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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Non catheter-related bacteremia caused by Pseudomonas?oryzihabitans in a patient undergoing hemodialysis.
Hemodial Int
PUBLISHED: 03-10-2014
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Pseudomonas oryzihabitans (P.?orizyhabitans) has already been reported both as a human and a zoonotic pathogen. A few cases of?P.?orizyhabitans bacteremia have been reported among patients who underwent peritoneal dialysis. P.?orizyhabitans bacteremia has never been reported among patients on hemodialysis. We report the first case of P.?orizyhabitans bacteremia in a chronic hemodialysis patient; this patient did not have a central venous catheter angioaccess as a potential portal of entry.
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Nephroprotective effects of TVP1022, a non-MAO inhibitor S-isomer of rasagiline, in an experimental model of diabetic renal ischemic injury.
Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 11-06-2013
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Ischemic acute kidney injury (iAKI) in diabetes mellitus is associated with a rapid deterioration of kidney function, more than in nondiabetic subjects. TVP1022, a non-MAO inhibitor S-isomer of rasagiline, possesses antioxidative and antiapoptotic activities. The current study examines the effects of TVP1022 and tempol on iAKI in diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin. iAKI was induced by clamping the left renal artery for 30 min in both diabetic and nondiabetic rats. The right intact kidney served as a control. Forty-eight hours following ischemia, urinary flow (V), sodium excretion (UNaV), and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in both ischemic and nonischemic kidneys were determined. The nephroprotective effects of tempol and TVP1022 were examined in these rats. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) immunofluorescence, and nitrotyrosine immunohistochemistry were performed on renal tissues of the various experimental groups. Compared with normoglycemic rats, iAKI in diabetic animals caused more profound reductions in V, UNaV, and GFR. Tempol and TVP1022 treatment increased GFR two- and four-fold in diabetic ischemic kidney, respectively. Besides hemodynamic perturbations, iAKI markedly increased renal immunoreactive 4-HNE and nitrotyrosine staining in both diabetic and nondiabetic rats. Moreover, iAKI increased medullary necrosis, congestion, and casts. Noteworthy, these increases were to a larger extent in ischemic diabetic kidneys. TVP1022, and to a lesser extent tempol, decreased nitrotyrosine and 4-HNE immunoreactivities and necrosis and cast formation in the renal medulla. TVP1022 treatment improves renal dysfunction and histological changes in an iAKI diabetic model and suggests a role for TVP1022 therapy in kidney injury.
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Corin: a new player in the regulation of salt-water balance and blood pressure.
Curr. Opin. Nephrol. Hypertens.
PUBLISHED: 10-09-2013
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Natriuretic peptides play a key role in regulation of blood pressure and volume homeostasis due to their natriuretic/diuretic and vasodilatory actions. The natriuretic and diuretic responses to natriuretic peptides are markedly attenuated in edematous disease states. Our goal is to review the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, with special emphasis on the role of corin in salt retention and edema formation in heart failure and nephrotic syndrome, and pathogenesis of hypertension.
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Maxillary and Frontal Bone Simultaneously Involved in Brown Tumor due to Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in a Hemodialysis Patient.
Case Rep Oncol Med
PUBLISHED: 06-12-2013
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Brown tumors are rare focal giant cell lesions of the bone caused by primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Brown tumor was reported in 1891; it presents as the end-stage findings of HPT. Common involvements are skull and pelvic girdle. We describe a case of 46-year-old female hemodialysis patient, with secondary HPT in whom multiple masses lesions of the left maxillary sinus and frontal bone were radiologically suspected to be brown tumor. This unusual manifestation of secondary HPT can be expected to occur with increased longevity of patients with renal failure and illustrates the need to include brown tumor in the differential diagnosis.
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Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibition attenuates early renal ischemia-reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury: assessment by quantitative measurement of urinary NGAL and KIM-1.
Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol.
PUBLISHED: 01-30-2013
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical problem that still lacks effective treatment. Phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors possess anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidant properties, making it a promising therapy for ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury of various organs. The present study evaluated the early nephroprotective effects of Tadalafil, a PDE5 inhibitor, in an experimental model of renal I/R. Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups: vehicle-treated I/R (n = 10), and Tadalafil (10 mg/kg po)-treated I/R group (n = 11). After removal of the right kidney and collection of two baseline urine samples, the left renal artery was clamped for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 60, 120, 180, and 240 min. Functional and histological parameters of the kidneys from the various groups were determined. In the vehicle-treated I/R group, glomerular filtration rate was significantly reduced compared with that in normal kidneys. In addition, the ischemic kidney showed remarkable cast formation, necrosis, and congestion, a consistent pattern of acute tubular necrosis. Furthermore, urinary excretion of NGAL and KIM-1, two novel biomarkers of kidney injury, substantially increased following I/R insult. In contrast, Tadalafil treatment resulted in a significant improvement in kidney function and amelioration of the adverse histological alterations of the ischemic kidney. Noteworthy, the urinary excretion of NGAL and KIM-1 markedly decreased in the Tadalafil-treated I/R group. These findings demonstrate that Tadalafil possesses early nephroprotective effects in rat kidneys subjected to I/R insult. This approach may suggest a prophylactic therapy for patients with ischemic AKI.
