Articles by Adele Preaudet in JoVE
Non-invasive Assessment of the Efficacy of New Therapeutics for Intestinal Pathologies Using Serial Endoscopic Imaging of Live Mice Matthias Ernst1,2,3, Adele Preaudet1, Tracy Putoczki1,2 1The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Medical Research, 2The Department of Medical Biology, University of Melbourne, 3Olivia Newton-John Cancer Research Institute We describe methods for longitudinal monitoring of the efficacy of therapeutics for the treatment of colonic pathologies in mice using a rigid endoscope. This protocol can be readily used for the characterization of the therapeutic response of an individual tumor in live mice and also for monitoring potential disease relapse.
Other articles by Adele Preaudet on PubMed
MTORC1 Inhibition Restricts Inflammation-associated Gastrointestinal Tumorigenesis in Mice The Journal of Clinical Investigation. Feb, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23321674 Gastrointestinal cancers are frequently associated with chronic inflammation and excessive secretion of IL-6 family cytokines, which promote tumorigenesis through persistent activation of the GP130/JAK/STAT3 pathway. Although tumor progression can be prevented by genetic ablation of Stat3 in mice, this transcription factor remains a challenging therapeutic target with a paucity of clinically approved inhibitors. Here, we uncovered parallel and excessive activation of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) alongside STAT3 in human intestinal-type gastric cancers (IGCs). Furthermore, in a preclinical mouse model of IGC, GP130 ligand administration simultaneously activated mTORC1/S6 kinase and STAT3 signaling. We therefore investigated whether mTORC1 activation was required for inflammation-associated gastrointestinal tumorigenesis. Strikingly, the mTORC1-specific inhibitor RAD001 potently suppressed initiation and progression of both murine IGC and colitis-associated colon cancer. The therapeutic effect of RAD001 was associated with reduced tumor vascularization and cell proliferation but occurred independently of STAT3 activity. We analyzed the mechanism of GP130-mediated mTORC1 activation in cells and mice and revealed a requirement for JAK and PI3K activity but not for GP130 tyrosine phosphorylation or STAT3. Our results suggest that GP130-dependent activation of the druggable PI3K/mTORC1 pathway is required for inflammation-associated gastrointestinal tumorigenesis. These findings advocate clinical application of PI3K/mTORC1 inhibitors for the treatment of corresponding human malignancies.
Interleukin-11 Is the Dominant IL-6 Family Cytokine During Gastrointestinal Tumorigenesis and Can Be Targeted Therapeutically Cancer Cell. Aug, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23948300 Among the cytokines linked to inflammation-associated cancer, interleukin (IL)-6 drives many of the cancer "hallmarks" through downstream activation of the gp130/STAT3 signaling pathway. However, we show that the related cytokine IL-11 has a stronger correlation with elevated STAT3 activation in human gastrointestinal cancers. Using genetic mouse models, we reveal that IL-11 has a more prominent role compared to IL-6 during the progression of sporadic and inflammation-associated colon and gastric cancers. Accordingly, in these models and in human tumor cell line xenograft models, pharmacologic inhibition of IL-11 signaling alleviated STAT3 activation, suppressed tumor cell proliferation, and reduced the invasive capacity and growth of tumors. Our results identify IL-11 signaling as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of gastrointestinal cancers.