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Find video protocols related to scientific articles indexed in Pubmed.
Multicenter Study on Adult Growth Hormone Level in Postoperative Pituitary Tumor Patients.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 11-19-2014
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The objective of this study is to observe the adult growth hormone level in postoperative pituitary tumor patients of multi-centers, and explore the change of hypophyseal hormones in postoperative pituitary tumor patients. Sixty patients with pituitary tumor admitted during March, 2011-March, 2012 were selected. Postoperative hypophyseal hormone deficiency and the change of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative growth hormone levels were recorded. Growth hormone hypofunction was the most common hormonal hypofunction, which took up to 85.0 %. Adrenocortical hormone hypofunction was next to it and accounted for 58.33 %. GH + ACTH + TSH + Gn deficiency was the most common in postoperative hormone deficiency, which took up to 40.00 %, and GH + ACTH + TSH + Gn + AVP and GH deficiencies were next to it and accounted for 23.33 and 16.67 %, respectively. The hormone levels in patients after total pituitary tumor resection were significantly lower than those after partial pituitary tumor resection, and the difference was statistically significant; growth hormone and serum prolactin levels after surgery in two groups were decreased, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence rate of growth hormone deficiency in postoperative pituitary tumor patients is high, which is usually complicated with deficiency of various hypophyseal hormones. In clinical, we should pay attention to the levels of the hypopnyseal hormones, and take timely measures to avoid postoperative complications.
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An improved algorithm to reduce noise in high-order thermal ghost imaging.
J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis
PUBLISHED: 11-18-2014
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A modified Nth-order correlation function is derived that can effectively remove the noise background encountered in high-order thermal light ghost imaging (GI). Based on this, the quality of the reconstructed images in an Nth-order lensless GI setup has been greatly enhanced compared to former high-order schemes for the same sampling number. In addition, the dependence of the visibility and signal-to-noise ratio for different high-order images on the sampling number has been measured and compared.
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Therapeutic effect of Jinlongshe Granule () on quality of life of stage IV gastric cancer patients using EORTC QLQ-C30: A double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2014
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To evaluate the impact of Jinlongshe Granule (, JLSG) on quality of life (QOL) of stage IV gastric cancer patients.
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[Contribution of different processes in wetland soil N2O production in different restoration phases of the Yellow River estuary, China].
Huan Jing Ke Xue
PUBLISHED: 10-24-2014
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By using the method of time-space mutual substitution, the contribution of different processes in wetland soil N2O production was studied in the un-restoration wetland (R0), restoration wetland since 2007 (R2007) and restoration wetland since 2002 (R2002) of the Yellow River estuary to evaluate the effectiveness of the restoration projects. Results showed wetland soil total N2O production had a significant difference in different restoration phases, but the N2O release was the main source. The N2O production in restoration wetland was higher than that in un-restoration wetland. The N2O production wss mainly due to the nitrification and nitrifier denitrification processes, while the denitrification process had great weakening effects on N2O production, which was closely related to the physical and chemical properties of wetland soils in different restoration phases. The non-biological processes made greater contributions to N2O production and these were mainly due to that iron was reductive, while the Yellow River estuary was an area of highly active iron. Although N2O production in wetland soils was the results of biological processes combined with non-biological processes in different restoration phases, non-biological processes had larger influences and should be paid a special attention. There were different influences on wetland soil processes generating N2O between temperature and water content, indicating responses of soil microbial activities to temperature and water content were different. In addition, the N2O production contents ranged from 0.37 +/- 0.08 nmol x (kg x h) (-1) to 9.75 +/- 7.64 nmol x (kg x h) (-1) in marshes of the Yellow River estuary, which was slightly higher than those in the S. alterniflora wetland soils of the Min River estuary, but significantly lower than those in the C. malaccensis wetland soils of the Min River estuary, the grassland soils and the aerobic forest soils. We found that the long-term implements of ecological restoration project in the Yellow River estuary obviously promoted N2O production, so we should consider two factors of landscape restoration and weakening greenhouse gases in the next wetland restoration project.
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[Roles of STIM2 and TRPC3 in the CaR mediated Ca2+ entry and NO generation in human umbilical vein endothelial cells].
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-22-2014
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To study the roles of stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM2) and transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3) in extracellular Ca(2+)-sensing receptor (CaR)-induced extracellular Ca2+ influx and the production of nitric oxide (NO) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC).
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[Evaluation of high-resolution images application for wild medicinal plants macro monitoring: a case of Apocynum].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-07-2014
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To investigate the resources of medicinal plant, such as wild Apocynum, supervised classification based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and texture feature were used to monitor wild medicinal plants from image captured by ZY-3 and World-view-2 and compare which satellite Image are more appropriate to monitor the wild medicinal plants. The research results shows that: for more complex growth conditions wild medicinal plants Apocynum, high-resolution images Worldview-2 is more suitable for its remote identification, the low-resolution satellite ZY-3 can only recognizes the wild medicinal plants which distributed intensively. If the study target distribution is more intensive and larger scale, and cultivated type medicinal plants, the use of satellite ZY-3 in low resolution remote sensing data to identify the target can be a good choice, it is not necessary to buy high-resolution data, in order to avoid waste of expenditure, for the scattered distribution, the high-resolution satellite imagery data may be indispensable to identify targets.
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Effects of endosulfan on the immune function of erythrocytes, and potential protection by testosterone propionate.
J Toxicol Sci
PUBLISHED: 09-23-2014
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While the immunotoxicity of endosulfan has been studied, little is known about its influence on immune function associated with erythrocytes (RBC). The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of endosulfan, and any possible mitigation by testosterone propionate (TP), on erythrocyte immune function in a mouse model. To this end, rosette formation [as erythrocyte C3b receptor(E-C3bR) and erythrocyte immune complexes (E-IC)], as well as measures of the erythrocyte C3b receptor rosette-forming enhancing rate (RFER; reflecting immunoenhancing factor activity) and C3b receptor rosette-forming inhibitory rate (RFIR; reflecting immunosuppressive factor activity) were performed. The effects of RBC on regulating NK cell function or T-cell adherence were also analyzed. Lastly, to begin to assess potential mechanisms by which endosulfan could impact on the measured endpoints, CD35, CD58, and CD59 expression on RBC was evaluated; expression/mRNA levels of complement receptor I-related gene/protein y (Crry) on cells/splenic tissues was also assessed. The data show that E-C3bR rosette ratios decreased, and those of E-IC increased, due to endosulfan treatment. In these hosts, RFER (i.e., immunoenhancing factor in plasma) was decreased, but RFIR (i.e., immunosuppressive factor) was unchanged.There were no clear effects from endosulfan on RBC regulatory function against NK or T-cells. Lastly, Crry mRNA levels in tissues/cells from these mice were significantly decreased; however, CD59 and CD58 expression levels were unaffected. The data also show that TP co-treatment reversed or mitigated effects of endosulfan on each endpoint, in part, by two possible mechanisms; the TP may be increasing the activity of the innate immune enhancing factor, or, an anti-oxidant effect of TP might help to protect membrane structures and increase Crry stability on the RBC.
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An Aggregation-Induced-Emission Platform for Direct Visualization of Interfacial Dynamic Self-Assembly.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.