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[Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NAGL): a novel biomarker for acute kidney injury].
Harefuah
PUBLISHED: 12-15-2011
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The incidence of both acute and chronic kidney diseases is persistently increasing and is reaching epidemic proportions. Early therapeutic intervention may significantly decrease the morbidity and mortality rates among these patients. However, the lack of early non-invasive biomarkers has hampered our ability to diagnose kidney diseases as early as possible, and subsequently, to initiate timely, effective, and appropriate treatment. Until recently, no biomarker for kidney disease, except for creatinine was available to clinicians in general and nephrologists in particular. Unfortunately, creatinine is an unreliable indicator during acute and chronic changes in kidney function, since serum creatinine concentrations can vary widely with age, gender, muscle mass, muscle metabolism, medications and hydration status. Secondly, serum creatinine concentrations may not change until a significant amount of kidney function (50-60%) has already been lost. In the last few years various specific biomarkers for kidney diseases were discovered and the most reliable representative is neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), which is the focus of this review. Several studies have demonstrated that plasma and urinary NGAL levels increase two hours after the induction of acute kidney injury (AKI) in several clinical situations such as cardiac surgery, radiocontrast nephropathy, kidney transplantation, hemolytic uremic syndrome and critically ill patients in intensive care unit. Serum and urine concentrations of NGAL increase before those of creatinine, making this biomarker a powerful tool for early detection of renal disease, thus hopefully to reduce the high mortality rate among patients with AKI.
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Major depressive disorders in chronic hemodialysis patients in Nazareth: identification and assessment.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat
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Depression illnesses are commonly observed in hemodialysis (HD) patients, which can influence the quality of life of end-stage renal disease patients. We evaluate the prevalence and predictive risk factors of depression in the Arab population undergoing HD in Nazareth, Israel.
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Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition protects against increased intra-abdominal pressure-induced renal dysfunction in experimental congestive heart failure.
Eur. J. Heart Fail.
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Congestive heart failure (CHF) is associated with impaired renal function. Previously, we have demonstrated that rats with decompensated CHF exhibited exaggerated sensitivity to the adverse renal effects of increased increased intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) as compared with normal controls. This study tested whether phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibition protects against the adverse renal effects of increased IAP in rats with CHF.
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Pharmacist counseling to cardiac patients in Israel prior to discharge from hospital contribute to increasing patients medication adherence closing gaps and improving outcomes.
J Transl Med
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Medication non adherence is a global epidemic perplexing phenomenon that is eminent, but not insurmountable. Our first objective was to explore whether providing pharmacists counseling to cardiac patients prior to discharge can increase patients medication adherence, and our second objective was to assess whether better medication adherence leads to reduction of hospital readmissions.
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Neuropsychopharmacology and neurogenetic aspects of executive functioning: should reward gene polymorphisms constitute a diagnostic tool to identify individuals at risk for impaired judgment?
Mol. Neurobiol.
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Executive functions are processes that act in harmony to control behaviors necessary for maintaining focus and achieving outcomes. Executive dysfunction in neuropsychiatric disorders is attributed to structural or functional pathology of brain networks involving prefrontal cortex (PFC) and its connections with other brain regions. The PFC receives innervations from different neurons associated with a number of neurotransmitters, especially dopamine (DA). Here we review findings on the contribution of PFC DA to higher-order cognitive and emotional behaviors. We suggest that examination of multifactorial interactions of an individuals genetic history, along with environmental risk factors, can assist in the characterization of executive functioning for that individual. Based upon the results of genetic studies, we also propose genetic mapping as a probable diagnostic tool serving as a therapeutic adjunct for augmenting executive functioning capabilities. We conclude that preservation of the neurological underpinnings of executive functions requires the integrity of complex neural systems including the influence of specific genes and associated polymorphisms to provide adequate neurotransmission.
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What is Visualize?

JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos.

Video X seems to be unrelated to Abstract Y...

In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.