and that key interactions of eIF1 with its partners are modulated by the charge at and around G107. Our data indicate that eIF1 plays multiple roles in start codon recognition and suggest that prior to AUG recognition it prevents eIF5 from binding to a key site in the PIC required for triggering downstream events.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

How does it work?

We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.