PUBLISHED: 09-02-2014
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An in-depth understanding of dynamic interfacial self-assembly processes is essential for a wide range of topics in theoretical physics, materials design, and biomedical research. However, direct monitoring of such processes is hampered by the poor imaging contrast of a thin interfacial layer. We report in situ imaging technology capable of selectively highlighting self-assembly at the phase boundary in real time by employing the unique photophysical properties of aggregation-induced emission. Its application to the study of breath-figure formation, an immensely useful yet poorly understood phenomenon, provided a mechanistic model supported by direct visualization of all main steps and fully corroborated by simulation and theoretical analysis. This platform is expected to advance the understanding of the dynamic phase-transition phenomena, offer insights into interfacial biological processes, and guide development of novel self-assembly technologies.
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Comparative proteome analysis reveals conserved and specific adaptation patterns of Staphylococcus aureus after internalization by different types of human non-professional phagocytic host cells.
Front Microbiol
PUBLISHED: 08-01-2014
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Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogen that can cause a wide range of diseases. Although formerly regarded as extracellular pathogen, it has been shown that S. aureus can also be internalized by host cells and persist within these cells. In the present study, we comparatively analyzed survival and physiological adaptation of S. aureus HG001 after internalization by two human lung epithelial cell lines (S9 and A549), and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK 293). Combining enrichment of bacteria from host-pathogen assays by cell sorting and quantitation of the pathogen's proteome by mass spectrometry we characterized S. aureus adaptation during the initial phase between 2.5 h and 6.5 h post-infection. Starting with about 2 × 10(6) bacteria, roughly 1450 S. aureus proteins, including virulence factors and metabolic enzymes were identified by spectral comparison and classical database searches. Most of the bacterial adaptation reactions, such as decreased levels of ribosomal proteins and metabolic enzymes or increased amounts of proteins involved in arginine and lysine biosynthesis, enzymes coding for terminal oxidases and stress responsive proteins or activation of the sigma factor SigB were observed after internalization into any of the three cell lines studied. However, differences were noted in central carbon metabolism including regulation of fermentation and threonine degradation. Since these differences coincided with different intracellular growth behavior, complementary profiling of the metabolome of the different non-infected host cell types was performed. This revealed similar levels of intracellular glucose but host cell specific differences in the amounts of amino acids such as glycine, threonine or glutamate. With this comparative study we provide an impression of the common and specific features of the adaptation of S. aureus HG001 to specific host cell environments as a starting point for follow-up studies with different strain isolates and regulatory mutants.
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Dual growing rod treatment in early onset scoliosis: the effect of repeated lengthening surgeries on thoracic growth and dimensions.
Eur Spine J
PUBLISHED: 07-29-2014
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To investigate changes in thoracic dimensions (TDs) following repeated lengthening surgeries after dual growing rod treatment of early onset scoliosis and thereby its effect on thoracic growth.
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Inhaled formaldehyde induces bone marrow toxicity via oxidative stress in exposed mice.
Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
PUBLISHED: 07-22-2014
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Formaldehyde (FA) is an economically important chemical, and has been found to cause various types of toxic damage to the body. Formaldehyde-induced toxic damage involves reactive oxygen species (ROS) that trigger subsequent toxic effects and inflammatory responses, which may increase risk of cancer. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the possible toxic mechanism in bone marrow caused by formaldehyde. In accordance with the principle of randomization, the mice were divided into four groups of 6 mice per group. One group was exposed to ambient air and the other three groups were exposed to different concentrations of formaldehyde (20, 40, 80 mg/m3) for 15 days in the respective inhalation chambers, 2h a day. At the end of the 15-day experimental period, all mice were killed. Bone marrow cells were obtained. Some of those were used for the determination of blood cell numbers, bone marrow karyote numbers, CFU-F, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content; others were used for the determination of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cell cycle and Bcl-2, Bax, CytC protein expression. WBC and PLT numbers in median and high dose groups were obvious reduced, but there was no change on RBC numbers. There was also reduced numbers of bone marrow karyotes and CFU-F in the high dose group. SOD activity was decreased, but MDA content was increased. MMP and Bcl-2 expression were decreased with increasing formaldehyde concentration, while expression of Bax and Cyt C was increased. We also observed change in cell cycling, and found that there was S phase arrest in the high dose group. Our study suggested that a certain concentration of formaldehyde could have toxic effects on the hematopoietic system, with oxidative stress as a critical effect.
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A case of tumor-like inflammatory demyelinating disease with progressive brain and spinal cord involvement.
Sao Paulo Med J
PUBLISHED: 07-21-2014
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Tumor-like inflammatory demyelinating disease (TIDD) usually occurs in the brain and rarely occurs in the spinal cord. TIDD appears to be very similar to tumors such as gliomas on imaging, which may lead to incorrect or delayed diagnosis and treatment.
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Protective effects of testosterone propionate on reproductive toxicity caused by Endosulfan in male mice.
Environ. Toxicol.
PUBLISHED: 07-12-2014
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To investigate the protective effect of testosterone propionate (TP) on reproductive toxicity caused by endosulfan in male mice, three group experiments were designed: the control group received 0 and 0, the endosulfan group received 0.8 and 0, and the endosulfan?+?TP group received 0.8 mg/kg/d endosulfan and 10 mg/kg/d TP, respectively. The results showed that TP significantly prevented the declines of concentration and motility rates in sperm, reduced the rate of sperm abnormalities in epididymis; and antagonized the decreases in spermatogenous cell and sperm numbers in testes induced by endosulfan. TP also decreased the numbers of cavities formed, prevented the decreases of plasma testosterone and androgen receptor (AR) mRNA in testicular tissue, alleviated the increase of LH induced by endosulfan. It is likely that TP relieve the reproductive toxicity by reversing the endosulfan-induced decreases in testosterone secretion and AR expression that resulted from the alteration of Leydig cell function. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol, 2014.
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Combinations of various CpG motifs cloned into plasmid backbone modulate and enhance protective immunity of viral replicon DNA anthrax vaccines.
Med. Microbiol. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 07-08-2014
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DNA vaccines are generally weak stimulators of the immune system. Fortunately, their efficacy can be improved using a viral replicon vector or by the addition of immunostimulatory CpG motifs, although the design of these engineered DNA vectors requires optimization. Our results clearly suggest that multiple copies of three types of CpG motifs or combinations of various types of CpG motifs cloned into a viral replicon vector backbone with strong immunostimulatory activities on human PBMC are efficient adjuvants for these DNA vaccines to modulate and enhance protective immunity against anthrax, although modifications with these different CpG forms in vivo elicited inconsistent immune response profiles. Modification with more copies of CpG motifs elicited more potent adjuvant effects leading to the generation of enhanced immunity, which indicated a CpG motif dose-dependent enhancement of antigen-specific immune responses. Notably, the enhanced and/or synchronous adjuvant effects were observed in modification with combinations of two different types of CpG motifs, which provides not only a contribution to the knowledge base on the adjuvant activities of CpG motifs combinations but also implications for the rational design of optimal DNA vaccines with combinations of CpG motifs as "built-in" adjuvants. We describe an efficient strategy to design and optimize DNA vaccines by the addition of combined immunostimulatory CpG motifs in a viral replicon DNA plasmid to produce strong immune responses, which indicates that the CpG-modified viral replicon DNA plasmid may be desirable for use as vector of DNA vaccines.
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A fluorescent probe for intracellular cysteine overcoming the interference by glutathione.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 07-03-2014
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Cysteine (Cys) plays important roles in many physiological processes of eukaryotic cells and its detection in cells is of fundamental significance. However, glutathione (GSH), homocysteine, N-acetyl-L-cysteine and other thiols greatly hamper the detection of Cys. In particular, GSH strongly interferes with the detection of cellular Cys (30–200 ?M) due to its high intracellular concentration (1–10 mM). In this work, an off–on fluorescent probe (HOTA) for the detection of Cys is presented. This probe possesses both excellent sensitivity and satisfactory selectivity for cellular Cys detection: with the addition of 200 ?M Cys, the fluorescence intensity of the probe (10 ?M) enhanced 117-fold and the detection limit was calculated to be 13.47 ?M, which is lower than the cellular Cys concentration; the probe also selectively detected 30–200 ?M cysteine over 1–10 mM glutathione. Consequently, cell imaging experiments were performed with probe HOTA. Furthermore, the results of the thiol-blocking and GSH synthesis inhibiting experiments confirmed that the intracellular emission mainly originates from the interaction between Cys and HOTA.
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A sensitivity tuneable tetraphenylethene-based fluorescent probe for directly indicating the concentration of hydrogen sulfide.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 06-28-2014
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A novel tetraphenylethene-based fluorescent H2S probe was designed and synthesized, which exhibited high selectivity and tuneable sensitivity, making direct indication of H2S concentration in blood and unknown samples possible.
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Conjugates of tetraphenylethene and diketopyrrolopyrrole: tuning the emission properties with phenyl bridges.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 06-26-2014
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Diketopyrrolopyrrole (ACQ-gen) and tetraphenylethenes (AIE-gen) are linked together with phenyl bridges. The derivatives show substantially enhanced and red-shifted emission in the solid state.
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[Inhibitory effect of Xiaotan Sanjie Recipe on the microsatellite instability of orthotopic transplantation tumor in MKN-45 human gastric cancer nude mice].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-20-2014
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To study the inhibitory effect of Xiaotan Sanjie Recipe (XSR) on the microsatellite instability of orthotopic transplantation tumor in MKN-45 human gastric cancer nude mice.
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Sublethal toxic effects of nonylphenol ethoxylate and nonylphenol to Moina macrocopa.
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol
PUBLISHED: 05-26-2014
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The aim of this paper was to examine the sublethal toxic effects of nonylphenol ethoxylate (NP10EO), its primary degradation product nonylphenol (NP), and their mixture on Moina macrocopa. Chronic toxicity tests were carried out by using sublethal chemical concentrations. Results showed that all treatments reduced the survivorship, body length, and reproduction of M. macrocopa with NP being 10 %-20 % more toxic to M. macrocopa than NP10EO. Results also indicated that the toxic effects of NP10EO and NP mixture on M. macrocopa were more severe than that of any single chemical alone. At the highest concentration in this experiment, 0.337 mg L(-1) NP10EO plus 0.0154 mg L(-1) NP treatment caused the survivorship of M. macrocopa to zero, neonates number of reproductions to zero, 45.5 % reduction in the body length, and 88 % reduction in the total neonates number.
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Pentavalent replicon vaccines against botulinum neurotoxins and tetanus toxin using DNA-based Semliki Forest virus replicon vectors.
Hum Vaccin Immunother
PUBLISHED: 05-03-2014
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The clostridial neurotoxin (CNT) family includes botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), serotypes A, B, E, and F of which can cause human botulism, and tetanus neurotoxin (TeNT), which is the causative agent of tetanus. This suggests that the greatest need is for a multivalent or multiagent vaccine that provides protection against all 5 agents. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of generating several pentavalent replicon vaccines that protected mice against BoNTs and TeNT. First, we evaluated the potency of individual replicon DNA or particle vaccine against TeNT, which induced strong antibody and protective responses in BALB/c mice following 2 or 3 immunizations. Then, the individual replicon TeNT vaccines were combined with tetravalent BoNTs vaccines to prepare 4 types of pentavalent replicon vaccines. These replicon DNA or particle pentavalent vaccines could simultaneously and effectively induce antibody responses and protect effects against the 5 agents. Finally, a solid-phase assay showed that the sera of pentavalent replicon formulations-immunized mice inhibited the binding of THc to the ganglioside GT1b as the sera of individual replicon DNA or particle-immunized mice. These results indicated these pentavalent replicon vaccines could protect against the 4 BoNT serotypes and effectively neutralize and protect the TeNT. Therefore, our studies demonstrate the utility of combining replicon DNA or particle vaccines into multi-agent formulations as potent pentavalent vaccines for eliciting protective responses against BoNTs and TeNT.
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The effect of local application of natural hirudin on random pattern skin flap microcirculation in a porcine model.
Cell Biochem. Biophys.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2014
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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of local administration of hirudin in improving random pattern skin flap microcirculation in a porcine model. Five Chinese minipigs were used and six dorsal random pattern skin flaps were elevated in each animal (4 × 14 cm). All flaps (n = 30) were assigned to experimental (n = 10), control (n = 10), and sham (n = 10) groups. Flap edema measurement showed that edema in experimental flaps was more severe (P < 0.05) than either control or sham flaps. Local blood flow detection showed an increased image signal of blood flow in experimental flaps instead of an obvious avascular area in control and sham flaps. The survival area was significantly greater in experimental group (67.6 ± 2.1 %) as compared to control (45.2 ± 1.4 %) or sham (48.3 ± 1.1 %) group (P < 0.05). Our data showed that local administration of hirudin can significantly improve random pattern skin flap microcirculation in over dimensioned random pattern skin flaps in a porcine model.
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Strikingly reduced amyloid burden and improved behavioral performance in Alzheimer's disease mice immunized with recombinant chimeric vaccines by hexavalent foldable A????? fused to toxin-derived carrier proteins.
J. Alzheimers Dis.
PUBLISHED: 03-15-2014
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Targeting on the amyloid-? (A?) is a promising immunotherapeutic strategy for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, A?(1-15) sequence alone induces low antibody response and poor protection against AD. We describe here the immunological characterization and protective efficacy of several recombinant chimeric vaccines with hexavalent foldable A?(1-15) (6A?15) fused to PADRE or toxin-derived carrier proteins. Immunization with these chimeric antigens generated robust Th2 immune responses with high anti-A?42 antibody titers in different mice, which recognized neurotoxic A?42 oligomers, but did not stimulate A?42-specific T cell responses. These 6A?15 chimeric vaccines markedly reduced A? pathology and prevented development of behavioral deficits in immunized older AD mice. Importantly, toxin-derived carrier proteins as molecular adjuvants of chimeric vaccines could substantially boost immune responses and overcome A?- and old age-associated hypo-responsiveness, and elicit long-term A?-specific antibody response, which in turn inhibited A?-mediated pathology and improved acquisition and retention of spatial memory in immunized AD mice. These data indicate that toxin fragments as molecular adjuvants are promising new tools for the rational design and development of prototype chimeric vaccines for AD and this type of chimeric vaccine design has the added advantage of overcoming hypo-responsiveness in elderly AD patients with pre-existing memory Th cells from tetanus toxin.
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A 1,3-indandione-functionalized tetraphenylethene: aggregation-induced emission, solvatochromism, mechanochromism, and potential application as a multiresponsive fluorescent probe.
Chemistry
PUBLISHED: 03-11-2014
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A tetraphenylethene (TPE) derivative substituted with the electron-acceptor 1,3-indandione (IND) group was designed and prepared. The targeted IND-TPE reserves the intrinsic aggregation-induced emission (AIE) property of the TPE moiety. Meanwhile, owing to the decorated IND moiety, IND-TPE demonstrates intramolecular charge-transfer process and pronounced solvatochromic behavior. When the solvent is changed from apolar toluene to highly polar acetonitrile, the emission peak redshifts from 543 to 597?nm. IND-TPE solid samples show an evident mechanochromic process. Grinding of the as-prepared powder sample induces a redshift of emission from green (peak at 515?nm) to orange (peak at 570?nm). The mechanochromic process is reversible in multiple grinding-thermal annealing and grinding-solvent-fuming cycles, and the emission of the solid sample switches between orange (ground) and yellow (thermal/solvent-fuming-treated) colors. The mechanochromism is ascribed to the phase transition between amorphous and crystalline states. IND-TPE undergoes a hydrolysis reaction in basic aqueous solution, thus the red-orange emission can be quenched by OH(-) or other species that can induce the generation of sufficient OH(-). Accordingly, IND-TPE has been used to discriminatively detect arginine and lysine from other amino acids, due to their basic nature. The experimental data are satisfactory. Moreover, the hydrolyzation product of IND-TPE is weakly emissive in the resultant mixture but becomes highly blue-emissive after the illumination for a period by UV light. Thus IND-TPE can be used as a dual-responsive fluorescent probe, which may extend the application of TPE-based molecular probes in chemical and biological categories.
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CD163+ tumor-associated macrophages correlated with poor prognosis and cancer stem cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Biomed Res Int
PUBLISHED: 02-16-2014
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Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in the progression and prognostication of numerous cancers. However, the role and clinical significance of TAM markers in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate the correlation between the expression of TAM markers and pathological features in OSCC by tissue microarray. Tissue microarrays containing 16 normal oral mucosa, 6 oral epithelial dysplasia, and 43 OSCC specimens were studied by immunohistochemistry. We observed that the protein expression of the TAM markers CD68 and CD163 as well as the cancer stem cell (CSC) markers ALDH1, CD44, and SOX2 increased successively from the normal oral mucosa to OSCC. The expressions of CD68 and CD163 were significantly associated with lymph node status, and SOX2 was significantly correlated with pathological grade and lymph node status, whereas ALDH1 was correlated with tumor stage. Furthermore, CD68 was significantly correlated with CD163, SOX2, and ALDH1 (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that OSCC patients overexpressing CD163 had significantly worse overall survival (P < 0.05). TAM markers are associated with cancer stem cell marker and OSCC overall survival, suggesting their potential prognostic value in OSCC.
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A recyclable and reusable supported Cu(I) catalyzed azide-alkyne click polymerization.
Sci Rep
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2014
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The azide-alkyne click polymerization (AACP) has emerged as a powerful tool for the synthesis of functional polytriazoles. While, for the Cu(I)-catalyzed AACP, the removal of the catalytic Cu(I) species from the resulting polytriazoles is difficult, and the research on the recyclability and reusability of the catalyst remains intact. Herein, we reported the first example of using recyclable and reusable supported Cu(I) catalyst of CuI@A-21 for the AACP. CuI@A-21 could not only efficiently catalyze the AACP but also be reused for at least 4 cycles. Moreover, pronounced reduction of copper residues in the products was achieved. Apart from being a green and cost-effective polymer synthesis strategy, this method will also broaden the application of AACP in material and biological sciences and provide guidelines for other polymerizations with metal catalysts.
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Xiaotan Sanjie decoction attenuates tumor angiogenesis by manipulating Notch-1-regulated proliferation of gastric cancer stem-like cells.
World J. Gastroenterol.
PUBLISHED: 02-10-2014
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To determine the underlying mechanisms of action and influence of Xiaotan Sanjie (XTSJ) decoction on gastric cancer stem-like cells (GCSCs).
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Correlation of ALDH1, CD44, OCT4 and SOX2 in tongue squamous cell carcinoma and their association with disease progression and prognosis.
J. Oral Pathol. Med.
PUBLISHED: 01-23-2014
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Recently, studies indicated that cancer stem cell plays a key role in cancer development and progression. However, the role of cancer stem cell has not been well elucidated in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between the expressions of stem cell markers and the prognosis of TSCC.
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Impact of red blood cell distribution width on long-term mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction.
Cardiology
PUBLISHED: 01-21-2014
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Recent studies have reported increased red blood cell distribution width (RDW) has been associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure and stable coronary disease. We investigated the association between RDW and risk of all-cause mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were free of heart failure at baseline.
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Safety and efficacy of intravenous esmolol before prospective electrocardiogram-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition for computed tomography coronary angiography.
J Geriatr Cardiol
PUBLISHED: 01-04-2014
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In order to acquire a high quality image with a low radiation dose, prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) requires a stable heart rate (HR) < 65 beats/min. Esmolol has the advantage of reducing HR. The objective of this article is to assess the value of intravenous esmolol treatment before prospective ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition for CTCA.
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Prognostic and predictive values of SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 are known to be closely associated with tumor progression in several kinds of human tumors. This study aimed to investigate the expression of SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and to evaluate their association with the prognosis in oral carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining was used to examine the expression of SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 in 17 normal oral mucosa, 6 oral epithelial dysplasia and 43 OSCC specimens by tissue microarrays. High expression of SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 was found in OSCC patients, and SPP1 and PAI expression were significantly higher in OSCC than in normal oral mucosa. No significant correlations were found between SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 expression and clinicopathological factors. Expression of SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 was also not associated with overall survival. Moreover, SPP1 was closely correlated with PAI, caveolin-1 and Keap1, and PAI had significant correlations with caveolin-1, Keap1 and Nrf2, and caveolin-1 was associated with Keap1 by using the Pearson correlation coefficient test. Our findings suggest that overexpressed SPP1, PAI and caveolin-1 were linked to carcinogenesis and progression, and thus they may serve as potential prognostic factors in OSCC.
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Synthesis and antibacterial activities of acylide derivatives bearing an aryl-tetrazolyl chain.
Drug Des Devel Ther
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Seventeen acylides bearing an aryl-tetrazolyl alkyl-substituted side chain were synthesized, starting from clarithromycin, via several reactions including hydrolysis, acetylating, esterification, carbamylation, and Michael addition. The structures of all new compounds were confirmed by (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. All these synthesized acylides were evaluated for in vitro antimicrobial activities against gram-positive pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis) and gram-negative pathogens (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli), using the broth microdilution method. Results showed that compounds 10 e, 10 f, 10 g, 10 h, 10 o have good antibacterial activities.
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Exposure to silica nanoparticles causes reversible damage of the spermatogenic process in mice.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2014
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Environmental exposure to nanomaterials is inevitable, as nanomaterials have become part of our daily life now. In this study, we firstly investigated the effects of silica nanoparticles on the spermatogenic process according to their time course in male mice. 48 male mice were randomly divided into control group and silica nanoparticle group with 24 mice per group, with three evaluation time points (15, 35 and 60 days after the first dose) per group. Mice were exposed to the vehicle control and silica nanoparticles at a dosage of 20 mg/kg every 3 days, five times over a 13-day period, and were sacrificed at 15, 35 and 60 days after the first dose. The results showed that silica nanoparticles caused damage to the mitochondrial cristae and decreased the levels of ATP, resulting in oxidative stress in the testis by days 15 and 35; however, the damage was repaired by day 60. DNA damage and the decreases in the quantity and quality of epididymal sperm were found by days 15 and 35; but these changes were recovered by day 60. In contrast, the acrosome integrity and fertility in epididymal sperm, the numbers of spermatogonia and sperm in the testes, and the levels of three major sex hormones were not significantly affected throughout the 60-day period. The results suggest that nanoparticles can cause reversible damage to the sperms in the epididymis without affecting fertility, they are more sensitive than both spermatogonia and spermatocytes to silica nanoparticle toxicity. Considering the spermatogenesis time course, silica nanoparticles primarily influence the maturation process of sperm in the epididymis by causing oxidative stress and damage to the mitochondrial structure, resulting in energy metabolism dysfunction.
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[Expression of ZBTB8A in gastric cancer and its clinical significance].
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 12-27-2013
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To investigate the expression of ZBTB8A(zinc finger and BTB domain containing 8A) in gastric cancer tissues and its clinical significance.
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State of the Human Proteome in 2013 as Viewed through PeptideAtlas: Comparing the Kidney, Urine, and Plasma Proteomes for the Biology- and Disease-Driven Human Proteome Project.
J. Proteome Res.
PUBLISHED: 12-06-2013
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The kidney, urine, and plasma proteomes are intimately related: proteins and metabolic waste products are filtered from the plasma by the kidney and excreted via the urine, while kidney proteins may be secreted into the circulation or released into the urine. Shotgun proteomics data sets derived from human kidney, urine, and plasma samples were collated and processed using a uniform software pipeline, and relative protein abundances were estimated by spectral counting. The resulting PeptideAtlas builds yielded 4005, 2491, and 3553 nonredundant proteins at 1% FDR for the kidney, urine, and plasma proteomes, respectively - for kidney and plasma, the largest high-confidence protein sets to date. The same pipeline applied to all available human data yielded a 2013 Human PeptideAtlas build containing 12?644 nonredundant proteins and at least one peptide for each of ?14?000 Swiss-Prot entries, an increase over 2012 of ?7.5% of the predicted human proteome. We demonstrate that abundances are correlated between plasma and urine, examine the most abundant urine proteins not derived from either plasma or kidney, and consider the biomarker potential of proteins associated with renal decline. This analysis forms part of the Biology and Disease-driven Human Proteome Project (B/D-HPP) and is a contribution to the Chromosome-centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) special issue.
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Comparing minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of degenerative lumbar disease: a meta-analysis.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 10-26-2013
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Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) through a minimally invasive approach (mTLIF) was introduced to reduce soft tissue injury and speed recovery. Studies with small numbers of patients have been carried out, comparing mTLIF with traditional open TLIF (oTLIF), but inconsistent outcomes were reported.
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[Anticoagulant efficacy and safety of argatroban for patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 10-12-2013
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To investigate the anticoagulant efficacy and safety of argatroban for patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
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Lighting up cysteine and homocysteine in sequence based on the kinetic difference of the cyclization/addition reaction.
Org. Biomol. Chem.
PUBLISHED: 10-10-2013
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A novel one- and two-photon fluorescent probe CB1 has been developed for discriminating Cys and Hcy in a successive manner with high selectivity. The discrete time-dependent fluorescent responses enable us to sequentially detect Cys and Hcy in different time windows. Two-step reaction and kinetic modes were used to explain the sensing mechanism. As a promising biosensor for cell imaging, CB1 has been confirmed to exhibit membrane permeability to intact cells, low cytotoxicity to viable cells and photostability to ultraviolet light excitation. Furthermore, the results from the control assay have shown that the one- and two-photon fluorescence of CB1 within cells is associated with intracellular mercapto biomolecules but yet there is little interference with physiological pH value, viscosity and common bioanalytes. Finally one- and two-photon fluorescent images of CB1 within living SiHa cells have been presented.
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M2-polarised macrophages in infantile haemangiomas: correlation with promoted angiogenesis.
J. Clin. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 08-28-2013
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The pathogenesis of infantile haemangiomas (IHs) is still far from clear despite the fact that they are common vascular tumours distinctive for their perinatal presentation, rapid growth during the first year of life and subsequent slow involution.
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Differences in the origin of philosophy between Chinese medicine and western medicine: Exploration of the holistic advantages of Chinese medicine.
Chin J Integr Med
PUBLISHED: 08-24-2013
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To explore advantages of Chinese medicine (CM) by analyzing differences in the origin of philosophy for human health between CM and Western medicine (WM). Methodologically, a distinctive feature of CM is its systems theory, which is also the difference between CM and WM. Since the birth of CM, it has taken the human body as a whole from the key concepts of "qi, blood, yin-yang, viscera (Zang-Fu), and meridian and channel", rather than a single cell or a particular organ. WM evolves from the Western philosophic way of thinking and merely uses natural sciences as the foundation. The development of WM is based on human structures, or anatomy, and therefore, research of WM is also based on the way of thinking of decomposing the whole human body into several independent parts, which is the impetus of promoting the development of WM. The core of CM includes the holistic view and the dialectical view. Chinese herbal medicines contain various components and treat a disease from multiple targets and links. Therefore, Chinese herbal medicines treat a diseased state by regulating and mobilizing the whole body rather than just regulating a single factor, since the diseased state is not only a problem in a local part of the body but a local reflection of imbalance of the whole body.
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[Comparative study of wild and cultivated product of Panax japonicus from the west of Hubei province].
Zhong Yao Cai
PUBLISHED: 08-02-2013
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To compare the difference of macroscopic and microscopic characteristics and total saponin content between wild and cultivated product of Panax japonicus from the west of Hubei province.
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In vitro and in vivo activities of recombinant anthrax protective antigen co-expressed with thioredoxin in Escherichia coli.
Hum Vaccin Immunother
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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Because of the central role it plays in the formation of lethal toxin and edema toxin, protective antigen (PA) is the principal target for the development of vaccines against anthrax. In the present study, we explored and compared the in vitro and in vivo activities of recombinant anthrax protective antigen (rPA) and receptor binding domain of protective antigen (PA4). As a result, the fully soluble rPA and PA4 proteins were successfully expressed in Escherichia coli by co-expression with thioredoxin (Trx), and the rPA was active in forming cytotoxic lethal toxins, indicating that the rPA protein retains a functionally biological activity. Furthermore, immunization with rPA protein induced stronger PA-specific immune responses in mice than PA4 protein. The protection elicited by immunization with PA4 suggests the presence of common neutralizing epitopes between rPA and PA4, but the immunization with rPA protein induced stronger neutralizing antibodies and protective levels against challenge with the B. anthracis strain A16R than the PA4 protein. The sera neutralizing antibodies titers correlated well with anti-PA group ELISA antibodies titers and the in vivo protective potency. Based on the results of cell cytotoxicity assays and the observed immune responses and protective potency, we concluded that the soluble rPA protein retains the in vitro and in vivo functionally biological activity and can be developed into a highly effective human subunit vaccine candidate against anthrax.
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[An initial study on the feasibility of diagnosing myocardial ischemia with CT first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging at rest].
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 07-25-2013
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To assess the feasibility and accuracy of CT first-pass myocardial perfusion imaging (CT first-pass MPI) at rest for diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. Results of adenosine-induced myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) were used as gold standard.
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[Correlation of MDR1 and ABCG2 genetic polymorphisms with the efficacy and adverse events of irinotecan chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer].
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 06-27-2013
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To investigate the correlation of MDR1 and ABCG2 genetic polymorphisms with the efficacy and adverse events of irinotecan chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer(CRC).
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Evaluation of neointimal coverage in patients with coronary artery aneurysm formation after drug-eluting stent implantation by optical coherence tomography.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 06-18-2013
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The vessel healing in patients with coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) that form after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is not clear. This study aims to assess the vessel healing in patients with CAA formation after DES implanation.
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[Effects of shuyu ningxln recipe on the praxiology and the expressions of hilppocampal BDNF and trkB of model rats with chronic stress-induced depression].
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 05-30-2013
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To observe the effects of Shuyu Ningxin Recipe (SNR) on the praxiology and the expressions of hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) of model rats with chronic stress-induced depression, thus exploring its anti-depression mechanisms.
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Yolk-type Au@Fe3O4@C nanospheres for drug delivery, MRI and two-photon fluorescence imaging.
Dalton Trans
PUBLISHED: 05-21-2013
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Nearly monodispersed yolk-type Au@Fe3O4@C nanospheres with hollow cores of 50 nm in diameter were prepared through coating Au@SiO2 nanoparticles with Fe3O4@C double layers, followed by dissolving SiO2. The cytotoxicity of the nanospheres was evaluated by MTT assay, demonstrating a high biocompatibility. The yolk-type nanospheres show a high DOX loading content of 1237 mg g(-1). The coexistence of Fe3O4 and Au also makes the nanospheres as dual probes for MR imaging with a specific relaxivity (r2*) of 384.38 mM(-1) s(-1) and optical fluorescence imaging using a near-infrared (NIR) excitation.
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[Rationality of the processing methods ofaconiti lateralis radix (Fuzi) based on chemical analysis].
Yao Xue Xue Bao
PUBLISHED: 05-16-2013
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In this study, we explored the rationality of processing methods and mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix (Fuzi) through comparing the chemical contents of diester alkaloids (DAs) and monoester alkaloids (MAs) in the raw material of Fuzi and its processed products. The results showed that the toxicity potency of MAs is at least lower than 1/64 to 1/180 of the toxicity potency of DAs. The contents of DAs in processed Fuzi decreased to 1/76.5 to 1/38.3 of the value of raw Fuzi. The contents of MAs in processed Fuzi significantly increased by 4.6 to 5.2 fold or basically the same as that of the raw Fuzi. The values of MAs/DAs of processed Fuzi were enhanced by 30 to 390 fold of the raw Fuzi. It was found that the contents of DAs were insignificantly different between "Wu dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying without Danba) and "Dan fu pian" (steaming or stir-frying with Danba). The result suggested that the abilities of "eliminating toxicity" of different processing methods were equivalent at all. In contrast, the contents of MAs contained in "Wu dan fu pian" were of 5.3 to 8.7 fold higher than the values in "Dan fu pian". This result suggested the processing method by steaming or stir-frying without Danba might have better effect for "conserving property" than the method processed with Danba stipulated by China Pharmacopoeia. We believe that the new processing method without Danba can be recommended in further application due to it offers a simple procedure and it will not introduce inorganic impurities in the products.
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Twisted D-?-A solid emitters: efficient emission and high contrast mechanochromism.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 04-08-2013
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Triphenylacrylonitrile and diarylamine based D-?-A luminogens exhibit typical AIE characteristics with high solid state efficiency up to unity and switchable mechanochromism with high contrast, which render them multifunctional materials for versatile applications in optical storage, volatile organic compound (VOC) detection, OLEDs, etc.
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Thrombosis and morphology of plaque rupture using optical coherence tomography.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 03-20-2013
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Thrombosis following plaque rupture is the main cause of acute coronary syndrome, but not all plaque ruptures lead to thrombosis. There are limited in vivo data on the relationship between the morphology of ruptured plaque and thrombosis.
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Maffucci syndrome with the spindle cell hemangiomas in the mucosa of the lower lip: a rare case report and literature review.
J. Cutan. Pathol.
PUBLISHED: 03-18-2013
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The presence of non-cutaneous vascular lesions in the syndrome of multiple enchondromas and subcutaneous hemangiomas, also named Maffucci syndrome, is exceedingly rare. Until now, non-cutaneous vascular lesions have been described in nine patients, while only three cases were present in the oral cavity; they were found in the tongue in two patients and in the lower lip in one patient. Herein, we report the second case of vascular lesions localized in the mucosa of lower lip in a patient with Maffucci syndrome. Histopathologic examination showed spindle cell hemangioma.
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Positive feedback regulation of stgR expression for secondary metabolism in Streptomyces coelicolor.
J. Bacteriol.
PUBLISHED: 03-01-2013
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LysR-type transcriptional regulators (LTTRs) compose a large family and are responsible for various physiological functions in bacteria, while little is understood about their regulatory mechanism on secondary metabolism in Streptomyces. Here we reported that StgR, a typical LTTR in Streptomyces coelicolor, was a negative regulator of undecylprodigiosin (Red) and ?-actinorhodin (Act) production in the early developmental phase of secondary metabolism by suppressing the expression of two pathway-specific regulator genes, redD and actII-orf4, respectively. Meanwhile, stgR expression was downregulated during secondary metabolism to remove its repressive effects on antibiotic production. Moreover, stgR expression was positively autoregulated by direct binding of StgR to its own promoter (stgRp), and the binding site adjacent to translation start codon was determined by a DNase I footprinting assay. Furthermore, the StgR-stgRp interaction could be destroyed by the antibiotic ?-actinorhodin produced from S. coelicolor. Thus, our results suggested a positive feedback regulatory mechanism of stgR expression and antibiotic production for the rapid and irreversible development of secondary metabolism in Streptomyces.
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Effective DNA epitope chimeric vaccines for Alzheimers disease using a toxin-derived carrier protein as a molecular adjuvant.
Clin. Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2013
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Active amyloid-beta (A?) immunotherapy is under investigation to prevent or treat Alzheimer disease (AD). We describe here the immunological characterization and protective effect of DNA epitope chimeric vaccines using 6 copies of A?1-15 fused with PADRE or toxin-derived carriers. These naked 6A?15-T-Hc chimeric DNA vaccines were demonstrated to induce robust anti-A? antibodies that could recognize A? oligomers and inhibit A? oligomer-mediated neurotoxicity, result in the reduction of cerebral A? load and A? oligomers, and improve cognitive function in AD mice, but did not stimulate A?-specific T cell responses. Notably, toxin-derived carriers as molecular adjuvants were able to substantially promote immune responses, overcome A?-associated hypo-responsiveness, and elicit long-term A?-specific antibody response in 6A?15-T-Hc-immunized AD mice. These findings suggest that our 6A?15-T-Hc DNA chimeric vaccines can be used as a safe and effective strategy for AD immunotherapy, and toxin-derived carrier proteins are effective molecular adjuvants of DNA epitope vaccines for Alzheimers disease.
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Synergy between twisted conformation and effective intermolecular interactions: strategy for efficient mechanochromic luminogens with high contrast.
Adv. Mater. Weinheim
PUBLISHED: 02-22-2013
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A strategy towards efficient mechanochromic luminogens with high contrast is developed. The twisted propeller-like conformations and effective intermolecular interactions not only endow the luminogens with AIE characteristics and high efficiency in the crystalline state, but also render them to undergo conformational planarization and disruption in intermolecular interactions upon mechanical stimuli, resulting in remarkable changes in emission wavelength and efficiency.
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A polytriazole synthesized by 1,3-dipolar polycycloaddition showing aggregation-enhanced emission and utility in explosive detection.
Macromol Rapid Commun
PUBLISHED: 02-18-2013
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The metal-free click polymerizations (MFCPs) of activated alkynes and azides have become a powerful technique for the preparation of functional polytriazoles. Recently, a new MFCP of activated azide and alkyne has been established, but no functional polytriazole is prepared. In this paper, polytriazole PIa with aggregation-enhanced emission (AEE) characteristics is prepared by this efficient polymerization in excellent yield (97.9%). PIa is thermally stable, with 5% loss of its weight at temperature as high as 440 °C. Thanks to its unique AEE feature of PIa, its nanoaggregates can be used to detect explosives with a superamplification quenching effect.
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Open kyphoplasty in the treatment of a painful vertebral lytic lesion with spinal cord compression caused by multiple myeloma: A case report.
Oncol Lett
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2013
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Multiple myeloma is a fatal hematological malignancy, with the most common localization being the spine. A 72-year-old male patient presented with progressive back pain and dysfunction of ambulation. Spinal computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed spinal cord compression at the T9-T10 level due to an extensive epidural mass in the spinal canal, a large lytic mass of T7-T12 with extraosseous extension and involvement of T9 and T10 vertebral pedicle and posterior wall. The patient underwent posterior spinal decompression and kyphoplasty of T9 and T10 with pedicle screw fixation in T7, T8, T11 and T12. Pain and neural function were improved significantly postoperatively. To our knowledge, such methods have rarely been used to treat a patient with intractable back pain and neurological compromise with multiple myeloma or spinal metastases.
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Pioglitazone improves cognitive function via increasing insulin sensitivity and strengthening antioxidant defense system in fructose-drinking insulin resistance rats.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 02-13-2013
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Insulin resistance (IR) links Alzheimers disease (AD) with oxidative damage, cholinergic deficit, and cognitive impairment. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) agonist pioglitazone previously used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has also been demonstrated to be effective in anti-inflammatory reaction and anti-oxidative stress in the animal models of AD and other neuroinflammatory diseases. Here, we investigated the effect of pioglitazone on learning and memory impairment and the molecular events that may cause it in fructose-drinking insulin resistance rats. We found that long-term fructose-drinking causes insulin resistance, oxidative stress, down-regulated activity of cholinergic system, and cognitive deficit, which could be ameliorated by pioglitazone administration. The results from the present study provide experimental evidence for using pioglitazone in the treatment of brain damage caused by insulin resistance.
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Hypoxia-induced autophagy in endothelial cells: a double-edged sword in the progression of infantile haemangioma?
Cardiovasc. Res.
PUBLISHED: 02-12-2013
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The aim of this study was to investigate the precise role of hypoxia-induced autophagy in endothelial cells, and whether it contributes to the distinctive progression of infantile haemangioma (IH).
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Targeting of interleukin-13 receptor ?2 for treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma induced by conditional deletion of TGF-? and PTEN signaling.
J Transl Med
PUBLISHED: 02-11-2013
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The sixth leading class of cancer worldwide is head and neck cancer, which typically arise within the squamous epithelium of the oral mucosa. Human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is known to be difficult to treat and has only a 50% five-year survival rate. With HNSCC, novel therapeutics are needed along with a means of rapidly screening anti-cancer agents in vivo, such as mouse models.
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Potent tetravalent replicon vaccines against botulinum neurotoxins using DNA-based Semliki Forest virus replicon vectors.
Vaccine
PUBLISHED: 02-07-2013
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Human botulism is commonly associated with botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) serotypes A, B, E and F. This suggests that the greatest need is for a tetravalent vaccine that provides protection against all four of these serotypes. In current study, we investigated the feasibility of generating several tetravalent vaccines that protected mice against the four serotypes. Firstly, monovalent replicon vaccine against BoNT induced better antibody response and protection than that of corresponding conventional DNA vaccine. Secondly, dual-expression DNA replicon pSCARSE/FHc or replicon particle VRP-E/FHc vaccine was well resistant to the challenge of BoNT/E and BoNT/F mixture as a combination vaccine composed of two monovalent replicon vaccines. Finally, the dual-expression DNA replicon or replicon particle tetravalent vaccine could simultaneously and effectively neutralize and protect the four BoNT serotypes. Protection correlated directly with serum ELISA titers and neutralization antibody levels to BoNTs. Therefore, replicon-based DNA or particle might be effective vector to develop BoNT vaccines, which might be more desirable for use in clinical application than the conventional DNA vaccines. Our studies demonstrate the utility of combining dual-expression DNA replicon or replicon particle vaccines into multi-agent formulations as potent tetravalent vaccines for eliciting protective responses to four serotypes of BoNTs.
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A pyridinyl-functionalized tetraphenylethylene fluorogen for specific sensing of trivalent cations.
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
PUBLISHED: 01-18-2013
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A pyridinyl-functionalized tetraphenylethene (Py-TPE) was synthesized and it demonstrated colorimetric and ratiometric fluorescent responses to trivalent metal cations (M(3+), M = Cr, Fe, Al) over a variety of mono- and divalent metal cations.
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Enhanced potency of replicon vaccine using one vector to simultaneously co-express antigen and interleukin-4 molecular adjuvant.
Hum Vaccin Immunother
PUBLISHED: 01-08-2013
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We evaluated the utility of interleukin-4 (IL-4) as molecular adjuvant of replicon vaccines for botulinum neurotoxin serotype A (BoNT/A) in mouse model. In both Balb/c and C57/BL6 mice that received the plasmid DNA replicon vaccines derived from Semliki Forest virus (SFV) encoding the Hc gene of BoNT/A (AHc), the immunogenicity was significantly modulated and enhanced by co-delivery or co-express of the IL-4 molecular adjuvant. The enhanced potencies were also produced by co-delivery or co-expression of the IL-4 molecular adjuvant in mice immunized with the recombinant SFV replicon particles (VRP) vaccines. In particular, when AHc and IL-4 were co-expressed within the same replicon vaccine vector using dual-expression or bicistronic IRES, the anti-AHc antibody titers, serum neutralization titers and survival rates of immunized mice after challenged with BoNT/A were significantly increased. These results indicate IL-4 is an effective Th2-type adjuvant for the replicon vaccines in both strain mice, and the co-expression replicon vaccines described here may be an excellent candidate for further vaccine development in other animals or humans. Thus, we described a strategy to design and develop efficient vaccines against BoNT/A or other pathogens using one replicon vector to simultaneously co-express antigen and molecular adjuvant.
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Variable food-specific IgG antibody levels in healthy and symptomatic Chinese adults.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-03-2013
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The presence of food-specific IgG antibodies in human serum may be useful for diagnosis of adverse food reactions. However, the clinical utility of testing for such antibodies remains very controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum levels and population distribution of food-specific IgGs and their association with chronic symptoms in a large-scale Chinese population.
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MicroRNA-135b acts as a tumor promoter by targeting the hypoxia-inducible factor pathway in genetically defined mouse model of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
Cancer Lett.
PUBLISHED: 01-02-2013
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Here in, we investigated the mechanism underlying overexpression of miR-135b in the human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines and in the HNSCC mouse model. Exogenous expression of miR-135b in these cell lines increased cell proliferation, migration, and colony formation. Gene silencing analysis revealed that miR-135b affects a regulator that inhibits hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). Increased miR-135b expression was positively correlated with HIF-1? expression and microvessel density in the HNSCC model. Thus, our data demonstrate that miR-135b acts as a tumor promoter by promoting cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, survival, and angiogenesis through activation of HIF-1? in HNSCC.
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Clinical Significance of Keap1 and Nrf2 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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Oxidative stress has been reported to play an important role in progression and prognostication in various kinds of cancers. However, the role and clinical significance of oxidative stress markers Keap1 and Nrf2 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the correlation of oxidative stress markers Keap1 and Nrf2 expression and pathological features in OSCC by using tissue microarray. Tissue microarrays containing 17 normal oral mucosa, 7 oral epithelial dysplasia and 43 OSCC specimens were studied by immunohistochemistry. The association among these proteins and pathological features were analyzed. Expression of oxidative stress markers Keap1, Nrf2, and antioxidants PPIA, Prdx6, as well as CD147 was found to increase consecutively from normal oral mucosa to OSCC, and the Keap1, Nrf2, PPIA, Prdx6, CD147 expression in OSCC were significantly higher when compared to normal oral mucosa. Expression of Keap1, Nrf2 in tumors was not found to be significantly associated with T category, lymph node metastases, and pathological grade. Furthermore, we checked the relationship among these oxidative stress markers and found that Keap1 was significantly correlated with Nrf2, Prdx6 and CD147. Significant relationship between Nrf2 and Prdx6 was also detected. Finally, we found patients with overexpression of Keap1 and Nrf2 had not significantly worse overall survival by Kaplan-Meier analysis. These findings suggest that ROS markers are associated with carcinogenesis and progression of OSCC, which may have prognostic value and could be regarded as potential therapeutic targets in OSCC.
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Inhibition of mTOR Reduces Anal Carcinogenesis in Transgenic Mouse Model.
PLoS ONE
PUBLISHED: 01-01-2013
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The molecular mechanism of human anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) is unclear, and the accumulating evidence indicate association of ASCC with the activation of the Akt/mTOR pathway. Here we describe a mouse model with spontaneous anal squamous cell cancer, wherein a combined deletion of Tgfbr1 and Pten in stratified squamous epithelia was induced using inducible K14-Cre. Histopathologic analyses confirmed that 33.3% of the mice showed increased susceptibility to ASCC and precancerous lesions. Biomarker analyses demonstrated that the activation of the Akt pathway in ASCC of the Tgfbr1 and Pten double knockout (2cKO) mouse was similar to that observed in human anal cancer. Chemopreventive experiments using mTOR inhibitor-rapamycin treatment significantly delayed the onset of the ASCC tumors and reduced the tumor burden in 2cKO mice by decreasing the phosphorylation of Akt and S6. This is the first conditional knockout mouse model used for investigating the contributions of viral and cellular factors in anal carcinogenesis without carcinogen-mediated induction, and it would provide a platform for assessing new therapeutic modalities for treating and/or preventing this type of cancer.
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Rare giant secondary cutis verticis gyrata.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg
PUBLISHED: 12-14-2011
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We report a case of cerebriform intradermal naevus (CIN) of the scalp in a 17-year-old girl. The clinical and histopathological presentations of the case are described and the diagnostic and therapeutic aspects presented.
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Development of a fluorescent microsphere immunoassay for detection of antibodies against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus using oral fluid samples as an alternative to serum-based assays.
Clin. Vaccine Immunol.
PUBLISHED: 12-07-2011
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For effective disease surveillance, rapid and sensitive assays are needed to detect antibodies developed in response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection. In this study, we developed a multiplexed fluorescent microsphere immunoassay (FMIA) for detection of PRRSV-specific antibodies in oral fluid and serum samples. Recombinant nucleocapsid protein (N) and nonstructural protein 7 (nsp7) from both PRRSV genotypes (type I and type II) were used as antigens and covalently coupled to Luminex fluorescent microspheres. Based on an evaluation of 488 oral fluid samples with known serostatus, the oral fluid-based FMIAs achieved >92% sensitivity and 91% specificity. For serum samples (n = 1,639), the FMIAs reached >98% sensitivity and 95% specificity. The assay was further employed to investigate the kinetics of the antibody response in infected pigs. In oral fluid, the N protein was more sensitive for the detection of early infection (7 and 14 days postinfection), but nsp7 detected a higher level and longer duration of antibody response (28 days postinfection). In serum, the antibodies specific to nsp7 and N proteins were detected as early as 7 days postinfection, and the responses lasted more than 202 days. This study provides a framework from which a more robust assay could be developed to profile the immune response to multiple PRRSV antigens in a single test. The development of oral fluid-based diagnostic tests will change the way we survey diseases in swine herds and improve our ability to cheaply and efficiently track PRRSV infections in both populations and individual animals.
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Coronary plaque response after drug eluting stent implantation assessed by serial optical coherence tomography analysis.
Chin. Med. J.
PUBLISHED: 11-16-2011
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In general, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relieves vessel stenosis by implantation of a stent, however, the relationship between plaque characteristics and response after stenting is not clear.
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[The risk factors for worsening renal function in patients with chronic heart failure].
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
PUBLISHED: 11-02-2011
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To investigate the risk factors of worsening renal function (WRF) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and WRF influence on prognosis.
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JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVE's video library.

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In developing our video relationships, we compare around 5 million PubMed articles to our library of over 4,500 methods videos. In some cases the language used in the PubMed abstracts makes matching that content to a JoVE video difficult. In other cases, there happens not to be any content in our video library that is relevant to the topic of a given abstract. In these cases, our algorithms are trying their best to display videos with relevant content, which can sometimes result in matched videos with only a slight relation.